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1.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1047090, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340338

RESUMO

Photosynthesis, a fundamental process for plant growth and development, is dependent on chloroplast formation and chlorophyll synthesis. Severe disruption of chloroplast structure results in albinism of higher plants. In the present study, we report a cucumber albino alc mutant that presented white cotyledons under normal light conditions and was unable to produce first true leaf. Meanwhile, alc mutant could grow creamy green cotyledons under dim light conditions but died after exposure to normal light irradiation. No chlorophyll and carotenoid were detected in the alc mutant grown under normal light conditions. Using transmission electron microscopy, impaired chloroplasts were observed in this mutant. The genetic analysis indicated that the albino phenotype was recessively controlled by a single locus. Comparative transcriptomic analysis between the alc mutant and wild type revealed that genes involved in chlorophyll metabolism and the methylerythritol 4-phosphate pathway were affected in the alc mutant. In addition, three genes involved in chloroplast development, including two FtsH genes and one PPR gene, were found to have negligible expression in this mutant. The quality of RNA sequencing results was further confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR analysis. We also examined 12 homologous genes from alc mutant in other plant species, but no genetic variation in the coding sequences of these genes was found between alc mutant and wild type. Taken together, we characterized a cucumber albino mutant with albinism phenotype caused by chloroplast development deficiency and this mutant can pave way for future studies on plastid development.

2.
Sci Adv ; 8(45): eabq2321, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367940

RESUMO

Solution-processable all-inorganic CsPbI3-xBrx perovskite holds great potential for pure red light-emitting diodes. However, the widely existing defects in this mixed halide perovskite markedly limit the efficiency and stability of present light-emitting diode devices. We here identify that intragrain Ruddlesden-Popper planar defects are primary forms of such defects in the CsPbI3-xBrx thin film owing to the lattice strain caused by inhomogeneous halogen ion distribution. To eliminate these defects, we develop a stepwise metastable phase crystallization strategy to minimize the CsPbI3-xBrx perovskite lattice strain, which brings planar defect-free CsPbI3-xBrx thin film with improved radiative recombination, narrowed emission band, and enhanced spectral stability. Using these high-quality thin films, we fabricate spectrally stable pure red perovskite light-emitting diodes, showing 17.8% external quantum efficiency and 9000 candela meter-2 brightness with color coordinates required by Rec. 2020.

3.
J Res Adolesc ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414409

RESUMO

Mind wandering refers to task-unrelated thoughts that can interfere with ongoing tasks and could be sleep-driven across childhood. The present study investigated the mechanisms of the association between early adolescents' sleep and mind wandering with emotional symptoms and executive function as potential mediators. A total of 257 early adolescents (baseline aged 9-13 years old; 131 boys) completed the questionnaires consisting of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, mind wandering, depression and anxiety symptoms, and executive function. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data revealed a sequential mediation pathway of emotional symptoms and executive function in the association between sleep and mind wandering. The mediating effect of emotional symptoms in the link between sleep quality and mind wandering was significant among boys but not girls.

4.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369341

RESUMO

The enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and its highly related homolog EZH1 are considered to be epigenetic silencing factors, and they play key roles in the growth and differentiation of cells as the core components of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2). EZH1 and EZH2 are known to have a role in human malignancies, and alterations in these two genes have been implicated in transformation of human malignancies. Inhibition of EZH1/2 has been shown to result in tumor regression in humans and has been studied and evaluated in the preclinical setting and in multiple clinical trials at various levels. Our work thus contributes to the understanding of the relationship between regulatory molecules associated with EZH1/2 proteins and tumor progression, and may provide new insights for mechanism-based EZH1/2-targeted therapy in tumors.

