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1.
J Infect Dis ; 220(11): 1780-1789, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Avian influenza A H7N9 (A/H7N9) is characterized by rapid progressive pneumonia and respiratory failure. Mortality among laboratory-confirmed cases is above 30%; however, the clinical course of disease is variable and patients at high risk for death are not well characterized. METHODS: We obtained demographic, clinical, and laboratory information on all A/H7N9 patients in Zhejiang province from China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention electronic databases. Risk factors for death were identified using logistic regression and a risk score was created using regression coefficients from multivariable models. We externally validated this score in an independent cohort from Jiangsu province. RESULTS: Among 305 A/H7N9 patients, 115 (37.7%) died. Four independent predictors of death were identified: older age, diabetes, bilateral lung infection, and neutrophil percentage. We constructed a score with 0-13 points. Mortality rates in low- (0-3), medium- (4-6), and high-risk (7-13) groups were 4.6%, 32.1%, and 62.7% (Ptrend < .0001). In a validation cohort of 111 A/H7N9 patients, 61 (55%) died. Mortality rates in low-, medium-, and high-risk groups were 35.5%, 55.8, and 67.4% (Ptrend = .0063). CONCLUSIONS: We developed and validated a simple-to-use, predictive risk score for clinical use, identifying patients at high mortality risk.

2.
Neurosurgery ; 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No prior reports have focused on the natural history and long-term outcomes of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (ISCCMs) in children. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of pediatric ISCCMs and identify the risk of hemorrhage. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a series of 20 pediatric patients (<18 yr old) from a consecutive series of 254 patients with ISCCMs evaluated at a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 20 pediatric patients, 9 (45.0%) presented with a severe neurological and disability status. The annual hemorrhagic rate in pediatric patients was 8.2%/patient/year. After initial overt hemorrhage events, the annual overt rehemorrhage rate increased to 30.7%/patient/year. In 234 adult patients, the respective rates were 2.8% and 7.4%. Thoracic or lumbar level lesions (P = .002, OR = 3.425, 95% CI = 1.588-7.387) and rehemorrhagic events (P = .005, OR = 3.209, 95% CI = 1.415-7.279) were more likely to follow an aggressive course. There were no significant differences in the sex distribution, location and size of lesions, types of symptoms, likelihood of a severe neurological and disability status, or immediate and long-term postoperative outcomes between pediatric and adult patients with ISCCMs. CONCLUSION: The annual overt hemorrhage rate and rehemorrhage rate of ISCCMs were higher in affected children than in affected adults. Surgical resection of pediatric ISCCMs remains the preferred therapeutic option and provides favorable outcomes.

4.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 79(1): 125-135, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396760

RESUMO

To investigate the prevalence of Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Bartonella and Theileria, we collected ticks from small mammals in six counties of Zhejiang Province in southeastern China. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification was performed to test Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Bartonella and Theileria in tick samples. Positive PCR products were sequenced and then compared with previously published sequences deposited in GenBank using BLAST. About 292 adult ticks were captured and the dominant tick species were Ixodes sinensis and Haemaphysalis longicornis. Overall, 34 ticks (11.6%) were tested positive for at least one pathogen of Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Bartonella and Theileria. Rates of PCR-positivity to Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Bartonella and Theileria were 5.5, 1.7, 2.4 and 2.4%, respectively. Positive rates of Anaplasma, Bartonella and Theileria were significantly different among ticks of different species. Prevalence of Anaplasma and Theileria varied significantly among ticks of different counties. Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Bartonella and Theileria were widely prevalent in ticks in Zhejiang Province suggesting other tick-borne pathogens should also be suspected if patients had history of tick bites.

5.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e030025, 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446417

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: New ischaemic cerebral lesions (NICL) detected by diffusion-weighted imaging MRI are common after carotid artery stenting (CAS), with an occurrence rate ranging from 18% to 57%. Many studies reported occurrence of NICL could increase risk of future cerebrovascular events and cognitive impairment. However, controversies about determinants for occurrence of NICL after CAS exist among studies, and one risk factor embodied in an article may not be in another. Aim of this study is to introduce a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify risk factors associated with occurrence of NICL after CAS. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: All relevant literature referring to risk factors for occurrence of NICL after CAS will be searched on the major databases, such as PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library until 31 December 2018. Literature, which must be randomised controlled trials, case-control studies or cohort studies, will be included in accordance with the prespecified eligibility criteria. The risk of bias will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration criteria and the quality of evidence will be assessed with the corresponding scale. Data will be extracted with a form prepared before and analysed using RevMan V.5.3 analyses software. Heterogeneity will be assessed using I2 statistic. Our systematic review will be performed according to the guidance from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: There is no need for ethical approval because primary data will not be attained. The systematic review will be presented at international conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019121129.

