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1.
Dermatol Surg ; 46(5): 605-611, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Light-emitting diode (LED) has been used for wound healing because of its stimulatory effects on fibroblast proliferation, matrix synthesis, angiogenesis, and downmodulation of inflammatory reactions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the authors' study was to investigate the effects of red LED (wavelength 633 nm) photomodulation on lower extremity surgical defects left to heal by secondary intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen subjects with surgical defects of the lower leg were irradiated with a 633 ± 3-nm light source for 20 minutes (105 mW/cm, 126 J/cm) at 4 weekly sessions. RESULTS: The number of days required for wounds to heal was greater in the treatment group (63.2 ± 12.2 days) than in the control group (48.67 ± 11.1 days), although this difference was not statistically significant (p = .07). The percentage of the original wound remaining was not statistically different between treatment and control groups between Weeks 1 and 2 (p = .71) and Weeks 3 and 4 (p = .56). It was significant between Weeks 2 and 3 (p = .01). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that red LED photomodulation at a wavelength of 633 nm did not result in clinical improvement in wound healing of surgical defects on the lower extremities.

2.
Anesth Analg ; 129(6): e182-e184, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743176

RESUMO

Anesthesia providers have the burden of constant hand hygiene during task dense periods. The requirement for hand hygiene often demands frequent application of alcohol-based hand rub. To assess whether frequent alcohol-based hand rub use leads to skin changes or irritant contact dermatitis, volunteers cleaned their hands with alcohol-based hand rub every 15 minutes for 8 hours for 5 sequential days. They were examined by a dermatologist before and after and asked about subjective skin changes. Results suggest an increase in irritant contact dermatitis scores and subjective complaints.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas/normas , Dermatite de Contato/etiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Desinfecção das Mãos/normas , Higienizadores de Mão/efeitos adversos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Dermatite de Contato/diagnóstico , Dermatite Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Distribuição Aleatória , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Organização Mundial da Saúde
3.
Anesth Analg ; 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008747

RESUMO

Anesthesia providers have the burden of constant hand hygiene during task dense periods. The requirement for hand hygiene often demands frequent application of alcohol-based hand rub. To assess whether frequent alcohol-based hand rub use leads to skin changes or irritant contact dermatitis, volunteers cleaned their hands with alcohol-based hand rub every 15 minutes for 8 hours for 5 sequential days. They were examined by a dermatologist before and after and asked about subjective skin changes. Results suggest an increase in irritant contact dermatitis scores and subjective complaints.

6.
Cutis ; 101(2): 126-129, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29554154

RESUMO

Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the classic triad of fingernail dysplasia, patellar absence/hypoplasia, and presence of iliac horns. We describe the various features of NPS, focusing on dermatologic and musculoskeletal findings. A 69-year-old man presented to the dermatology clinic for a routine skin cancer screening. Physical examination revealed hypoplastic fingernails with longitudinal ridging, splitting, and triangular lunulae; left patellar absence and right patellar hypoplasia; and bilateral iliac horns that had been present since birth. His medical history was remarkable for glaucoma, hypertension, osteoporosis, and chronic kidney disease. A detailed awareness of the classic findings of NPS can facilitate its early recognition and enable appropriate treatment and long-term screening.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Unha-Patela/diagnóstico , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino
8.
J Cutan Pathol ; 44(7): 639-642, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28419495

RESUMO

Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, a congenital cutaneous hamartoma, has the potential to develop into various epidermal adnexal-origin neoplasms. While the most common neoplasms are trichoblastoma or syringocystadenoma, proliferating trichilemmal cysts are exceptionally rare. We report a case of a 63-year-old Cuban male with a giant proliferating trichilemmal cyst arising from a nevus sebaceus on the right shoulder which had been growing for 30 years. Proliferating trichilemmal cysts arising from nevus sebaceus cases are difficult to diagnose clinically and histologically as they are very rare and have not been defined by exact diagnostic criteria. Our case creates awareness of this particular tumor in nevus sebaceus and shares clinical and histological diagnostic information that can be used to make a proper diagnosis.