5.
Front Physiol ; 13: 993904, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225311

RESUMO

Worldwide, the rapid increase in the incidence of diabetes and its complications poses a serious threat to human health. Ferroptosis, which is a new nonapoptotic form of cell death, has been proven to be closely related to the occurrence and development of diabetes and its complications. In recent years, lncRNAs have been confirmed to be involved in the occurrence and development of diabetes and play an important role in regulating ferroptosis. An increasing number of studies have shown that lncRNAs can affect the occurrence and development of diabetes and its complications by regulating ferroptosis. Therefore, lncRNAs have great potential as therapeutic targets for regulating ferroptosis-mediated diabetes and its complications. This paper reviewed the potential impact and regulatory mechanism of ferroptosis on diabetes and its complications, focusing on the effects of lncRNAs on the occurrence and development of ferroptosis-mediated diabetes and its complications and the regulation of ferroptosis-inducing reactive oxygen species, the key ferroptosis regulator Nrf2 and the NF-κB signaling pathway to provide new therapeutic strategies for the development of lncRNA-regulated ferroptosis-targeted drugs to treat diabetes.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2204043, 2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36310149

RESUMO

Direct electrocatalytic oxidation of benzene has been regarded as a promising approach for achieving high-value phenol product, but remaining a huge challenge. Here an oxygen-coordinated nickel single-atom catalyst (Ni-O-C) is reported with bifunctional electrocatalytic activities toward the two-electron oxygen reduction reaction (2e- ORR) to H2 O2 and H2 O2 -assisted benzene oxidation to phenol. The Ni-(O-C2 )4 sites in Ni-O-C ar proven to be the catalytic active centers for bifunctional 2e- ORR and H2 O2 -assisted benzene oxidation processes. As a result, Ni-O-C can afford a benzene conversion as high as 96.4 ± 3.6% with a phenol selectivity of 100% and a Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 80.2 ± 3.2% with the help of H2 O2 in 0.1 m KOH electrolyte at 1.5 V (vs RHE). A proof of concept experiment with Ni-O-C concurrently as cathode and anode in a single electrochemical cell demonstrates a benzene conversion of 33.4 ± 2.2% with a phenol selectivity of 100% and a FE of 44.8 ± 3.0% at 10 mA cm-2 .

7.
Anal Chem ; 94(44): 15189-15197, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36301736

RESUMO

Soot, mainly derived from incomplete combustion of fossil fuel and biomass, exists ubiquitously in different environmental matrixes. To study the detrimental effects of soot on climate, air quality, and human health, accurate quantification of soot is an important prerequisite. However, until now, quantification of soot in environmental media, especially in carbonaceous media, is still very challenging. Here, we report a matrix-free laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (LDI-MS) method for in situ imaging of soot particles in size-segregated aerosol samples collected on filter membranes. A series of round-shaped sample spots in filter membranes were selected and subjected to MS imaging analysis, enabling direct in situ quantification of soot without solvent extraction or separation. Especially, the MS imaging with serial sample spots can overcome the problems of sweet-spot in LDI-MS and inhomogeneous distribution of soot in the filter membrane, thus greatly improving the precision of quantification. The limit of detection of soot was 4 ng/m2 and the recovery was 84.4-126%. By using this method, we found that a higher soot content was present in larger-sized particulate matter than smaller-sized particles, suggesting that aerosol soot was mainly derived from primary emission sources. Furthermore, this method also shows the potential to analyze nitrate and sulfate species in PM2.5. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first method capable of simultaneous analysis of inorganic salts and soot in air samples. It represents a novel strategy for in situ quantification of aerosol soot with the advantages of high specificity, high sensitivity, separation-, solvent- and matrix-free.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Fuligem , Humanos , Fuligem/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Aerossóis/análise , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Solventes/análise , Carbono/química , Monitoramento Ambiental
8.
Adv Mater ; : e2206994, 2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36222376

RESUMO

The nucleation pathway determines the structures and thus properties of formed nanomaterials, which is governed by the free energy of the intermediate phase during nucleation. The amorphous structure, as one of the intermediate phases during nucleation, plays an important role in modulating the nucleation pathway. However, the process and mechanism of crystal nucleation from amorphous structures still need to be fully investigated. Here, in situ aberration-corrected high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) is employed to conduct real-time imaging of the nucleation of ultrathin amorphous nanosheets (NSs). The results indicate that their nucleation contains three distinct stages, i.e., aggregation of atoms, crystallization to form lattice-expanded nanocrystals, and relaxation of the lattice-expanded nanocrystals to form final nanocrystals. In particular, the crystallization processes of various amorphous materials are investigated systematically to form corresponding nanocrystals with unconventional crystalline phases, including face-centered-cubic (fcc) Ru, hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) Rh, and a new intermetallic IrCo alloy. In situ electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) analysis unveils that the doped carbon in the original amorphous NSs can migrate to the surface during the nucleation process, stabilizing the obtained unconventional crystal phases transformed from the amorphous structures, which is also proven by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

