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Proc IEEE Int Conf Comput Vis ; 2021: 4268-4277, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368831


Deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have pushed forward the frontier of super-resolution (SR) research. However, current CNN models exhibit a major flaw: they are biased towards learning low-frequency signals. This bias becomes more problematic for the image SR task which targets reconstructing all fine details and image textures. To tackle this challenge, we propose to improve the learning of high-frequency features both locally and globally and introduce two novel architectural units to existing SR models. Specifically, we propose a dynamic highpass filtering (HPF) module that locally applies adaptive filter weights for each spatial location and channel group to preserve high-frequency signals. We also propose a matrix multi-spectral channel attention (MMCA) module that predicts the attention map of features decomposed in the frequency domain. This module operates in a global context to adaptively recalibrate feature responses at different frequencies. Extensive qualitative and quantitative results demonstrate that our proposed modules achieve better accuracy and visual improvements against state-of-the-art methods on several benchmark datasets.

Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv ; 12265: 66-76, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283212


Electron microscopy (EM) allows the identification of intracellular organelles such as mitochondria, providing insights for clinical and scientific studies. However, public mitochondria segmentation datasets only contain hundreds of instances with simple shapes. It is unclear if existing methods achieving human-level accuracy on these small datasets are robust in practice. To this end, we introduce the MitoEM dataset, a 3D mitochondria instance segmentation dataset with two (30µm)3 volumes from human and rat cortices respectively, 3, 600× larger than previous benchmarks. With around 40K instances, we find a great diversity of mitochondria in terms of shape and density. For evaluation, we tailor the implementation of the average precision (AP) metric for 3D data with a 45× speedup. On MitoEM, we find existing instance segmentation methods often fail to correctly segment mitochondria with complex shapes or close contacts with other instances. Thus, our MitoEM dataset poses new challenges to the field. We release our code and data:

Comput Vis ECCV ; 12363: 103-120, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345257


For large-scale vision tasks in biomedical images, the labeled data is often limited to train effective deep models. Active learning is a common solution, where a query suggestion method selects representative unlabeled samples for annotation, and the new labels are used to improve the base model. However, most query suggestion models optimize their learnable parameters only on the limited labeled data and consequently become less effective for the more challenging unlabeled data. To tackle this, we propose a two-stream active query suggestion approach. In addition to the supervised feature extractor, we introduce an unsupervised one optimized on all raw images to capture diverse image features, which can later be improved by fine-tuning on new labels. As a use case, we build an end-to-end active learning framework with our query suggestion method for 3D synapse detection and mitochondria segmentation in connectomics. With the framework, we curate, to our best knowledge, the largest connectomics dataset with dense synapses and mitochondria annotation. On this new dataset, our method outperforms previous state-of-the-art methods by 3.1% for synapse and 3.8% for mitochondria in terms of region-of-interest proposal accuracy. We also apply our method to image classification, where it outperforms previous approaches on CIFAR-10 under the same limited annotation budget. The project page is