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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2542, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953174

RESUMO

Lateral heterojunctions of atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) hold promise for applications in nanotechnology, yet their charge transport and most of the spectroscopic properties have not been investigated. Here, we synthesize a monolayer of multiple aligned heterojunctions consisting of quasi-metallic and wide-bandgap GNRs, and report characterization by scanning tunneling microscopy, angle-resolved photoemission, Raman spectroscopy, and charge transport. Comprehensive transport measurements as a function of bias and gate voltages, channel length, and temperature reveal that charge transport is dictated by tunneling through the potential barriers formed by wide-bandgap GNR segments. The current-voltage characteristics are in agreement with calculations of tunneling conductance through asymmetric barriers. We fabricate a GNR heterojunctions based sensor and demonstrate greatly improved sensitivity to adsorbates compared to graphene based sensors. This is achieved via modulation of the GNR heterojunction tunneling barriers by adsorbates.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(28): 25163-25169, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265229

RESUMO

Thin-film organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite (MeNH3PbI3) solar cells have displayed remarkably high photoconversion efficiencies, making their net-shaping as flexible device elements desirable for a number of applications. Simulations show greatly enhanced light absorption in perovskite fibers in comparison to their thin-film counterparts, which demand the processing of hybrid perovskites in the one-dimensional morphology. We report here on the single-step fabrication of MeNH3PbI3 nanofibers on a customized electrospinning process performed under inert conditions. Our results demonstrate reproducible synthesis of electrospun fiber mats in which the fiber dimensions were tailored by adjusting the polymer (PVP) content. Photoluminescence studies on the perovskite fibers revealed a blue shift of the emission peak possibly due to strain or charge confinement effects. The hybrid perovskite nanofibers offer promising applications in flexible and stretchable optoelectronics.

3.
Nano Lett ; 18(11): 7038-7044, 2018 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30336056

RESUMO

By enhancing the photoluminescence from aligned seven-atom wide armchair-edge graphene nanoribbons using plasmonic nanoantennas, we are able to observe blinking of the emission. The on- and off-times of the blinking follow power law statistics. In time-resolved spectra, we observe spectral diffusion. These findings together are a strong indication of the emission originating from a single quantum emitter. The room temperature photoluminescence displays a narrow spectral width of less than 50 meV, which is significantly smaller than the previously observed ensemble line width of 0.8 eV. From spectral time traces, we identify three optical transitions, which are energetically situated below the lowest bulk excitonic state E11 of the nanoribbons. We attribute the emission to transitions involving Tamm states localized at the end of the nanoribbon. The photoluminescence from a single ribbon is strongly enhanced when its end is in the antenna hot spot resulting in the observed single molecule characteristics of the emission. Our findings illustrate the essential role of the end termination of graphene nanoribbons in light emission and allow us to construct a model for photoluminescence from nanoribbons.

4.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1454, 2018 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654323

RESUMO

Sliding is one of the fundamental mechanical movements in machinery. In macroscopic systems, double-rack pinion machines employ gears to slide two linear tracks along opposite directions. In microscopic systems, kinesin-5 proteins crosslink and slide apart antiparallel microtubules, promoting spindle bipolarity and elongation during mitosis. Here we demonstrate an artificial nanoscopic analog, in which gold nanocrystals can mediate coordinated sliding of two antiparallel DNA origami filaments powered by DNA fuels. Stepwise and reversible sliding along opposite directions is in situ monitored and confirmed using fluorescence spectroscopy. A theoretical model including different energy transfer mechanisms is developed to understand the observed fluorescence dynamics. We further show that such sliding can also take place in the presence of multiple DNA sidelocks that are introduced to inhibit the relative movements. Our work enriches the toolbox of DNA-based nanomachinery, taking one step further toward the vision of molecular nanofactories.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Reagentes de Ligações Cruzadas , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Ouro/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Microtúbulos/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Propriedades de Superfície
5.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 3415, 2018 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29467499

RESUMO

Plasmon resonant arrays or meta-surfaces shape both the incoming optical field and the local density of states for emission processes. They provide large regions of enhanced emission from emitters and greater design flexibility than single nanoantennas. This makes them of great interest for engineering optical absorption and emission. Here we study the coupling of a single quantum emitter, a self-assembled semiconductor quantum dot, to a plasmonic meta-surface. We investigate the influence of the spectral properties of the nanoantennas and the position of the emitter in the unit cell of the structure. We observe a resonant enhancement due to emitter-array coupling in the far-field regime and find a clear difference from the interaction of an emitter with a single antenna.

