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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 126: 104207, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273355

RESUMO

Infectious bacterial and viral diseases that cause hemolysis are considered life-threatening to grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus), which is a species used in aquaculture worldwide. After heme and hemeproteins (Hb) are released as a result of hemolysis, the effect of excess Hb and heme on tissues remains to be characterized. To decipher the mechanisms, after incubation with Hb, we showed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Hb, and heme increased the cytotoxicity and secretion of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 1 (CCL1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß in vitro, which was due to stimulation of the expression of innate immune receptors, such as nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD2), toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), TLR 4, and TLR3. The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB were important for increasing the cytokine production to induce heme, Hb, and LPS. Moreover, we confirmed that after LPS, Hb, and heme challenge, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) synthetase (GSS) also caused remarkable destruction. However, catalase (CAT) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were strongly activated. In summary, our research findings present a framework through which heme and Hb concentrations amplify the secretions of inflammatory cytokines, which are induced by pattern recognition receptor (PRR) activation and present possible paths for immune intervention during infection with viral diseases and hemolytic bacterial.

2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131668, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346346

RESUMO

Bacterial degradation is unequivocally considered as an important way for the cleanup of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in the aquatic environment. However, the diversity and distribution of PAH-degrading bacterial communities and PAH degradation-related genes (PAHDGs) in ambient environment need to be investigated. In this study, bacteria in the water of the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) were initially separated as the particle-attached bacteria (PAB) and free-living bacteria (FLB), and were further characterized using metagenomic approaches. Proteobacteria (80.1 %) was identified as the most abundant PAH-degrading phylum in the PRE water, followed by Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, and Firmicutes. A substantial difference in the community structure was observed between PAH-degrading PAB and FLB. Both of PAH-degrading bacteria and PAHDGs were enriched on the suspended particulate matters (SPMs), with the range of enrichment factor (EF) from 7.84 × 104 to 6.64 × 106 (PAH-degrading bacteria) and from 1.14 × 103 to 1.76 × 105 (PAHDGs). The levels of PAH-degrading bacteria 16 S rRNA genes and PAHDGs on the SPMs were both significantly correlated with those in the aqueous phase (AP) in the PRE water (p < 0.05), indicating a dynamic distribution of PAH-degrading bacteria between these two phases. The total PAH concentrations on the SPMs of the PRE water were also significantly correlated with the total PAHDG levels in the PAB (p < 0.05). Our results suggested that the SPMs could be the important compartment for the elimination of PAHs from the aquatic environment.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Bactérias/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Material Particulado , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Rios
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126936, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463272

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) are frequently detected in agricultural soils, which poses a threat to public health. This study investigated the effects of inoculation of king grass with Piriformospora indica on the remediation of soils co-contaminated with Cd and DDTs. After treatment for 90 days, the dry shoot and root biomass of king grass inoculated with P. indica markedly increased by 13.0-15.8% and 24.1-46.4%, respectively, compared with those of uninoculated plants. Inoculation with P. indica also increased the uptake of Cd and DDTs by shoots and roots of king grass. The removal efficiency of Cd and DDTs from soils reached 4.88-17.4% and 48.4-51.0%, respectively, in the presence of king grass inoculated with P. indica. Under three Cd-DDTs contamination conditions, root secretion of organic acids, alcohol, and polyamines was distinctively stimulated by P. indica inoculation of king grass compared with planting king grass alone. After phytoremediation, changes in soil bacterial and fungal community composition occurred at different contamination levels. Overall, the results showed that king grass associated with P. indica can be adopted for phytoextraction of Cd and DDTs from moderately contaminated soils by regulating root excretion and reshaping rhizosphere microbial community structure.

4.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 539: 111481, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624439

