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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557157

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the electromechanical function detected by acoustic cardiography before and after radiofrequency ablation therapy (RFA) in paroxysmal AF (PAF) patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Seventy-five symptomatic PAF patients and 69 patients without arrhythmia were enrolled. Thirty-seven PAF patients received RFA therapy. Acoustic cardiographic exam was performed to check S3 and S4 heart sound, electromechanical activation time (EMAT), LV systolic time percentage (LVST), and systolic dysfunction index (SDI) in all participants. Furthermore, 37 PAF patients also received follow-up acoustic cardiography postRFA. PAF had impaired electromechanical systolic function compared with health participants (%EMAT 14.69 ± 3.62 vs. 10.84 ± 2.62; %LVST 40.83 ± 5.14 vs. 36.70 ± 3.87; SDI 4.75 ± 1.61 vs. 3.26 ± 0.96 all p < 0.001). RFA can improve electromechanical systolic function. Improvement below 13.1% could predict the recurrent AF postcatheter ablation. Higher degree of improved electromechanical systolic function postRFA contribute to lower recurrence of AF. Graphical Abstract Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for % change of systolic dysfunction index (SDI) postRFA in the detection of recurrent AF.

3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(6): e206424, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478848

RESUMO

Importance: Current guidelines recommend the use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Data regarding warfarin sodium use compared with NOAC use in patients with AF with a history of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) are limited. Objective: To compare the clinical outcomes of warfarin use and NOAC use in patients with AF with a history of ICH using a nationwide cohort with AF. Design, Setting, and Participants: A nationwide cohort study from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016, was performed using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The dates of analysis were July 1 to September 1, 2019. The study population comprised patients with AF with a history of ICH and a CHA2DS2-VASc score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years [doubled], diabetes, prior stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism [doubled], vascular disease [prior myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease], age 65-74 years, sex category [female]) of at least 1 for men or at least 2 for women who had received warfarin or NOACs. The clinical outcomes were examined using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses among the study population before and after propensity score matching. Exposures: Oral anticoagulation with warfarin or NOACs. Main Outcomes and Measures: The clinical outcomes measured were all-cause mortality, ischemic stroke, ICH, major bleeding, and adverse events. Results: The study cohort included 4540 patients (mean [SD] age, 76.0 [10.5] years; 2653 men [58.4%]), with 1047 patients receiving warfarin (mean [SD] age, 75.1 [11.4] years; 571 men [54.5%]) and 3493 patients receiving NOACs (mean [SD] age, 76.3 [10.2] years; 2082 men [59.6%]). Compared with warfarin use, NOAC use was associated with statistically significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.517; 95% CI, 0.457-0.585), ICH (aHR, 0.556; 95% CI, 0.389-0.796), and major bleeding (aHR, 0.645; 95% CI, 0.525-0.793), whereas the rate of ischemic stroke was similar in the 2 groups (aHR, 0.879; 95% CI, 0.678-1.141). These results were generally consistent after propensity score matching among 973 patients in each group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with AF with prior ICH, NOAC use was associated with lower rates of ICH and major bleeding compared with warfarin use, whereas the rate of ischemic stroke was similar in the 2 groups. Among patients with AF with prior ICH, NOACs could be the preferred choice for stroke prevention.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Precise segmentation of the left atrium (LA) in computed tomography (CT) images constitutes a crucial preparatory step for catheter ablation in atrial fibrillation (AF). We aim to apply deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) to automate the LA detection/segmentation procedure and create three-dimensional (3D) geometries. METHODS: Five hundred eighteen patients who underwent procedures for circumferential isolation of four pulmonary veins were enrolled. Cardiac CT images (from 97 patients) were used to construct the LA detection and segmentation models. These images were reviewed by the cardiologists such that images containing the LA were identified/segmented as the ground truth for model training. Two DCNNs which incorporated transfer learning with the architectures of ResNet50/U-Net were trained for image-based LA classification/segmentation. The LA geometry created by the deep learning model was correlated to the outcomes of AF ablation. RESULTS: The LA detection model achieved an overall 99.0% prediction accuracy, as well as a sensitivity of 99.3% and a specificity of 98.7%. Moreover, the LA segmentation model achieved an intersection over union of 91.42%. The estimated mean LA volume of all the 518 patients studied herein with the deep learning model was 123.3 ± 40.4 ml. The greatest area under the curve with a LA volume of 139 ml yielded a positive predictive value of 85.5% without detectable AF episodes over a period of one year following ablation. CONCLUSIONS: The deep learning provides an efficient and accurate way for automatic contouring and LA volume calculation based on the construction of the 3D LA geometry.

