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1.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 757643, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957095

RESUMO

Fibrinogen-like 1 (FGL1) is involved in liver injury and liver regeneration, but its role in placenta and preeclampsia (PE) remains unclear. We assessed FGL1 expression in serum and placenta from L-NAME-induced PE-like mouse and in women with (n = 38) and without (n = 42) PE. For the mouse study, pregnant C57Bl/6 mouse (n = 6/group) were subcutaneously administered L-NAME with or without FGL1 once daily starting on days 7-14 of pregnancy and were sacrificed on gestational day (GD) 20. Maternal body weight, blood pressure, and urinary protein were assessed during GDs 8-20. The weight and length of the placenta and fetus were assessed. The placental structure was evaluated using hematoxylin staining. In the human study, the sera of the pregnant women during the late trimester were assessed with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). FGL1 expression in human trophoblast cell lines under L-NAME stimulation was measured using Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. The detected FGL1 protein levels in serum and placenta were both significantly upregulated in patients and mouse with PE compared with those in the non-PE groups. FGL1 treatment decreased maternal hypertension and proteinuria, decreased fetal weight in mouse with PE, downregulated proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin-1b and interleukin-6) levels, and maintained the balance between antiangiogenic (fms-like tyrosine kinase-1) and proangiogenic (placental growth factor) substances in the placenta. L-NAME-upregulated FGL1 expression was inhibited following overexpression of FoxO3a. In summary, FoxO3a reduction is a potential pathophysiological mechanism leading to upregulated placental FGL1 expression that may play a pivotal role in preventing PE progression.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(51): 26639-26646, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617376

RESUMO

Copper chromite is decorated with iron carbide nanoparticles, producing a magnetically activatable multifunctional catalytic system. This system (ICNPs@Cu2 Cr2 O5 ) can reduce aromatic ketones to aromatic alcohols when exposed to magnetic induction. Under magnetic excitation, the ICNPs generate locally confined hot spots, selectively activating the Cu2 Cr2 O5 surface while the global temperature remains low (≈80 °C). The catalyst selectively hydrogenates a scope of benzylic and non-benzylic ketones under mild conditions (3 bar H2 , heptane), while ICNPs@Cu2 Cr2 O5 or Cu2 Cr2 O5 are inactive when the same global temperature is adjusted by conventional heating. A flow reactor is presented that allows the use of magnetic induction for continuous-flow hydrogenation at elevated pressure. The excellent catalytic properties of ICNPs@Cu2 Cr2 O5 for the hydrogenation of biomass-derived furfuralacetone are conserved for at least 17 h on stream, demonstrating for the first time the application of a magnetically heated catalyst to a continuously operated hydrogenation reaction in the liquid phase.

3.
Curr Oncol ; 28(5): 4234-4246, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677277

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment is a well-recognized framework in which immune cells present in the tumor microenvironment promote or inhibit cancer formation and development. A crown-like structure (CLS) has been reported as a dying or dead adipocyte surrounded by a 'crown' of macrophages within adipose tissue, which is a histologic hallmark of the inflammatory process in this tissue. CLSs have also been found to be related to formation, progression and prognosis of some types of cancer. However, the presence of CLSs in the omentum of advanced-stage high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) has not been thoroughly investigated. By using CD68, a pan-macrophage marker, and CD163, an M2-like polarization macrophage marker, immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to identify tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and CLSs. This retrospective study analyzed 116 patients with advanced-stage HGSOC who received complete treatment and had available clinical data from July 2008 through December 2016 at National Cheng Kung University Hospital (NCKUH) (Tainan, Taiwan). Based on multivariate Cox regression analysis, patients with omental CD68+ CLSs had poor OS (median survival: 24 vs. 38 months, p = 0.001, hazard ratio (HR): 2.26, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.41-3.61); patients with omental CD163+ CLSs also had poor OS (median survival: 22 vs. 36 months, HR: 2.14, 95%CI: 1.33-3.44, p = 0.002). Additionally, patients with omental CD68+ or CD163+ CLSs showed poor PFS (median survival: 11 vs. 15 months, HR: 2.28, 95%CI: 1.43-3.64, p = 0.001; median survival: 11 vs. 15 months, HR: 2.17, 95%CI: 1.35-3.47, respectively, p = 0.001). Conversely, the density of CD68+ or CD163+ TAMs in ovarian tumors was not associated with patient prognosis in advanced-stage HGSOC in our cohort. In conclusion, we, for the first time, demonstrate that the presence of omental CLSs is associated with poor prognosis in advanced-stage HGSOC.


