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1.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 14(1): 44-49, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the natural change of nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM), and its association with the progression of refractive error. METHODS: Students of the Beijing Myopia Progression Study were examined at baseline and follow-up examinations, which included cycloplegic autorefraction. Initial NITM and its decay were assessed objectively immediately after binocularly-viewing and performing a sustained 5-minute near task (20 cm). RESULTS: There were 223 students with both NITM and cycloplegic refractive data enrolled. There were 142 myopic (63.7%), 32 emmetropic (14.4%), and 49 hyperopic (22.0%) students according to their baseline cycloplegic refraction. The annual refractive change was -0.45 (-0.73, -0.21) D. From the baseline to the one-year and two-year follow-up periods, the initial NITM (median) increased significantly in the myopic students (0.16, 0.21, and 0.20D, p = 0.01, respectively). The overall proportion of NITM decay types shifted significantly from none being induced at baseline (non-induced: 17.0%, complete decay 57.4%, incomplete decay 25.6%) to incomplete decay at the 2-year follow-up (non-induced: 6.7%, complete decay 65.0%, incomplete decay 28.3%, p = 0.01). For the hyperopic students, after adjusting for risk factors, for every 1 diopter increase in the initial NITM at baseline, there was approximately a -1.48 diopter more relative myopic refractive progression (p = 0.01). No significant association was found between refractive change and the NITM parameters for either the myopic or emmetropic students after adjusting for the same confounders. However, this relation was significant in the hyperopes (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: NITM was only found to be significantly associated with the progression of a myopic refractive shift among the hyperopes


No disponible

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 412: 125212, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524732

RESUMO

This study explored the change of tetracycline degradation efficiency, metabolic pathway, soil physiochemical properties and degraders in vermiremediation by two earthworm species of epigeic Eisenia fetida and endogeic Amynthas robustus. We found a significant acceleration of tetracycline degradation in both earthworm treatments, and 4-epitetracycline dehydration pathway was remarkably enhanced only by vermiremediation. Tetracycline degraders from soils, earthworm intestines and casts were different. Ralstonia and Sphingomonas were potential tetracycline degraders in soils and metabolized tetracycline through direct dehydration pathway. Degraders in earthworm casts (Comamonas, Acinetobacter and Stenotrophomonas) and intestines (Pseudomonas and Arthrobacter) dehydrated 4-epitetracycline into 4-epianhydrotetracycline. More bacterial lineages resisting tetracycline were found in earthworm treatments, indicating the adaptation of soil and intestinal flora under tetracycline pressure. Earthworm amendment primarily enhanced tetracycline degradation by neutralizing soil pH and consuming organic matters, stimulating both direct dehydration and epimerization-dehydration pathways. Our findings proved that vermicomposting with earthworms is effective to alter soil microenvironment and accelerate tetracycline degradation, behaving as a potential approach in soil remediation at tetracycline contaminated sites.

3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 197: 113969, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636646

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that nucleic acid methylation is a critical element in cardiovascular disease, and most studies mainly focused on sequencing and biochemical research. Here we developed an Ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/ MS) method for the quantification analysis of the dissociative epigenetic modified nucleosides (5mdC, 5mrC, m6A) in Myocardial Infarction (MI) SD rats from different periods (1 week, 4 weeks, 8 weeks) after the surgery. The samples for analysis were obtained from heart tissue and blood of the rats. All the quantification results are compared with the sham-operated group. Total RNA and DNA were isolated by enzymatic hydrolytic methods before the UPLC-MS/MS analysis. The statistical analysis demonstrates the dynamic changes of modified nucleosides in MI rats, and it showed good specificity, accuracy, stability and less samples were needed in the method. In this paper, we discovered that the concentration of 5mdC, 5mrC, m6A from heart tissue significantly increased at 8 weeks after the surgery. Furthermore, UPLC-MS/MS helps us observe the similar change of the concentration of those 3 methylated biomarkers in peripheral blood after 8 weeks. The result shows that the dynamic process of those 3 methylated biomarkers in peripheral blood is related to the content of methylated biomarkers from the heart tissue. Based on the scientific evidence available, we proved that the methylation of genetic materials in peripheral blood is similar to myocardial infarction tissue. The relation between them indicates that peripheral blood could be a promising alternative to the heart tissue which monitor the level of methylation and MI diagnosis-aided.

