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1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371860

RESUMO

Identification of low muscle mass becomes increasingly relevant due to its prognostic value in cancer patients. In clinical practice, mid-upper arm muscle circumference (MAMC) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) are often used to assess muscle mass. For muscle-mass assessment, computed tomography (CT) is considered as reference standard. We investigated concordance between CT, BIA, and MAMC, diagnostic accuracy of MAMC, and BIA to detect low muscle mass and their relation with the clinical outcome malnutrition provided with the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form (PG-SGA SF). This cross-sectional study included adult patients with advanced esophageal and gastrointestinal cancer. BIA, MAMC, and PG-SGA-SF were performed. Routine CT-scans were used to quantify psoas muscle index (PMI) and skeletal muscle area. Good concordance was found between CTPMI and both BIAFFMI (fat free mass index) (ICC 0.73), and BIAASMI (appendicular skeletal muscle index) (ICC 0.69) but not with MAMC (ICC 0.37). BIAFFMI (94%), BIAASMI (86%), and MAMC (86%) showed high specificity but low sensitivity. PG-SGA-SF modestly correlated with all muscle-mass measures (ranging from -0.17 to -0.43). Of all patients with low muscle mass, 62% were also classified with a PG-SGA-SF score of ≥4 points. Although CT remains the first choice, since both BIA and MAMC are easy to perform by dieticians, they have the potential to be used to detect low muscle mass in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Antropometria/métodos , Impedância Elétrica , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Idoso , Braço/diagnóstico por imagem , Braço/fisiopatologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/complicações , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Desnutrição/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(4): 1783-1799, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314342

RESUMO

AIM: to identify: (1) nursing competencies for FCC in a hospital setting; and (2) to explore perspectives on these competencies among Dutch and Australian professionals including lecturers, researchers, Registered Nurses and policy makers. DESIGN: A multinational cross-sectional study using Q-methodology. METHODS: First, an integrative review was carried out to identify known competencies regarding FCC and to develop the Q-set (search up to July 2018). Second, purposive sampling was used to ensure stakeholder involvement. Third, participants sorted the Q-set using a web-based system between May and August 2019. Lastly, the data were analysed using a by-person factor analysis. The commentaries on the five highest and lowest ranked competencies were thematically analysed. RESULTS: The integrative review identified 43 articles from which 72 competencies were identified. In total 69 participants completed the Q-sorting. We extracted two factors with an explained variance of 24%. The low explained variance hampered labelling. Based on a post-hoc qualitative analysis, four themes emerged from the competencies that were considered most important, namely: (a) believed preconditions for FCC; (b) promote a partnership between nurses, patients and families; (c) be a basic element of nursing; and (d) represent a necessary positive attitude and strong beliefs of the added value of FCC. Three themes appeared from the competencies that were considered least important because they: (a) were not considered a specific nursing competency; (b) demand a multidisciplinary approach; or (c) require that patients and families take own responsibility. CONCLUSIONS: Among healthcare professionals, there is substantial disagreement on which nursing competencies are deemed most important for FCC. IMPACT: Our set of competencies can be used to guide education and evaluate practicing nurses in hospitals. These findings are valuable to consider different views on FCC before implementation of new FCC interventions into nursing practice.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Hospitais , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
3.
Patient ; 13(5): 567-582, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32508005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors' perspectives on a successful return to work (RTW) may not be captured in the common measure of RTW, namely time until RTW. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was therefore to develop an RTW outcome measure that reflects employed cancer survivors' perspectives, with items that could be influenced by an employer, i.e. the Successful Return-To-Work questionnaire for Cancer Survivors (I-RTW_CS), and to assess its construct validity and reproducibility. METHODS: First, three focus groups with cancer survivors (n = 14) were organized to generate issues that may constitute successful RTW. Second, a two-round Delphi study among 108 cancer survivors was conducted to select the most important issues. Construct validity of the I-RTW_CS was assessed using correlations with a single-item measure of successful RTW and the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire for Cancer Survivors (QWLQ-CS; n = 57). Reproducibility (test-retest reliability) was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC; n = 50). RESULTS: Forty-eight issues were generated, of which seven were included: 'enjoyment in work'; 'work without affecting health'; 'confidence of employer without assumptions about work ability'; 'open communication with employer'; 'feeling welcome at work'; 'good work-life balance'; and 'joint satisfaction with the situation (employer and cancer survivor)'. Correlations with single-item successful RTW and QWLQ-CS were 0.58 and 0.85, respectively. The reproducibility showed an ICC of 0.72. CONCLUSIONS: The I-RTW_CS provides an RTW outcome measure that includes cancer survivors' perspectives and weights its items on an individual basis, allowing a more meaningful evaluation of cancer survivors' RTW. This study provides preliminary evidence for its construct validity and reproducibility.

