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1.
Immunol Invest ; : 1-21, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: M2-type macrophages are inflammation-suppressing cells that are differentiated after induction by cytokines such as IL-4 or IL-13, which play an important regulatory role in inflammation and influence the regression of inflammation-related diseases. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has an important role in suppressing immune-mediated inflammatory responses but the effect and underlying mechanism of ATRA on the polarization of M2 macrophages remains unclear. METHODS: Macrophages were isolated from peritoneal wash fluid, and IL-4 (20 ng/mL) was used to construct a m2-type macrophage polarization model. The model was incubated with different concentrations of ATRA (15 µg/ml, 30 µg/ml, 45 µg/ml) for 24 h, and pretreated macrophages with p38MAPKα inhibitor SB202190 (20 µM). MTT, Trypan blue staining, Annexin V-PE/7-AAD staining, flow cytometry, real-time PCR and western blotting were used to investigate the effect and mechanism of ATRA on the polarization of M2 macrophages. RESULTS: Compared with the IL-4 group, the proportion of F4/80+CD206+ M2-type macrophages was significantly higher in the ATRA group (P < 0.01). mRNA and protein expression levels of Arg-1, IL-10 and TGF-ß1 were as significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the ATRA group as phosphorylation levels of STAT6 and p38MAPK (P < 0.01). After pretreatment with the addition of the inhibitor SB202190, M2-type macrophages proportion and their associated factors expression were significantly (P < 0.01) reduced, as compared with those in the ATRA group, but they were comparable (P > 0.05) with the IL-4 group. CONCLUSION: The combination of ATRA and IL-4 activated the p38MAPK/STAT6-signaling pathway to promote polarization of M2 macrophages.

2.
Cell Commun Signal ; 21(1): 6, 2023 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624476

RESUMO

Cell death is a mystery in various forms. Whichever type of cell death, this is always accompanied by active or passive molecules release. The recent years marked the renaissance of the study of these molecules showing they can signal to and communicate with recipient cells and regulate physio- or pathological events. This review summarizes the defined forms of messages cells could spread while dying, the effects of these signals on the target tissue/cells, and how these types of communications regulate physio- or pathological processes. By doing so, this review hopes to identify major unresolved questions in the field, formulate new hypothesis worthy of further investigation, and when possible, provide references for the search of novel diagnostic/therapeutics agents. Video abstract.


Assuntos
Comunicação Celular , Membrana Eritrocítica , Morte Celular
3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(4): 3279-3286, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629145

RESUMO

Silicon-based field effect transistor (FET) sensors with high sensitivity are emerging as powerful sensors for detecting chemical/biological species. Strain engineering has been demonstrated as an effective means to improve the performance of Si-based devices. However, the strain effect on the field-effect sensing property of silicon materials has not been studied yet. Here, we investigate the strain effect on the field-effect sensing property of silicon wires by taking humidity sensing as an example. The humidity sensitivity of FET sensors based on silicon wires increases with increasing tensile strain but decreases with increasing compressive strain. The sensitivity is very responsive to strain with an enhancement factor of 67 for tensile strain. Theoretical analysis shows that the sensitivity variation under different strains is mainly attributed to the change in adsorption energy between silicon wires and water molecules. This work indicates that strain engineering can be an effective route to modulate the field-effect sensing property of Si wires for constructing highly sensitive Si-based FET sensors.

4.
Pract Radiat Oncol ; 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the degree of pathological complete response (pCR), post-operative surgical complication rates and oncological outcomes in women with locally advanced (LABC) or high-risk breast cancers treated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective multi-institutional review involved 138 clinically-staged patients with 140 breast cancers treated with NART between January 2014 and February 2021. Treatments involved sequential NACT and NART, followed by mastectomy with or without axillary surgery and immediate autologous breast reconstruction. Descriptive statistics were used to assess patient and disease features, treatment regimens, pathological response and factors affecting post-operative complications. Kaplan-Meier curves were performed to assess locoregional recurrence free, distant metastasis free and overall survival outcomes. RESULTS: Median age was 47 years (IQR 42-52). The median follow-up was 35.2 months (IQR 17.1-46.5). pCR was achieved in 36.4% (as defined by Chevallier Classification) or 42.1% (as defined by Miller-Payne scores) of patients. Higher pCR rates were achieved for HER2 positive (73.8%-85.7%) and triple negative phenotypes (47.6%-57.1%). There were 21 Grade 3 surgical complications including 10 Grade 3B breast events and 8 grade 3B donor-site events, where surgical reintervention was required. At 3-years follow-up, the locoregional recurrence free survival was 98.1%, distant metastasis free survival was 83.6% and overall survival was 95.3%%. CONCLUSION: NART is feasible to facilitate a single-stage mastectomy and immediate autologous breast reconstruction. This study demonstrated comparable rates of post-operative complication to standard of care, and high rates of pCR which translates to high rates of locoregional control, distant metastasis free survival and overall survival.

