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1.
Org Lett ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784227

RESUMO

We report a new set of reactions based on the unlocking of amides through simple treatment with allyl bromide, creating a common platform for accessing a diverse range of nitrogen-containing functional groups such as primary amides, sulfonamides, primary amines, N-acyl compounds (esters, thioesters, amides), and N-sulfonyl esters. The method has potential industrial applicability, as demonstrated through gram-scale syntheses in batch and in a continuous flow system.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6233, 2021 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716350

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological malignancy with an undefined heritable risk. Here we perform a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies, with replication in a fourth study, incorporating a total of 4018 AML cases and 10488 controls. We identify a genome-wide significant risk locus for AML at 11q13.2 (rs4930561; P = 2.15 × 10-8; KMT5B). We also identify a genome-wide significant risk locus for the cytogenetically normal AML sub-group (N = 1287) at 6p21.32 (rs3916765; P = 1.51 × 10-10; HLA). Our results inform on AML etiology and identify putative functional genes operating in histone methylation (KMT5B) and immune function (HLA).


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Aldeído Redutase/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(10)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681183

RESUMO

The urothelium displays mechano- and chemosensory functions via numerous receptors and channels. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) detects extracellular calcium and modulates several physiological functions. Nonetheless, information about the expression and the role of CaSR in lower urinary tract has been absent. We aimed to determine the existence of urothelial CaSR in urinary bladder and its effect on micturition function. We utilized Western blot to confirm the expression of CaSR in bladder and used immunofluorescence to verify the location of the CaSR in the bladder urothelium via colocalization with uroplakin III A. The activation of urothelial CaSR via the CaSR agonist, AC-265347 (AC), decreased urinary bladder smooth muscle (detrusor) activity, whereas its inhibition via the CaSR antagonist, NPS-2143 hydrochloride (NPS), increased detrusor activity in in vitro myography experiments. Cystometry, bladder nerve activities recording, and bladder surface microcirculation detection were conducted to evaluate the effects of the urothelial CaSR via intravesical administrations. Intravesical AC inhibited micturition reflex, bladder afferent and efferent nerve activities, and reversed cystitis-induced bladder hyperactivity. The urothelial CaSR demonstrated a chemosensory function, and modulated micturition reflex via regulating detrusor activity. This study provided further evidence of how the urothelial CaSR mediated micturition and implicated the urothelial CaSR as a potential pharmacotherapeutic target in the intervention of bladder disorders.

4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 731460, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671556

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the oncological outcomes and surgical complications of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with different minimally invasive techniques for nephroureterectomy. Methods: From the updated data of the Taiwan UTUC Collaboration Group, a total of 3,333 UTUC patients were identified. After excluding ineligible cases, we retrospectively included 1,340 patients from 15 institutions who received hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (HALNU), laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) or robotic nephroureterectomy (RNU) between 2001 and 2021. Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards model were used to analyze the survival outcomes, and binary logistic regression model was selected to compare the risks of postoperative complications of different surgical approaches. Results: Among the enrolled patients, 741, 458 and 141 patients received HALNU, LNU and RNU, respectively. Compared with RNU (41.1%) and LNU (32.5%), the rate of lymph node dissection in HALNU was the lowest (17.4%). In both Kaplan-Meier and univariate analysis, the type of surgery was significantly associated with overall and cancer-specific survival. The statistical significance of surgical methods on survival outcomes remained in multivariate analysis, where patients undergoing HALNU appeared to have the worst overall (p = 0.007) and cancer-specific (p = 0.047) survival rates among the three groups. In all analyses, the surgical approach was not related to bladder recurrence. In addition, HALNU was significantly associated with longer hospital stay (p = 0.002), and had the highest risk of major Clavien-Dindo complications (p = 0.011), paralytic ileus (p = 0.012), and postoperative end-stage renal disease (p <0.001). Conclusions: Minimally invasive surgery can be safe and feasible. We proved that compared with the HALNU group, the LNU and RNU groups have better survival rates and fewer surgical complications. It is crucial to uphold strict oncological principles with sophisticated technique to improve outcomes. Further prospective studies are needed to validate our findings.