4.
Chemosphere ; 274: 129797, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545586

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GCs), including natural hormones as well as synthetic chemicals, can pose influences on physiological performance, development and reproduction of fish. Dexamethasone (DEX) is a synthetic glucocorticoid widely used as pharmaceutical and usually exists in effluents with varying degrees of concentrations. In this study, adult female mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) were treated by DEX at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 5 and 50 µg/L for 60 days. Morphological parameters of anal fin and skeleton, mRNA expression abundance, and histological alterations of liver were investigated to assess effects of DEX on mosquitofish. The results showed that DEX increased number of sections of ray 3 in anal fin and decreased 16L, 15D and 16D in skeletal parameters, which indicates DEX could potentially lead to weak masculinization. Furthermore, transcriptional expression levels of ARα, ARß, ERß, VTGC and CYP19A genes were notably down-regulated by DEX, which will contribute to weak masculinization in females. In addition, the damage to liver tissue was also induced by DEX. Taken together, this research demonstrated that aquatic environments contaminated by DEX have negative effects on mosquitofish at a population level.

5.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 9, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an important treatment for ovarian cancer. A certain portion of cisplatin exits the body via the perfusate at the end of HIPEC, so full-dose utilization cannot be achieved. Herein, we sought to explore how much cisplatin is actually utilized and its prognostic influence. METHODS: Cisplatin (70 mg/m2) was given at 43 °C for 90 min. The actually utilized dose (AD) of cisplatin was calculated using the following formula: AD (mg) = total dose (TD) (mg)-losing dose (LD) (mg); LD = volume (ml) of the perfusate (VPretained) that was retained in the HIPEC treatment system at the end of HIPEC * concentration of cisplatin in the perfusate (mg/ml). RESULT: Sixty-two ovarian cancer patients were included. The median TD, median LD and median AD were 95 mg, 20.7 mg and 75.8 mg, respectively. The utility rate of cisplatin (AD/TD ratio) was 79.2%. On simple linear regression analysis, the TD and VPretained were found to significantly predict the AD. Based on these two factors, multiple linear regression analysis was conducted, and a significant regression equation was formulated [F (2, 59) = 71.419, P < 0.0001]: predicted AD (mg) = 30.079 + 0.667 TD (mg) - 0.010 VPretained (ml) (adjusted R2 = 0.698). In Cox regression analysis, AD was not noted to be associated with progression free survival or overall survival. CONCLUSION: For ovarian cancer patients who receive cisplatin for HIPEC at 43 °C, the AD of cisplatin can be predicted using a regression equation and it has no prognostic impact.

6.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441318

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the refractive change and incidence of myopia, as well as their risk factors, among Chinese rural children aged 6-17 years. METHODS: Children who completed the baseline vision examination of the Handan Offspring Myopia Study were re-examined, including both cycloplegic and non-cyloplegic autorefraction, with a mean follow-up time of 42.4±1.47 months. RESULTS: A total of 601 children (68.5%) who completed both baseline and the follow-up examinations were enrolled. The cumulative refractive change and axial length change were -0.53±1.03 diopter and 0.39±0.46 mm (-0.15 diopter/year and 0.11 mm/year), respectively. A hundred and five out of the 469 non-myopic children at baseline become myopic at the follow-up, yielding a cumulative myopia incidence of 22.4% (95% CI: 18.6% to 26.2%), or annual myopia incidence of 6.3%. After adjustment, younger age (ß=0.08, p<0.001), more myopic baseline refraction (ß=0.31, p<0.001), larger difference between cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction (ß=-0.20, p=0.007) and more myopic paternal refraction (ß=0.09, p=0.007) were found to be associated with more rapid myopic refractive change. More myopic baseline refraction (relative risk (RR), 95% CI: 0.19, 0.13-0.28, p<0.001) and more myopic paternal refraction (RR, 95% CI: 0.92, 0.84-1.00, p=0.039) were also associated with myopia incidence. CONCLUSION: Relatively low myopic refractive change and myopia incidence were found in this study cohort. Children's refraction and paternal refraction were associated with both myopic refractive change and myopia incidence. Such information will be helpful for further comparisons in other rural versus urban areas of China, and other countries.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2670, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514803