9.
Eur J Radiol ; 157: 110567, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Flow cytometry (FC) is a critical diagnostic approach for guiding targeted chemotherapy and cellular immunotherapy for relapsed and refractory lymphoma patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the value of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) to improve the quality of FC specimens in relapsed and refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL). METHODS: Twenty patients with R/R DLBCL after standard treatment were included. The primary lesions of all cases were confirmed by pathology. FNA and core needle biopsy (CNB) were both used for ultrasound-guided puncture, the specimens obtained by FNA are directly examined by FC, and the specimens by CNB were subjected to FC after grinding. The accuracy of FC with the two methods were evaluated using histopathology as the gold standard. RESULTS: Of the 20 R/R DLBCL cases, 19 were diagnosed as DLBCL pathologically and one was diagnosed as inflammatory granuloma. Among the specimens obtained by CNB, 14 cases examined by FC after grinding showed abnormal mature B cells, five cases were missed, all cases are not misdiagnosed. Among the specimens obtained by FNA, 18 cases showed FC-confirmed abnormal mature B cells, one case was missed, all cases are not misdiagnosed. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FC with CNB and FNA were 73.68 % (14/19) vs 94.73 % (18/19), 100 % (1/1) vs 100 % (1/1), and 75 % (15/20) vs 97.14 % (19/20), respectively. The sensitivity of the two puncture methods of FC of DLBCL was statistically different (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Sampling with ultrasound-guided FNA is of great value to improve the quality of FC specimens. FNA can significantly improve the sensitivity and accuracy of FC diagnosis in R/R DLBCL.

10.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 217: 114727, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182838

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) hold immense potential as disease biomarkers, yet their short lengths and high sequence homology pose unique challenges in detection. Conventional methods such as the gold standard qRT-PCR and other isothermal amplification methods require sophisticated primer designs and use of enzymes which add uncertainties to the assay robustness. In this work, we demonstrate the use of a plug-and-play molecular detection platform, termed split proximity circuit (SPC), to achieve a selectivity comparable to qRT-PCR in differentiating point mutations using several miRNAs as proof-of-concept models. The analytical sensitivity of SPC has been improved by a hundred-fold over our previous work and matches/outperforms the enzyme-free assays reported in the literature by evolving the core signal-generating domains. Key design changes include improved hybridization chain reaction (HCR) hairpin sequences and the incorporation of a turn-on fluorescence signal based on fluorophore-quencher format. The core domains were then kept constant while redesigning the target recognition region to be complementary to various target sequences, all of which yield similar analytical performance. Notably, SPC maintained robust signal recovery with low variance even in complex biological matrices. With its enzyme-free and single room temperature operation, SPC presents a promising platform for quick and easy miRNA quantification.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Biomarcadores , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , DNA , MicroRNAs/análise , MicroRNAs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Mutação Puntual
11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113755, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182735

RESUMO

Tetrastigma Hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg (Sanyeqing, SYQ), a traditional herb native to China, has been widely used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, febrile convulsions and dysentery. Previous studies have demonstrated the hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic effects of polysaccharides from SYQ (SYQP). However, the role of SYQP in acute lung injury (ALI) remained unknown. Our present study aimed to explore the protective effects of SYQP in ALI and explained its underlying mechanism. In vivo, Balb/c mice were intragastrically administered with SYQP and dexamethasone (DXMS) for 14 days which were intratracheally instilled (IT) with LPS at the last day. In vitro, A549 cells were pretreated with SYQP, DXMS or TAK-242, following by LPS stimulation for 24 h. The histopathological results showed that SYQP remarkably alleviated pulmonary macrophage infiltration and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels. Additionally, SYQP evidently suppressed wet/dry (W/D) ratio of lung and white blood cells (WBC) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Moreover, SYQP markedly reduced TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß and COX-2 levels both in vivo and in vitro. Meanwhile, SYQP significantly attenuated oxidative stress through upregulating the levels of SOD and GSH-Px and downregulating the expressions of MDA and LDH in vivo, which was confirmed by in vitro results that SYQP could increase SOD activity and decrease MDA and NO contents. Importantly, a decline in protein expressions of TLR4, COX-2, NF-κB p50, phospho-NF-κB p65 and phospho-IκB-α was detected in vivo and in vitro. Taken together, our results demonstrated that SYQP ameliorated LPS-induced ALI by alleviating inflammation and oxidative stress via attenuating TLR4/COX-2/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , NF-kappa B , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia
12.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 6189-6202, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36312440