Assuntos
Omento , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497171

RESUMO

AIM: The safety concern of statins is still a major issue for Asians. The aim of this study is to compare the risk of statin-associated adverse events among potent statins. METHODS: We included patients from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database who had been treated with atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, or pitavastatin and were without diabetes at baseline. They were classified into three groups: usual-dose statin (atorvastatin 10 mg/d or rosuvastatin 5-10 mg/d), high-dose statin (atorvastatin 20-40 mg/d and rosuvastatin 20 mg/d), and pitavastatin (2-4 mg/d). The primary endpoint is a composite of safety events, including hepatitis, myopathy, and new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM). We matched age, sex, and year of recruitment among the three groups (n=50,935 in each group) and then used the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model to evaluate the relation between the safety endpoint and different statin groups. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 3.08±0.83 years, the safety events occurred in 9.84% in the pitavastatin group, 10.88% in the usual-dose statin group, and 10.49% in high-dose statin group. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model indicated that usual-dose statin and high-dose statin were associated with a higher risk of the composite safety events compared with pitavastatin (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-1.17 for usual-dose statin and aHR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02-1.10 for high-dose statin). The risks of hepatitis requiring hospitalization and NODM were especially lower in pitavastatin group. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with atorvastatin and rosuvastatin, pitavastatin might be associated with a lower risk of safety events in Asians.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480791

RESUMO

AIMS: In contrast to Western patients with breast cancer, Asian patients are relatively younger at diagnosis, and most are free from traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Despite trastuzumab-related major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) being reported, its incidence and predictors remain unknown in Taiwan. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through a three-hospital retrospective cohort study, we analysed the incidence of MACCE in 386 breast cancer patients' exposure to trastuzumab from 2010 to 2018. To further reconfirm our findings, in a nationwide study using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database and National Cancer Registry, we identified 13 502 women diagnosed with breast cancer who received chemotherapy from 2010 to 2015 and found 6751 women who received initial treatment with trastuzumab. After 1:1 propensity score matching with trastuzumab non-users, the incidence of MACCE was measured with a median follow-up of 36 months. In the hospital-based study, among 386 patients receiving trastuzumab, the 5-year incidences of MACCE and heart failure (HF) were 5.4 and 2.8%, respectively. In the national cohort, the crude incidences of MACCEs and HF were 4.67 and 3.21%, respectively. After adjustment for age and comorbidities, the hazard ratio of MACCE was 1.485 (95% CI 1.246-1.769). Notably, among the endpoints, only the hazard ratio of HF was significantly higher in patients receiving trastuzumab than in nonusers. In the subgroup analysis, except for patients also using taxanes, those receiving trastuzumab had a higher risk of MACCE than non-users. CONCLUSIONS: From clinical observations in a nationwide cohort, we found an increased risk of MACCE, especially HF, in patients receiving trastuzumab. Given that its cardiotoxicity is independent of traditional cardiovascular risks, our findings highlight critical concerns regarding the cardiac safety of trastuzumab use.

