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1.
Arthroscopy ; 34(12): 3258-3265, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396800

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and adverse events associated with irradiated and nonirradiated allografts in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE were searched for randomized controlled trials from January 1990 to March 2018 to compare autograft with allograft in ACL reconstruction. Both objective and subjective outcomes of the function and adverse events were meta-analyzed. Two comparisons were summarized: (1) autograft and nonirradiated allograft and (2) autograft and irradiated allograft. The bias risk was based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The overall risk ratio or weighted mean difference was calculated using a fixed- or random-effects model. Heterogeneity between studies was evaluated by the Q and the I2 statistics. RESULTS: Eleven trials were included in this review for meta-analysis. A total of 1,172 patients were involved (465 autograft and 461 nonirradiated allograft; 141 autograft and 138 irradiated allograft patients). The average follow-up varied from 2 to >10 years. The mean patient age varied from 22 to 32.8 years. The total failure rate was 2.5%. Our analyses demonstrated better clinical outcomes in autograft than irradiated allograft, which could be observed clearly through the International Knee Documentation Committee score (3.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.93-5.76; P < .0001; I2 = 0%), Lysholm score (2.94; 95% CI, 0.66-5.22; P = .01; I2 = 0%), and Tegner score (0.14; 95% CI, -0.08 to 0.36; P = .22; I2 = 0%) with fewer adverse events 0.20 (95% CI, 0.11-0.39; P < .00001; I2 = 0%). There were no significant differences in autograft and nonirradiated allograft groups (P = .47, P = .27, P = .24, and P = .24, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Autograft offered greater advantages in functional outcomes and adverse events than irradiated allograft in ACL reconstruction; however, there were no significant differences between autograft and nonirradiated allograft in ACL reconstruction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, meta-analysis of Level I and Level II studies.

2.
J Cell Biochem ; 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387173

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a primary malignant bone tumor with high morbidity. Developing new therapeutic approaches with neoadjuvant is of great interest in OS treatment. Reportedly, ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)/ataxia telangiectasia and radiation resistance gene 3 related (ATR)-p53 signaling is considered as a critical DNA damage signaling pathway sensitizing cancer cells to chemotherapies; while wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (WIP1), an oncogene overexpressed in diverse cancers, has been regarded as a critical inhibitor in the ATM/ATR-p53 DNA damage signaling pathway. Herein, the expression of WIP1 in OS tissues and cell lines was examined; to investigate the mechanism of WIP1 abnormal upregulation, online tools were used to predict the upstream regulatory microRNAs (miRNAs) targeting WIP1. Among the candidate miRNAs, the expression and detailed function of miR-590 were validated. Through binding to the 3'-untranslated region of WIP1, miR-590 inhibited WIP1 expression and, therefore, enhanced the effect of Dox on OS cell proliferation and apoptosis through downstream ATM-p53 signaling. Moreover, RELA could bind to the promoter region of miR-590 to inhibit its expression, thereby affecting downstream WIP1 and ATM-p53 signaling. The expression of p65 was upregulated in OS tissues, indicating that the effect of p65 inhibition on cell viability, apoptosis, and related mechanisms could be partially restored by miR-590 inhibition. Taken together, these results showed that p65-mediated miR-590/WIP1/ATM-p53 modulation might be a novel target to enhance the cellular effect of Dox on OS cell lines.

3.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 2018 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate correlation between three-dimensional medial longitudinal arch joint complex mobility and medial arch angle in stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction flatfoot under loading. METHODS: CT scans of 15 healthy feet and 15 feet with stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction flatfoot were taken both in non- and simulated weight-bearing condition. The CT images of the hindfoot and medial longitudinal arch bones were reconstructed into three-dimensional models with Mimics and Geomagic reverse engineering software. The three-dimensional complex mobility of each joint in the medial longitudinal arch and their correlation with the medial arch angle change were calculated. RESULTS: From non- to simulated weight-bearing condition, the medial arch angle change and the medial longitudinal arch joints mobility were significant larger in stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction flatfoot (p<0.05). The eversion of the talocalcaneal joint, the proximal translation of the calcaneus relative to the talus, the dorsiflexion of the talonavicular joint, the dorsiflexion and abduction of the medial cuneonavicular joint, and the lateral translation of the medial cuneiform relative to the navicular, and the dorsiflexion of the first tarsometatarsal joint were all significantly correlated to the medial arch angle change in stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction flatfoot (all r>0.5, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There is increased mobility in the medial longitudinal arch joints in stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction flatfoot and the medial arch angle change under loading causes displacement not only at hindfoot joints but also involve midfoot and forefoot joint.

