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1.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(1): 34-38, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of obesity on the onset of spontaneous labor, scheduled delivery rates and perinatal outcomes in term pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 242 obese and 244 non-obese pregnant women ≥37 gestational weeks were compared in terms of the onset of spontaneous labor, scheduled delivery rates and perinatal outcomes. RESULTS: Obese pregnant women had statistically significantly lower onset of spontaneous labor and higher rates of scheduled delivery. No difference was determined in respect of the type of delivery, 1st and 5th minutes APGAR scores and the need for intensive care. Higher values of birth weight, large for gestational age, macrosomia, gestational diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia were determined in obese women. CONCLUSION: The onset of spontaneous labor rates in term obese pregnancies were lower and scheduled delivery rates were higher than in the non-obese pregnancies. However, more extensive studies are needed to better understand this relationship.

2.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-5, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928249

RESUMO

Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) remains a clinical dilemma. Helium-Neon (He-Ne) laser irradiation has recently become more popular under certain clinical conditions. Given the unique therapeutic effects, we were interested in determining whether pretreatment with He-Ne laser irradiation prior to frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) would improve the microcirculation and cause the release of growth factors and cytokines, thus improving endometrial receptivity and the clinical pregnancy rates. Patients chose for themselves whether to proceed with (n = 29) or without (n = 31) pretreatment with He-Ne laser irradiation prior to FET. The clinical pregnancy rate (37.9%) and implantation rate (20.3%) were higher in the laser-treatment group than in the control group (35.5% and 15.9%, respectively, p = .844 and .518, respectively). The live birth rate was higher in the laser-treatment group (27.6% vs. 25.8%, respectively, p = .876) and the miscarriage rate was lower in the laser-treatment group (18.2% and 27.3%, respectively, p = .611). No side effects or complications from laser irradiation were encountered in patients who received the laser treatment. We concluded that pretreatment with He-Ne laser prior to FET may be an alternative choice for RIF-affected women; however, additional well-designed prospective studies are necessary to determine the precise clinical value of this treatment.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803144

RESUMO

Background: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation has been reported to have beneficial effects on the in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes of patients with poor ovarian response or diminished ovarian reserve. The Patient-Oriented Strategies Encompassing IndividualizeD Oocyte Number (POSEIDON) stratification is a set of newly established criteria for low prognosis patients. The aim of this study was to examine the potential effects of DHEA supplementation on the IVF outcomes of patients who fulfill the POSEIDON group 4 criteria. Methods: This retrospective cohort study investigated 297 cycles that fulfilled the POSEIDON group 4 criteria and underwent IVF treatment using the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol. The study group contained 159 cycles that received DHEA (30 mg three times per day) daily for 12 weeks before their IVF cycles. The control group included 138 cycles that underwent IVF cycles but did not receive DHEA. The baseline characteristics and cycle parameters as well as the IVF outcomes of both groups were compared. Results: In terms of baseline characteristics, more previous IVF attempts and lower AMH levels were found in the study group than in the control group. Regarding IVF outcomes, patients in the study group had significantly higher follicular oocyte index and higher numbers of retrieved oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, fertilized oocytes, day 3 embryos and top-quality day 3 embryos than those in the control group. Besides, a higher cumulative pregnancy rate and lower cancellation rate were observed in the study group than in the control group although clinical pregnancy rate, live birth rate, and cumulative live birth rate did not differ between the two groups. Whether patients are aged ≤ 40 years or aged > 40, higher numbers of oocytes and embryos were observed in the study group than in the control group. In patients aged > 40, cumulative pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the study group than in the control group. Conclusions: Our data suggest that DHEA supplementation might increase both oocyte and embryo yields, as well as cumulative pregnancy rates, in patients fulfilling the POSEIDON group 4 criteria.