4.
Compr Psychiatry ; 100: 152177, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To prevent negative effects of early-onset psychiatric disorders on children's development, structured diagnostics are needed. However, validated diagnostic instruments (based on DSM-5) for children aged 7 years and younger are scarce. The Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment (DIPA) is a diagnostic interview developed in the USA for measuring 16 psychiatric disorders in young children. The psychometric properties of the American version of the DIPA have been validated. Here we determined the accuracy of the psychometric properties of the Dutch DSM-5 based version of the DIPA for the corresponding population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Psychometric properties of the DSM-5 based version of the DIPA were determined based on a sample of 136 biological, foster, therapeutic foster and adoptive parents of clinically referred children and children involved in a serious accident (aged 1-7 years). In line with the American validation study, we included the following seven DIPA modules: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We administered the DIPA, Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC) and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Analyses were conducted with continuous outcomes (number of symptoms) and categorical outcomes (diagnoses). RESULTS: The Dutch DSM-5 based version of the DIPA showed good internal consistency and interrater reliability with both continuous and categorical variables. The concurrent validity was good; we found a good concordance between the DIPA and corresponding questionnaires on both the symptom and diagnoses level. In addition, the divergence on symptom level between the DIPA and non-corresponding questionnaires was adequate, which indicated adequate divergent validity. Due to a limited number of positive cases, we could not draw conclusions regarding its psychometric properties in the GAD and OCD modules. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows promising initial results regarding the reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the DIPA, that is based on the DSM-5. Therefore, we recommend the use of the DIPA in research and clinical practice.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Entrevista Psicológica , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Psiquiatria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 35(4): 729-737, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate differences between prescribed and recommended protein intake in moderate-preterm (MP) and late-preterm (LP) infants and examine the contribution of the first week's prescribed protein intake to growth until term age. METHODS: Data on intake and anthropometrics were collected retrospectively in 235 preterm infants admitted to our general hospital's neonatal ward: 60 MP (320/7 -336/7 weeks' gestational age) and 175 LP (340/7 -366/7 weeks' gestational age). Differences between prescribed and recommended protein intake during the first postnatal week and z-score change for weight and head circumference (HC) between birth and term age were calculated. Multiple regression was used to evaluate the independent contribution of first week's prescribed protein intake to growth until term age. RESULTS: At day 7, 58% of MP and 19% of LP infants reached recommended protein intake. At term age, mean z-score change was -0.4 for weight and +0.1 for HC. Mean protein intake (g/kg/d) was associated with z-score change of +0.34 (95% CI, 0.14-0.53; P < .001) for weight and +0.25 (95% CI, 0-0.5; P = .03) for HC. Reaching recommended protein intake at day 7 was only independently associated with weight z-score change (+0.22 [95% CI, 0.04-0.41; P = .002]). CONCLUSION: First week's prescribed protein intake does not meet recommended intake. Higher protein intakes in the first postnatal week result in increased weight gain and head growth until term age. Desirability and feasibility of increasing the protein intake need careful consideration and further discussion.