5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2204594, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658771

RESUMO

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a highly dynamic system that constantly offers physical, biological, and chemical signals to embraced cells. Increasing evidence suggests that mechanical signals derived from the dynamic cellular microenvironment are essential controllers of cell behaviors. Conventional cell culture biomaterials, with static mechanical properties such as chemistry, topography, and stiffness, have offered a fundamental understanding of various vital biochemical and biophysical processes, such as cell adhesion, spreading, migration, growth, and differentiation. At present, novel biomaterials that can spatiotemporally impart biophysical cues to manipulate cell fate are emerging. The dynamic properties and adaptive traits of new materials endow them with the ability to adapt to cell requirements and enhance cell functions. In this review, an introductory overview of the key players essential to mechanobiology is provided. A biophysical perspective on the state-of-the-art manipulation techniques and novel materials in designing static and dynamic ECM-mimicking biomaterials is taken. In particular, different static and dynamic mechanical cues in regulating cellular mechanosensing and functions are compared. This review to benefit the development of engineering biomechanical systems regulating cell functions is expected.

6.
Vet Sci ; 10(1)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669064

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a significant threat to the pig industry in China. However, the epidemiological characteristics of PRRSV after the outbreak of African swine fever in China were not thoroughly investigated. In the present study, the serological and epidemiological investigations of PRRSV in pigs from the Hunan and Hebei provinces of China were assessed. The results showed that 73.12% (95% CI 71.74-74.49) of pigs were positive for PRRSV-special antibody by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Out of 5799 samples, 482 (8.31%, 95% CI 7.60-9.02) samples were positive for PRRSV nucleic acids. The positive rates of PRRSV in healthy pigs from farms and slaughterhouses were 2.27% (47/2072) and 7.70% (217/2818), which were lower than that in diseased pigs (23.98%, 218/909). Furthermore, the full-length OFR5 gene sequences of 43 PRRSV strains were sequenced and analysed. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that 43 isolates were classified into three lineages, namely lineage 1 (n = 24), lineage 8 (n = 15), and lineage 3 (n = 4). Lineage 1 could be further divided into sublineage 1.5 (n = 2) and sublineage 1.8 (n = 22), and lineage 8 was classified into sublineage 8.1 (n = 3) and sublineage 8.7 (n = 12). Collectively, our findings revealed the severe prevalence of PRRSV in the Hunan and Hebei provinces, where sublineage 1.8 and sublineage 8.7 predominated. The present study provides the update information of the epidemiological and genetic characteristics of PRRSV in the investigated regions, which will be beneficial for PRRS control.

7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679508

RESUMO

Silicon photonics (SiPh) are considered a promising technology for increasing interconnect speed and capacity while decreasing power consumption. Mode division multiplexing (MDM) enables signals to be transmitted in different orthogonal modes in a single waveguide core. Wideband MDM components simultaneously supporting wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) can significantly increase the transmission capacity for optical interconnects. In this work, we propose, fabricate and demonstrate a wideband and channel switchable MDM optical power divider on an SOI platform, supporting single, dual and triple modes. The switchable MDM power divider consists of two parts. The first part is a cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) for switching the data from their original TE0, TE1 and TE2 modes to different modes among themselves. After the target modes are identified, mode up-conversion and Y-branch are utilized in the second part for the MDM power division. Here, 48 WDM wavelength channels carrying OFDM data are successfully switched and power divided. An aggregated capacity of 7.682 Tbit/s is achieved, satisfying the pre-forward error correction (pre-FEC) threshold (bit-error-rate, BER = 3.8 × 10-3). Although up to three MDM modes are presented in the proof-of-concept demonstration here, the proposed scheme can be scaled to higher order modes operation.


