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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130760

RESUMO

Lymph node metastasis is one of the most important independent risk factors that can negatively affect the prognosis of prostate cancer (PCa); however, the exact mechanisms have not been well studied. This study aims to better understand the underlying mechanism of lymph node metastasis in PCa by bioinformatics analysis. We analysed a total of 367 PCa cases from the cancer genome atlas database and performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis to explore some modules related to lymph node metastasis. Gene Ontology analysis and pathway enrichment analysis were conducted for functional annotation, and a protein-protein interaction network was built. Samples from the International Cancer Genomics Consortium database were used as a validation set. The turquoise module showed the most relevance with lymph node metastasis. Functional annotation showed that biological processes and pathways were mainly related to activation of the processes of cell cycle and mitosis. Four hub genes were selected: CKAP2L, CDCA8, ERCC6L and ARPC1A. Further validation showed that the four hub genes well-distinguished tumour and normal tissues, and they were good biomarkers for lymph node metastasis of PCa. In conclusion, the identified hub genes facilitate our knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanism for lymph node metastasis of PCa.

2.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035760

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of MRI-based features and texture analysis (TA) in the differential diagnosis between ovarian thecomas/fibrothecomas (OTCA/f-TCAs) and uterine fibroids in the adnexal area (UF-iaas). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 16 OTCA/f-TCA and 37 UF-iaa patients who underwent conventional MRI and DWI between August 2014 and September 2018. Three-dimensional TA was performed with T2-weighted MRI. The clinical, MRI-based and texture features were compared between OTCA/f-TCAs and UF-iaas. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used for filtering the independent discriminative features and constructing the discriminating model. ROCs were generated to analyse MRI-based features, texture features and their combination for discriminating between the two diseases. RESULTS: Six imaging-based features (ipsilateral ovary detection, arterial period enhancement, lesion components, peripheral cysts, "whorl signs", mean ADCs) and six texture features (Histogram-energy, Histogram-entropy, Histogram-kurtosis, GLCM-energy, GLCM-entropy, and Haralick correlation) were significantly different between OTCA/f-TCAs and UF-iaas (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis of the MRI-based features revealed that arterial period enhancement (OR = 0.104), peripheral cysts (OR = 16.513), and whorl signs (OR = 0.029) were independent features for discriminating between OTCA/f-TCAs and UF-iaas (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis of the texture features showed that Histogram-energy and GLCM-energy were independent features for discriminating between OTCA/f-TCAs and UF-iaas (p < 0.05). The area under the curve of imaging-based diagnosis was 0.85, and the combination of imaging-based diagnosis and TA improved the area under the curve to 0.87, with higher accuracy, specificity and sensitivity of 86%, 92%, and 84%, respectively (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MRI-based features can be useful in differentiating OTCA/f-TCAs from UF-iaas. Furthermore, combining imaging-based diagnosis and TA can improve diagnostic performance.

3.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 15: 1291-1304, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806981

