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1.
Am J Hum Genet ; 105(5): 1040-1047, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630789

RESUMO

Variants in genes encoding ribosomal proteins have thus far been associated with Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a rare inherited bone marrow failure, and isolated congenital asplenia. Here, we report one de novo missense variant and three de novo splice variants in RPL13, which encodes ribosomal protein RPL13 (also called eL13), in four unrelated individuals with a rare bone dysplasia causing severe short stature. The three splice variants (c.477+1G>T, c.477+1G>A, and c.477+2 T>C) result in partial intron retention, which leads to an 18-amino acid insertion. In contrast to observations from Diamond-Blackfan anemia, we detected no evidence of significant pre-rRNA processing disturbance in cells derived from two affected individuals. Consistently, we showed that the insertion-containing protein is stably expressed and incorporated into 60S subunits similar to the wild-type protein. Erythroid proliferation in culture and ribosome profile on sucrose gradient are modified, suggesting a change in translation dynamics. We also provide evidence that RPL13 is present at high levels in chondrocytes and osteoblasts in mouse growth plates. Taken together, we show that the identified RPL13 variants cause a human ribosomopathy defined by a rare skeletal dysplasia, and we highlight the role of this ribosomal protein in bone development.

2.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591517

RESUMO

The HoxD cluster is critical for vertebrate limb development. Enhancers located in both the telomeric and centromeric gene deserts flanking the cluster regulate the transcription of HoxD genes. In rare patients, duplications, balanced translocations or inversions misregulating HOXD genes are responsible for mesomelic dysplasia of the upper and lower limbs. By aCGH, whole-genome mate-pair sequencing, long-range PCR and fiber fluorescent in situ hybridization, we studied patients from two families displaying mesomelic dysplasia limited to the upper limbs. We identified microduplications including the HOXD cluster and showed that microduplications were in an inverted orientation and inserted between the HOXD cluster and the telomeric enhancers. Our results highlight the existence of an autosomal dominant condition consisting of isolated ulnar dysplasia caused by microduplications inserted between the HOXD cluster and the telomeric enhancers. The duplications likely disconnect the HOXD9 to HOXD11 genes from their regulatory sequences. This presumptive loss-of-function may have contributed to the phenotype. In both cases, however, these rearrangements brought HOXD13 closer to telomeric enhancers, suggesting that the alterations derive from the dominant-negative effect of this digit-specific protein when ectopically expressed during the early development of forearms, through the disruption of topologically associating domain structure at the HOXD locus.

3.
Hum Mutat ; 40(11): 1993-2000, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230393

RESUMO

Human retrocopies, that is messenger RNA transcripts benefitting from the long interspersed element 1 machinery for retrotransposition, may have specific consequences for genomic testing. Next genetration sequencing (NGS) techniques allow the detection of such mobile elements but they may be misinterpreted as genomic duplications or be totally overlooked. We report eight observations of retrocopies detected during diagnostic NGS analyses of targeted gene panels, exome, or genome sequencing. For seven cases, while an exons-only copy number gain was called, read alignment inspection revealed a depth of coverage shift at every exon-intron junction where indels were also systematically called. Moreover, aberrant chimeric read pairs spanned entire introns or were paired with another locus for terminal exons. The 8th retrocopy was present in the reference genome and thus showed a normal NGS profile. We emphasize the existence of retrocopies and strategies to accurately detect them at a glance during genetic testing and discuss pitfalls for genetic testing.