RESUMO

Management of vancomycin administration for intensive care units (ICU) patients remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to describe a population pharmacokinetic model of vancomycin for optimizing the dose regimen for ICU patients. We prospectively enrolled 466 vancomycin-treated patients hospitalized in the ICU, collected trough or approach peak blood samples of vancomycin and recorded corresponding clinical information from July 2015 to December 2017 at Tai Zhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province. The pharmacokinetics of vancomycin was analyzed by nonlinear mixed effects modeling with Kinetica software. Internal and external validation was evaluated by the maximum likelihood method. Then, the individual dosing regimens of the 92 patients hospitalized in the ICU whose steady state trough concentrations exceeded the target range (10-20 µg/ml) were adjusted by the Bayes feedback method. The final population pharmacokinetic model show that clearance rate (CL) of vancomycin will be raised under the conditions of dopamine combined treatment, severe burn status (Burn-S) and increased total body weight (TBW), but reduced under the conditions of increased serum creatinine (Cr) and continuous renal replacement therapy status; Meanwhile, the apparent distribution volume (V) of vancomycin will be enhanced under the terms of increased TBW, however decreased under the terms of increased age and Cr. The population pharmacokinetic parameters (CL and V) according to the final model were 3.16 (95%CI 2.83, 3.40) L/h and 60.71 (95%CI 53.15, 67.46). The mean absolute prediction error for external validation by the final model was 12.61% (95CI 8.77%, 16.45%). Finally, the prediction accuracy of 90.21% of the patients' detected trough concentrations that were distributed in the target range of 10-20 µg/ml after dosing adjustment was found to be adequate. There is significant heterogeneity in the CL and V of vancomycin in ICU patients. The constructed model is sufficiently precise for the Bayesian dose prediction of vancomycin concentrations for the population of ICU Chinese patients.

8.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127878, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182097

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are known to affect the structural and functional damage in the neural system. Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental contaminant that is widely found in numerous environmental matrices and exhibits potential neurotoxic risk. However, it remains unclear how mitochondrial redox status induces, and whether Cd destabilizes, the ER-mitochondria crosstalk to have a toxic effect on the nervous system. Herein, in our present study, bioinformatics analysis revealed an important role of protein interaction and mitochondrial machinery in brain samples from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Furthermore, we established a neurotoxicity model in vivo and in vitro induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2). We demonstrated that CdCl2 exposure disrupts the balance in mitochondrial redox represented by enhanced mitochondrial ROS (mitoROS) levels, which enhance mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) S-glutathionylation and interrupt the mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs) for crosstalk between the ER and mitochondria to induce neuronal necroptosis. Mechanistically, it was shown that CdCl2 exposure significantly enhances the mitochondria-associated degradation (MAD) of Mfn2 via S-glutathionylation, which inhibits Mfn2 localization to the MAMs and subsequently leads to the formation of the RIPK1-RIPK3-p-MLKL complex (a key component of the necrosome) at MAMs, to promote neuronal necroptosis. Furthermore, the glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1) catalyzed and Mfn2 overexpression restored S-glu-Mfn2, MAMs perturbation, necrosome formation, and necroptosis in neurons induced by CdCl2 exposure in vitro. Moreover, the intervention with antioxidants to reduce mitochondrial redox, such as N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) and mitochondria-targeted antioxidant Mito-TEMPO, reduced the S-glutathionylation of Mfn2 involved in the antagonism of CdCl2-induced necroptosis and neurotoxicity in vivo and in vitro. Taken together, our results are the first time to demonstrate that S-glutathionylation of Mfn2 promotes neuronal necroptosis via disruption of ER-mitochondria crosstalk in CdCl2-induced neurotoxicity, providing the novel mechanistic insight into how hazardous chemical-induced adverse effects in various organs and tissues could be interpreted by intraorganellar pathways under the control of MAMs components in neurons.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Necroptose , Animais , Cádmio/metabolismo , Cloreto de Cádmio/farmacologia , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113443, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022344

