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2.
Can J Surg ; 63(2): E88-E93, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109014

RESUMO

Background: The Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative (SVS-SVQI) is a database that provides insight into standards of care and highlights opportunities for quality improvement by benchmarking institutional data against local, regional and national trends. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a frequently performed vascular operation. Postoperative length of stay in hospital (LOS) varies among institutions. We reviewed the morbidity and mortality of patients who underwent EVAR at our institution and the financial impact of increased LOS for these patients. In addition, we sought to identify modifiable factors associated with prolonged LOS. Methods: We identified all patients who underwent elective EVAR between Jan. 1, 2011, and Dec. 31, 2014. Preoperative patient characteristics, intraoperative details, postoperative factors, long-term (1 yr) outcomes and cost data were reviewed. Univariate analysis was used to determine statistical differences between patients with LOS less than or equal to 2 days and greater than 2 days. Interventions were implemented to modify factors identified as having a negative impact on EVAR LOS. Results: Identified factors that negatively affected EVAR LOS included social, neurologic, cardiovascular, urologic and renal issues. Following targeted interventions, LOS after EVAR decreased from an average of 3.8 to 3.0 days (p < 0.05). Logistic regression (n = 124) identified cardiovascular issues as the most significant predictor of LOS greater than 2 days (p = 0.001, odds ratio 14.24, 95% confidence interval 2.8­71.4). Reduction in LOS was associated with the additional benefit of 6.6% adjusted cost savings. Conclusion: By leveraging SVS-VQI data, we were able to reduce EVAR LOS by identifying modifiable factors and instituting focused interventions. The reduction in LOS was associated with cost savings to the hospital.

3.
J Vasc Surg ; 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to provide a systematic review of the literature reporting the contemporary early outcomes after endovascular and open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs). METHODS: MEDLINE and Embase were searched for studies from January 2006 to March 2018 that reported either endovascular (using branched or fenestrated endografts) or open repair of TAAA in at least 10 patients. Outcomes of interest included perioperative mortality, spinal cord injury (SCI), renal failure requiring dialysis, and stroke. Pooled proportions were determined using a random-effects model. RESULTS: The analysis included 71 studies, of which 24 and 47 reported outcomes after endovascular and open TAAA repair, respectively. Endovascular cohort patients were older and had higher rates of coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes. Endovascular repair was associated with higher rates of SCI (13.5%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 10.5%-16.7%) compared with open repair (7.4%; 95% CI, 6.2%-8.7%; P < .01) but similar rates of permanent paralysis (5.2% [95% CI, 3.8%-6.7%] vs 4.4% [95% CI, 3.3%-5.6%]; P = .39), lower rates of postoperative dialysis (6.4% [95% CI, 3.2%-9.5%] vs 12.0% [95% CI, 8.2%-16.3%]; P = .03) but similar rates of being discharged on permanent dialysis (3.7% [95% CI, 2.0%-5.9%] vs 3.8% [95% CI, 2.9%-5.3%]; P = .93), a trend to lower stroke (2.7% [95% CI, 1.9%-3.6%] vs 3.9% [95% CI, 3.0%-4.9%]; P = .06), and similar perioperative mortality (7.4% [95% CI, 5.9%-9.1%] vs 8.9% [95% CI, 7.2%-10.9%]; P = .21). CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review summarizes the contemporary literature results of endovascular and open TAAA repair. Endovascular repair studies included patients with more comorbidities and were associated with higher rates of SCI but similar rates of permanent paraplegia, whereas open repair studies had higher rates of postoperative dialysis but similar rates of being discharged on permanent dialysis. Perioperative mortality rates were similar. Universally adopted reporting standards for patient characteristics, outcomes, and the conduct of contemporary comparative studies will allow better assessment and comparisons of the risks associated with the two surgical treatment options for TAAA.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the early and late outcomes of endovascular versus open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: We performed a multicenter population-based study across the province of Ontario, Canada, from 2006 to 2017. The primary end point was mortality. Secondary end points were time to first event of a composite of mortality, permanent spinal cord injury, permanent dialysis, and stroke, the individual end points of the composite, patient disposition at discharge, hospital length of stay, myocardial infarction, and secondary procedures at follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 664 adults undergoing surgical repair of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (endovascular: n = 303 [45.5%] vs open: n = 361 [54.5%]) were identified using an algorithm of administrative codes validated against the operative records. Propensity score matching resulted in 241 patient pairs. Endovascular repairs increased during the study and currently comprise more than 50% of total repairs. In the matched sample, open repair was associated with a higher incidence of in-hospital death (17.4% vs 10.8%, P = .04), complications (26.1% vs 17.4%, P = .02), discharge to rehabilitation facilities (18.7% vs 10.0%, P = .02), and longer length of stay (12 [7-21] vs 6 [3-13] days, P < .01). Long-term mortality was not significantly different (hazard ratio, 1.09; 95% confidence interval, 0.78-1.50), nor were the other secondary end points, with the exception of secondary procedures, which were higher in the endovascular group (hazard ratio, 2.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.54-4.55). At 8 years, overall survival was 41.3% versus 44.6% after endovascular and open repair (P = .62). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular repair was associated with improved early outcomes but higher rates of secondary procedures after discharge. Long-term survival after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair is poor and independent of repair technique.

