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1.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 25: 564-576, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585904

RESUMO

The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has steadily increased over the recent years, making this cancer a common malignant tumor world-wide. We tested the hypothesis that Nuclear Enriched Abundant sh-NEAT1 knock-down ranscript 1 (NEAT1) is involved in the pathogenesis of PTC in vitro and in vivo. We show that NEAT1 is highly expressed in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma cell line (PTC-1) and anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line (SW1736) as compared with the human thyroid follicular epithelial cell line (Nthy-ori 3-1). shRNA knockdown of NEAT1 led to the inhibition of cell growth, invasion, migration and Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) of thyroid cancer cells. This treatment increased the rate of apoptosis in SW1736 cells. Silencing of NEAT1 increased the level of its regulator, miRNA-126 and down-regulated VEGFA that sets the density of tumor vasculature. Administrtation of sh-NEAT1 also inhibited tumor growth in vivo, increased the miRNA-126 level and down-regulated VEGFA. Taken together, these results indicate that silencing NEAT1 suppresses thyroid carcinoma via miR-126/NEAT1/VEGFA axis.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14533, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601864

RESUMO

We determined the effects of insufficient maternal energy on testicular development in offspring in a swine model. Thirty-six sows were divided into control (CON) and low-energy diet (LE) groups during gestation. We observed that the number of Sertoli, germ, and Leydig cells in the offspring of the CON group were significantly higher than those in the LE group at 28 and 120 d after birth. Furthermore, the percentage of apoptotic testis cells was significantly higher in the offspring of the LE group than in the CON group. Transcriptome analysis of differentially expressed mRNAs and long noncoding RNAs in offspring testes indicated that these RNAs were mainly involved in lipid metabolism, apoptosis, cell proliferation, and some pivotal regulatory pathways. Results revealed that AMPK-PI3K-mTOR, MAPK, and oxidative phosphorylation signaling pathways play an important role in mediating the programming effect of insufficient maternal energy on testicular development, and that this effect occurs mainly at an early stage in life. mRNA and protein expression analyses confirmed the importance of certain signaling pathways in the regulation of testicular development. This study provides insights into the influence and possible mechanism underlying the effect of inadequate maternal energy intake on testicular development in the offspring.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(39): 22048-22056, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565718

RESUMO

Molecules with planar tetracoordinate carbons (ptCs) are exotic in chemical bonding, and they are normally designed according to the 18-electron rule. Here we report on the viability of ptC clusters with as few as 12 valence electrons, which represent the lower limit in terms of electron counting. Specifically, we have computationally designed a class of ternary 12-electron ptC clusters, CBe3X3+ (X = H, Li, Na, Cu, Ag), based on a rhombic CBe32- unit. Computer structural searches reveal that the ptC species are global minima, whose C center is coordinated in-plane by three Be atoms and a terminal X atom via robust C-Be/C-X bonding, either covalent or ionic. The other two X atoms are on the periphery and each bridge two Be atoms. Bonding analyses show that the ptC core is governed by delocalized 2π/6σ bonding, that is, double π/σ aromaticity, which collectively conforms to the 8-electron counting. Additional 4 electrons contribute to peripheral Be-X-Be and Be-Be σ bonding. The delocalized 2π/6σ frameworks appear to be universal for all ptC clusters, ranging from 18-electron down to 12-electron systems. In other words, the ptC species are dictated entirely by the 8-electron counting. Predicted vertical electron affinities of these ptC clusters range from 3.13 to 5.48 eV, indicative of superalkali or pseudoalkali cations.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571473

RESUMO

A n-Cu2O layer formed a high-quality buried junction with p-Cu2O to increase the photovoltage and thus to shift the turn-on voltage positively. Mott-Schottky measurements confirmed that the improvement benefited from a thermodynamic shift of the flat-band potentials. The obtained extremely positive onset potential, 0.8 V (vs. RHE) in n-Cu2O/AuAg/p-Cu2O, is comparable with measurements from water-reduction catalysts. The AuAg alloy sandwiched between the homojunction of n-Cu2O and p-Cu2O improved the photocatalytic performance. This alloy both served as an electron relay and promoted electron-hole pair generation in nearby semiconductors; the charge transfer between n-Cu2O and p-Cu2O in the sandwich structure was measured with X-ray absorption spectra. Acting as a plasmonic photosensitizer, the alloy increased the efficiency of conversion of solar energy to electric current. The mechanism of plasmonic energy transfer involved a direct transfer of the plasmonic hot carriers; the interfacial Schottky barrier height modulated the plasmonic hot electron transfer. This facile sandwich structure combines both electrical and optical functions of alloy nanoparticles into a single structure, which has implications for the design of efficient devices to harvest solar energy.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(18)2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540305