5.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716480

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LNU) has gradually become the new standard treatment for localized upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC). With more blunt dissection and tactile sensation, hand-assisted LNU might shorten the operative time compared with the pure laparoscopic approach. However, whether the use of the hand-assisted or the pure laparoscopic approach has an effect on oncological outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 629 patients with non-metastatic UTUC who underwent hand-assisted (n = 515) or pure LNU (n = 114) at 9 hospitals in Taiwan between 2004 and 2019. Overall survival, cancer-specific survival, recurrence-free survival, and bladder recurrence-free survival were compared between these two groups using inverse-probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) derived from the propensity scores for baseline covariate adjustment. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 32.9 and 28.7 months in the hand-assisted and the pure groups, respectively. IPTW-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models showed that the laparoscopic approach (pure vs. hand-assisted) was not significantly associated with all-cause mortality (HR 0.79, 95% CI 0.49-1.24, p = 0.304), cancer-specific mortality (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.51-1.51, p = 0.634), or extra-vesical recurrence (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.41-1.04, p = 0.071). However, the pure laparoscopic approach was significantly associated with lower intra-vescial recurrence (HR 0.64, 95% CI 0.43-0.96, p = 0.029) for patients who underwent LNU. Kaplan-Meier curves also revealed that the pure laparoscopic approach was associated with better bladder recurrence-free survival compared with the hand-assisted laparoscopic approach in both the original cohort and the IPTW-adjusted cohort (log-rank p = 0.042 and 0.027, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The performance of hand-assisted or pure LNU does not significantly affect the all-cause mortality, cancer-specific mortality, or extra-vesical recurrence for patients with non-metastatic UTUC. However, the hand-assisted laparoscopic approach could increase the risk of intra-vesical recurrence for patients who undergo LNU.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19059, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561545

RESUMO

Tumor multifocality and location are prognostic factors for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, confounding effects can appear when these two factors are analyzed together. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the impact of tumor distribution on the outcomes of multifocal UTUC after radical nephroureterectomy. From the 2780 UTUC patients in the Taiwan UTUC Collaboration Group, 685 UTUC cases with multifocal tumors (defined as more than one tumor lesion in unilateral upper urinary tract) were retrospectively included and divided into three groups: multiple renal pelvic tumors, multiple ureteral tumors, and synchronous renal pelvic and ureteral tumors included 164, 152, and 369 patients, respectively. We found the prevalence of carcinoma in situ was the highest in the synchronous group. In multivariate survival analyses, tumor distribution showed no difference in cancer-specific and disease-free survival, but there was a significant difference in bladder recurrence-free survival. The synchronous group had the highest bladder recurrence rate. In summary, tumor distribution did not influence the cancer-specific outcomes of multifocal UTUC, but synchronous lesions led to a higher rate of bladder recurrence than multiple renal pelvic tumors. We believe that the distribution of tumors reflects the degree of malignant involvement within the urinary tract, but has little significance for survival or disease progression.

7.
Sci Transl Med ; 13(605)2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349032

RESUMO

Transforming growth factor-ß (TGFß) is a key driver of fibrogenesis. Three TGFß isoforms (TGFß1, TGFß2, and TGFß3) in mammals have distinct functions in embryonic development; however, the postnatal pathological roles and activation mechanisms of TGFß2 and TGFß3 have not been well characterized. Here, we show that the latent forms of TGFß2 and TGFß3 can be activated by integrin-independent mechanisms and have lower activation thresholds compared to TGFß1. Unlike TGFB1, TGFB2 and TGFB3 expression is increased in human lung and liver fibrotic tissues compared to healthy control tissues. Thus, TGFß2 and TGFß3 may play a pathological role in fibrosis. Inducible conditional knockout mice and anti-TGFß isoform-selective antibodies demonstrated that TGFß2 and TGFß3 are independently involved in mouse fibrosis models in vivo, and selective TGFß2 and TGFß3 inhibition does not lead to the increased inflammation observed with pan-TGFß isoform inhibition. A cocrystal structure of a TGFß2-anti-TGFß2/3 antibody complex reveals an allosteric isoform-selective inhibitory mechanism. Therefore, inhibiting TGFß2 and/or TGFß3 while sparing TGFß1 may alleviate fibrosis without toxicity concerns associated with pan-TGFß blockade.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta3 , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Camundongos , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta3/metabolismo
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073521