6.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1165: 49-79, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399961

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common kidney disease in people with diabetes, which is also a serious microvascular complication of diabetes and the main cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in developed and developing countries. Renal fibrosis is a finally pathological change in DN. Nevertheless, the relevant mechanism of cause to renal fibrosis in DN is still complex. In this review, we summarized that the role of cell growth factors, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the renal fibrosis of DN, we also highlighted the miRNA and inflammatory cells, such as macrophage, T lymphocyte, and mastocyte modulate the progression of DN. In addition, there are certain other mechanisms that may yet be conclusively defined. Recent studies demonstrated that some of the new signaling pathways or molecules, such as Notch, Wnt, mTOR, Epac-Rap-1 pathway, may play a pivotal role in the modulation of ECM accumulation and renal fibrosis in DN. This review aims to elucidate the mechanism of renal fibrosis in DN and has provided new insights into possible therapeutic interventions to inhibit renal fibrosis and delay the development of DN.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Rim/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Fibrose , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Macrófagos , Mastócitos , MicroRNAs , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T
7.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104275, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351126

RESUMO

The non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents a malignant type of cancer worldwide. The atalantraflavone (AFL) is a natural product isolated from leaves of Atalantia monophylla (L.) DC. However, the function of atalantraflavone in NSCLC is still elusive. In present work, we have unraveled a novel function of AFL in NSCLC. AFL significantly inhibited NSCLC cell viability and colony formation. AFL increased sub-G1 fraction and apoptotic rates in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, Twist-related protein 1 (Twist1) was identified as the target of AFL. The association between AFL and Twist1 markedly decreased the stability of Twist1 via elevated ubiquitin mediated proteasomal degradation. AFL induced NSCLC suppression was mediated by Twist1 as Twist1 overexpression could partially reverse the inhibitory effect of AFL on migration and metastasis. Furthermore, AFL could also sensitize NSCLC cells to cisplatin treatment and consistently impair NSCLC proliferation and metastasis. Our current data have identified a tumor suppressive function for AFL in NSCLC by increasing Twist1 degradation. Therefore, the anti-tumor activity of AFL might provide critical insight into pharmaceutic lung cancer intervention to overcome cisplatin resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Flavonas/farmacologia , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Rutaceae/química , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cisplatino , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Flavonas/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Estabilidade Proteica
8.
Microb Pathog ; 135: 103641, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330262

RESUMO

Atractylodes lancea is a traditional Chinese perennial herb, which has been used for treating gastrointestinal diseases in traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Atractylodes lancea volatile oils on the planktonic growth and biofilm formation of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Firstly, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the volatile oils against H. pylori were determined using broth dilution method. SPSS17.0 was used to account 50% inhibiting concentration (IC50). Moreover, the anti-biofilm activity of the volatile oils was determined by crystal violet measurement and fluorescence microscope. Finally, gastric epithelial cells (GES-1 cells) were co-incubated with H. pylori with or without volatile oils treated. Real-time PCR and western blot were performed to detect the translocation of virulence factor Cag A. We found that Atractylodes lancea volatile oils inhibited the growth of H. pylori in a concentration dependent manner. The MIC and IC50 of volatile oils against H. pylori were 7.5 mg/mL and 2.181 mg/mL respectively. Fluorescence microscopy and crystal violet measurement indicated that volatile oils at sub-MIC concentration could reduce biofilm formation of H. pylori. In addition, volatile oils decreased the translocation of Cag A and reduced inflammatory cytokine IL-8 in GES-1 cells. Our results suggested that Atractylodes lancea volatile oils could be a potential compound of a novel class of H. pylori inhibitors with anti-H. pylori effects.

