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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188054

RESUMO

Recent evidence has indicated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates longitudinal bone growth, with increased FGF21 levels leading to bone loss. The present study evaluated the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and serum FGF21 levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We analyzed blood samples from 95 patients undergoing HD and measured BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the lumbar vertebrae (L2-L4). Serum FGF21 concentrations were determined using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Thirteen (11.6%) patients were found to have osteoporosis, 27 (28.4%) osteopenia, and 57 patients had normal BMD. Advanced age and decreased body mass index, height, body weight, waist circumference, and triglyceride level were associated with lower lumbar T-scores, as were increased alkaline phosphatase, urea reduction rate, fractional clearance index for urea, and FGF21 levels. Low log-FGF21, increased body mass index, increased pre-HD body weight, and increased logarithmically transformed triglycerides (log-TG) were found to be significantly and independently associated with lumbar BMD by multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis with adjustment for significant confounders. We conclude that high serum FGF21 level is negatively associated with BMD in patients undergoing HD.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075016

RESUMO

Sclerostin and dickkopf-1 (DKK1) played a role in the development of cardiovascular diseases and arterial stiffness in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients but with controversial results of patients in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) including hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study aimed to examine the association between the mode of dialysis or the values of sclerostin or DKK1 and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in ESRD patients. There were 122 HD and 72 PD patients enrolled in this study. By a validated tonometry system, cfPWV was measured and then segregated patients into values of >10 m/s as the high central arterial stiffness (AS) group and values ≤ 10 m/s as the control group. Serum levels of sclerostin and DKK1 were measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Possible risk factors for the development of AS were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. There were 21 (29.2%) of PD and 53 (43.4%) of HD in the high AS group. Compared to patients in the control group, those in the high AS group were older, had more comorbidities, had higher systolic blood pressure, and had higher serum levels of fasting glucose, C-reactive protein, and sclerostin. Levels of sclerostin (adjusted OR 1.012, 95% CI. 1.006-1.017, p = 0.0001) was found to be an independent predictor of high AS in ESRD patients by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values of sclerostin for predicting AS was 208.64 pmol/L (Area under the curve 0.673, 95% CI: 0.603-0.739, p < 0.001). This study showed that serum levels of sclerostin, but not DKK1 or mode of dialysis, to be a predictor for high central AS in ESRD patients.

4.
Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 32(1): 70-74, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110524

RESUMO

Objective: Adiponectin is a fat-derived hormone that secretes exclusively by adipocytes and has antiatherosclerotic effects. Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) is associated with an increased risk of death in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum adiponectin levels and PAOD by ankle-brachial index (ABI) in HD patients. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 100 HD patients. Serum adiponectin levels were measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. ABI values were measured using the automated oscillometric method (VaSera VS-1000). ABI values that <0.9 were included in the low ABI group. Results: Among the 100 HD patients, 18 of them (18.0%) were in the low ABI group. Compared with patients in the normal ABI group, the patients in the low ABI group had a higher prevalence of diabetes (P = 0.043), older age (P = 0.027), and lower serum adiponectin level (P = 0.003). In addition, the multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that adiponectin (Odds ratio [OR]: 0.927, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.867-0.990, P = 0.025) and age (OR: 1.054, 95% CI: 1.002-1.109, P = 0.043) were the independently associated with PAOD in HD patients. Conclusion: In this study, serum adiponectin level was found to be associated with PAOD in HD patients.

5.
Cancer ; 126(8): 1656-1667, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related disease remains a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and this underscores the need to increase HPV vaccination to reduce the burden of the disease. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the number of HPV vaccine doses and the risk of histologically confirmed preinvasive cervical disease and high-grade cytology. METHODS: This retrospective matched cohort study used administrative data from Optum's Clinformatics DataMart Database to identify females aged 9 to 26 years who received 1 or more quadrivalent HPV vaccine doses between January 2006 and June 2015. Cases and controls were matched on region, age, sexually transmitted disease history, and pregnancy. All had a Papanicolaou test ≥1 year after the date of the matched case's final dose. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the association between the number of HPV vaccine doses and the incidence of preinvasive cervical disease and high-grade cytology. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the cumulative incidence rate at the 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: The study included 133,082 females (66,541 vaccinated and 66,541 unvaccinated) stratified by the number of HPV vaccine doses and the vaccine initiation age. Among those aged 15 to 19 years, the hazard ratio (HR) for high-grade cytology for the 3-dose group was 0.84 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.97), whereas the HRs for histologically confirmed preinvasive cervical disease for 1, 2, and 3 doses were 0.64 (95% CI, 0.47-0.88), 0.72 (95% CI, 0.54-0.95), and 0.66 (95% CI, 0.55-0.80), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The receipt of 1, 2, or 3 doses of an HPV vaccine by females aged 15 to 19 years was associated with a lower incidence of preinvasive cervical disease in comparison with unvaccinated females, and this supports the use of any HPV vaccination in reducing the burden of the disease.

