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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982348

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a novel class of glucose-lowering agents that have improved clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure; however, their therapeutic mechanisms remain elusive. Although contradictory results have been reported, it has been proposed that improving Na+ homeostasis may be the underlying mechanism of action of SGLT2 inhibitors in heart failure treatment. This study explored whether empagliflozin ameliorates Na+ and Ca2+ handling disorders induced by ouabain in an Na+-dependent manner. METHODS: Isolated ventricular myocytes of mice were incubated with ouabain to establish a cellular model of Na+ overload. Effects of empagliflozin on Na+ and Ca2+ handling were evaluated using an ionOptix system and a confocal microscope. Distinct cytosolic Na+ levels were established by incubating different ouabain concentrations (10, 50, and 100 µmol/L). RESULTS: In the absence of ouabain, 1 µmol/L empagliflozin had a negligible impact on Na+ and Ca2+ handling in ventricular myocytes. Ouabain (50 µmol/L) significantly enhanced cytosolic Na+ levels and dysregulated Ca2+ handling, including an increased Ca2+ transient amplitude, elevated Ca2+ content in the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and enhanced spontaneous Ca2+ release normalized by treatment with 1 µmol/L empagliflozin within 10 min. All Na+ and Ca2+ handling abnormalities induced by ouabain were reversed by 1 µmol/L empagliflozin. The efficacy of empagliflozin was more potent at higher cytosolic Na+ levels. Pretreatment with the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) inhibitor (1 µmol/L cariporide) abolished the effects of empagliflozin. CONCLUSION: Empagliflozin ameliorates ouabain-induced Na+ and Ca2+ handling disorders in a cytosolic Na+-dependent manner, potentially by inhibiting the NHE.

2.
J Reprod Infant Psychol ; : 1-12, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the incidence and correlates of insomnia and its impact on health-related quality of life among Chinese pregnant women. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed from November 2018 to April 2019 in a university-affiliated general hospital in Guangzhou, China. Seven hundred and seventeen pregnant women completed the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the obstetric and sociodemographic data sheet. FINDINGS: 24.3% of the pregnant women suffered from insomnia. Compared with women without insomnia, those with insomnia had a significantly lower health-related quality of life during pregnancy. Maternal age, educational level, occupation, economic status, insurance coverage, gestational age, the woman's relationship with her mother-in-law and anxiety were significantly associated with insomnia among pregnant women. CONCLUSION: The incidence of insomnia among pregnant women is high, and insomnia is negatively correlated with health-related quality of life. Appropriate measures and practical therapeutic programmes should be provided to prevent the adverse effects of insomnia in pregnant women with advanced maternal age, lower education, lower economic status, unemployment, lack of insurance coverage, unsatisfied with their relationships with their mothers-in-law, and suffering from anxiety symptoms, especially in the third trimester.

3.
J Med Virol ; 94(1): 246-252, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460118

RESUMO

Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic. Several studies indicate that the digestive system can also be affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Therefore, patients with digestive symptoms should have a capsule endoscopy (CE). COVID-19 patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms who underwent CE were recruited from March 2020 to April 2020. We collected patients' data and performed a prospective follow-up study for 6 months. All 11 COVID-19 cases with GI symptoms who underwent CE presented gastritis. Eight cases (72.7%) had intestinal mucosa inflammation. Among them, two cases showed intestinal ulcers or erosions. Moreover, two cases displayed colonic mucositis. One case was lost during follow-up. At 3-6 months after hospital discharge, five patients underwent CE again, presenting gastrointestinal lesions. Five of the 10 cases had GI symptoms, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and others. Among these five cases, the GI symptoms of three patients disappeared at the last follow-up and two patients still presented diarrhea symptoms. Overall, we observed damaged digestive tract mucosa that could be caused by SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, after discharge, some patients still presented intestinal lesions and GI symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/patologia , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrite/complicações , Gastrite/diagnóstico , Gastrite/patologia , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Neurosci Lett ; : 136419, 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34958910

