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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(1): 331-348, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34975336

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by muscularized pulmonary blood vessels, leading to right heart hypertrophy and cardiac failure. However, state-of-the-art therapeutics fail to target the ongoing remodeling process. Here, this study shows that matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1 and MMP-10 levels are increased in the medial layer of vessel wall, serum, and M1-polarized macrophages from patients with PAH and the lungs of monocrotaline- and hypoxia-induced PAH rodent models. MMP-10 regulates the malignant phenotype of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). The overexpression of active MMP-10 promotes PASMC proliferation and migration via upregulation of cyclin D1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, suggesting that MMP-10 produced by infiltrating macrophages contributes to vascular remodeling. Furthermore, inhibition of STAT1 inhibits hypoxia-induced MMP-10 but not MMP-1 expression in M1-polarized macrophages from patients with PAH. In conclusion, circulating MMP-10 could be used as a potential targeted therapy for PAH.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126698, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026424

RESUMO

Improper use of conventional plastics poses challenges for sustainable energy and environmental protection. Algal derivatives have been considered as a potential renewable biomass source for bioplastic production. Algae derivatives include a multitude of valuable substances, especially starch from microalgae, short-chain length polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from cyanobacteria, polysaccharides from marine and freshwater macroalgae. The algae derivatives have the potential to be used as key ingredients for bioplastic production, such as starch and PHAs or only as an additive such as sulfated polysaccharides. The presence of distinctive functional groups in algae, such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, and sulfate, can be manipulated or tailored to provide desirable bioplastic quality, especially for food, pharmaceutical, and medical packaging. Standardizing strains, growing conditions, harvesting and extracting algae in an environmentally friendly manner would be a promising strategy for pollution control and bioplastic production.

3.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988731

RESUMO

The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of vulvovaginal erbium laser on the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and sexual function of postmenopausal women. We conducted a retrospective study of sixty-four postmenopausal women with GSM, and these patients were scheduled for three times of vulvovaginal erbium laser treatment. A baseline and post-treatment vaginal status was assessed by measuring vaginal pH, patients' subjective vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) symptoms, which included dryness, dyspareunia, itching, and burning. The urinary response to treatment was assessed using ICIQ-SF, UDI-6, IIQ-7, OABSS, and POPDI-6. Sexual function was evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) before and after vulvovaginal laser therapy. Patient follow-ups were scheduled for 12 months after treatment. A total of sixty-four patients were enrolled in the study. We observed the significant improvement in the percentage of negative symptoms (dryness/dyspareunia/itching/burning) and in lower urinary tracts symptoms evaluated with ICIQ-SF, UDI-6, IIQ-7, OABSS, and POPDI-6 (P < 0.05). Patients' overall satisfaction regarding their sexual life, assessed via Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), showed significant improvement in its six domains of sexual function (P < 0.05). The pH level of vaginal secretions significantly decreased. No long-term complications were found post-treatment. The Er:YAG vaginal laser procedure is associated with a significant improvement in GSM and sexual function of postmenopausal women. Our result demonstrates that it can be a safe and efficacious treatment for patients with GSM without any serious adverse effects up to 1-year post-treatment. The long-term effects of using vulvovaginal laser in the treatment of GSM should be investigated.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 426: 128077, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34953256

RESUMO

Catalytic activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and peroxydisulfate (PDS) (or collectively known as persulfate, PS) using carbocatalyst is increasingly gaining attention as a promising technology for sustainable recalcitrant pollutant removal in water. Single heteroatom doping using either N, S, B or P is widely used to enhance the performance of the carbocatalyst for PS activation. However, the performance enhancement from single heteroatom doping is limited by the type of heteroatom used. To further enhance the performance of the carbocatalyst beyond the limit of single heteroatom doping, multi-heteroatom doping can be conducted. This review aims to provide a state-of-the-art overview on the development of multi-heteroatom-doped carbocatalyst for PS activation. The potential synergistic and antagonistic interactions of various heteroatoms including N and B, N and S, N and P, and N and halogen for PS activation are evaluated. Thereafter, the preparation strategies to develop multi-heteroatom-doped carbocatalyst including one-step and multi-step preparation approaches along with the characterization techniques are discussed. Evidence and summary of the performance of multi-heteroatom-doped carbocatalyst for various recalcitrant pollutants removal via PS activation are also provided. Finally, the prospects of employing multi-heteroatom-doped carbocatalyst including the need to study the correlation between different heteroatom combination, surface moiety type, and amount of dopant with the PS activation mechanism, identifying the best heteroatom combination, improving the durability of the carbocatalyst, evaluating the feasibility for full-scale application, developing low-cost multi-heteroatom-doped carbocatalyst, and assessing the environmental impact are also briefly discussed.