7.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; : e12767, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The autonomic activity plays a critical role in generating paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). This study aimed to evaluate the changes in the autonomic nerve activity before and after PAF events in patients with and without ischemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: The study included 49 patients (71.43 ± 12.24 years old, 26 males) with PAF events lasting more than 30 s during 24-hr ambulatory Holter monitoring. The 20-min intervals before and after PAF events were divided into eight segments of 5 min each. Heart rate variability (HRV) analyses of the time and frequency domains were applied to each time segment. RESULTS: Patients with IHD had significant increases in the root mean square successive differences (r-MSSD, p = .008) and HF component (p = .04), followed by a significant increase in the LF/HF ratio (p = .02) preceding the onset of PAF. Patients without IHD had only a significant increase in the r-MSSD (p = .045) preceding the onset of PAF. During the termination of PAF events, patients in both the IHD and control groups had a significantly decreased r-MSSD and HF, respectively. CONCLUSION: Ischemic heart disease causes a sympathovagal imbalance in the initiation of PAF. Decreased parasympathetic activity regulated the termination of PAF in both the IHD and control groups. The modification of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity should be individualized due to the autonomic complexity in AF arrhythmogenesis and termination.

9.
Nutrients ; 12(5)2020 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with poor outcomes in patients with cancer, heart failure and chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 3118 patients with CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 2005 to 2015. Nutritional status was evaluated using the CONUT score, with higher scores reflecting worse nutritional status. RESULTS: After adjustment for comorbidities and medication, an increased CONUT score was independently associated with a higher risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (HR: 1.13; 95% CI: 1.03-1.24), cardiovascular (CV) death (HR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.07-1.30), congestive heart failure (CHF) (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.04-1.18), a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.07-1.22), and total CV events (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.07-1.15). The subgroup analyses demonstrated that the association of the CONUT score existed independently of other established cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, CONUT significantly improved risk stratification for myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac death, CHF, MACEs and total CV events compared to conventional risk factors in CAD patients by the significant increase in the C-index (p < 0.05) and reclassification risk categories in cardiac death and MACEs. Conclusions The CONUT score improved the risk prediction of adverse events compared to traditional risk factors in CAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

10.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulants (OACs) may serve as a "screening test" for gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancies through the presentation of bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To investigate 1-year incidence and predictors of GI cancers after GI bleeding among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with warfarin or NOACs. The risks of mortalities after GI cancers between patients receiving warfarin or NOACs were compared. METHODS: A total of 10,845 anticoagulated AF patients experiencing hospitalizations due to GI bleeding without prior history of GI cancers were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients were followed up for incident GI cancers for up to 1 year. RESULTS: Within 1 year after GI bleeding, 290(2.67%) patients were diagnosed with GI tract cancers. More patients treated with NOACs were diagnosed with GI cancers than those receiving warfarin (3.87%[NOACs] versus 2.44%[warfarin], p<0.001) with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.606 (p<0.001). Age (OR 1.025 per 1 year increment) and male sex (OR 1.356) were associated with the diagnosis of GI cancers. Among patients diagnosed with GI cancers, 45.2% experienced mortality within 1 year. The risk of mortality was lower in patients treated with NOACs compared with those receiving warfarin (23.5% versus 51.8%) with an adjusted hazard ratio 0.441 (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Incident GI cancers were diagnosed in 1 in 37 AF patients at 1 year after OAC-related GI bleeding, which were more common among patients treated with NOACs (1 in 26) compared to warfarin (1 in 41). Detailed surveys for occult GI cancers were necessary, especially for the elderly males.

