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3.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study, our objective was to establish a nomogram to predict the effectiveness of cervical traction in young and middle-aged chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNNP) patients with unsatisfactory nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) control. For CNNP patients with unsatisfactory NSAID control, the effectiveness of cervical traction varies. Neck muscle fat infiltration and clinical features may associate with the effectiveness. METHODS: A total of 186 suitable patients were classified into a training data set (from August 2015 to July 2018, n = 118) and a validation data set (from August 2018 to June 2019, n = 68) with time sequence. All patients were included to receive magnetic resonance imaging scan to calculate posterior cervical fat and muscle features, then undergoing unified cervical traction in an outpatient clinic. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression model was used to select potentially relevant features to predict effectiveness possibility of cervical traction. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to develop the predicting model, presenting with a nomogram. The performance of the nomogram was assessed based on its calibration, discrimination, and clinical utility. RESULTS: Through the LASSO regression model, we identified 4 predictors including sex, good exercise compliance, the ratio of the cross-sectional area (CSA) between fat and muscle on C5 level (C5 fat CSA/muscle CSA), the ratio of CSA between fat and centrum on C5 level (C5 fat CSA/centrum muscle CSA). The nomogram provided good calibration and discrimination in the training cohort, showing an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.704 (95% CI, 0.608-0.799) and good concordance between the predicted and actual probabilities with Spiegelhalter's Z-test (P = 0.835). Discrimination of the model in the validation data set was acceptable, with AUC of 0.691 (95% CI, 0.564-0.817). Decision curve analysis revealed the nomogram to be clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: Male sex, good exercise compliance, lower C5 fat CSA/centrum CSA, and and lower C5 fat CSA/muscle CSA could be favorable features to predict the effectiveness of cervical traction in CNNP patients with unsatisfactory NSAID control.

4.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(1): 36-50, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32290911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the iodine nutrition status of adults in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region under the effective control of iodine deficiency disease. METHODS: Using stratified cluster random sampling method, in the district to determine water iodine median<10 µg/L and ≥10 µg/L of urban and rural areas, a total of 10 survey points, deals from the collecting water deals of extracting water iodine content detection. Adults over 18 years old were randomly selected from 30 households at each survey site to carry out a survey on dietary iodine intake, and the contents of dietary salt iodine and adult urine iodine were tested. RESULTS: The median iodine content in water in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region was 4. 4(2. 3, 13. 6)µg/L. The median iodine content of household salt was 27(24, 30) mg/kg. The median urinary iodine content in adults was 168(103, 259)µg/L. The average dietary iodine intake of adults in the region was 312 µg/d. CONCLUSION: The water iodine content in the environment outside Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is relatively low, and the iodine nutritional status and dietary iodine intake of adults are generally at the appropriate level. However, urban adults with relatively low water iodine content and good economic status have a higher risk of iodine deficiency. Iodized salt is the main source of dietary iodine for adults in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Adults in poorer rural and urban areas rely more heavily on iodized salt.

6.
Clin Nucl Med ; 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332301

RESUMO

Ga-FAPI PET/CT was performed in a 56-year-old cirrhotic patient with multiple liver nodules, which were suspected of hepatocellular carcinoma by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance but were not visualized by F-FDG PET/CT. Increased Ga-FAPI liver uptake was observed in this cirrhotic patient. However, the nodules had no pathological Ga-FAPI uptake and were clearly visualized due to the low activity compared with surrounding liver parenchyma. The Ga-FAPI PET/CT features, suggestive of benign nodules, have been later confirmed by histopathological examination. This case suggested that Ga-FAPI PET/CT may be useful in the differentiation between benign nodules and hepatocellular carcinoma in the patient with liver cirrhosis.

