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1.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 496-506, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522355

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a differentiated type of thyroid malignancy with a high incidence. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) DUXAP8 has been reported to participate in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of several cancer types. However, its association with PTC has not yet been reported. The current study aimed to investigate the role of DUXAP8 in PTC and revealed the underlying mechanisms. The expression of DUXAP8 was knocked down in two PTC cell lines and the effects of DUXAP8 on the PTC biological behavior were examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing, and transwell invasion assays. Luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the binding activity between miR-223-3p and DUXAP8. We found that knockdown of DUXAP8 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of PTC cells. DUXAP8 could sponge miR-223-3p through the specific binding site. CXCR4 was a target of miR-223-3p. The malignant phenotypes of the PTC cells were suppressed by the over-expression of miR-223-3p. Moreover, miR-223-3p inhibition or CXCR4 over-expression partly restored the proliferation, migration, and invasion activities of DUXAP8-downregulated PTC cells. The results evidenced that DUXAP8 acted as an oncogene in PTC, these effects seemed to partly dependent on the miR-223-3p/CXCR4 axis.

2.
J Contemp Brachytherapy ; 12(4): 375-382, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293977

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the role of transrectal ultrasound guidance in interstitial brachytherapy for cervical cancer. Material and methods: Forty-eight patients who underwent interstitial brachytherapy treatment for cervical cancer between January 2017 and January 2018 were enrolled in the study. The distances between each inserted needle and the lesion were measured at seven sites by ultrasound (D1-D7) and compared to the corresponding distances (M1-M7) when visualised with nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Measurements were paired on the basis of the observation sites, e.g. D1 and M1, D2 and M2. The statistical differences, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), and linear relationships for the paired measurements were calculated. Results: No significant differences were found between the paired M and D measurements, with all ICCs showing high levels of concordance (0.81-0.93). Conclusions: Transrectal ultrasound showed strong agreement with MRI results in determining the position of the inserted needles. Transrectal ultrasound is a useful tool for guided interstitial brachytherapy and is appropriate for widespread use in the treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer.

3.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(11): e00262, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To establish and verify a simple noninvasive model based on the left gastric vein (LGV) to predict the grade of esophageal varices (EV) and high-risk EV (HEV), to facilitate clinical follow-up and timely treatment. METHODS: We enrolled 320 patients with B-viral cirrhosis. All patients underwent endoscopy, laboratory tests, liver and spleen stiffness (SS), and ultrasonography. HEV were analyzed using the χ test/t test and logistic regression in the univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively. EV grades were analyzed using the variance/rank-sum test and logistic regression. A prediction model was derived from the multivariate predictors. RESULTS: In the training set, multivariate analysis showed that the independent factors of different EV grades were SS, LGV diameter, and platelet count (PLT). We developed the LGV diameter-SS to PLT ratio index (LSPI) and LGV diameter/PLT models without SS. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the LSPI for diagnosis of small EV, medium EV, large EV, and HEV was 0.897, 0.899, 0.853, and 0.954, respectively, and that of the LGV/PLT was 0.882, 0.890, 0.837, and 0.942, respectively. For the diagnosis of HEV, the negative predictive value was 94.07% when LSPI < 19.8 and the positive predictive value was 91.49% when LSPI > 23.0. The negative predictive value was 95.92% when LGV/PLT < 5.15, and the positive predictive value was 86.27% when LGV/PLT > 7.40. The predicted values showed similar accuracy in the validation set. DISCUSSION: Under appropriate conditions, the LSPI was an accurate method to detect the grade of EV and HEV. Alternatively, the LGV/PLT may also be useful in diagnosing the varices when condition limited.