Assuntos
Registros , Silício , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Tecnologia
8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2206203, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703616

RESUMO

The anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is a quantum coherent transport phenomenon that conventionally vanishes at elevated temperatures because of thermal dephasing. Therefore, it is puzzling that the AHE can survive in heavy metal (HM)/antiferromagnetic (AFM) insulator (AFMI) heterostructures at high temperatures yet disappears at low temperatures. In this paper, an unconventional high-temperature AHE in HM/AFMI is observed only around the Néel temperature of AFM, with large anomalous Hall resistivity up to 40 nΩ cm is reported. This mechanism is attributed to the emergence of a noncollinear AFM spin texture with a non-zero net topological charge. Atomistic spin dynamics simulation shows that such a unique spin texture can be stabilized by the subtle interplay among the collinear AFM exchange coupling, interfacial Dyzaloshinski-Moriya interaction, thermal fluctuation, and bias magnetic field.

9.
Radiology ; : 221373, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719291

RESUMO

Background Confirming ablation completeness with sufficient ablative margin is critical for local tumor control following colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) ablation. An image-based confirmation method considering patient- and ablation-related biomechanical deformation is an unmet need. Purpose To evaluate a biomechanical deformable image registration (DIR) method for three-dimensional (3D) minimal ablative margin (MAM) quantification and the association with local disease progression following CT-guided CLM ablation. Materials and Methods This single-institution retrospective study included patients with CLM treated with CT-guided microwave or radiofrequency ablation from October 2015 to March 2020. A biomechanical DIR method with AI-based autosegmentation of liver, tumors, and ablation zones on CT images was applied for MAM quantification retrospectively. The per-tumor incidence of local disease progression was defined as residual tumor or local tumor progression. Factors associated with local disease progression were evaluated using the multivariable Fine-Gray subdistribution hazard model. Local disease progression sites were spatially localized with the tissue at risk for tumor progression (<5 mm) using a 3D ray-tracing method. Results Overall, 213 ablated CLMs (mean diameter, 1.4 cm) in 124 consecutive patients (mean age, 57 years ± 12 [SD]; 69 women) were evaluated, with a median follow-up interval of 25.8 months. In ablated CLMs, an MAM of 0 mm was depicted in 14.6% (31 of 213), from greater than 0 to less than 5 mm in 40.4% (86 of 213), and greater than or equal to 5 mm in 45.1% (96 of 213). The 2-year cumulative incidence of local disease progression was 72% for 0 mm and 12% for greater than 0 to less than 5 mm. No local disease progression was observed for an MAM greater than or equal to 5 mm. Among 117 tumors with an MAM less than 5 mm, 36 had local disease progression and 30 were spatially localized within the tissue at risk for tumor progression. On multivariable analysis, an MAM of 0 mm (subdistribution hazard ratio, 23.3; 95% CI: 10.8, 50.5; P < .001) was independently associated with local disease progression. Conclusion Biomechanical deformable image registration and autosegmentation on CT images enabled identification and spatial localization of colorectal liver metastases at risk for local disease progression following ablation, with a minimal ablative margin greater than or equal to 5 mm as the optimal end point. © RSNA, 2023 Supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Sofocleous in this issue.

10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 73, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis is a progressive systemic skeletal disorder. Multiple profiling studies have contributed to characterizing biomarkers and therapeutic targets for osteoporosis. However, due to the limitation of the platform of miRNA sequencing, only a part of miRNA can be sequenced based on one platform. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we performed miRNA sequencing in osteoporosis bone samples based on a novel platform Illumina Hiseq 2500. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to construct osteoporosis-related competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks. Gene interference and osteogenic induction were used to examine the effect of identified ceRNA networks on osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HBMSCs). RESULTS: miR-1303 was lowly expressed, while cochlin (COCH) and KCNMA1-AS1 were highly expressed in the osteoporosis subjects. COCH knockdown improved the osteogenic differentiation of HBMSCs. Meanwhile, COCH inhibition compensated for the suppression of osteogenic differentiation of HBMSCs by miR-1303 knockdown. Further, KCNMA1-AS1 knockdown promoted osteogenic differentiation of HBMSCs through downregulating COCH by sponging miR-1303. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the KCNMA1-AS1/miR-1303/COCH axis is a promising biomarker and therapeutic target for osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , MicroRNAs , Osteoporose , Humanos , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Subunidades alfa do Canal de Potássio Ativado por Cálcio de Condutância Alta , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese/genética , Osteoporose/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , RNA Antissenso/genética
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 306: 116158, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638854

