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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 101, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900395

RESUMO

Sensitive photodetection is crucial for modern optoelectronic technology. Two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) with unique crystal structure, and extraordinary electrical and optical properties is a promising candidate for ultrasensitive photodetection. Previously reported methods to improve the performance of MoS2 photodetectors have focused on complex hybrid systems in which leakage paths and dark currents inevitably increase, thereby reducing the photodetectivity. Here, we report an ultrasensitive negative capacitance (NC) MoS2 phototransistor with a layer of ferroelectric hafnium zirconium oxide film in the gate dielectric stack. The prototype photodetectors demonstrate a hysteresis-free ultra-steep subthreshold slope of 17.64 mV/dec and ultrahigh photodetectivity of 4.75 × 1014 cm Hz1/2 W-1 at room temperature. The enhanced performance benefits from the combined action of the strong photogating effect induced by ferroelectric local electrostatic field and the voltage amplification based on ferroelectric NC effect. These results address the key challenges for MoS2 photodetectors and offer inspiration for the development of other optoelectronic devices.

2.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-6, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603353

RESUMO

Purpose: The consequences of malnutrition include increased risk of many complications. The assessment and management of nutritional problems are essential in supportive care of patients undergoing therapy. The primary objective of the present study was to assess changes in the nutritional status in lung cancer patients who had undergone chemotherapy. Patients and methods: Preliminary and post-chemotherapy assessments of patients' nutritional status and medical characteristics were conducted using the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) from July 2014 to May 2016 at Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital. Four hundred sixty-five advanced lung cancer patients (51.8% men and 48.2% women with a mean (SD) age of 60.2 ± 9.8 years) participated in the present study. PG-SGA was assessed prior to the initiation of chemotherapy and after four cycles of chemotherapy. Results: We found that 11.4% of the patients were severely malnourished and 65.6% of the patients were moderately malnourished prior to chemotherapy. After chemotherapy, 52.9% of the patients were considered moderately malnourished, whereas 33.8% were severely malnourished. The nutritional status had deteriorated in the majority of patients. After chemotherapy, there was a rise in the prevalence of nutrition impact symptoms. Conclusions: A deteriorated nutritional status was the result of the side effects caused by chemotherapy in the patients of the present study. These findings highlight that more attention should be paid to improve the nutritional status in patients with advanced lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy, and proper nutrition education and nutritional support should be provided to these patients.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(42): 38895-38901, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556289

RESUMO

A Schottky barrier is a double-edged sword in electronic and optoelectronic devices, especially devices based on two-dimensional materials. It may restrict the carrier transport in devices, but it can also realize multifunctional devices by architecture design. We designed a simple but novel device structure based on theWSe2-Cr Schottky junction with an asymmetric Schottky contact area of the source and drain. A significant rectification ratio over 105 and multiple rectifying states (e.g., full pass, forward pass, off, and backward pass) were achieved in the single Schottky junction tuned by gate voltage. Furthermore, switching characteristic, rectification characteristic, and amplitude of a sin wave can be effectively modulated by the electrical field or light illumination in a signal process circuit based on the WSe2-Cr Schottky junction. The highly tunable Schottky junction working as a multimode signal processor unit has great potential in future optoelectronic-integrated chips.

4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 6(15): 1901050, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406679

RESUMO

Broadening the spectral range of photodetectors is an essential topic in photonics. Traditional photodetectors are widely used; however, the realization of ultrabroad spectrum photodetectors remains a challenge. Here, a photodetector constructed by a hybrid quasi-freestanding structure of organic ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)) with molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is demonstrated. The 2D MoS2 with the ultrathin structure brings a great benefit of heat dissipation for the pyroelectric infrared detector. By coupling the mechanisms of pyroelectrics, photoconductor, and phototransistor effect, an ultrabroad spectrum response ranging from ultraviolet (375 nm) to long-wavelength infrared (10 µm) is achieved. In the 2.76-10 µm spectral range, the 2D MoS2 is used to read and amplify the photocurrent induced by the pyroelectric effect of P(VDF-TrFE). The sensitivity of the device in this spectral range is greatly enhanced. A high responsivity of 140 mA W-1, an on/off photocurrent switching ratio up to 103, and a quick response of 5.5 ms are achieved. Moreover, the ferroelectric polarization field dramatically enhances the photoconductive properties of MoS2 and restrains dark current and noise. This approach constitutes a reliable route toward realizing high-performance photodetectors with a remarkable ultrabroad spectrum response, high responsivity, low power consumption, and room-temperature operation.