4.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 445, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) has been reported to play an essential role in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the role of NEAT1 in regulation of alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) remains largely unknown. This study aims to explore the role of NEAT1 in ASH by mediating microRNA-129-5p (miR-129-5p) targeting suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2). METHODS: NEAT1, miR-129-5p and SOCS2 expression in serum of ASH patients were assessed. In the in vitro cellular experiment, we transfected siRNAs, oligonucleotides or plasmids into ethanol-induced AML-12 mouse hepatocytes to alter NEAT1 and miR-129-5p expression, and inflammatory factors and lipid content were determined. In the in vivo animal experiment, we injected lentiviruses carrying siRNAs, oligonucleotides or plasmids onto ASH mice (ASH induced by feeding mice a Lieber-DeCarli ethanol diet) to alter NEAT1 and miR-129-5p expression through the tail vein. Serum liver function, blood lipids and inflammatory factors were detected; liver histopathology, liver cell apoptosis, and fibrosis were observed. The relationship between NEAT1 and miR-129-5p, or between miR-129-5p and SOCS2 was verified. RESULTS: MiR-129-5p was reduced while NEAT1 and SOCS2 were elevated in ASH. Inhibited NEAT1 or elevated miR-129-5p suppressed the elevated lipid metabolism and restrained inflammation reaction in ethanol-stimulated AML-12 cells. The promoted miR-129-5p and inhibited NEAT1 could improve the liver function and repress blood lipid, inflammation reaction, hepatocyte apoptosis and liver fibrosis in ethanol-induced ASH mice. Furthermore, NEAT1 could negatively regulate miR-129-5p to target SOCS2. CONCLUSION: We have found that the inhibited NEAT1 could suppress liver fibrosis in ASH mice by promoting miR-129-5p and restraining SOCS2, thereby decelerating the development of ASH.

5.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153804

RESUMO

The aim of the study described here was to explore the value of hepatic transit time (HTT) and shear wave velocity (SWV) in diagnosing cirrhotic portal hypertension. Fifty-seven patients had undergone esophagogastric varicose vein embolization (group OBS) and 50 healthy controls (group CON) were retrospectively compared with respect to HTT (arterial-hepatic vein [HA-HVTT], portal vein-hepatic vein [PV-HVTT], liver parenchyma-hepatic vein [PA-HVTT]) and SWV to analyze their efficacy in diagnosing cirrhotic portal hypertension. The correlations between SWV/HTT and free portal pressure (FPP) in group OBS were also analyzed. Compared with group CON, group OBS had a shorter HTT and faster SWV. The area under the curve (AUC) of PV-HVTT (0.93) was higher than those of HA-HVTT (0.75) and PA-HVTT (0.64), the AUCs of PV-HVTT (0.93, threshold 7.9 s) and SWV (0.91, threshold 2.0 cm/s) did not statistically differ (z = 0.35, p = 0.73). HTT and FPP in group OBS had a negative correlation. In conclusion, HTT and SWV can be used to diagnose cirrhotic portal hypertension without difference in diagnostic efficacy, and HTT is more meaningful for assessing the changes in portal pressure.

6.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936473

RESUMO

Ultrasonography offers a unique advantage in the clinical diagnosis of intussusception. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in pediatric intussusception. The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library databases, and African Journals Online database were searched for studies pertaining to ultrasonographic diagnosis of intussusception in children. Finally, 14 studies (combined n = 2367) were found eligible for inclusion. Pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.94 (95% confidence interval: 0.91-0.96) and 0.96 (95% confidence interval: 0.93-0.98), respectively. In conclusion, ultrasonography has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of intussusception.