4.
Arthroscopy ; 34(7): 2218-2227, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29730208

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of cartilage fragments on tunnel widening and tendon-bone integration at 2 years' follow-up after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was performed in 116 patients who underwent ACLR with autologous hamstring tendons augmented with cartilage fragments (study group, n = 56) or without any augmentation (control group, n = 60). All patients were followed up for 25.6 months (range, 24-28 months), and the International Knee Documentation Committee score, Lysholm score, and visual analog scale score were determined. Computed tomography scans of all patients were obtained 2 years after surgery to evaluate the diameter of the femoral tunnel and thereby assess the amount of tunnel widening. Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation was performed 2 years postoperatively to evaluate the status of the graft in the femoral tunnel. In addition, 5 patients underwent biopsy of the tendon-bone interface at 24 months postoperatively with histologic assessment and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: A total of 107 patients completed the follow-up. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of International Knee Documentation Committee score (P = .07), Lysholm score (P = .10), and visual analog scale score (P = .57) at 24 months' follow-up. The femoral tunnel diameter and the tunnel widening percentage in the study group were significantly smaller than those in the control group (P < .001). The signal-noise quotient value of the graft in the femoral tunnel was 10.4 ± 7.0 in the study group, which was significantly lower than that in the control group (19.5 ± 9.2, P < .001). Histologic studies of the tendon-bone interface showed that there were more bone formations containing chondroid cells with aligned connective tissue in the study group compared with the control group; in addition, the diameter of the collagen fibrils in the study group was considerably thicker than that in the control group (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of cartilage fragments was effective in preventing femoral tunnel widening and seemed to promote the tendon-bone integration process after ACLR. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective randomized controlled study.

5.
Am J Sports Med ; 46(6): 1424-1431, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29533674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the highly organized tissue and avascular nature of the rotator cuff, rotator cuff tears have limited ability to heal after the tendon is reinserted directly on the greater tubercle of the humerus. Consequently, retears are among the most common complications after rotator cuff repair. Augmentation of rotator cuff repairs with patches has been an active area of research in recent years to reduce retear rate. HYPOTHESIS: Graft augmentation with 3D collagen could prevent retears of the repaired tendon and improve tendon-bone healing in moderate to large rotator cuff tears. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled study was performed in a consecutive series of 112 patients age 50 to 85 years who underwent rotator cuff repair with the suture-bridge technique (58 patients, control group) or the suture-bridge technique augmented with 3-dimensional (3D) collagen (54 patients, study group). All patients were followed for 28.2 months (range, 24-36 months). Visual analog scale score for pain, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, and Constant score were determined. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed pre- and postoperatively (at a minimum of 24 months) to evaluate the integrity of the rotator cuff and the retear rate of the repaired tendon. Three patients in each group had biopsies at nearly 24 months after surgery with histological assessment and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: A total of 104 patients completed the final follow-up. At the 12-month follow-up, the UCLA shoulder score was 28.1 ± 1.9 in the study group, which was significantly better than that in the control group (26.9 ± 2.1, P = .002). The Constant score was also significantly better in the study group (87.1 ± 3.2) than in the control group (84.9 ± 4.2, P = .003). However, at the final follow-up, no significant differences were found in the UCLA shoulder scores (29.4 ± 1.9 in the control group and 30.0 ± 1.6 in the study group, P = .052) or Constant scores (89.9 ± 3.2 in the control group and 90.8 ± 3.5 in the study group, P = .18). In terms of structural integrity, more patients in the study group had a favorable type I retear grade (18/51) than in the control group (10/53) ( P = .06). The postoperative retear rate was 34.0% in the control group and 13.7% in the study group, thus indicating a significantly lower retear rate in the study group ( P = .02). Biopsy specimens of the tendon-bone interface in 6 patients revealed more bone formation and more aligned fibers with larger diameters in the study group than in the control group. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were noted in either group. CONCLUSION: 3D collagen augmentation could provide effective treatment of moderate to large rotator cuff tears, providing substantial functional improvement, and could reduce the retear rate. This technique could also promote new tendon-bone formation, thus exerting a prominent effect on tendon-bone healing.