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chansu, dried secretions from Bufonidae, has long been used for cancer treatment as a traditional Chinese medicine. In searching for effective anti-hepatoma agents from Chansu, our preliminary drug screening found that a bufadienolide, namely 1ß-hydroxyl-arenobufagin (1ß-OH-ABF), displays anti-hepatoma activities. However, the anti-hepatoma effects and molecular mechanisms of 1ß-OH-ABF have not been defined. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the anti-hepatoma activity of 1ß-OH-ABF against liver cancer Hep3B and HepG2 cells in vitro and in vivo, as well as explore the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-proliferative effects of 1ß-OH-ABF on liver cancer Hep3B, HepG2, HuH7, SK-HEP-1 and normal hepatocyte LO2 cells were examined by MTT assay and colony formation assay. Hoechst 33258 staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay were used to analyze apoptosis induced by 1ß-OH-ABF. The collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) was detected by JC-1 staining assay. Western blotting was used to examine the expression levels of targeted proteins. The role of mTOR in 1ß-OH-ABF-induced apoptosis was investigated using small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection. Zebrafish xenograft model was established to evaluate the anti-hepatoma effects of 1ß-OH-ABF in vivo. RESULTS: We found that 1ß-OH-ABF inhibits the proliferation of Hep3B, HepG2, HuH7, SK-HEP-1 cells but has little cytotoxicity towards LO2 cells. 1ß-OH-ABF induces mitochondria dysfunction and triggers mitochondria apoptotic pathway, which is accompanied by the loss of ΔΨm, upregulation and translocation of Bax, as well as cleavages of caspase-9, caspase-3 and PARP. Mechanistically, 1ß-OH-ABF markedly decreases the expression level of p-AKT/AKT and p-mTOR (Ser2248 and Ser2481)/mTOR in a time-dependent manner. Inhibition of mTOR by siRNA strengthens 1ß-OH-ABF-mediated apoptosis. Critically, 1ß-OH-ABF shows a marked in vivo anti-hepatoma effect on human Hep3B cell xenografts in zebrafish model. CONCLUSION: 1ß-OH-ABF induces mitochondrial apoptosis through the suppression of mTOR signaling in vitro and in vivo, indicating that 1ß-OH-ABF may serve as a potential agent for the treatment of liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Bufanolídeos/química , Bufanolídeos/isolamento & purificação , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Peixe-Zebra
10.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 13: 2793-2799, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293880

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the impact of eye exercises of acupoints on myopic progression among Chinese urban students. Methods: The Beijing Myopia Progression Study (BMPS) was a three-year cohort study, with 386 students (aged 6-17 years) enrolled at baseline. These students were invited to be reexamined in the years 2011, 2012, and 2013. The student's cycloplegic refraction at each visit and the parental non-cycloplegic refraction at baseline were performed. Students were also required to complete the eye exercise of acupoints questionnaire and the convergence insufficiency symptom survey (CISS). Results: At the final follow-up, 226 students (57.2%) with complete refraction and eye exercises questionnaire data were enrolled in the present study. In the multivariate analysis, only students who performed the eye exercises twice or more per day had less myopic refractive change (ß=0.32, p=0.04), as compared to those who performed the eye exercises less than twice per day. No significant association was found between the CISS score and the refractive change for items in the eye exercises questionnaire. Conclusion: In this study cohort, the Chinese eye exercises of acupoints had a modest effect on reducing myopic progression among Chinese urban students aged 6 to 17 years. The precise mechanism remains unclear, especially in the absence of a control group.