8.
Breast ; 51: 2-10, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172191

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) pathological staging system for breast cancer considers biologic factors in addition to the anatomical features included in the previous systems. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of the 8th AJCC staging system for T1-2N1 breast cancer and to assess the effect of additional chemotherapy and radiotherapy according to the new pathologic stages. METHODS: The cohort included patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (2010-2012) who had stage T1-2N1 invasive breast carcinoma and underwent mastectomy. All patients were restaged using the 8th AJCC staging system. The Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazards regression, and competing risks models were used for data analysis. RESULTS: We identified 9908 patients including 3022 (30.5%), 3131 (31.6%), 1940 (19.6%), 1194 (12.1%), and 621 (6.3%) were classified with stage IA, IB, IIA, IIB, and IIIA disease, respectively. The 5-year breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) was 97.3%, 94.3%, 88.3%, 84.0%, and 71.1% for stage IA, IB, IIA, IIB, and IIIA disease, respectively. Higher pathological stage was associated with a significantly higher risk of breast cancer-related death. Chemotherapy was associated with better BCSS regardless of the pathological stage, but radiotherapy was only associated with better BCSS in stage IIIA disease. CONCLUSIONS: The 8th AJCC pathological staging system provides more refined stratification for T1-2N1 breast cancer patients after mastectomy and may meet the needs of the current trend of individualized decision making for chemotherapy and radiotherapy in this patient subset.

9.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 147: 106802, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32217170

RESUMO

The walnut family Juglandaceae was widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere while several extant genera now exhibit intercontinental disjunctions. Recent progress in the systematics of Juglandaceae has greatly broadened our knowledge about its origin and evolution. However, there are still uncertainties about the intergeneric relationships within Juglandaceae, and discrepancies between fossil records and inferred divergence times for certain lineages were observed. In this study, well-resolved phylogenies of the Juglandaceae are reconstructed based on both the nuclear RAD-Seq and the whole chloroplast genome data. Our results support the Juglandoideae topology of (Hicoreae, (Platycaryeae, Juglandeae)) at the tribal level. Within Juglandeae, a discordant position of Pterocarya was detected between nuclear and plastid genome data, and a more likely topology (nuclear), (Juglans, (Pterocarya, Cyclocarya)), was discussed based on evidence from molecular data and fossil records. Based on carefully selected fossil calibrations, the divergence times of extant lineages were estimated and they corroborated well with fossil records (especially concerning Juglans and Pterocarya). Four sections within Juglans were strongly supported by the nuclear data. Within Juglans, the incongruent position of J. hopeiensis was recovered between the nuclear and plastid genomes. Yet the origin and evolutionary history of J. cinerea and J. hopeiensis are supported to be complicated and need further clarification. Integrative evidence from the fossil records, phylogeny and lineage divergence times shows that Juglandoideae originated in North America, and migrated to Eurasia via both the Bering and the North Atlantic land bridges. Our study shows the potential of integrative biogeographic studies for illuminating the evolutionary history of Juglandaceae.

10.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(6): 468-470, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149789

RESUMO

A 71-year-old man with pathologically confirmed rectal cancer underwent F-FDG PET/CT before radical operation, which showed multiple nodules with low uptake in bilateral pleura and 1 solitary pulmonary nodule with slight uptake in left lung. The subpleural nodule was diagnosed as benign lesion through the biopsy. Ga-labeled fibroblast-activation-protein inhibitor PET/CT was performed for further evaluation, which showed low uptake in bilateral subpleural nodules but focally increased uptake in the nodule of left lung. This nodule was found to be a primary lung adenocarcinoma by the CT-guided biopsy. A diagnosis of rectum and lung double primary malignancies was finally made.

11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(3): 721-727, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether there are left-right asymmetries in tubal endometriosis and the factors affecting this predisposition. METHODS: Women who underwent salpingectomy for gynecological diseases and were diagnosed with tubal endometriosis between January 2002 and July 2019 were included in the study. The frequencies of left and right tubal endometriosis were compared with the expected 50% using a binominal test. The demographic characteristics and presence of ovarian endometrioid cysts, adenomyosis, and hydrosalpinx were also analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period of more than 17 years, 305 women were diagnosed with tubal endometriosis. The distribution of tubal endometriosis in the left or right fallopian tubes was analyzed. Tubal endometriosis was found in the left fallopian tube in 168 (55.08%) women, in the right fallopian tube in 93 (30.49%), and bilaterally in 44 (14.43%). Left unilateral tubal endometriosis was found most frequently (64.37%, 168/261), and its incidence was significantly higher than 50% (P < 0.001, binominal test). Furthermore, the frequency of left ovarian endometrioid cysts (58.82%) was higher than that of right ovarian endometrioid cysts (41.18%) (P < 0.001, binominal test). CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that tubal endometriosis is a left-side asymmetric disease, and this predisposition is highly consistent with ovarian endometrioid cysts, which supports the transplantation theory of the origin of endometriosis.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the potential usefulness of [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic lesions in various types of cancer, compared with [18F] FDG PET/CT. METHODS: A total of 75 patients with various types of cancer underwent contemporaneous [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 and [18F] FDG PET/CT either for an initial assessment or for recurrence detection. Tumour uptake was quantified by the maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy of [18F] FDG and [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT were calculated and compared to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy. RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of 75 patients (47 males and 28 females; median age, 61.5 years; age range, 32-85 years). Fifty-four patients with 12 different tumour entities underwent paired [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 and [18F] FDG PET/CT for initial assessment, while the other 21 patients underwent paired scans for recurrence detection. [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT was able to clearly identify 12 types of malignant tumours with favourable tumour-to-background contrast, which resulted in a higher detection rate of primary tumours than did [18F] FDG PET/CT (98.2% vs. 82.1%, P = 0.021). Meanwhile, [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT showed a better sensitivity than [18F] FDG PET/CT in the detection of lymph nodes (86.4% vs. 45.5%, P = 0.004) and bone and visceral metastases (83.8% vs. 59.5%, P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: [68Ga]Ga-DOTA-FAPI-04 PET/CT showed a superior diagnostic efficacy than [18F] FDG PET/CT for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic lesions in patients with various types of cancer, especially in identifying liver metastases, peritoneal carcinomatosis, and brain tumours.