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a debilitating gynecologic disorder that affects ∼10% of women of reproductive age. Endometriosis is characterized by growth of endometriosis lesions within the abdominal cavity, generally thought to arise from retrograde menstruation of shed endometrial tissue. While the pathophysiology underlying peritoneal endometriosis lesion formation is still unclear, the interaction between invading endometrial tissue and the peritoneal mesothelial lining is an essential step in lesion formation. In this study, we assessed proteomic differences between eutopic endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) from women with and without endometriosis in response to peritoneal mesothelial cell (PMC) exposure, using single-cell cytometry by time-of-flight (CyTOF). Co-cultured primary eutopic ESCs from women with and without endometriosis with an established PMC line were subjected to immunostaining with a panel of Maxpar CyTOF metal-conjugated antibodies (n = 28) targeting cell junction and mesenchymal markers, which are involved in cell-cell adhesions and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Exposure of the ESCs to PMCs resulted in a drastic shift in cellular expression profiles in ESCs derived from endometriosis, whereas little effect by PMCs was observed in ESCs from non-endometriosis subjects. The transcription factor SNAI1 was consistently repressed by PMC interactions. ESCs from endometriosis patients are unique in that they respond to PMCs by undergoing changes in adhesive properties and mesenchymal characteristics that would facilitate lesion formation.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 4): 150947, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655620

RESUMO

Eutrophication of freshwater lakes is an important cause of global water pollution. In this study, the composition and biogeographic distribution of both abundant and rare sedimentary bacterial taxa and their relationship with nutrients were assessed in Erhai Lake, a subtropical plateau lake. Proteobacteria (48.3%) and Nitrospirae (11.7%) dominated the composition of abundant taxa, while the rare taxa were dominated by Proteobacteria (25.8%) and Chloroflexi (14.1%). The abundant bacterial taxa had strong energy metabolism, whereas the rare bacterial taxa had strong xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism. These results indicated different compositions and functions existed between abundant and rare taxa. Total nitrogen (TN) was the most influential factor shaping the biogeographic patterns of both abundant and rare taxa. Phosphorus was not the deterministic factor, although nitrogen and phosphorus were the main contributors to eutrophication. Total organic carbon and pH also contributed to the biogeographic patterns of both abundant and rare taxa. In the eutrophic plateau lake sediments, abundant taxa, rather than rare taxa, played a dominant role in maintaining the community structure and ecological function of the bacterial community. The TN gradient was an important factor that affected the biogeographic distribution and assembly processes of abundant taxa. This study sheds light on the role of TN in shaping the biogeographic distribution and assembly processes of abundant taxa in eutrophic lakes.

6.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131722, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352547

RESUMO

The rapid development of global logistics has led to the overuse of packaging cartons, causing problems for municipal solid waste disposal. Diverse methods of exploiting the potential value of waste cartons are needed. Herein, we fabricated a magnetic composite (MC) from waste cartons via a one-step hydrothermal treatment and characterized. Using methylene blue (MB) as a model organic pollutant, tests of the activation of persulfate (PS) via the MC for the removal of MB were performed. Meanwhile, a comparison with activation with pre-magnetized zero-valent iron (Pre-ZVI/PS) was made. The comparative results show that the removal of MB was successfully accomplished with both Pre-ZVI/PS and MC/PS. Specifically, MC/PS could remove almost 100 % of MB, with the COD removal efficiency reaching over 70 % when the MB concentration was 50 mg/L at 80 min under different pH conditions. Even when reused twice, the MC still displayed robust activation performance. Additionally, we evaluated the lifetime of magnetic memory for Pre-ZVI, and first found its consecutive loss of pre-magnetization over 30 days, corresponding to the incremental attenuation of reaction rate constants in the Pre-ZVI-activated PS process. Overall, activating PS using the MC is a promising advanced oxidation technology and also provides a valuable reference on the valorization of lignocellulosic biomass.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ferro , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Oxirredução
7.
Ultrasonics ; 119: 106626, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695748

RESUMO

Aiming to determine the geometric and acoustic parameters of inhomogeneous multi-layer coatings, an ultrasonic pressure reflection coefficient amplitude spectrum (URCAS) is derived using a material-oriented regularization scheme, when wave propagates perpendicularly to the coating surface. Based on the derived theoretical URCAS, a new objective function combining least-squares and cross-correlation algorithm is developed to simultaneously identify the thickness, sound velocity, density, attenuation coefficient amplitude, and attenuation coefficient power-law of the multi-layer coating. Genetic algorithm with the constraint of total multi-layer coating thickness being known is presented to optimize the nonlinear objective function for obtaining global optimal solution. Ultrasonic experiments were implemented on a dual-layer coating specimen with coating1/coating2/substrate structure using a flat immersion transducer with a central frequency of 15 MHz. The inversed thicknesses, sound velocities, and densities of the dual-layer coating were in good agreement with those measured through other methods, with less than 8.1% errors. The inversed attenuation coefficients of the coating 1 and coating 2 were α(f) = 1.02e-2 × f1.93 and α(f) = 4.62e-3 × f1.97, respectively. The upper bounds of the relative errors +r of inverted parameters were all less than 0.061. The proposed ultrasonic inversion method could be used to quantitatively characterize the surface integrity of inhomogeneous multi-layer coatings.