11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(6): 3818-3829, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly evolved into a global pandemic. The public health systems have consequently been placed under tremendous pressure. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are widely used in patients with cancers. Little is known about the provision of PICCs care amongst cancer patients during this pandemic. METHODS: We studied 156 cancer patients with PICCs treated at the Cancer Center of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2020 and March 2020. Their clinical characteristics, social features, psychological characteristics, and PICCs care situations were analyzed. The chi-squared (χ2) test or Fisher's exact test were used for univariate analyses. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed using stepwise variable selection. Differences were evaluated using a two-tailed test, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Of 156 patients, 57 (36.5%) experienced delays of PICCs care, and 12 (21.1%) suffered from complications including infection, thrombosis, and mechanical failure. Univariate analysis detected that the increased risk of PICCs care delay was associated with older age (≥30), lower level of education (<9 years), working, taking public transport to the hospital, anxiety about COVID-19, lower social support rating scale (SSRS) score (<30). Multivariate analysis detected level of education, being employed or not, mode of transport, and SSRS score were independent predictive factors for the delay in PICCs care. CONCLUSIONS: Physical aspects, social factors, and psychological status commonly influenced patients' health care seeking behaviors such as PICCs maintenance. An increase in effort is required from patients' families and society to assure optimal care for cancer patients during this pandemic.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19549, 2020 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177550

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to have a devastating effect on the health and well-being of the global population. A critical step in the fight against COVID-19 is effective screening of infected patients, with one of the key screening approaches being radiology examination using chest radiography. It was found in early studies that patients present abnormalities in chest radiography images that are characteristic of those infected with COVID-19. Motivated by this and inspired by the open source efforts of the research community, in this study we introduce COVID-Net, a deep convolutional neural network design tailored for the detection of COVID-19 cases from chest X-ray (CXR) images that is open source and available to the general public. To the best of the authors' knowledge, COVID-Net is one of the first open source network designs for COVID-19 detection from CXR images at the time of initial release. We also introduce COVIDx, an open access benchmark dataset that we generated comprising of 13,975 CXR images across 13,870 patient patient cases, with the largest number of publicly available COVID-19 positive cases to the best of the authors' knowledge. Furthermore, we investigate how COVID-Net makes predictions using an explainability method in an attempt to not only gain deeper insights into critical factors associated with COVID cases, which can aid clinicians in improved screening, but also audit COVID-Net in a responsible and transparent manner to validate that it is making decisions based on relevant information from the CXR images. By no means a production-ready solution, the hope is that the open access COVID-Net, along with the description on constructing the open source COVIDx dataset, will be leveraged and build upon by both researchers and citizen data scientists alike to accelerate the development of highly accurate yet practical deep learning solutions for detecting COVID-19 cases and accelerate treatment of those who need it the most.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Torácica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pandemias
14.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(20): 1315, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209895

RESUMO

Background: Non-dominant population, which means patients with advanced non-squamous lung cancer or non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without driver-mutations, who are excluded from clinical studies because of specific baseline conditions refractory to multiple treatments, have poor outcomes. We assessed the activity of pemetrexed first-line treatment for a non-dominant population, explore the safety and efficacy of pemetrexed therapy. Methods: We did this two-phased, single-arm trial at two sites at the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and Guangxi medical university cancer hospital. Pemetrexed 500 mg/m2, static drops on day 1; 21 days for a cycle, each treatment for at least two cycles and up to six cycles. Efficacy was assessed every two cycles. Results: We counted the July 21, 2018 to 2020 on May 31, first diagnosed with IIIb-IV period (American Joint Committee on Cancer eighth edition) no drive genes, non-squamous cell carcinomas, 30 patients with non-small cell lung cancer, the follow-up to July 31, 2020, median follow-up time was 12 months. Most were elderly patients with poor general conditions (96.7% of patients had ECOG scores of 2-3) (median age 66 years). Median duration of maintenance treatment was 6 months. Median progression-free survival was 6.5 months. Median overall survival was 12 months. Patients with performance status =0-2 had a significantly higher median overall survival time (16 months) compared with patients with performance status =3 who had a median overall survival time of 7 months (P=0.001). Most treatment-related adverse events were grade 1 or grade 2. Conclusions: This study is the first to investigate the survival benefit and toxicity tolerance of pemetrexed treatment in non-dominant population in the real world, providing a new therapeutic possibility for those who failed to be enrolled in clinical studies.