13.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 27, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both substance P and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) are involved in inflammation and angiogenesis. However, the relationship between substance P and HIF-1α in rat periodontitis is still unknown. METHODS: Ligation-induced rat periodontitis was established to observe the distribution and expression of substance P and HIF-1α by immunohistochemistry. Rat gingival fibroblasts were cultured and stimulated with Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Recombinant substance P was applied to elaborate the relationship between substance P and HIF-1α in gingival fibroblasts in vitro. Primary mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) were isolated and cultured to observe the effect of substance P on receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis by TRAP staining. Western blotting was used to investigate the expression of HIF-1α, osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANKL. RESULTS: Rat experimental periodontitis was successfully established 6 weeks after ligation. Gingival inflammatory infiltration and alveolar bone loss were observed. Positive expression of substance P was found in the infiltrating cells. Higher HIF-1α levels were observed in periodontitis compared to that of normal tissues. Substance P upregulated the level of HIF-1α in gingival fibroblasts with or without 1 µg/ml LPS in vitro (*P < 0.05). Substance P upregulated the expression of HIF-1α in RANKL-stimulated BMMs in vitro. Substance P also increased the RANKL/OPG ratio in gingival fibroblasts (*P < 0.05). Both 10 nM and 50 nM substance P promoted RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation (*P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Substance P participates in periodontitis by upregulating HIF-1α and the RANKL/OPG ratio.

14.
Radiat Res ; 193(4): 383-393, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097101

RESUMO

The functions and molecular mechanism of circRNAs in the development of radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) remain largely unknown. The goal of this study was to explore the expression and potential role of a new circular RNA, named circTUBD1, in irradiated and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human hepatic stellate cell (HSC) line LX-2 cells. The expression of circTUBD1 was significantly upregulated in irradiated and LPS-stimulated LX-2 cells compared to non-treated LX-2 cells. To explore the functions of circTUBD1, small interfering RNAs targeting circTUBD1 were designed. Silencing circTUBD1 inhibited proliferation, promoted apoptosis of LX-2 cells, and significantly decreased the expression level of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in irradiated and LPS-stimulated LX-2 cells. Mechanistic analysis suggested that circTUBD1 acted as the miR-146a-5p sponge to affect pro-inflammatory cytokine production through regulating expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), interleukin receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor-6 (TRAF6), and phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B (pNF-κB) in irradiated and LPS-stimulated LX-2 cells. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show that circTUBD1 acts as a miR-146a-5p sponge to affect the viability and pro-inflammatory cytokine production of LX-2 cells through the TLR4 pathway, suggesting that circTUBD1 is a potential target for RILD therapy.