4.
Theranostics ; 9(22): 6631-6645, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588240

RESUMO

Rationale: Tumor angiogenesis promotes tumor development, progression, growth, and metastasis. Metronomic chemotherapy involves the frequent administration of low-dose chemotherapeutic agents to block angiogenic activity and reduce side effects. Methods: MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with various concentrations of artemisinin (ART) and vinorelbine (NVB) and the cytotoxic effects of ART/NVB were determined using the CCK-8 assay. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential (∆Ψm) and mass were assessed using MitoSOX, TMRE and MitoTracker green staining. Western blot analysis was used to quantify the expression of autophagy-related proteins. Herein, by using bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification, we identified CREB as a master in MDA-MB-231 cells. Results: We found that artemisinin (ART), which exhibits anti-angiogenic and anti-cancer effects via mitochondrial regulation, synergized with vinorelbine (NVB) to inhibit MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation. ART and NVB cooperated to regulate mitochondrial biogenesis. CREB acted as a crucial regulator of PGC1α and VEGF, which played critical roles in NVB-dependent growth factor depletion. Moreover, CREB suppression significantly reversed mitochondrial dysfunction following ART/NVB co-treatment. In addition, combination treatment with ART and NVB significantly suppressed tumor growth in a nude mouse xenograft model, with downregulated CREB and PGC1α expression levels observed in tumor biopsies, in agreement with our in vitro and ex vivo data. Conclusions: These findings support the hypothesis that ART affects cancer and endothelial cells by targeting the auto-paracrine effects of VEGF to suppress mitochondrial biogenesis, angiogenesis, and migration between cancer cells and endothelial cells.

5.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 58(5): 633-639, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The number of infertile women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles has increased annually. Due to this competitive environment, we designed a questionnaire and aimed to investigate factors affecting the choice of reproductive medicine center among infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study that analyzed questionnaires provided by the reproductive medicine center of the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital from January 2018 to June 2018. In the questionnaire, there are six categories (environment and equipment, service quality, patient safety, medical quality, information acquisition channel and other) and 36 items. The identified factors were scored and then weighted using principal component analysis. RESULTS: Most of the 100 identified infertile women were aged 31-35 years, were married 1-3 years, and had a university education level. In the weight analysis, "Clean outpatient clinic and medical equipment" had the greatest weight in the dimension of environment and equipment. The item with the greatest weight in the dimension of service quality was "Waiting time for registration, charging, and receiving medicine". In the dimension of patient safety, "Privacy is highly respected by medical personnel" had the highest weight. The item with the greatest weight in the dimension of medical quality was "Success rate of reproductive medicine center". The three items with the highest weights in the dimension of information acquisition channel were "Newspapers and magazines", "TV media", and "Facebook page and website of our hospital". In the other dimensions, the two with the greatest weights were "Reputation of the hospital" and "Reputation of physicians". CONCLUSION: In the infertile couples' view, optimal reproductive medicine centers should have a high success rate and great reputation on the internet and in mass media. Additionally, a short waiting time and high levels of privacy and confidentiality are also imperative.

6.
Prz Menopauzalny ; 18(2): 116-122, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488961

RESUMO

The climacteric is considered a natural phase in a woman's aging process and is defined as the period starting from the decline in ovarian activity until after the end of ovarian function. Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) is commonly observed in menopausal women and is characterised by a collection of symptoms resulting from changes to the internal and external genitalia as well as the lower urinary tract. Several studies have demonstrated the close association between sexual dysfunction and symptoms related to GSM. Many medications, at different doses, have been studied over the years for the treatment of the symptoms of GSM. More specifically, ultralow-dose intravaginal oestriol and intravaginal dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) are reported to improve symptoms, signs, and quality of life of women with GSM, and they are safe owing to their specific local effect. While the dosage and the administration of intravaginal DHEA are well defined, the literature on intravaginal oestriol is less uniform: different doses and times of administration are proposed with different possible combinations with other non-pharmacological therapies, although a more standardised treatment may be necessary. The aim of this review is to summarise the available data about the effects of ultralow-concentration oestriol and intravaginal DHEA on the menopause-related symptoms, quality of life, and sexual function of women affected by GSM.