7.
Biomater Sci ; 8(11): 3116-3129, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352102

RESUMO

To enhance the specificity and efficiency of anti-tumor therapies, we have designed a multifunctional nanoparticle platform for photochemotherapy using fluorescence (FL) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging guidance. Nanoparticles (NPs) composed of a eutectic mixture of natural fatty acids that undergo a solid-liquid phase transition at 39 °C were used to encapsulate materials for the rapid and uniform release of the hypoxia-activated prodrug tirapazamine (TPZ) and the photosensitizer IR780, which targets the mitochondria of tumor cells and can be used to induce hypoxic cell death via photodynamic therapy and photothermal therapy. In vitro, the NPs containing TPZ and IR7890 exhibited appreciable cell uptake and triggered drug release when irradiated with a NIR laser. In vivo, photochemotherapy of the NPs achieved the best anti-tumor efficacy under PA and FL imaging guidance and monitoring. By combining IR780 mitochondria-targeting phototherapy with TPZ, we observed improved anti-tumor effectiveness and this has the potential to reduce the side effects of traditional chemotherapy. Herein, we demonstrate a new intracellular photochemotherapy nanosystem that co-encapsulates photosensitizers and hypoxia-activated drugs to enhance the overall anti-tumor effect precisely and efficiently.

8.
J Ultrasound Med ; 39(9): 1687-1694, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323353

RESUMO

Accurate diagnosis of splenic diseases is important for timely and accurate treatment. The objective of this study was to compare the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and conventional ultrasound (US) in detecting splenic lesions. A systematic literature search was undertaken, and 8 studies met the inclusion criteria. The sensitivity and specificity of the consolidated results of CEUS were 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92-0.97) and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.90-0.99), respectively (I2 = 27.4%; area under the curve [AUC] from a summary receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.97). The sensitivity and specificity of the consolidated results of conventional US were 0.70 (95% CI, 0.56-0.80) and 0.96 (95% CI, 0.76-0.99; I2 = 83.4%; AUC = 0.84). In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the sensitivity and specificity of CEUS were higher than those of conventional US in diagnosing splenic lesions. Contrast-enhanced US is a promising method for accurately diagnosing splenic lesions.

9.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227358, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging is an ultrasound-based elastography method that has been studied in the staging of hepatic fibrosis, especially in chronic hepatitis. However, the diagnostic accuracy of ARFI in non-viral hepatopathies, such as autoimmune hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, has not been systematically determined. AIM: To systematically assess the diagnostic accuracy of ARFI in non-viral hepatopathies. METHODS: The databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and clinicaltrials.gov were systematically searched for candidate studies reporting the diagnostic accuracy of ARFI for hepatic fibrosis. The pooled estimates of the sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratio, and positive and negative likelihood ratios were calculated with the summary receiver operating curve (sROC) performed using STATA software. RESULTS: In detail, a total of 29 diagnostic studies were included for further analysis. The quality of the included studies was relatively high using QUADAS method. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.79 (0.73, 0.83) and 0.81 (0.75, 0.86), with AUROC 0.87 (0.83, 0.89) for the staging of significant fibrosis (F≥2). Meanwhile, for the staging of severe fibrosis (F≥3), the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.92 (0.87, 0.95) and 0.85 (0.80, 0.89), with AUROC 0.94 (0.92, 0.96). Furthermore, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.89 (0.79, 0.95) and 0.89 (0.85, 0.92), with AUROC 0.94 (0.92, 0.96) for ARFI in staging cirrhosis (F = 4), which were similar to the data for severe fibrosis. No significant publication bias was present in this study. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrated that ARFI exerted satisfactory diagnostic performance in staging non-viral hepatic fibrosis, especially severe fibrosis (F≥3) and cirrhosis (F = 4).