RESUMO

Purpose: Procalcitonin and predisposition, infection, response, and organ dysfunction (PIRO) system have high predictive value for the prognosis of critically ill patients. There are few studies on the predictive value of patients with positive blood cultures. The aim of the study was to evaluate risk stratification and sepsis-related mortality in patients with positive blood cultures via procalcitonin (PCT) combined with the PIRO system in emergency departments (ED). Methods: A total of 1074 patients with positive blood cultures were admitted to Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital ED from December 2017 to October 2020. Their serum PCT was recorded, along with a Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS) score, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, and PIRO score to predict the prognosis of septic patients with positive blood culture in terms of ICU (intensive care unit) admission, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) development, and 28-day mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and logistic regression analysis were used to assess the prognostic value of the scoring systems. Results: A total of 978 patients met the inclusion criteria. PCT, MEDS, APACHE II, and PIRO scores were found to independently predict ICU-admission, MODS development, and 28-day mortality (P<0.05), whereas SOFA did not. The AUC values of the PCT, MEDS, APACHE II, and PIRO scores for ICU-admission were 0.620, 0.740, 0.780, and 0.751, respectively. In the prediction of 28-day mortality, the AUC values of PCT, MEDS, APACHE II, and PIRO were 0.782, 0.745, 0.805, and 0.831, respectively. The AUC values combined PCT and PIRO system in predicting MODS and 28-day mortality were better than when predicting ICU-admission. Conclusion: This study indicates that PCT combined with the PIRO scoring system has a higher predictive value and is superior in predicting MODS and 28-day mortality in septic patients with positive blood cultures.

13.
Small ; : e2204912, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266964

RESUMO

The electrochemical conversion reaction, usually featured by multiple redox processes and high specific capacity, holds great promise in developing high-energy rechargeable battery technologies. However, the complete structural change accompanied by spontaneous atomic migration and volume variation during the charge/discharge cycle leads to electrode disintegration and performance degradation, therefore severely restricting the application of conventional conversion-type electrodes. Herein, latticed-confined conversion chemistry is proposed, where the "intercalation-like" redox behavior is realized on the electrode with a "conversion-like" high capacity. By delicately formulating the high-entropy compounds, the pristine crystal structure can be preserved by the inert lattice framework, thus enabling an ultra-high initial Coulombic efficiency of 92.5% and a long cycling lifespan over a thousand cycles after the quasistatic charge-discharge cycle. This lattice-confined conversion chemistry unfolds a ubiquitous insight into the localized redox reaction and sheds light on developing high-performance electrodes toward next-generation high-energy rechargeable batteries.

14.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 933015, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177479

RESUMO

Aging is the continuous degradation of biological function and structure with time, and cellular senescence lies at its core. DNA damage response (DDR) can activate Ataxia telangiectasia-mutated serine/threonine kinase (ATM) and Rad3-related serine/threonine kinase (ATR), after which p53 activates p21, stopping the cell cycle and inducing cell senescence. GATA4 is a transcription factor that plays an important role in the development of many organs, such as the heart, testis, ovary, foregut, liver, and ventral pancreas. Studies have shown that GATA4 can also contribute to the DDR, leading to aging. Consistently, there is also evidence that the GATA4 signaling pathway is associated with aging-related diseases, including atherosclerosis and heart failure. This paper reviews the relationship between GATA4, DDR, and cellular senescence, as well as its effect on aging-related diseases.

