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1.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(2): 216-221, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385028

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (NCE-MRA) on a 3.0T scanner. Methods Totally 36 volunteers and 24 patients with clinically suspected coronary artery disease underwent NCE-MRA. The quality of the NCE-MRA images was graded for each segment on a four-point scale. The subjects were divided into two groups according to image quality. The age,body mass index (BMI),heart rate,end-expiratory diaphragm displacement,and respiratory diaphragm motion amplitude were evaluated and compared. Results The average image quality score of every segment was above 2 points. The proximal and middle segments of left anterior descending artery had significantly higher quality scores than the distal segments (P=0.000) and the proximal segment of left circumflex coronary artery had significantly higher quality scores than the distal segments (P=0.000),the proximal segment of right coronary artery also had a significant higher quality score than its distal segment (P=0.001). The image quality was good in 38 subjects (64.4%). The heart rate [(66.35±9.39) beat/min vs. (75.32±11.67) beat/min] (P=0.002) and the body mass index [(24.72±3.33) kg/m 2 vs. (27.82±3.61) kg/m 2] (P=0.002) were significantly different between the good image quality group and the poor image quality group. The end-expiratory diaphragm displacement in good image quality group was (4.43±2.07)mm,which was significantly lower than that in poor image quality group [(9.26±7.62)mm](P=0.013). The respiratory diaphragm motion amplitude [(21.35±6.02) mm] in good image quality group was significantly lower than that in poor image quality group [(30.68±14.20)mm](P=0.012). Conclusion NCE-MRA on 3.0T is a feasible tool for visualization of the proximal and middle segments of coronary arteries,and the image quality can be optimized by controlling heart rate and respiration in the future.

2.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 24, 2020 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many healthcare workers were infected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) early in the epidemic posing a big challenge for epidemic control. Hence, this study aims to explore perceived infection routes, influencing factors, psychosocial changes, and management procedures for COVID-19 infected healthcare workers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, single hospital-based study. We recruited all 105 confirmed COVID-19 healthcare workers in the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from February 15 to 29, 2020. All participants completed a validated questionnaire. Electronic consent was obtained from all participants. Perceived causes of infection, infection prevention, control knowledge and behaviour, psychological changes, symptoms and treatment were measured. RESULTS: Finally, 103 professional staff with COVID-19 finished the questionnaire and was included (response rate: 98.1%). Of them, 87 cases (84.5%) thought they were infected in working environment in hospital, one (1.0%) thought their infection was due to the laboratory environment, and 5 (4.9%) thought they were infected in daily life or community environment. Swab of throat collection and physical examination were the procedures perceived as most likely causing their infection by nurses and doctors respectively. Forty-three (41.8%) thought their infection was related to protective equipment, utilization of common equipment (masks and gloves). The top three first symptoms displayed before diagnosis were fever (41.8%), lethargy (33.0%) and muscle aches (30.1%). After diagnosis, 88.3% staff experienced psychological stress or emotional changes during their isolation period, only 11.7% had almost no emotional changes. Arbidol (Umifenovir; an anti-influza drug; 69.2%) was the drug most commonly used to target infection in mild and moderate symptoms. CONCLUSION: The main perceived mode of transmission was not maintaining protection when working at a close distance and having intimate contact with infected cases. Positive psychological intervention is necessary.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(5): 446-453, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of fluconazole in the prophylaxis of invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data, Weipu, and CNKI were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prophylactic fluconazole in VLBW infants. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of the included studies. RESULTS: A total of 12 RCTs were included, involving 1 679 VLBW infants. The Meta analysis showed that prophylactic fluconazole significantly reduced the incidence of invasive fungal infection (RR=0.44, 95%CI: 0.27-0.71, P<0.001), the incidence of fungal colonization (RR=0.31, 95%CI: 0.24-0.40, P<0.001), and the mortality during hospitalization (RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.58-0.94, P=0.01) compared with the control group. There were no significant differences between VLBW infants using different doses of fluconazole in the incidence of invasive fungal infection and fungal colonization (P>0.05). No significant differences were found in the incidence of fluconazole resistance and complications between the fluconazole and control groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic fluconazole can effectively and safely prevent invasive fungal infection in VLBW infants, even at a small dose.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437140