9.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 2346580, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281569

RESUMO

Objective: Renal tubular injury is an early characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN) that is related to mitochondrial dysfunction. In this study, we explore the effects and mechanisms of mitochondria-targeted peptide SS31 on renal tubulointerstitial injury in DN. Method: 40 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, STZ group, STZ+SS31 group, and STZ+normal saline group. SS31 was intraperitoneally injected to the mice every other day for 24 weeks. Renal lesions and the expression of Drp1, Mfn1, Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase1, IL-1ß, and FN were detected. In in vitro studies, HK-2 cells were incubated with different concentrations of D-glucose (5, 30 mM) or combined with SS31 and Drp1 inhibitor Midivi1. Mitochondrial ROS, membrane potential, and morphology have been detected to evaluate the mitochondrial function. Results: Compared with diabetic mice, the levels of serum creatinine and microalbuminuria were significantly decreased in the SS31 group. Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis, oxidative stress, and apoptosis were observed in diabetic mice, while the pathological changes were reduced in the SS31-treatment group. SS31 could decrease the expression of Drp1, Bax, Caspase1, IL-1ß, and FN in the renal tissue of diabetic mice, while increasing the expression of Mfn1. Additionally, mitochondria exhibit focal enlargement and crista swelling in renal tubular cells of diabetic mice, while SS31 treatment could partially block these changes. An in vitro study showed that pretreatment with SS31 or Drp1 inhibitor Mdivi1 could restore the level of mitochondrial ROS, the membrane potential levels, and the expressions of Drp1, Bax, Caspase1, IL-1ß, and FN in HK-2 cells under high-glucose conditions. Conclusion: SS31 protected renal tubulointerstitial injury in diabetic mice through a decrease in mitochondrial fragmentation via suppressing the expression of Drp1 and increasing the expression of Mfn1.

10.
Phytomedicine ; 63: 153005, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 8-Hydroxyquinoline derivatives have highly sensitive fluorescent chemosensors for metal ions, which are associated with anti-oxidant, anti-tumor and anti-HIV-1 properties. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with a high rate of mortality and novel anti-HNSCC drugs must be developed. Therefore, effective chemotherapy agents are required to address this public health issue. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)iron (Feq3) on the HNSCC and the underlying mechanism. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: A novel 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative, Feq3, was synthesized. The cell viabilities were analyzed using MTT reagent. Apoptosis and the cell cycle distributions were determined by flow cytometer. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunofluorescence, western blot, MitoSOX and CellROX stain assay were used to study the mechanism of Feq3. Feq3 combined with antioxidants NAC (N-acetylcysteine) and BSO (buthionine sulfoximine) measured the cell viability and intracellular ROS. RESULTS: Feq3 induced the death of HNSCC cells and caused them to exhibit the morphological features of apoptosis. Feq3 also induced apoptosis of SCC9 cells by cell cycle arrest during the G2/M phase and the induced arrest of SCC25 cells in the G0/G1 and G2/M phases, which was associated with decreased cyclin B1/cdc2 and cyclin D/cdk4 expressions. Feq3 increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reduces glutathione (GSH) levels, and responds to increased p53 and p21 expressions. Feq3 induced apoptosis by mitochondria-mediated Bax and cytochrome c up-expression and down-expression Bcl-2. Feq3 also up-regulated tBid, which interacts with the mitochondrial pathway and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)/TNF-Rs, FasL/Fas, and TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand receptors (TRAIL-Rs)/TRAIL-dependent caspases apoptotic signaling pathway in HNSCC cells. However, Feq3 activates Fas but not FasL in SCC25 cells. Feq3 arrests the growth of HNSCC cells and is involved in the mitochondria- and death receptor (DR)-mediated caspases apoptotic pathway. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to suggest that apoptosis mediates the anti-HNSCC of Feq3. Feq3 has potential as a cancer therapeutic agent against HNSCC.