15.
Langmuir ; 38(37): 11354-11361, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074906

RESUMO

The recycling of strontium ions (Sr2+) from sea water has been well known for its good cost-effectiveness and environment friendliness. Herein, we modified the surface of TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) prepared by porous titanium anodization via hydrothermal (HT) reaction and synthesized a highly efficient adsorbent for the repeated recycling of Sr2+. TNTs with a high specific surface area were manufactured on porous titanium by internal anodic oxidation. The as-prepared TNTs were treated by HT method to synthesize adsorption materials with a tubular bottom and grass-type top structure loaded with Na+. The surface cracks were eliminated by annealing pretreatment, and the investigation found that the 6 h HT reaction most effectively increased the Na+ content in the adsorbent. The as-synthesized adsorbents (HT-6TNTs) were used to recover Sr2+, and the maximum adsorption efficiency (approximately 100%) and adsorption equilibrium were observed within 10 h. Meanwhile, three consecutive cycles of adsorption experiments proved the uniform behavior of the HT-6TNTs in the reproducible recycling of Sr2+. In addition, by increasing the anodization time of TNTs from 0.5 to 3 h, the maximum adsorption capacity can be increased from 4.68 to 36.15 mg·unit-1, approximately 7.7 times higher.

16.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7822847, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118833

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) combined with eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) on the esteem, anxiety, depression, posttrauma stress disorder (PTSD), and posttraumatic growth in patients with facial trauma. Methods: A total of 92 facial trauma patients in Wenzhou People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 46) and intervention group (n = 46). Both of the control group and the intervention group received routine treatment, while the intervention group further received CBT combined with EMDR. Questionnaires were used to explore and record the general patient information. The Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Self-Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Depression Scale (SDS), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C), Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), and World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief (WHOQOL-BREF) scores between the two groups were compared. Results: After CBT combined with EMDR intervention, the SDS and SAS scores in the intervention group were significantly decreased compared with the scores before intervention with statistically significance (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the PCL-C score in the intervention group showed significant decrease in comparison with the control group (P < 0.001), while the PTGI score in the intervention group was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.001). The WHOQOL-BREF scores were increased after treatment in the two groups compared with the scores before treatment, and the scores in the intervention group were higher than those in the control group after treatment (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Psychological intervention therapy can effectively alleviate the anxiety, depression, and PTSD and improve the life quality and the recovery of facial trauma patients.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Dessensibilização e Reprocessamento através dos Movimentos Oculares , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Movimentos Oculares , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4015-4024, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046890

RESUMO

In this study, the critical quality attributes of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample were explored by using characteristic chromatogram, index component content and dry extract rate as indexes.The dissemination relationship of quantity value between medicinal materials-decoction pieces-reference sample was investigated to preliminarily formulate the quality standard of the reference sample.The characteristic chromatogram of 15 batches of Wuzhuyu Decoction was established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and the similarity analysis was conducted.Common peaks were demarcated and assigned to medicinal materials.Moreover, quantitative determination of limonin, evodiamine, rutaecarpine and ginsenoside Rb_1 of Wuzhuyu Decoction were performed.The dissemination of quantity value was explored combined with dry extract rate, similarity of characteristic chromatogram and transfer rate of index component content.A total of 18 common peaks were identified in the corresponding materials of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample, with the similarity of characteristic chromatogram greater than 0.9, and Fructus Evodiae, Radix Ginseng, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens and Fructus Jujubae contributed 9, 5, 8 and 2 chromatographic peaks, respectively.The index component content of corresponding materials and the transfer rates of medicinal materials-decoction pieces and decoction pieces-reference sample of different batches of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample were as follows: the content of limonin was 0.16%-0.51%, and the transfer rates were 83.66%-115.60% and 38.54%-54.58%, respectively; the content of evodiamine was 0.01%-0.11%, the transfer rated were 80.80%-116.15% and 3.23%-12.93%, respectively; the content of rutaecarpine was 0.01%-0.05%, the transfer rates were 84.33%-134.53% and 5.72%-21.24%, respectively; the content of ginsenoside Rb_1 was 0.06%-0.11%, and the transfer rates were 90.00%-96.92% and 32.45%-67.24%, respectively.The dry extract rate of the whole prescription was 22.58%-29.89%.In this experiment, the dissemination of quantity value of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample was analyzed by the combination of characteristic chromatogram, index component content and dry extract rate.A scientific and stable quality evaluation method of the reference sample was preliminarily established, which provided basis for the subsequent development of Wuzhuyu Decoction and the quality control of related preparations.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ginsenosídeos , Limoninas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ginsenosídeos/análise , Limoninas/análise , Controle de Qualidade
18.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 187(5): 629-636, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070421