6.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 83(2): 569-579, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differences exist regarding post-stroke cognitive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study investigates the potential factors associated with post-stroke cognitive performance and trajectories. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study using serial monitoring of cognitive function over a 1-year period after a first-ever ischemic stroke. Small vessel disease (SVD) burden and hippocampal atrophy (HA) were evaluated using the modified cerebral small vessel disease scores (mCSVD) and medial temporal atrophy score (MTA) scores. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) model and a group-based trajectory model (GBTM) was used to analyze the potential factors associated with post-stroke cognitive outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 112 patients were enrolled. The GEE model showed that all patients, regardless of initial cognitive performance, had a tendency to show an increase in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment over time. The cognitive performance was better in male patients with higher education levels (p = 0.046 and p < 0.001, respectively), but tended to be worse in patients with higher SVD burden and HA. The GBTM model grouped patients into low, intermediate, and high performance (LP, IP, and HP) after stroke. A higher SVD burden, rather than HA and initial stroke severity and location, independently predicted a higher odds of poor post-stroke cognitive trajectory (being in the LP group) after stroke (adjusted odds ratio 2.74, 95%CI 1.09-6.86). CONCLUSION: In patients with first-ever mild stroke, cognitive improvement over time was evident. The detrimental impact of the SVD burden may outweigh the effect of HA or acute stroke insult on the post-stroke cognitive trajectory during the 1-year follow-up.

7.
NPJ Schizophr ; 7(1): 35, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226568

RESUMO

Early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) may have stronger familial aggregation and a more severe outcome than adult-onset schizophrenia (AOS). MicroRNA (miRNA) takes on dual roles as a genetic and epigenetic modulator, which may mediate the influence of genetic risk. Neurological soft signs (NSS) are neurological abnormalities that may be intermediate phenotypes or endophenotypes for schizophrenia. Our previous study found poorer performance on NSS tests from patients with EOS and their unaffected first-degree relatives. Thus, we aimed to identify a set of aberrant neurodevelopmental-related miRNAs that could serve as potential biomarkers for EOS or schizophrenia with NSS. This study included 215 schizophrenia patients (104 EOS and 111 AOS), 72 unaffected first-degree relatives, 31 patients with bipolar disorder, and 100 healthy controls. Differential expression analysis revealed that miR-137, miR-34b, and miR-34c were significantly up-regulated in patients with schizophrenia and their unaffected first-degree relatives compared to healthy controls. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the miR-137 expression signature could be used to discriminate between patients with EOS and healthy controls (AUC = 0.911). Additionally, miR-34b had the highest ability to discriminate between EOS and AOS (AUC = 0.810), which may indicate different aetiological pathways to disease onset. Moreover, miR-137 dysregulation was correlated with almost all NSS subscales (i.e., sensory integration, motor sequencing, etc.) and, when EOS patients with NSS, miR-137 expression discriminated these patients from healthy controls to a greater extent (AUC = 0.957). These findings support the potential for neurodevelopmental-related miRNAs to be used as indicators of vulnerability to EOS.

10.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(5)2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065585

RESUMO

Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening disease with different etiologies and outcomes. We aimed to explore differences in clinical features and outcomes of idiopathic PAH (iPAH) and connective tissue disease-related PAH (CTD-PAH) in Taiwanese patients and determine risk factors for mortality. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with right-sided heart catheterization-diagnosed PAH between January 2005 and December 2015. The iPAH (n = 31) and CTD-PAH (n = 14) patients were enrolled and followed until December 31, 2019. Between-group comparisons were conducted. Potential predictors of the mortality of PAH were determined using the Cox proportional hazard regression model. Results: CTD-PAH patients had higher levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and lower predicted diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) than iPAH patients. The mortality rates were similar between CTD-PAH and iPAH (21.4% vs. 22.6%, p = 0.99). A mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) > 46 mmHg was a predictor of PAH-induced mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 21.8, 95% confidence interval 2.32-204.8). Conclusions: A higher mPAP level, but not underlying CTDs, imposed a significantly increased risk of mortality to patients with PAH.