8.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 275, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with lower esophageal sphincter (LES) incompetence. In some patients, GERD is refractory to acid reduction therapy which is the main treatment for GERD. So far, medications that can increase LES tone are few. Arecae pericarpium (A. pericarpium) is a medication in Traditional Chinese Medicine known to promote intestinal motility. METHODS: We investigated the effect of A. pericarpium extracts on porcine LES motility. In addition, we used tetrodotoxin (TTX) and atropine to study the underlying mechanism of A. pericarpium extracts-induced contractions of LES. RESULTS: The results of this study showed that A. pericarpium extracts and their main active ingredient, arecoline, can induce the contractions of porcine LES sling and clasp muscles in a dose-response manner. TTX did not have an inhibitory effect on the contractions induced by A. pericarpium extracts and arecoline in LES. However, atropine significantly inhibited A. pericarpium extracts- and arecoline-induced contractions of LES. CONCLUSION: A. pericarpium extracts can induce the contractions of porcine LES in a dose dependent manner, possibly through muscarinic receptors, and hence, may be worth developing as an alternative therapy for GERD.

9.
Int J Oncol ; 59(6)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726248

RESUMO

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation is associated with drug resistance induced by anti­epidermal growth factor receptor (anti­EGFR) therapy in the treatment of colon cancer. Thus, the combined inhibition of EGFR and STAT3 may prove beneficial for this type of cancer. STAT3 has been proven to play a critical role in colon cancer initiation and progression, and is considered the primary downstream effector driven by interleukin­6 (IL­6). A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17), documented as an oncogene, catalyzes the cleavage of both EGF and IL­6R, inducing EGFR signaling and enabling IL­6 trans­signaling to activate STAT3 in a wide range of cell types to promote inflammation and cancer development. As a natural product, shikonin (SKN) has been found to function as an antitumor agent; however, its role in the regulation of ADAM17 and IL­6/STAT3 signaling in colon cancer cells remains unknown. In the present study, it was found that SKN inhibited colon cancer cell growth, suppressed both constitutive and IL­6­induced STAT3 phosphorylation, and downregulated the expression of ADAM17. ADAM17 expression was not altered in response to STAT3 knockdown, while IL­6­induced STAT3 activation did not induce ADAM17 transcripts. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that SKN did not affect the expression of key proteins involved in the maturation and degradation of ADAM17. SKN decreased ADAM17 expression possibly through reactive oxygen species (ROS)­mediated translational inhibition, as evidenced by the increased ADAM17 mRNA and phosphorylation levels of eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α). The expression of ADAM17 and p­eIF2α was reversed by N­acetylcysteine (NAC, a ROS scavenger). Taken together, these results indicate that the concurrent inhibition of ADAM17 and IL­6/STAT3 signaling by SKN may synergistically contribute to the suppression of colon cancer cell growth.

10.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate a previously uncharacterized function of Sijunzi Decoction (SJZD) in inhibition of gastric cancer stem cells (GCSCs). METHODS: MKN74 and MKN45, two CD44 positive gastric cancer cell lines with stem cell properties were used. The cells were divided into 2 groups. Treatment group was treated with SJZD (1-5 mg/mL) for indicated time (48 h-14 days). The control group was treated with equal volume of phosphate buffered saline. Cell Counting Assay Kit-8 were used to measure cell viability. Spheroid colony formation and GCSCs marker expression were performed to determine GCSCs stemness. Cell fractionation and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to assess the distribution and DNA-binding activity of ß-catenin after SJZD treatment, respectively. RESULTS: SJZD treatment repressed cell growth and induced apoptosis in MKN74 and MKN45 cell lines (P<0.05). Moreover, SJZD dramatically inhibited formation of spheroid colony and expression of GCSC markers in GC cells (P<0.05). Mechanistically, SJZD reduced nuclear accumulation and DNA binding activity of ß-catenin (P<0.05), the key regulator for maintaining CSC stemness. CONCLUSION: SJZD inhibits GCSCs by attenuating the transcriptional activity of ß-catenin.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 114796, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740771