5.
Chemosphere ; 288(Pt 1): 132427, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600922

RESUMO

As UV-light stabilizers, Bis(4-hydroxy)benzophenone (BBP), are extensively consumed to quench radicals from photooxidation, continuous release of BPs into the environment poses serious threats to the ecology in view of their xenohormone toxicities, and BBP shall be eliminated from water to avoid its adverse effect. Since sulfate radical (SR)-based chemical oxidation techniques have been proven as effective procedures for eliminating organic emerging contaminants, this study aims to develop useful SR-based procedures through activating Oxone for degrading BBP in water. In contrast to the conventional Co3O4, cobalt sulfide (CoS) is particularly proposed as an alternative heterogeneous catalyst for activating Oxone to degrade BBP because CoS exhibits more reactive redox characteristics. As structures of catalysts predominantly control their catalytic activities, in this study, a unique nanoplate-assembled CoS (NPCS) 3D cluster is fabricated via a convenient one-step process to serve as a promising heterogeneous catalyst for activating Oxone to degrade BBP. With NPCS = 100 mg/L and Oxone = 200 mg/L, 5 mg/L of BBP can be completely eliminated in 60 min. The catalytic activity of NPCS towards Oxone activation also significantly surpasses the reference material, Co3O4, to enhance degradation of BBP. Ea of BBP degradation by NPCS-activated Oxone is also determined as a relatively low value of 42.7 kJ/mol. The activation mechanism as well as degradation pathway of BBP degradation by NPCS-activated Oxone was investigated and validated through experimental evidences and density functional theory (DFT) calculation to offer valuable insights into degradation behaviors for developing SR-based processes of BBP degradation using CoS catalysts.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Benzofenonas , Catálise , Cobalto , Óxidos , Ácidos Sulfúricos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132458, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610377

RESUMO

Over the past decade, there has been a surge of interest in using char (hydrochar or biochar) derived from biomass as persulfate (PS, either peroxymonosulfate or peroxydisulfate) activator for anthropogenic pollutants removal. While extensive investigation showed that char could be used as a PS activator, its sustainability over prolonged application is equivocal. This review provides an assessment of the knowledge gap related to the sustainability of char as a PS activator. The desirable char properties for PS activation are identified, include the high specific surface area and favorable surface chemistry. Various synthesis strategies to obtain the desirable properties during biomass pre-treatment, hydrochar and biochar synthesis, and char post-treatment are discussed. Thereafter, factors related to the sustainability of employing char as a PS activator for anthropogenic pollutants removal are critically evaluated. Among the critical factors include performance uncertainty, competing adsorption process, char stability during PS activation, biomass precursor variation, scalability, and toxic components in char. Finally, some potential research directions are provided. Fulfilling the sustainability factors will provide opportunity to employ char as an economical and efficient catalyst for sustainable environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Adsorção , Biomassa , Catálise
7.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126091, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624475

RESUMO

Co-culture using microalgae-activated sludge in Sequencing Batch Photobioreactors (PBRs) was investigated for wastewater treatment performance. This study evaluated the effect of natural and artificial lighting conditons on treatment performance under consideration of energy consumption. The results found that the removal of nutrients and COD of natural lighting condition was only 10% and 13% lower than those of artificial lighting respectively. Generally, artificial lighting mode took an advantage in pollutants removal. However, standing at 0.294 kWh L-1, the total energy consumption of natural lighting was over two times less than that of artificial lighting. It reveals the natural lighting system played a dominant role for cutting energy costs significantly compared to artificial lighting one (∼57%). As a practical viewpoint on energy aspect and treatment performance, a natural lighting PBR system would be a sustainable option for microalgae-activated sludge co-culture system treating wastewater.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Purificação da Água , Biomassa , Técnicas de Cocultura , Iluminação , Fotobiorreatores , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias
8.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126125, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653623