4.
Blood ; 132(5): 469-483, 2018 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29891534

RESUMO

Chuvash polycythemia is an autosomal recessive form of erythrocytosis associated with a homozygous p.Arg200Trp mutation in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene. Since this discovery, additional VHL mutations have been identified in patients with congenital erythrocytosis, in a homozygous or compound-heterozygous state. VHL is a major tumor suppressor gene, mutations in which were first described in patients presenting with VHL disease, which is characterized by the development of highly vascularized tumors. Here, we identify a new VHL cryptic exon (termed E1') deep in intron 1 that is naturally expressed in many tissues. More importantly, we identify mutations in E1' in 7 families with erythrocytosis (1 homozygous case and 6 compound-heterozygous cases with a mutation in E1' in addition to a mutation in VHL coding sequences) and in 1 large family with typical VHL disease but without any alteration in the other VHL exons. In this study, we show that the mutations induced a dysregulation of VHL splicing with excessive retention of E1' and were associated with a downregulation of VHL protein expression. In addition, we demonstrate a pathogenic role for synonymous mutations in VHL exon 2 that altered splicing through E2-skipping in 5 families with erythrocytosis or VHL disease. In all the studied cases, the mutations differentially affected splicing, correlating with phenotype severity. This study demonstrates that cryptic exon retention and exon skipping are new VHL alterations and reveals a novel complex splicing regulation of the VHL gene. These findings open new avenues for diagnosis and research regarding the VHL-related hypoxia-signaling pathway.

5.
Am J Hum Genet ; 102(1): 133-141, 2018 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29304371

RESUMO

Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are acquired cerebrovascular abnormalities characterized by localized dilation and wall thinning in intracranial arteries, possibly leading to subarachnoid hemorrhage and severe outcome in case of rupture. Here, we identified one rare nonsense variant (c.1378A>T) in the last exon of ANGPTL6 (Angiopoietin-Like 6)-which encodes a circulating pro-angiogenic factor mainly secreted from the liver-shared by the four tested affected members of a large pedigree with multiple IA-affected case subjects. We showed a 50% reduction of ANGPTL6 serum concentration in individuals heterozygous for the c.1378A>T allele (p.Lys460Ter) compared to relatives homozygous for the normal allele, probably due to the non-secretion of the truncated protein produced by the c.1378A>T transcripts. Sequencing ANGPTL6 in a series of 94 additional index case subjects with familial IA identified three other rare coding variants in five case subjects. Overall, we detected a significant enrichment (p = 0.023) in rare coding variants within this gene among the 95 index case subjects with familial IA, compared to a reference population of 404 individuals with French ancestry. Among the 6 recruited families, 12 out of 13 (92%) individuals carrying IA also carry such variants in ANGPTL6, versus 15 out of 41 (37%) unaffected ones. We observed a higher rate of individuals with a history of high blood pressure among affected versus healthy individuals carrying ANGPTL6 variants, suggesting that ANGPTL6 could trigger cerebrovascular lesions when combined with other risk factors such as hypertension. Altogether, our results indicate that rare coding variants in ANGPTL6 are causally related to familial forms of IA.

6.
Bioinformatics ; 34(7): 1224-1225, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29186339

RESUMO

Motivation: Reformatting and filtering bioinformatics files are common tasks for bioinformaticians. Standard Linux tools and specific programs are usually used to perform such tasks but there is still a gap between using these tools and the programming interface of some existing libraries. Results: In this study, we developed a set of tools namely bioalcidae, samjs and vcffilterjs that reformat or filter files using a JavaScript engine or a pure java expression and taking advantage of the java API for high-throughput sequencing data (htsjdk). Availability and implementation: https://github.com/lindenb/jvarkit. Contact: pierre.lindenbaum@univ-nantes.fr.