5.
Clin Invest Med ; 42(2): E19-25, 2019 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228962

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The positive predictive value (PPV) of endovascular and open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair coding was assessed in Ontario health administrative databases. METHODS: Between 1 January 2006 and 31 March 2016, a random sample of 192 patients was identified using Canadian Classification of Health Intervention (CCI) procedure codes and Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) billing codes from administrative data. Blinded chart reviews were conducted at two cardiovascular centers to assess the level of agreement between the administrative records and the corresponding patients' hospital charts. The PPV was calculated with 95% confidence intervals using hospital charts as the gold standard. RESULTS: The PPV for the single endovascular TAAA repair code, 1ID80GQNRN, was 0.90 (0.78, 0.97). A combination of all nine CCI open TAAA repair codes was performed, with a PPV of 0.62 (0.47, 0.76). The combination of any one of the nine CCI codes AND the single OHIP code for open TAAA repair (R803) rendered a PPV of 0.98 (0.90, 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular TAAA repair may be identified using a single CCI code (1ID80GQNRN). Open TAAA repair may be identified using a combination of CCI and OHIP codes. Researchers may therefore use administrative data to conduct population-based studies of endovascular and open repair of TAAA.

6.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 53(5): 395-400, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of a novel balloon-expandable, heparin-bonded endoprosthesis (Viabahn VBX, W. L. Gore and Associates) when used as a bridging stent graft (BSG) with fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (FB-EVAR). FB-EVAR and BSGs increase repair complexity with the potential for endoleak formation, stenosis, thrombosis, and graft migration. The mechanical construction of the Viabahn VBX and its antithrombogenic properties may provide an advantage for FB-EVAR over existing BSGs. The efficacy, safety, and clinical outcomes were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research ethics board approved, prospective, single arm cohort, pilot study of patients undergoing FB-EVAR between February 2017 and January 2018. Fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair was performed per the standard institutional protocol by a team composed of vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists. Viabahn VBX endografts were used for all intended visceral branches as long as appropriately sized devices were available (Under Investigational Testing Authorization from Health Canada). Patient characteristics, procedural details, and technical and clinical outcomes were reviewed and summarized. RESULTS: FB-EVAR was performed in 13 patients (9 male and 4 female) mean age of 74 (range: 61-83) with a total of 41 Viabahn VBXs stents implanted. Mean maximum aneurysm size was 6.7 cm (range: 5.5-9.0 cm) and included 5 juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms and 8 thoracoabdominal; 3 type V, 3 type IV, and 2 type III (Crawford Classification). The Viabahn VBX was successfully deployed in 40 (98%) of 41 of cases. At median follow-up of 223 days (range: 2-462), there was a (40/40) 100% Viabahn VBX patency rate. Seven endoleaks were identified intra- or post procedurally in 6 (46%) of 13 cases, including 1 type IB, 3 type II, 2 type III, and 1 unclassified. Nine complications occurred in 6 patients. CONCLUSION: The Viabahn VBX stent is a safe and effective BSG for FB-EVAR with no early stent thrombosis. Further evaluation is required to determine longer term stent efficacy.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aortografia/métodos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/prevenção & controle , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
J Vasc Surg ; 70(4): 1056-1064, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: During fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR), accurate alignment of the fenestration and the target artery is necessary to prevent complications. This study's objective is to determine the incidence of clinical outcomes following fenestration misalignment during FEVAR. