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1.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228964, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049997

RESUMO

Jiaji Duck (JJ) is a Muscovy duck species that possesses many superior characteristics, and it has become an important genetic resource in China. However, to date, its genetic characteristics and genetic relationship with other duck breeds have not been explored yet, which greatly limits the utilization of JJ. In the present study, we investigated the genome sequences of 15 individual ducks representing five different duck populations, including JJ, French Muscovy duck (FF), mallard (YD), hong duck (HD) and Beijing duck (BD). Moreover, we investigated the characteristics of JJ-specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and compared the genome sequences of JJ vs. YD and JJ vs. BD using integrated strategies, including mutation detection, selective screening, and Gene Ontology (GO) analysis. More than 40 Gb of clean data were obtained for each population (mean coverage of 13.46 Gb per individual). A total number of 22,481,367 SNPs and 4,156,829 small insertion-deletions (Indels) were identified for the five duck populations, which could be used as molecular markers in breeding and utilization of JJ. Moreover, we identified 1,447,932 JJ-specific SNPs, and found that genes covering at least one JJ-specific SNP mainly involved in protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, as well as DNA modification. Phylogenetic tree and principal components analysis (PCA) revealed that the genetic relationship of JJ was closest to FF, while it was farthest to BD. A total of 120 and 111 genes were identified as positive selection genes for JJ vs. BD and JJ vs. YD, respectively. GO and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses showed that the positive selection genes for JJ vs. BD ducks mainly involved in pigmentation, muscle contraction and stretch, gland secretion, and immunology, while the positive selection genes obtained from JJ vs. YD ducks mainly involved in embryo development, muscle contraction and stretch, and gland secretion. Taken together, our findings enabled us to better understand the characteristics of JJ and provided a molecular basis for the breeding and hybrid utilization of JJ in the future.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18828, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are the most common complications following chemotherapy and usually lead to decreased quality of life. Acupuncture therapy is an effective method for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), the effects and safety have been observed by many clinicians and demonstrated in a systematic review, which was included in the Cochrane Library in 2014. After several years, new studies have occurred and an updated systematic evaluation is needed. This protocol describes a method for performing a systematic review and meta-analysis to further evaluate the beneficial effects and safety of acupuncture for CINV. METHODS: A searching strategy will be carried out mainly in eight databases in English and Chinese, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database, the Wanfang database, China Doctoral Dissertations Full-text Database, and China Master's Theses Full-text Database. Only randomized controlled trials related to acupuncture for CINV will be included to enhance the effectiveness. The effective percentage will be used as primary outcome. Changes in the symptoms of nausea and vomiting, like severity, duration, and frequency as well as quality of life will be assessed as secondary outcome. Side effects and adverse events will be used as safety evaluations. To ensure the quality of the systematic evaluation, study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment will be independently performed by 2 authors, and the third author will deal with any disagreement. The Review Manager V.5.3.3 s will be used to perform the data synthesis and subgroup analysis. RESULTS: There are additional studies, further explanations and more subgroup analyses compared with the previous systematic analysis to determine the effects and safety of acupuncture for CINV. CONCLUSION: The result of this systematic review may offer clinicians stronger evidence to assist patient in relieving CINV. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: There is no need to acquire ethical approval for individuals come from literatures instead of recruiting directly. The findings of this review will be reported in peer-reviewed publications and/or presented at relevant conferences TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:: CRD42016045223.