15.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(9): 701-707, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106215

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association between diabetic retinopathy (DR) and mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Patients from the Fushun Diabetic Retinopathy Cohort Study (FS-DIRECT), a community-based prospective cohort study conducted in northeast China, were included in this study. The presence and severity of DR were determined by grading fundus photographs according to the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) retinopathy scale. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were recorded using an electronic sphygmomanometer. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured using an iCare rebound tonometer. MOPP was calculated using the formula MOPP = 2/3 [DBP + 1/3 (SBP - DBP)] - IOP. Results: In total, 1,857 patients who had gradable fundus photography and MOPP data were enrolled in this study. Male patients had a higher MOPP than female patients (52.25 ± 8.75 vs. 50.96 ± 8.74 mmHg, P = 0.002). Overall, both male and female patients with any type of DR, non-proliferative DR (NPDR), or non-sight-threatening DR (non-STDR) had significantly higher MOPP relative to patients without DR. Increased MOPP (per 1 mmHg) was in turn associated with the presence of any type of DR [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.03, 95% confidence interval ( CI) : 1.02-1.04], NPDR ( OR= 1.03 95% CI: 1.02-1.04), and non-STDR ( OR= 1.03, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04) after adjusting for confounders. Increased MOPP (per 1 mmHg) was also associated with an increased likelihood of macular edema ( OR= 1.02 , 95% CI: 1.01-1.04). Conclusions: The results suggest that increased MOPP was associated with DR and macular edema in northeastern Chinese patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/epidemiologia , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(5): 3373-3378, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) poses an unprecedented challenge to health and epidemic prevention system, especially the healthcare of patients with cancer. We sought to study the impact of COVID-19 on lung cancer patients in our center. METHODS: We initiated a retrospectively study to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on lung cancer patients in our center, who were accepted for routine anticancer treatment before the epidemic and planned to return to hospital in January and February of 2020. RESULTS: A total of 161 cases of lung cancer were included in the final analysis. As of April 15, 95 patients had delayed their return visit, and 47 cases were finally designated as having delayed admission during the epidemic and having to discontinue or delay their regular anticancer treatments. Of these 47 delayed patients, 33 were evaluated for tumor status using a computed tomography scan, 6 of these 33 cases (18.18%) were diagnosed as progressive disease (PD), and 5 cases did not return for visit. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study investigating impact of COVID-19 on non-COVID-19 lung cancer patients during the pandemic. The study demonstrates the significant impact of the COVID-19 crisis on oncological care, indicating the need for appropriate change of treatment decisions and continued follow-up and psycho-oncological support during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Radioterapia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimiorradioterapia , China , Assistência à Saúde , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Psychol Health ; : 1-13, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the potential mediating influences of meaning in life and quality of life in the relationship of trait mindfulness and depressive symptoms in lung cancer patients. Design: We adopted a cross-sectional design studying a sample of patients with non-small cell lung cancer, aged 20-65 years, and receiving cancer treatments or follow-up care. Main Outcome Measures: The outcome measures included Beck Depression Inventory-II, European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and lung cancer specific complementary measure (EORTC QLQ-LC13), Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, and the meaning in life questionnaire. Results: Among 116 lung cancer patients, 26.72% of them had clinically significant depressive symptoms. The presence of meaning, quality of life (QOL) functioning and symptom distress mediated the relationship of trait mindfulness and depressive symptoms. Multiple mediation analyses found that the presence of meaning in life was the main mediator. Conclusion: The reductions of depressive symptoms might be related to trait mindfulness enhancing lung cancer patients' perceptions of meaning in life. A mindfulness program has the potential to improve depressive symptoms in people with lung cancer.