15.
Radiother Oncol ; 146: 9-15, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate potential image markers for early prediction of treatment response on thoracic esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 159 thoracic ESCC patients enrolled from two institutions were divided into training and validation sets. A total of 944 radiomics features were extracted from pretreatment 18F-FDG PET images. We first performed the inter-observer reproducibility test in 10 pairs of patients (responders vs. nonresponders), and the limma package was used to identify differentially expressed features (DEFs). Then the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression model with 10-fold cross-validation was used to construct a treatment response related radiomics signature. Finally, the performance was assessed in both sets with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: After the inter-observer test, 691 features were considered reproducible and been retained (ICC > 0.9). 61 DEFs were selected from limma and entered into the LASSO logistic regression model. The radiomics signature was significantly associated with treatment response in the training (p < 0.001) and validation set (p = 0.026), which achieved area under curve (AUC) values of 0.844 and 0.835, respectively. Delong test results of two ROCs showed no significant difference (p = 0.918). The cut-off value of the radiomics signature could successfully divide patients into high-risk and low-risk groups in both sets. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that the proposed radiomics signature could be a useful image marker to predict the therapeutic response of thoracic ESCC patients treated with CCRT.

16.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(5): 1065-1074, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897588

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG uptake) and PD-L1 expression and determine the usefulness of 18F-FDG PET/CT for evaluating the PD-L1 status in tumour cells (TCs) and tumour-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the records of 84 eligible patients who received an initial histopathological diagnosis of NPC between December 2016 and March 2019. All tissue specimens and PET/CT images were collected prior to treatment. High PD-L1 expression in TCs and TIICs was defined as ≥ 50% of stained cells. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in 18F-FDG uptake according to the PD-L1 status in TCs and TIICs. Univariate analysis showed that PD-L1 expression in TCs was associated with tumour maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (P < 0.001), primary tumour total lesion glycolysis (TLG; P < 0.001), and T stage (P = 0.044), but not with plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) load (P = 0.816), whereas PD-L1 expression in TIICs was related to SUVmax (P = 0.011), TLG (P = 0.001), T stage (P = 0.028), and plasma EBV load (P = 0.003). In multivariate logistic regression, PD-L1 expression in TCs was positively associated with SUVmax (P = 0.003) and TLG (P = 0.001), and in TIICs, negatively associated with SUVmax (P = 0.038) and plasma EBV load (P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: 18F-FDG uptake in NPC lesions was positively correlated with PD-L1 expression in TCs and negatively correlated with PD-L1 expression in TIICs. Thus, 18F-FDG PET/CT may be useful for evaluating the PD-L1 status in patients with NPC.

17.
J Clin Nurs ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970830

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' on the health outcome of patients with permanent colostomy. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is a common malignant tumour of digestive system, which seriously threatens human life and health. Colostomy is one of the main treatments for colorectal cancer, which effectively improves the 5-year survival rate of patients. However, the postoperative psychological and physiological rehabilitation nursing is still faced with great challenges due to the change of body image and defecation pathway caused by colostomy. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted, and 119 patients with permanent enterostomy were randomly divided into two groups, with 60 cases in the intervention group and 59 cases in the control group. The intervention group received routine care follow-up and hospital-family holistic care intervention based on 'Timing It Right', while the control group received routine care and follow-up. The resilience, self-care ability, complications and life quality of patients with permanent enterostomy were compared between two groups before intervention, at discharge, 3 months and 6 months after discharge. CONSORT checklist was applied as the reporting guideline for this study (see Appendix S1). RESULTS: A total of 108 patients with permanent enterostomy completed the study (90.76%). At 3 months and 6 months after discharge, the resilience and quality of life in the intervention group were significantly better than those in the control group (t = 4.158 vs. 7.406, t = 4.933 vs. 8.611, p < .05), while the complications in the intervention group were significantly lower than that in the control group (25.5% vs. 41.51%, 14.45% vs. 30.19%; p < .05). The self-care ability of the intervention group was significantly better than that in the control group (t = 1.543 vs. 3.656 vs. 6.273, p < .05) at discharge, 3 months and 6 months after discharge. The interaction between time and grouping showed that the effect of time factor varied with the grouping. After intervention, there were significant differences in psychological resilience, self-care ability, complications and quality of life between the two groups at different observation points (p < .01). The three evaluation indices of intervention group increased with the migration of observation time points and were significantly better than those of control group, especially the quality of life (84.35 ± 4.25 vs. 60.45 ± 8.42, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: The hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' can effectively improve the psychological resilience, self-care ability and quality of life; reduce complications; and improve the health outcomes of patients with permanent enterostomy. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Patients with permanent enterostomy have different needs for nursing care at different stages of the disease, and they are dynamically changing. The hospital-family holistic care model based on 'Timing It Right' can effectively improve the health outcomes of patients with permanent enterostomy, which is worthy of clinical application.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1412-1420, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851603