6.
Nano Lett ; 17(7): 4291-4296, 2017 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28590750

RESUMO

Quantum photonics holds great promise for future technologies such as secure communication, quantum computation, quantum simulation, and quantum metrology. An outstanding challenge for quantum photonics is to develop scalable miniature circuits that integrate single-photon sources, linear optical components, and detectors on a chip. Plasmonic nanocircuits will play essential roles in such developments. However, for quantum plasmonic circuits, integration of stable, bright, and narrow-band single photon sources in the structure has so far not been reported. Here we present a plasmonic nanocircuit driven by a self-assembled GaAs quantum dot. Through a planar dielectric-plasmonic hybrid waveguide, the quantum dot efficiently excites narrow-band single plasmons that are guided in a two-wire transmission line until they are converted into single photons by an optical antenna. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of fully on-chip plasmonic nanocircuits for quantum optical applications.

7.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 7: 1219-1228, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27826496

RESUMO

Nanostructured materials with tunable properties are of great interest for a wide range of applications. The self-assembly of simple nanoparticle building blocks could provide an inexpensive means to achieve this goal. Here, we generate extended anisotropic silver nanoparticle assemblies in solution using controlled amounts of one of three inexpensive, widely available, and environmentally benign short ditopic ligands: cysteamine, dithiothreitol and cysteine in aqueous solution. The self-assembly of our extended structures is enforced by hydrogen bonding. Varying the ligand concentration modulates the extent and density of these unprecedented anisotropic structures. Our results show a correlation between the chain nature of the assembly and the generation of spectral anisotropy. Deuterating the ligand further enhances the anisotropic signal by triggering more compact aggregates and reveals the importance of solvent interactions in assembly size and morphology. Spectral and morphological evolutions of the AgNPs assemblies are followed via UV-visible spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Spectroscopic measurements are compared to calculations of the absorption spectra of randomly assembled silver chains and aggregates based on the discrete dipole approximation. The models support the experimental findings and reveal the importance of aggregate size and shape as well as particle polarizability in the plasmon coupling between nanoparticles.

8.
Nat Commun ; 5: 4354, 2014 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24993946

RESUMO

Optical nanoantennas tailor the transmission and reception of optical signals. Owing to their capacity to control the direction and angular distribution of optical radiation over a broad spectral range, nanoantennas are promising components for optical communication in nanocircuits. Here we measure wireless optical power transfer between plasmonic nanoantennas in the far-field and demonstrate changeable signal routing to different nanoscopic receivers via beamsteering. We image the radiation pattern of single-optical nanoantennas using a photoluminescence technique, which allows mapping of the unperturbed intensity distribution around plasmonic structures. We quantify the distance dependence of the power transmission between transmitter and receiver by deterministically positioning nanoscopic fluorescent receivers around the transmitting nanoantenna. By adjusting the wavefront of the optical field incident on the transmitter, we achieve directional control of the transmitted radiation over a broad range of 29°. This enables wireless power transfer from one transmitter to different receivers.

9.
Opt Lett ; 39(12): 3686-9, 2014 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24978568

RESUMO

We introduce 3D optical antennas based on winged nanocones. The antennas support particle plasmon oscillations with current distributions that facilitate transformation of transverse far-field radiation to strong longitudinal local fields near the cone apices. We characterize the optical responses of the antennas by their extinction spectra and by second-harmonic generation microscopy with cylindrical vector beams. The results demonstrate a new 3D polarization-controllable optical antenna for applications in apertureless near-field microscopy, spectroscopy, and plasmonic sensing.