Assuntos
Proteínas na Dieta/análise , Cabeça/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Apoio Nutricional/estatística & dados numéricos , Ganho de Peso , Antropometria , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Apoio Nutricional/normas , Recomendações Nutricionais , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 27(12): 3929-3936, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123795

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine the long-term outcome after the arthroscopic Bankart procedure, in terms of recurrent instability, shoulder function, glenohumeral arthropathy and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Patients who underwent the arthroscopic Bankart procedure between January 1999 and the end of December 2005 were invited to complete a set of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) and visit the hospital for clinical and radiological assessment. PROMs included the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI), the Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and additional questions on shoulder instability and patient satisfaction. Clinical assessment included the apprehension test and the Constant-Murley score. The Samilson-Prieto classification was used to assess arthropathy on standard radiographs. The primary outcome was a re-dislocation that needed reduction. Secondary outcomes in terms of recurrent instability included patient-reported subluxation and a positive apprehension test. RESULTS: Of 104 consecutive patients, 71 patients with a mean follow-up of 13.1 years completed the PROMs, of which 53 patients (55 shoulders) were also available for clinical and radiological assessment. Re-dislocations had occurred in 7 shoulders (9.6%). Subluxations occurred in 23 patients (31.5%) and the apprehension test was positive in 30 (54.5%) of the 55 shoulders examined. Median functional outcomes were 236 for WOSI, 45 for OSIS, and 103 for the normalized Constant-Murley score. Of all 71 patients (73 shoulders), 29 (39.7%) reported being completely satisfied, 33 (45.2%) reported being mostly satisfied and 8 (11%) reported being somewhat satisfied. Glenohumeral arthropathy was observed in 33 (60%) of the shoulders. CONCLUSION: Despite 10% re-dislocations and frequent other signs of recurrent instability, shoulder function and patient satisfaction at 13 years after arthroscopic Bankart repair were good. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Recidiva , Luxação do Ombro/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067646

RESUMO

Poor sleep quality during pregnancy is associated with both antepartum and postpartum depression and adverse birth outcomes. This study evaluated both objective and subjective sleep quality and the effects on the subsequent course of antepartum depressive symptoms in psychiatric patients. This observational explorative study was embedded in an ongoing study focusing on pregnant women with a mental disorder and was performed in 18 patients (24-29 weeks pregnant). Depressive symptoms were assessed throughout pregnancy using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) with 5-week intervals. Sleep was assessed with actigraphy, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and sleep diaries at the start of the study. We studied correlations between sleep parameters and EPDS scores cross-sectionally using Spearman correlation. Next, we studied the course of antepartum EPDS scores over time per sleep parameter using generalized linear mixed modelling analysis. Objectively measured fragmentation index, total PSQI score and 4 PSQI subscales (sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunctions) were significantly correlated with EPDS scores when measured cross-sectionally at the start. Six objectively and subjectively measured sleep parameters had moderate to large effects on the course of depressive symptoms through the third trimester, but these effects were not statistically significant. More research is necessary to explore the causality of the direction between sleep problems and antepartum depressive symptoms we found in psychiatric patients.


Assuntos
Depressão , Transtornos Mentais , Gestantes/psicologia , Sono , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
8.
Eur J Pediatr ; 178(4): 473-481, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30637468

RESUMO

This multicenter prospective cohort study describes the impact of human parechovirus meningitis on gross-motor neurodevelopment of young children. Gross-motor function was measured using Alberta Infant Motor Scale. Of a total of 38 eligible children < 10 months of age at onset, nine cases had clinical evidence of meningitis and polymerase chain reaction positive for human parechovirus in cerebrospinal fluid; 11 had no meningitis and polymerase chain reaction positive for human parechovirus in nasopharyngeal aspirate, blood, urine, or feces; and in 18, no pathogen was identified (reference group).The children with human parechovirus meningitis showed more frequent albeit not statistically significant suspect gross-motor function delay (mean Z-score (standard deviation) - 1.69 (1.05)) than children with human parechovirus infection-elsewhere (- 1.38 (1.51)). The reference group did not fall in the range of suspect gross-motor function delay (- 0.96 (1.07)). Adjustment for age at onset and maternal education did not alter the results.Conclusion: Six months after infection, children with human parechovirus meningitis showed more frequent albeit not statistically significant suspect gross-motor function delay compared to the population norm and other two groups. Longitudinal studies in larger samples and longer follow-up periods are needed to confirm the impact and persistence of human parechovirus meningitis on neurodevelopment in young children. What is Known: • Human parechovirus is progressively becoming a major viral cause of meningitis in children. • There is keen interest in the development of affected infants with human parechovirus meningitis. What is New: • This study describes prospectively gross-motor functional delay in children with both clinical evidence of meningitis and polymerase chain reaction positive for human parechovirus in cerebrospinal fluid. • It shows the importance of screening young children for developmental delay in order to refer those with delay for early intervention to maximize their developmental potential.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/etiologia , Meningite Viral/complicações , Infecções por Picornaviridae/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Meningite Viral/fisiopatologia , Parechovirus , Infecções por Picornaviridae/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
9.
J Child Adolesc Trauma ; 12(1): 23-29, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32318176