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sophora flavescens is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used in clinical practice, which has the effects of clearing away heat and dampness. Unfortunately, it has been reported that Sophora flavescens and its preparation may cause liver damage to a certain extent, but the exact mechanism is not clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the safety and risk of Sophora flavescens and to elucidate the relationship between Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) and the NOD-like receptor family protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Western blot, Caspase-Glo® 1 Inflammasome Assay, ELISA kits, Flow cytometry and FLIPRT Tetra system were used to study the effect of isoxanthohumol (IXN) on the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and its mechanism. Combined with the lipopolysaccharide-mediated susceptibility IDILI model in mice to evaluate the hepatotoxicity of IXN. RESULTS: IXN facilitates the activation of caspase-1 and secretion of interleukin (IL)-1ß triggered by adenosine triphosphate (ATP), nigericin but not those induced by silicon dioxide and poly (I:C). Furthermore, the activation of NLR-family CARD-containing protein 4 (NLRC4) and the absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) was not affected by IXN. Mechanistically, IXN promotes NLRP3-dependent apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a C-terminal caspase recruitment domain (ASC) oligomerization and the generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) triggered by ATP. The in vivo data showed that non-hepatotoxic doses of IXN resulted in increased levels of glutamate-pyruvate transaminase, glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase, tumor necrosis factor and IL-1ß in the serum and showed increased liver inflammation in the susceptible IDILI model mediated by lipopolysaccharide. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that IXN enhances NLRP3 inflammasome activation by promoting the accumulation of ATP-induced mtROS and ASC oligomerization to cause IDILI, indicating that IXN may be a risk factor for liver injury caused by the clinical use of Sophora flavescens.

13.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801403

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the impact of high serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations on fertilization and embryo development among infertile women undergoing treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART)? DESIGN: Retrospective study of 1036 infertile women undergoing ART; women were divided into three groups according to serum AMH concentrations: AMH <1.1 ng/ml, 1.1-5.0 ng/ml and >5.0 ng/ml. The fertilization and embryo development rates of patients with different AMH concentrations and after stratification according to age were compared. RESULTS: Women with high AMH concentrations were younger and had higher testosterone concentrations (0.4 ± 0.13 versus 0.3 ± 0.12 versus 0.3 ± 0.08 µg/dl, P < 0.001) than women with low AMH concentrations. However, analysis of the embryo development rate showed negative outcomes for women with high AMH concentrations, including a poor fertilization rate (76.3 ± 17.36 versus 82.1 ± 19.15 versus 82.4 ± 25.38, P = 0.003), and poor day 3 embryo development rate (55.6 ± 23.88 versus 62.6 ± 26.52 versus 62.8 ± 32.65, P = 0.014). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed significantly negative correlations of the AMH concentrations with the fertilization rate (P < 0.001) and day 3 embryo development rate (P = 0.006). Subgroup analysis showed that age 30 years or younger had a significant negative correlation with AMH and the embryo development rate, including the fertilization rate (P < 0.001) and day 3 embryo development rate (P = 0.037). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that high serum AMH concentrations, contributing to a hyperandrogenic environment and leading to decreased oocyte developmental competence, may have a negative impact on fertilization and the early stage of embryo development in women undergoing treatment with ART.

14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789920

RESUMO

Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), a key pro-inflammatory cytokine, is majorly produced by macrophages through NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, which has been identified as the culprit to deteriorate the inflammatory crosstalk between macrophages and adipocytes. Ainsliadimer C (AC) is a disesquiterpenoid isolated from Ainsliaea macrocephala. In the current study, we investigated the effects of AC on adipose tissue inflammation in co-culture of macrophages and adipocytes in vitro as well as in LPS-treated mice in vivo. We showed that AC (20-80 µM) dose-dependently inhibited the secretion of IL-1ß from LPS plus ATP-stimulated THP-1 macrophages by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. Furthermore, we found that AC treatment activated NAD+-dependent deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), resulting in reduced acetylation level of NLRP3. Molecular modeling analysis revealed that binding of AC to sirtuin-activating compound-binding domain increased the affinity of the substrate to the catalytic domain of SIRT1. Moreover, AC (80 µM) significantly attenuated macrophage-conditioned medium-induced inflammatory responses in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In LPS-induced acute inflammatory mice, administration of AC (20, 60 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) for 5 days significantly suppressed the pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in serum and epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT), attenuated macrophage infiltration into eWAT, and mitigated adipose tissue inflammation. The beneficial effects of AC were blocked by co-administration of a selective SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 (10 mg·kg-1·d-1). Taken together, AC suppresses NLRP3-mediated IL-1ß secretion through activating SIRT1, leading to attenuated inflammation in macrophages and adipose tissue, which might be a candidate to treat obesity-associated metabolic diseases.