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dengzhan shengmai (DZSM) formula, composed of four herbal medicines (Erigeron breviscapus, Panax ginseng, Schisandra chinensis, and Ophiopogon japonicus), is widely used in the recovery period of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases; however, the associated molecular mechanism remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to uncover the links between the microbiota-gut-brain axis and the efficacy of DZSM in ameliorating cerebral ischemic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of DZSM on the gut microbiota community and bacteria-derived short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production were evaluated in vivo using a rat model of cerebral ischemia and in vitro through the anaerobic incubation with fresh feces derived from model animals. Subsequently, the mechanism underlying the role of SCFAs in the DZSM-mediated treatment of cerebral ischemia was explored. RESULTS: We found that DZSM treatment significantly altered the composition of the gut microbiota and markedly enhanced SCFA production. The consequent increase in SCFA levels led to the upregulation of the expression of monocarboxylate transporters and facilitated the transportation of intestinal SCFAs into the brain, thereby inhibiting the apoptosis of neurocytes via the regulation of the PI3K/AKT/caspase-3 pathway. The increased intestinal SCFA levels also contributed to the repair of the 2VO-induced disruption of gut barrier integrity and inhibited the translocation of lipopolysaccharide from the intestine to the brain, thus attenuating neuroinflammation. Consequently, cerebral neuropathy and oxidative stress were significantly improved in 2VO model rats, leading to the amelioration of cerebral ischemia-induced cognitive dysfunction. Finally, fecal microbiota transplantation could reproduce the beneficial effects of DZSM on SCFA production and cerebral ischemia. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that SCFAs mediate the effects of DZSM in ameliorating cerebral ischemia via the gut microbiota-gut-brain axis.

12.
Front Med ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645633

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a critical role in the regulation of atherosclerosis. Here, we investigated the role of the lncRNA growth arrest-specific 5 (lncR-GAS5) in atherogenesis. We found that the enforced expression of lncR-GAS5 contributed to the development of atherosclerosis, which presented as increased plaque size and reduced collagen content. Moreover, impaired autophagy was observed, as shown by a decreased LC3II/LC3I protein ratio and an elevated P62 level in lncR-GAS5-overexpressing human aortic endothelial cells. By contrast, lncR-GAS5 knockdown promoted autophagy. Moreover, serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 10 (SRSF10) knockdown increased the LC3II/LC3I ratio and decreased the P62 level, thus enhancing the formation of autophagic vacuoles, autolysosomes, and autophagosomes. Mechanistically, lncR-GAS5 regulated the downstream splicing factor SRSF10 to impair autophagy in the endothelium, which was reversed by the knockdown of SRSF10. Further results revealed that overexpression of the lncR-GAS5-targeted gene miR-193-5p promoted autophagy and autophagic vacuole accumulation by repressing its direct target gene, SRSF10. Notably, miR-193-5p overexpression decreased plaque size and increased collagen content. Altogether, these findings demonstrate that lncR-GAS5 partially contributes to atherogenesis and plaque instability by impairing endothelial autophagy. In conclusion, lncR-GAS5 overexpression arrested endothelial autophagy through the miR-193-5p/SRSF10 signaling pathway. Thus, miR-193-5p/SRSF10 may serve as a novel treatment target for atherosclerosis.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 52(5): 1441-1448, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645319

RESUMO

PbS QDs have attracted considerable interest in optoelectronics. However, their high susceptibility to oxidation results in the production of Pb oxides on PbS, which can induce sub-bandgap traps in PbS QDs that are detrimental to the performance of the resultant device. Here we report a facile strategy to enhance the film quality of PbS QD solids through an in situ surface etching and passivation route, carried out by immersing the PbS QD solid film in an I-/I2 solution at room temperature in ambient air. The process is simple and allows for the simultaneous removal of surface Pb oxides and the formation of a PbI2 passivation layer on PbS QDs, leading to the elimination of traps in PbS QDs while preserving their optical properties and film morphology. As a result, charge recombination within the film is suppressed and charge carrier transport is enhanced. When used to fabricate a quantum dot sensitized solar cell, a large increase in cell performance was achieved.