3.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare renal sinus fat volume (RSFV) separately within the right and left kidneys between bilateral nephrolithiasis patients and healthy controls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed patients who underwent unenhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) divided into nephrolithiasis (n = 102) and healthy control (n = 130) groups. Age, sex, blood pressure [systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)], estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), body weight, and height of each participant were extracted. Volumetric renal sinus adipose tissue was measured separately for both kidneys on CT images. Urea, serum creatinine (Scr), uric acid (UA), total serum cholesterol (TCH), serum triglyceride (TG), and serum high- and low-density lipoprotein (HDL and LDL, respectively) cholesterol levels were obtained. RESULTS: Overall, 232 participants (mean age 47 years, 50% women) were enrolled. There were no differences in sex, DBP, urea, and LDL-cholesterol between the two groups (all p > 0.05). However, nephrolithiasis patients had higher age, BMI, SBP, and RSFV; higher Scr, UA, TCH, and TG serum levels; and lower HDL-cholesterol level and eGFR. Average left RSFV was significantly higher than right RSFV in healthy controls (4.56 ± 2.29 versus 3.34 ± 1.90 cm3, p < 0.001). A significant relationship between bilateral RSFV, age, BMI, SBP, and eGFR was noted in bilateral nephrolithiasis patients. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed age, BMI, and LDL-cholesterol to be independent predictors of left RSFV, and only BMI was an independent predictor of right RSFV. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed renal sinus adipose tissue accumulation and the relationship among RSFV, age, BMI, and LDL-cholesterol in bilateral nephrolithiasis patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of level 4 (L4) lymph node dissection (LND) on overall survival (OS) in left-side resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with the aim of guiding lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A total of 1929 patients with left-side NSCLC who underwent R0 resection between 2001 and 2014 were included in the study. The patients were divided into a group with L4 LND (L4 LND+) and a group without L4 LND (L4 LND-). Propensity score matching was applied to minimize selection bias. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used to assess the impact of L4 LND on OS. RESULTS: A total of 317 pairs were matched. Of the cohort of patients, 20.3% (391/1929) had L4 LND. Of these patients, 11.8% (46/391) presented with L4 lymph node metastasis. L4 lymph node metastasis was not associated with the primary tumour lobes (P = 0.61). Before propensity score matching, the 5-year OS was comparable between the L4 LND+ and L4 LND- groups (69.0% vs 65.2%, P = 0.091). However, after propensity score matching, the 5-year OS of the L4 LND+ group was much improved compared to that of the L4 LND- group (72.9% vs 62.3%, P = 0.002) and L4 LND was an independent factor favouring OS (hazard ratio 0.678, 95% confidence interval 0.513-0.897; P = 0.006). Subgroup analysis suggested that L4 LND was an independent factor favouring OS in left upper lobe tumours. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with left-side operable NSCLC, L4 lymph node metastasis was not rare and L4 LND should be routinely performed.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065261

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate a radiomic approach for the stratification of diffuse gliomas with distinct prognosis and provide additional resolution of their clinicopathological and molecular characteristics. METHODS: For this retrospective study, a total of 704 radiomic features were extracted from the multi-channel MRI data of 166 diffuse gliomas. Survival-associated radiomic features were identified and submitted to distinguish glioma subtypes using consensus clustering. Multi-layered molecular data were used to observe the different clinical and molecular characteristics between radiomic subtypes. The relative profiles of an array of immune cell infiltrations were measured gene set variation analysis approach to explore differences in tumor immune microenvironment. RESULTS: A total of 6 categories, including 318 radiomic features were significantly correlated with the overall survival of glioma patients. Two subgroups with distinct prognosis were separated by consensus clustering of radiomic features that significantly associated with survival. Histological stage and molecular factors, including IDH status and MGMT promoter methylation status were significant differences between the two subtypes. Furthermore, gene functional enrichment analysis and immune infiltration pattern analysis also hinted that the inferior prognosis subtype may more response to immunotherapy. CONCLUSION: A radiomic model derived from multi-parameter MRI of the gliomas was successful in the risk stratification of diffuse glioma patients. These data suggested that radiomics provided an alternative approach for survival estimation and may improve clinical decision-making.