RESUMO

This study is aimed to comprehend the treatment of non-submerged attached growth systems using bio-sponge, bio-cord, and bio-cloth media. Three reactors were set up with internal recirculation ratio of 1 (IR = 1) and similar media surface area. Bio-sponge and bio-cloth reactors showed removal of COD (79 vs. 76%) and NH4+-N (78 vs. 73%). While bio-cord treatment was deteriorated due to time-dependent process. Multiple linear regression revealed that alkalinity governed the formation degree of the anaerobic zone in bio-sponges, partially affecting nitrification. Increasing IR from 1 to 3 caused sloughing of the attached biomass and was positively correlated with effluent nitrite nitrogen concentration, indicating the sensitivity of nitrification to spatial distribution effects. In addition, bio-sponge system obtained superior performance at IR of 2 while bio-cloth one might be also an effective media for wastewater treatment if having good durability.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150252, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798757

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) occur widely in marine environments, and disturb the balance of aquatic ecosystems. In this study, programmed cell apoptosis in marine dinoflagellate, Karenia mikimotoi exposed to 10 mg L-1 micro/nanoplastics (MPs/NPs; polystyrene and polymethyl methacrylate) for 72 h was assessed. Prior to the toxicity assay, MPs/NPs were dialyzed to remove possible additives. Cell viability, membrane integrity, cell apoptosis, and total DNA concentration were measured to assess programmed cell apoptosis in K. mikimotoi following exposure to MPs/NPs. A transcriptome analysis was used to explore the potential toxic mechanism of MPs to K. mikimotoi. Programmed cell apoptosis was related to the size of MPs/NPs, and NPs could more easily impair cell viability, and reduced cell membrane integrity and DNA concentration. NP particles caused continuous apoptosis of K. mikimotoi compared to MP particles. Size had the greatest effect on toxicity in K. mikimotoi. In conclusion, the results evidenced that both MPs and NPs have a negative impact on the marine dinoflagellate, K. mikimotoi. However, NPs were more harmful to K mikimotoi than MPs, highlighting the potential ecological problems associated with exposure to NPs.


Assuntos
Dinoflagelados , Apoptose , Ecossistema , Microplásticos , Plásticos
10.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132224, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826918

RESUMO

Food waste, a renewable resource, was converted to H2-rich gas via a catalytic steam gasification process. The effects of basic oxides (MgO, CaO, and SrO) with 10 wt% Ni/Al2O3 on the gasification properties of food waste were investigated using a U-shaped gasifier. All catalysts prepared by the precipitation method were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, H2-temperature-programmed reduction, NH3-temperature-programmed desorption, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The Ni/Al2O3 catalyst was reduced incompletely, and low nickel concentrations were detected on the surface of the alumina. The basic oxides minimized the number of acid sites and suppressed the formation of nickel-aluminate (NiAlxOy) phase in catalyst. In addition, the basic oxides shifted nickel-aluminate reduction reaction to lower temperatures. It resulted in enhancing nickel concentration on the catalyst surface and increasing gas yield and hydrogen selectivity. The low gas yield of the Ni/Al2O3 catalyst was attributed to the low nickel concentration on the surface. The maximum gas yield (66.0 wt%) and hydrogen selectivity (63.8 vol%) of the 10 wt% SrO- 10 wt% Ni/Al2O3 catalyst correlated with the highly dispersed nickel on the surface and low acidity. Furthermore, coke deposition during steam gasification varied with the surface acidity of the catalysts and less coke was formed on 10 wt% SrO- 10 wt% Ni/Al2O3 due to efficient tar cracking. This study showed that the steam gasification efficiency of the Ni/Al2O3 catalyst could be improved significantly by the addition of SrO.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Vapor , Biomassa , Alimentos , Hidrogênio , Óxido de Magnésio , Óxidos
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 126992, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474363