6.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; 476(8): 1633-1641, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29601383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Achilles tendinopathy is common in the general population, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is seeing increased use to treat this problem. However, studies disagree as to whether PRP confers a beneficial effect for chronic Achilles tendinopathy, and no one to our knowledge has pooled the available randomized trials in a formal meta-analysis to try to reconcile those differences. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In the setting of a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), we asked: Does PRP plus eccentric strength training result in (1) greater improvements in Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) scores; (2) differences in tendon thickness; or (3) differences in color Doppler activity compared with placebo (saline) injections plus eccentric strength training in patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy? METHODS: A search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted to identify all RCTs using PRP injection with eccentric training for chronic Achilles tendinopathy in the electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science (SCI-E/SSCI/A&HCI), and EMBASE from January 1981 to August 2017. Results were limited to human RCTs and published in all languages. Two reviewers assessed study quality using the Cochrane Collaboration risk-of-bias tool. All the included studies had low risk of bias. The primary endpoint was improvement in the VISA-A score, which ranges from 0 to 100 points, with higher scores representing increased activity and less pain; we considered the minimum clinically important difference on the VISA-A to be 12 points. Secondary outcomes were tendon thickness change (with a thicker tendon representing more severe disease), color Doppler activity (with more activity representing a poorer result), and other functional measures (such as pain and return to sports activity). Four RCTs involving 170 participants were eligible and included 85 participants treated with PRP injection and eccentric training and 85 treated with saline injection and eccentric training. The patients in both PRP and placebo (saline) groups seemed comparable at baseline. We assessed for publication bias using a funnel plot and saw no evidence of publication bias. Based on previous studies, we had 80% power to detect a 12-point difference on the VISA-A score with the available sample size in each group. RESULTS: With the numbers available, there was no difference between the PRP and saline groups regarding the primary outcome (VISA-A score: mean difference [MD], 5.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.7 to 11.3; p = 0.085). Likewise, we found no difference between the PRP and saline groups in terms of our secondary outcomes of tendon thickness change (MD, 0.2 mm; 95% CI, 0.6-1.0 mm; p = 0.663) and color Doppler activity (MD, 0.1; 95% CI, -0.7 to 0.4; p = 0.695). CONCLUSIONS: PRP injection with eccentric training did not improve VISA-A scores, reduce tendon thickness, or reduce color Doppler activity in patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy compared with saline injection. Larger randomized trials are needed to confirm these results, but until or unless a clear benefit has been demonstrated in favor of the new treatment, we cannot recommend it for general use. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I, therapeutic study.

7.
Am J Sports Med ; 46(7): 1767-1772, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28467100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although simple end-to-end repair of the Achilles tendon is common, many augmented repair protocols have been implemented for acute Achilles tendon rupture. However, whether augmented repair is better than nonaugmented repair of an acute Achilles tendon rupture is still unknown. PURPOSE: To conduct a meta-analysis to determine whether augmented surgical repair of an acute Achilles tendon rupture improved subjective patient satisfaction without an increase in rerupture rates. Secondary outcomes assessed included infections, ankle range of motion, calf muscle strength, and minor complications. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing augmented repair and nonaugmented repair for acute Achilles tendon rupture from January 1980 to August 2016 in the electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science (SCI-E/SSCI/A&HCI), and EMBASE. The keywords (Achilles tendon rupture) AND (surg* OR operat* OR repair* OR augment* OR non-augment* OR end-to-end OR sutur*) were combined, and results were limited to human RCTs and controlled clinical trials published in the English language. Four RCTs involving 169 participants were eligible for inclusion; 83 participants were treated with augmented repair and 86 were treated with nonaugmented repair. RESULTS: Augmented repair led to similar responses when compared with nonaugmented repair for acute Achilles tendon rupture (93% vs 90%, respectively; P = .53). The rerupture rates showed no significant difference for augmented versus nonaugmented repair (7.2% vs 9.3%, respectively; P = .69). No differences in superficial and deep infections occurred in augmented (7 infections) and nonaugmented (8 infections) repair groups during postoperative follow-up ( P = .89). The average incisional infection rate was 8.4% with augmented repair and 9.3% with nonaugmented repair. No significant differences in other complications were found between augmented (7.2%) and nonaugmented (8.1%) repair ( P = .80). CONCLUSION: Augmented repair, when compared with nonaugmented repair, was not found to improve patient satisfaction or reduce rerupture rate or infection rate. These conclusions are based on 4 trials with small sample sizes, and larger randomized trials are required to confirm these results.