RESUMO

Singlet fission (SF) materials hold the potential to raise power conversion efficiency of solar cell by reducing thermalization of high-energy excited-states. The major hurdles in realizing this potential is the limited scope of SF-active materials with high fission efficiency, suitable energy-levels, and sufficient chemical stability. Herein, using theoretical calculation and time-resolved spectroscopy, we developed a highly stable SF material based on dipyrrolonaphthyridinedione (DPND), a pyrrole-fused cross-conjugated skeleton with a distinctive dual aromaticity character. The embedded pyrrole ring with 4n+2 π-electron features aromaticity in the ground state, while the dipole resonance of amide bonds promotes a 4n π-electron Baird's aromaticity in the triplet state. Such a dual aromaticity renders the molecule efficient SF process [E(S1) > 2×E(T1)] without compromise of its stability. Up to 173% triplet yield, strong blue-green light absorption, suitable triplet energy of 1.2 eV, as well as excellent stability, make DPND a promising SF sensitizer towards practical application.

5.
Gut ; 69(6): 997-1001, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the GI symptoms in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infected patients. DESIGN: We analysed epidemiological, demographic, clinical and laboratory data of 95 cases with SARS-CoV-2 caused coronavirus disease 2019. Real-time reverse transcriptase PCR was used to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in faeces and GI tissues. RESULTS: Among the 95 patients, 58 cases exhibited GI symptoms of which 11 (11.6%) occurred on admission and 47 (49.5%) developed during hospitalisation. Diarrhoea (24.2%), anorexia (17.9%) and nausea (17.9%) were the main symptoms with five (5.3%), five (5.3%) and three (3.2%) cases occurred on the illness onset, respectively. A substantial proportion of patients developed diarrhoea during hospitalisation, potentially aggravated by various drugs including antibiotics. Faecal samples of 65 hospitalised patients were tested for the presence of SARS-CoV-2, including 42 with and 23 without GI symptoms, of which 22 (52.4%) and 9 (39.1%) were positive, respectively. Six patients with GI symptoms were subjected to endoscopy, revealing oesophageal bleeding with erosions and ulcers in one severe patient. SARS-CoV-2 RNA was detected in oesophagus, stomach, duodenum and rectum specimens for both two severe patients. In contrast, only duodenum was positive in one of the four non-severe patients. CONCLUSIONS: GI tract may be a potential transmission route and target organ of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Trato Gastrointestinal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Trato Gastrointestinal/fisiopatologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia
6.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 7, 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111253

RESUMO

Methodological quality (risk of bias) assessment is an important step before study initiation usage. Therefore, accurately judging study type is the first priority, and the choosing proper tool is also important. In this review, we introduced methodological quality assessment tools for randomized controlled trial (including individual and cluster), animal study, non-randomized interventional studies (including follow-up study, controlled before-and-after study, before-after/ pre-post study, uncontrolled longitudinal study, interrupted time series study), cohort study, case-control study, cross-sectional study (including analytical and descriptive), observational case series and case reports, comparative effectiveness research, diagnostic study, health economic evaluation, prediction study (including predictor finding study, prediction model impact study, prognostic prediction model study), qualitative study, outcome measurement instruments (including patient - reported outcome measure development, content validity, structural validity, internal consistency, cross-cultural validity/ measurement invariance, reliability, measurement error, criterion validity, hypotheses testing for construct validity, and responsiveness), systematic review and meta-analysis, and clinical practice guideline. The readers of our review can distinguish the types of medical studies and choose appropriate tools. In one word, comprehensively mastering relevant knowledge and implementing more practices are basic requirements for correctly assessing the methodological quality.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 571: 126-133, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197154

RESUMO

Efficient energy generation device is desired to couple with soft electronics for driving devices. Due to frequent uses of soft electronics in indoor conditions, flexible fiber-shaped dye-sensitized solar cell (FDSC) is regarded as the most promising energy generation device due to high light-to-electricity conversion maintenance under weak dim light. Using gel electrolyte to assemble FDSC cannot only restrict electrolyte leakage but also improve device flexibility and stability especially under bending conditions. In this study, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-HFP) gel electrolyte is used to fabricate FDSC composed of curled TiO2 nanotube/Ti wire photoanode and Pt counter electrode. It is the first time to control gel electrolyte configuration by adding different PVdF-HFP concentrations, and to optimize iodine concentration in electrolyte regarding to redox ability and electrolyte transmittance. Configuration of gel electrolyte is carefully analyzed to define porous layer and concrete layer of polymer for accumulating liquid electrolyte and inhibiting leakage and evaporation. The highest solar-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 6.32% is obtained for FDSC with 9% PVdF-HFP and 0.04 M I2 in electrolyte, due to well-defined cross-linking structure, abundant redox reactions, and high incident-light illumination through electrolyte. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and intensity-modulated photocurrent/photovoltage spectroscopy are used to analyze charge-transfer resistance and charge-collection efficiency.