RESUMO

Objective: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis may be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the effects of diurnal cortisol features on future CVD remain unclear among patients with hypertension. This study aimed to evaluate the association between diurnal cortisol features and CVD in patients with hypertension. Design and methods: Participants with cortisol rhythm test at baseline in Urumqi Research on Sleep Apnea and Hypertension (UROSAH) in 2011-2013 were enrolled and followed up till 2021. Incident events included coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure. Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the relationship between diurnal cortisol features and incident CVD. Sex-specific and sensitivity analyses were also performed. Results: In total, 2305 hypertensive participants comprised the current analytical sample. During a median follow-up of 7.2 years and 16374.9 person-years, there were 242 incident CVD cases. Multivariable Cox regression showed that steep diurnal cortisol slope (DCS) was significantly associated with decreased CVD risk (per s.d., hazard ratio (HR) = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.77-0.96, P = 0.011). Midnight cortisol was positively associated with an increased CVD risk (per s.d., HR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.08-1.42, P = 0.002). Comparable results were observed in the sensitivity analyses. Neither midnight cortisol nor DCS was associated with incident CVD in the female subgroup. Conclusions: Flatter DCS and higher midnight cortisol levels are associated with an increased risk of CVD in patients with hypertension, especially in men. The detection of diurnal cortisol rhythm may help identify patients with hypertension at high risk of CVD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona , Hipertensão/complicações , Masculino , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal
19.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 418, 2022 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088343

RESUMO

Neuroligins are postsynaptic cell adhesion molecules that are relevant to many neurodevelopmental disorders. They are differentially enriched at the postsynapse and interact with their presynaptic ligands, neurexins, whose differential binding to neuroligins has been shown to regulate synaptogenesis, transmission, and other synaptic properties. The proper functioning of functional networks in the brain depends on the proper connection between neuronal synapses. Impaired synaptogenesis or synaptic transmission results in synaptic dysfunction, and these synaptic pathologies are the basis for many neurodevelopmental disorders. Deletions or mutations in the neuroligins genes have been found in patients with both autism and schizophrenia. It is because of the important role of neuroligins in synaptic connectivity and synaptic dysfunction that studies on neuroligins in the past have mainly focused on their expression in neurons. As studies on the expression of genes specific to various cells of the central nervous system deepened, neuroligins were found to be expressed in non-neuronal cells as well. In the central nervous system, glial cells are the most representative non-neuronal cells, which can also express neuroligins in large amounts, especially astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, and they are involved in the regulation of synaptic function, as are neuronal neuroligins. This review examines the mechanisms of neuron neuroligins and non-neuronal neuroligins in the central nervous system and also discusses the important role of neuroligins in the development of the central nervous system and neurodevelopmental disorders from the perspective of neuronal neuroligins and glial neuroligins.


Assuntos
Neuroglia , Sinapses , Encéfalo , Neurogênese , Neurônios , Sinapses/metabolismo
20.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 927267, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051286

RESUMO

Background: Sitosterolemia is a rare recessive genetic abnormality of hyperlipidemia; it is characterized by increased levels and accumulation of sitosterol in the plasma and local tissues. Case descriptions: The study subjects were two siblings (brother and sister) who had sitosterolemia with systemic multiple xanthomas as the main manifestation. The main clinical manifestations were hypercholesterolemia, premature atherosclerosis, arrhythmia, systemic multiple xanthomas, etc. After genetic testing, it was found that the patients had a compound heterozygous mutation of c.1324+1de1G in exon 7 and exon 9 of chromosome 2p21 of the adenosine triphosphate binding cassette transporter G family member 5(ABCG5) gene; the mutation at c.904+1G>A was of maternal origin, and the mutation at c. 1324+1de1G was of paternal origin. The compound heterozygous mutation of these two genes led to a metabolic disorder of plant sterols in vivo. Conclusion: Sitosterolemia is an autosomal recessive disease that could be effectively controlled after dietary control and oral lipid-lowering therapy with Ezetimibe. Xanthomas, which affects function and appearance, could be surgically removed, and primary wound healing could be achieved.

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