11.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 517-523, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418972

RESUMO

Resistin is an adipocytokine that is abundantly secreted from lipid cells and is related to the inflammatory process and cardiometabolic diseases. This study aimed to examine the role of resistin on inflammation and its effect on the clinical outcome of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following catheter ablation.A total of 108 patients (56.9 ± 12.0 years, 76.8% male) with symptomatic and drug-refractory AF undergoing catheter ablation were enrolled. Inflammatory biomarkers and epicardial fat volume by contrast computed tomography (CT) images were assessed in all patients before the procedure. Baseline resistin correlated with epicardial fat volume, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and left atrial (LA) scar area. After the index procedure, the univariate analysis revealed that hypertension, persistent AF, LA diameter, and plasma resistin level were related to recurrent atrial arrhythmia. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that persistent AF, LA diameter, and plasma resistin level all independently predicted recurrent atrial arrhythmia after ablation. Plasma resistin with a level higher than 777 (pg/mL) could predict recurrence following catheter ablation of AF.High plasma resistin level is associated with poor left atrial substrate, high epicardial fat volume, and elevated TNF-α level in patients with AF. Plasma resistin may predict the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia after ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Ablação por Cateter , Resistina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 50(5): e13230, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examines the predictive value of a novel systemic immune-inflammation index (SII, platelet × neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: A total of 5602 CAD patients who had undergone a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled. They were divided into two groups by baseline SII score (high SII vs low SII) to analyse the relationship between SII groups and the long-term outcome. The primary outcomes were major cardiovascular events (MACE) which includes nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal stroke and cardiac death. Secondary outcomes included a composite of MACE and hospitalization for congestive heart failure. RESULTS: An optimal SII cut-off point of 694.3 × 109 was identified for MACE in the CAD training cohort (n = 373) and then verified in the second larger CAD cohort (n = 5602). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that a higher SII score (≥694.3) was independently associated with increased risk of developing cardiac death (HR: 2.02; 95% CI: 1.43-2.86), nonfatal MI (HR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.09-1.85), nonfatal stroke (HR: 1.96; 95% CI: 1.28-2.99), MACE (HR: 1.65; 95% CI: 1.36-2.01) and total major events (HR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.32-1.77). In addition, the SII significantly improved risk stratification of MI, cardiac death, heart failure, MACE and total major events than conventional risk factors in CAD patients by the significant increase in the C-index (P < .001) and reclassification risk categories by significant NRI (P < .05) and IDI (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: SII had a better prediction of major cardiovascular events than traditional risk factors in CAD patients after coronary intervention.

13.
Chaos ; 30(3): 033118, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237792

RESUMO

Quantifying respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) can provide an index of parasympathetic function. Fourier spectral analysis, the most widely used approach, estimates the power of the heart rate variability in the frequency band of breathing. However, it neglects the time-varying characteristics of the transitions as well as the nonlinear properties of the cardio-respiratory coupling. Here, we propose a novel approach based on Hilbert-Huang transform, called the multimodal coupling analysis (MMCA) method, to assess cardio-respiratory dynamics by examining the instantaneous nonlinear phase interactions between two interconnected signals (i.e., heart rate and respiration) and compare with the counterparts derived from the wavelet-based method. We used an online database. The corresponding RSA components of the 90-min ECG and respiratory signals of 20 young and 20 elderly healthy subjects were extracted and quantified. A cycle-based analysis and a synchro-squeezed wavelet transform were also introduced to assess the amplitude or phase changes of each respiratory cycle. Our results demonstrated that the diminished mean and standard deviation of the derived dynamical RSA activities can better discriminate between elderly and young subjects. Moreover, the degree of nonlinearity of the cycle-by-cycle RSA waveform derived from the differences between the instantaneous frequency and the mean frequency of each respiratory cycle was significantly decreased in the elderly subjects by the MMCA method. The MMCA method in combination with the cycle-based analysis can potentially be a useful tool to depict the aging changes of the parasympathetic function as well as the waveform nonlinearity of RSA compared to the Fourier-based high-frequency power and the wavelet-based method.

14.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 31(6): 1436-1447, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227530