5.
Neurol Res ; 41(9): 780-790, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092134

RESUMO

Objectives-Elevated protein O-GlcNAcylation could benefit cell survival and promote organ functional recovery. Thiamet-G (O-GlcNAcase inhibitor) could upregulate protein O-GlcNAcylation level to improve dyskinesia in models of neurodegenerative diseases without any obvious detrimental side-effects. Therefore, we conducted this study to investigate the effects of protein O-GlcNAcylation upregulation by Thiamet-G on the spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Methods-We randomly assigned 74 rats to three groups: sham-operated group (Sham) with no lesion (n = 22), injured control group (SCI+SS) with saline solution (n = 26), and Thiamet-G treated group (SCI+Thiamet-G) (n = 26). We assessed Locomotor behavior using the Basso, Beattice, and Bresnahan (BBB) scale and evaluated histopathological alterations by morphometry and histochemistry. We also assessed potential inflammatory effects by microglia/macrophages immunohistochemistry, and potential apoptosis effects by caspase-3 western blot. Results-Thiamet-G treatment improved hindlimb motor functional recovery by inducing elevated protein O-GlcNAcylation, and mitigated the severity, reduced the lesion size and promoted the structural recovery of the injured spinal cord. Thiamet-G treatment also inhibited microglia/macrophages infiltration at the injury sites and the caspase-3 mediated apoptosis pathway. Discussion-We conclude that Thiamet-G induced elevated protein O-GlcNAcylation to ameliorate acute SCI, which could provide a potential novel therapeutic approach for SCI treatment.


Assuntos
Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Piranos/farmacologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Medula Espinal/patologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia
6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(26): 23667-23672, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144499

RESUMO

Recently, two-dimensional (2D) materials, especially transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), have attracted extensive interest owing to their potential applications in optoelectronics. Here, we demonstrate a hybrid 2D-zero-dimensional (0D) photodetector, which consists of a single-layer or few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin film and a thin layer of core/shell zinc cadmium selenide/zinc sulfide (ZnCdSe/ZnS) colloidal quantum dots (QDs). It is worth mentioning that the photoresponsivity of the hybrid 2D-0D photodetector is 3 orders of magnitude larger than the TMDC photodetector (from 10 to 104 A W-1). The detectivity of the hybrid structure detector is up to 1012 Jones, and the gain is up to 105. Due to an effective energy transfer from the photoexcited QD sensitizing layer to MoS2 films, light absorption is enhanced and more excitons are generated. Thus, this hybrid 2D-0D photodetector takes advantage of high charge mobility in the MoS2 layer and efficient photon absorption/exciton generation in the QDs, which suggests their promising applications in the development of TMDC-based optoelectronic devices.

7.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 2225-2231, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962711

RESUMO

Background: Mortality of lung cancer in northern China has been increasing at an alarming speed. The consequences of malnutrition may include an increased risk of many complications. However, the nutritional status in advanced lung cancer patients is still unknown. So the aims of this research are to report on the prevalence of malnutrition in our population, the proportion of participants requiring nutrition interventions, and the relationship between nutritional status at diagnosis and overall survival (OS). Patients and methods: We evaluated 495 patients with advanced lung cancer (stage IIIB and IV). Nutritional status was estimated by the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). This study investigated the clinical significance of PG-SGA scores at admission by following OS. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the log-rank test were used to calculate OS. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the OS were performed using Cox analysis. Results: Our results showed that 88.9% of the patients required nutrition intervention and 25.1% of the patients required improved nutrition-related symptom management and/or urgent nutritional support (PG-SGA score ≥9). Factors related to malnutrition were age, sex, pathology, TNM stage, smoking condition, anemia, body mass index, pre-albumin, and albumin. The research outcomes indicated that PG-SGA score at admission was significantly associated with OS, which was still maintained when stratified by age and sex. Conclusion: Malnutrition was prevalent in patients with advanced lung cancer. Poor nutritional status was associated with worse clinical outcomes.

