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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 15, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The year 2013 marks a watershed in the history of medical education in Taiwan. Following Taiwan's Taskforce of Medical School Curriculum Reform recommendations, the medical school curriculum was reduced from 7 to 6 years. This study aimed to analyze the impact of medical school curriculum reform on medical students' performance in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the OSCE records at Taipei Veterans General Hospital (Taipei VGH), one of Taiwan's largest tertiary medical centers, between November 2016 and July 2020. The eligibility criteria were medical students receiving a full one-year clinical sub-internship training at Taipei VGH and in their last year of medical school. All medical students received a mock OSCE-1 at the beginning of their sub-internship, a mock OSCE-2 after six months of training, and a national OSCE at the end of their sub-internship. The parameters for performance in OSCEs included "percentage of scores above the qualification standard" and "percentage of qualified stations." RESULTS: Between November 2016 and July 2020, 361 undergraduates underwent clinical sub-internship training at Taipei VGH. Among them, 218 were taught under the 7-year curriculum, and 143 were instructed under the 6-year curriculum. Based on baseline-adjusted ANCOVA results, medical students under the 7-year curriculum had a higher percentage of scores above the qualification standard than those under the 6-year curriculum at the mock OSCE-1 (7-year curriculum vs. 6-year curriculum: 33.8% [95% CI 32.0-35.7] vs. 28.2% [95% CI 25.9-30.4], p < 0.001), and mock OSCE-2 (7-year curriculum vs. 6-year curriculum: 89.4% [95% CI 87.4-91.4] vs. 84.0% [95% CI 81.5-86.4], p = 0.001). Moreover, medical students in the 7-year curriculum had a higher percentage of qualified stations in mock OSCE-1 (7-year curriculum vs. 6-year curriculum: 89.4% [95% CI 87.4-91.4] vs. 84.0% [95% CI 81.5-86.4], p = 0.001) and mock OSCE-2 (7-year curriculum vs. 6-year curriculum: 91.9% [95% CI 90.1-93.8] vs. 86.1% [95% CI 83.8-88.3], p = 0.001). After clinical sub-internship training, there were no differences in the percentage of scores above the qualification standard (7-year curriculum vs. 6-year curriculum: 33.5% [95% CI 32.2-34.9] vs. 34.6 [95% CI 32.9-36.3], p = 0.328) and percentage of qualified stations (7-year curriculum vs. 6-year curriculum: 89.4% [95% CI 88.1-90.7] vs. 90.2% [95% CI 88.6-91.8], p = 0.492). CONCLUSIONS: At the beginning of the sub-internship, medical students under the 7-year curriculum had better OSCE performance than those under the 6-year curriculum. After the clinical sub-internship training in Taipei VGH, there was no difference in the national OSCE score between the 6- and 7-year curricula. Our study suggests that clinical sub-internship is crucial for the development of clinical skills and performance in the national OSCE.


Assuntos
Currículo , Faculdades de Medicina , Competência Clínica , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e052270, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017242

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the leading causes of disability. The effectiveness of acupuncture for treating KOA remains controversial. This protocol describes the method of a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating KOA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Four English databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases and Web of Science) and four Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, and Wanfang) will be searched from the database inception to 1 September 2021. All randomised controlled trials related to acupuncture for KOA will be included. Extracted data will include publication details, basic information, demographic data, intervention details and patient outcomes. The primary outcome will be pain intensity. Risk of bias will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Article selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment will be performed in duplicate by two independent reviewers. If the meta-analysis is precluded, we will conduct a descriptive synthesis using a best-evidence synthesis approach. The strength of recommendations and quality of evidence will be assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation working group methodology. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is not required because individual patient data are not included. This protocol was registered in the international Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews on 25 February 2021. The systematic review and meta-analysis will be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. The findings will also be disseminated through conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021232177.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 300: 255-262, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the risk of developing anxiety and/or depression among patients with lichen planus. METHODS: Based on the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database of Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, a total of 4012 patients with lichen planus and 16,048 matched controls (1:4) were enrolled between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2015. After controlling for the risk variables, multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression and the log-rank test with Kaplan-Meier method were performed to assess the influence of anxiety/depression among individuals with lichen planus under a maximum follow-up period of 16 years. RESULTS: The subsequent anxiety or depression incidence of the lichen planus group and the comparisons was 19.67% (1962.70 per 105 person-years) and 10.11% (982.23 per 105person-years), respectively. Additionally, after adjustment of the risk variables, the hazard ratios for anxiety, depression, anxiety without depression, depression without anxiety, anxiety or depression, and both anxiety and depression combined were 1.779 (95%CI: 1.289-2.477, p < 0.001), 2.010 (95%CI: 1.454-2.790, p < 0.001), 2.015 (95%CI: 1.463-2.799, p < 0.001), 2.356 (95%CI: 1.705-3.286, p < 0.001), 2.011 (95%CI: 1.457-2.793, p < 0.001), and 1.515 (95%CI: 1.100-2.134, p < 0.001), respectively. LIMITATIONS: Individuals with lichen planus were unable to be classified into oral subtype and cutaneous subtype based on the ICD-9-CM. Moreover, the results of our study could not demonstrate the mechanism between lichen planus and anxiety and/or depression. CONCLUSION: Patients with lichen planus was positively associated with developing anxiety or depression. Physicians should to be aware of the signs of anxiety and/or depression while facing the patients with lichen planus during the clinical practices.