RESUMO

To study the effects of maternal fiber supplementation during pregnancy on the testicular development of male offspring and its possible mechanisms, 36 sows (Landrace × Yorkshire) were allocated to either a control diet (n = 18) or a fiber diet (the control diet supplemented with 22.60 g/kg inulin and 181.60 g/kg cellulosic; n = 18) during pregnancy. The body and testes weight of the offspring, 7-day-old piglets, was recorded. Testes were collected for further analyses. Results showed that the testicular organ index and the number of spermatogonia in single seminiferous tubule were higher in piglets from the fiber group than from the control group (p < 0.05). In addition, a significant increase in the concentration of glucose, lactate, and lipids in the testes was found in the fiber group (p < 0.05). Proteomic analysis suggested that there were notable differences in glucolipid transport and metabolism, oxidation, and male reproduction-related proteins expression between the two groups (p < 0.05). Results revealed that the most enriched signaling pathways in the fiber group testes included starch and sucrose metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and the renin-angiotensin system. mRNA expression analyzes further confirmed the importance of some signaling pathways in maternal fiber nutrition regulating offspring testicular development. Our results shed new light on the underlying molecular mechanisms of maternal fiber nutrition on offspring testicular development and provided a valuable insight for future explorations of the effect of maternal fiber nutrition on man reproduction.

7.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 6554-6562, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND In previous studies, higher expression of PREX1 (PtdIns (3,4,5)P3-dependent Rac exchanger 1) has been detected in some subsets of breast cancer, and activation of PREX1 has been associated with tumor progression in vivo. However, an association between PREX1 and breast cancer prognosis has not been examined. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we investigated the expression and correlation of PREX1 with important clinical factors and prognosis of patients with breast cancer. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for 121 tumor tissue specimens obtained from primary breast cancer lesions. RESULTS We found that 55 tissues exhibited positive staining for PREX1. Moreover, tumors positive for PREX1 were found to have significant association with recurrence rate (P=0.000) and metastasis rate (P=0.001). Univariate and multivariate regression analyses also identified PREX1 expression as an independent variable of disease-free survival. Our analyses indicate that high levels of PREX1 expression were related to longer disease-free survival in patients with breast cancer (P=0.013). CONCLUSIONS PREX1 is a favorable variable of prognosis for breast cancer patients, these study results need to be confirmed in larger research studies.

8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(9): 936-9, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compared the therapeutic effect between filiform fire needle assisted 308 nm excimer laser and simple 308 nm excimer laser on vitiligo of different parts. METHODS: Target lesions of 134 patients were divided into an observation group and a control group according to the principle of self-controlled, 201 pieces in each one. In the observation group, filiform fire needle was performed at target lesions. Then target lesions both of the two groups were irradiated with 308 nm excimer laser at the same time. Once every 2 weeks, totally 10 treatments were required. The effective rate and effective rate, color recovery rate and responding time of different parts in the two groups were evaluated 2 weeks after treatment. RESULTS: The effective rate in the observation group was 82.59% (166/201), which was higher than 68.16% (137/201) in the control group (P<0.01). The effective rate of face-neck, trunk, limbs and hand-foot were 90.32%, 81.63%, 81.48% and 58.62% respectively in the observation group, which were higher than 82.80%, 69.39%, 51.85% and 31.03% in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The color recovery rate of different parts in the observation group was higher than the control group, and the effect was faster in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Filiform fire needle as an adjunctive therapy, combined with 308 nm excimer laser are more effective than simple 308 nm excimer laser for vitiligo of different parts. Combination therapy has a shorter responding time, the face-neck has the best effect and hand-foot has poor effect.