7.
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-7, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373525

RESUMO

Purpose: Relational and sexual problems are frequent in patients with a diagnosis of gynecological cancer, because this disease has a strong negative impact on female identity and sexuality. Psychological and sexual functioning is affected by inauspicious diagnosis. Furthermore, therapies may compromise reproductive function. The aim of this study is to propose a general overview on the impact of gynecological cancer on quality of life and psychological and sexual functioning, as well as on the importance of adequate counseling related to fertility preservation techniques. Materials and methods: We provide a narrative overview of the recent literature about quality of life and fertility preservation counselling in women with gynecological cancer. Results and conclusions: According to recent studies, 75% of women between 18 and 45 years with a diagnosis of cancer wish to have children. When cancer affects the reproductive system, the psychological distress is even stronger because there is a loss of menstrual function and fertility. Currently, fertility preservation techniques in women with gynecological cancer are beneficial and lead to an improvement in the quality of life.

8.
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-5, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466493

RESUMO

Purpose: Women with endometriosis represent a significant proportion of all outpatient gynecological consultations. Endometriosis is a benign chronic condition characterized by the spreading of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus. A correlation between endometriosis and infertility has been strongly underlined in the literature about the topic: recent data suggest that up to 50% of women with infertility may suffer from this disease. The aim of this brief commentary is to focus the attention on the importance of a multidisciplinary approach for patients with endometriosis, including an accurate psychological and sexological counselling. Materials and Methods: We propose a brief point of view about a multidisciplinary approach in the treatment of endometriosis and associated infertility. Results and conclusions: Endometriosis is associated to a worse quality of life. Women with endometriosis also report higher levels of psychological conditions such as anxiety and depression. For this reason, an integrative approach is strongly advisable in order to improve social functions and mental health of these women and their partners. This may allow a more correct therapeutic management of these patients, reducing the potential negative impact of the disease on the mental wellbeing of the couple.

9.
Curr Pharm Des ; 25(22): 2467-2473, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy, represents one of the most common maternal-fetal complications during pregnancy and it is associated with poor perinatal outcomes. To date, GDM is a rising condition over the last decades coinciding with the ongoing epidemic of obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to discuss the role of diet and nutritional interventions in preventing GDM with the explanation of the special role of myo-inositol (MI) in this matter. METHODS: We performed an overview of the most recent literature data on the subject with particular attention to the effectiveness of diet and nutritional interventions in the prevention of GDM with the special role of MI. RESULTS: Nutritional intervention and physical activity before and during pregnancy are mandatory in women affected by GDM. Moreover, the availability of insulin-sensitizers such as different forms of inositol has dramatically changed the scenario, allowing the treatment of several metabolic diseases, such as those related to glucose dysbalance. Although the optimal dose, frequency, and form of MI administration need to be further investigated, diet supplementation with MI appears to be an attractive alternative for the GDM prevention as well as for the reduction of GDM-related complications. CONCLUSIONS: More studies should be conducted to prove the most effective nutritional intervention in GDM. Regarding the potential effectiveness of MI, further evidence in multicenter, randomized controlled trials is needed to draw firm conclusions.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035447