RESUMO

Resource parents are often insufficiently prepared for recognizing and managing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in their traumatized foster children, which can put a successful foster placement at risk. The Resource Parent Curriculum (RPC) developed by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network is designed to increase resource parents' sensitivity towards child PTSS. This study explores the effect of the RPC on resource parents' recognition of child PTSS, resource parents' perceived upbringing stress in caring for their foster child, and child PTSS before entering the RPC (T0), after completing the RPC (T1) and at six-month follow-up (T2). Results (n = 108) show an increase in recognition of child PTSS and a decrease in resource parents' experienced upbringing stress and child PTSS over time. Findings suggest that the RPC increases resource parents' trauma sensitivity. However, child PTSS severity remains high. To address foster children's PTSS, child trauma-focused treatment appears needed in addition to the RPC.

10.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(4): E248-E254, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of PMA measurement for mortality. BACKGROUND: Current surgical risk stratification have limited predictive value in the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) population. In TAVI workup, a CT scan is routinely performed but body composition is not analyzed. Psoas muscle area (PMA) reflects a patient's global muscle mass and accordingly PMA might serve as a quantifiable frailty measure. METHODS: Multi-slice computed tomography scans (between 2010 and 2016) of 583 consecutive TAVI patients were reviewed. Patients were divided into equal sex-specific tertiles (low, mid, and high) according to an indexed PMA. Hazard ratios (HR) and their confidence intervals (CI) were determined for cardiac and all-cause mortality after TAVI. RESULTS: Low iPMA was associated with cardiac and all-cause mortality in females. One-year adjusted cardiac mortality HR in females for mid-iPMA and high-iPMA were 0.14 [95%CI, 0.05-0.45] and 0.40 [95%CI, 0.15-0.97], respectively. Similar effects were observed for 30-day and 2-years cardiac and all-cause mortality. In females, adding iPMA to surgical risk scores improved the predictive value for 1-year mortality. C-statistics changed from 0.63 [CI = 0.54-0.73] to 0.67 [CI: 0.58-0.75] for EuroSCORE II and from 0.67 [CI: 0.59-0.77] to 0.72 [CI: 0.63-0.80] for STS-PROM. CONCLUSIONS: Particularly in females, low iPMA is independently associated with an higher all-cause and cardiac mortality. Prospective studies should confirm whether PMA or other body composition parameters should be extracted automatically from CT-scans to include in clinical decision making and outcome prediction for TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Composição Corporal , Fragilidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Músculos Psoas/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Músculos Psoas/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sarcopenia/mortalidade , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Pain Res Manag ; 2018: 3046235, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29854036