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective chart review was performed for all elective FEVARs between January 2008 and April 2015. Data were gathered from patient records and intraoperative imaging. Native vessel angles were calculated using the vessel centerlines. Intraoperative stent graft orientation was determined by changing the angle of the image intensifier as the fenestration was profiled for cannulation. Vertical fenestration misalignment was defined as 4 mm or greater and is the distance from the center of the fenestration markers to the center of the target vessel ostium at the time of cannulation. Horizontal stent graft misalignment was defined as a difference between the native vessel angle and the intraoperative fenestration angle of 15° or more. Early and late clinical outcomes were analyzed with respect to the presence of either vertical or horizontal misalignment of the renal artery fenestrations. RESULTS: The study cohort includes 65 patients who underwent FEVAR during this study period. A horizontal misalignment of 15° or more occurred in 40% of patients (n = 26) and 30° or more in 9.2% of patients (n = 6). A vertical misalignment of 4 mm or greater occurred in 32.3% of patients (n = 21). The incidence of severe postoperative complications, defined as any in-hospital end-organ ischemia and/or death, was significantly greater for patients with stent graft misalignment-31% (n = 11) vs 3% (n = 1) in the aligned group. There was a trend toward higher rates of target vessel cannulation failure in patients with stent graft misalignment 3% (n = 99 fenestrations) vs 0% (n = 76 fenestrations). The combined incidence of any intraoperative target vessel complication was significantly higher in patients with misalignment, 8.1% (4, 15) vs 1.3% (0, 8). Long-term survival was significantly lower in patients with stent graft misalignment, which was primarily driven by high intraoperative and in-hospital mortality rates (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative stent graft misalignment is associated with higher rates of procedural target vessel complications and severe postoperative adverse events. Patients with stent graft misalignment should be considered at high risk for early postoperative complications. These results highlight an important need for improved FEVAR planning.

8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 58: 166-173.e4, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular surgeons have a central role in managing peripheral artery disease (PAD). This study assessed their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding pharmacologic risk reduction in PAD and results were compared to a similar 2004 survey conducted by our group. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 161 active members of the Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery. RESULTS: Forty-eight participants (30%) completed the survey. Recommended targets for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, and glucose were known by 52%, 38%, and 50% of vascular surgeons, respectively. Almost all participants recognized antiplatelet dosages and statin indications, but less than half could identify indications (29%) and precautions (44%) for angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy. A majority (58%) routinely evaluate risk factors in <50% of their patients. Most vascular surgeons regularly provide risk reduction counseling, but less than 10% initiate or modify antihypertensive or ACE inhibitor therapy. Compared to 2004, knowledge of targets and indications/precautions for common cardiovascular medications and frequency of risk factor assessment have not changed. Rates of counseling for diabetes control and statin prescription have improved, but remain suboptimal. Regarding newer medications with cardiovascular benefit, less than 10% would prescribe proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors if they were available. The majority of vascular surgeons rate their PAD risk reduction knowledge as average and support an up-to-date Canadian PAD guideline. Most participants believe that risk reduction therapy is best provided by family physicians and internists, but also acknowledge that vascular surgeons should be well-versed in assessing and managing risk factors in PAD. CONCLUSIONS: Significant knowledge and action gaps exist among Canadian vascular surgeons with regards to pharmacologic cardiovascular risk reduction in PAD. Although there is recognition that vascular surgeons are central to the medical management of patients with PAD, few routinely evaluate risk factors and prescribe medications. There is little evidence of sufficient improvement since 2004. New educational and clinical strategies are needed to improve PAD risk reduction pharmacotherapy among Canadian vascular surgeons.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , Canadá , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Hipolipemiantes/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrões de Prática Médica , Lacunas da Prática Profissional , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sociedades Médicas
9.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(1): 201-209, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29941317