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rs9296559 within CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) has been identified as a susceptibility locus for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies indicated that CD2AP functioned as a regulator of endocytic trafficking to modulate the ß-amyloid (Aß) generation in neurons. Moreover, knockdown of cindr, the Drosophila ortholog of CD2AP, enhanced tau-induced neurodegeneration, implying CD2AP also participated in tau pathology. However, the role of rs9296559 in regulating Aß and tau metabolism in AD was still unclear. METHODS: Here, the associations of rs9296559 with CSF Aß1-42, p-tau, and t-tau were performed using a linear regression model in a total of 543 cognitive normal (CN), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and AD subjects from the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) cohort. The results were replicated in an independent cohort consisting of 198 Chinese subjects recruited from our hospital. RESULTS: In the ADNI cohort, CC+TC genotypes significantly increased CSF t-tau and p-tau levels in MCI patients but did not alter CSF tau levels in AD. This association was also observed in the replication cohort. Moreover, there was no association between rs9296559 and CSF Aß1-42 level at different disease statuses in the two cohorts. CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that rs9296559 was associated with higher CSF t-tau and p-tau levels in MCI, supporting that CD2AP modified AD risk by altering tau-related neurodegeneration in the early stage of the AD continuum. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the association between CD2AP genotypes and AD CSF biomarkers.

5.
J Dig Dis ; 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34953023

RESUMO

High-frequency electrosurgery has been widely used in the field of digestive endoscopy with constantly expanding indications. However, during operation electrocautery may cause possible risks such as bleeding or perforation, which endoscopic staffs should be attentive to. It is essential to strengthen the understanding of digestive endoscopists regarding principles of high-frequency electrical technology as well as operational safety issues, and thereby improve the safety of the clinical application. Thus, experts in digestive endoscopy, surgery, nursing, and other related fields were invited to participate in the consensus development on the clinical application of high-frequency electrosurgery in digestive endoscopy, based on relevant domestic and international literature and their experience.

6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 756940, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901069

RESUMO

Background: Neuropathic pain (NP), a severe and disruptive symptom following many diseases, normally restricts patients' physical functions and leads to anxiety and depression. As an economical and effective therapy, exercise may be helpful in NP management. However, few guidelines and reviews focused on exercise therapy for NP associated with specific diseases. The study aimed to summarize the effectiveness and efficacy of exercise for various diseases with NP supported by evidence, describe expert recommendations for NP from different causes, and inform policymakers of the guidelines. Design: A systematic review and expert consensus. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed. We included systematic review and meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which assessed patients with NP. Studies involved exercise intervention and outcome included pain intensity at least. Physiotherapy Evidence Database and the Assessment of Multiple Systematic reviews tool were used to grade the quality assessment of the included RCTs and systematic reviews, respectively. The final grades of recommendation were based on strength of evidence and a consensus discussion of results of Delphi rounds by the Delphi consensus panel including 21 experts from the Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine. Results: Eight systematic reviews and 21 RCTs fulfilled all of the inclusion criteria and were included, which were used to create the 10 evidence-based consensus statements. The 10 expert recommendations regarding exercise for NP symptoms were relevant to the following 10 different diseases: spinal cord injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, cervical radiculopathy, sciatica, diabetic neuropathy, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, HIV/AIDS, and surgery, respectively. The exercise recommended in the expert consensus involved but was not limited to muscle stretching, strengthening/resistance exercise, aerobic exercise, motor control/stabilization training and mind-body exercise (Tai Chi and yoga). Conclusions: Based on the available evidence, exercise is helpful to alleviate NP intensity. Therefore, these expert consensuses recommend that proper exercise programs can be considered as an effective alternative treatment or complementary therapy for most patients with NP. The expert consensus provided medical staff and policymakers with applicable recommendations for the formulation of exercise prescription for NP. This consensus statement will require regular updates after five-ten years.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 806819, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970228