9.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 17: 197-202, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487640

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia (HUA) in women with preeclampsia (PE) not only indicates a reminder of severity but also contributes directly to the pathogenesis of PE. ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) has a very strong effect on the serum urate concentrations. Our aim was to investigate the association between polymorphisms of ABCG2 with PE in Chinese Han female population. A cohort of 793 preeclamptic women (466 PE with HUA and 327 PE without HUA) and 744 normal pregnant women recruited in this study were genotyped for genetic distribution of Q141K (rs2231142) and Q126X (72552713) in ABCG2 by the TaqMan allelic discrimination real-time PCR. There was no statistically significant difference of genotypic and allelic frequencies between PE and the normal pregnant women in Q141K (Χ2 = 1.11, P = 0.58 by genotype; Χ2 = 0.32, P = 0.57 by allele) and Q126X (P = 0.33 by genotype; P = 0.33 by allele), and no significant difference was found in the genetic distribution of Q141K and Q126X between PE with HUA, PE without HUA and controls. Additionally, this study observed no significant difference in genotypic and allelic distribution between early/late-onset PE with/without HUA or mild/severe PE with/without HUA and control subgroups. Based on our findings, the ABCG2 Q141K and Q126X polymorphisms may not be associated with PE in Chinese Han women.

10.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 133: 110778, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472224

RESUMO

This study was to investigate the structure of a polysaccharide fraction from the Fortunella margarita and the relationship between its digestibility and structure. A novel polysaccharide fraction extracted by graded precipitation at ethanol concentrations of 20% from F. margarita (named FP20) comprised mainly glucose, galactose, and mannose. The unit composition was →4)-ß-Glcp-(1 → 2)-α-Glcp-(1 → 2)-α-Galp-(1 → 4)-α-Galp-(1→ bone, and in →2)-α-Galp-(1→) with a branching point at C6 of ß-Manp. FP20 was identified as a mannogalactoglucan with a different monosaccharide composition ratio and side-chain sugar residues compared with other plant polysaccharides. Moreover, FP20 had a spherical aggregations by atomic force microscope test. FP20 had an island-shaped structures with a smooth surface revealed by field emission scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, in vitro digestive test, FP20 was resistance to a digestion system of saliva-gastric-small intestinal. The digestibility of FP20 was related to its backbone unit, structure and tight, uniform, and spherical chain conformation in aqueous.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549216

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Veliparib is an oral inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 and -2. PARP-1 expression may be increased in cancer, and this increase confers resistance to cytotoxic agents. We aimed to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and pharmacokinetics (PK) of veliparib combined with paclitaxel and carboplatin. METHODS: Eligibility criteria included patients with advanced solid tumors treated with ≤ 3 prior regimens. Paclitaxel and carboplatin were administered on day 3 of a 21-day cycle. Veliparib was given PO BID days 1-7, except for cycle 1 in the first 46 patients to serve as control for toxicity and PK. A standard "3 + 3" design started veliparib at 10 mg BID, paclitaxel at 150 mg/m2, and carboplatin AUC 6. The pharmacokinetic (PK) disposition of veliparib, paclitaxel, and carboplatin was determined by LC-MS/MS and AAS during cycles 1 and 2. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were enrolled. Toxicities were as expected with carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy, including neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and peripheral neuropathy. DLTs were seen in two of seven evaluable patients at the maximum administered dose (MAD): veliparib 120 mg BID, paclitaxel 200 mg/m2, and carboplatin AUC 6 (febrile neutropenia, hyponatremia). The MTD and RP2D were determined to be veliparib 100 mg BID, paclitaxel 200 mg/m2, and carboplatin AUC 6. Median number of cycles of the three-agent combination was 4 (1-16). We observed 22 partial and 5 complete responses. Veliparib did not affect paclitaxel or carboplatin PK disposition. CONCLUSION: Veliparib, paclitaxel, and carboplatin were well tolerated and demonstrated promising antitumor activity.