7.
Hum Gene Ther Methods ; 28(3): 148-162, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28463571

RESUMO

Recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors have proven excellent tools for the treatment of many genetic diseases and other complex diseases. However, the illegitimate encapsidation of DNA contaminants within viral particles constitutes a major safety concern for rAAV-based therapies. Moreover, the development of rAAV vectors for early-phase clinical trials has revealed the limited accuracy of the analytical tools used to characterize these new and complex drugs. Although most published data concerning residual DNA in rAAV preparations have been generated by quantitative PCR, we have developed a novel single-strand virus sequencing (SSV-Seq) method for quantification of DNA contaminants in AAV vectors produced in mammalian cells by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Here, we describe the adaptation of SSV-Seq for the accurate identification and quantification of DNA species in rAAV stocks produced in insect cells. We found that baculoviral DNA was the most abundant contaminant, representing less than 2.1% of NGS reads regardless of serotype (2, 8, or rh10). Sf9 producer cell DNA was detected at low frequency (≤0.03%) in rAAV lots. Advanced computational analyses revealed that (1) baculoviral sequences close to the inverted terminal repeats preferentially underwent illegitimate encapsidation, and (2) single-nucleotide variants were absent from the rAAV genome. The high-throughput sequencing protocol described here enables effective DNA quality control of rAAV vectors produced in insect cells, and is adapted to conform with regulatory agency safety requirements.


Assuntos
Dependovirus/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Animais , Baculoviridae/genética , Contaminação por DNA , Células HEK293 , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/normas , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de DNA/normas , Células Sf9 , Spodoptera
8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 5(6)2016 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27287695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac arrhythmia associated with high risk of sudden death. Although 20% of patients with Brugada syndrome carry mutations in SCN5A, the molecular mechanisms underlying this condition are still largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We combined whole-exome sequencing and linkage analysis to identify the genetic variant likely causing Brugada syndrome in a pedigree for which SCN5A mutations had been excluded. This approach identified 6 genetic variants cosegregating with the Brugada electrocardiographic pattern within the pedigree. In silico gene prioritization pointed to 1 variant residing in KCNAB2, which encodes the voltage-gated K(+) channel ß2-subunit (Kvß2-R12Q). Kvß2 is widely expressed in the human heart and has been shown to interact with the fast transient outward K(+) channel subunit Kv4.3, increasing its current density. By targeted sequencing of the KCNAB2 gene in 167 unrelated patients with Brugada syndrome, we found 2 additional rare missense variants (L13F and V114I). We then investigated the physiological effects of the 3 KCNAB2 variants by using cellular electrophysiology and biochemistry. Patch-clamp experiments performed in COS-7 cells expressing both Kv4.3 and Kvß2 revealed a significant increase in the current density in presence of the R12Q and L13F Kvß2 mutants. Although biotinylation assays showed no differences in the expression of Kv4.3, the total and submembrane expression of Kvß2-R12Q were significantly increased in comparison with wild-type Kvß2. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, our results indicate that Kvß2 dysfunction can contribute to the Brugada electrocardiographic pattern.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Brugada/genética , Mutação com Ganho de Função/genética , Canais de Potássio de Abertura Dependente da Tensão da Membrana/genética , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética , Linhagem , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Canais de Potássio Shal/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
9.
Int J Cardiol ; 207: 349-58, 2016 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26820365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progressive cardiac conduction disease (PCCD) is one of the most common cardiac conduction disturbances. It has been causally related to rare mutations in several genes including SCN5A, SCN1B, TRPM4, LMNA and GJA5. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, by applying targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) in 95 unrelated patients with PCCD, we have identified 13 rare variants in the TRPM4 gene, two of which are currently absent from public databases. This gene encodes a cardiac calcium-activated cationic channel which precise role and importance in cardiac conduction and disease is still debated. One novel variant, TRPM4-p.I376T, is carried by the proband of a large French 4-generation pedigree. Systematic familial screening showed that a total of 13 family members carry the mutation, including 10 out of the 11 tested affected individuals versus only 1 out of the 21 unaffected ones. Functional and biochemical analyses were performed using HEK293 cells, in whole-cell patch-clamp configuration and Western blotting. TRPM4-p.I376T results in an increased current density concomitant to an augmented TRPM4 channel expression at the cell surface. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first extensive NGS-based screening of TRPM4 coding variants in patients with PCCD. It reports the third largest pedigree diagnosed with isolated Progressive Familial Heart Block type I and confirms that this subtype of PCCD is caused by mutation-induced gain-of-expression and function of the TRPM4 ion channel.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Marcação de Genes/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Bloqueio Cardíaco/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença do Sistema de Condução Cardíaco , Criança , Feminino , Variação Genética/genética , Células HEK293 , Bloqueio Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem
10.
Hum Mutat ; 37(4): 354-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26751395