8.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 16(5): 499-505, 2017 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28992882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone metastases (BMs) from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an increasingly common disease in Asia. We assessed the clinical features, prognostic factors, and differences in outcomes related to BMs among patients with different treatments for HCC. METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients who were diagnosed with BMs from HCC between January 2010 and December 2014 were retrospectively enrolled. The clinical features were identified, the impacts of prognostic factors on survival were statistically analyzed, and clinical data were compared. RESULTS: The median patient age was 54 years; 38 patients were male and 5 female. The most common site for BMs was the trunk (69.3%). BMs with extension to the soft tissue were found in 14 patients (32.5%). Most (90.7%) of the lesions were mixed osteolytic and osteoblastic, and most (69.8%) patients presented with multiple BMs. The median survival after BMs diagnosis was 11 months. In multivariate analyses, survival after BM diagnosis was correlated with Karnofsky performance status (P=0.008) and the Child-Pugh classification (P<0.001); BM-free survival was correlated with progression beyond the University of California San Francisco criteria (P<0.001) and treatment of primary tumors (P<0.001). BMs with extension to soft tissue were less common in liver transplantation patients. During metastasis, the control of intrahepatic tumors was improved in liver transplantation and hepatectomy patients, compared to conservatively treated patients. CONCLUSIONS: The independent prognostic factors of survival after diagnosis of BMs were the Karnofsky performance status and Child-Pugh classification. HCC patients developed BMs may also benefit from liver transplantation or hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
9.
Am J Cancer Res ; 7(4): 801-815, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28469954

RESUMO

Therapeutic antibodies or inhibitors targeting CSF-1R block colony stimulating factor-1/colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1/CSF-R) signaling, and have shown remarkable efficacy in the treatment of cancer. However, little is known about tumor cell-intrinsic CSF-1R effects. Here, we show that human osteosarcomas contain CSF-1R-expressing cancer subpopulations, and demonstrate that osteosarcoma cell-intrinsic CSF-1R promotes growth in vitro and in vivo. CSF-1R inhibition in osteosarcoma cells by RNA interference suppresses cell proliferation and tumor growth in mice. Conversely, CSF-1R overexpression enhances cell proliferation and accelerates tumor growth. CSF-1R overexpression can significantly enhance osteosarcoma cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), whereas silencing CSF-1R inhibits these processes. Microarray analysis suggests that jagged 1 (JAG1) can function as a downstream mediator of CSF-1R. Moreover, we report a signaling pathway involving CSF-1R and JAG1 that sustains osteosarcoma cell migration and invasion. Our results identify osteosarcoma cell intrinsic functions of the CSF-1R/JAG1 axis in dissemination of osteosarcoma cells.

10.
Neural Regen Res ; 11(10): 1678-1684, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27904502

RESUMO

Methylprednisolone exhibits anti-inflammatory antioxidant properties, and rosiglitazone acts as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ in the spinal cord. Methylprednisolone and rosiglitazone have been clinically used during the early stages of secondary spinal cord injury. Because of the complexity and diversity of the inflammatory process after spinal cord injury, a single drug cannot completely inhibit inflammation. Therefore, we assumed that a combination of methylprednisolone and rosiglitazone might promote recovery of neurological function after secondary spinal cord injury. In this study, rats were intraperitoneally injected with methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg) and rosiglitazone (2 mg/kg) at 1 hour after injury, and methylprednisolone (15 mg/kg) at 24 and 48 hours after injury. Rosiglitazone was then administered once every 12 hours for 7 consecutive days. Our results demonstrated that a combined treatment with methylprednisolone and rosiglitazone had a more pronounced effect on attenuation of inflammation and cell apoptosis, as well as increased functional recovery, compared with either single treatment alone, indicating that a combination better promoted recovery of neurological function after injury.