10.
Nano Lett ; 14(1): 197-201, 2014 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24341867

RESUMO

Plasmonics offers the opportunity of tailoring the interaction of light with single quantum emitters. However, the strong field localization of plasmons requires spatial fabrication accuracy far beyond what is required for other nanophotonic technologies. Furthermore, this accuracy has to be achieved across different fabrication processes to combine quantum emitters and plasmonics. We demonstrate a solution to this critical problem by controlled positioning of plasmonic nanoantennas with an accuracy of 11 nm next to single self-assembled GaAs semiconductor quantum dots, whose position can be determined with nanometer precision. These dots do not suffer from blinking or bleaching or from random orientation of the transition dipole moment as colloidal nanocrystals do. Our method introduces flexible fabrication of arbitrary nanostructures coupled to single-photon sources in a controllable and scalable fashion.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/química , Arsenicais/efeitos da radiação , Gálio/química , Gálio/efeitos da radiação , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/efeitos da radiação , Pontos Quânticos , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/instrumentação , Transdutores , Luz , Teste de Materiais , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula
11.
Nano Lett ; 10(11): 4555-8, 2010 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20964391

RESUMO

We demonstrate how the controlled positioning of a plasmonic nanoparticle modifies the photoluminescence of a single epitaxial GaAs quantum dot. The antenna particle leads to an increase of the luminescence intensity by about a factor of 8. Spectrally and temporally resolved photoluminescence measurements prove an increase of the quantum dot's excitation rate.


Assuntos
Cristalização/métodos , Iluminação/métodos , Pontos Quânticos , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos , Luz , Teste de Materiais , Doses de Radiação
12.
Opt Lett ; 34(21): 3394-6, 2009 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19881605

RESUMO

We show that, for 3D random electromagnetic fields that are created by optical systems from a partially polarized plane wave, two different definitions of the 3D degree of polarization proposed in literature have a monotonic one-to-one correspondence, thus providing the same information about the field's polarization state. Examples of 3D fields obeying this result are the evanescent wave generated in total internal reflection, the tightly focused beam, and the far field scattered from an electric point dipole.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 1(6): 1183-9, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20355911

RESUMO

We show that efficient photoinduced surface-relief gratings can be inscribed in polymer-azobenzene complexes which are bonded by phenol-pyridine hydrogen bonding. The grating inscription was studied as a function of chromophore concentration and the molecular weight of the host polymer, both of which can be easily tuned without demanding organic synthesis. Stable gratings with modulation depth as high as 440 nm and with diffraction efficiency exceeding 40% were inscribed in the equimolar complexes. Our results demonstrate that phenol-pyridine hydrogen bonding not only allows one to increase the chromophore content until each polymer unit is occupied but is also sufficiently strong to induce mass migration of the polymer chains in a manner comparable to covalently functionalized polymers.

14.
J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis ; 22(3): 561-8, 2005 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15770995

RESUMO

We analyze the degree of polarization of random, statistically stationary electromagnetic fields in the focal region of a high-numerical-aperture imaging system. The Richards-Wolf theory for focusing is employed to compute the full 3 x 3 electric coherence matrix, from which the degree of polarization is obtained by using a recent definition for general three-dimensional electromagnetic waves. Significant changes in the state of partial polarization, compared with that of the incident illumination, are observed. For example, a wave consisting of two orthogonal and uncorrelated incident-electric-field components produces rings of full polarization in the focal plane. These effects are explained by considering the distribution of the spectral densities of the three electric field components as well as the correlations between them.

15.
Opt Lett ; 29(22): 2587-9, 2004 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15552653

RESUMO

The normalized intensity fluctuations of arbitrary electromagnetic wave fields obeying Gaussian statistics are expressed in terms of the three-dimensional degree of polarization. This general formulation implies an important physical result concerning the polarization of planar fields and the dimensionality of the formalism. The results are expected to be particularly useful in intensity interferometry.

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