RESUMO

The growing consumption of plastic materials has increased hazardous threats to all environmental media, since current plastic waste management methods release microplastics and toxic chemicals. As such, massive generation of plastic derived pollutants leads to significant public health and environmental problems. In this work, an environmentally sound method for valorization of plastic waste is suggested. In detail, pyrolysis of polycarbonate-containing plastic waste such as automotive headlight housing (AHH) was carried out using CO2 as a co-reactant. AHH was chosen as it discharges bisphenol A (BPA) and aromatic compounds. Under CO2 condition, emissions of BPA and its derivatives were suppressed by 14.5% due to gas phase reactions (GPRs) with CO2. Nevertheless, reaction kinetics for GPRs was not significant. To impart the GPRs, catalytic pyrolysis was done using Ni and Co-based catalysts. During catalytic pyrolysis, syngas production was more than tenfold up comparing to pyrolysis without catalyst. The expedited GPRs over catalysts resulted in the enhanced syngas formation. Total concentration of the toxic chemicals from CO2-assisted catalytic pyrolysis of AHH decreased by 86.1% and 66.7% over Ni and Co catalysts, comparing to those from N2 environment.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Pirólise , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Catálise , Fenóis , Plásticos , Cimento de Policarboxilato
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 929-940, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487940

RESUMO

While cobalt (Co) stands out as the most effective non-precious metal for activating monopersulfate (MPS) to degrade organic pollutants, Co nanoparticles (NPs) are easily aggregated, losing their activities. As many efforts have attempted to immobilize Co NPs on supports/substrates to minimize the aggregation issue, recently hollow-structured carbon-based materials (HSCMs) have been regarded as promising supports owing to their distinct physical and chemical properties. Herein, in this study, a special HSCM is developed by using a special type of ZIF (i.e., ZIF-L) as a precursor. Through one-step chemical etching with tannic acid (TA), the resultant product still remains leaf-like morphology of pristine ZIF-L but the inner part of this product becomes hollow, which is subsequently transformed to ultrafine Co-NP embedded hollow-structured N-doped carbon (CoHNC) via pyrolysis. Interestingly, CoHNC exhibits superior catalytic activities than CoNC (without hollow structure) and the commercial Co3O4 NPs for activating MPS to degrade phenol. The Ea value of phenol degradation by CoHNC + MPS was determined as 44.3 kJ/mol. Besides, CoHNC is also capable of effectively activating MPS to degrade phenol over multiple-cycles without any significant changes of catalytic activities, indicating that CoHNC is a promising heterogeneous catalyst for activating MPS to degrade organic pollutants in water.


Assuntos
Cobalto , Nanopartículas , Carbono , Fenol , Fenóis
13.
Aquat Toxicol ; 242: 106042, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861574

RESUMO

The roles of allelopathy for succession of marine phytoplankton communities remain controversial, especially for the development of blooms. Physiological parameters measurement (Fv/Fm value, MDA content, SOD activity, Na+/K+, Ca2+/ Mg2+-ATPase activity, cell size, chlorophyll content, apoptosis and cell cycle) and whole transcriptome profiling analysis were used to investigate allelopathy effect of Skeletonema costatum on Karenia mikimotoi. Filtrate and extracts from S. costatum culture inhibited the growth of K. mikimotoi. Allelopathic effects were dose-dependent for filtrate culture and extract culture. K. mikimotoi scavenged excessive ROS and adapted to the stress fastly and easily, so oxidative damage was not the main cause of the growth inhibition. Allelochemicals of S. costatum were found to influence the structure and function of cell membrane of K. mikimotoi by damaging membrane structure till to cell necrosis, which caused high mortality. Coupled with the sensitivity of algal cells to environmental stress and restricted cell cycle, allelopathy was suggested to be deeply detrimental to the development of competition algal population.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127871, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862106

RESUMO

As microplastics (MPs) dispersed into the environment, people might be exposed to MPs. Most pollutants either pass through or concentrate in the kidney. Therefore, nephrotoxicity tests are needed to verify the toxic potential of MPs. Here we used human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells to determine the association between nephrotoxicity and round-shape polystyrene MPs (PSMPs) (3.54 ± 0.39 µm) under realistic environmental exposure concentrations. Results revealed that PSMPs can adhere to the cell membrane and get entirely engulfed by HEK293 cells. PSMPs can induce cytotoxicity by oxidative stress via inhibition of the antioxidant haem oxygenase-1. Depolarisation of the mitochondrial membrane potential and formation of autophagosomes confirmed that apoptosis and autophagy can be simultaneously induced by PSMPs. The inflammatory factor was only activated (33 cytokines) by noncytotoxic concentration of PSMPs (3 ng/mL); however, the cytotoxic concentration (300 ng/mL) of PSMPs induced autophagy, which might further reduce NLRP3 expression, thus contributing to dampening inflammation (35 cytokines) in HEK293 cells. PSMPs (300 ng/mL) can impair kidney barrier integrity and increase the probability of developing acute kidney injury through the depletion of the zonula occludens-2 proteins and α1-antitrypsin. Altogether, our results demonstrated that environmental exposure to PSMPs may lead to an increased risk of renal disease.