10.
Curr Probl Dermatol ; 47: 139-49, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26370652

RESUMO

The management of hair and scalp conditions is difficult in any patient, especially given the emotional and psychological implications of hair loss. This undertaking becomes even more challenging in the ethnic patient. Differences in hair care practices, hair shaft morphology, and follicular architecture add complexity to the task. It is imperative that the physician be knowledgeable about these practices and the phenotypic differences seen in ethnic hair in order to appropriately diagnose and treat these patients. In this chapter, we will discuss cultural practices and morphologic differences and explain how these relate to the specific disorders seen in ethnic populations. We will also review the most prominent of the ethnic hair conditions including acquired trichorrhexis nodosa, traction alopecia, central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, pseudofolliculitis barbae, dissecting cellulitis, and acne keloidalis nuchae.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Doenças do Cabelo/etnologia , Acne Queloide/etnologia , Alopecia/etnologia , Alopecia/etiologia , Celulite (Flegmão)/etnologia , Cabelo , Doenças do Cabelo/etiologia , Folículo Piloso , Humanos , Higiene , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/etnologia , Tração/efeitos adversos , Síndromes de Tricotiodistrofia/etnologia
11.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 13(7): 869-71, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25007373

RESUMO

Psoriasis in HIV-infected patients poses a distinct challenge to the dermatologist due to its increased severity, tendency to be refractory to common treatment modalities, and necessity for cautious use of immunosuppressive agents. Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors have been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of psoriasis in the general population, but their role in the treatment of HIV-positive patients is still unclear. The use of the tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor adalimumab for the treatment of psoriasis in HIV-positive patients has yet to be reported. We present the case of a 49-year-old HIV-positive man with severe plaque psoriasis who has been successfully treated with adalimumab for the past 30 months with no adverse events related to treatment.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
J Virol ; 88(14): 7753-63, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24760885

RESUMO

The process of vaccination introduced by Jenner generated immunity against smallpox and ultimately led to the eradication of the disease. Procedurally, in modern times, the virus is introduced into patients via a process called scarification, performed with a bifurcated needle containing a small amount of virus. What was unappreciated was the role that scarification itself plays in generating protective immunity. In rabbits, protection from lethal disease is induced by intradermal injection of vaccinia virus, whereas a protective response occurs within the first 2 min after scarification with or without virus, suggesting that the scarification process itself is a major contributor to immunoprotection. importance: These results show the importance of local nonspecific immunity in controlling poxvirus infections and indicate that the process of scarification should be critically considered during the development of vaccination protocols for other infectious agents.


Assuntos
Vacina Antivariólica/imunologia , Varíola/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/métodos , Vírus Vaccinia/imunologia , Administração Cutânea , Animais , Feminino , Coelhos , Vacina Antivariólica/administração & dosagem
13.
J Dermatol Case Rep ; 7(3): 74-6, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24133559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular disorder characterized by multiple venous malformations of the skin and internal organs. Oral lesions are very common and occur in over half of the patients with this condition. Sclerotherapy is currently the first-line treatment modality of symptomatic cases due to its high efficacy and low rate of complications. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: We report the case of a 68-year-old male with BRBNS who presented with dysphagia and difficulty with speech due to prominent oral venous malformations. After the use of sclerotherapy with ethanolamine oleate to control his symptoms, the patient exhibited severe edema of the tongue and posterior pharyngeal wall which caused constriction of his airway. The patient was intubated, and remained so for 72 hours until his edema resolved. In addition to his oral lesions, the patient also exhibited other features of BRBNS including cutaneous, soft-tissue, gastrointestinal, and neurological manifestations of disease. CONCLUSION: Physicians should be aware of the potentially life-threatening complication of severe tongue and pharyngeal edema when using sclerotherapy for the treatment of oral vascular malformations. Additionally, dermatologists should be familiar with the many systemic manifestations which can be present in patients with BRBNS, as illustrated in this case.