11.
Brain ; 142(8): 2265-2275, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211368

RESUMO

The natural history of intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts is unknown. We performed an observational study in a consecutive patient cohort with symptomatic intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts who were admitted to three institutes to investigate the clinical course of this complex disease, which would provide valuable evidence to inform clinical decision-making. The clinical course of patients with symptomatic intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts from initial presentation to occurrence of clinical deterioration, initiation of treatment, or last follow-up was analysed. Patients with at least 1 month of observation were included in this study. Clinical onset and deterioration patterns were divided into acute and gradual. Annual and cumulative rates of clinical deterioration as well as their risk factors were analysed using Kaplan-Meier life table analysis and Cox proportional hazards model. To assess risks and benefits of treatment, post-treatment clinical courses were further assessed. Four hundred and sixty-six patients with a mean observational period of 36.9 ± 58.8 months were included; 56.7% of patients presented with acute onset, of whom 77.3% experienced spontaneous recovery. Age of onset older than 28 years, initial modified Aminoff and Logue scale of >3, mid-thoracic lesions and non-ventral lesions were independent predictors of failure for spontaneous recovery. The annual risk of general, acute and gradual clinical deterioration after onset was 30.7%, 9.9% and 17.7%, respectively. Risk of deterioration was highest in the early period after initial onset. Acute onset was the only independent risk factor [hazard ratio 1.957 (95% confidence interval, CI 1.324-2.894); P = 0.0008] of acute deterioration and gradual onset was the strongest predictor [hazard ratio 2.350 (95% CI 1.711-3.229); P < 0.0001] of the gradual deterioration among all the stratifying factors. After invasive treatment, complete obliteration was achieved in 37.9% of patients (138 of 364) and improved or stable clinical status was noted in 80.8% of patients. Forty-two patients (11.5%) experienced permanent complications. Overall post-treatment deterioration rate was 8.4%/year, and 5.3%/year if permanent complications were excluded. The natural history of symptomatic spinal cord arteriovenous shunts is poor, especially in the early period after onset, and early intervention is thus recommended. Initial onset pattern significantly affects the natural history of the lesion, which prompts a differentiated treatment strategy.

13.
J Org Chem ; 84(11): 6557-6564, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090405

RESUMO

The efficient and practical nucleophilic cyanation and trifluoromethylation with appropriate trimethylsilyl nucleophiles were developed. Catalytic amounts of cheap and nontoxic Cs2CO3 were used to maintain a sufficiently high concentration of nucleophilic anion (CN- or CF3-) which could begin the catalytic cycle. The present methodologies provide diverse functionalized monofluoroalkenes bearing a cyano and trifluoromethyl group with excellent to moderate stereoselectivities.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus is the leading cause of treatable unidentified febrile illnesses in Southeast Asia. This study was conducted to document the epidemiological characteristics of scrub typhus and its change in Zhejiang, one of traditional epidemic provinces in China. METHODS: Scrub typhus surveillance data in Zhejiang province during 1957-1989 and 2006-2012 were obtained. Descriptive analysis was conducted to characterize the epidemiology of scrub typhus. The spatial distributions over the periods were explored using spatial autocorrelation analysis and spatiotemporal cluster analysis. RESULTS: A total of 4104 cases and 7 deaths were reported from 1957 to 1989 and 2006 to 2017. The incidence declined since 1959, remained low from 1967 to 1989, and then exponentially increased after 2006. The seasonality changed from a summer pattern between 1957 and 1989 to a bimodal peak pattern in July to August and October to November from 2006 to 2017. One primary and three secondary high-risk clusters were affirmed in both periods from 1980 to 1989 and 2006 to 2017. The primary cluster expanded southwestward and the time span of the secondary clusters extended in the later period compared to the clusters in the previous time frame. CONCLUSION: Zhejiang recently underwent a seasonality change, geographic extension, and incidence increase in scrub typhus. More attention should be paid to controlling scrub typhus.

15.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-10, 2019 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952112