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to identify the association between specific short-chain acylcarnitines and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Method: We retrieved 1,032 consecutive patients with T2DM who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria from the same tertiary care center and extracted clinical information from electronic medical records from May 2015 to August 2016. A total of 356 T2DM patients with CVD and 676 T2DM patients without CVD were recruited. Venous blood samples were collected by finger puncture after 8 h fasting and stored as dried blood spots. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) analysis nested in binary logistic regression was used to identify possible cutoff points and obtain the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of short-chain acylcarnitines for CVD risk in T2DM. The Ryan-Holm step-down Bonferroni procedure was performed to adjust p-values. Stepwise forward selection was performed to estimate the effects of acylcarnitines on CVD risk. Result: The levels of C2, C4, and C6 were elevated and C5-OH was decreased in T2DM patients with CVD. Notably, only elevated C2 was still associated with increased CVD inT2DM after adjusting for potential confounders in the multivariable model (OR = 1.558, 95%CI = 1.124-2.159, p = 0.008). Furthermore, the association was independent of previous adjusted demographic and clinical factors after stepwise forward selection (OR = 1.562, 95%CI = 1.132-2.154, p = 0.007). Conclusions: Elevated C2 was associated with increased CVD risk in T2DM.

8.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 759826, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926611

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac surgery is associated with a substantial risk of major adverse events. Although carbon dioxide (CO2)-derived variables such as venous-to-arterial CO2 difference (ΔPCO2), and PCO2 gap to arterial-venous O2 content difference ratio (ΔPCO2/C(a-cv)O2) have been successfully used to predict the prognosis of non-cardiac surgery, their prognostic value after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains controversial. This hospital-based study explored the relationship between ΔPCO2, ΔPCO2/C(a-cv)O2 and organ dysfunction after CPB. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 114 intensive care unit patients after elective cardiac surgery with CPB. Patients were divided into the organ dysfunction group (OI) and non-organ dysfunction group (n-OI) depending on whether organ dysfunction occurred or not at 48 h after CPB. ΔPCO2 was defined as the difference between central venous and arterial CO2 partial pressure. Results: The OI group has 37 (32.5%) patients, 27 of which (23.7%) had one organ dysfunction and 10 (8.8%) had two or more organ dysfunctions. No statistical significance was found (P = 0.84) for ΔPCO2 in the n-OI group at intensive care unit (ICU) admission (9.0, 7.0-11.0 mmHg), and at 4 (9.0, 7.0-11.0 mmHg), 8 (9.0, 7.0-11.0 mmHg), and 12 h post admission (9.0, 7.0-11.0 mmHg). In the OI group, ΔPCO2 also showed the same trend [ICU admission (9.0, 8.0-12.8 mmHg) and 4 (10.0, 7.0-11.0 mmHg), 8 (10.0, 8.5-12.5 mmHg), and 12 h post admission (9.0, 7.3-11.0 mmHg), P = 0.37]. No statistical difference was found for ΔPCO2/C(a-cv)O2 in the n-OI group (P = 0.46) and OI group (P = 0.39). No difference was detected in ΔPCO2, ΔPCO2/C(a-cv)O2 between groups during the first 12 h after admission (P > 0.05). Subgroup analysis of the patients with two or more failing organs compared to the n-OI group showed that the predictive performance of lactate and Base excess (BE) improved, but not of ΔPCO2 and ΔPCO2/C(a-cv)O2. Regression analysis showed that the BE at 8 h after admission (odds ratio = 1.37, 95%CI: 1.08-1.74, P = 0.009) was a risk factor for organ dysfunction 48 h after CBP. Conclusion : ΔPCO2 and ΔPCO2/C(a-cv)O2 cannot be used as reliable indicators to predict the occurrence of organ dysfunction at 48 h after CBP due to the pathophysiological process that occurs after CBP.

9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 145: 112447, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808553