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the factors associated with improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in patients with a small-volume prostate and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 257 patients with BOO and a small-volume prostate from January 2013 to January 2018 were retrospectively collected preoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and 12 months postoperatively. Patients were divided into postoperative success and failure groups based on the IPSS, IPSS-v, and IPSS-s. The relationship between each parameter and the improvement of postoperative LUTS was analyzed. Subgroup analysis was performed to compare the differences between the TURP and PKEP groups. Results: Among patients followed up for 3 months postoperatively, multivariate analysis demonstrated that IPP, PUA, and post-PCB were significant predictors of postoperative IPSS improvement; TZI, IPP, and PUA were significant predictors of postoperative IPSS-v improvement; post-PCB and the surgical procedure were significant predictors of IPSS-s improvement; and IPP and PUA were significant predictors of postoperative Qmax improvement. Among patients followed up for 12 months postoperatively, multivariate analysis revealed that IPP, PUA, and post-PCB were significant predictors of postoperative IPSS improvement; PUA was a significant predictor of postoperative IPSS-v improvement; post-PCB was a significant predictor of IPSS-s improvement; and IPP and PUA were significant predictors of postoperative Qmax improvement. The post-PCB was significantly lower in the PKEP than the TURP group and the prostatic calculi removal rate was significantly higher in the PKEP than the TURP group. Conclusion: Patients with a greater preoperative IPP and PUA and smaller post-PCB showed greater improvement of postoperative LUTS. PKEP might help to remove calculi from between the transitional and peripheral zones of prostate. Compared with conventional TURP, PKEP may improve the early postoperative storage symptoms of LUTS in patients with a small-volume prostate and BOO.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(21): 9478-9491, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) experience drug resistance after immunotherapy. Regulatory T (Treg) cells may work as a suppressor for anti-tumor immune response. PURPOSE: We performed bioinformatics analysis to better understand the role of Treg cells in ccRCC. RESULTS: Module 10 revealed the most relevance with Treg cells. Functional annotation showed that biological processes and pathways were mainly related to activation of the immune system and the processes of immunoreaction. Four hub genes were selected: LCK, MAP4K1, SLAMF6, and RHOH. Further validation showed that the four hub genes well-distinguished tumor and normal tissues and were good prognostic biomarkers for ccRCC. CONCLUSION: The identified hub genes facilitate our knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanism of how Treg cells affect ccRCC in anti-tumor immune therapy. METHODS: The CIBERSORT algorithm was performed to evaluate tumor-infiltrating immune cells based on the Cancer Genome Atlas cohort. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis was conducted to explore the modules related to Treg cells. Gene Ontology analysis and pathway enrichment analysis were performed for functional annotation and a protein-protein interaction network was built. Samples from the International Cancer Genomics Consortium database was used as a validation set.

5.
J Cancer ; 10(22): 5608-5613, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632505

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the risk factors for progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) patients who underwent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Methods: We analyzed 216 patients with mPCa who underwent ADT between January 2006 and December 2015 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to explore the risk factors for progression to CRPC. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test were used to evaluate the difference in progression-free survival (PFS). Results: A total of 121 (56.0%) patients who underwent ADT showed progression to CRPC. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that Gleason grade group, prostate-specific antigen nadir (nPSA), and time to PSA nadir (TTN) were risk factors for progression to CRPC in mPCa patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients in Gleason grade group ≥3, nPSA >0.2 ng/ml and TTN <6 months had shorter PFS. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that Gleason grade group, nPSA and TTN were risk factors for progression to CRPC. Patients with higher Gleason grade group, higher nPSA and shorter TTN have shorter PFS and higher risk of progression to CRPC after ADT.

6.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-9, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259609

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore levels of organizational commitment, job satisfaction and work engagement among community health-care workers in China, and to examine spatial relationships of variables. Data were collected by Organizational Commitment Scale, Job Satisfaction Scale and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale from 1404 community health-care workers in Guangzhou and Shenzhen cities. Structural equation model was used to analyze relationships among three variables. Medium levels of organizational commitment, job satisfaction and work engagement were found among community health-care workers. Organizational commitment was positively correlated to work engagement (r = 0.564) and job satisfaction (r = 0.550). The path analysis indicated that total effect (ß = 0.598) of organizational commitment on job satisfaction (R2 = 0.52) consisted of a direct effect (ß = 0.264) and an indirect effect (ß = 0.334), which was mediated positively by work engagement. Improvement in work engagement may lead to higher level of job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 3683-3693, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190870