8.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 347-358, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643460

RESUMO

Background: ceRNAs have emerged as pivotal players in the regulation of gene expression and play a crucial role in the physiology and development of various cancers. Nevertheless, the function and underlying mechanisms of ceRNAs in esophageal cancer (EC) are still largely unknown. Methods: In this study, profiles of DEmRNAs, DElncRNAs, and DEmiRNAs between normal and EC tumor tissue samples were obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas database using the DESeq package in R by setting the adjusted P<0.05 and |log2(fold change)|>2 as the cutoff. The ceRNA network (ceRNet) was initially constructed to reveal the interaction of these ceRNAs during carcinogenesis based on the bioinformatics of miRcode, miRDB, miRTarBase, and TargetScan. Then, independent microarray data of GSE6188, GSE89102, and GSE92396 and correlation analysis were used to validate molecular biomarkers in the initial ceRNet. Finally, a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression model was built using an oncogenic ceRNet to diagnose EC more accurately. Results: We successfully constructed an oncogenic ceRNet of EC, crosstalk of hsa-miR372-centered CADM2-ADAMTS9-AS2 and hsa-miR145-centered SERPINE1-PVT1. In addition, the risk-score model -0.0053*log2(CADM2)+0.0168*log2(SERPINE1)-0.0073*log2(ADAMTS9-AS2)+0.0905*log2(PVT1)+0.0047*log2(hsa-miR372)-0.0193*log2(hsa-miR145), (log2[gene count]) could improve diagnosis of EC with an AUC of 0.988. Conclusion: We identified two novel pairs of ceRNAs in EC and its role of diagnosis. The pairs of hsa-miR372-centered CADM2-ADAMTS9-AS2 and hsa-miR145-centered SERPINE1-PVT1 were likely potential carcinogenic mechanisms of EC, and their joint detection could improve diagnostic accuracy.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(5): 7579-7586, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30370535

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) poses a significant threat to public health worldwide, while the genetic and epigenetic abnormalities involved in the oncogenesis of LUAD remains unknown. This study aimed to identify and validate key genes during the development and progression of LUAD by multiomics analysis. First, Empirical Analysis of Digital Gene Expression Data in R (EdgeR) was used to identify differentially regulated genes between normal samples and LUAD samples. Then significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) was used to identify differentially methylated genes and regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) between normal samples and LUAD samples. Following that, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG)-enrichment analysis was used to analyze the function that these genes enriched in. A total of 4,816 genes, 419 miRNAs, and 4,476 methylated genes that were significantly differentially expressed corresponding to the normal tissues in LUAD were obtained, and some of the pathways these genes enriched in were the same. Moreover, 255 genes differentially methylated and expressed at the same time were also found, and these 255 genes were the target genes of the miRNAs differentially expressed in LUAD. Finally, nine genes (BRCA1, COL1A1, ESR1, FGFR2, HNF4A, IGFBP3, MET, MMP3, and PAK1) network analysis, and two of which were found to be related to the survival of LUAD patients. In summary, a total of nine genes that may play important roles in the development of LUAD were identified, and two (PAK1 and FGFR2) of them can be served as prognostic biomarkers for LUAD patients. The genes found in this study played different roles in the tumor progression of LUAD, indicating these genes may be considered as potential target genes for LUAD treatment.