11.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 17(11): 874-881, 2016 Nov..
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27819134

RESUMO

To report a rare case of fungal spondylodiscitis in a patient recovered from H7N9 virus infection and perform a literature review of the different characteristics of Candida and Aspergillus spondylodiscitis, we reviewed cases of spondylodiscitis caused by Candida and Aspergillus species. Data, including patients' information, pathogenic species, treatment strategy, outcomes, and relapses, were collected and summarized. The characteristics of Candida and Aspergillus spondylodiscitis were compared to see if any differences in clinical features, management, or consequences could be detected. The subject of the case study was first misdiagnosed as having a vertebral tumor, and then, following open biopsy, was diagnosed as having fungal spondylodiscitis. The patient made a good recovery following radical debridement. Seventy-seven additional cases of Candida spondylodiscitis and 94 cases of Aspergillus spondylodiscitis were identified in the literature. Patients with Candida spondylodiscitis tended to have a better outcome than patients with Aspergillus spondylodiscitis (cure rate 92.3% vs. 70.2%). Candida was found more frequently (47.8%) than Aspergillus (26.7%) in blood cultures, while neurological deficits were observed more often in patients with Aspergillus spondylodiscitis (43.6% vs. 25.6%). Candida spinal infections were more often treated by radical debridement (60.5% vs. 39.6%). Patients with Candida spondylodiscitis have better outcomes, which may be associated with prompt recognition, radical surgical debridement, and azoles therapy. A good outcome can be expected in fungal spondylodiscitis with appropriate operations and anti-fungal drugs.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/etiologia , Candidíase/etiologia , Discite/etiologia , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana/complicações , Idoso , Aspergilose/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(41): e5145, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27741145