5.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(4): 875-880, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472488

RESUMO

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is considered a robust prognostic biomarker for predicting patient survival outcomes in many diseases. However, it remains unclear whether it can be used as a biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To correlate NLR with disease progression and survival in sporadic ALS, 1030 patients with ALS between January 2012 and December 2018 were included in this study. These patients were assigned into three groups according to their NLR values: Group 1 (NLR < 2, n = 544 [52.8%]), Group 2 (NLR = 2-3, n = 314 [30.5%]), and Group 3 (NLR > 3, n = 172 [16.7%]). All patients were followed up until April 2020. Patients in Group 3 had a significantly older onset age, a lower score on the Revised ALS Functional Rating Scale, and rapidly progressing disease conditions. Furthermore, faster disease progression rates were associated with higher NLR values (odds ratio = 1.211, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.090-1.346, P < 0.001) after adjusting for other risk factors. Compared with Groups 1 and 2, the survival time in Group 3 was significantly shorter (log-rank P = 0.002). The NLR value was considered an independent parameter for the prediction of survival in ALS patients after normalizing for all other potential parameters (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.079, 95% CI: 1.016-1.146, P = 0.014). The effects on ALS survival remained significant when adjusted for treatment (HR = 1.074, 95% CI: 1.012-1.141, Ptrend = 0.019) or when considering the stratified NLR value (HR = 1.115, 95% CI: 1.009-1.232, Ptrend = 0.033). Thus, the NLR may help to predict the rate of disease progression and survival in patients with sporadic ALS. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of West China Hospital of Sichuan University, China (approval No. 2015 (236)) on December 23, 2015.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120299, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474221

RESUMO

The optical sensor with ratiometric and turn-off dual modes is constructed to detect H2O2 and glucose based on blue fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) and MnO2 nanosheets with great ability of fluorescence quenching and scattering. Employing CDs@MnO2 nanosheets nanocomposite as the probe, H2O2 is detected by simultaneously collecting first-order scattering (FOS, 353.5 nm), fluorescence (440 nm), and second-order scattering (SOS, 710 nm) under the excitation of 350 nm. H2O2 with strong oxidation property can etch the lamellar structure of MnO2 nanosheets into nano-fragments, which made the fluorescence of CDs in the system recover and the scattering intensity (FOS and SOS) of the system decrease significantly. Therefore, the optical sensor combined FOS and fluorescence signals in ratiometric mode, and SOS signal in turn-off mode to realize sensitive determination of H2O2. The linear ranges of ratiometric mode and turn-off mode for H2O2 detection were 0.2-40 and 0.2-15 µM, respectively. And the limits of detection (LODs) of two modes were 73 and 104 nM, respectively. Furthermore, the sensor was also successfully applied to the detection of glucose which can react to produce H2O2. Satisfactorily, the LODs of this sensor for glucose detection were 95 and 113 nM for ratiometric mode and turn-off mode, respectively. This work not only provides a new method for the accurate detection of H2O2 and glucose, but also extends a new idea for the study of the combination of scattering and fluorescence.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Glucose , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos
7.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120230, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358784