6.
Cancer Imaging ; 20(1): 7, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The difficulty of assessment of neoadjuvant chemotherapeutic response preoperatively may hinder personalized-medicine strategies that depend on the results from pathological examination. METHODS: A total of 191 patients with high-grade osteosarcoma (HOS) were enrolled retrospectively from November 2013 to November 2017 and received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT). A cutoff time of November 2016 was used to divide the training set and validation set. All patients underwent diagnostic CTs before and after chemotherapy. By quantifying the tumor regions on the CT images before and after NCT, 540 delta-radiomic features were calculated. The interclass correlation coefficients for segmentations of inter/intra-observers and feature pair-wise correlation coefficients (Pearson) were used for robust feature selection. A delta-radiomics signature was constructed using the lasso algorithm based on the training set. Radiomics signatures built from single-phase CT were constructed for comparison purpose. A radiomics nomogram was then developed from the multivariate logistic regression model by combining independent clinical factors and the delta-radiomics signature. The prediction performance was assessed using area under the ROC curve (AUC), calibration curves and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: The delta-radiomics signature showed higher AUC than single-CT based radiomics signatures in both training and validation cohorts. The delta-radiomics signature, consisting of 8 selected features, showed significant differences between the pathologic good response (pGR) (necrosis fraction ≥90%) group and the non-pGR (necrosis fraction < 90%) group (P < 0.0001, in both training and validation sets). The delta-radiomics nomogram, which consisted of the delta-radiomics signature and new pulmonary metastasis during chemotherapy showed good calibration and great discrimination capacity with AUC 0.871 (95% CI, 0.804 to 0.923) in the training cohort, and 0.843 (95% CI, 0.718 to 0.927) in the validation cohort. The DCA confirmed the clinical utility of the radiomics model. CONCLUSION: The delta-radiomics nomogram incorporating the radiomics signature and clinical factors in this study could be used for individualized pathologic response evaluation after chemotherapy preoperatively and help tailor appropriate chemotherapy and further treatment plans.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e1904599, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984587

RESUMO

The switching parameters and device performance of memristors are predominately determined by their mobile species and matrix materials. Devices with oxygen or oxygen vacancies as the mobile species usually exhibit a great retention but also need a relatively high switching current (e.g., >30 µA), while devices with Ag or Cu as cation mobile species do not require a high switching current but usually show a poor retention. Here, Ru is studied as a new type of mobile species for memristors to achieve low switching current, fast speed, good reliability, scalability, and analog switching property simultaneously. An electrochemical metallization-like memristor with a stack of Pt/Ta2 O5 /Ru is developed. Migration of Ru ions is revealed by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mapping and in situ transmission electron microscopy within a sub-10 nm active device area before and after switching. The results open up a new avenue to engineer memristors for desired properties.

8.
Cancer Biomark ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating immune cells are indispensable to the progression and prognosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the clinical implications of immune cell infiltrates in ccRCC. METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database (N= 515) and E-MTAB-1980 cohort of patients (N= 101) were adopted to estimate the prognostic value of immune cell infiltration. Twenty-four types of immune cells were evaluated using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis. Cox regression analyses were conducted to develop an immune risk score. RESULTS: Survival analyses revealed that 13 genes significantly associated with the overall survival (OS). Furthermore, multivariate Cox analysis identified an immune risk score on the basis of mast cells, natural killer CD56bright cells, T helper 17 (Th17) cells, and Th2 cells. The immune risk score was associated with OS, with hazard ratios of 2.72 (95% CI 2.17-3.40) and 3.24 (95% CI 1.64-6.44) in TCGA and E-MTAB-1980 datasets, respectively. This immune risk score was significantly correlated with some immunotherapy-related biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: We profiled a prognostic signature and established an immune risk score model for ccRCC, which could provide novel predictive markers for patients with ccRCC and an indicator for immunotherapy response measurement.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(2)2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940888