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effect of mTOR inhibitor (mTORi) drug-eluting biodegradable stent (DE stent), a putative restenosis-inhibiting device for coronary artery, on thermal-injury-related ureteral stricture in rabbits. In vitro evaluation confirmed the dose-dependent effect of mTORi, i.e., rapamycin, on fibrotic markers in ureteral component cell lines. Upper ureteral fibrosis was induced by ureteral thermal injury in open surgery, which was followed by insertion of biodegradable stents, with or without rapamycin drug-eluting. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were performed 4 weeks after the operation to determine gross anatomy changes, collagen deposition, expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers, including Smad, α-SMA, and SNAI 1. Ureteral thermal injury resulted in severe ipsilateral hydronephrosis. The levels of type III collagen, Smad, α-SMA, and SNAI 1 were increased 28 days after ureteral thermal injury. Treatment with mTORi-eluting biodegradable stents significantly attenuated thermal injury-induced urinary tract obstruction and reduced the level of fibrosis proteins, i.e., type III collagen. TGF-ß and EMT signaling pathway markers, Smad and SNAI 1, were significantly modified in DE stent-treated thermal-injury-related ureteral stricture rabbits. These results suggested that intra-ureteral administration of rapamycin by DE stent provides modification of fibrosis signaling pathway, and inhibiting mTOR may result in fibrotic process change.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Sirolimo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Obstrução Ureteral , Animais , Fibrose , Coelhos , Sirolimo/química , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/patologia , Obstrução Ureteral/terapia
9.
Mar Drugs ; 19(5)2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925873

RESUMO

In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of ilimaquinone, a sesquiterpene derivative from the marine sponge, in breast cancer cells was investigated. Ilimaquinone inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells with IC50 values of 10.6 µM and 13.5 µM, respectively. Non-tumorigenic human breast epithelial cells were less sensitive to ilimaquinone than breast cancer cells. Flow cytometric and Western blot analysis showed that ilimaquinone induced S-phase arrest by modulating the expression of p-CDC-2 and p21. Ilimaquinone induces apoptosis, which is accompanied by multiple biological biomarkers, including the downregulation of Akt, ERK, and Bax, upregulation of p38, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, increased reactive oxygen species generation, and induced autophagy. Collectively, these findings suggest that ilimaquinone causes cell cycle arrest as well as induces apoptosis and autophagy in breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Poríferos/metabolismo , Quinonas/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinonas/isolamento & purificação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Environ Toxicol ; 36(6): 1173-1180, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751830

RESUMO

Elevated autophagy is highly associated with cancer development and progression. Fruit extracts of several plants inhibit activity of autophagy-related protease ATG4B and autophagy activity in colorectal cancer cells. However, the effects of these plant extracts in oral cancer cells remain unclear. In this study, we found that the extracted Tribulus terrestris fruit (TT-(fr)) and Xanthium strumarium fruit had inhibitory effects on autophagy inhibition in both SAS and TW2.6 oral cancer cells. Moreover, the fruit extracts had differential effects on cell proliferation of oral cancer cells. In addition, the fruit extracts hampered cell migration and invasion of oral cancer cells, particularly in TT-(fr) extracts. Our results indicated that TT-(fr) extracts consistently inhibited autophagic flux, cell growth and metastatic characteristics of oral cancer cells, suggesting TT-(fr) might contain function ingredient to suppress oral cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Tribulus , Autofagia , Proliferação de Células , Frutas , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
11.
Environ Toxicol ; 36(7): 1316-1325, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713530

RESUMO

Secondary metabolites in marine organisms exhibit various pharmacological activities against diseases, such as cancer. In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of JBIR-100, a macrolide isolated from Streptomyces sp., was investigated in breast cancer cells. Cell growth was inhibited in response to JBIR-100 treatment concentration- and time-dependently in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. JBIR-100 caused apoptosis, as verified by caspase activation and the cleavage of PARP. Western blotting revealed that JBIR-100 modulated the expression of Akt/NF-κB signaling components and Bcl-2 family members. Overexpression of Mcl-1 partially rescued MCF-7 cells from JBIR-100-induced cytotoxicity. In addition, transmission electron microscopy analyses, confocal analysis, and western blot assay indicated that JBIR-100 inhibited autophagy in MCF-7 cells. Exposure to the autophagy inhibitor did not synergize JBIR-100-induced apoptosis. In summary, our results suggested that JBIR-100 may be potentially used for breast cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Streptomyces , Apoptose , Autofagia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Macrolídeos/farmacologia
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4040, 2021 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597574