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accurate identification of slow conducting regions in patients with scar-related atrial tachycardia (AT) is difficult using conventional electrogram annotation for cardiac electroanatomic mapping (EAM). Estimating delays between neighboring mapping sites is a potential option for activation map computation. We describe our initial experience with CARTO 3 Coherent Mapping (Biosense Webster Inc,) in the ablation of complex ATs. METHODS: Twenty patients (58 ± 10 y/o, 15 males) with complex ATs were included. We created three-dimensional EAMs using CARTO 3 system with CONFIDENSE and a high-resolution mapping catheter (Biosense Webster Inc). Local activation time and coherent maps were used to aid in the identification of conduction isthmus (CI) and focal origin sites. System-defined slow or nonconducting zones and CI, defined by concealed entrainment (postpacing interval < 20 ms), CV < 0.3 m/s and local fractionated electrograms were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty-six complex ATs were mapped (mean: 1.3 ± 0.7 maps/pt; 4 focal, 22 isthmus-dependent). Coherent mapping was better in identifying CI/breakout sites where ablation terminated the tachycardia (96.2% vs 69.2%; P = .010) and identified significantly more CI (mean/chamber 2.0 ± 1.1 vs 1.0 ± 0.7; P < .001) with narrower width (19.8 ± 10.5 vs 43.0 ± 23.9 mm; P < .001) than conventional mapping. Ablation at origin and CI sites was successful in 25 (96.2%) with long-term recurrence in 25%. CONCLUSIONS: Coherent mapping with conduction velocity vectors derived from adjacent mapping sites significantly improved the identification of CI sites in scar-related ATs with isthmus-dependent re-entry better than conventional mapping. It may be used in conjunction with conventional mapping strategies to facilitate recognition of slow conduction areas and critical sites that are important targets of ablation.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation has been considered an effective strategy for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the left ventricular summit (LVS). However, the inherent complexity of the anatomy of the LVS may result in failed ablation or recurrence of VA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this multicenter study was investigate the procedural outcomes of ablation of LVS VA. METHODS: A total of 238 patients (54.6% men; mean age 53.2 ± 15.0 years) undergoing catheter ablation of LVS VA were included. Baseline characteristics, procedural parameters, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Acute procedural success was achieved in 199 patients (83.6%). Initial epicardial ablation via the coronary venous system (93.8% [91/97]) or percutaneous transpericardial approach (6.2% [6/97]) achieved successful ablation in 40 of 97 patients (41.2%), and VA was eliminated by initial approaches from the aortic sinus of Valsalva or subvalvular endocardium in 68 of 139 patients (48.9%; P = .29). Multisite ablations were performed in the process of acute VA elimination in 105 patients (51.8%), and 7 complications occurred. During median follow-up of 26 (1-87) months, 82.2% of patients with acute success were free from VA recurrences, and the overall long-term success rate was 68.1%. Multisite ablation was the only independent predictor of VA recurrences. CONCLUSION: Acute elimination of VA originating from the LVS could be achieved in 83.6% of patients, with 82.2% having no VA recurrences. Despite acute elimination of VA with multisite ablation, the incidence of VA recurrence still was high.

17.
Int J Cardiol ; 305: 70-75, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is an effective treatment for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, the characteristics of extremely late (>3 years) recurrences of AVNRT after a successful initial ablation are not fully elucidated. We aimed to explore the electrophysiological characteristics of extremely late recurrences of AVNRT after a successful ablation. METHODS: From 1991 to 2018, 3311 patients (mean age: 48.7 ± 17.4 years; men: 1328 [40.1%]) who underwent catheter ablation for AVNRT were investigated. Baseline characteristics of the patients, recurrence status, and detailed electrophysiological parameters of the index and repeat ablation procedures were obtained for analysis. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up period of 129.5 ± 58.0 months, 65 (2.0%) patients underwent repeat ablation for recurrences of AVNRT, of whom 17 (0.5%) presented with extremely late recurrences. The incidence of transient AV block was significantly higher in patients with extremely late recurrences (5.9%) than in those without recurrences (1.9%) but lower than that in patients with recurrences within <3 years (12.5%, P < .001). In addition, among patients with extremely late recurrences of AVNRT, the atrial-His bundle interval was significantly longer (99.1 ± 23.4 vs. 76.5 ± 13.1 ms, P < .01) and the need for intravenous isoproterenol and/or atropine for the induction of AVNRT (88.2% vs. 47.1%, P = .03) was higher in the repeat ablation procedure than in the index ablation procedure. CONCLUSION: Recurrences of AVNRT can occur 3 years after a successful initial ablation. The electrophysiological features of the index and repeat ablation procedures differed between patients with extremely late recurrences of AVNRT and those with recurrences within <3 years.