RESUMO

Eugenosedin-A (Eu-A) has been shown to protect against hyperglycemia- and hyperlipidemia-induced metabolic syndrome. We investigated the relationship of KATP channel activities and insulin secretion by Eu-A in vitro in pancreatic ß-cells, and examined the effect of Eu-A on streptozotocin (STZ)/nicotinamide (NA)-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in vivo. We isolated pancreatic islets from adult male Wistar rats (250-350 g) and identified pancreatic ß-cells by the cell size, capacitance and membrane potential. Perforated patch-clamp and inside-out recordings were used to monitor the membrane potential (current-clamp mode) and channel activity (voltage-clamp mode) of ß-cells. The membrane potential of ß-cells was raised by Eu-A and reversed by the KATP channel activator diazoxide. Eu-A inhibited the KATP channel activity measured at - 60 mV and increased the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i), resulting in enhanced insulin secretion. Eu-A also reduced Kir6.2 protein on the cell membrane and scattered in the cytosol under normal glucose conditions (5.6 mM). In our animal study, rats were divided into normal and STZ/NA-induced T2DM groups. Normal rats fed with regular chow were divided into control and control+Eu-A (5 mg/kg/day, i.p.) groups. The STZ/NA-induced diabetic rats fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) were divided into three groups: T2DM, T2DM+Eu-A (5 mg/kg/day, i.p.), and T2DM+glibenclamide (0.5 mg/kg/day, i.p.; a KATP channel inhibitor). Both Eu-A and glibenclamide decreased the rats' blood glucose, prevented weight gain, and enhanced insulin secretion. We found that Eu-A blocked pancreatic ß-cell KATP channels, caused membrane potential depolarization, and stimulated Ca2+ influx, thus increasing insulin secretion. Furthermore, Eu-A decreased blood glucose and increased insulin levels in T2DM rats. These results suggested that Eu-A might have clinical benefits for the control of T2DM and its complications.

10.
Nucl Med Commun ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the condylar growth activity (CGA) with quantitative bone single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) to establish reference values of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and cutoff values for identifying active unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) in different ages. METHODS: We analyzed the CGA of 58 UCH patients and that of 125 volunteers as a control group by SUVmax of quantitative bone SPECT/CT imaging. The SUVmax and the uptake difference between bilateral condyles among different age groups were analyzed. SUVmax cutoff values for detecting active condyle were calculated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: The condylar SUVmax in 10-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years old groups of volunteers were 6.24 ± 1.39, 4.76 ± 0.98, 3.23 ± 0.64, 3.00 ± 0.61 and 2.90 ± 0.53, respectively. The uptake difference between bilateral condyles in the control group was 3.84% ± 1.71%. The affected condylar SUVmax was significantly higher than that of the contralateral condyle in active UCH patients (6.03 ± 2.85 vs. 3.96 ± 1.07; Z = -5.264; P = 0.000). SUVmax of the affected condyles in active UCH patients was not statistically higher than condylar SUVmax in the corresponding age group (6.03 ± 2.85 vs. 5.50 ± 1.41; Z = -0.173; P = 0.863). SUVmax of the unaffected condyles was significantly lower than condylar SUVmax in the corresponding age group (3.96 ± 1.07 vs. 5.50 ± 1.41; Z = -5.833; P = 0.000). SUVmax cutoff values for identifying active condyle were 6.26 and 4.53 in patients of 13-19 and 20-29 years old, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The condylar SUVmax varied with age. Different cutoff values of condylar SUVmax should be employed for diagnosing active UCH for patients in different ages.

11.
Pain Res Manag ; 2021: 5426595, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630786

RESUMO

Background: Neck pain is common and can have a significant impact on patients' physical functionality, mobility, and quality of life (QOL). In clinical practice, traditional Chinese mind and body exercise (TCMBE) is a combination of different types of exercise based on traditional Chinese medicine, including qigong, tai chi, the 12-words-for-life-nurturing exercise, and so on, and many studies have found that it is safe and effective at helping patients with neck pain. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of TCMBE on pain intensity, functional mobility, and QOL in individuals with neck pain. Methods: The PubMed, MEDLINE, PEDro, and Embase databases were systematically searched for relevant studies. Randomized controlled trials reporting the effects of TCMBE on pain intensity, functional mobility, and QOL in individuals with neck pain were included. Screening, data extraction, and literature quality assessments were performed independently by two reviewers. RevMan5.4 software was used for data analysis. Results: Six studies with 716 participants met the inclusion criteria. Compared with the control groups, TCMBE had no therapeutic advantage in improving pain intensity (visual analogue scale: mean difference (MD) = 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): -7.70 to 11.46, and P = 0.70); functional mobility (neck disability index: MD = 0.15, 95% CI: -6.37 to 6.66, and P = 0.96; neck pain and disability scale: MD = 1.31, 95% CI: -4.10 to 6.71, and P = 0.64); or 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) scores for physical function (MD = 5.58, 95% CI: -8.03 to 19.18, and P = 0.42), general health (MD = 1.87, 95% CI: -4.99 to 8.72, and P = 0.59), body pain (MD = 2.26, 95% CI: -3.80 to 8.32, and P = 0.46), vitality (MD = 6.24, 95% CI: -1.49 to 13.98, and P = 0.11), social function (MD = 8.06, 95% CI: -4.85 to 20.98, and P = 0.22), role physical (MD = -1.46, 95% CI: -8.54 to 5.62, and P = 0.69), or role emotional (MD = 6.5, 95% CI: -3.45 to 16.45, and P = 0.2). However, TCMBE was less effective at improving mental health results based on the SF-36 survey (MD = 3.37, 95% CI: 0.5 to 6.24, and P = 0.02). Conclusions: Based on the meta-analysis, there is insufficient evidence to support the clinical use of TCMBE in improving pain intensity and enhancing functional mobility and QOL in individuals with neck pain.