RESUMO

A rare syndromic form of intellectual disability with impaired speech was recently found associated with mutations in CHAMP1 (chromosome alignment-maintaining phosphoprotein 1), the protein product of which is directly involved in microtubule-kinetochore attachment. Through whole-exome sequencing in six unrelated nonconsanguineous families having a sporadic case of intellectual disability, we identified six novel de novo truncating mutations in CHAMP1: c.1880C>G p.(Ser627*), c.1489C>T; p.(Arg497*), c.1876_1877delAG; p.(Ser626Leufs*4), c.1043G>A; p.(Trp348*), c.1002G>A; p.(Trp334*), and c.958_959delCC; p.(Pro320*). Our clinical observations confirm the phenotypic homogeneity of the syndrome, which represents therefore a distinct clinical entity. Besides, our functional studies show that CHAMP1 protein variants are delocalized from chromatin and are unable to bind to two of its direct partners, POGZ and HP1. These data suggest a pathogenic mechanism of the CHAMP1-associated intellectual disability syndrome mediated by direct interacting partners of CHAMP1, several of which are involved in chromo/kinetochore-related disorders.


Assuntos
Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Alelos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exoma , Facies , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Masculino , Fenótipo , Síndrome
11.
Circ Cardiovasc Genet ; 9(1): 86-94, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26643481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects are the most frequent malformations among newborns and a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality. Although genetic variation contributes to congenital heart defects, their precise molecular bases remain unknown in the majority of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed, by high-resolution array comparative genomic hybridization, 316 children with sporadic, nonsyndromic congenital heart defects, including 76 coarctation of the aorta, 159 transposition of the great arteries, and 81 tetralogy of Fallot, as well as their unaffected parents. We identified by array comparative genomic hybridization, and validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, 71 rare de novo (n=8) or inherited (n=63) copy-number variants (CNVs; 50 duplications and 21 deletions) in patients. We identified 113 candidate genes for congenital heart defects within these CNVs, including BTRC, CHRNB3, CSRP2BP, ERBB2, ERMARD, GLIS3, PLN, PTPRJ, RLN3, and TCTE3. No de novo CNVs were identified in patients with transposition of the great arteries in contrast to coarctation of the aorta and tetralogy of Fallot (P=0.002; Fisher exact test). A search for transcription factor binding sites showed that 93% of the rare CNVs identified in patients with coarctation of the aorta contained at least 1 gene with FOXC1-binding sites. This significant enrichment (P<0.0001; permutation test) was not observed for the CNVs identified in patients with transposition of the great arteries and tetralogy of Fallot. We hypothesize that these CNVs may alter the expression of genes regulated by FOXC1. Foxc1 belongs to the forkhead transcription factors family, which plays a critical role in cardiovascular development in mice. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that deregulation of FOXC1 or its downstream genes play a major role in the pathogenesis of coarctation of the aorta in humans.


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Animais , Coartação Aórtica/metabolismo , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Países Baixos
12.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 4: e260, 2015 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26506038