11.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251109, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979377

RESUMO

Recent clinical trials showed that short aspirin duration (1 or 3 months) in dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy reduced the risk of bleeding and did not increase the ischemic risk compared to 12-month DAPT in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, it is unclear about the optimal duration of aspirin in P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of aspirin treatment duration on clinical outcomes in a cohort of ACS patients with early aspirin interruption and received P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy. From January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018, we included 498 ACS patients (age 70.18 ± 12.84 years, 71.3% men) with aspirin stopped for various reasons before 6 months after PCI and received P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy. The clinical outcomes between those with aspirin treatment ≤ 1 month and > 1 month were compared in 12-month follow up after PCI. Inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to balance the covariates between groups. The mean duration of aspirin treatment was 7.52 ± 8.10 days vs. 98.05 ± 56.70 days in the 2 groups (p<0.001). The primary composite endpoint of all-cause mortality, recurrent ACS or unplanned revascularization and stroke occurred in 12.6% and 14.4% in the 2 groups (adjusted HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.85-1.68). The safety outcome of BARC 3 or 5 bleeding was also similar (adjusted HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.34-1.40) between the 2 groups. In conclusion, patients with ≤ 1 month aspirin treatment had similar clinical outcomes to those with treatment > 1 month. Our results indicated that ≤ 1-month aspirin may be enough in P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy strategy for ACS patients undergoing PCI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Duração da Terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Receptores Purinérgicos P2Y12/metabolismo , Taiwan
12.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 165, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nintedanib is effective for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but some patients may exhibit a suboptimal response and develop on-treatment acute exacerbation (AE-IPF), hepatic injury, or mortality. It remains unclear which patients are at risk for these adverse outcomes. METHODS: We analysed the demographic and clinical data, baseline plasma levels of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) and surfactant protein A (SPA), and longitudinal clinical courses of a real-world cohort of IPF patients who received nintedanib ≥ 14 days between March 2017 and December 2020. Cox proportional-hazards regression, subdistribution hazards regression, and sensitivity analyses were performed to investigate the association between baseline predictors and AE-IPF, mortality, and nintedanib-related hepatic injury. The relationship between baseline predictors and pulmonary function decline was determined. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were included, of whom 24 (42%) developed hepatic injury, 20 (35%) had AE-IPF, and 16 (28%) died on-treatment. A baseline plasma KL-6 level ≥ 2.5 ng/mL, and diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 55% predicted, were associated with increased risk of hepatic injury (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] was 3.46; 95% CI 1.13-10.60; p = 0.029 for KL-6, and 6.05; 95% CI 1.89-19.32; p = 0.002 for DLCO). Both factors also predicted severe and recurrent hepatic injury. Patients with baseline KL-6 ≥ 2.5 ng/mL also had a higher risk of AE-IPF (aHR 4.52; 95% CI 1.63-12.55; p = 0.004). For on-treatment mortality, baseline KL-6 ≥ 3.5 ng/mL and SPA ≥ 600 pg/mL were significant predictors (aHR 5.39; 95% CI 1.16-24.97; p = 0.031 for KL-6, and aHR 12.28; 95% CI 2.06-73.05; p = 0.006 for SPA). Results from subdistribution hazard regression and sensitivity analyses supported these findings. Patients with elevated baseline plasma KL-6 levels also exhibited a trend towards faster pulmonary function decline. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with IPF who are receiving nintedanib, we have identified baseline predictors, in particular plasma KL-6 levels, for the risk of adverse outcomes. Patients with these predictors may require close monitoring for unfavourable responses during treatment. Our findings also support the prognostic role of molecular markers like KL-6 and may contribute to future formulation of more individualized therapeutic strategies for IPF.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Mucina-1/sangue , Proteína A Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/sangue , Masculino , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia is associated with a higher mortality rate and prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay for critically ill patients. CMV infection causes transient but substantial immunosuppression for transplant recipients, increasing risk of fungal infection. The association between CMV viremia and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) for critically ill patients is still unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients received bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), galactomannan test, influenza survey and blood CMV viral load test in ICUs of a university hospital between April 2017 and May 2020. Independent risks for IPA were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 136 patients were included. Twenty-one patients had IPA, 48 patients had CMV viremia and 22 patients had influenza. In a multivariable logistic regression model, patients with CMV viremia or influenza had higher IPA risk (adjusted odds ratio, 3.98 and 8.72; 95% CI, 1.26-12.60 and 2.64-28.82; p value = 0.019 and <0.001, respectively.). Patients with detectable CMV in BAL fluid did not have higher IPA risk (crude odds ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.33-2.79; p value = 0.933). After stratifying patients by CMV viral load, the IPA risk is higher for patients with higher viral loads. There is an additive synergistic effect on IPA risk between CMV viremia and influenza infection. CONCLUSION: For critically ill patients, CMV viremia is an independent risk factor of IPA. Patients with higher blood CMV viral loads have a higher risk of IPA. CMV viremia and influenza have an additive synergistic effect for IPA risk in critically ill patients.