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The assessment of locus of control forms an important part of headache treatment, and there is need to adapting them to the Dutch population. Methods: Forward-backward translation was used to obtain the Headache-Specific Locus of Control Scale-Dutch Version (HSLC-DV). The response of 87 participants with migraine, tension-type headache, and cervicogenic headache, aged between 18 and 55 years (75% female), is used. Test-retest reliability was measured by intraclass correlations. Construct validity was assessed by correlations with corresponding domains of the Pain Coping and Cognition List (PCCL) and by confirmation of known groups hypotheses. Structural validity was evaluated by factor analysis (principal axis factoring). Results: The intraclass correlations for the External, Internal, and Chance domains were 0.79, 0.89, and 0.73, respectively. Internal consistencies for domains exceeded 0.73 and were similar to those observed in the original study. Convergent correlations were as expected and three of the seven known groups hypotheses were confirmed. Structural validity was supported by results of the factor analysis that matched the proposed structure of the original instrument. Conclusions: The HSLC-DV is a valid and reliable questionnaire for measuring the locus of control.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Medição da Dor/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Transtornos da Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
12.
Endoscopy ; 50(2): 98-108, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28934822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Sealing esophageal leaks by stent placement allows healing in 44 % - 94 % of patients. We aimed to develop a prediction rule to predict the chance of successful stent therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, patients with benign upper gastrointestinal leakage treated with stent placement were included. We used logistic regression analysis including four known clinical predictors of stent therapy outcome. The model performance to predict successful stent therapy was evaluated in an independent validation sample. RESULTS: We included etiology, location, C-reactive protein, and size of the leak as clinical predictors. The model was estimated from 145 patients (derivation sample), and 59 patients were included in the validation sample. Stent therapy was successful in 55.9 % and 67.8 % of cases, respectively. The predicted probability of successful stent therapy was significantly higher in success patients compared with failure patients in both the derivation (P < 0.001) and validation (P < 0.001) samples. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 74.1 % in the derivation sample and 84.7 % in the validation sample. When the model predicted ≥ 70 % chance of success, the positive predictive value was 79 % in the derivation sample and 87 % in the validation sample. When the model predicted ≤ 50 % chance of success, the negative predictive value was 64 % and 86 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This prediction rule, consisting of four clinical predictors, could identify patients with esophageal leaks who were likely to benefit from or fail on stent therapy. The prediction rule can support clinical decision-making when the predicted probability of success is ≥ 70 % or ≤ 50 %.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Fístula Esofágica/cirurgia , Perfuração Esofágica/cirurgia , Esôfago/cirurgia , Stents , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Fístula Esofágica/diagnóstico , Perfuração Esofágica/diagnóstico , Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 59(9): 919-925, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28555780

RESUMO

AIM: To describe the development of the parent-rated Hand-Use-at-Home questionnaire (HUH) assessing the amount of spontaneous use of the affected hand in children with unilateral paresis, and to test its internal structure, unidimensionality, and validity. METHOD: Parents of children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP) and professionals participated in the development of the HUH. To examine internal validity, data of 322 children (158 males, 164 females; mean age 6y 7mo, standard deviation [SD] 2y 1mo) with unilateral CP (n=131) or neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) (n=191) were collected. Rasch analysis was used to examine discriminative capacity of the 5-category rating scale as well as unidimensionality and hierarchy of the item set. Additionally, data of 55 children with typical development (24 males, 31 females; 6y 9mo, SD 2y 5mo) were used to examine construct validity. RESULTS: The 5-category rating scale was disordered in all items and was collapsed to obtain the best discriminating sum score. Ten misfitting or redundant items were removed. Eighteen hierarchically ordered bimanual items fitted the unidimensional model within acceptable range. The HUH significantly discriminated between the three groups (children with typical development, NBPP, unilateral CP; H(2) =118.985, p<0.001), supporting its construct validity. INTERPRETATION: The HUH is a valid instrument to assess the amount of spontaneous use of the affected hand in children with unilateral upper-limb paresis.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Lateralidade Funcional , Mãos , Paresia/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/diagnóstico , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial/fisiopatologia , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Paresia/fisiopatologia , Psicometria
14.
J Child Fam Stud ; 26(5): 1491-1503, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28458502