RESUMO

Recent successful clinical trials with recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (rAAVs) have led to a renewed interest in gene therapy. However, despite extensive developments to improve vector-manufacturing processes, undesirable DNA contaminants in rAAV preparations remain a major safety concern. Indeed, the presence of DNA fragments containing antibiotic resistance genes, wild-type AAV, and packaging cell genomes has been found in previous studies using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analyses. However, because qPCR only provides a partial view of the DNA molecules in rAAV preparations, we developed a method based on next-generation sequencing (NGS) to extensively characterize single-stranded DNA virus preparations (SSV-Seq). In order to validate SSV-Seq, we analyzed three rAAV vector preparations produced by transient transfection of mammalian cells. Our data were consistent with qPCR results and showed a quasi-random distribution of contaminants originating from the packaging cells genome. Finally, we found single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) along the vector genome but no evidence of large deletions. Altogether, SSV-Seq could provide a characterization of DNA contaminants and a map of the rAAV genome with unprecedented resolution and exhaustiveness. We expect SSV-Seq to pave the way for a new generation of quality controls, guiding process development toward rAAV preparations of higher potency and with improved safety profiles.

13.
Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev ; 2: 15010, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26029721

RESUMO

Preclinical gene therapy strategies using recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors in animal models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy have shown dramatic phenotype improvements, but long-lasting efficacy remains questionable. It is believed that in dystrophic muscles, transgene persistence is hampered, notably by the progressive loss of therapeutic vector genomes resulting from muscle fibers degeneration. Intracellular metabolic perturbations resulting from dystrophin deficiency could also be additional factors impacting on rAAV genomes and transgene mRNA molecular fate. In this study, we showed that rAAV genome loss is not the only cause of reduced transgene mRNA level and we assessed the contribution of transcriptional and post-transcriptional factors. We ruled out the implication of transgene silencing by epigenetic mechanisms and demonstrated that rAAV inhibition occurred mostly at the post-transcriptional level. Since Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) physiopathology involves an elevated oxidative stress, we hypothesized that in dystrophic muscles, transgene mRNA could be damaged by oxidative stress. In the mouse and dog dystrophic models, we found that rAAV-derived mRNA oxidation was increased. Interestingly, when a high expression level of a therapeutic transgene is achieved, oxidation is less pronounced. These findings provide new insights into rAAV transductions in dystrophic muscles, which ultimately may help in the design of more effective clinical trials.

14.
Hum Mol Genet ; 24(10): 2757-63, 2015 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25650408

RESUMO

The Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a rare heritable cardiac arrhythmia disorder associated with ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. Mutations in the SCN5A gene have been causally related to BrS in 20-30% of cases. Twenty other genes have been described as involved in BrS, but their overall contribution to disease prevalence is still unclear. This study aims to estimate the burden of rare coding variation in arrhythmia-susceptibility genes among a large group of patients with BrS. We have developed a custom kit to capture and sequence the coding regions of 45 previously reported arrhythmia-susceptibility genes and applied this kit to 167 index cases presenting with a Brugada pattern on the electrocardiogram as well as 167 individuals aged over 65-year old and showing no history of cardiac arrhythmia. By applying burden tests, a significant enrichment in rare coding variation (with a minor allele frequency below 0.1%) was observed only for SCN5A, with rare coding variants carried by 20.4% of cases with BrS versus 2.4% of control individuals (P = 1.4 × 10(-7)). No significant enrichment was observed for any other arrhythmia-susceptibility gene, including SCN10A and CACNA1C. These results indicate that, except for SCN5A, rare coding variation in previously reported arrhythmia-susceptibility genes do not contribute significantly to the occurrence of BrS in a population with European ancestry. Extreme caution should thus be taken when interpreting genetic variation in molecular diagnostic setting, since rare coding variants were observed in a similar extent among cases versus controls, for most previously reported BrS-susceptibility genes.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Brugada/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/genética , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Síndrome de Brugada/diagnóstico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genes , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Bioinformatics ; 31(1): 112-3, 2015 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25192739

RESUMO

SUMMARY: We describe mod_bio, a set of modules for the Apache HTTP server that allows the users to access and query fastq, tabix, fasta and bam files through a Web browser. Those data are made available in plain text, HTML, XML, JSON and JSON-P. A javascript-based genome browser using the JSON-P communication technique is provided as an example of cross-domain Web service. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: https://github.com/lindenb/mod_bio.