15.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 791573, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34924960

RESUMO

Hearing loss is a common disease due to sensory loss caused by the diseases in the inner ear. The development of delivery systems for inner ear disease therapy is important to achieve high efficiency and reduce side effects. Currently, traditional drug delivery systems exhibit the potential to be used for inner ear disease therapy, but there are still some drawbacks. As nanotechnology is developing these years, one of the solutions is to develop nanoparticle-based delivery systems for inner ear disease therapy. Various nanoparticles, such as soft material and inorganic-based nanoparticles, have been designed, tested, and showed controlled delivery of drugs, improved targeting property to specific cells, and reduced systemic side effects. In this review, we summarized recent progress in nanocarriers for inner ear disease therapy. This review provides useful information on developing promising nanocarriers for the efficient treatment of inner ear diseases and for further clinical applications for inner ear disease therapy.

16.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24167, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plenty of studies have indicated that some genetic polymorphisms of the breast cancer which associated with its susceptibility may also be related to the susceptibility of abortion. MIR2052HG plays an important role in the onset and progression of breast cancer by maintaining the level of ERα, but to the best of our knowledge, the correlation between risk of recurrent abortion and MIR2052HG rs3802201 C>G polymorphism is still unclear. Therefore, we conducted this case-control study to investigate whether MIR2052HG rs3802201 C>G polymorphism is associated with susceptibility of recurrent miscarriage (RM). METHODS: We recruited 392 healthy controls and 248 patients with RM to process this research, the participants were all from southern China, and genotyping was performed by TaqMan method. RESULTS: Our results showed that there was no evidence indicates the MIR2052HG rs3802201 C>G is related to RM (CG and CC: adjusted OR = 0.970, 95% CI = 0.694-1.355, p = 0.8577; GG and CC: adjusted OR = 0.743, 95% CI = 0.416-1.330, p = 0.3174; dominant model: adjusted OR = 0.925, 95% CI = 0.672-1.272, p = 0.6298; recessive model: adjusted OR = 0.751, 95% CI = 0.430-1.321, p = 0.3233). CONCLUSION: We verified that the MIR2052HG rs3802201 C>G allele might be uncorrelated to the RM risk, but these findings require further validation in multicenter studies with larger sample size and different ethnicities.

17.
J Bras Pneumol ; 47(6): e20210072, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive roles of D-dimer for the mortality of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Ovid MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library from their inception to July 26, 2020. Studies exploring the relationship between blood D-dimer levels and CAP-related mortality were selected. In this meta-analysis, we calculated mortality rates, sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratios, and negative likelihood ratios. RESULTS: The search identified 1,073 articles, 8 of which (a total of 2,126 patients) were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled mortality rate of the overall sample was 0.10 (95% CI, 0.08-0.14). The levels of blood D-dimer in the nonsurvivors were significantly higher than those in the survivors (weighted mean difference = 1.03 mg/L [95% CI, 0.81-1.26]; p < 0.00001). The area under the summary ROC curve for the optimal cutoff value of D-dimer as a predictor of mortality was 0.848 (SE = 0.046), and the pooled negative likelihood ratio for D-dimer within the normal range was 0.24 (95% CI, 0.11-0.53). CONCLUSIONS: Blood D-dimer might be helpful for the initial assessment of mortality risk of patients with CAP. D-dimer levels within the normal range indicate low risk of mortality. Because of the small sample size in our study, our findings should be further explored and validated in future studies with larger sample sizes.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34935700