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Fibrose/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Fibrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose/patologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatias/patologia
10.
J Ultrasound Med ; 39(6): 1087-1095, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound (US) in determining the positions of parametrial implants by comparing US with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for advanced cervical cancer. METHODS: Patients undergoing brachytherapy with parametrial implantation for cervical cancer from February 2017 to February 2019 were involved in the study. The transverse section of the cervix (surface S1 ) and the transverse section 1 cm above the external cervix (surface S2 ) were selected from MRI and US images as the observation planes. In the MRI observation plane, the distances between the uterine titanium needles and the uterine tube/implanter were set as M1 to M4 ; in the US observation plane, the distances between the uterine titanium needles and the uterine tube/implanter were set as D1 to D4 . The differences and consistency in M and D of each group were then compared. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between M and D in each group (P = .058; P = .821; P = .870; and P = .936, respectively). The intraclass correlation coefficients of M and D in each group were 0.970, 0.968, 0.952, and 0.956. A regression analysis showed that the relationships between M and D in each group were as follows: M1 = 0.9449D1 + 0.1812; M2 = 0.9463D2 + 0.0965; M3 = 0.9176D3 + 0.1233; and M4 = 0.9253D4 + 0.1224. CONCLUSIONS: In parametrial brachytherapy for cervical cancer, US can accurately determine the positions of parametrial implantation needles, which is already applicable on MRI, and can provide assistance in parametrial brachytherapy for advanced cervical cancer.

11.
Endocrine ; 65(1): 121-131, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the American College of Radiology (ACR) thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TIRADS) and American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines for thyroid nodules with regard to diagnostic performance and effectiveness at reducing the number of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies and to preliminarily discuss the reasons for the differences and (2) to compare the diagnostic performance of the two guidelines in the subgroup of nodules <1 cm in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, 1000 thyroid nodules in 894 consecutive patients with final diagnoses were included; these thyroid nodules were investigated via FNA biopsies in our hospital. The ultrasound (US) features of the thyroid nodules were reviewed and stratified according to the categories defined by the ACR TIRADS and ATA guidelines. RESULTS: Compared with the ACR TIRADS guidelines, the ATA guidelines had a higher sensitivity (93.4% (P < 0.001)) and a larger negative predictive value (NPV) (85.3% (P= 0.034)). Compared with the ATA guidelines, the ACR TIRADS guidelines had a higher specificity (66.0% (P < 0.001)), a greater PPV (73.6% (P= 0.001)), and greater accuracy (75.5% (P= 0.017)). Compared with the ATA guidelines, the ACR TIRADS guidelines resulted in significantly fewer unnecessary FNA biopsies (P= 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that both the ACR TIRADS and ATA guidelines have unique strengths with regard to their diagnostic performance. In terms of reducing the number of FNA biopsies, the ACR TIRADS guidelines were superior to the ATA guidelines.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Endócrino/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/normas , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Dados Preliminares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Carga Tumoral , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Estados Unidos
12.
Endocrine ; 64(1): 109-117, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771153