8.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 98, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139868

RESUMO

Ferulic acid is a ubiquitous phenolic compound in lignocellulose, which is recognized for its role in the microbial carbon catabolism and industrial value. However, its recalcitrance and toxicity poses a challenge for ferulic acid-to-bioproducts bioconversion. Here, we develop a genome editing strategy for Pseudomonas putida KT2440 using an integrated CRISPR/Cas9n-λ-Red system with pyrF as a selection marker, which maintains cell viability and genetic stability, increases mutation efficiency, and simplifies genetic manipulation. Via this method, four functional modules, comprised of nine genes involved in ferulic acid catabolism and polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis, were integrated into the genome, generating the KTc9n20 strain. After metabolic engineering and optimization of C/N ratio, polyhydroxyalkanoate production was increased to ~270 mg/L, coupled with ~20 mM ferulic acid consumption. This study not only establishes a simple and efficient genome editing strategy, but also offers an encouraging example of how to apply this method to improve microbial aromatic compound bioconversion.

9.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Infecção Hospitalar , Controle de Infecções , Programas de Rastreamento , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Hidratação , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Epidemiologia Molecular , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
10.
Acupunct Med ; : 964528419900781, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the feasibility of evaluating the comparative effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) relative to manual acupuncture (MA) for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in Beijing from September 2017 to January 2018. A total of 60 participants with KOA were randomly allocated to either EA (n = 30) or MA (n = 30) groups. Participants in the EA group were treated with EA at six to seven local traditional acupuncture points or ah shi points, and two to three distal points. Participants in the MA group had the same schedule as the EA group except that the electrical apparatus featured a working power indicator without actual current output, constituting a sham EA procedure, in order to blind participants. Both groups received 24 sessions over 8 weeks. The primary outcome was response rate, defined as a change of ⩾50% from baseline in the total scores of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) after 8 weeks. Secondary outcomes included pain, stiffness, function, quality of life, and acupuncture-related adverse events (AEs) at 4 and 8 weeks. RESULTS: Of 60 participants randomized, 53 (88%) completed the study. Response rates were 43% for the EA group and 30% for the MA group by the intention-to-treat analysis. Although significant differences were observed in WOMAC pain, stiffness, and function scores within both groups, between-group differences at 8 weeks did not reach statistical significance (odds ratio = 1.75 (95% confidence interval = 0.593-5.162)). Rates of AEs were low and similarly distributed between groups. CONCLUSION: Both EA and MA interventions in KOA were feasible and appeared safe. Whether or not EA may have a stronger impact on pain and function requires further evaluation through larger, adequately powered, randomized controlled trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03274713.

11.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 41, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the fast-paced aging and increasing digitalization of society, there has been a growing interest in the effect of mobile device use on cognitive function and depression in older adults. However, research examining this issue among older adults in residential care homes (RCHs) is scant. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the impact of mobile device use on the cognitive function and depressive symptoms of older adults living in RCHs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15). RESULTS: A total of 235 senior residents (aged 82.58 ± 5.54) in four RCHs were surveyed. Users of mobile devices had a significantly higher total MoCA score (25.02 ± 4.14) and a significantly lower GDS-15 score (3.28 ± 2.74) than non-users (MoCA: 19.34 ± 5.21, GDS-15: 4.69 ± 2.90). Multivariate linear regression indicate that mobile device use is significantly associated with total MoCA score, six of the seven sub-scores (visuospatial abilities and execution functions, attention, language, abstraction, delayed recall, and orientation)(P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that mobile device use was significantly associated with the level of depressive symptoms (OR = 0.458, 95%CI = 0.249-0.845). CONCLUSIONS: Use of mobile devices has a significant association with the cognitive function and depressive symptoms of older adults living in RCHs, and thus should be encouraged as a measure to maintain and improve cognition and prevent depression.