12.
Opt Express ; 29(19): 30357-30370, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614761

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) polarization converters often working as modulators and switches have many applications in THz sensing, imaging and communication, but many of them still suffer from low polarization conversion efficiency, fixed and narrow polarization conversion band, and low output polarization purity, which are mainly due to the lack of theoretical model for THz polarization converter design and optimization. In order to solve the problem, we adopt multiple interference theory to successfully design and optimize a graphene metamaterial-based tunable broadband THz linear polarization converter: it achieves polarization conversion ratio (PCR) over 0.97, polarization azimuth angle of almost ±90° and rather low ellipticity within a broad polarization conversion band of 1.25 THz; and additionally, its polarization conversion band can be actively tuned by adjusting the graphene chemical potential and almost insensitive to the incident THz radiation angle below 50°. Considering the high performance of the optimal graphene metamaterial-based tunable broadband THz linear polarization converter, this work provides an optimal design offering a way in high-quality manipulation of THz radiation polarization; but more importantly, delivers a theoretical model for tunable THz polarization converter design and optimization.

13.
Opt Express ; 29(19): 30809-30821, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614800

RESUMO

We present an analysis of the propagation properties of a recently introduced class of conjugate mode partially coherent beams (called "double-H" beams) in a turbulent atmosphere using the extended Huygens-Fresnel integral. We investigate how the phase constant φ0 between the modes plays a role in controlling the evolution of the intensity distribution and resisting the degradation effects of the atmosphere. Our results indicate that this new class of structured beams provides a new degree of freedom for controlling the shape of the beams and improves turbulence resistance, with potential application in free-space optical communications.

14.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Djulis (Chenopodium formosanum Koidz.) is a cereal food and its antioxidant and pigment constituents may protect skin from photoaging, but conclusive experiments have not been carried out. OBJECTIVE: This investigation evaluates the effects of djulis extract as a functional supplement. PATIENTS/METHODS: In this study, the effects of djulis functional drinks on the free radical scavenging activities, promotion of collagen synthesis and protection against oxidative stress and the effects of ultraviolet B (UVB)-irradiated of pUC119 DNA were explored. Thirty healthy subjects (aged 35-55 years old) were randomly allocated to djulis or placebo drinks groups (50 ml of a djulis/placebo drink daily for 8 weeks for each subject) in a double-blind crossover study. RESULTS: The regular consumption of the djulis functional drinks significantly increased levels of the serum biochemical superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (+9.5% and +124.8%) after 8 weeks, relative to baseline controls. The improvements in skin moisture, brightness, elasticity, crow's feet, texture, wrinkles, pores, and collagen content after 8 weeks in the djulis group were +13.3%, +3.8%, +13.2%, -21.8%, -12.1%, -11.0%, -1.4%, and +33.7%, respectively, relative to the baseline without treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These work findings suggest the daily consumption of djulis drinks can protect the skin against oxidative stress-induced damage, delay skin aging and improve skin conditions.