10.
Nanotechnology ; 29(48): 485204, 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30215619

RESUMO

Photodetectors with two-dimensional (2D) materials on a SiO2/Si substrate have been extensively explored. However, these photodetectors often suffer from a large gate voltage and relatively low photoresponsivity due to the low efficiency light absorption of 2D materials. Here, we develop a MoS2 photodetector based on the Al2O3/ITO (indium tin oxide)/SiO2/Si substrate with ultrahigh photoresponsivity of 2.7 × 104 A W-1. Most of the incident light is reflected by the interface of stacked Al2O3/ITO/SiO2 substrate, which significantly increases the light absorption of 2D materials. With the help of thinner and high-κ Al2O3 dielectric, the current ON/OFF ratio could exceed 109 with a gate voltage no more than 2 V. Enhanced gate regulation also brings about a relatively high mobility of 84 cm2 V-1 s-1 and subthreshold swing of 104 mV dec-1. Additionally, two different photocurrent generation mechanisms have also been revealed by tuning the gate voltage. The reflection-enhancement substrate assisted MoS2 photodetector provides a new idea for improving the performance of 2D material photodetectors, which can be perfectly combined with other methods.

11.
Nanotechnology ; 29(10): 105202, 2018 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384728

RESUMO

In recent years, the electrical characteristics of WSe2 field-effect transistors (FETs) have been widely investigated with various dielectrics. Among them, being able to perfectly tune the polarity of WSe2 is meaningful and promising work. In this work, we systematically study the electrical properties of bilayer WSe2 FETs modulated by ferroelectric polymer poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)). Compared to traditional gate dielectric SiO2, the P(VDF-TrFE) can not only tune both electron and hole concentrations to the same high level, but also improve the hole mobility of bilayer WSe2 to 265.96 cm2 V-1 s-1 under SiO2 gating. Its drain current on/off ratio is also improved to 2 × 105 for p-type and 4 × 105 for n-type driven by P(VDF-TrFE). More importantly, the ambipolar behaviors of bilayer WSe2 are effectively achieved and maintained because of the remnant polarization field of P(VDF-TrFE). This work indicates that WSe2 FETs with P(VDF-TrFE) gating have huge potential for complementary logic transistor applications, and paves an effective way to achieve in-plane p-n junctions.

12.
Small ; 14(9)2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29356363

RESUMO

Van der Waals heterostructures based on 2D layered materials have received wide attention for their multiple applications in optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells, light-emitting devices, and photodiodes. In this work, high-performance photovoltaic photodetectors based on MoTe2 /MoS2 vertical heterojunctions are demonstrated by exfoliating-restacking approach. The fundamental electric properties and band structures of the junction are revealed and analyzed. It is shown that this kind of photodetectors can operate under zero bias with high on/off ratio (>105 ) and ultralow dark current (≈3 pA). Moreover, a fast response time of 60 µs and high photoresponsivity of 46 mA W-1 are also attained at room temperature. The junctions based on 2D materials are expected to constitute the ultimate functional elements of nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic applications.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 29(13): 134002, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29339566

RESUMO

Graphene has received numerous attention for future nanoelectronics and optoelectronics. The Dirac point is a key parameter of graphene that provides information about its carrier properties. There are lots of methods to tune the Dirac point of graphene, such as chemical doping, impurities, defects, and disorder. In this study, we report a different approach to tune the Dirac point of graphene using a ferroelectric polarization field. The Dirac point can be adjusted to near the ferroelectric coercive voltage regardless its original position. We have ensured this phenomenon by temperature-dependent experiments, and analyzed its mechanism with the theory of impurity correlation in graphene. Additionally, with the modulation of ferroelectric polymer, the current on/off ratio and mobility of graphene transistor both have been improved. This work provides an effective method to tune the Dirac point of graphene, which can be readily used to configure functional devices such as p-n junctions and inverters.