RESUMO

Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care for Preschoolers (MTFC-P) has thus far only been tested for diminishing behavior problems in the US. This study tested relative efficacy of MTFC-P on multiple outcomes against treatment as usual in the Netherlands (TAU; Study I), and regular foster care (Study II). The sample included 55 children that received MTFC-P, 23 children received TAU and 30 children from regular foster care (RFC). Changes in behavioral and relationship functioning, trauma symptoms, hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary (HPA-) axis functioning, and caregiving stress were assessed via questionnaires, interviews, and salivary cortisol. Outcomes of Study I were evaluated using a randomized controlled design and quasi-experimental design, outcomes of Study II according to non-equivalent group comparison. No evidence was found for relative efficacy of MTFC-P over TAU. A treatment effect was found on trauma symptoms, in favor of TAU. Outcomes of Study II revealed that whereas caregiving stress and secure base distortions were significantly more severe at baseline in MTFC-P compared to RFC, post treatment differences were no longer significant. However, percentages of symptoms of disinhibited attachment and attachment disorder were nearly equal between groups at baseline, while post treatment percentages indicated significantly more symptoms in MTFC. In addition, results revealed a significant difference in the severity of externalizing problems post treatment, in favor of RFC. The results obtained within this study indicate that children in MTFC-P and usual treatment foster care in the Dutch context improved similarly, thus not showing the same advantages that MTFC-P has demonstrated in the US. Results should be interpreted with caution due to lower than planned power. Findings underscore the challenges of testing novel treatments across contexts with highly different child welfare provisions.