RESUMO

Background: Seminoma accounts for the most part of cases of testicular germ cell tumor, which is the most common malignancy among males between ages 15 and 44 years. Understanding the molecular mechanism of tumorigenesis is important for better clinical diagnosis and treatment. Purpose: We performed bioinformatics analysis to better understand seminoma at the genetic level and to explore potential candidate genes or molecules for diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Methods: A gene expression profile (GSE8607), containing 40 seminoma samples and three healthy testes samples, was analyzed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the occurrence of seminoma. Functional annotation was then performed using gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses. Cytoscape with Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes was used to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of the DEGs and select hub genes. Moreover, validation of expression level and Kaplan-Meier analysis for overall survival were conducted to those hub genes. Results: A total of 1,636 DEGs were identified between seminoma and healthy samples, including 701 up-regulated in seminoma that were enriched in the regulation of immune responses, defense responses, receptor activity, and signal transducer activity; 935 were down-regulated in seminoma and were associated with reproductive processes, kinase activity, and carbohydrate derivative binding. Five hub genes were selected from the PPI network according to the degree of connectivity: IL6, VEGFA, IL10, CCR5, and CXCR4. Among them, high expression levels of CCR5 and CXCR4 were associated with poor prognosis for seminoma patients. Four modules selected from the PPI network revealed that seminoma was connected with the Janus kinase-signal transducers and activators of transcription signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, endocytosis, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Conclusion: These identified DEGs and hub genes facilitate our knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanism of seminoma and have the potential to be used as diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets for seminoma.

8.
BMC Urol ; 19(1): 22, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Penoscrotal edema is typically caused by lymphatic obstruction, which can have both primary and secondary causes. Studies describing congenital penoscrotal edema are rare. Surgery can be divided into two types: The first approach involves extensive removal of diseased tissue and tissue reconstruction. The second approach is removal of the lesions and creating additional lymphatic vascular anastomoses. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case report of a 15-year-old patient with recurrent penoscrotal edema and swelling of both lower extremities. The literature were also reviewed to provide additional information. Physical examination revealed slow lymphatic reflux of the lower extremities and no obvious abnormalities in testicular morphology, bilaterally, or blood supply. Surgery was performed by excising the affected skin and subcutaneous tissue and the flaps was cut in the middle in Y shape to cover the penis and scrotum. Postoperative follow-up revealed wound integrity and patient satisfaction with the outcome. CONCLUSION: Excision and reconstructive surgery are the primary treatments for penoscrotal edema. The majority of reported patients undergoing excision and reconstruction achieved satisfactory reshaping and improved their life quality.


Assuntos
Edema/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Escroto/cirurgia , Edema/diagnóstico , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/patologia , Escroto/patologia
9.
Chem Sci ; 10(5): 1549-1554, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809373

RESUMO

A salen based molecular cage, salen@cage, was synthesized and complexed with Co and Al to yield metal-salen molecular cages, Co(ii)@cage, Co(iii)@cage and Al(iii)@cage. These cages were demonstrated to be efficient heterogeneous catalysts for the cycloaddition of CO2 with styrene oxide, achieving full conversion at 25 °C and 1 atm CO2. Good to excellent yields of various cyclic carbonates were also achieved under mild conditions. Al(iii)@cage can be reused up to five times without any significant loss of its high catalytic activity. The capability to access a variety of heterogeneous organometallic catalysts with salen@cage offers new prospects for practical CO2 utilization and chemical manufacturing.

10.
J Food Drug Anal ; 27(1): 184-194, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648571

RESUMO

CCM111 is an aqueous extract of Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) that has exhibited anti-liver fibrosis functions. However, the detailed mechanisms of AC action against liver fibrosis have not been elucidated yet. The present research showed that CCM111 significantly lowered the levels of the hepatic enzyme markers glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), prevented liver damage and collagen deposition, and downregulated TGF-ß/Smad signaling in a dose-dependent manner compared with CCl4 treatment alone. CCM111 markedly inhibited TGF-ß, Wnt and STAT3 signaling pathway-regulated downstream genes in the liver by next-generation sequencing. The antifibrotic mechanisms of CCM111 were further demonstrated in HSC-T6 cells. Our data demonstrated for the first time that CCM111 can protect against CCl4-induced liver fibrosis by the cooperative inhibition of TGF-ß-, Wnt- and STAT3-dependent proinflammatory and profibrotic mediators, suggesting that CCM111 might be a candidate for preventing and treating chronic fibrotic liver diseases.