15.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies reporting on robot-assisted surgery (RAS) in mandibular contouring surgery are lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to follow up on the effectiveness and safety of RAS for craniofacial bone surgery over a long-term period. METHODS: This small sample, early phase, prospective, randomized controlled study included patients diagnosed with mandibular deformity requiring mandibular contouring surgery. Patients of both genders aged 18-30 years without complicated craniofacial repair defects were enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio by a permuted-block randomized assignments list generated by the study statistician. The primary outcomes were the positioning accuracy and angle accuracy of the osteotomy plane 1 week after surgery. Surgical auxiliary measurement index, patient satisfaction scale, surgical pain scale, perioperative period, and complications at 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months after surgery were also analyzed. RESULTS: One patient was lost to follow-up, resulting in a total of 14 patients in the traditional surgery group and 15 in the robot-assisted group (mean [SD] age, 22.65 [3.60] years). Among the primary outcomes, there was a significant difference in the positioning accuracy (2.91mm vs. 1.65mm; P < 0.01) and angle accuracy (13.26º vs. 4.85º; P < 0.01) between the two groups. Secondary outcomes did not significantly differ. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to traditional surgery, robot-assisted mandibular contouring surgery showed improved precision in bone shaving, as well as higher safety.

16.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 252: 109244, 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785368

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are increasingly used in our daily life and have become a potential environmental hazard. However, the toxic effects of AgNPs on the early stages of fish are not fully understood, and little is known about their effects on specific types of ionocytes. Using zebrafish embryos as a model, this study examined the effects (changes in cell number, morphology, NH4+ secretion and gene expression) of sublethal concentrations of AgNPs (0.1, 1, and 3 mg/L) on two major types of ionocytes: H+ pump-rich (HR) ionocytes, and Na+ pump-rich (NaR) ionocytes in the skin of embryos. After exposure to AgNPs for 96 h, the number of HR ionocytes significantly declined by 30% and 41% in the 1 and 3 mg/L AgNP groups, respectively. In addition, the apical opening of HR ionocytes became smaller, suggesting that AgNPs impaired the critical structure for ion transport. NH4+ secretion by HR ionocytes of embryos also declined significantly after AgNP exposure. In contrast, the number of NaR ionocytes increased by 29% and 43% in the 1 and 3 mg/L AgNP groups, respectively, while these cells deformed their shape. AgNPs altered mRNA levels of several ion channel and transporter genes involved in the functions of HR ionocytes and NaR ionocytes, and influenced hormone genes involved in regulating calcium homeostasis. This study shows that AgNPs can cause differential adverse effects on two types of ionocytes and the effects can threaten fish survival.

17.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(5): 2061-2072, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790374

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal tumors. Evidence has pointed to the fact that miRNAs play critical roles in the occurrence, development, and metastasis of gastric cancer by regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and invasion. Methods: In this study, first the relationship of miR-873-5p level and tissues types/LN(+/-)/metastasis(+/-)/tumor size was analysis, respectively. Second, the CCK8 and Transwell assay was used to determine the proliferation, invasion and migration of GC cells transfected with overexpression-/low expression-miR-873-5p. Third, the cell viability were analysis in the GC cells transfected with overexpression-/low expression-miR-873-5p treatment with different chemotherapy drugs. Fourth, the target gene of miR-873-5p was predicted using bioinformation methods. Fifth, the relationship of miR-873-5p with target gene-THUMPD1 were explored by using Wb and luciferase activity assay, et al. Results: We confirmed that miR-873-5p was negatively correlated with GC including tumor size, LN metastasis, distant metastasis. The miR-873-5p enhanced the sensitivity of Doxorubicin/Fluorouracil and cisplatin. The THUMPD1 was the target gene of miR-873-5p. Moreover, miR-873-5p could target the THUMPD1 axis so as to inhibit gastric cancer cell behavior as well as chemoresistance. Conclusions: MiR-873-5p plays a role in regulating cell behavior as well as regulating chemoresistance in gastric cancer. In addition, THUMPD1, as a downstream molecule of miR-873-5p, plays an important role in the cell behavior and chemoresistance of gastric cancer. The research first confirmed that miR-873-5p could inhibit gastric cancer cell behavior and chemoresistance by targeting the THUMPD1.

