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1.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939037

RESUMO

This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of holmium laser technologies (HoL-Ts) and photoselective greenlight vaporization (PVP) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and to perform a meta-analysis according to the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines on PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalTrial.gov, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to August 2019. Functional outcomes, perioperative parameters, and complications were included and analyzed. Review Manager 5.3 (Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, UK) was used to perform all analyses. A total of six articles composed of 2014 patients were included in this review. In comparison with PVP, HoL-Ts had a better performance in 1-, 3-, and 6-month Qmax (P = 0.02, but I2 = 81%), with less postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) (MD = -33.85, 95% CI -52.13 to -15.57, P = 0.0003) and less total energy used (MD = -31.66, 95% CI -58.99 to -4.33, P = 0.02). Moreover, HoL-Ts had a relatively lower risk of conversion rate (OR = 0.08, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.60, P = 0.01) associated with enough enucleation and less intraoperative bleeding. Subgroup analysis of holmium laser enucleation of prostate (HoLEP) versus PVP suggested that HoLEP presented better results in 1-, 3-, 6-month and 1-year Qmax with less PVR, less energy consumption, and lower conversion rate. Compared with PVP, HoL-Ts had higher 1-, 3-, and 6-month Qmax, less PVR, and less total energy consumption with a relatively lower risk of conversion rate. In subgroup analyses, HoLEP had shown better results in accordance with all HoL-Ts. Nevertheless, well-designed RCTs including overall functional indicators are required to confirm our findings.

2.
Asian J Androl ; 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169138

RESUMO

This study aimed to further validate the prognostic role of fibrinogen in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) in a large Chinese cohort. A total of 703 patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy were retrospectively identified. Fibrinogen levels of ≥4.025 g l-1 were defined as elevated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the association between fibrinogen and adverse pathological features. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression models were used to assess the associations of fibrinogen with cancer-specific survival (CSS), disease recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS). Harrell c-index and decision curve analysis were used to assess the clinical utility of multivariate models. The median follow-up duration was 42 (range: 1-168) months. Logistic regression analysis revealed that elevated fibrinogen was associated with higher tumor stage and grade, lymph node involvement, lymphovascular invasion, sessile carcinoma, concomitant variant histology, and positive surgical margins (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that elevated fibrinogen was independently associated with decreased CSS (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.33; P < 0.001), RFS (HR: 2.09; P < 0.001), and OS (HR: 2.09; P < 0.001). The predictive accuracies of the multivariate models were improved by 3.2%, 2.0%, and 2.8% for CSS, RFS, and OS, respectively, when fibrinogen was added. Decision curve analysis showed an added benefit for CSS prediction when fibrinogen was added to the model. Preoperative fibrinogen may be a strong independent predictor of worse oncologic outcomes in UTUC; therefore, it may be valuable to apply this marker to the current risk stratification in UTUC.

3.
Prostate ; 79(10): 1180-1190, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104320

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Both oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in prostate cancer cell apoptosis or proliferation; however, the mechanisms underlying these processes remain unclear. Thus, we selected interleukin-8 (IL-8) as the bridge between inflammation and cancer cell oxidative stress-induced death and aimed to confirm its connection with mTOR and Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3ß). METHODS: We overexpressed GSK-3ß and observed its effect on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress-induced cell death. IL-8 was then upregulated or downregulated to determine its impact on preventing cell damage due to GSK-3ß-induced oxidative stress. In addition, we overexpressed or knocked down mTOR to confirm its role in this process. Real-time PCR, Western blotting, transcription, Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8), and flow cytometry analyses were performed in addition to the use of other techniques. RESULTS: IL-8 promotes prostate cancer cell proliferation and decreases apoptosis, whereas GSK-3ß activates the caspase-3 signaling pathway by increasing ROS and thereby induces oxidative stress-mediated cell death. In addition, mTOR can also decrease activation of the caspase-3 signaling pathway by inhibiting GSK-3 and thus decreasing ROS production. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of IL-8 on GSK-3ß occurs through the regulation of mTOR. CONCLUSION: The results of this study highlight the importance of GSK-3ß, which increases the production of ROS and thereby induces oxidative stress in tumor cells, whereas IL-8 and mTOR attenuate oxidative stress to protect prostate cancer cells through inhibition of GSK-3ß.

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