RESUMO

Objective: Optimal surgical strategies for intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (ISCCMs) are not optimized and remain problematic. In this study the authors identify rational surgical strategies for ISCCMs and predictors of outcomes after resection. Methods: A single-center study was performed with 219 consecutive surgically treated patients who presented from 2002 to 2017 and were analyzed retrospectively. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale was used to evaluate neurological functions. Patient characteristics, surgical approaches, and immediate and long-term postoperative outcomes were identified. Results: The average ISCCM size was 10.5 mm. The spinal level affected was cervical in 24.8% of patients, thoracic in 73.4%, and lumbar in 1.8%. The locations of the lesions in the horizontal plane were 30.4% ventral, 41.6% dorsal, and 28.0% central. Of the 214 patients included in the cohort for operative evaluation, 62.6% had superficially located lesions, while 37.4% were embedded. Gross-total resection was achieved in 98.1% of patients. The immediate postoperative neurological condition worsened in 10.3% of the patients. Multivariate logistic regression identified mild preoperative function (p = 0.014, odds ratio [OR] 4.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4­14.8) and thoracolumbar-level lesions (p = 0.01, OR 15.7, 95% CI 1.9­130.2) as independent predictors of worsening. The mean follow-up duration in 187 patients was 45.9 months. Of these patients, 63.1% were stable, 33.2% improved, and 3.7% worsened. Favorable outcomes were observed in 86.1% of patients during long-term follow-up and were significantly associated with preoperative mild neurological and disability status (p = 0.000) and cervically located lesions (p = 0.009). The depths of the lesions were associated with worse long-term outcomes (p = 0.001), and performing myelotomy directly through a yellowish abnormal surface in moderate-depth lesions was an independent predictor of worsening (p = 0.023, OR 35.3, 95% CI 1.6­756.3). Conclusions: Resection performed with an individualized surgical approach remains the primary therapeutic option in ISCCMs. Performing surgery in patients with mild symptoms at the thoracolumbar level and embedded located lesions requires more discretion. Abbreviations: ADREZotomy = anterior to dorsal root entry zone myelotomy; ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association; CI = confidence interval; CM = cavernous malformation; DREZotomy = dorsal root entry zone myelotomy; ISCCM = intramedullary spinal cord CM; OR = odds ratio.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5433, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30931958

RESUMO

Mitochondrial (mt) DNA encodes factors essential for cellular respiration, therefore its level and integrity are crucial. ABF2 encodes a mitochondrial DNA-binding protein and its null mutation (Δabf2) induces mtDNA instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mhr1 is a mitochondrial recombinase that mediates the predominant form of mtDNA replication and acts in mtDNA segregation and the repair of mtDNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs). However, the involvement of Mhr1 in prevention of mtDNA deletion mutagenesis is unknown. In this study we used Δabf2 mhr1-1 double-mutant cells, which lose mitochondrial function in media containing fermentable carbon sources, to investigate whether Mhr1 is a suppressor of mtDNA deletion mutagenesis. We used a suppresivity assay and Southern blot analysis to reveal that the Δabf2 mutation causes mtDNA deletions rather than an mtDNA-lacking (ρ0) phenotype, and observed that mtDNA deletions are exacerbated by an additional mhr1-1 mutation. Loss of respiratory function due to mtDNA fragmentation occurred in ∆mhr1 and ∆abf2 mhr1-1 cells. However, exogenous introduction of Mhr1 into Δabf2 mhr1-1 cells significantly rescued respiratory growth, suggesting that Mhr1-driven homologous mtDNA recombination prevents mtDNA instability.

17.
World Neurosurg ; 127: e534-e541, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to report 4 cases diagnosed with trigeminal schwannomas (TS), among whom tumor in epidural space of middle fossa broke through dura mater into subdural space, and to analyze the potential reason for recurrence of TS in middle fossa after surgical removal by endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) or interdural approach. METHODS: The information of 4 patients diagnosed with TS who were surgically treated was retrospectively analyzed and the selection of approaches, surgical strategies, and potential reason for recurrence after middle fossa TS removal by EEA and interdural approach were discussed. RESULTS: During last 10 years, 43 patients with TS received surgical treatment at Xuan Wu Hospital of Capital Medical University, among whom 1 patient with TS extending from middle fossa to infratemporal fossa was first treated by EEA, then the tumor recurred and the patient underwent a second operation via a frontotemporal subdural approach. During the second operation, we found part of tumor had broken through the dura mater into subdural space. Moreover, this phenomenon was detected in another 3 patients with middle-posterior fossa TS. CONCLUSIONS: TS in middle fossa has been widely believed to be totally located at epidural space, whereas we found that it could occasionally breach into subdural space and accept blood supply from the pial artery. We believe this could be the potential reason for recurrence after tumor resection by EEA and interdural approach.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1415, 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723284