18.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228818, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084145

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High beat-to-beat morphological variation (divergence) on the ventricular electrogram during programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) is associated with increased risk of ventricular fibrillation (VF), with unclear mechanisms. We hypothesized that ventricular divergence is associated with epicardial wavebreaks during PVS, and that it predicts VF occurrence. METHOD AND RESULTS: Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts (n = 10) underwent 30-min therapeutic hypothermia (TH, 30°C), followed by a 20-min treatment with rotigaptide (300 nM), a gap junction modifier. VF inducibility was tested using burst ventricular pacing at the shortest pacing cycle length achieving 1:1 ventricular capture. Pseudo-ECG (p-ECG) and epicardial activation maps were simultaneously recorded for divergence and wavebreaks analysis, respectively. A total of 112 optical and p-ECG recordings (62 at TH, 50 at TH treated with rotigaptide) were analyzed. Adding rotigaptide reduced ventricular divergence, from 0.13±0.10 at TH to 0.09±0.07 (p = 0.018). Similarly, rotigaptide reduced the number of epicardial wavebreaks, from 0.59±0.73 at TH to 0.30±0.49 (p = 0.036). VF inducibility decreased, from 48±31% at TH to 22±32% after rotigaptide infusion (p = 0.032). Linear regression models showed that ventricular divergence correlated with epicardial wavebreaks during TH (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Ventricular divergence correlated with, and might be predictive of epicardial wavebreaks during PVS at TH. Rotigaptide decreased both the ventricular divergence and epicardial wavebreaks, and reduced the probability of pacing-induced VF during TH.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Hipotermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Pericárdio/fisiologia , Animais , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Pericárdio/efeitos dos fármacos , Pericárdio/fisiopatologia , Coelhos
19.
Atherosclerosis ; 297: 40-46, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hyperuricemia is independently associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is considered to be one of the major risk factors for CVD. However, the impact of inter-visit uric acid (UA) variability on cardiovascular risk remains undetermined. METHODS: We enrolled 3202 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), who received successful coronary intervention, in a cohort from Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 2006 to 2015. All post-baseline visits UA measurements using standard deviation (SD) were analyzed to correlate with long-term outcome. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiac death, nonfatal MI, nonfatal stroke (MACE). The secondary event was MACE and hospitalization for heart failure. RESULTS: During an average 65.06 ± 32.1-month follow-up, there were 66 cardiovascular deaths, 175 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 64 nonfatal strokes, 287 hospitalizations for heart failure, and 683 revascularization procedures. There was a linear association between high UA SD and future adverse events. Compared to the lowest quartile SD, subjects in the highest quartile SD had a higher risk of MACE (HR: 2.53, 95% CI: 1.78-3.59), myocardial infarction (HR: 2.43, 95% CI: 1.53-3.86), cardiovascular death (HR: 6.45, 95% CI: 2.52-16.55), heart failure-related hospitalization (HR: 3.43, 95% CI: 2.32-5.05), and total major CV events (HR: 2.72, 95% CI: 2.09-3.56). Furthermore, compared to the average achieved on-treatment UA value, increasing UA SD had a stronger association of higher risk of developing MACE (HR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.36-1.68), myocardial infarction (HR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.38-1.68), ischemic stroke (HR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.13-1.82), CV death (HR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.50-2.11), HF (HR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.29-1.58), and total major CV events (HR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.34-1.58). CONCLUSIONS: High UA variability is associated with a higher risk of developing future cardiovascular events, suggesting the importance of maintaining stable serum UA levels and avoiding large fluctuations in CAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

20.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(6): 967-974, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether ectopic atrial rhythm (EAR) is a high-risk cardiovascular phenotype (eg, the manifestation of a diseased sinoatrial node) or just a benign accelerated ectopic pacemaker remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze the cardiovascular outcomes and underlying mechanisms in patients with EAR. METHODS: From a 12-lead electrocardiogram hospital-based electrocardiogram database, a total of 2896 adults with EAR were propensity score matched at 1:5 with 14,480 patients with sinus rhythm (SR). Patients were retrospectively followed up for cardiovascular mortality (the primary outcome) and permanent pacemaker implantation (the secondary outcome). Heart rate variability was analyzed to compare autonomic function between patients with EAR and those with SR. RESULTS: The prevalence of EAR was 1.13%, which increased with age. Compared with the matched patients, those with EAR had a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.93; 95% confidence interval 1.52-2.44; P < .0001) and permanent pacemaker implantation (adjusted hazard ratio 5.94; 95% confidence interval 3.89-9.09; P < .0001) according to the Cox proportional hazards regression model. The risk of cardiovascular mortality was similar across the subgroups on the basis of age, sex, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, and chronic kidney diseases. In patients with EAR, the low frequency/high frequency and standard deviation of the mean normal-to-normal intervals/root mean square of successive RR interval differences ratios for heart rate variability were both lower than those in patients with SR. This implied autonomic imbalance in patients with EAR. CONCLUSION: Patients with EAR have a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality and permanent pacemaker implantation, which was associated with autonomic imbalance.

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