6.
Ren Fail ; 42(1): 131-136, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950864

RESUMO

Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker of cardiovascular disease complications and severity. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum OPG levels and PAD by measuring the ankle-brachial index (ABI) of patients on PD. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to measure OPG values. Left or right ABI values of <0.9 were categorized as the low ABI group. Among 70 patients on PD, 13 (18.6%) were categorized in the low ABI group. Patients in the low ABI group had higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (p = .044) and higher serum C-reactive protein (CRP) (p < .001) and OPG levels (p < .001) but lower creatinine (p = .013) and peritoneal Kt/V (p = .048) levels than those in the normal ABI group. Results of multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that OPG [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.027, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.010-1.045, p = .002] and CRP (aOR 1.102, 95% CI 1.006-1.207, p = .037) levels were independent predictors of PAD in patients on PD. OPG can also be used to predict PAD development with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.823 (95% CI: 0.714-0.904, p < .001) in patients on PD. Therefore, serum OPG and CRP levels can be considered as risk factors for PAD development in patients on PD.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963654

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, and early interventional treatment is associated with favorable outcomes. In the guidelines, thrombolytic therapy using recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is recommended for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke. However, the risk of hemorrhagic complications limits the use of rt-PA, and the risk factors for poor treatment outcomes need to be identified. To identify the risk factors associated with in-hospital poor outcomes in patients treated with rt-PA, we analyzed the electronic medical records of patients who were diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke and treated for rt-PA at Chang Gung Memorial Hospitals from 2006 to 2016. In-hospital death, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, or prolonged hospitalization were defined as unfavorable treatment outcomes. Medical history variables and laboratory test results were considered variables of interest to determine risk factors. Among 643 eligible patients, 537 (83.5%) and 106 (16.5%) patients had favorable and poor outcomes, respectively. In the multivariable analysis, risk factors associated with poor outcomes were female gender, higher stroke severity index (SSI), higher serum glucose levels, lower mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), lower platelet counts, and anemia. The risk factors found in this research could help us study the treatment strategy for ischemic stroke.

8.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(1): 81-88, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Early rehabilitation after stroke is important for the recovery of bodily functions in stroke patients. However, the percentage of completion of early limb rehabilitation among stroke patients is only 16%. PURPOSE: Raise the early rehabilitation intervention rate to 88% for patients with stroke within 24 hours of hospitalization. RESOLUTION: We developed an education course on post-stroke rehabilitation and a related e-Learning course as well as organized an 'alliance for recovery' team. In addition, we established a standard for post-stroke relay rehabilitation and designed rehabilitation relay cards, Xbox rehabilitation games, and nine squares challenge for brain stroke care. RESULTS: The accuracy of the knowledge of nursing staff related to physical rehabilitation improved from 72.4% to 100%; the accuracy of their perceptions regarding early limb rehabilitation increased from 16% to 100%; and patient satisfaction increased from 68% to 98%. CONCLUSIONS: We deployed diverse and innovative strategies to assist limb rehabilitation in patients with stroke. Patients and caregivers should be encouraged to participate in early rehabilitation and related programs and should apply the skills and rehabilitation activities learned to daily life.