RESUMO

Hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma are serious human diseases. Here, we examined the in vivo and in vitro inhibitory effect of extracts of Qizhu decoction (a traditional Chinese medicine) on hepatitis caused by diethylnitrosamine or hepatitis B virus and on diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. The results showed that both the aqueous and ethanol extracts (QC and QS, respectively) of Qizhu decoction significantly inhibited hepatic inflammation and liver cancer induced by diethylnitrosamine or hepatitis B virus by suppressing NF-κB signaling and decreasing the levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß. Both QC and QS inhibited the proliferation and migration of primary cancer hepatocytes by reducing cyclin B1, cyclin D1 and N-cadherin expression and increasing E-cadherin expression. QC and QS also promoted the apoptosis of primary cancer hepatocytes by upregulating caspase-3 and downregulating BCL-2 expression. The knockdown of p65 in NF-κB signaling inhibited the ability of QC and QS to significantly reduce the colony formation ability of liver cancer cells. Additionally, QC and QS might significantly inhibit the DNA replication of hepatitis B virus in vivo and in vitro, and we found that corilagin and polydatin were the active compounds of QC and QS. Taken together, our in vitro findings and our results in C57BL/6 mice showed that extracts of Qizhu decoction might inhibit hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma by suppressing NF-κB signaling.

19.
J Breath Res ; 13(2): 026007, 2019 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30641506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extant indices for distinguishing between iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and thalassemia (Thal) have substantial practical limitations. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the predictive value of red blood cell lifespan (RBCLS), as determined by an automated CO breath test analysis approach, in the differential diagnosis of these two common forms of microcytic hypochromic anemia (MHA). METHODS: RBCLS measurements were conducted in 35 healthy controls (HCs) and 114 patients diagnosed with MHA (IDA, N = 59; and Thal, N = 55) with ELS TESTER that provides a direct RBCLS value read-out. RBCLS between IDA and Thal was compared and evaluated by referring to normal cut-off from the instrument. RESULTS: Compared with that in HCs, RBCLS in IDA and Thal groups was shortened; and median RBCLS was shorter in the Thal group than that in IDA group (33 d versus 79 d, p < 0.001). The median RBCLS in IDA patients with chronic gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding was shorter than that those without GI bleeding (38 d versus 100 d, p < 0.001). Using 75 d as a cut-off, RBCLS had a sensitivity of 96.4% and a specificity of 50.8% for detecting Thal. When GI bleeding patients were excluded from the IDA group, discriminant efficiency of RBCLS was further improved. CONCLUSIONS: MHA with a normal RBCLS is suggestive of IDA, whereas MHA with a significantly shortened RBCLS without signs of chronic GI bleeding is suggestive of Thal.

20.
Complement Ther Med ; 42: 302-311, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30670259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several epidemiological investigations have assessed the association between vegetable-based diet intake (VDI) and risk of osteoporosis in postmenopausal subjects (OPS), but the outcomes have been inconsistent. We performed a review of the updated literature to evaluate this correlation. METHODS: We searched for relevant studies published in September 2018 or earlier. Two researchers conducted eligibility assessment and data extraction. Discrepancies were resolved through consultation with a third expert. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Ten studies, which included 14,247 subjects, were identified. On comparing the highest category of VDI consumption with the lowest category of VDI consumption, the pooled OR for OPS was 0.73 (95% CI = 0.57-0.95), i.e., participants with a higher intake of vegetables had a 27% (95% CI = 5-43%) lower risk of OPS. Significant benefits were found on subgroup analyses of case-control studies (OR, 0.61 [95% CI, 0.48-0.78]), but not on subgroup analyses of cross-sectional studies (OR, 0.82 [95% CI, 0.57-1.16]). The synthesized effect estimates were in the direction of decreased risk of OPS on subgroup analyses of the femoral region (OR, 0.57, 95% CI = 0.41-0.80) and the lumbar spine (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.38-0.81), but not on subgroup analyses of the calcaneus (OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.33-2.16) and the lumbar and/or femoral region (OR = 1.04, 95%CI = 0.79-1.38). Positive results were observed on pooled analyses of the Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) measurement method (OR, 0.72 [95% CI, 0.54-0.95]), but not on pooled analyses of the Standardized Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) measurement method (OR, 0.85 [95% CI, 0.33-2.16]). This might have resulted from a type II error due to wide confidence intervals and less number of included studies. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis seemingly confirms that higher consumption of VDI was associated with a lower risk of OPS. Taken together, these results highlight the need for future high-quality design-based trials on quantified vegetable intake and OPS.


Assuntos
Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/prevenção & controle , Verduras , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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