14.
Int Heart J ; 62(2): 246-255, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731521

RESUMO

Whether reduced-dose prasugrel has a better efficacy or safety than standard-dose clopidogrel remains unknown in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library from database inception to May 1, 2020 was performed to compare the clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome or stable coronary artery disease undergoing PCI between those treated with reduced-dose prasugrel and clopidogrel. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using the fixed-effect or random-effect model if significant heterogeneity was observed. The primary efficacy endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction (MI), or ischemic stroke. The primary safety endpoint was all bleeding events.Overall, seven studies with 32,951 patients with PCI were included in the analysis. Reduced-dose prasugrel was associated with a lower risk of MACE than clopidogrel (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.67-0.97). Except for MI (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.56-0.98), the secondary efficacy endpoints of CV death, ischemic stroke, all-cause death, and stent thrombosis were similar. For the primary safety endpoint of all bleeding events, there was no significant difference between reduced-dose prasugrel and clopidogrel (OR 1.31, 95% CI 0.87-1.98), but the risk of minor bleeding was significantly higher in reduced-dose prasugrel (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.25-2.41).In patients undergoing PCI, a lower risk of MACE was found in patients receiving reduced-dose prasugrel than in those with clopidogrel, but a higher risk of minor bleeding events was noted.


Assuntos
Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
J Clin Med ; 10(1)2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466363

RESUMO

Generic quality of life (QoL) is an important issue in decision making related to the primary treatment of localized prostate cancer (PC). This study assessed the dynamic changes of QoL in patients with localized PC under different treatment modalities. From 2013 to 2018, we prospectively assessed QoL scores in patients with localized PC under unitary treatment using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) BREF version. The trajectories of the QoL scores after different treatments were estimated using a kernel-smoothing method. Dynamic changes in the major determinants were analyzed using a mixed effects model. The clinical features of the participants in our institute were compared with PC patients in Taiwan's cancer registry. A total of 196 patients were enrolled with 491 repeated assessments. The participants shared similar clinical characteristics with the PC patients in Taiwan as a whole. Patients with lower household incomes showed statistically significant lower scores on all four domains and related facets, while PC survivors with comorbidities of anxiety and/or diabetes appeared to be affected on the physical domain and related facets. After controlling for these determinants, patients under active surveillance or observation demonstrated significantly higher QoL scores in the physical and social domains, as well as several facets belonging to these domains, in mixed models compared with patients undergoing radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy within the first year. The generic QoL scores were higher within the first year in patients receiving active surveillance or observation after controlling other significant factors. The difference diminished after one year of post management. More studies are needed to corroborate our findings.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(18)2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961983

RESUMO

Reprogramming of cellular energy metabolism, such as lipid metabolism, is a hallmark of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, whether protein expression related to fatty acid oxidation (FAO) affects survival in SCCHN remains unclear. We aimed to investigate FAO-related enzyme expression and determine its correlation with clinicopathological variables in SCCHN patients. Immunohistochemical analysis (IHC) of FAO-related protein expression, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1), the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family, and fatty acid synthase (FAS), was performed using tissue microarrays from 102 resected SCCHN tumors. Expressions were categorized according to IHC scores, and the statistical association with clinicopathological factors was determined. Moderate-to-high expression of long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) had a protective role against cancer-related death (adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 0.2; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.05-0.87) after covariate adjustment. Age and clinical stage remained independent predictors of survival (adjusted HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.22-2.49 for age; adjusted HR, 14.33; 95% CI, 1.89-108.60 for stage III/IV disease). Overexpression of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and FAS correlated with advanced tumor stage (T3/T4); however, none of these factors were independent predictors of survival. Several FAO-related enzymes were upregulated and LCAD overexpression had a protective effect on overall survival in advanced SCCHN patients. FAO-related-enzyme expression might have a prognostic impact on survival outcomes in SCCHN.