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer comprises one of the three major malignant tumor types in the female reproductive system. The mortality rate of this cancer is the highest among all gynecological tumors, with ovarian cancer metastasis constituting an important cause of death. Therefore, markers for disease prediction and prognosis are highly desirable for early diagnosis as well as for helping optimize and personalize treatment. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs), which consist of short-sequence RNAs that do not encode a protein, have emerged as new biomarkers in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. By pairing with bases specific to the target messenger RNA (mRNA), miRNAs cause degradation of the target mRNA or inhibit its translation, thereby regulating various cellular processes including cell proliferation and adhesion. Increasing numbers of studies have shown that miRNA expression abnormality plays an important role in the development of ovarian cancer. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of miRNA action, current research regarding their role in the suppression or promotion of ovarian cancer, and their use as markers for diagnosis of prognosis or as therapeutic targets for this disease. Finally, we present future perspectives regarding the clinical management of ovarian cancer and the role for miRNAs therein.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
11.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 58(3): 396-400, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), possibly resulting from fetal hypoxia, is a respiratory distress disorder in the infant. Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) can cause placental dysfunction and lead to fetal hypoxia, which may induce the development of MAS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the association between PIH and MAS and to identify the predictive risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. We selected patients with newly diagnosed PIH and a matched cohort group from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), from January 1, 2000 till December 31, 2013. For each patient in the PIH cohort, 4 subjects without PIH, matched for age and year of delivery, were randomly selected as the comparison cohort. The incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome was assessed in both groups. RESULTS: Among the 23.3 million individuals registered in the NHIRD, 29,013 patients with PIH and 116,052 matched controls were identified. Patients who experienced PIH had a higher incidence of MAS than did those without PIH. According to a multivariate analysis, PIH (odds ratio [OR] = 1.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49-1.93, p < 0.0001) was independently associated with increased risk of MAS. Additionally, age ≥30 years (OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.12-1.42, p = 0.0001), nulliparity (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 1.01-1.27, p = 0.0367) and patients with diabetes mellitus (OR = 3.09, 95% CI = 1.35-7.09, p = 0.0078) were also independent risk factors of MAS. CONCLUSION: Patients with PIH obtained higher subsequent risk for the development of MAS than those without PIH. Besides, age ≥30 years, nulliparity and patients with diabetes mellitus are the independent risk factors of developing MAS.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
12.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 58(2): 261-265, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Neonatal candidiasis is a leading infectious cause of significant morbidity and mortality in premature birth mainly due to impaired physical barriers and immature immune system of fetus. Maternal pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) has been reported to be able to disturb the neonatal immune system, which could cause the increased possibility of neonatal infection. Therefore, we hypothesized that maternal PIH may increase the risk of neonatal candidiasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether PIH increased the risk of neonatal candidiasis and identify the predictive risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PIH between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013 were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). For each patient in the PIH cohort, 4 subjects without PIH, matched for age and year of delivery, were randomly selected as the comparison cohort. A Cox proportional regression model was used to estimate the risks of neonatal candidiasis in both cohorts. RESULTS: Among the 23.3 million individuals registered in the NHIRD, 29,013 patients with PIH and 116,052 matched controls were identified. Patients with PIH had a higher incidence of neonatal candidiasis than did those without PIH. According to the multivariate analysis, PIH (odds ratio [OR] = 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11-3.19, p < 0.0228), single parity (OR = 1.91, 95% CI = 1.00-3.65, p < 0.0499), and preterm birth (OR = 3.57, 95% CI = 1.84-6.93, p = 0.0002) were independent risk factors for the development of neonatal candidiasis. CONCLUSION: Patients who had a history of PIH was associated with an increased risk of having infants who develop neonatal candidiasis compared with those without PIH. Additionally, preterm birth was an independent risk factor for the development of neonatal candidiasis.


Assuntos
Candidíase/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Doenças do Prematuro/epidemiologia , Adulto , Candidíase/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Paridade , Vigilância da População , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
13.
J Clin Med ; 7(10)2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30241351

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction is related to reproductive decline in humans, with consequences for in vitro fertilization (IVF). We assessed whether dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) could regulate mitochondrial homeostasis and mitophagy of cumulus cells (CCs) in poor ovarian responders (PORs). A total of 66 women who underwent IVF treatment at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital were included in this study. Twenty-eight normal ovarian responders (NOR) and 38 PORs were enrolled. PORs were assigned to receive DHEA supplementation (n = 19) or not (n = 19) before IVF cycles. DHEA prevents mitochondrial dysfunction by decreasing the activation of DNM1L and MFF, and increasing MFN1 expression. Downregulation of PINK1 and PRKN occurred after DHEA treatment, along with increased lysosome formation. DHEA not only promoted mitochondrial mass but also improved mitochondrial homeostasis and dynamics in the CCs of POR. We also observed effects of alterations in mRNAs known to regulate mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy in the CCs of POR. DHEA may prevent mitochondrial dysfunction through regulating mitochondrial homeostasis and mitophagy.