11.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 25(2): 110-117, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216195

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influence of the degrees of intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) on the recovery of urinary continence after radical prostatectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 212 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer by biopsy and treated by laparoscopic radical prostatectomy by the same surgeon. Based on the degrees of IPP measured by MRI, we divided the patients into an IPP ≤ 10 mm group (n = 146) and an IPP > 10 mm group (n = 66) and determined the factors influencing the recovery of urinary continence by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: At 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery, the urinary continence rates of the patients were 32.5%, 50.5%, 82.1% and 91%, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that the factors influencing the recovery of urinary continence included IPP, body mass index (BMI), bladder neck preservation (BNP), neurovascular bundle preservation (NVBP) and clinical tumor (T) stage at 3 months (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), age, IPP, BMI, BNP and clinical T stage at 6 months (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and age, IPP, BMI, BNP, NVBP and clinical T stage at 12 months (P < 0.05), while multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the independent influencing factors to be IPP > 10 mm (P < 0.001), BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (P = 0.004) and BNP (P = 0.032) at 3 months, and IPP and BMI at 6 months (both P < 0.01) and 12 months (P < 0.01 and P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: IPP > 10 mm and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 are independent factors influencing the long-term recovery of urinary continence after radical prostatectomy.

12.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 12: 2707-2713, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30214158

RESUMO

Purpose: To examine the effects and mechanism of action of fasudil on cytoskeletal polymerization, collagen synthesis, and apoptosis in fibroblasts derived from human urethral scar tissue. Materials and methods: Fibroblasts treated with or without transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1, 10 ng/mL) were incubated with fasudil (12.5, 25, 50 µmol/L) for 24 hours. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to determine the expression of Arp2, Arp3, WASP, and WAVE2. Collagen I and III protein levels were also evaluated by Western blotting. The filamentous actin cytoskeleton was examined by immunofluorescence and epifluorescence microscopy. An Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay was used to investigate apoptosis. Results: TGF-ß1-dependent induction of actin polymerization and collagen synthesis and promotion of apoptosis were dose dependent. When compared with untreated controls, fasudil significantly decreased the expression of Arp2, Arp3, WASP, WAVE2, Collagen I, and Collagen III in cells treated with or without TGF-ß1. Fasudil also promoted apoptosis in cells, irrespective of TGF-ß1 treatment. Conclusion: Irrespective of TGF-ß1 activation status, fasudil suppressed actin polymerization and collagen synthesis and induced apoptosis in human urethral scar fibroblasts via the Rho/ROCK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/análogos & derivados , Actinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno/biossíntese , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Uretra/patologia , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , 1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/química , 1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/farmacologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Linhagem Celular , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Uretra/metabolismo
13.
Tumori ; 104(6): 451-458, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737959

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to investigate the predictive factors for bladder cancer recurrence survival (BCRS) in patients with upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). METHODS: We selected patients with UTUC who underwent segmental ureterectomy (Su) or nephroureterectomy (Nu) from 2004 to 2013 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients with a history of intravesical therapy for bladder cancer and bladder cancer prior to the diagnosis of UTUC were excluded. We used Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazards model to compare overall survival, cancer-specific survival, and BCRS. RESULTS: In a cohort of 1,454 patients, 169 (11.6%) had low-grade tumors and 1,285 (88.4%) had high-grade tumors; 239 (16.4%) underwent Su and 1,215 (83.6%) underwent Nu. We found that T4 grade (hazard ratio [HR] = 6.216; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.197-12.087) and ureteral tumors (HR = 1.764; 95% CI, 1.173-2.652) were predictors of shorter BCRS, whereas Nu (HR = 0.608; 95% CI, 0.388-0.953) predicted longer BCRS. Five-year BCRS rates were low-grade tumors: 94.1%, high-grade tumors: 85.4% (p = 0.038); plus Su: 82.9%, and Nu: 87.6% (p = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Use of Su should be more selective for high-grade tumors, as it correlates with shorter BCRS. Tumors located in the ureter are associated with shorter BCRS than those located in the renal pelvis.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Ureterais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ureterais/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
14.
Biol Reprod ; 98(5): 683-694, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29409020