15.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt B): 108240, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666304

RESUMO

Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) is a process of transdifferentiation in which endothelial cells gradually adopt the phenotypic characteristics of mesenchymal cells. Emerging studies demonstrate the importance of EndMT in endothelial dysfunction during inflammation. Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), a member of the mammalian NAD+-dependent deacetylase sirtuin family, plays a critical role in cardiovascular diseases by regulating the inflammatory response. However, little is known about the effect of SIRT6 on EndMT during vascular inflammation. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of SIRT6 on EndMT in endothelium-specific SIRT6 knockout (ecSIRT6-/-) mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) stimulated with inflammatory cytokines. First, we found that TNF-α and IL-1ß co-treatment induced EndMT and down-regulated SIRT6 expression in HUVECs. Adenovirus-mediated SIRT6 overexpression suppressed inflammation-induced EndMT in HUVECs. In contrast, SIRT6 knockdown further promoted EndMT. Our findings also revealed that SIRT6 attenuated the inflammatory response of HUVECs. Additionally, vascular inflammation was induced by carotid artery ligation in ecSIRT6-/- mice. Results showed that the intima of ligated carotid arteries in ecSIRT6-/- mice was significantly thickened compared to that in ecSIRT6+/+ ligated mice. Moreover, endothelium-specific SIRT6 knockout promoted EndMT and increased the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the carotid arteries of mice. These results suggest that SIRT6 inhibits EndMT through attenuating the vascular endothelial inflammatory response. These findings may have significance for reducing the occurrence of EndMT and ameliorating certain aspects of vascular inflammation.

16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 889-895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization and neonatal early-onset GBS disease (GBS-EOD), and to study the factors associated with the development of GBS-EOD in the offspring of pregnant women with GBS colonization. METHODS: A total of 16 384 pregnant women and 16 634 neonates delivered by them were enrolled prospectively who had medical records in Xiamen Maternal and Child Care Hospital, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University, and Zhangzhou Zhengxing Hospital from May 1, 2019 to April 30, 2020. Unified GBS screening time, culture method, and indication for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) were adopted in the three hospitals. The incidence rates of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS-EOD were investigated. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with the development of GBS-EOD in the offspring of pregnant women with GBS colonization. RESULTS: In these three hospitals, the positive rate of GBS culture among the pregnant women in late pregnancy was 11.29% (1 850/16 384), and the incidence rate of neonatal GBS-EOD was 0.96‰ (16/16 634). The admission rate of live infants born to the GBS-positive pregnant women was higher than that of those born to the GBS-negative ones (P<0.05). The live infants born to the GBS-positive pregnant women had a higher incidence rate of GBS-EOD than those born to the GBS-negative ones [6.38‰ (12/1 881) vs 0.27‰ (4/14 725), P<0.05]. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that placental swabs positive for GBS and positive GBS in neonatal gastric juice at birth were independent predictive factors for the development of GBS-EOD (P<0.05), while adequate IAP was a protective factor (P<0.05) in the offspring of pregnant women with GBS colonization. CONCLUSIONS: GBS colonization of pregnant women in late pregnancy has adverse effects on their offspring. It is important to determine prenatal GBS colonization status of pregnant women and administer with adequate IAP based on the indications of IAP to reduce the incidence of neonatal GBS-EOD. Citation.


Assuntos
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Feminino , Humanos , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle , Placenta , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Estreptocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estreptocócicas/epidemiologia , Streptococcus agalactiae
17.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 1604025, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531712

RESUMO

Objectives: Rapid socioeconomic and nutrition transitions in Chinese populations have contributed to the growth in childhood obesity. This study presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of a school- and family-based childhood obesity prevention programme in China. Methods: A trial-based economic evaluation assessed cost-effectiveness at 12 months. Forty schools with 1,641 children were randomised to either receive the multi-component (diet and physical activity) intervention or to continue with usual activities. Both public sector and societal perspectives were adopted. Costs and benefits in the form of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were compared and uncertainty was assessed using established UK and US thresholds. Results: The intervention cost was 35.53 Yuan (£7.04/US$10.01) per child from a public sector perspective and 536.95 Yuan (£106/US$151) from a societal perspective. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was 272.7 Yuan (£54/US$77)/BMI z-score change. The ICER was 8,888 Yuan (£1,760/US$2,502) and 73,831 Yuan (£14,620/US$20,796) per QALY from a public sector and societal perspective, respectively and was cost-effective using UK (£20,000) and US (US$50,000) per QALY thresholds. Conclusion: A multi-component school-based prevention programme is a cost-effective means of preventing childhood obesity in China.