Assuntos
Extremidades/fisiopatologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/enfermagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Difusão de Inovações , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenvolvimento de Programas
9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(12): e1916646, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800069

RESUMO

Importance: Health care reform legislation and Medicare plans for unified payment for postacute care highlight the need for research examining service delivery and outcomes. Objective: To compare functional outcomes in patients with stroke after postacute care in inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF) vs skilled nursing facilities (SNF). Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included patients with stroke who were discharged from acute care hospitals to IRF or SNF from January 1, 2013, to November 30, 2014. Medicare claims were used to link to IRF and SNF assessments. Data analyses were conducted from January 17, 2017, through April 25, 2019. Exposures: Inpatient rehabilitation received in IRFs vs SNFs. Main Outcomes and Measures: Changes in mobility and self-care measures during an IRF or SNF stay were compared using multivariate analyses, inverse probability weighting with propensity score, and instrumental variable analyses. Mortality between 30 and 365 days after discharge was included as a control outcome as an indicator for unmeasured confounders. Results: Among 99 185 patients who experienced a stroke between January 1, 2013, and November 30, 2014, 66 082 patients (66.6%) were admitted to IRFs and 33 103 patients (33.4%) were admitted to SNFs. A higher proportion of women were admitted to SNFs (21 466 [64.8%] women) than IRFs (36 462 [55.2%] women) (P < .001). Compared with patients admitted to IRFs, patients admitted to SNFs were older (mean [SD] age, 79.4 [7.6] years vs 83.3 [7.8] years; P < .001) and had longer hospital length of stay (mean [SD], 4.6 [3.0] days vs 5.9 [4.2] days; P < .001) than those admitted to IRFs. In unadjusted analyses, patients with stroke admitted to IRF compared with those admitted to SNF had higher mean scores for mobility on admission (44.2 [95% CI, 44.1-44.3] points vs 40.8 [95% CI, 40.7-40.9] points) and at discharge (55.8 [95% CI, 55.7-55.9] points vs 44.4 [95% CI, 44.3-44.5] points), and for self-care on admission (45.0 [95% CI, 44.9-45.1] points vs 41.8 [95% CI, 41.7-41.9] points) and at discharge (58.6 [95% CI, 58.5-58.7] points vs 45.1 [95% CI, 45.0-45.2] points). Additionally, patients in IRF compared with those in SNF had larger improvements for mobility score (11.6 [95% CI, 11.5-11.7] points vs 3.5 [95% CI, 3.4-3.6] points) and for self-care score (13.6 [95% CI, 13.5-13.7] points vs 3.2 [95% CI, 3.1-3.3] points). Multivariable, propensity score, and instrumental variable analyses showed a similar magnitude of better improvements in patients admitted to IRF vs those admitted to SNF. The differences between SNF and IRF in odds of 30- to 365-day mortality (unadjusted odds ratio, 0.48 [95% CI, 0.46-0.49]) were reduced but not eliminated in multivariable analysis (adjusted odds ratio, 0.72 [95% CI, 0.69-0.74]) and propensity score analysis (adjusted odds ratio, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.72-0.77]). These differences were no longer statistically significant in the instrumental variable analyses. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of a large national sample, inpatient rehabilitation in IRFs for patients with stroke was associated with substantially improved physical mobility and self-care function compared with rehabilitation in SNFs. This finding raises questions about the value of any policy that would reimburse IRFs or SNFs at the same standard rate for stroke.

10.
Hemodial Int ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804777

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Leptin is an adipokine secreted from adipocytes that mediate lipid metabolism and inflammation. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between serum leptin level and nutrition status evaluated by malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS) among patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This study included 100 patients on HD. Nutritional status was based on MIS (malnutrition ≥7 points). Body composition, biochemistry data, and serum leptin level were evaluated. FINDINGS: Of 100 subjects, 33 (33.0%) were categorized as having malnutrition. Compared with subjects in the well-nourished group, those in the malnutrition group had on average an older age, longer HD duration, and lower height, weight, body mass index, waist circumference, body fat mass, serum triglyceride level, and creatinine level. Serum leptin levels were also significantly lower in the malnutrition group (P < 0.001), whereas C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were higher (P = 0.002). Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that HD duration (ß = 2.06, P = 0.009), serum leptin level (ß = -5.16, P < 0.001), CRP level (ß = 3.33, P < 0.001), and albumin level (ß = -1.95, P = 0.008) were factors independently associated with MIS. The discriminative power of serum leptin level to predict malnutrition was 0.834 (95% confidence interval: 0.747-0.901, P < 0.001). DISCUSSION: Low serum leptin level was associated with malnutrition, and serum leptin level may be a valuable marker for nutrition assessment in patients undergoing HD.