RESUMO

Corticosteroid injections for hand tendinitis can lead to a rare significant complication of tendon spontaneous rupture. However, only sporadic cases were reported in the literature before. This study was designed to gauge the clinical effect of tendon repair in patients of tendon spontaneous rupture after corticosteroid injection and analyze our experience.This was a retrospective observational study of 13 patients (8 women and 5 men) operated between July 2011 and December 2015 for tendon spontaneous rupture after corticosteroid injection. Demographic data, clinical features, imaging data, and surgical treatments were carefully reviewed.The average age was 52.308 ±â€Š15.381 years (range 29-71). The average injection times were 2.538 ±â€Š1.664 times (range 1-6). The average rupture time (after last injection) was 10.923 ±â€Š9.500 weeks (range 3-32). Nine patients were treated by tendon suture (69% of cases), and 4 patients were treated by tendon grafting (31% of cases). All patients received follow-up in our outpatient clinic. The sites of the tendon rupture (15 tendons of 13 patients had involved) include extensor pollicis longus (6 tendons, 40% of cases), extensor digiti quinti and extensor digiti minimi (4 tendons, 27% of cases), ring finger of extensor digitorum communis (3 tendons, 20% of cases), and middle finger of extensor digitorum communis (2 tendons, 13% of cases). Two patients who had tendon adhesion (15% of cases) were treated by tendon release. One patient who had tendon rerupture (8% of cases) was treated by tendon grafting. No patient had complications of infections, vascular, or nerve injury.Tendon spontaneous rupture is a serious complication after corticosteroid injection for tendinitis. Rigid standard of corticosteroid injection is very important. Magnetic resonance imaging was contributory to preoperative assess tendon defect and can be used to monitor healing quality of tendons during the follow-up.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Tenossinovite/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Mãos , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruptura Espontânea , Tenossinovite/induzido quimicamente
14.
Arthroscopy ; 32(7): 1444-50, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27129375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the basic science rationale, surgical technique, and clinical outcomes of 1-step cartilage repair technique used as a treatment strategy for cartilage defects. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in the main medical databases to evaluate the several studies concerning 1-step procedures for cartilage repair. The characteristics of cell-seed scaffolds, behavior of cells seeded into scaffolds, and surgical techniques were also discussed. Clinical outcomes and quality of repaired tissue were assessed using several standardized outcome assessment tools, magnetic resonance imaging scans, and biopsy histology. RESULTS: One-step cartilage repair could be divided into 2 types: chondrocyte-matrix complex (CMC) and autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC), both of which allow a simplified surgical approach. Studies with Level IV evidence have shown that 1-step cartilage repair techniques could significantly relieve symptoms and improve functional assessment (P < .05, compared with preoperative evaluation) at short-term follow-up. Furthermore, magnetic resonance imaging showed that 76% cases in all included case series showed at least 75% defect coverage in each lesion, and 3 studies clearly showed hyaline-like cartilage tissue in biopsy tissues by second-look arthroscopy. CONCLUSIONS: The 1-step cartilage repair technique, with its potential for effective, homogeneous distribution of chondrocytes and multipotent stem cells on the surface of the cartilage defect, is able to regenerate hyaline-like cartilage tissue, and it could be applied to cartilage repair by arthroscopy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, systematic review of Level II and IV studies.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada/métodos , Artroscopia , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Condrócitos/transplante , Condrogênese , Humanos , Células-Tronco Multipotentes/transplante , Tecidos Suporte
15.
World J Surg Oncol ; 14: 125, 2016 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27122017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Giant neurofibromas in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 involve multiple regions and are often difficult to surgically extirpate. However, surgical intervention is the most effective means for improving quality of life. The case reported herein is unique in that it involves a giant neurofibroma, involving the patient's peritoneal and pelvic cavities, retroperitoneal space, and buttock, which was causing compressive displacement of abdominal and pelvic organs. A challenging surgical intervention was required to accomplish near-total resection to relieve organ compression while preserving visceral and genitoanal function. CASE PRESENTATION: The case reported is of a patient presenting with a solitary giant retroperitoneal neurofibroma that threatened to obliterate both peritoneal and pelvic cavities and protruded conspicuously into the right gluteal region. The enormous dumbbell-shaped mass was surgically removed in three parts. Postoperative pathology studies confirmed a diagnosis of neurofibroma. Follow-up computed tomography images taken three months postoperatively revealed residual tumor in the perianal region. The patient's quality of life had measurably improved on follow-up at eight months. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical intervention in such extraordinary circumstances of a giant neurofibroma causing compressive displacement of critical organs reduces tumor burden, restores appearance and function of patient's body and internal organs, and improves the patient's quality of life.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Nádegas/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Abdome/patologia , Nádegas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neoplasias Pélvicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Carga Tumoral
16.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 69(8): 1059-65, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26993589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Head and neck defect reconstructions with various free perforator flaps have been widely reported. We recommend a technique of using endoscopy to confirm the location of the medial sural artery perforator (MSAP). Further, we use a free MSAP flap for the reconstruction of head and neck defects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since 2010, we have carried out 18 transfers of the free MSAP flap in various anatomical locations of the head and neck. The free flap was designed based on endoscopy confirmation and contained perforator vessels. The donor site was directly sutured or skin grafted. RESULTS: Twenty perforators (35.7%) detected by Doppler were confirmed by endoscopy. The number of sizable perforators ranged from one to three (mean, 1.4). The size of the flaps ranged from 22 to 88 cm(2) (mean, 41 cm(2)). The length of vascular pedicle ranged from 5 to 14 cm (mean, 8.3 cm). All 18 flaps survived with good quality and aesthetic contours. CONCLUSIONS: The MSAP flap is an ideal flap for head and neck reconstruction. It has generally thin and pliable skin, a long and reliable vascular pedicle, straightforward intramuscular dissection, the possibility of chimeric flap design, and minimal donor-site morbidity. The reliability and safety of harvesting an MSAP flap may be increased by endoscopic confirmation of the perforators.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 24(5): 1643-50, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25986097