14.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 7(1): 4, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of a novel approach for predicting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) response to drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) using computed tomography hepatic arteriography enhancement mapping (CTHA-EM) method. METHODS: This three-institution retrospective study included 29 patients with 46 HCCs treated with DEB-TACE between 2017 and 2020. Pre- and posttreatment CTHA-EM images were generated using a prototype deformable registration and subtraction software. Relative tumor enhancement (TPost/pre-RE) defined as the ratio of tumor enhancement to normal liver tissue was calculated to categorize tumor response as residual (TPost-RE > 1) versus non-residual (TPost-RE ≤ 1) enhancement, which was blinded compared to the response assessment on first follow-up imaging using modified RECIST criteria. Additionally, for tumors with residual enhancement, CTHA-EM was evaluated to identify its potential feeding arteries. RESULTS: CTHA-EM showed residual enhancement in 18/46 (39.1%) and non-residual enhancement in 28/46 (60.9%) HCCs, with significant differences on TPost-RE (3.05 ± 2.4 versus 0.48 ± 0.23, respectively; p < 0.001). The first follow-up imaging showed non-complete response (partial response or stable disease) in 19/46 (41.3%) and complete response in 27/46 (58.7%) HCCs. CTHA-EM had a response prediction sensitivity of 94.7% (95% CI, 74.0-99.9) and specificity of 100% (95% CI, 87.2-100). Feeding arteries to the residual enhancement areas were demonstrated in all 18 HCCs (20 arteries where DEB-TACE was delivered, 2 newly developed collaterals following DEB-TACE). CONCLUSION: CTHA-EM method was highly accurate in predicting initial HCC response to DEB-TACE and identifying feeding arteries to the areas of residual arterial enhancement.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Angiografia
15.
Transl Neurodegener ; 12(1): 5, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717892

RESUMO

The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on patients with neurodegenerative diseases and the specific neurological manifestations of COVID-19 have aroused great interest. However, there are still many issues of concern to be clarified. Therefore, we review the current literature on the complex relationship between COVID-19 and neurodegenerative diseases with an emphasis on Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We summarize the impact of COVID-19 infection on symptom severity, disease progression, and mortality rate of PD and AD, and discuss whether COVID-19 infection could trigger PD and AD. In addition, the susceptibility to and the prognosis of COVID-19 in PD patients and AD patients are also included. In order to achieve better management of PD and AD patients, modifications of care strategies, specific drug therapies, and vaccines during the pandemic are also listed. At last, mechanisms underlying the link of COVID-19 with PD and AD are reviewed.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , COVID-19 , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/epidemiologia , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Progressão da Doença
17.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280436, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662703

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This prospective observational study aimed to establish the frequency of postoperative nocturnal respiratory abnormalities among patients undergoing major surgery who received ward-level care. These abnormalities may have implications for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: Eligible patients underwent blinded noninvasive continuous capnography with pulse oximetry using the Capnostream™ 20p monitor over the first postoperative night. All patients received oxygen supplementation and patient-controlled opioid analgesia. The primary outcome was the number of prolonged apnea events (PAEs), defined as end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) ≤5 mmHg for 30-120 seconds or EtCO2 ≤5 mmHg for >120 seconds with oxygen saturation (SpO2) <85%. Secondary outcomes were the proportion of recorded time that physiological indices were aberrant, including the apnea index (AI), oxygen desaturation index (ODI), integrated pulmonary index (IPI), and SpO2. Exploratory analysis was conducted to assess the associations between PAEs, PPCs, and pre-defined factors. RESULTS: Among 125 patients who had sufficient data for analysis, a total of 1800 PAEs occurred in 67 (53.4%) patients. The highest quartile accounted for 89.1% of all events. Amongst patients who experienced any PAEs, the median (IQR) number of PAE/patient was four (2-12). As proportions of recorded time (median (IQR)), AI, ODI, and IPI were aberrant for 12.4% (0-43.2%), 19.1% (2.0-57.1%), and 11.5% (3.1-33.3%) respectively. Only age, ARISCAT, and opioid consumption/kg were associated with PPCs. CONCLUSIONS: PAE and aberrant indices were frequently detected on the first postoperative night. However, they did not correlate with PPCs. Future research should investigate the significance of detected aberrations.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Apneia , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Oxigênio , Oximetria , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Capnografia
18.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 13(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673016