RESUMO

Hormesis is a concentration-response phenomenon characterized by low-concentration stimulation and high-concentration inhibition, which typically has a nonmonotonic J-shaped concentration-response curve (J-CRC). The concentration addition (CA) model is the gold standard for studying mixture toxicity. However, the CA model had the predictive blind zone (PBZ) for mixture J-CRC. To solve the PBZ problem, we proposed a segmented concentration addition (SCA) method to predict mixture J-CRC, which was achieved through fitting the left and right segments of component J-CRC and performing CA prediction subsequently. We selected two model compounds including chlortetracycline hydrochloride (CTCC) and oxytetracycline hydrochloride (OTCC), both of which presented J-CRC to Aliivibrio fischeri (AVF). The seven binary mixtures (M1-M7) of CTCC and OTCC were designed according to their molar ratios of 12:1, 10:3, 8:5, 1:1, 5:8, 3:10, and 1:12 referring to the direct equipartition ray design. These seven mixtures all presented J-CRC to AVF. Based on the SCA method, we obtained mixture maximum stimulatory effect concentration (ECm) and maximum stimulatory effect (Em) predicted by SCA, both of which were not available for the CA model. The toxicity interactions of these mixtures were systematically evaluated by using a comprehensive approach, including the co-toxicity coefficient integrated with confidence interval method (CTCICI), CRC, and isobole analysis. The results showed that the interaction types were additive and antagonistic action, without synergistic action. In addition, we proposed the cross point (CP) hypothesis for toxic interactive mixtures presenting J-CRC, that there was generally a CP between mixture observed J-CRC and CA predicted J-CRC; the relative positions of observed and predicted CRCs on either side of the CP would exchange, but the toxic interaction type of mixtures remained unchanged. The CP hypothesis needs to be verified by more mixtures, especially those with synergism. In conclusion, the SCA method is expected to have important theoretical and practical significance for mixture hormesis.

10.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(1): 75-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955826

RESUMO

Purpurolides D-F (1-3), three new polyoxygenated bergamotanes bearing a 6/4/5/5 tetracyclic ring system, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Penicillium purpurogenum IMM 003. Their structures were unambiguously elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data analyses, 13C NMR chemical shifts calculations coupled with the DP4+ probability method, and the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-3 showed significant inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase (PL). The result highlights that the presence of 3-hydroxylated decanoic acid moiety at C-14 is important for increasing the inhibition potency against PL.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(4): 3823-3834, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612488

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma (NBL) is the most frequently encountered extracranial solid neoplasm and impacts significantly on the survival of patients, especially in cases of advanced tumor stage or relapse. A long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) signature to predict the survival of patients with NBL is proposed in this paper. Differentially expressed lncRNA (DElncRNA) was selected using the Limma plus Voom package in R based on the RNA-sequencing data downloaded from the Therapeutically Applicable Research To Generate Effective Treatments database and Genotype-Tissue Expression database. Univariate cox regression analysis, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis, and multivariate cox regression analysis were conducted to identify candidate DElncRNAs for the risk signature. Consequently, 10 DElncRNAs were designated as candidate DElncRNAs for the risk signature. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves and Kapan-Meier survival curves confirmed the efficacy of the risk signature in predicting the survival of patients with NBL (area under the curve = 0.941; p ≤ .001). One of the DElncRNA constituent subparts (LINC01010) was significantly associated with the survival outcome of patients with NBL in GSE62564 (p = .004). Thus, a risk signature comprising 10 DElncRNAs was identified as effective for individual risk stratification and the survival prediction outcomes of patients with NBL.

12.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 300-312, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866448