Assuntos
Acil-CoA Desidrogenase de Cadeia Longa/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo , Ácido Graxo Sintases/metabolismo , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/enzimologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/enzimologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Regulação para Cima
18.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy is an alternative antiplatelet strategy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the ideal P2Y12 inhibitor for monotherapy is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a multicenter, retrospective, observational study to compare the efficacy and safety of monotherapy with clopidogrel versus ticagrelor in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing PCI. From 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2018, 610 patients with ACS who received P2Y12 monotherapy with either clopidogrel (n = 369) or ticagrelor (n = 241) after aspirin was discontinued prematurely were included. Inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to balance covariates between the groups. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause mortality, recurrent ACS or unplanned revascularization, and stroke within 12 months after discharge. Overall, 84 patients reached the primary endpoint, with 57 (15.5%) in the clopidogrel group and 27 (11.2%) in the ticagrelor group. Multivariate adjustment in Cox proportional-hazards models revealed a lower risk of the primary endpoint with ticagrelor than with clopidogrel (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.49-0.93). Ticagrelor significantly reduced the risk of recurrent ACS or unplanned revascularization (aHR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.28-0.75). No significant difference in all-cause mortality and major bleeding events was observed between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with ACS undergoing PCI who cannot complete course of dual antiplatelet therapy, a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular events was associated with ticagrelor monotherapy than with clopidogrel monotherapy. The major bleeding risk was similar in both the groups.

19.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 87, 2020 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer subtype switching, which involves unclear cancer cell origin, cell fate decision, and transdifferentiation of cells within a confined tumor microenvironment, remains a major problem in pancreatic cancer (PDA). RESULTS: By analyzing PDA subtypes in The Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified that epigenetic silencing of apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase (AATK) inversely was correlated with mRNA expression and was enriched in the quasi-mesenchymal cancer subtype. By comparing early mouse pancreatic lesions, the non-invasive regions showed AATK co-expression in cells with acinar-to-ductal metaplasia, nuclear VAV1 localization, and cell cycle suppression; but the invasive lesions conversely revealed diminished AATK expression in those with poorly differentiated histology, cytosolic VAV1 localization, and co-expression of p63 and HNF1α. Transiently activated AATK initiates acinar differentiation into a ductal cell fate to establish apical-basal polarization in acinar-to-ductal metaplasia. Silenced AATK and ectopically expressed p63 and HNF1α allow the proliferation of ductal PanINs in mice. CONCLUSION: Epigenetic silencing of AATK regulates the cellular transdifferentiation, proliferation, and cell cycle progression in converting PDA-subtypes.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Metaplasia/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Idoso , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Metilação de DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Inativação Gênica , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Humanos , Metaplasia/diagnóstico , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Transativadores/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
20.
Dalton Trans ; 49(20): 6635-6643, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367097

RESUMO

We report the synthesis of a novel heteroheptanuclear metal string complex (HMSC) [Ni3Ru2Ni2(µ7-teptra)4(NCS)2](PF6) 1 supported by tetra-pyridyl-tri-amine (H3teptra) ligands. We employed X-ray diffraction and other spectroscopic techniques to characterize the complex. The observed remarkably short Ru-Ru distance of 2.2499(3) Å for 1 is indicative of a unique metal-metal interaction in the mixed-valence [Ru2]5+ (S = 3/2) unit. The complex exhibits a relatively high magnetic moment value of 4.55 B.M. at 4 K, which increases rapidly to 6.00 B.M. at 30 K and remains at 6.11 B.M. from 50 to 300 K as shown by SQUID measurements, indicating a high spin (S≥ 3/2) system which is further supported by the analyses of EPR spectra at low temperatures. These magnetic behaviors can be ascribed to the result of spin-exchange interactions among multi-spin centers.

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