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age and its etiology has not been characterized. Growth differentiation factor 8 (GDF8) is a member of the transforming growth factor-ß superfamily that plays a critical role in the regulation of ovarian functions. However, the expression pattern of GDF8 in the human ovary is not yet clear. This study examined the cellular distribution of GDF8 and its putative cellular receptors (ACVR2A, ACVR2B, and ALK5) in a series of normal (n = 34) and PCOS ovaries (n = 14). The immunostaining of GDF8, ACVR2A, ACVR2B, and ALK5 was detected in the oocytes regardless of the developmental stage. All these proteins were localized in antral follicles in normal and PCOS ovaries, and the expression of these proteins increased with increasing follicle diameter. A significantly higher expression of GDF8 was detected in the granulosa cells than in the matched theca cells (TCs). These proteins were also localized in the luteal cells of the corpus luteum. Granulosa cells and TCs of large antral follicles in PCOS ovaries display a higher expression of these proteins. The higher expression levels of GDF8 and its functional receptors (ACVR2A, ACVR2B, and ALK5) in antral follicles of PCOS ovaries than those in normal ovaries suggest the possible involvement of dysregulated GDF8 in the pathogenesis of PCOS.


Assuntos
Receptores de Activinas Tipo II/metabolismo , Miostatina/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Adulto , Corpo Lúteo/metabolismo , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Ovário/metabolismo , Células Tecais/metabolismo
15.
ACS Omega ; 3(5): 5071-5077, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31458721

RESUMO

The catalytic activity of iron(II) complexes with functionalized amine-pyrazolyl tripodal ligands toward dimerization of terminal alkynes in the presence a base (KO t Bu or NaO t Bu) has been studied. An unusual E/Z selectivity of the reaction determined by tert-butoxide was observed.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(17): 3326-3331, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29192442

RESUMO

Cucurbitadienol has anti-inflammation, anti-cancer activities, and acts as a precursor of traditional Chinese medicine active ingredients mogroside and cucurbitacine. For construction of a Sacchromyces cerevisiae cell factory for production of cucurbitadienol, we firstly cloned a cucurbitadienol synthase (CBS) gene from Siraitia grosvenorii. Then, through heterologous expression of CBS in the triterpenoid chassis strain WD-2091, the engineered strain could produced 27.44 mg•L ⁻¹ cucurbitadienol, which was determined by GC-MS. Further regulation of CBS expression led to cucurbitadienol's titer increasing by 202.07% and reaching 82.89 mg•L ⁻¹ in the shake flask fermentation and 1 724.10 mg•L ⁻¹ in the high cell density fermentation. Our research promotes the cucurbitane-type tetracyclic triterpenoids synthesis pathway analysis progress and provides the basis for further obtaining cell factories for production of cucurbitadienol tetracyclic triterpenoids.


Assuntos
Cucurbitaceae/enzimologia , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Fermentação , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Microbiologia Industrial , Microrganismos Geneticamente Modificados , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
17.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 26(2): 129-133, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28815238

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of sintering temperature on mechanical properties of dental zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) ceramics prepared by gel-casting technique. METHODS: The samples prepared by gel-casting were sintered at 1100, 1200, 1250, 1300 and 1400degrees centigrade for each group. The flexural strength, fracture toughness, Vickers hardness and brittleness index were obtained and microscopic morphology of each group was observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 19.0 software package. RESULTS: The flexural strength, fracture toughness and Vickers hardness increased with the increasing sintering temperature during 1100~1400degrees centigrade. The lowest brittleness index (0.74±0.16) µm-1/2 was observed in group sintered at 1200degrees centigrade and the highest (2.76±0.14) µm-1/2 was at 1400degrees centigrade (P<0.05), while the flexural strength of these two groups was (46.89±3.24) MPa and (349.64±54.72) MPa, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The ZTA dental ceramics exhibit good machinability with proper sintering temperature (1200degrees centigrade) and the strength meets the requirement of clinical application.