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, DHC34T, was isolated from forest soil of Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, China (112° 31' E 23° 10' N). It grew optimally on R2A medium at 28 °C, at pH 6.0-7.0 and in the presence of 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain DHC34T was closely related to Burkholderia alpina LMG 28138T (98.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain DHC34T formed a clade with B. alpina LMG 28138T, which is next to but branched deeply with Robbsia andropogonis ICMP 2807T. The phylogenetic relationships among these three strains were also supported with the phylogram based on concatenated partial gyrB, recA and trpB gene sequences. The phylogenomic tree generated with the UBCG tool showed that strains DHC34T and R. andropogonis ICMP 2807T were in a different clade. The DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain DHC34T and B. alpina LMG 28138T and R. andropogonis ICMP 2807T were much lower than 70 %. Strain DHC34T contained ubiquinone 8 as the major respiratory quinone. Its major fatty acids were C16 : 0, C17 : 0 cyclo and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. The DNA G+C content of strain DHC34T was 64.2 mol%. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified aminophospholipids, four unidentified phospholipids, one unidentified aminolipid and a polar lipid. The phenotypic, phylogenetic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic data showed that strain DHC34T represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Burkholderiaceae, for which the name Pararobbsia silviterrae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Pararobbsia silviterrae is DHC34T (=KCTC 42628T=LMG 28845T). On the basis of the current data, Burkholderia alpina is renamed as Pararobbsia alpina comb. nov.


Assuntos
Burkholderiaceae/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Burkholderia/classificação , Burkholderiaceae/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(4): 1647-1660, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853567

RESUMO

More than two-third of known antibiotics are produced by actinomycetes of the genus Streptomyces. Unfortunately, the production rate from Streptomyces natural antibiotic is extremely slow and thus cannot satisfy industrial demand. In this study, the production of antibiotics by Streptomyces is enhanced by a "superplasmid" which including global regulatory factors afsR, cyclic adenosine receptor protein (CRP), RNA polymerase beta subunits (rpoB) with point mutation and acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase gene (accA2BE), these elements are controlled by the PermE* promoter and then transfer into Streptomyces coelicolor M145, Streptomyces mutabilis TRM45540, Streptomyces hygroscopicus XM201, and Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC29253 by conjugation to generate exconjugants. NMR, HPLC, and LC-MS analyses revealed that the superplasmid led to the overproduction of actinorhodin (101.90%), undecylprodigiosin (181.60%) in S. coelicolor M145:: pLQ003, of rapamycin (110%), hygrocin A (163.4%) in S. hygroscopicus ATCC29253:: pLQ003, and of actinomycin D (11.78%) in S. mutabilis TRM45540:: pLQ003, and also to the downregulation of geldanamycin in S. hygroscopicus XM201, but we found that mutant strains in mutant strains of S. hygroscopicus XM201 with regulatory factors inserted showed several peaks that were not found in wild-type strains. The results of the present work indicated that the regulator net working in Streptomyces was not uniform, the superplasmid we constructed possibly caused this overproduction and downregulation in different Streptomyces.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(12): 5623-5628, 2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854635

RESUMO

The Pearl River Delta region is the major economic zone of the Greater Bay Area:it presents a large number of industrial-mining enterprises and is interested by severe heavy metal pollution (mainly caused by Pb and Cd). The research and development of safe and efficient heavy metal remediation materials and technologies is fundamental in order to guarantee regional environmental quality and habitat safety. Goethite-fulvic acid composites were prepared using goethite minerals present in the red soils of the Pearl River Delta region by passivation repair, and were applied to immobilize Pb and Cd in a co-contaminated soil. The results showed that a higher ratio of fulvic acid in the composites enhanced the immobilization effect on Pb and Cd:the immobilization efficiency (IE) of Pb and Cd increased with the passivation time, and then stabilized. Additionally, the exchangeable and carbonate-bound fractions of Pb and Cd in the soil decreased, while the Fe-Mn oxide-bound and residual fractions increased. The cation exchange capacity (CEC), as well as the available K and NH4+-N in the soil increased after the application of the composite materials. We conclude that goethite-fulvic acid composites can be effectively applied to the remediation of Pb-Cd contaminated soil.

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