12.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(10): 1189-1194, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542897

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We hypothesize delayed perihematomal edema (DHE) leads to secondary injury after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) with a poor prognosis. Hence, we need to investigate the risk factors of DHE and identify whether DHE will predict the poor outcome of sICH. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 121 patients with sICH admitted to the Department of Neurology from January 2014 to August 2018. After dividing all these patients into DHE group and non-DHE group, we analyzed the potential risk factors and outcome of DHE using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: We conclude DHE after sICH associates with age, hospitalization time, hematoma shape, blood pressure upon admission, alcohol consumption, blood sodium level, and baseline hematoma volume within 24 hours after symptom onset, among which differences were statistically significant (P < .05). Logistic regression analysis finally identified that age (OR = 0.958, 95% CI = 0.923-0.995) and the baseline hematoma volume (OR = 1.161, 95% CI = 1.089-1.238) were the most significant risk factors for DHE, and moreover, the DHE (OR = 3.062, 95% CI = 1.196-7.839) was also a risk factor for poor prognosis in sICH patients. CONCLUSION: We suggest DHE is a clinical predictor of secondary injury following sICH and poor prognosis. In addition, age and baseline hematoma volume are considered significant high-risk factors for DHE in patients with sICH.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550123

RESUMO

Despite the recent advances in electrochemical water splitting, developing cost-effective and highly efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) still remains a substantial challenge. Herein, two-dimensional cobalt phosphate hydroxides (Co5(PO4)2(OH)4) nanosheets, a unique stacking-disordered phosphate-based inorganic material, are successfully prepared via a facile and scalable method for the first time to serve as a superior and robust electrocatalyst for water oxidation. On the basis of the detailed characterization (e.g., X-ray absorption near-edge structure and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), the obtained nanosheets consist of special zigzag CoO6 octahedral chains along with intrinsic lattice distortion and excellent hydrophilicity, in which these factors contribute to the highly efficient performance of prepared electrocatalysts for OER. Specifically, Co5(PO4)2(OH)4 deposited on glassy carbon electrode (loading amount ≈0.553 mg cm-2) can exhibit an unprecedented overpotential of 254 mV to drive a current density of 10 mA cm-2 with a small Tafel slope of 57 mV dec-1 in alkaline electrolytes, which outperforms the ones of CO3(PO4)2 (370 mV) and Co(OH)2 (360 mV) as well as other advanced catalysts. Evidently, this work has opened a new pathway to the rational design of promising metal phosphate hydroxides toward the efficient electrochemical energy conversion.

14.
Bioresour Technol ; 294: 122094, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521980

RESUMO

Pretreatment is a vital process for efficient saccharification and utilization of lignocellulose. In this study, crude glycerol derived from biodiesel production was used for pretreatment to facilitate selective saccharification via fast pyrolysis. Due to the efficient removal of alkali and alkaline earth metals (>95.0%) and lignin (79.4%) by crude glycerol pretreatment, the yield of levoglucosan was evaluated to 25.2% as compared to those from pure glycerol pretreated (14.4%) and untreated sugarcane bagasse (8.4%). Meanwhile, the production of inhibitors (e.g. acetic acid, phenol) to biocatalysts was also obviously inhibited from crude glycerol pretreated biomass. Consequently, this work provided a cost-effective and eco-friendly pretreatment mode, which could not only make full utilization of crude glycerol, but also improve the fermentability of lignocellulosic pyrolysate.

15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 225: 115219, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521308

RESUMO

Demand for fabricating robust hemicelluloses composites has been continuously increasing so as to replace petroleum-derived materials with renewable resources. In this study, a new galactomannan with high molecular weight was extracted from endosperms of Sesbania cannabina which could improve the formation of arabinoxylan film. Inspired by the excellent mechanical properties and hierarchical structure of natural nacre, these naturally extracted arabinoxylan and galactomannan were further self-assembled with bentonite nanosheets, generating a ternary paper with multilayered structure. These hemicelluloses-bentonite papers exhibited the highest tensile strength of 80.87 MPa, 2.39 times that of the hemicelluloses paper without bentonite, which was achieved by the crosslinking reactions between hemicelluloses and bentonite nanosheets. Our study further demonstrated that these papers possess superior gas barrier, water-resistant and fire-retardant properties with the addition of small amount of bentonite nanosheet, which holds the potential for use as fire-protective insulations, coatings, packaging, and aerospace materials.