Assuntos
Genoma Humano , Genômica/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Software , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Interface Usuário-Computador , Navegador
17.
Am J Hum Genet ; 93(6): 1100-7, 2013 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24268661

RESUMO

Congenital poikiloderma is characterized by a combination of mottled pigmentation, telangiectasia, and epidermal atrophy in the first few months of life. We have previously described a South African European-descent family affected by a rare autosomal-dominant form of hereditary fibrosing poikiloderma accompanied by tendon contracture, myopathy, and pulmonary fibrosis. Here, we report the identification of causative mutations in FAM111B by whole-exome sequencing. In total, three FAM111B missense mutations were identified in five kindreds of different ethnic backgrounds. The mutation segregated with the disease in one large pedigree, and mutations were de novo in two other pedigrees. All three mutations were absent from public databases and were not observed on Sanger sequencing of 388 ethnically matched control subjects. The three single-nucleotide mutations code for amino acid changes that are clustered within a putative trypsin-like cysteine/serine peptidase domain of FAM111B. These findings provide evidence of the involvement of FAM111B in congenital poikiloderma and multisystem fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Contratura/fisiopatologia , Doenças Musculares/complicações , Mutação , Fibrose Pulmonar/complicações , Síndrome de Rothmund-Thomson/complicações , Síndrome de Rothmund-Thomson/genética , Tendões/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Síndrome de Rothmund-Thomson/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Biomed Semantics ; 4(1): 6, 2013 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23398680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BioHackathon 2010 was the third in a series of meetings hosted by the Database Center for Life Sciences (DBCLS) in Tokyo, Japan. The overall goal of the BioHackathon series is to improve the quality and accessibility of life science research data on the Web by bringing together representatives from public databases, analytical tool providers, and cyber-infrastructure researchers to jointly tackle important challenges in the area of in silico biological research. RESULTS: The theme of BioHackathon 2010 was the 'Semantic Web', and all attendees gathered with the shared goal of producing Semantic Web data from their respective resources, and/or consuming or interacting those data using their tools and interfaces. We discussed on topics including guidelines for designing semantic data and interoperability of resources. We consequently developed tools and clients for analysis and visualization. CONCLUSION: We provide a meeting report from BioHackathon 2010, in which we describe the discussions, decisions, and breakthroughs made as we moved towards compliance with Semantic Web technologies - from source provider, through middleware, to the end-consumer.

19.
J Proteome Res ; 11(12): 5994-6007, 2012 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23092124

RESUMO

Cardiac voltage-gated Na+ (Nav) channels are key determinants of action potential waveforms, refractoriness and propagation, and Nav1.5 is the main Nav pore-forming (α) subunit in the mammalian heart. Although direct phosphorylation of the Nav1.5 protein has been suggested to modulate various aspects of Nav channel physiology and pathophysiology, native Nav1.5 phosphorylation sites have not been identified. In the experiments here, a mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic approach was developed to identify native Nav1.5 phosphorylation sites directly. Using an anti-NavPAN antibody, Nav channel complexes were immunoprecipitated from adult mouse cardiac ventricles. The MS analyses revealed that this antibody immunoprecipitates several Nav α subunits in addition to Nav1.5, as well as several previously identified Nav channel associated/regulatory proteins. Label-free comparative and data-driven phosphoproteomic analyses of purified cardiac Nav1.5 protein identified 11 phosphorylation sites, 8 of which are novel. All the phosphorylation sites identified except one in the N-terminus are in the first intracellular linker loop, suggesting critical roles for this region in phosphorylation-dependent cardiac Nav channel regulation. Interestingly, commonly used prediction algorithms did not reliably predict these newly identified in situ phosphorylation sites. Taken together, the results presented provide the first in situ map of basal phosphorylation sites on the mouse cardiac Nav1.5 α subunit.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.5/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Cromatografia Líquida , Imunoprecipitação , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteômica/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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