RESUMO

In cultivated European eels, Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella anguillarum and Vibrio vulnificus are three important bacterial pathogens. In this study, an expressed recombinant Outer membrane proteinⅡ (rOmpⅡ) from A. hydrophila was intraperitoneally injected into European eels (Angullia angullia). All examined eels were equally divided into three groups. One group was injected with PBS only (PBS group), one group was injected with 1:1 mixture of PBS and Freund's incomplete adjuvant (PBS + F, adjuvant group), and the third group was injected with 1:1 mixture of 1 mg mL-1 rOmpⅡ and Freund's incomplete adjuvant (rOmpⅡ+F, OmpⅡ group). The immunogenicity of OmpⅡ was studied by detecting the expression of 4 immune-related genes, stimulation index (SI) of the whole blood cell, serum antibody titer, lysozyme and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) activity, and relative percent of survival (RPS) rate. The results showed that gene expression of MHC-Ⅱ, LysC, SOD and IgM in the OmpⅡ group significantly increased in liver, spleen, kidney and intestine. At 28 days post the immunization (dpi), the SI of whole blood cells in the OmpⅡ group increased significantly; at 14, 21, 28 and 42 dpi, the serum antibody titers against A. hydrophila and E. anguillarum in the OmpⅡ group were significantly higher than that of the PBS and the adjuvant group; the SOD in the OmpⅡ group was found increased significantly in liver, kidney, mucus and serum. On the 28 dpi, eels were challenged by A. hydrophila, E. anguillarum and V. vulnificus for cross protection study. The results showed that the RPS of the OmpⅡ group were 83.33%, 55.56% and 33.33% respectively. These results showed that the expressed OmpⅡ from A. hydrophila significantly improve the immune function of Europena eels and their resistance to the infection of A. hydrophila and E. anguillarum simultaneously.

13.
Eur Radiol ; 30(1): 547-557, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the integrative value of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT), transcriptomics data and clinicopathological data for predicting the survival of bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA) patients. METHODS: RNA sequencing data, radiomics features and clinical parameters of 62 BLCA patients were included in the study. Then, prognostic signatures based on radiomics features and gene expression profile were constructed by using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox analysis. A multi-omics nomogram was developed by integrating radiomics, transcriptomics and clinicopathological data. More importantly, radiomics risk score-related genes were identified via weighted correlation network analysis and submitted to functional enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The radiomics and transcriptomics signatures significantly stratified BLCA patients into high- and low-risk groups in terms of the progression-free interval (PFI). The two risk models remained independent prognostic factors in multivariate analyses after adjusting for clinical parameters. A nomogram was developed and showed an excellent predictive ability for the PFI in BLCA patients. Functional enrichment analysis suggested that the radiomics signature we developed could reflect the angiogenesis status of BLCA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The integrative nomogram incorporated CECT radiomics, transcriptomics and clinical features improved the PFI prediction in BLCA patients and is a feasible and practical reference for oncological precision medicine. KEY POINTS: • Our radiomics and transcriptomics models are proved robust for survival prediction in bladder urothelial carcinoma patients. • A multi-omics nomogram model which integrates radiomics, transcriptomics and clinical features for prediction of progression-free interval in bladder urothelial carcinoma is established. • Molecular functional enrichment analysis is used to reveal the potential molecular function of radiomics signature.

14.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(6): 065501, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627194

RESUMO

The atomically thin group III monochalcogenides have emerged as potential candidates for nanoscale optoelectronic applications due to their tunable bandgaps and high carrier mobility. In this work, by means of ab initio calculations, we have systematically investigated the geometrical structures, electronic structures, and optical properties of the orthogonal phase (O-phase) group III monochalcogenides MX (M = Ga and In, X = S, Se and Te) monolayers, nanoribbons, heterostructures and their potential applications as photocatalysts for water splitting. It is highlighted that the two-dimensional (2D) O-phase MX monolayers not only are dynamically and thermally stable, but also exhibit distinguished optical properties (~105 cm-1) with broad absorption spectrum in the visible and ultraviolet light regions. Furthermore, it is noted that nano-structure designing can further modulate their electronic structures in desirable ways. For instance, the bandgap of O-phase GaTe is relevant to the width of 1D nanoribbon. On the other hand, the type-II InSe/GaTe and InTe/GaTe heterostructures confine the photo-generated electrons and holes at the opposite parts, which is beneficial for the separation of hydrogen and oxygen during the photocatalysis water splitting process.