11.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877718

RESUMO

Arterial stiffness (AS) has an important impact on the outcomes of patients on hemodialysis (HD), and p-cresyl sulfate (PC) can mediate the process of vascular damage. We aimed to investigate the relationship between carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and the level of PCs in HD patients. Serum PCs were quantified using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. Patients who were on standard HD for more than 3 months were enrolled and categorized according to the cfPWV into the high AS (>10 m/s) and control (≤10 m/s) groups. Forty-nine (41.5%) patients belonged to the high AS group and had a higher incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and increased systolic blood pressure, serum C-reactive protein, and PC levels but had lower creatinine, compared with those in the control group. In HD patients, the risk for developing high AS increased in the presence of DM (OR 4.147, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.497-11.491) and high PCs (OR 1.067, 95% CI 1.002-1.136). Having DM (r = 0.446) and high PC level (r = 0.174) were positively associated with cfPWV. The most optimal cutoff value of PC for predicting AS was 18.99 mg/L (area under the curve 0.661, 95% CI 0.568-0.746). We concluded that DM and PCs were promising predictors of high AS in patients on maintenance HD.

12.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e032779, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To detect the combined effects of lifestyle factors on work-related burnout (WB) and to analyse the impact of the number of weekend catch-up sleep hours on burnout risk in a medical workplace. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hospital-based survey in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 2746 participants completed the hospital's Overload Health Control System questionnaire for the period from the first day of January 2016 to the end of December 2016, with a response rate of 70.5%. The voluntary participants included 358 physicians, 1406 nurses, 367 medical technicians and 615 administrative staff. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: All factors that correlated significantly with WB were entered into a multinomial logistic regression after adjustment for other factors. The dose-response relationship of combined lifestyle factors and catch-up sleep hours associated with WB was explored by logistic regression. RESULTS: Abnormal meal time (adjusted OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.85 to 3.15), frequently eating out (adjusted OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.97), lack of sleep (adjusted OR 5.13, 95% CI 3.94 to 6.69), no exercise (adjusted OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.81) and >40 work hours (adjusted OR 2.72, 95% CI 2.08-3.57) were independently associated with WB (for high level compared with low level). As the number of risk factors increased (1-5), so did the proportion of high severity of WB (adjusted OR 1.39, 95% CI 0.45 to 4.27, to adjusted OR 32.98, 95% CI 10.78 to 100.87). For those with more than 7 hours' sleep on workdays, weekend catch-up sleep (≤0/>0 and ≤2/>2 hours) was found to be related to an increase of burnout risk (adjusted OR 4.91, 95% CI 2.24 to 10.75/adjusted OR 4.94, 95% CI 2.54 to 9.63/adjusted OR 6.74, 95% CI 2.94 to 15.46). CONCLUSION: WB in the medical workplace was affected by five unhealthy lifestyle factors, and combinations of these factors were associated with greater severity of WB. Weekend catch-up sleep was correlated with lower burnout risk in those with a short workday sleep duration (less than 7 hours). Clinicians should pay particular attention to medical staff with short sleep duration without weekend catch-up sleep.

13.
J Cancer ; 10(26): 6673-6680, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777596

RESUMO

Emerging evidence revealed the critical role of systematic inflammation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In the present study, we reviewed the records of 279 patients with advanced PDAC. Among them, 147 cases were used as the training cohort and another 132 as the validation cohort. In the training cohort, distant metastasis, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were independent prognostic factors in Cox regression. A nomogram based on these factors was generated to predict median survival time and survival probabilities at 6, 12, and 18 months. The nomogram showed a better discriminatory ability than the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging (C-index: 0.727 vs. 0.610). In the validation cohort, a nomogram composed of the same variables also showed a high discriminatory ability (C-index: 0.784). In the low-risk group with a nomogram total point (NTP) value of more than 175, patients receiving combination therapy showed better prognosis than those receiving monotherapy (P=0.015). In conclusion, the nomogram based on inflammatory biomarkers can serve as useful prognostic tool for advanced PDAC. In addition, patients with high NTP can greater benefit from combination chemotherapy than monotherapy.