Assuntos
Família , Obesidade Pediátrica , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/economia , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
18.
Front Physiol ; 12: 726345, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588995

RESUMO

Maintenance of telomere length is essential to delay replicative cellular senescence. It is controversial on whether growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) can reverse cellular senescence, and this work aims to establish the causality between GDF11 and the telomere maintenance unequivocally. Using CRISPR/Cas9 technique and a long-term in vitro culture model of cellular senescence, we show here that in vitro genetic deletion of GDF11 causes shortening of telomere length, downregulation of telomeric reverse transcriptase (TERT) and telomeric RNA component (TERC), the key enzyme and the RNA component for extension of the telomere, and reduction of telomerase activity. In contrast, both recombinant and overexpressed GDF11 restore the transcription of TERT in GDF11KO cells to the wild-type level. Furthermore, loss of GDF11-induced telomere shortening is likely caused by enhancing the nuclear entry of SMAD2 which inhibits the transcription of TERT and TERC. Our results provide the first proof-of-cause-and-effect evidence that endogenous GDF11 plays a causal role for proliferative cells to maintain telomere length, paving the way for potential rejuvenation of the proliferative cells, tissues, and organs.

19.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 718959, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421579

RESUMO

Background: National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) proposed the AT(N) system based on ß-amyloid deposition, pathologic tau, and neurodegeneration, which considered the definition of Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a biological construct. However, the associations between different AT(N) combinations and cognitive progression have been poorly explored systematically. The aim of this study is to compare different AT(N) combinations using recognized biomarkers within the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) cohort. Methods: A total of 341 participants were classified into cognitively unimpaired (CU; n = 200) and cognitively impaired (CI; n = 141) groups according to the clinical manifestations and neuropsychological tests. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aß42 and amyloid-PET ([18F]flutemetamol) were used as biomarkers for A; CSF phosphorylated tau (p-tau) and tau-PET ([18F]flortaucipir) were used as biomarkers for T; CSF total tau (t-tau), hippocampal volume, temporal cortical thickness, [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET, and plasma neurofilament light (NfL) were used as biomarkers for (N). Binary biomarkers were obtained from the Youden index and publicly available cutoffs. Prevalence of AT(N) categories was compared between different biomarkers within the group using related independent sample non-parametric test. The relationship between AT(N) combinations and 12-year longitudinal cognition was assessed using linear mixed-effects modeling. Results: Among the CU participants, A-T-(N)- was most common. More T+ were detected using p-tau than tau PET (p < 0.05), and more (N)+ were observed using fluid biomarkers (p < 0.001). A+T+(N)+ was more common in the CI group. Tau PET combined with cortical thickness best predicted cognitive changes in the CI group and MRI predicted changes in the CU group. Conclusions: These findings suggest that optimal AT(N) combinations to determine longitudinal cognition differ by cognitive status. Different biomarkers within a specific component for defining AT(N) cannot be used identically. Furthermore, different strategies for discontinuous biomarkers will be an important area for future studies.

20.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and characteristics of infections in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and analyse risk factors for infection using clinical presentation and biochemical findings of IIM. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of patients with IIM followed up in a single medical centre from January 2008 to January 2018. RESULTS: Of the 779 patients with IIM, 215 (27.6%) suffered from infections. The prevalence of infection in dermatomyositis (DM) (29.8%) was more than polymyositis (PM) (18.5%). The lung was the most common infection site (66.5%). Multivariate analyses demonstrated that methylprednisolone pulse (MP) (OR=3.22; 95% CI=1.60 - 6.48; p=0.001), age of onset >50 years (OR=1.02; 95% CI=1.00 - 1.03; p=0.011), anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody (OR=1.93; 95% CI=1.20 - 3.11; p=0.007), lymphocyte count <1200/mm3 (OR=2.85; 95% CI=1.89 - 4.30; p<0.001), and interstitial lung diseases (ILD) (OR=2.03; 95% CI=1.30 - 3.71; p=0.002) are independent risk factors for infection. Survival analysis demonstrated that the three-year survival rate in the infection group was lower than the no-infection group (75.3% vs. 94.7%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among hospitalised individuals with IIM, infection is frequent and the leading cause of mortality. The anti-MDA5 antibody, lymphopenia, ILD, old age, and treatment with MP are contributing factors in the development of infections in patients with IIM.

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