15.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 37(1): 65-71, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28005681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although rehabilitation after treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was found to have a beneficial effect on exercise capacity in a number of studies, insight into its effect on quality of life (QoL) and fatigue is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the outcome of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) regarding fatigue, QoL, and exercise capacity in adult patients curatively treated for NSCLC stages I to IIIa. METHODS: Study data were prospectively and routinely gathered in daily practice in patients taking part in an outpatient PR program after treatment for NSCLC stages I to IIIa. PR consisted of 12 weeks of supervised exercises 3 times a week, supplemented with scheduled visits with members of a multidisciplinary team. Data were gathered at initial assessment and discharge. Outcomes included fatigue (the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue and the fatigue domain of the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire); QoL (total CRQ score), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lung, and the Short Form 36; and exercise capacity (cardiopulmonary exercise testing). RESULTS: Fifty patients started the program out of the 70 patients referred to PR and 43 (86%) completed the program. Significant (P ≤ .01) and clinically relevant improvements were observed for all outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: Rehabilitation after treatment for NSCLC stages I to IIIa showed promising improvements regarding patient fatigue, QoL, and exercise capacity. PR should be considered for patients after treatment for NSCLC stages I to IIIa.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Fadiga/reabilitação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/reabilitação , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 68(19): 2047-2055, 2016 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27810043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (TV-ICDs) improve survival in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death, but complications remain an important drawback. The subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) was developed to overcome lead-related complications. Comparison of clinical outcomes of both device types in previous studies was hampered by dissimilar patient characteristics. OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study compares long-term clinical outcomes of S-ICD and TV-ICD therapy in a propensity-matched cohort. METHODS: The authors analyzed 1,160 patients who underwent S-ICD or TV-ICD implantation in 2 high-volume hospitals in the Netherlands. Propensity matching for 16 baseline characteristics, including diagnosis, yielded 140 matched pairs. Clinical outcomes were device-related complications requiring surgical intervention, appropriate and inappropriate ICD therapy, and were reported as 5-year Kaplan-Meier rate estimates. RESULTS: All 16 baseline characteristics were balanced in the matched cohort of 140 patients with S-ICDs and 140 patients with TV-ICDs (median age 41 years [interquartile range: 30 to 52 years] and 40% women). The complication rate was 13.7% in the S-ICD group versus 18.0% in the TV-ICD group (p = 0.80). The infection rate was 4.1% versus 3.6% in the TV-ICD groups (p = 0.36). Lead complications were lower in the S-ICD arm compared with the TV-ICD arm, 0.8% versus 11.5%, respectively (p = 0.03). S-ICD patients had more nonlead-related complications than TV-ICD patients, 9.9% versus 2.2%, respectively (p = 0.047). Appropriate ICD intervention (antitachycardia pacing and shocks) occurred more often in the TV-ICD group (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.42; p = 0.01). The incidence of appropriate (TV-ICD HR: 1.46; p = 0.36) and inappropriate shocks (TV-ICD HR: 0.85; p = 0.64) was similar. CONCLUSIONS: The complication rate in patients implanted with an S-ICD or TV-ICD was similar, but their nature differed. The S-ICD reduced lead-related complications significantly, at the cost of nonlead-related complications. Rates of appropriate and inappropriate shocks were similar between the 2 groups.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Adulto , Idoso , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Phys Ther ; 96(10): 1658-1666, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27081202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) stays often lead to reduced physical functioning. Change in physical functioning in patients in the ICU is inadequately assessed through available instruments. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI), developed to assess mobility in elderly hospitalized patients, is promising for use in patients who are critically ill. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinimetric properties of the DEMMI for patients in the ICU. DESIGN: A prospective, observational reliability and validity study was conducted. METHODS: To evaluate interrater and intrarater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficients), patients admitted to the ICU were assessed with the DEMMI during and after ICU stay. Validity was evaluated by correlating the DEMMI with the Barthel Index (BI), the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (Katz ADL), and manual muscle testing (MMT). Feasibility was evaluated based on the percentage of participants in which the DEMMI could be assessed, the floor and ceiling effects, and the number of adverse events. RESULTS: One hundred fifteen participants were included (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II [APACHE II] mean score=15.2 and Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment [SOFA] mean score=7). Interrater reliability was .93 in the ICU and .97 on the wards, whereas intrarater reliability during the ICU stay was .68. Validity (Spearman rho coefficient) during the ICU stay was .56, -.45, and .57 for the BI, Katz ADL, and MMT, respectively. The DEMMI showed low floor and ceiling effects (2.6%) during and after ICU discharge. There were no major adverse events. LIMITATIONS: Rapid changes in participants' health status may have led to underestimation of intrarater reliability. CONCLUSION: The DEMMI was found to be clinically feasible, reliable, and valid for measuring mobility in an ICU population. Therefore, the DEMMI should be considered a preferred instrument for measuring mobility in patients during and after their ICU stay.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal , Avaliação da Deficiência , Avaliação Geriátrica , Limitação da Mobilidade , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
Head Neck ; 38(1): 102-10, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25224150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures evaluating shoulder disability after neck dissection have not been sufficiently validated. We assessed the psychometric properties of the Shoulder Disability Questionnaire (SDQ), Neck Dissection Impairment Index (NDII), and the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) in patients after neck dissection. METHODS: One hundred seven patients completed the SDQ, NDII, and SPADI on 4 occasions over 6 months, and underwent physical examination. We assessed internal consistency, test-retest reliability, clinical and construct validity, and responsiveness to change. The possibility of combining the NDII and SPADI items into a single scale was explored by Rasch analysis. RESULTS: All questionnaires exhibited good reliability and validity. We were successful in fitting a Rasch model to the data. CONCLUSION: The results support the suitability of the SDQ, NDII, and the SPADI for use in neck dissection patients. Combining the SPADI and NDII in a single Rasch scale improves item difficulty distribution but reduces variability and discriminative ability.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Esvaziamento Cervical/efeitos adversos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Países Baixos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dor de Ombro/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia
20.
Br J Sports Med ; 50(19): 1192-9, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26511003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, there is no validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for patients with medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). AIM: Our aim was to select and validate previously generated items and create a valid, reliable and responsive PROM for patients with MTSS: the MTSS score. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed in multiple sports medicine, physiotherapy and military facilities in the Netherlands. Participants with MTSS filled out the previously generated items for the MTSS score on 3 occasions. From previously generated items, we selected the best items. We assessed the MTSS score for its validity, reliability and responsiveness. RESULTS: The MTSS score was filled out by 133 participants with MTSS. Factor analysis showed the MTSS score to exhibit a single-factor structure with acceptable internal consistency (α=0.58) and good test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.81). The MTSS score ranges from 0 to 10 points. The smallest detectable change in our sample was 0.69 at the group level and 4.80 at the individual level. Construct validity analysis showed significant moderate-to-large correlations (r=0.34-0.52, p<0.01). Responsiveness of the MTSS score was confirmed by a significant relation with the global perceived effect scale (ß=-0.288, R(2)=0.21, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The MTSS score is a valid, reliable and responsive PROM to measure the severity of MTSS. It is designed to evaluate treatment outcomes in clinical studies.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Estresse Tibial Medial/diagnóstico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Musculoesquelética/diagnóstico , Países Baixos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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