14.
Nanotechnology ; 2018 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29313520

RESUMO

In recent years, the electrical characteristics of WSe2 field effect transistors (FETs) have been widely investigated with various dielectrics. Among them, being able to perfectly tune the polarity of WSe2 is a meaningful and promising work. In this work, we systematically study the electrical properties of bilayer WSe2 FETs modulated by ferroelectric polymer poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)). Compared to traditional gate dielectric SiO2, the P(VDF-TrFE) not only can tune both electron and hole concentrations to the same high level, but also improve the hole mobility of bilayer WSe2 to 265.96 cm2V-1s-1 under SiO2 gating. Its drain current on/off ratio also has been improved to 2 × 105 for p-type and 4 × 105 for n-type driven by P(VDF-TrFE). More importantly, the ambipolar behaviors of bilayer WSe2 can be effectively achieved and maintained because of the remnant polarization field of P(VDF-TrFE). This work indicates that WSe2 FETs with P(VDF-TrFE) gating have huge potential for complementary logic transistor applications, and paves an effective way to achieve in-plane p-n junction.

15.
Nanoscale ; 10(4): 1727-1734, 2018 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29308498

RESUMO

WSe2 has attracted extensive attention for p-FETs due to its air stability and high mobility. However, the Fermi level of WSe2 is close to the middle of the band gap, which will induce a high contact resistance with metals and thus limit the field effect mobility. In this case, a high work voltage is always required to achieve a large ON/OFF ratio. Herein, a stable WSe2 p-doping technique of coating using a ferroelectric relaxor polymer P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) is proposed. Unlike other doping methods, P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) not only can modify the Fermi level of WSe2 but can also act as a high-k gate dielectric in an FET. Dramatic enhancement of the field effect hole mobility from 27 to 170 cm2 V-1 s-1 on a six-layer WSe2 FET has been achieved. Moreover, an FET device based on bilayer WSe2 with P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) as the top gate dielectric is fabricated, which exhibits high p-type performance over a low top gate voltage range. Furthermore, low-temperature experiments reveal the influence of the phase transition of P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) on the channel carrier density and mobility. With a decrease in temperature, field effect hole mobility increases and approaches up to 900 cm2 V-1 s-1 at 200 K. The combination of the p-doping and gating with P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) provides a promising solution for obtaining high-performance p-FET with 2D semiconductors.

16.
Nano Lett ; 17(11): 6534-6539, 2017 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28968111

RESUMO

Spin-orbit coupling (SOC) plays a crucial role for spintronics applications. Here we present the first demonstration that the Rashba SOC at the SrTiO3-based interfaces is highly tunable by photoinduced charge doping, that is, optical gating. Such optical manipulation is nonvolatile after the removal of the illumination in contrast to conventional electrostatic gating and also erasable via a warming-cooling cycle. Moreover, the SOC evolutions tuned by illuminations with different wavelengths at various gate voltages coincide with each other in different doping regions and collectively form an upward-downward trend curve: In response to the increase of conductivity, the SOC strength first increases and then decreases, which can be attributed to the orbital hybridization of Ti 3d subbands. More strikingly, the optical manipulation is effective enough to tune the interferences of Bloch wave functions from constructive to destructive and therefore to realize a transition from weak localization to weak antilocalization. The present findings pave a way toward the exploration of photoinduced nontrivial quantum states and the design of optically controlled spintronic devices.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 17(10)2017 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29039815

RESUMO

Aiming to improve survey accuracy of Measurement While Drilling (MWD) based on Fiber Optic Gyroscopes (FOGs) in the long period, the external aiding sources are fused into the inertial navigation by the Kalman filter (KF) method. The KF method needs to model the inertial sensors' noise as the system noise model. The system noise is modeled as white Gaussian noise conventionally. However, because of the vibration while drilling, the noise in gyros isn't white Gaussian noise any more. Moreover, an incorrect noise model will degrade the accuracy of KF. This paper developed a new approach for noise modeling on the basis of dynamic Allan variance (DAVAR). In contrast to conventional white noise models, the new noise model contains both the white noise and the color noise. With this new noise model, the KF for the MWD was designed. Finally, two vibration experiments have been performed. Experimental results showed that the proposed vibration noise modeling approach significantly improved the estimated accuracies of the inertial sensor drifts. Compared the navigation results based on different noise model, with the DAVAR noise model, the position error and the toolface angle error are reduced more than 90%. The velocity error is reduced more than 65%. The azimuth error is reduced more than 50%.