RESUMO

Our aim was to analyze the clinical and survival differences among patients who underwent the two main treatment modalities, endoscopic ablation and radical nephroureterectomy. This study examined all patients who had undergone endoscopic management and RNU between Jul. 1988 and Mar. 2019 from the Taiwan UTUC registry. The inclusion criteria were low stage UTUC in RNU and all cases in endoscopic managed UTUC with a curative intent. The demographic and clinical characteristics were included for analysis. In total, 84 cases in the endoscopic group and 272 cases in the RNU group were enrolled for final analysis. The median follow-up period were 33.5 and 42.0 months in endoscopic and RNU group, respectively (p = 0.082). Comparison of Kaplan-Meier estimated survival curves between groups, the endoscopic group was associated with similar overall survival (OS), cancer specific survival (CSS), and intravesical recurrence free survival (IVRS) but demonstrated inferior disease free survival (DFS) (p = 0.188 for OS, p = 0.493 for CSS and p < 0.001 for DFS). Endoscopic management of UTUC was as safe as RNU in UTUC endemic region.

13.
Org Lett ; 23(5): 1600-1605, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570960

RESUMO

A LiOH-promoted hydrolysis selective C-N cleavage of twisted N-acyl glutarimide for the synthesis of primary amides under mild conditions has been developed. The reaction is triggered by a ring opening of glutarimide followed by C-N cleavage to afford primary amides using 2 equiv of LiOH as the base at room temperature. The efficacy of the reactions was considered and administrated for various aryl and alkyl substituents in good yield with high selectivity. Moreover, gram-scale synthesis of primary amides using a continuous flow method was achieved. It is noted that our new methodology can apply under both batch and flow conditions for synthetic and industrial applications.

14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 665, 2021 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510140

RESUMO

Prognostication in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is challenging due to heterogeneity in clinical course. We hypothesize that constitutional genetic variation affects disease progression and could aid prognostication. Pooling data from seven studies incorporating 842 cases identifies two genomic locations associated with time from diagnosis to treatment, including 10q26.13 (rs736456, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.47-2.15; P = 2.71 × 10-9) and 6p (rs3778076, HR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.55-2.55; P = 5.08 × 10-8), which are particularly powerful prognostic markers in patients with early stage CLL otherwise characterized by low-risk features. Expression quantitative trait loci analysis identifies putative functional genes implicated in modulating B-cell receptor or innate immune responses, key pathways in CLL pathogenesis. In this work we identify rs736456 and rs3778076 as prognostic in CLL, demonstrating that disease progression is determined by constitutional genetic variation as well as known somatic drivers.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética
15.
J Clin Med ; 9(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261187

RESUMO

We sought to examine the effect of tumor location on the prognosis of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). This retrospective study came from the Taiwan UTUC Collaboration Group, which consisted of 2658 patients at 15 institutions in Taiwan from 1988 to 2019. Patients with kidney-sparing management, both renal pelvic and ureteral tumors, as well as patients lacking complete data were excluded; the remaining 1436 patients were divided into two groups: renal pelvic tumor (RPT) and ureteral tumor (UT), with 842 and 594 patients, respectively. RPT was associated with more aggressive pathological features, including higher pathological T stage (p < 0.001) and the presence of lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.002), whereas patients with UT often had synchronous bladder tumor (p < 0.001), and were more likely to bear multiple lesions (p = 0.001). Our multivariate analysis revealed that UT was a worse prognostic factor compared with RPT (overall survival: HR 1.408, 95% CI 1.121-1.767, p = 0.003; cancer-specific survival: HR 1.562, 95% CI 1.169-2.085, p = 0.003; disease-free survival: HR 1.363, 95% CI 1.095-1.697, p = 0.006; bladder-recurrence-free survival: HR 1.411, 95% CI 1.141-1.747, p = 0.002, respectively). Based on our findings, UT appeared to be more malignant and had a worse prognosis than RPT.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(21)2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114727

RESUMO

We recently isolated a cardiac glycoside (CG), αldiginoside, from an indigenous plant in Taiwan, which exhibits potent tumor-suppressive efficacy in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines (SCC2095 and SCC4, IC50 < 0.2 µM; 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays). Here, we report that αldiginoside caused Sphase arrest and apoptosis, through the inhibition of a series of signaling pathways, including those mediated by cyclin E, phospho-CDC25C (p-CDC25C), and janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT)3. αldiginoside induced apoptosis, as indicated by caspase activation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. Equally important, αldiginoside reduced Mcl-1 expression through protein degradation, and overexpression of Mcl-1 partially protected SCC2095 cells from αldiginoside's cytotoxicity. Taken together, these data suggest the translational potential of αldiginoside to foster new therapeutic strategies for OSCC treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Glicosídeos Cardíacos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/genética , Proteólise , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
J Org Chem ; 85(17): 11531-11540, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786645

RESUMO

d-Glucose has been identified as an efficient C1 synthon in the synthesis of benzimidazoles from o-phenylenediamines via an oxidative cyclization strategy. Isotopic studies with 13C6-d-glucose and D2O unambiguously confirmed the source of methine. The notable features of this method include the following: broad functional group tolerance, a biorenewable methine source, excellent reaction yields, a short reaction time, water as an environmentally benign solvent, and the synthesis of vitamin B12 component on the gram scale.