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (POD) has a high prevalence among vascular surgery patients, increasing morbidity, mortality, and length of stay. We prospectively studied preoperative risk factors for delirium that can be assessed by the surgical team to identify high-risk patients and assessed its impact on hospital costs. METHODS: There were 173 elective vascular surgery patients assessed preoperatively for cognitive function using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Confusion Assessment Method for POD, which was verified by chart and clinical review. Demographic information, medications, and a history of substance abuse, psychiatric disorders, and previous delirium were prospectively recorded. An accompanying retrospective chart review of an additional 434 (elective and emergency) vascular surgery patients provided supplemental cost information related to sitter use and prolonged hospitalization secondary to three factors: delirium alone, dementia alone, and delirium and dementia. RESULTS: Prospective screening of 173 patients (73.4% male; age, 69.9 ± 10.97 years) identified that 119 (68.8%) had MoCA scores <24, indicating cognitive impairment, with 7.5% having severe impairment (dementia). Patients who underwent amputation had significantly (P < .000) lower MoCA scores (17 of 30) compared with open surgery and endovascular aneurysm repair patients (23.7 of 30). The incidence of delirium was 11.6% in the elective cohort. Regression analysis identified predictors of delirium to be type of surgical procedure, including lower limb amputation (odds ratio [OR], 16.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.41-71.54; P < .000) and open aortic repair (OR, 5.33; 95% CI, 1.91-14.89; P < .000); cognitive variables (dementia: OR, 5.63; 95% CI, 2.08-15.01; P < .001); MoCA scores ≤15, indicating moderate to severe impairment (OR, 6.13; 95% CI, 1.56-24.02; P = .02); and previous delirium (OR, 2.98; 95% CI, 1.11-7.96; P = .03). Retrospective review (N = 434) identified differences in sitter needs for patients with both delirium and dementia (mean, 13.6 days), delirium alone (mean, 3.9 days), or dementia alone (mean, <1 day [17.7 hours]). Fifteen patients required >200 hours (8.3 days), accounting for 69.7% of sitter costs for the surgical unit; 43.7% of costs were accounted for by patients with pre-existing cognitive impairment. CONCLUSIONS: POD is predicted by type of vascular surgery procedure, impaired cognition (MoCA), and previous delirium. Costs and morbidity related to delirium are greatest for those with impaired cognitive burden. Preoperative MoCA screening can identify those at highest risk, allowing procedure modification and informed care.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Transtornos Cognitivos/economia , Cognição , Delírio/economia , Delírio/etiologia , Custos Hospitalares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/economia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/terapia , Delírio/psicologia , Delírio/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(1): 249-252, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177409

RESUMO

Chronic type B aortic dissection with aneurysmal degeneration requiring intervention presents significant therapeutic challenges. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with a fenestrated endograft is a feasible option, but false lumen branches without an adjacent re-entry or perforation in the septum can pose a significant challenge. We present two cases of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair for chronic type B aortic dissection in which a renal artery from the false lumen was cannulated by creating a "neofenestration" through the dissection flap using a radiofrequency PowerWire (Baylis Medical Inc, Montreal, Quebec, Canada) technique (Toronto PowerWire fenestration technique).


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Doença Crônica , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Intervencionista , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular
11.
Curr Opin Cardiol ; 34(2): 178-184, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543542

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To suggest a practical approach for the application of data from the Cardiovascular Outcomes for People Using Anticoagulation Strategies (COMPASS) trial in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). RECENT FINDINGS: The COMPASS trial showed that low-dose rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily plus daily aspirin was superior to aspirin alone in reducing major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and major adverse limb events among patients with stable atherosclerotic vascular disease, including those with PAD. The risk for major bleeding, however, was higher with rivaroxaban plus aspirin. Critical limb ischemia at baseline (rest pain, ulcer, or gangrene), previous limb or foot amputation, or a history of peripheral revascularization surgery or stenting were independently associated with increased major adverse limb events within the trial. SUMMARY: Intensification of antithrombotic therapy with low-dose rivaroxaban plus aspirin should be considered in low bleeding risk PAD patients who are at increased risk for ischemic and/or limb events. A practical approach for clinicians is presented to help incorporate COMPASS data into practice.