Assuntos
Óxido de Alumínio , Porcelana Dentária , Zircônio , Cerâmica , Materiais Dentários , Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura Ambiente
18.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 4862, 2017 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28687744

RESUMO

Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) exhibits many bioactivities, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and hepatoprotection activities. Many researchers have studied the functions of the components or fractions of AC, but the functions of the original extractions of AC have not been studied. In addition, the detailed relationship between AC and immune-related signaling pathways is unclear. In this study, we screened the effects of CCM111, which is the extract of AC, on seven immune-related signaling pathways and further investigated whether CCM111 can influence inflammation. Interestingly, our results showed that CCM111 significantly inhibited the IL-6-stimulated STAT3 pathway and the LPS-stimulated NF-κB pathway in macrophages. CCM111 also decreased the phosphorylation of STAT3, Tyk2 and the nuclear translocation of p65. Moreover, CCM111 and F4, a fraction of CCM111, down-regulated nitric oxide (NO) production, the protein levels of iNOS and COX-2, and inflammatory cytokines in macrophage cells. Therefore, our study suggested that CCM111 has the potential to be developed as an effective anti-inflammatory agent.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antrodia/química , Misturas Complexas/farmacologia , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Misturas Complexas/isolamento & purificação , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/isolamento & purificação , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(24): 15671-15675, 2017 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28585633

RESUMO

Here we utilized new diagnostic tools in time-dependent density functional theory to explain the trend of intersystem crossing in benzo(bis)-X-diazole based donor-acceptor-donor type molecules. These molecules display a wide range of fluorescence quantum yields and triplet yields, making them excellent candidates for testing the validity of these diagnostic tools. We believe that these tools are cost-effective and can be applied to structurally similar organic chromophores to predict/explain the trends of intersystem crossing, and thus fluorescence quantum yields and triplet yields without the use of complex and expensive multireference configuration interaction or multireference pertubation theory methods.

20.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 42(3): 342-350, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28059870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The study goal was to compare the effect of epinephrine in different doses on pulmonary gas exchange in a rat model of bupivacaine-induced cardiac depression. METHODS: Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 6), and each group received a bupivacaine infusion (2.5 mg/kg per minute, 6 minutes) via the left femoral vein to induce cardiac depression. At the end of the bupivacaine infusion, each group was immediately given either isotonic sodium chloride solution (normal saline; NS group), 5-µg/kg epinephrine (Epi5 group), 10-µg/kg epinephrine (Epi10 group), or 20 µg/kg epinephrine (Epi20 group). Left atrial pressures were monitored for 20 minutes after epinephrine was administered (as was the NS group). Arterial blood gas analyses were performed before bupivacaine infusion and at the end of the 20-minute monitoring period. RESULTS: The Epi10 and Epi20 groups had lower pH (P = 0.02 and P < 0.001, respectively) and PaO2 (P = 0.049 and P < 0.001, respectively), and a higher PaCO2 (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively) compared with the NS group. There were no statistical differences between the Epi5 and NS groups in pH, PaCO2, or PaO2. Left atrial systolic pressure was higher in the Epi10 group (P = 0.002) and the Epi20 group (P < 0.001) within 2 minutes of epinephrine administration. There was no statistical difference between the Epi5 and NS groups in left atrial systolic pressure. CONCLUSION: A single injection of 10 µg/kg epinephrine or greater was associated with deterioration of pulmonary gas exchange in our rat model of bupivacaine induced cardiac depression.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/toxicidade , Bupivacaína/toxicidade , Cardiotoxinas/toxicidade , Epinefrina/toxicidade , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasoconstritores/toxicidade , Animais , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/efeitos dos fármacos , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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