18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 10: 3215-3224, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28721072

RESUMO

AIMS: Poor efficacy of chemotherapy drugs in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the key reason for the failure of treatment, but the mechanism of this remains largely unknown. Stromal cell-derived factor 1-alpha (SDF-1α/CXCL12) is a small chemotactic cytokine protein that plays an important role in tumor progression. In this study, we investigated the anti-apoptotic mechanism of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis in response to cisplatin, a commonly used chemotherapeutic drug, in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. METHODS: CXCL12 blocks cisplatin-induced apoptosis in A549, and the results were shown by propidium iodide/annexin V staining in vitro. The mechanism of CXCL12 stimulating phosphorylation of STAT3 through CXCR4/JAK2 was demonstrated by immunofluorescence and Western blotting. The expression of CXCL12 and p-STAT3 in clinical specimens was examined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: CXCL12 significantly decreased the ratio of apoptotic cells and stimulation of phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription (p-STAT)-3 in a time-dependent manner through interaction with CXCR4. Among the signaling molecules downstream of CXCR4, the JAK2/STAT3 pathway plays a predominant role in the anti-apoptotic effect of CXCL12. Analysis of clinical specimens revealed that increased CXCL12 and p-STAT3 expression correlates with enhanced lung cancer progression. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that CXCR4 contributes to CXCL12-mediated anti-apoptosis by activating JAK2/STAT3 pathway in NSCLC cells. Therefore, targeting CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling pathway reveals a potential therapeutic approach for NSCLC.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(26): 16960-16968, 2017 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28636685

RESUMO

Memristive devices are promising circuit elements that enable novel computational approaches which go beyond the von-Neumann paradigms. Here by tuning the chemistry at the Al-LaNiO3 (LNO) interface, a metal-metal junction, we engineer good switching behavior with good electroresistance (ON-OFF resistance ratios of 100), and repeatable multiple resistance states. The active material responsible for such a behavior is a self-formed sandwich of an AlxOy layer at the interface obtained by grabbing oxygen by Al from LNO. Using aberration corrected electron microscopy and transport measurements, it is confirmed that the memristive hysteresis occurs due to the electric field driven O2- (or ) cycling between LNO (reservoir) and the interlayer, which drives the redox reactions forming and dissolving Al nanoclusters in the AlxOy matrix. This work provides clear insights into and details on precise oxygen control at such interfaces and can be useful for newer opportunities in oxitronics.

20.
Pak J Med Sci ; 33(1): 215-220, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28367203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles originating from mainland China. METHODS: We utilized the 2015 edition of Journal Citation Reports and PubMed to determine the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles from 75 professional journals and four leading journals in clinical medicine, which are The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and The British Medical Journal. Then we excluded the articles written outside mainland China and collected the basic information, including the title, authors, year of publication, source journal, city, institution, number of citations, and topic of the research. RESULTS: The number of citations for the top 50 papers ranged from 279 to 89 (mean, 129). These articles were published between 2005 and 2012, in which 2009 was the year with the largest number of highly cited papers(13). All articles were published in 15 journals. The journal Hepatology published the largest number of articles(21), followed by Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology(4), Journal of Hepatology(4) and World Journal of Gastroenterology(4). The top 50 articles originated mainly from Shanghai(20), Guangzhou(13) and Beijing(6). Sun Yat-sen University produced most highly cited papers(10). The number of basic research was far more than clinical research, of which the ratio was about 1.78(32:18). In all these articles, hepatocellular carcinoma was the most-discussed topic(19), followed by hepatitis B virus(8) and endoscopic(5). CONCLUSIONS: Although a large gap remains between mainland China and the global community, the gastroenterology and hepatology research from China is gradually recognized by the world.

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