Assuntos
Doença Arterial Periférica , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas , Rivaroxabana , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Cirurgiões
12.
J Vasc Surg ; 68(6): 1936-1945.e5, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30470373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the early results of endovascular vs open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. METHODS: MEDLINE and Embase were searched for studies from January 2006 to March 2018 that compared endovascular vs open repair of TAAA using branched or fenestrated endografts. Data were subjected to a meta-analysis using a random-effects model. The outcomes of interest included early mortality, spinal cord injury, renal failure requiring dialysis, stroke, and hospital length of stay. RESULTS: Eight comparative studies met inclusion criteria. There were two retrospective propensity-matched studies, two unadjusted single-center retrospective studies, and four unadjusted national population-based studies. Mortality in the matched studies was equivalent in both groups. Pooled analysis of all unmatched observational studies revealed a survival benefit for endovascular over open repair (relative risk [RR], 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI],0.45-0.87); P < .01, I2 = 47%). Endovascular repair was also associated with lower incidence of spinal cord injury (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42-1.01; P = .05; I2 = 28%). For unmatched studies, pooled RR of renal failure requiring dialysis significantly favored endovascular repair (RR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.23-0.85; P = .01; I2 = 0%), although in the adjusted cohort, risk of dialysis was not different (RR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.06-15.65; P = 1.00). Postoperative stroke rate was reported in three unadjusted studies and was not different between groups (RR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.28-2.40; P = .71; I2 = 77%). Hospital length of stay was reported in four studies and was shorter in the endovascular group (mean difference, -4.4 days; 95% CI, -6.6 to -1.7; P < .01; I2 = 73%). CONCLUSIONS: There are few reports comparing endovascular vs open repair of TAAAs. Short-term outcomes may be improved in patients undergoing endovascular treatment of TAAA on the basis of a limited number of studies with high risk of bias. These findings highlight the need for larger comparative studies with standardization of reporting.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Vasc Surg ; 68(5): 1616-1617, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360853
14.
J Vasc Surg ; 68(1): 73, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29937040
15.
J Vasc Surg ; 66(5): 1397, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29061271
16.
J Vasc Surg ; 65(6): 1635-1636, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28527928
18.
CMAJ Open ; 4(2): E309-15, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27398379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular injuries add substantial complexity to trauma care, yet Canadian epidemiologic data on such injuries are not readily available. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study to examine temporal trends in the rate of hospital admissions for vascular injuries from 1991 to 2009 in Ontario. METHODS: Individuals of any age admitted to hospital because of vascular trauma in Ontario were included. Details of vascular injury and patient demographic characteristics were recorded, hospital admission rates estimated and analyses stratified by sex, age, mechanism of injury, economic status and geographic location. Time-series analysis was used to examine trends in hospital admission rates. RESULTS: Of the 8252 hospital admissions for vascular trauma, 4287 (52.0%) involved injuries to the upper limb and 1819 (22.0%) were due to transport-related causes. Overall, the annual rate declined significantly over time, from 3.3 per 100 000 in 1991 to 2.7 per 100 000 in 2009 (p < 0.01). The subgroups with the highest rates were young men, patients with a low economic status and those living in a rural location. Declines occurred in both sexes and in all age groups except those 65 years and older. The rates of vascular injury to the neck, thorax, upper limbs and lower limbs declined over time, but not the rate of abdominal vascular injury. Although the rate of non-transport-related vascular injuries declined, the rate of transport-related vascular injuries did not change significantly over time. Decreases in annual rates occurred in both low- and high-economic status groups and in urban populations but not in rural populations. INTERPRETATION: Overall, the annual rate of hospital admissions for vascular trauma declined significantly in Ontario over the study period. Our findings have important implications for public health and the development of injury-prevention strategies, particularly for population subgroups at high risk of vascular injury.