RESUMO

Luminescent metal-organic frameworks (LMOFs) and their functional materials with unique characteristics can provide the basis for the construction of new analytical techniques, which can meet the continuous demand for various fields. In this work, guanosine monophosphate (GMP), terbium ion (Tb3+) and zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) are self-assembled to form a ZIF-8@GMP-Tb nanocomplex, which can be utilized as a ratiometric fluorescent probe to monitor alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Specifically, with adding ALP, the fluorescence intensity at 547 nm (one of the characteristic emission peaks of Tb3+) obviously decreased. Meanwhile, the conjugated structure of GMP increased the fluorescence of ZIF-8 (located at 330 nm). The possible mechanism was proposed through the characterization of the materials. Based on the variation of the emission peaks at 330 and 547 nm, the ratiometric fluorescent sensor of ALP has a linear range of 0.25-20 U/L. Moreover, applying this sensing system to the detection of ALP in the human serum sample and ALP inhibitor investigation possesses satisfactory results. This work provides a new perspective for the utilization of ZIF-8 and lanthanide ions in manufacturing simple and sensitive sensors.


Assuntos
Guanosina Monofosfato , Zeolitas , Fosfatase Alcalina , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Térbio
8.
J Nutr Biochem ; 99: 108843, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407449

RESUMO

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the main active ingredient of green tea, exhibits low toxic side effect and versatile bioactivities, and its anti-cancer effect has been extensively studied. Most of the studies used cancer cell lines and xenograft models. However, whether EGCG can prevent tumor onset after cancer-associated mutations occur is still controversial. In the present study, Krt14-cre/ERT-Kras transgenic mice were developed and the expression of K-RasG12D was induced by tamoxifen. Two weeks after induction, the K-Ras mutant mice developed exophytic tumoral lesions on the lips and tongues, with significant activation of Notch signaling pathway. Administration of EGCG effectively delayed the time of appearance, decreased the size and weight of tumoral lesions, relieved heterotypic hyperplasia of tumoral lesions, and prolonged the life of the mice. The Notch signaling pathway was significantly inhibited by EGCG in the tumoral lesions. Furthermore, EGCG significantly induced cell apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of tongue cancer cells by blocking the activation of Notch signaling pathway. Taken together, these results indicate EGCG as an effective chemotherapeutic agent for tongue cancer by targeting Notch pathway.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23524, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34876632

RESUMO

This study investigates an association between oral cancers and the risk of developing depression. We conducted a total of 3031 patients with newly diagnosed oral cancers and 9093 age-, sex-, and index year-matched controls (1:3) from 2000 to 2013 were selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. After adjusting for confounding factors, multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to compare the risk of depression over a 13-year follow-up. Of the patients with oral cancer, 69 (2.28%, or 288.57 per 105 person-years) developed depression compared to 150 (1.65%, 135.64 per 105 person-years) in the control group. The Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that the adjustment hazard ratio (HR) for subsequent depression in patients with oral cancer diagnosed was 2.224 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.641-3.013, p < 0.001). It is noteworthy that in the sensitivity analysis is the adjusted HR in the group with depression diagnosis was 3.392 and in the oral cancer subgroup of "Tongue" was 2.539. This study shows oral cancer was associated with a significantly increased risk for developing subsequent depression and early identification and treatment of depression in oral cancer patients is crucial.

10.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 21(1): 298, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spread of spinal anesthesia was influenced by many factors, and the effect of body height on spinal anesthesia is still arguable. This study aimed to explore the impact of height on the spread of spinal anesthesia and the stress response in parturients. METHODS: A total of ninety-seven parturients were allocated into two groups according to their height: the shorter group (body height was shorter than 158 cm) and taller group (body height was taller than 165 cm). Spinal anesthesia was performed with the same amount of 12 mg plain ropivacaine in mothers of different heights. The primary outcome of the study was the success or failure of the spinal anesthesia. The secondary outcomes of the study were stress response, time to T6 sensory level, the incidence of hypotension, the satisfaction of abdominal muscle relaxation and patient VAS scores. RESULTS: The rate of successful spinal anesthesia in the shorter group was significantly higher than that in the taller group (p = 0.02). The increase of maternal cortisol level in the shorter group was lower than that in the taller group at skin closure (p = 0.001). The incidence of hypotension (p = 0.013), time to T6 sensory block (p = 0.005), the quality of abdominal muscle relaxation (p <  0.001), and VAS values in stretching abdominal muscles and uterine exteriorization (p <  0.001) in the shorter group were significantly different from those in the taller group. Multivariate analysis showed that vertebral column length (p <  0.001), abdominal girth (p = 0.022), amniotic fluid index (p = 0.022) were significantly associated with successful spinal anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: It's difficult to use a single factor to predict the spread of spinal anesthesia. Patient's vertebral column length, amniotic fluid index and abdominal girth were the high determinant factors for predicting the spread of spinal anesthesia. TRIALS REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-ROC-17012030 ( Chictr.org.cn ), registered on 18/07/2017.