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A literature review of the first-, second- and third-generation autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) technique for the treatment of large-sized (>4 cm(2)) and full-thickness knee cartilage defects in young adults was conducted, examining the current literature on features, clinical scores, complications, magnetic resonance image (MRI) and histological outcomes, rehabilitation and cost-effectiveness. METHODS: A literature review was carried out in the main medical databases to evaluate the several studies concerning ACI treatment of large-sized and full-thickness knee cartilage defects in young adults. RESULTS: ACI technique has been shown to relieve symptoms and improve functional assessment in large-sized (>4 cm(2)) and full-thickness knee articular cartilage defect of young adults in short- and medium-term follow-up. Besides, low level of evidence demonstrated its efficiency and durability at long-term follow-up after implantation. Furthermore, MRI and histological evaluations provided the evidence that graft can return back to the previous nearly normal cartilage via ACI techniques. Clinical outcomes tend to be similar in different ACI techniques, but with simplified procedure, low complication rate and better graft quality in the third-generation ACI technique. CONCLUSION: ACI based on the experience of cell-based therapy, with the high potential to regenerate hyaline-like tissue, represents clinical development in treatment of large-sized and full-thickness knee cartilage defects. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Assuntos
Doenças das Cartilagens/cirurgia , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Condrócitos/transplante , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(8): 13417-20, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26550277

RESUMO

Ollier's disease remains comparatively rare, and is a non-hereditary cartilage dysplasia of bone. It is usually associated with problems such as deformity and fracture. Three different methods were used in a one-hand of 15-year-old boy reporting his pain in the left hand and swellings. After the curettage of tumor, regarding as the differences of all parts of the bone structure reconstruction in the patient's hand, we chose three following methods for this boy, i.e. fixed by the locking plate with calcium phosphate cement, filled with allograft bone, curetted the tumor without any bone graft. After the surgery, the patient was able to perform full motion of the operated hand. No evidence of recurrence was noted four years after surgery. To choose the different ways with bone grafts or not that relies on the patients' conditions for bone structure reconstruction. However, patients with large osseous defects or pathological fracture, we demand full bone graft and reliable internal fixation. After surgery, early exercises can reach a desirable result and functional recovery.

19.
Asian Pac J Trop Med ; 8(9): 752-6, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26433662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical significance of microRNA-130b (miR-130b) in osteosarcoma and its role in cell growth and invasion. METHODS: miR-130b expression was detected in 68 samples of surgically resected osteosarcoma and matched normal tumor-adjacent tissues by qRT-PCR. The expression of miR-130b was altered by corresponding vectors in osteosarcoma cells, and then Western blot was used to detect the expression of PPARγ. BrdU cell proliferation and Transwell assays were performed to determine cell proliferation and invasion. RESULTS: The expression of miR-130b in osteosarcoma tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tumor-adjacent tissues. Its expression in patients with metastasis was significantly higher than that in those without metastases. miR-130b expression in tumor tissues was significantly associated with tumor size, clinical stage and distant metastasis. And its expression was significantly correlated with overall survival and disease free survival. miR-130b overexpression obviously repressed the expression of PPARγ, and resulted in significant increase of Saos-2 cell proliferation and invasion. On the contrast, repressing miR-130b expression with its inhibitor significantly increased PPARγ expression, and inhibited MG-63 cell proliferation and invasion. CONCLUSIONS: The high-expression of miR-130b is correlated with the adverse clinicopathological features and poor prognosis in osteosarcoma. miR-130b may regulate proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma cells by targeting PPARγ, suggesting miR-130b may play a key role in the progression of osteosarcoma.

20.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 24(12): 1852-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26456434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an innovative clinical therapy, especially in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical improvement and tendon-to-bone healing with and without PRP therapy in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: A systematic search was done in the major medical databases to evaluate the studies using PRP therapy (PRP+) or with no PRP (PRP-) for the treatment of patients with rotator cuff tears. We reviewed clinical scores such as the Constant score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Rating Scale, the Simple Shoulder Test, and the failure-to-heal rate by magnetic resonance imaging between PRP+ and PRP- groups. RESULTS: Five studies included in this review were used for a meta-analysis based on data availability. There were no statistically significant differences between PRP+ and PRP- groups for overall outcome scores (P > .05). However, the PRP+ group exhibited better healing rates postoperatively than the PRP- group (P = .03) in small/moderate full-thickness tears. CONCLUSION: The use of PRP therapy in full-thickness rotator cuff repairs showed no statistically significant difference compared with no PRP therapy in clinical outcome scores, but the failure-to-heal rate was significantly decreased when PRP was used for treatment of small-to-moderately sized tears. PRP therapy may improve tendon-to-bone healing in patients with small or moderate rotator cuff tears.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Humanos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Cicatrização
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