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Nanoscale ; 12(17): 9366-9374, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338265


Group-III monochalcogenides of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have attracted widespread attention among scientists due to their unique electronic performance and interesting chemical and physical properties. Indium sulfide (InS) is attracting increasing interest from scientists because it has two distinct crystal structures. However, studies on the synthesis of highly crystalline, large-area, and atomically thin-film InS have not been reported thus far. Here, the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) synthesis method of atomic InS crystals has been reported in this paper. The direct chemical vapour phase reaction of metal oxides with chalcogen precursors produces a large-sized hexagonal crystal structure and atomic-thickness InS flakes or films. The InS atomic films are merged with a plurality of triangular InS crystals that are uniform and entire and have surface areas of 1 cm2 and controllable thicknesses in bilayers or trilayers. The properties of the as-grown highly crystalline samples were characterized by spectroscopic and microscopic measurements. The ion-gel gated InS field-effect transistors (FETs) reveal n-type transport behavior, and have an on-off current ratio of >103 and a room-temperature electron mobility of ∼2 cm2 V-1 s-1. Moreover, our CVD InS can be transferred from mica to any substrates, so various 2D materials can be reassembled into vertically stacked heterostructures, thus facilitating the development of heterojunctions and exploration of the properties and applications of their interactions.

ACS Nano ; 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271535


Performance of 2D photodetectors is often predominated by charge traps that offer an effective photogating effect. The device features an ultrahigh gain and responsivity, but at the cost of a retarded temporal response due to the nature of long-lived trap states. In this work, we devise a gain mechanism that originates from massive charge puddles formed in the type-II 2D lateral heterostructures. This concept is demonstrated using graphene-contacted WS2 photodetectors embedded with WSe2 nanodots. Upon light illumination, photoexcited carriers are separated by the built-in field at the WSe2/WS2 heterojunctions (HJs), with holes trapped in the WSe2 nanodots. The resulting WSe2 hole puddles provide a photoconductive gain, as electrons are recirculating during the lifetime of holes that remain trapped in the puddles. The WSe2/WS2 HJ photodetectors exhibit a responsivity of 3 × 102 A/W with a gain of 7 × 102 electrons per photon. Meanwhile, the zero-gate response time is reduced by 5 orders of magnitude as compared to the prior reports for the graphene-contacted pristine WS2 monolayer and WS2/MoS2 heterobilayer photodetectors due to the ultrafast intralayer excitonic dynamics in the WSe2/WS2 HJs.

Small ; 14(39): e1802351, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30152600


Recently, 2D materials of indium selenide (InSe) layers have attracted much attention from the scientific community due to their high mobility transport and fascinating physical properties. To date, reports on the synthesis of high-quality and scalable InSe atomic films are limited. Here, a synthesis of InSe atomic layers by vapor phase selenization of In2 O3 in a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system, resulting in large-area monolayer flakes or thin films, is reported. The atomic films are continuous and uniform over a large area of 1 × 1 cm2 , comprising of primarily InSe monolayers. Spectroscopic and microscopic measurements reveal the highly crystalline nature of the synthesized InSe monolayers. The ion-gel-gated field-effect transistors based on CVD InSe monolayers exhibit n-type channel behaviors, where the field effect electron mobility values can be up to ≈30 cm2 V-1 s-1 along with an on/off current ratio, of >104 at room temperature. In addition, the graphene can serve as a protection layer to prevent the oxidation between InSe and the ambient environment. Meanwhile, the synthesized InSe films can be transferred to arbitrary substrates, enabling the possibility of reassembly of various 2D materials into vertically stacked heterostructures, prompting research efforts to probe its characteristics and applications.

Nano Lett ; 18(2): 793-797, 2018 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327927


Edge morphology and lattice orientation of single-crystal molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) monolayers, a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), possessing a triangular shape with different edges grown by chemical vapor deposition are characterized by atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Multiphoton laser scanning microscopy is utilized to study one-dimensional atomic edges of MoS2 monolayers with localized midgap electronic states, which result in greatly enhanced optical second-harmonic generation (SHG). Microscopic S-zigzag edge and S-Mo Klein edge (bare Mo atoms protruding from a S-zigzag edge) terminations and the edge-atom dependent resonance energies can therefore be deduced based on SHG images. Theoretical calculations based on density functional theory clearly explain the lower energy of the S-zigzag edge states compared to the corresponding S-Mo Klein edge states. Characterization of the atomic-scale variation of edge-enhanced SHG is a step forward in this full-optical and high-yield technique of atomic-layer TMDs.

Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 591, 2017 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29124372


The features of eight-period In0.2Ga0.8N/GaN quantum wells (QWs) with silicon (Si) doping in the first two to five quantum barriers (QBs) in the growth sequence of blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are explored. Epilayers of QWs' structures are grown on 20 pairs of In0.02Ga0.98N/GaN superlattice acting as strain relief layers (SRLs) on patterned sapphire substrates (PSSs) by a low-pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (LP-MOCVD) system. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectra, current versus voltage (I-V) curves, light output power versus injection current (L-I) curves, and images of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) of epilayers are measured. The consequences show that QWs with four Si-doped QBs have larger carrier localization energy (41 meV), lower turn-on (3.27 V) and breakdown (- 6.77 V) voltages, and higher output power of light of blue LEDs at higher injection current than other samples. Low barrier height of QBs in a four-Si-doped QB sample results in soft confinement potential of QWs and lower turn-on and breakdown voltages of the diode. HRTEM images give the evidence that this sample has relatively diffusive interfaces of QWs. Uniform spread of carriers among eight QWs and superior localization of carriers in each well are responsible for the enhancement of light output power, in particular, for high injection current in the four-Si-doped QB sample. The results demonstrate that four QBs of eight In0.2Ga0.8N/GaN QWs with Si doping not only reduce the quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) but also improve the distribution and localization of carriers in QWs for better optical performance of blue LEDs.