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Ferroptosis, a recently discovered form of regulated cell death that is characterized by iron accumulation and excessive ROS generation, has been favoured by the majority of researchers. Increasing evidence suggest that ferulic acid could exert markedly effects to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury, while the understanding of its molecular mechanism is still limited. In our study, the myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury model was established to explore the relationship between ischemia reperfusion injury and ferroptosis. First, we successfully constructed myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury model with changes in ST segment, increased CK,LDH activities and NT-proBNP content, and a significantly larger infarct size. Then, the increased levels of the Ptgs2 mRNA, Fe2+ accumulation, and a decreased GSH/GSSG ratio were detected in ischemia-reperfusion-injuryed heart which highly consistent with ferroptosis. However, these effects were significantly improved after ferulic acid treatment. Based on these results, ferulic acid increased the activities of the antioxidant enzymes SOD, CAT and GSH-Px, decreased the MDA level, ameliorated the production of ROS and promoted the generation of ATP. These effects of ferulic acid are similar to those of the ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1). Upregulation of AMPKα2 and GPx4 expression were also observed in the FA group. Compound C, a specific AMPK inhibitor, significantly blocked the protective effect of ferulic acid. These findings underlined that FA inhibits ferroptosis by upregulating the expression of AMPKα2 serves as a cardioprotective strategy.

19.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 665, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is one of the most lethal malignant tumors that endangers human health. Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) has increased dramatically in recent decades, accounting for nearly 40% of all lung cancer cases. Increasing evidence points to the importance of the competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) intrinsic mechanism in various human cancers. However, behavioral characteristics of the ceRNA network in lung adenocarcinoma need further study. METHODS: Groups based on SLC2A1 expression were used in this study to identify associated ceRNA networks and potential prognostic markers in lung adenocarcinoma. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to obtain the patients' lncRNA, miRNA, and mRNA expression profiles, as well as clinical data. Informatics techniques were used to investigate the effect of hub genes on prognosis. The Cox regression analyses were performed to evaluate the prognostic effect of hub genes. The methylation, GSEA, and immune infiltration analyses were utilized to explore the potential mechanisms of the hub gene. The CCK-8, transwell, and colony formation assays were performed to detect the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells. RESULTS: We eventually identified the ITGB1-DT/ARNTL2 axis as an independent fact may promote lung adenocarcinoma progression. Furthermore, methylation analysis revealed that hypo-methylation may cause the dysregulated ITGB1-DT/ARNTL2 axis, and immune infiltration analysis revealed that the ITGB1-DT/ARNTL2 axis may affect the immune microenvironment and the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. The CCK-8, transwell, and colonu formation assays suggested that ITGB1-DT/ARNTL2 promotes the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. And hsa-miR-30b-3p reversed the ITGB1/ARNTL2-mediated oncogenic processes. CONCLUSION: Our study identified the ITGB1-DT/ARNTL2 axis as a novel prognostic biomarker affects the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma.

20.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 735063, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970128

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Neurodegeneration and vascular burden are the two most common causes of post-stroke cognitive impairment. However, the interrelationship between the plasma beta-amyloid (Aß) and tau protein, cortical atrophy and brain amyloid accumulation on PET imaging in stroke patients is undetermined. We aimed to explore: (1) the relationships of cortical thickness and amyloid burden on PET with plasma Aß40, Aß42, tau protein and their composite scores in stroke patients; and (2) the associations of post-stroke cognitive presentations with these plasma and neuroimaging biomarkers. Methods: The prospective project recruited first-ever ischemic stroke patients around 3 months after stroke onset. The plasma Aß40, Aß42, and total tau protein were measured with the immunomagnetic reduction method. Cortical thickness was evaluated on MRI, and cortical amyloid plaque deposition was evaluated by 18F-florbetapir PET. Cognition was evaluated with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Dementia Rating Scale-2 (DRS-2). Results: The study recruited 24 stroke patients and 13 normal controls. The plasma tau and tau*Aß42 levels were correlated with mean cortical thickness after age adjustment. The Aß42/Aß40 ratio was correlated with global cortical 18F-florbetapir uptake value. The DRS-2 and GDS scores were associated with mean cortical thickness and plasma biomarkers, including Aß42/Aß40, tau, tau*Aß42, tau/Aß42, and tau/Aß40 levels, in stroke patients. Conclusion: Plasma Aß, tau, and their composite scores were associated with cognitive performance 3 months after stroke, and these plasma biomarkers were correlated with corresponding imaging biomarkers of neurodegeneration. Further longitudinal studies with a larger sample size are warranted to replicate the study results.

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