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of microwave ablation (MWA) for primary papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) with a large sample of 185 patients. METHODS: A total of 185 patients underwent MWA for 206 primary PTMC nodules. They received ultrasound follow-up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after MWA and every 6 months thereafter. Nodule volumes were calculated at each follow-up and compared with those before MWA. Additionally, the volume reduction rate (VRR) of the nodules was calculated. Patients' thyroid functions were tested before and 1 month after MWA. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time of the 185 patients was 20.7 ± 8.8 months (range 12-36 months). During the follow-up period, the mean volume of the 206 nodules was 100.1 ± 92.9 mm3 (range 3.6-423.9) before MWA, which decreased to 2.2 ± 5.6 mm3 (range 0-20.3 mm3) after MWA (P = 0.000). The mean VRR of the nodules was 98.65 ± 3.60% after MWA (range 83.85-100%). One hundred and seventy four of 206 nodules (84.5%) were fully absorbed. Compared with the preoperative results, no significant variation in thyroid function was observed 1 month after MWA. Thirty-eight patients (20.5%) had different types of complications, ranging from minor to major. Five patients (2.7%) had hoarseness, 11 patients (5.9%) had bleeding, 21 patients (11.4%) had earache or toothache, and one patient had another lesion 1 month after MWA. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary study suggests that MWA is safe and effective in the treatment of primary PTMC and offers a new alternative for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Carcinoma Papilar/terapia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Micro-Ondas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Ultrasound Med ; 38(9): 2305-2314, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical significance of using hepatic transit time (HTT) to evaluate portal vein pressure in gastroesophageal varices patients. METHODS: For the observation group, we enrolled 50 gastroesophageal varices patients who had received esophagogastric variceal embolization in our hospital between January 2015 and February 2018. Patients without liver disease populated the control group and were recruited during the same time period. All patients underwent contrast-enhanced sonography. In the observation group, free portal pressure (FPP) was detected during esophagogastric variceal embolization with ultrasound guidance. Differences in hepatic artery-hepatic vein transit time (HA-HVTT), portal vein-hepatic vein transit time (PV-HVTT), and parenchyma-hepatic vein transit time (PA-HVTT) were compared between groups. Correlations between HA-HVTT, PV-HVTT, PA-HVTT, and FPP in the observation group were analyzed using the Pearson coefficient and linear regression analysis. RESULTS: HA-HVTT (t = 5.078; P < .001), PV-HVTT (t = 12.163; P < .001), and PA-HVTT (t = 2.649; P = .009) within the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group. The areas under the curve of HTT were 0.771 (HA-HVTT), 0.951 (PV-HVTT), and 0.652 (PA-HVTT), and the sensitivity and specificity of PV-HVTT at 7.99 seconds were 86.0% and 88.0%, respectively. The HA-HVTT (r = -0.799; P < .001), PV-HVTT (r = -0.554; P < .001), and PA-HVTT (r = -0.735; P < .001) negatively correlated to FPP in the observation group. Linear regression analysis showed y = -0.410x + 7.254 (HA-HVTT and FPP), y = -0.335x + 4.983 (PV-HVTT and FPP), and y = -0.566x + 4.997 (PA-HVTT and FPP) in the observation group. CONCLUSION: Compared with the control patients, the HTT of patients with portal hypertension-esophagogastric varices was significantly shorter, and showed an inverse relationship with FPP.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Artéria Hepática/fisiopatologia , Veias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , Pressão na Veia Porta/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Artéria Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Open Med (Wars) ; 13: 556-561, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30564634

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of gastrointestinal function on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients. Methods: From August 2012 to June 2016, 160 critically ill patients in the ICU (Intensive Care Unit) of our hospital were selected as the research group; patients were divided equally into an observation group and a control group, 80 patients in each group, based on the random draw envelope principle. The control group was given a nasogastric tube for gastric feeding, the observation group was given a dual lumen gastrointestinal enteral device for gastric feeding; the two groups' enteral nutrition observation time was 7d; any changes in patient condition and prognosis were recorded. Results: The pH value of gastric juice in the control group and the observation group was 6.13±1.38 and 4.01±1.83, respectively: the pH for the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group (t=4.982, P<0.05). The incidence of VAP in the observation group and the control group was 2.5% and 12.5%, respectively: the VAP for the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). The serum levels of pre-albumin and albumin after feeding in the two groups were significantly higher than before feeding (P<0.05); the serum levels of pre-albumin and albumin in the observation group after feeding were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The mechanical ventilation time and ICU length of stay in the observation group were 9.12±2.13 days and 12.76±1.98 days, respectively, significantly lower than those of the control group of 10.56±2.89 days and 16.33±2.11 days (P<0.05). Conclusion: Obstacles to gastrointestinal function in critically ill ICU patients are common; enteral gastric feeding by dual lumen gastrointestinal for can improve the patient's nutritional status, promote and maintain the normal pH value of gastric juice, thereby reducing the incidence of VAP through rehabilitation of patients.