12.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 43(2): 357, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903503

RESUMO

The original version of the article unfortunately contained an error in Microalgae strain and culture medium section. Below is the corrected version.

13.
J Psychosom Res ; 130: 109916, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to critically evaluate the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on cancer-related fatigue (CRF). METHODS: A systematic search of eight databases (Web of Science, Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Spring link, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM) was performed, to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to January 2019. Using Cochrane Collaboration criteria, two reviewers critically and independently assessed the risk of bias and extracted correlated data using the designed form. All analyses were performed with Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: In all, fifteen RCTs were included in the systematic review, fourteen of which, consisting of 3008 patients (MBSR, 1502; control, 1506), were included in the meta-analysis. MBSR had a significant effect on fatigue in cancer patients, particularly among lung cancer patients. The meta-analysis also indicated that MBSR could significantly mitigate CRF compared with usual care or no intervention. 8 weeks of MBSR, supervised by experts, had a large effect on CRF. CONCLUSIONS: MBSR is effective for CRF management and can be recommended as a beneficial complementary therapy for CRF patients.

14.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975467

RESUMO

Aromaticity is one of the most basic concepts in organic chemistry. The planar Möbius aromatic metallapentalynes and metallapentalenes have attracted considerable attention in the past few years. However, the aromaticity of metallapentalenes containing heteroatoms (such as B, N, and O), termed as hetero-metallapentalenes, is rarely studied. Herein, the stability and aromaticity of a series of hetero-metallapentalenes are theoretically investigated. The results reveal lower aromaticity in metallaborapentalene, comparable aromaticity in metallazapentalene, and nonaromaticity in metalloxapentalene relative to that of metallapentalene. Moreover, the effect of Lewis bases on the aromaticity and stability of metallaborapentalene is discussed. These results provide useful information for experimental chemists to realize more hetero-metallapentalenes.

15.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 43(2): 347-355, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606754

RESUMO

Porphyridium purpureum is a rich source for producing phycoerythrin (PE); however, the PE content is greatly affected by culture conditions. Researchers have aimed to optimize the cultivation of P. purpureum for accumulation of PE. When traditional optimized culture conditions were used to cultivate P. purpureum, high PE contents were not usually achieved. In this study, an induced cultivation pattern was applied to P. purpureum for PE biosynthesis (i.e., an incremental approach by altering temperatures, light intensities, and nitrate concentrations). Results revealed that the induced pattern greatly improved the PE biosynthesis. The optimized PE content of 229 mg/L was achieved on the 12th cultivation day, which was a maximum PE content within one cultivation period and accounted for approximately 3.05% of the dry biomass. The induced cultivation pattern was highly suitable for PE synthesis in P. purpureum, which provided an important reference value to the large-scale production of PE.

16.
ChemSusChem ; 13(3): 640-646, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758660

RESUMO

Herein, a synthetic pathway to renewable phthalic anhydride (PA) from 5-hydroxymethfurfural (HMF) in one pot is reported. The commonly available catalysts MoO3 and Cu(NO3 )2 play a crucial role in integrating the multiple steps of the reaction, namely decarbonylation of HMF to active furyl intermediate (AFI), oxidation of HMF to maleic anhydride (MA), Diels-Alder cycloaddition of AFI and MA, and subsequent dehydration, in one pot. Under mild reaction conditions, a 63.2 % yield of PA is obtained from HMF. Compared with the currently reported route to renewable PA based on the Diels-Alder cycloaddition of biomass-derived MA and furan, this convenient one-pot synthesis represents a great improvement in efficiency.

17.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 43(4): 701-710, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844973

RESUMO

Currently, some cases about the expression of flavor peptides with microorganisms were reported owing to the obvious advantages of biological expression over traditional methods. However, beefy meaty peptide (BMP), the focus of umami peptides, has neither been concerned in its safe expression nor its overproduction in fermenter. In this study, multi-copy BMP (8BMP) was successfully auto-inducibly expressed and efficiently produced in Bacillus subtilis 168. First, 8BMP was successfully auto-inducibly expressed with srfA promoter in B. subtilis 168. Further, the efficient production of 8BMP was researched in a 5-L fermenter: the fermentation optimized by Pontryagin's maximum principle obtained the highest 8BMP yield (3.16 g/L), which was 1.2 times and 1.8 times than that of two-stage feeding cultivation (2.67 g/L) and constant-rate feeding cultivation (1.75 g/L), respectively. Overall, the auto-inducible expression of 8BMP in B. subtilis and fermentation with Pontryagin's maximum principle are conductive for overproduction of BMP and other peptides.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113821, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884212