14.
Clin Nutr ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Muscle wasting is highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the assessment of skeletal muscle mass and strength in clinical settings is not commonly available. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of serum creatinine/cystatin C (Cr/CysC) ratio in the assessment of muscle wasting. METHODS: In 272 patients with CKD aged 66.5 ± 15.1 years, skeletal muscle mass and handgrip strength (HGS) were assessed. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as skeletal muscle mass/height2. Low muscle mass was defined as SMI below the sex-specific 10th percentile of study population and low handgrip strength as less than 26 Kg for men and 18 Kg for women. RESULTS: The Cr/CysC ratio was significantly lower in both the low SMI and low HGS groups. Moreover, the Cr/CysC ratio correlated with SMI (r = .306, p < .001) and HGS (r = .341, p < .001). After adjusting for confounding factors, age, sex, waist circumference, body fat mass, and Cr/CysC ratio were independently associated with SMI, whereas age, sex, diabetes, hemoglobin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, urine protein/creatinine ratio, SMI, and Cr/CysC ratio were independently associated with HGS. CONCLUSIONS: Cr/CysC ratio appears to be a promising surrogate marker for detecting muscle wasting in patients with CKD. Further studies are needed to extend our findings.

15.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sarcopenia is prevalent in chronic hemodialysis patients. This prospective cohort study evaluated the impact of sarcopenia and its diagnostic criteria on hospitalization and mortality in 126 chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Skeletal muscle mass, handgrip strength (HGS), gait speed, and blood parameters were assessed. Sarcopenia was evaluated using the criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People and the Taiwanese criteria for Sarcopenia. Muscle quality was defined as HGS divided by mid-arm muscle circumference. RESULTS: Prevalences of uremic sarcopenia were 8.7% and 13.5% according to Taiwanese and European criteria, respectively. Low HGS and gait speed were much more prevalent than low muscle mass. Within 3 years, 79 (62.7%) patients were hospitalized and 26 (20.6%) died. Low HGS and slow gait speed were associated with hospitalization and mortality, while sarcopenia was associated with mortality but not with hospitalization. Notably, in our patients without sarcopenia, close associations between increased hospitalization and mortality risk with low HGS and slow gait speed remained unchanged. In Cox proportional hazard analysis, muscle quality [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.19-0.93, p = 0.032] and serum creatinine (HR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.71-0.95, p = 0.009) were independently associated with composite outcome of hospitalization or death. CONCLUSION: Muscle functionality and quality can predict hospitalization and overall survival in chronic hemodialysis patients, better than muscle mass.

16.
Med Care ; 57(11): 905-912, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether Medicare data can be used to identify type and degree of collaboration between primary care providers (PCPs) [medical doctors (MDs), nurse practitioners, and physician assistants] in a team care model. METHODS: We surveyed 63 primary care practices in Texas and linked the survey results to 2015 100% Medicare data. We identified PCP dyads of 2 providers in Medicare data and compared the results to those from our survey. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) of dyads in Medicare data at different threshold numbers of shared patients were reported. We also identified PCPs who work in the same practice by Social Network Analysis (SNA) of Medicare data and compared the results to the surveys. RESULTS: With a cutoff of sharing at least 30 patients, the sensitivity of identifying dyads was 27.8%, specificity was 91.7%, and PPV 72.2%. The PPV was higher for MD-nurse practitioner/physician assistant pairs (84.4%) than for MD-MD pairs (61.5%). At the same cutoff, 90% of PCPs identified in a practice from the survey were also identified by SNA in the corresponding practice. In 5 of 8 surveyed practices with at least 3 PCPs, about ≤20% PCPs identified in the practices by SNA of Medicare data were not identified in the survey. CONCLUSIONS: Medicare data can be used to identify shared care with low sensitivity and high PPV. Community discovery from Medicare data provided good agreement in identifying members of practices. Adapting network analyses in different contexts needs more validation studies.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Colaboração Intersetorial , Profissionais de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistentes Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos de Atenção Primária/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Texas , Estados Unidos
17.
Toxins (Basel) ; 11(10)2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614554