15.
J Skin Cancer ; 2013: 190109, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23840955

RESUMO

Melanomas demonstrate chromosomal instability (CIN). In fact, CIN can be used to differentiate melanoma from benign nevi. The exact molecular mechanisms that drive CIN in melanoma have yet to be fully elucidated. Cancer/testis antigens are a unique group of germ cell proteins that are found to be primarily expressed in melanoma as compared to benign nevi. The abnormal expression of these germ cell proteins, normally expected only in the testis and ovaries, in somatic cells may lead to interference with normal cellular pathways. Germ cell proteins that may be particularly critical in CIN are meiosis proteins. Here, we review pathways unique to meiosis with a focus on how the aberrant expression of meiosis proteins in normal mitotic cells "meiomitosis" could impact chromosomal instability in melanoma and other cancers.

16.
Vaccine ; 29(44): 7659-69, 2011 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21840358

RESUMO

Vaccinia virus deleted for the innate immune evasion gene, E3L, has been shown to be highly attenuated and yet induces a protective immune response against challenge by homologous virus in a mouse model. In this manuscript the NYCBH vaccinia virus vaccine strain was compared to NYCBH vaccinia virus deleted for E3L (NYCBHΔE3L) in a rabbitpox virus (RPV) challenge model. Upon scarification, both vaccines produced a desired skin lesion, although the lesion produced by NYCBHΔE3L was smaller. Both vaccines fully protected rabbits against lethal challenge by escalating doses of RPV, from 10LD(50) to 1000LD(50). A single dose of NYCBHΔE3L protected rabbits from weight loss, fever, and clinical symptoms following the lowest dose challenge of 10LD(50), however it allowed a moderate level of RPV replication at the challenge site, some spread to external skin and mucosal surfaces, and increased numbers of secondary lesions as compared to vaccination with NYCBH. Alternately, two doses of NYCBHΔE3L fully protected rabbits from weight loss, fever, and clinical symptoms, following challenge with 100-1000LD(50) RPV, and it prevented development of secondary lesions similar to protection seen with NYCBH. Finally, vaccination with either one or two doses of NYCBHΔE3L resulted in similar neutralizing antibody titers following RPV challenge as compared to titers obtained by vaccination with NYCBH. These results support the efficacy of the attenuated NYCBHΔE3L in protection against an orthologous poxvirus challenge.


Assuntos
Deleção de Genes , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Doenças dos Roedores/prevenção & controle , Vírus Vaccinia/imunologia , Vaccinia/veterinária , Proteínas Virais/genética , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Peso Corporal , Febre/prevenção & controle , Membrana Mucosa/virologia , Coelhos , Doenças dos Roedores/imunologia , Pele/patologia , Pele/virologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/genética , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Vaccinia/imunologia , Vaccinia/mortalidade , Vaccinia/prevenção & controle , Vírus Vaccinia/genética , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/genética
17.
Viruses ; 3(1): 47-62, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21373379

RESUMO

CMX001, a lipophilic nucleotide analog formed by covalently linking 3-(hexdecyloxy)propan-1-ol to cidofovir (CDV), is being developed as a treatment for smallpox. In the absence of human cases of smallpox, new treatments must be tested for efficacy in animal models. Previously, we demonstrated the efficacy of CMX001 in protecting New Zealand White rabbits from mortality following intradermal infection with rabbitpox virus as a model for smallpox, monkeypox and for treatment of adverse reactions to smallpox vaccination. Here we extend these studies by exploring different dosing regimens and performing randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled studies. In addition, because rabbitpox virus can be transmitted via naturally generated aerosols (animal to animal transmission), we report on studies to test the efficacy of CMX001 in protecting rabbits from lethal rabbitpox virus disease when infection occurs by animal to animal transmission. In all cases, CMX001 treatment was initiated at the onset of observable lesions in the ears to model the use of CMX001 as a treatment for symptomatic smallpox. The results demonstrate that CMX001 is an effective treatment for symptomatic rabbitpox virus infection. The rabbitpox model has key similarities to human smallpox including an incubation period, generalized systemic disease, the occurrence of lesions which may be used as a trigger for initiating therapy, and natural animal to animal spread, making it an appropriate model.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Citosina/análogos & derivados , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Organofosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Vírus Vaccinia/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Citosina/administração & dosagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Monkeypox/tratamento farmacológico , Monkeypox/prevenção & controle , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Varíola/tratamento farmacológico , Varíola/prevenção & controle
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