18.
J Adv Nurs ; 76(10): 2572-2585, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744426

RESUMO

AIMS: To understand the effectiveness of a couple-based psychosocial information package (PIP) and multimedia psychosocial intervention (MPI) on patients with prostate cancer and their partners. DESIGN: A random assignment and quasi-experimental design were used. METHODS: From August 2015-March 2018, 103 newly diagnosed patients with prostate cancer and their partners were divided into a control group (CG) (N = 50), PIP group (N = 25) and MPI group (N = 28). The CG received usual care, the PIP group received information manuals and telephone counselling for 6-week and the MPI group received multimedia films and manuals and professional support for 6 weeks. The three groups were posttested 6, 10, 18 and 24 weeks after the pre-test. The outcome measurements included disease appraisals, emotion status, relationship satisfaction, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and satisfaction with MPI. RESULTS/FINDINGS: Partners in the MPI and PIP groups experienced significant improvements in positive and negative affect or mental HRQOL as compared with the CG. The effectiveness of MPI and PIP on negative affect, mental HRQOL, however, were not statistically significant in patients with prostate cancer. Nevertheless, patients were satisfied with the MPI. CONCLUSION: Nurses can provide different types of interventions for partners, depending on personal preferences and available resources. IMPACT: There is a lack of studies that focus on the effectiveness of couple-based psychosocial intervention on both the patients with prostate cancer and their partners in Asia. Partners in the multimedia psychosocial intervention group and psychosocial information package group experienced improvements in positive affect, negative affect or health-related quality of life as compared with the control group. Patients in both intervention groups experienced similar negative affect and health-related quality of life as compared with the control group. The couple-based psychosocial interventions can be provided by nurses based on partners' preferences and available resources.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Qualidade de Vida , Ásia , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Intervenção Psicossocial
19.
Biomedicines ; 8(9)2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825464

RESUMO

In this study, the anti-tumor activity of ilimaquinone (IQ), a sesquiterpene quinone isolated from marine sponge Halichondria sp., in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells, was investigated. IQ suppressed the viability of the OSCC cell lines SCC4 and SCC2095 with IC50 values of 7.5 and 8.5 µM, respectively. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that IQ induced caspase-dependent apoptosis in SCC4 cells and modulated the expression of several cell growth-related gene products, including Akt, p38, Mcl-1, and p53. Notably, p53 knockdown caused higher resistance to IQ's anti-tumor activity. In addition, IQ increased reactive oxygen species generation, which was partially reversed by the addition of antioxidants. Furthermore, it triggered autophagy, as evidenced by acidic organelle formation and LC3B-II and Atg5 expression in SCC4 cells. Pretreatment with the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine or chloroquine partially decreased IQ-induced apoptosis, suggesting that IQ induced protective autophagy. In summary, IQ has potential to be used in OSCC therapy.

20.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(7): 2114-2119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32775004

RESUMO

This study was designed to compare the efficacy of Cyproheptadine (CY) in patients with bladder cancer (BC) who received different therapeutic modalities. We used the database from a hospital in Taiwan for analysis. We included patients diagnosed as having bladder cancer from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2017. The patient cohort comprised those who received different treatments, and we compared patients who received CY with those who did not. In total, 627 patients were included, and the mean follow-up duration was 3.26 years. All data were filtered out by 230 million data and 119 patients had used CY. Among them, 32 patients were used over 3 months of CY. The CY treatment curve shown by Kaplan-Meier survival curves for patients treated is higher than that of the non-CY effect. The value of Chi-squared statistic was 4.138 with associated p-value less than 0.05. Two survival curves shown by the result of the log rank test differ significantly. The grouping variable different treatments for non-CY and CY has a significant influence on survival rate. These results suggest that the use of CY may improve the survival rate of patients with BC.

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