15.
Biol Proced Online ; 21: 23, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798349

RESUMO

Background: Lysine post-translational modifications are important regulators of protein function. Proteomic and biochemical approaches have resulted in identification of several lysine modifications, including acetylation, crotonylation, and succinylation. Here, we developed an approach for surveying amide-bonded lysine modifications in the proteome of human tissues/cells based on the observation that many lysine modifications are amide-bonded and that the Salmonella enterica deacetylase, CobB, is an amidase. Results: After the proteome of human tissues/cells was denatured and the non-covalently bonded metabolites were removed by acetone washes, and the amide-bonded modifiers were released by CobB and analyzed using liquid- and/or gas chromatography/mass spectrometry metabolomic analysis. This protocol, which required 3-4 days for completion, was used to qualitatively identify more than 40 documented and unreported lysine modifications from the human proteome and to quantitatively analyze dynamic changes in targeted amide-bonded lysine modifications. Conclusions: We developed a method that was capable of monitoring and quantifying amide-bonded lysine modifications in cells of different origins.

16.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(11): 6754-6774, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is a common malignancy of the endocrine system. This research aimed to examine the expression levels of miR-136-5p and metadherin (MTDH) in TC and unveil their potential targeting relationship. METHODS: TC microRNA (miRNA) microarray and miRNA-sequencing data were collected to evaluated miR-136-5p expression. We assessed the comprehensive expression of miR-136-5p by calculating the standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves (sROC). Subsequently, the miR-136-5p mimic and inhibitor were transfected into the TC B-CPAP cell, Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide (MTT) assay and cell apoptosis assay by FACS with Annexin V-/7-AAD double staining were performed to explore the biological role of miR-136-5p in the B-CPAP cell line. Prediction of target genes and potential biological function analysis of miR-136-5p were made using miRWalk2.0 and DAVID, respectively. Through target gene prediction, MTDH may be the candidate target gene of miR-136-5p. Subsequently, gene microarrays and RNA-sequencing data were also leveraged for MTDH expression. The meta-analysis method was conducted to evaluate the comprehensive expression level of MTDH. In addition, MTDH protein expression was identified using immunohistochemistry. The MTDH protein levels post-miR-136-5p transfection were verified by western blot, and the dual luciferase reporter assay was adapted to confirm the direct targeting relation between miR-136-5p and MTDH. RESULTS: The miR-136-5p level was remarkably downregulated in TC, the pooled SMD was -0.47 (95% CI: -0.70 to -0.23, I2=36.6%, P=0.192) and the area under the curve (AUC) of the sROC was 0.67 based on 543 cases of TC. MTT indicated that the overexpression of miR-136-5p dramatically inhibited the proliferation of B-CPAP cells. The cell apoptosis increased in the miR-136-5p mimic group compared to the negative control group. In addition, both MTDH mRNA and protein levels were markedly overexpressed, with the pooled SMD being 0.94 (95% CI: -0.35 to 2.24, I2=98.8%, P<0.001), and the AUC of the sROC being 0.85 with 1054 cases of TC. The MTDH protein level was significantly up-regulated in TC than in the non-carcinomic tissues by immunohistochemistry (8.292±1.717 vs. 2.618±2.570, P<0.001). Western blot indicated that MTDH protein expression was suppressed by miR-136-5p mimic in the B-CPAP cell line, which was further supported by the dual luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSION: The miR-136-5p/MTDH axis may play a vital role in modulating TC tumorigenesis, providing new insight into possible molecular mechanisms of TC oncogenesis.