19.
CMAJ Open ; 4(1): E124-31, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27280110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of sex in the outcomes of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has been poorly studied. We sought to investigate differences in the long-term adverse cardiovascular and limb outcomes between men and women with PAD. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study with up to 7 years of follow-up using linked administrative databases in Ontario, Canada. Patients aged 40 years or older who visited a vascular surgeon between Apr. 1, 2004, and Mar. 31, 2007 (index date), and carried a diagnosis of PAD comprised the study cohort. The primary outcome was a composite of death or hospital admission for stroke or myocardial infarction. Secondary outcomes included lower limb amputation or revascularization. We used Cox proportional hazards modelling to compute unadjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and HRs adjusted for baseline covariates. RESULTS: A total of 6915 patients were studied, of whom 2461 (35.6%) were women. No significant differences in the risk of the primary outcome were observed between men and women (adjusted HR 0.99 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.92-1.05]). Women were less likely than men to undergo minor amputation (adjusted HR 0.73 [95% CI 0.62-0.85]) and arterial bypass surgery (adjusted HR 0.82 [95% CI 0.71-0.94]) but were more likely to be admitted to hospital for acute myocardial infarction (adjusted HR 1.15 [95% CI 1.00-1.31]). There were no sex differences in the rates of major amputation or transluminal percutaneous angioplasty. INTERPRETATION: We identified no significant differences in the composite risk of major adverse cardiovascular events between women and men with PAD, although our findings suggest men may be at increased risk for adverse limb events compared with women. Cardiovascular health campaigns should focus on both women and men to promote early diagnosis and management of PAD.

20.
JAMA Surg ; 151(8): 742-50, 2016 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27050566

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are at a high risk for cardiovascular events, yet, to our knowledge, no studies have examined the effect of a comprehensive risk-reduction program on long-term outcomes for patients with PAD. OBJECTIVE: To investigative whether a program that focuses on 8 major guideline-recommended risk-management therapies reduces cardiovascular and limb events in patients with PAD. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: An observational cohort study with up to 7 years of follow-up was conducted using data from administrative databases from Ontario, Canada, between July 1, 2004, and March 31, 2013. Patients with symptomatic PAD who were enrolled in the Systematic Assessment of Vascular Risk (SAVR) program at a single tertiary vascular center in Ontario between July 2004 and April 2007 were matched with up to 2 (control) patients with PAD from other Ontario tertiary vascular centers not enrolled in the program using propensity score methods. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to compare outcomes. EXPOSURES: Program that promoted antiplatelet agents, statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, blood pressure control, lipid control, diabetic glycemic control, smoking cessation, and target body mass index by engaging vascular surgeons, family physicians, and patients with PAD. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The primary outcome was a composite risk ratio of death, acute myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke. Secondary outcomes included rates of lower limb amputations, bypass surgical procedures, and peripheral angioplasties with and without a stent. RESULTS: A total of 791 patients were studied after propensity score matching; the mean (SD) age of patients in the SAVR group (n = 290) was 67.9 (10.4) years and 68.2 (11.2) years in the control group (n = 501). During follow-up, the SAVR group experienced the primary outcome at a significantly lower rate than the control group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.63; 95% CI, 0.52-0.77). Patients in the SAVR group were also less likely to have major amputation (adjusted HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.29-0.77), minor amputation (adjusted HR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.13-0.54), bypass surgery (adjusted HR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.30-0.73), or hospitalization due to heart failure (adjusted HR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.53-1.00). The rate of peripheral angioplasty with or without a stent was higher among the SAVR group (adjusted HR, 2.97; 95% CI, 2.15-4.10). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: A guideline-recommended risk-reduction program targeted at patients with PAD was associated with fewer cardiovascular and limb events over the long-term. This finding emphasizes the need for well-designed prospective studies to develop and examine the effect of such programs on reducing PAD-related morbidity, mortality, and health care costs.


Assuntos
Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Angioplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Extremidades/cirurgia , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Ontário/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Tempo
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