18.
Indoor Air ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796997

RESUMO

We hypothesized that exposure to polluting fuels for cooking was associated with abnormality of glucose metabolism and diabetes mellitus (DM) in south urban China. 3414 residents were surveyed in 14 urban areas of Guangdong Province in 2018. We recorded polluting fuels for cooking exposure, different DM status (DM, prediabetes), fasting blood glucose (FBG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ), and other covariates by using a structured questionnaire. We conducted logistic regression model and multivariate linear regression model based on propensity-score method (inverse probability of weighting) to examine the effect of polluting fuels for cooking exposure on DM and glucose metabolism. Exposure to polluting fuels for cooking was associated with DM (odds ratio: 2.57, 95% confidence interval: 1.71 to 3.86) and prediabetes (odds ratio: 1.98, 95% confidence interval: 1.52 to 2.58) in both the adjusted and unadjusted models (all p < 0.05). Exposure to polluting fuels for cooking was significantly associated with an increase of FBG (ß: 0.30 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval: 0.22 to 0.38 mmol/L). Sensitivity analysis showed that the results were not substantially changed. There was an increased risk of DM, prediabetes and high levels of FBG, OGTT, and HbA1c among participants aged ≥ 40 years with exposure to polluting fuels for cooking. We demonstrated that exposure to polluting fuels for cooking was associated with higher levels of FBG, which contributed to the increased risk of DM and prediabetes in middle-aged elderly Chinese population living in urban areas.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769646

RESUMO

Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a common hospital-acquired infection. It causes patients to stay longer in the hospital and increases medical costs. This study explores the effect of applying an automatic medical information system to implement five-item prevention care bundles on the prevention of ventilator-related pneumonia. This study was a retrospective cohort study. This study was conducted from October 2017 to February 2018 and collected data from the intensive care unit of a medical center in southern Taiwan from January 2013 to May 2016. The control group (enrolled from January 2013 to June 2014) received oral hygiene. The experimental group (enrolled from July 2014 to December 2015) received five-item ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention care bundles, which consisted of (1) elevation of the head of the bed to 30-45°; (2) daily oral care with 0.12-0.2% chlorhexidine twice daily; (3) daily assessment of readiness to extubate; (4) daily sedative interruption; and (5) emptying water from the respirator tube. Results showed the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the bundle group was significantly less than the oral hygiene group (p = 0.029). The factors that significantly affected the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia were ventilator-associated pneumonia care bundle, ventilator-days, and intensive care unit length of stay. A significant reduction in ventilator-associated pneumonia rate in the bundle group compared to the oral hygiene group (OR = 0.366, 95% CI = 0.159-0.840) was observed, with 63.4% effectiveness. Application of an automatic medical information system to implement bundle care can significantly reduce the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia.


Assuntos
Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Appl Nurs Res ; 62: 151518, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses practicing in long-term care or rehabilitation settings face unique challenges from prolonged or repeated exposure to stressors, given their extended time with patients. This puts them at risk for compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress, which can lead to decreased resilience and sleep problems. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine relationships among resilience, professional quality of life, sleep, and demographics in nurses working in long-term care or rehabilitation settings, and to investigate whether demographics, professional quality of life, and sleep quality are significant predictors of nurses' resilience. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used the following measures: demographics, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL). Data were analyzed with SPSS v25. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations, and multiple regression. RESULTS: Participants (N = 120) were mostly female (85%) and registered nurses (90%). Mean scores were 52.13 for resilience and 7.53 for sleep quality. Mean ProQOL subscale scores were 41.78 for compassion satisfaction, 22.28 for compassion fatigue, and 23.92 for secondary traumatic stress. Multiple regression models showed that compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress significantly predicted resilience (ß = 0.69, ß = -0.61, and ß = -0.34, respectively, all p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Resilience is important in nurses' personal and professional lives because it helps to protect nurses from the negative consequences of stressors. Strategies, resources, and workplace support can promote self-care and resilience.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Assistência de Longa Duração , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
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