17.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225938, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed toward establishing a decision-making model with multiple criteria for appraisal and reimbursement to compare the attitudes of different stakeholders toward various dimensions and criteria and to evaluate the five targeted therapies (bevacizumab, cetuximab, panitumumab, aflibercept, and regorafenib) for metastatic colorectal cancer. METHOD: This study is a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) using a model that includes three dimensions and nine criteria. Both the overall and individual scores of the respective targeted therapies in different dimensions and criteria were calculated. A sensitivity analysis was carried out in order to evaluate the robustness of the research results. An interview-based questionnaire survey was applied to obtain the performance information for the targeted therapies and the weights of the dimensions and criteria. RESULTS: Overall, the clinical dimension had the highest weight, followed by the economic dimension, and finally, the social dimension. In the clinical dimension, the "comparative efficacy" criterion had the highest weight; in the economic dimension, the "cost-effectiveness" criterion" was given the greatest importance; in the social dimension, the "social concern and patient needs" criterion was given more emphasis. The overall values ranked from high to low as follows: cetuximab (overall score 3.3666), bevacizumab (3.3043), panitumumab (3.2030), aflibercept (2.8923) and regorafenib (2.8366). CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive value assessment system combining "multi-dimensional criteria," "multi-perspectives," and an "integrative assessment" is necessary to evaluate the value of medicines. The results showed not only the order of weights of different dimensions or criteria, but also the rankings of the value of the targeted therapies.

18.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833397

RESUMO

Three new polyketides including two benzophenone derivatives, penibenzones A and B (1 and 2), and a new phthalide derivative, penibenzone C (3), along with six known compounds, were isolated from the solid-substrate cultures of the endophytic fungus Penicillium purpurogenum IMM003. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data (UV, IR, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR). All compounds were evaluated for inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase, but none of them displayed activity.

19.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 9827-9848, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819482

RESUMO

Introduction: MIR22HG has a reported involvement in the tumorigenesis of a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the exact molecular mechanism of MIR22HG in HCC has not been clarified. Methods: In the present study, we integrated data from in-house RT-qPCR, RNA-sequencing, microarray, and literature studies to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the clinico-pathological and prognostic significance of MIR22HG in an extremely large group of HCC samples. We also explored the potential mechanism of MIR22HG in HCC by analyzing the alteration profiles of MIR22HG in HCC to predict transcription factors (TFs) that may interact with MIR22HG and to annotate the biological functions of genes co-expressed with MIR22HG. MIR22HG expression was also compared in HCC nude mice xenografts before and after a treatment with nitidine chloride. Results: We found that MIR22HG was downregulated in HCC and that this downregulation correlated with the malignant phenotype of HCC. Comprehensive analysis of the prognostic impact of MIR22HG in HCC revealed a beneficial effect of MIR22HG on the survival outcome of HCC patients. Seven cases of MIR22HG deep deletion occurred in 360 of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) provisional HCC samples. A total of 22 MIR22HG-TF-mRNA triplets in HCC were predicted by the lncRNAmap. Co-expressed genes of MIR22HG, identified by weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), mainly participated in the pathways involving osteoclast differentiation, chemokine signaling pathways, and hematopoietic cell lineage. In vivo experiments demonstrated that nitidine chloride could stimulate MIR22HG expression in HCC xenografts. Conclusion: In summary, MIR22HG may play a tumor-suppressive role in HCC by coordinating with predicted TFs and co-expressed genes, such as NLRP3, CSF1R, SIGLEC10, and ZEB2, or by being controlled by nitidine chloride.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4538-4544, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872643

RESUMO

Through using the theoretical research results of traditional Chinese medicine resource management and sustainable utilization as references,this article systematically analyzes the relationship between economic subsystems for utilization of wild renewable resources in Tibetan medicine,resources,environment and social systems. It sorts out and designs the relationship diagram of the sustainable utilization system for Tibetan medicine resources,input and output relationship diagrams of economics subsystems for Tibetan medicine resources,development model diagram for Tibetan medical industrial chain,market development flow chart of wild herb resources of Tibetan medicine,causal circuit diagram of sustainable use mechanism for Tibetan medicine resources,cause tree of the stock and function for Tibetan medicine resources,cause tree of total income for Tibetan medicine resource utilization and tree diagram of compensation fund usage of Tibetan medicine resources. It provides an innovative research method for Tibetan medicine resources,and theoretical basis and relevant countermeasure for constructing sustainable approaches to development of wild renewable resources in Tibetan medicine.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Plantas Medicinais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Tibet
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