14.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 16(1): 90, 2018 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is now widely used as an adjuvant for in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in poor ovarian responders (PORs). Several studies showed that DHEA supplementation could improve IVF outcomes of PORs. However, most of the PORs do not respond to DHEA clinically. Therefore, the aim of this study is to confirm the beneficial effects of DHEA on IVF outcomes of PORs and to investigate which subgroups of PORs can best benefit from DHEA supplementation. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was performed between January 2015 and December 2017. A total of 151 PORs who fulfilled the Bologna criteria and underwent IVF cycles with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol were identified. The study group (n = 67) received 90 mg of DHEA daily for an average of 3 months before the IVF cycles. The control group (n = 84) underwent the IVF cycles without DHEA pretreatment. The basic and cycle characteristics and IVF outcomes between the two groups were compared using independent t-tests, Chi-Square tests and binary logistic regression. RESULTS: The study and control groups did not show significant differences in terms of basic characteristics. The study group demonstrated a significantly greater number of retrieved oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, fertilized oocytes, day 3 embryos and top-quality embryos at day 3 and a higher clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate and live birth rate than those measures in the control group. The multivariate analysis revealed that DHEA supplementation was positively associated with clinical pregnancy rate (OR = 4.93, 95% CI 1.68-14.43, p = 0.004). Additionally, in the study group, the multivariate analysis showed that serum dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S) levels < 180 µg/dl were significantly associated with a rate of retrieved oocytes > 3 (OR = 5.92, 95% CI 1.48-23.26, p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: DHEA supplementation improves IVF outcomes of PORs. In PORs with DHEA pretreatment, women with lower DHEA-S level may have greater possibility of attaining more than 3 oocytes.


Assuntos
Desidroepiandrosterona/uso terapêutico , Fertilização In Vitro , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Recuperação de Oócitos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 13: 110-115, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177036

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) increased the risk of subsequent heart failure (HF) and identify possible risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of heart failure. RESULTS: Among the 23.3 million individuals registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan, 29,186 patients with HDP and 116,744 matched controls were identified. The overall incidence of HF was greater in the HDP group than it was in the control group (9.83 vs. 1.67 per 10,000 person-years), with a significant incidence rate ratio (IRR = 5.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.84-5.92, p < 0.0001). When stratified by age, parity, gestational age, gestational number, and follow-up years, the IRR for subsequent HF remained significantly higher in the HDP group in all stratifications. Additionally, the Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that the cumulative incidence rate of HF was higher in the HDP group than it was in the control group. The Cox proportional-hazard model analysis showed that in addition to HDP, single parity, preterm and hypertension were independent risk factors for developing HF. Moreover, HF was more likely to develop within 5 years post-partum. Among patients with a history of HDP, the Cox proportional-hazard model showed that severe forms of HDP and increased HDP occurrences were independently associated with the subsequent development of HF. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who have experienced HDP presented an increased risk for developing HF later in life. Moreover, among individuals with a history of HDP, those with severe forms of HDP or recurrent HDP displayed an increased subsequent risk of HF.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Gravidez , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
16.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 57(4): 546-550, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30122576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) and to identify the predictive risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women with a newly diagnosed PIH (between 2000 and 2013) from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) were compared with a matched (with respect to age and year of delivery) cohort of pregnant women without PIH. The occurrence of TTN was evaluated in both cohorts. RESULTS: Among the 23.3 million individuals registered in the NHIRD, 29,013 patients with PIH and 116,052 matched controls were identified. According to a multivariate analysis, PIH (odds ratio [OR] = 1.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.69-2.03, p < 0.0001), age ≥ 30 years (OR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.26-1.51, p < 0.0001), primiparity (OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.24-1.5, p < 0.0001), preterm birth (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 3.09-3.75, p < 0.0001), multiple births (OR = 2.54, 95% CI = 2.24-2.89, p < 0.0001), and cesarean section (OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.56-1.88, p < 0.0001) were independent risk factors for the development of TTN. CONCLUSION: Women with PIH have an increased risk of having infants who develop TTN compared with those without PIH. Additionally, age ≥30 years, primiparity, preterm birth, multiple births, and cesarean section were independent risk factors for the development of TTN.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Taquipneia Transitória do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Idade Materna , Razão de Chances , Paridade , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(31): e11739, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075587