15.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 35(1): 450-462, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354777

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It is unclear which kind of interventional therapies is the best when treating early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We conducted Bayesian network meta-analyses to compare local tumor progression (LTP), total tumor recurrence and survival rates and to rank the best intervention arm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search of Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library and Clinicaltrials.gov was conducted and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the outcomes of interventional therapies on early-stage HCC were enrolled. The quality assessment was conducted using Cochrane Collaboration's tool, while the outcome synthesis of the network meta-analysis was conducted using R-3.3.4 software. RESULTS: A total of 35 RCTs were enrolled for further analysis. Using network meta-analysis, it was demonstrated that radiofrequency ablation (RFA) plus adjuvant therapies achieved the best performance in decreasing the LTP rate in early-stage HCC, while hepatic resection ranked as the best arm among all the interventional techniques for LTP at 3 years. Meanwhile, hepatic resection and RFA plus adjuvant therapies were the top two best arms in decreasing total recurrence. Furthermore, RFA plus adjuvant therapeutics ranked the best in achieving overall survival outcome, followed by hepatic resection. For disease-free survival, hepatic resection was the best, while for LTP-free survival, the difference among the included treatments was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Our network meta-analysis showed that RFA-based adjuvant therapies might be the most effective interventions in achieving the best outcomes, while hepatic resection exhibited the best performance in several situations in treating early-stage HCC. More RCTs are needed to draw more solid conclusions.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Metanálise em Rede , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 96(5): 619-626, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29316404

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy involving local and distant metastasis. It is known that CXC chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) interacts specifically with CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) to guide the migration of PTC cells. However, the signaling pathway downstream of the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis in PTC is not fully understood. In the present study, high expression of CXCR4 was detected in 38 out of 82 specimens of PTC, and the expression level of CXCR4 significantly correlated with the stage of PTC. Additionally, the roles of the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis in the migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of B-CPAP cells were investigated in vitro. The motility and invasiveness were significantly enhanced in CXCR4-overexpressing B-CPAP cells with CXCL12 treatment. Moreover, the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis promoted the EMT process, as evidenced by a decreased level of E-cadherin and increased expressions of N-cadherin and vimentin. Furthermore, the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis activated the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway, whereas BAY11-7082, an IκB phosphorylation inhibitor, counteracted CXCL12-CXCR4-induced migration, invasion, and EMT processes in B-CPAP cells. In conclusion, the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis promotes the migration, invasion, and EMT processes in B-CPAP cells, at least partly, by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Adulto , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 95: 1718-1724, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28962076

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to test the influence of miR-217 on the proliferation, invasion, migration of thyroid cancer and the relevant mechanism. METHOD: miR-217 expression levels in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR).Cell Counting Kit-8, flow cytometer, wound healing, transwell invasion assays were applied to evaluate the effect of miR-217 on proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of thyroid cells. The luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and western blot were used to identify target of miR-217. Relative relationship of expression level between miR-217 and AKT3 was analyzed in thyroid cancer tissues. Xenograft transplantation was performed to test effect of miR-217 in vivo. RESULTS: We found that the expression of miR-217 was significantly decreased in thyroid cancer tissues cell lines. Significantly, decreased miR-217 expression were associated with the clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. Function studies revealed that miR-217 overexpression in thyroid cancer cells inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, as well as suppressed tumor growth in vivo. Subsequently, AKT3 was identified as a target of miR-217 in thyroid cancer. AKT3 expression was upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues, was inversely correlated with miR-217expression. Besides, overexpression of AKT3 efficiently abrogates suppressive effect on proliferation, migration and invasion in thyroid cancer cells caused by overexpression of miR-217. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrated a tumor suppressor role for miR-217 in thyroid cancer development and progression by targeting AKT3, suggesting miR-217 might be a potential target for thyroid cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 38: 460-7, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27380620