RESUMO

Human-induced temperature changes influence coastal regions, both via thermal pollution and ocean warming, which exerts profound effects on the chemistry of metals and the physiology of organisms. However, it remains unknown whether the increased temperature of discharged water or ocean warming, as a result of climate change, lead to an increase of human health risks associated with the consumption of sea foods. In this study, the influence of temperature on metal accumulation by oysters was studied in individuals collected from a coastal area affected by the thermal water discharge of the Houshi Power Plant, China. The bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and oral bioavailability (OBA) of metals in oysters was determined. Elevated temperatures led to an increase in BAF for Cu, Zn, Hg, and Cd (p < 0.05), but no change was observed for As and Pb (p > 0.05). The OBA for Cd, As, and Pb correlated positively to elevated temperatures (p < 0.05). However, for Cu and Zn, OBA was negatively correlated with increasing temperature (p < 0.05). As, Pb, and Cd in the trophically available metal (defined as a sum of heat-stable proteins, heat-denaturable proteins, and organelles) was significantly elevated at the highest temperature seawater site (site A) compared to the lowest seawater site (site B). Thus, the irregular variation of OBA for each metal may be the result of variations in the subcellular distribution of metals and the protein quality influenced by the increased temperature. Moreover, the increased temperature and increased the hazard quotient values of As and Cd (p < 0.05 for As, n = 6, p < 0.05 for Cd, n = 6), which provided an indication of the potential risks of the consumption of oysters or other seafood to future warming under climate change scenarios.

19.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124883, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726606

RESUMO

A coupled algal-osmosis membrane treatment system was studied for recovering potable-quality water from municipal primary effluent. The core components of the system included a mixotrophic algal process for removal of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and nutrients, followed by a hybrid forward osmosis (FO)-reverse osmosis (RO) system for separation of biomass from the algal effluent and production of potable-quality water. Field experiments demonstrated consistent performance of the algal system to meet surface discharge standards for BOD and nutrients within a fed-batch processing time of 2-3 days. The hybrid FO-RO system reached water productivity of 1.57 L/m2-h in FO using seawater as draw solution; and permeate flux of 3.50 L/m2-h in brackish water RO (BWRO) and 2.07 L/m2-h in seawater RO (SWRO) at 2068 KPa. The coupled algal-membrane system achieved complete removal of ammonia, fluoride, and phosphate; over 90% removal of calcium, sulfate, and organic carbon; and 86-89% removal of potassium and magnesium. Broadband characterization using high resolution mass spectrometry revealed extensive removal of organic compounds, particularly wastewater surfactants upon algal treatment. This study demonstrated long-term performance of the FO system at water recovery of 90% and with membrane cleaning by NaOH solution.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Água Potável/análise , Membranas Artificiais , Rodófitas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Purificação da Água/métodos , Filtração/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Osmose , Águas Salinas/química , Água do Mar/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-7, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868553

RESUMO

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of liraglutide on obesity diabetic mice with psoriasiform skin inflammation.Methods: Wild-type mice and db/db mice were randomly divided into five groups (n = 6): including the control group which received Vaseline, the imiquimod (IMQ)-induction group and the liraglutide-treatment group. The advanced treatment with liraglutide (0.3 mg/kg/d) for 4 weeks before IMQ induced psoriatic skin inflammation in the db/db + IMQ + Lira group. Basic parameters of diabetes, PASI, histopathology of skin, the expression of IL-17A, IL-23, IL-22, and TNF-α in the skin of back were measured.Results: After IMQ induction, the psoriatic skin inflammation and pathological changes in the db/db + IMQ group were more serious than those in the WT + IMQ group. The glucose metabolism and insulin resistance of in the db/db + IMQ + Lira group were significantly improved, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) was significantly reduced, and the protein and mRNA expressions of IL-23, IL-17, IL-22, and TNF-α in the back skin tissues were decreased.Conclusions: Liraglutide can improve psoriasis skin lesions of obese diabetic mice, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the expression of IL-23, IL-17, IL-22, and TNF-α through the IL-23/Th-17 pathway.

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