RESUMO

Indoxyl sulfate (IS), a product metabolized from tryptophan, is negatively correlated with renal function and cardiovascular diseases in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated the association between serum IS levels and endothelial function in patients with CKD. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 110 patients with stages 3-5 CKD. The endothelial function, represented by vascular reactivity index (VRI), was measured non-invasively using digital thermal monitoring. Serum IS levels were determined using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Twenty-one (19.1%), 36 (32.7%), and 53 (48.2%) patients had poor (VRI < 1.0), intermediate (1.0 ≤ VRI < 2.0), and good (VRI ≥ 2.0) vascular reactivity. By univariate linear regression analysis, a higher prevalence of smoking, advanced age, higher systolic, and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), elevated levels of serum phosphorus, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and IS were negatively correlated with VRI values, but estimated glomerular filtration rate negatively associated with VRI values. After being adjusted by using multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis, DBP and IS levels were significantly negatively associated with VRI values in CKD patients. We concluded that IS level associated inversely with VRI values and had a modulating role in endothelial function in patients with stages 3-5 CKD.

18.
Ther Apher Dial ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433560

RESUMO

Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein is positively associated with atherosclerosis. Peripheral arterial disease is associated with an increased mortality in hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum adipocyte fatty acid binding protein levels and peripheral arterial disease by ankle-brachial index in hemodialysis patients. Among the 90 chronic hemodialysis recipients, 20 patients (22.2%) were in the low ankle-brachial index group who had a higher prevalence of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, statin use, older age, higher body fat mass, higher serum adipocyte fatty acid binding protein level, and lower serum creatinine level compared with patients in the control group. After statistical analysis, body fat mass (P = 0.006) and creatinine level (P = 0.018) were shown to be the independent predictors of adipocyte fatty acid binding protein level. Serum adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (P = 0.021) was found to be positively associated with peripheral arterial disease in hemodialysis patients.

19.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 184, 2019 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) may be an important link between bone loss and vascular calcification. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between central arterial stiffness and serum OPG levels in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 120 HD patients, and the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) value was measured using a validated tonometry system. The cfPWV value of > 10 m/s was used to define the high artery stiffness group. Serum OPG levels were analyzed categorically into tertiles. RESULTS: Of the 120 HD patients, 53 (44.2%) were defined as the high arterial stiffness group, who had higher values of systolic blood pressure (p = 0.038), serum calcium (p = 0.007), and OPG (p <  0.001) levels and a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM, p = 0.001). Increasing tertiles of serum OPG levels were significantly associated with greater height (p = 0.011), male gender (p = 0.008), higher cfPWV values (p = 0.020), and lower intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH, p = 0.049) levels. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that cfPWV value was independently associated with DM (ß = 1.83, p = 0.008) and increasing tertiles of serum OPG levels (ß = 0.89 and 1.63 for tertile 2 and tertile 3, respectively, p for trend = 0.035) in HD patients. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that, in addition to age, DM, low iPTH levels, and high serum calcium levels, increasing tertiles of serum OPG levels (OR = 5.34 for tertile 2; OR = 7.06 for tertile 3; p for trend = 0.002) were an independent predictor of high arterial stiffness in HD patients. Serum calcium levels positively correlated with cfPWV value only in the highest OPG tertile group (r = 0.408, p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: A positive association was detected between serum OPG levels and central arterial stiffness in HD patients, and patients with high serum OPG levels may have greater influence of calcium load on central arterial stiffening.

20.
Head Neck ; 41(9): 3201-3210, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with smoking cessation during curative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) had fewer complications and lower tumor progression risks. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with nonmetastatic HNSCC who were smokers at diagnosis (carbon monoxide [CO] breath concentrations ≥3 ppm) and underwent curative CRT were prospectively enrolled. Successful smoking cessation throughout CRT was confirmed by CO breath concentrations <3 ppm at CRT completion. RESULTS: Forty-one patients (65%) successfully discontinued smoking throughout CRT. With a median 33-month follow-up, patients with successful smoking cessation during CRT had significantly fewer, greater, and lower probabilities of grade ≥3 acute toxicities (P = .01), progression-free survival (P = .03), and permanent gastrostomy or tracheostomy (P = .04), respectively, than those continuing smoking throughout CRT. In multivariate analysis, successful smoking cessation during CRT significantly reduced tumor progression risks (hazard ratio: 0.4, P = .05). CONCLUSION: Smoking cessation during curative CRT reduced treatment-related toxicities and tumor progression risks in patients with HNSCC.

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