RESUMO

The utero-placental ischemia induced by pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) could lead to fetal hypoxia and proinflammatory cytokine release, which are associated with the development of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). However, a few studies have investigated the relationship between PIH and neonatal NEC and have produced controversial results. Therefore, we attempted to assess the relationship between PIH and the subsequent neonatal NEC risk and identify predictive risk factors.Patients with newly diagnosed PIH were recruited from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). For each participant, 4 age- and delivery-year-matched participants without PIH were randomly selected. A multivariable logistic regression was performed for the identification of the predictive risk factors for neonatal NEC.Among the 23.3 million individuals registered in the NHIRD, 29,013 patients with PIH and 116,052 matched controls were identified. For the multivariable analysis, maternal PIH was associated with an increased risk of subsequent neonatal NEC development (odds ratio [OR] 1.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08-3.21, P = .026). Furthermore, single parity (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.12-3.77, P = .019), preterm birth (OR 5.97, 95% CI 3.49-10.20, P < .001), multiple gestations (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.22-4.14, P = .010), and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) (OR 3.59, 95% CI 2.06-6.24, P < .001) were independent risk factors for the development of subsequent neonatal NEC.Maternal PIH increases the risk for developing neonatal NEC. Furthermore, primiparity, preterm birth, multiple gestations, and IUGR were independent risk factors for neonatal NEC.


Assuntos
Enterocolite Necrosante/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Adulto , Comorbidade , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
18.
Adv Ther ; 35(6): 847-856, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869107

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Luteal phase ovarian stimulation (LPOS) has been proven a feasible protocol for infertile patients. High progesterone level in the luteal phase could physiologically inhibit premature luteinizing hormone surge, from which poor ovarian responders (PORs) could obtain benefits. Therefore, we aimed to compare clinical outcomes between LPOS and follicular phase ovarian stimulation (FPOS) protocol in PORs undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: This prospective pilot study was performed at one tertiary center from January 2016 to October 2017. A total of 60 PORs who met Bologna criteria and undergoing IVF were enrolled. Thirty PORs were allocated to the LPOS group and 30 PORs were allocated to the FPOS group. Basic characteristics, cycle characteristics, and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The length of stimulation was significantly longer in the LPOS group than in the FPOS group. The numbers of retrieved oocytes, metaphase II oocytes, fertilized oocytes, and day-3 embryos were significantly higher in the LPOS group than in the FPOS group. Conversely, we could not find any significant difference for clinical pregnancy rate, ongoing pregnancy rate, abortion rate, and cancellation rate. The multivariate analysis showed that only LPOS (p = 0.007) was significantly associated the possibility to retrieve three or more oocytes, whereas basal follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) < 8 IU/l (p = 0.103) and antral follicle count (AFC) ≥ 3 (p = 0.143) did not significantly affect this event. CONCLUSION: LPOS allows improved oocyte retrieval and oocyte quality in PORs with respect to FPOS, despite comparable pregnancy outcomes. LPOS may be considered a feasible option for oocytes accumulation in PORs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03238833.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/administração & dosagem , Infertilidade Feminina , Fase Luteal/fisiologia , Recuperação de Oócitos/métodos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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