RESUMO

The effective antitumor immune responses are dependent on coordinate interaction of various effector cells. Thus, the combination of adoptive immunotherapy and target gene therapy is capable of efficiently generating a productive antitumor immune response. We investigated whether combination of cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells adoptive immunotherapy and CCL21/IL15 armed oncolytic adenovirus could induce the enhanced antitumor activity. The CCL21/IL15 co-expression oncolytic adenoviruses were constructed by using the AdEasy system, which uses homologous recombination with shuttle plasmids and full length Ad backbones. This conditionally replicating adenoviruses CRAd-CCL21-IL15 could induce apoptosis in TERTp-positive tumor cells for viral propagation, but do not replicate efficiently in normal cells, because the E1A promoter was replaced by telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter (TERTp). Our results showed that the combination of CIK cells and CRAd-CCL21-IL15 could induce higher antitumor activity than either CIK cells or CRAd-CCL21-IL15 alone. This combined treatment could induce the tumor specific cytotoxicity of CTLs (cytotoxic T lymphocytes) in vitro. Moreover, the treatment of established tumors with the combined therapy of CIK cells and CRAd-CCL21-IL15 resulted in tumor regression. This study suggests that the combined treatment by adoptive immunotherapy and gene therapy is a promising strategy for the therapy of tumor.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL21/genética , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/transplante , Terapia Genética/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Interleucina-15/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Terapia Combinada , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/fisiologia , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/imunologia , Telomerase/metabolismo , Carga Tumoral/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Exp Ther Med ; 11(2): 409-414, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26893623

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of 90Sr-90Y ß-irradiation in a rat model of alkali burn-induced corneal neovascularization (CNV). Alkali burn-induced CNV was induced in the right eyes of 30 female Wistar rats, which were randomly divided into the following three groups (n=10/group): i) The alkali burn control group, which received a balanced salt solution treatment; ii) group 1, which received treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors; and iii) group 2, which received 90Sr-90Y ß-irradiation treatment. A further 10 female Wistar rats comprised a blank control group and received only balanced salt solution. Digital photographs of the corneas were acquired and the area of NV was calculated. In addition, the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-1 and VEGFR-2 in alkali-burned rat corneas were determined using western blot analysis. The results suggested that the number of new vessels and the area of CNV were significantly decreased in groups 1 and 2, as compared with the alkali burn group at each time point (P<0.05). In addition, the number of inflammatory cells and the degree of edema were decreased in groups 1 and 2, as compared with the alkali burn group, with group 2 exhibiting the most marked reduction. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the expression levels of MMP-9, VEGF, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 were significantly decreased in groups 1 and 2, as compared with the alkali burn control group, with group 2 exhibiting the most significant reduction (P<0.05). The results of the present study suggested that 90Sr-90Y ß-irradiation and angiogenesis inhibitor treatments were able to inhibit alkali burn-induced CNV, although 90Sr-90Y ß-irradiation may be more effective.

20.
Clin Imaging ; 37(1): 50-5, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23206607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To prospectively compare strain ratio to elastography score system in distinguishing between malignant and benign thyroid nodules. METHODS: The local institutional review board approved the study, and all patients provided written informed consent. We examined 168 thyroid nodules (52 malignant and 116 benign) with freehand elastography. The elastogram was performed with both the five-degree elastography score system and thyroid tissue-to-nodule strain ratio before core biopsies as standard reference. The area under the curve (AUC) and the best cut-off point were both obtained using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of both techniques were compared with the χ(2) test. Furthermore, strain ratio distribution was also compared with histopathological result. P<.05 was considered to indicate significance. RESULTS: The strain ratio distribution of malignant thyroid nodules significantly differed from that of benign nodules (all P<.001). The AUC of strain ratio was higher than that of the elastography score system (0.907 vs. 0.829; P<.05). By applying the best cut-off point of 3.855 for strain ratio and 3.5 for the elastography score system, strain ratio had significantly higher specificity (P<.05) in detecting malignant thyroid nodules. However, there was no significant difference in the sensitivity in distinguishing malignant thyroid nodules from benign ones between strain ratio and the elastography score system (P>.05). CONCLUSION: Strain ratio is more specific than conventional elastography score system in differentiating malignant from benign thyroid nodules.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Módulo de Elasticidade , Feminino , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
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