18.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(16): 2578-2584, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029100

RESUMO

Objective: In 2012, we proposed and described a modified triple incision technique (MTIT) for vulvar cancer patients with locally advanced disease. The MTIT has undergone a series of modifications, and a modified MTIT (M-MTIT) has been developed. The purpose of this study was to introduce the M-MTIT and compare it with the MTIT. Study design: This was a retrospective cohort study. Fifty-seven vulvar cancer patients with clinical stage T2 (≥ 4 cm) or T3 disease were included. Of these patients, 28 underwent the MTIT and 29 underwent the M-MTIT. Data on surgery-related complications and survival outcomes were compared. Results: Patients who were treated with the M-MTIT developed significantly less surgery-related morbidities than patients treated with the MTIT (24.1% vs. 60.7%, P = 0.005). Wound breakdown was the most common complication in our cohort, which occurred less frequently in the M-MTIT group than in the MTIT group (10.3% vs. 35.7%, P = 0.022). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the M-MTIT as an independent predictor of a reduced risk of wound breakdown. The incidence of other complications, including lymphedema, wound infection and cellulitis, was lower in the M-MTIT group than in the MTIT group; however, the differences did not reach statistical significance. The median follow-up time of this study was 33 months. Kaplan-Meier survival graphs did not show significant differences in recurrence-free survival or overall survival between the two groups. Conclusions: The M-MTIT correlates with lower morbidity rates than the MTIT and does not compromise oncological safety. The M-MTIT can be considered a safe and feasible option for vulvar cancer patients with locally advanced disease.

19.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; : 1-5, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862740

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical benefits of intrauterine perfusion with G-CSF in patients undergoing a frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) after at least two previous implantation failures. This was a prospective, randomized, single-blind study. The intervention group received an intrauterine infusion of G-CSF whereas the placebo group was given an intrauterine infusion of physiological saline before embryo transfer. A third (control) group did not receive an intrauterine infusion prior to embryo transfer. The clinical pregnancy rates of both the intervention and placebo group were significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0.05). But the miscarriage rates of the G-CSF were significantly lower than those of the other two groups (p < 0.05). The intrauterine infusion of G-CSF before frozen-thawed embryo transfer significantly reduced miscarriage rates and improve the live birth rates. While intrauterine perfusion with physiological saline did not reduce miscarriage rates.

20.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 407: 115252, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987027

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe disease for which effective drugs are still lacking at present. Forsythia suspensa is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used to relieve respiratory symptoms in China, but its functional mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, forsythoside A (FA), the active constituent of F. suspensa, was studied in the present study. Inflammation models of type II alveolar epithelial MLE-12 cells and BALB/c mice stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were established to explore the effects of FA on ALI and the underlying mechanisms. We found that FA inhibited the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) in LPS-stimulated MLE-12 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, FA decreased the adhesion and migration of monocytes to MLE-12 cells. Furthermore, miR-124 expression was upregulated after FA treatment. The luciferase report assay showed that miR-124 mimic reduced the activity of CCL2 in MLE-12 cells. However, the inhibitory effects of FA on CCL2 expression and monocyte adhesion and migration to MLE-12 cells were counteracted by treatment with a miR-124 inhibitor. Critically, FA ameliorated LPS-induced pathological damage, decreased the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6, and inhibited CCL2 secretion and macrophage infiltration in lungs in ALI mice. Meanwhile, administration of miR-124 inhibitor attenuated the protective effects of FA. The present study suggests that FA attenuates LPS-induced adhesion and migration of monocytes to type II alveolar epithelial cells though upregulating miR-124, thereby inhibiting the expression of CCL2. These findings indicate that the potential application of FA is promising and that miR-124 mimics could also be used in the treatment of ALI.

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