16.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1930, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474996

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that often occurs in the intensive care unit. The excessive activation of the host's immune system at early stages contributes to multiple organ damage. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP1) exerts an important effect on the inflammatory process. In our recent bioinformatic analysis, we confirmed that the inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP1B) significantly promoted the expression of MKP1 in murine macrophages. However, the underlying mechanism and its effect on macrophage polarization remain unclear. In this study, we show that the suppression of PTP1B induced upregulation of MKP1 in M1 macrophages. A RayBiotech mouse inflammation antibody assay further revealed that MKP1-knockdown promoted pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1ß, IL12p70, IL-17, IL-21, IL-23, and TNF-α) secretion but suppressed anti-proinflammatory cytokine (IL-10) production in M2 macrophages. Phospho-proteomics analysis further identified ERK1/2 and p38 as downstream molecules of MKP1. Moreover, we found that the inhibition of PTP1B lowered the expression of miR-26a, showing a negative correlation with MKP1 protein expression. Thus, we concluded that the inhibition of PTP1B contributes to M2 macrophage polarization via reducing mir-26a and afterwards enhancing MKP1 expression in murine macrophages.

17.
Biosci Trends ; 13(4): 342-350, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527330

RESUMO

The retinoid-interferon-induced mortality-19 (GRIM-19) gene has been identified as a negative regulator associated with tumor development. The current study created a model of an orthotopically implanted hepatocarcinoma tumor to verify the inhibitory effect of GRIM-19 in vivo. After treatment with GRIM-19 carried by attenuated Salmonella, transplanted tumors were measured with an Imaging System. The expression of GRIM-19, Stat3/p-Stat3, cyclinD1, CDK4, PCNA, Bax/Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-9/3, VEGF, and MMP-2/9 was determined using immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The cell cycle was assessed using flow cytometry (FCM). Apoptosis was determined using FCM and a TUNEL assay. Results indicated that GRIM-19 overexpression resulted in inhibition of peritoneal metastasis, induction of cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in vivo. In addition, the expression of Stat3/p-Stat3 was down-regulated by GRIM-19. These results suggest that GRIM-19 overexpression could suppress the growth of orthotopically implanted hepatocarcinoma tumors by reversing the regulation of the Stat3 signaling pathway. This approach could potentially be a powerful treatment for hepatocarcinoma.

18.
Stem Cell Reports ; 13(2): 419-433, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412286

RESUMO

In vertebrates, estrogen receptors are essential for estrogen-associated early gonadal sex development. Our previous studies revealed sexual dimorphic expression of estrogen receptor ß2 (ERß2) during embryogenesis of medaka, and here we investigated the functional importance of ERß2 in female gonad development and maintenance using a transgenerational ERß2-knockdown (ERß2-KD) line and ERß2-null mutants. We found that ERß2 reduction favored male-biased gene transcription, suppressed female-responsive gene expression, and affected SDF1a and CXCR4b co-assisted chemotactic primordial germ cell (PGC) migration. Co-overexpression of SDF1a and CXXR4b restored the ERß2-KD/KO associated PGC mismigration. Further analysis confirmed that curtailment of ERß2 increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration, disrupted intra- and extracellular calcium homeostasis, and instigated autophagic germ cell degradation and germ cell loss, which in some cases ultimately affected the XX female sexual development. This study is expected improve our understanding of germ cell maintenance and sex spectrum, and hence open new avenues for reproductive disorder management.

20.
Int Orthop ; 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tibiofibular syndesmosis injury leads to ankle pain and dysfunction when ankle injuries are not treated properly. Despite several studies having been performed, many questions about diagnosis and treatment remain unanswered, especially in ankle syndesmosis injury with interosseous membrane injury. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to help guide best practice recommendations. METHODS: This review explores the mechanism of injury, clinical features, diagnosis methods, and the treatment strategy for ankle syndesmosis injury with interosseous membrane injury to highlight the current evidence in terms of the controversies surrounding the management of these injuries. RESULTS: Radiological and CT examination are an important basis for diagnosing ankle syndesmosis injury. Physical examination combined with MRI to determine the damage to the interosseous membrane is significant in guiding the treatment of ankle syndesmosis injury with interosseous membrane injury. In the past, inserting syndesmosis screws was the gold standard for treating ankle syndesmosis injury. However, there were increasingly more controversies regarding loss of reduction and broken nails, so elastic fixation has become more popular in recent years. CONCLUSIONS: Anatomical reduction and effective fixation are the main aspects to be considered in the treatment of ankle syndesmosis injury with interosseous membrane injury and are the key to reducing postsurgery complications.

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