RESUMO

Aim: The activation of NLRP3 inflammasome leads to the stimulation of cytokines and is significantly involved in the pathogenesis and progression of autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this study is to examine the associations of NLRP3 gene polymorphisms with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS) patients. Methods: A total of 239 patients with RA, 285 patients with primary SS, and 170 healthy controls were enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and gene polymorphisms were genotyped through the TaqMan assay. Antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-Ro, and anti-CCP antibodies were detected using immunofluorescence immunoassay. Results: The T allele of rs4612666 CT elevated the susceptibility to RA disease. The RF titer during diagnosis of RA was significantly high in RA patients with the A allele of rs12079994 G/A polymorphism. The titer of anti-CCP during diagnosis of RA was high in the absence of the C allele of rs10754558 C/G polymorphisms in RA patients. Antinuclear antibody and anti-CCP were positively associated with the A allele of rs12079994 G/A polymorphism in primary SS. The C allele of rs4612666 C/T was negatively associated with ANA in primary SS. Conclusions: The results have shown that NLRP3 gene polymorphisms may play a role in the pathogenesis of RA and primary SS.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609863

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of using intra-procedural pre-ablation contrast-enhanced CT prior to percutaneous thermal ablation (pre-ablation CECT) of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) on local outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected liver ablation registry included 144 consecutive patients (median age 57 years IQR [49, 65], 60% men) who underwent 173 CT-guided ablation sessions for 250 CLM between October 2015 and March 2020. In addition to oncologic outcomes, technical success was retrospectively evaluated using a biomechanical deformable image registration software for 3D-minimal ablative margin (3D-MAM) quantification. Bayesian regression was used to estimate effects of pre-ablation CECT on residual unablated tumor, 3D-MAM, and local tumor progression-free survival (LTPFS). RESULTS: Pre-ablation CECT was acquired in 71/173 (41%) sessions. Residual unablated tumor was present in one (0.9%) versus nine tumors (6.6%) ablated with versus without using pre-ablation CECT, respectively (p = 0.024). Pre-ablation CECT use decreased the odds of residual disease on first follow-up by 78% (CI95% [5, 86]) and incomplete ablation (3D-MAM ≤ 0 mm) by 58% (CI95% [13, 122]). The odds ratio for residual unablated tumor for larger CLM was lower when pre-ablation CECT was used (odds ratio 1.0 with pre-ablation CECT vs. 2.52 without). Pre-ablation CECT use was not associated with improvements on LTPFS. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-ablation CECT is associated with improved immediate outcomes by significantly reducing the incidence of residual unablated tumor and by mitigating the risk of incomplete ablation for larger CLM. We recommend performing baseline intra-procedural pre-ablation CECT as a standard imaging protocol. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3 (retrospective cohort study).

20.
Life Sci ; 314: 121336, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586574

RESUMO

AIMS: Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) is a transmembrane protein in endoplasmic reticulum and plays crucial roles in autophagy, antiviral and anti-tumor responses. However, there are few studies on the transcriptional regulation mechanism of STING. MAIN METHODS: The 5' RACE experiment was used to determine the location of STING promoters. Luciferase reporting assay confirmed the activity and core region of STING internal promoter. Site-directed mutagenesis confirmed that NF-κB regulates the activity of STING promoters. The regulation of NF-κB on STING was investigated by real-time quantitative PCR, western blot, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inflammatory cell model. KEY FINDINGS: There was also a transcription start site at the 17 bp sequence upstream of STING second exon. STING-285 was the core region of the internal promoter. After NF-κB binding site mutation, the activity of STING internal promoter decreased significantly. In addition, we found that NF-κB can bind to the promoter region of wild-type STING. Overexpression of NF-κB significantly increased the activity of STING internal promoter and wild-type promoter, while knockdown of endogenous NF-κB significantly inhibited the activity of STING promoters. The binding of NF-κB to STING promoters in vivo were confirmed by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Meanwhile, we stimulated HeLa cells with LPS to activate the NF-κB pathway and found that STING expression was up-regulated. SIGNIFICANCE: These results suggest that transcription factor NF-κB positively regulates the expression of STING via alternative promoter usage. This provides a new basis and potential drug targets for the clinical treatment of STING related diseases.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , NF-kappa B , Humanos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
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