11.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211043048, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34866500

RESUMO

Objectives: It is reported that inflammation- and nutrition-related indicators have a prognostic impact on multiple cancers. Here we aimed to identify a prognostic nomogram model for prediction of overall survival (OS) in surgical patients with tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). Methods: The retrospective data of 172 TSCC patients were charted from the Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College between 2008 and 2019. A Cox regression analysis was performed to determine prognostic factors to establish a nomogram and predict OS. The predictive accuracy of the model was analyzed by the calibration curves and the concordance index (C-index). The difference of OS was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: Multivariate analysis showed age, tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage, red blood cell, platelets, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were independent prognostic factors for OS, which were used to build the prognostic nomogram model. The C-index of the model for OS was 0.794 (95% CI = 0.729-0.860), which was higher than that of TNM stage 0.685 (95% CI = 0.605-0.765). In addition, decision curve analysis also showed the nomogram model had improved predictive accuracy and discriminatory performance for OS, compared to the TNM stage. According to the prognostic model risk score, patients in the high-risk subgroup had a lower 5-year OS rate than that in a low-risk subgroup (23% vs 49%, P < .0001). Conclusions: The nomogram model based on clinicopathological features inflammation- and nutrition-related indicators represents a promising tool that might complement the TNM stage in the prognosis of TSCC.

12.
Front Genet ; 12: 765833, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868249

RESUMO

Background: The association between inflammation and neurodegeneration has long been observed in parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and meta-analyses have identified several risk loci in inflammation-associated genes associated with PD. Objective: To investigate whether polymorphisms in some inflammation-associated genes could modulate the risk of developing PD and MSA in a Southwest Chinese population. Methods: A total of 2,706 Chinese subjects comprising 1340 PD, 483 MSA and 883 healthy controls were recruited in the study. Three polymorphisms (rs2074404 GG/GT/TT, rs17425622 CC/CT/TT, rs34043159 CC/CT/TT) in genes linked to inflammation in all the subjects were genotyped by using the Sequenom iPLEX Assay. Results: The allele G of WNT3 rs2074404 can increase risk on PD (OR: 1.048, 95% CI: 1.182-1.333, p = 0.006), exclusively in the LOPD subgroup (OR: 1.166, 95% CI:1.025-1.327, p = 0.019), but not in EOPD or MSA. And the recessive model analysis also demonstrated an increased PD risk in GG genotype of this locus (OR = 1.331, p = 0.007). However, no significant differences were observed in the genotype distributions and alleles of HLA-DRB5 rs17425622 and IL1R2 rs34043159 between the PD patients and controls, between the MSA patients and controls, or between subgroups of PD or MSA and controls. Conclusion: Our results suggested the allele G of WNT3 rs2074404 have an adverse effect on PD and particularly, on the LOPD subgroup among a Chinese population.

13.
Front Surg ; 8: 740198, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869552

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had become a health care event endangering humans globally. It takes up a large number of healthcare resources. We studied the impact of COVID-19 on patients with ovarian cancer by comprehensively analyzing their admissions before and after the epidemic, and made reasonable suggestions to improve their current situation. Methods: We randomly divided the enrolled patients into three groups, PreCOVID-19 Group (PCG) (2019.8.20-2020.1.20), COVID-19 Group (CG) (2020.1.21-2020.6.14), and Secondary Outbreak COVID-19 Group (SOCG) (2020.6.15-2020.10.10). One-way ANOVA and chi-square test were used for analysis. Results: The number of patients from other provinces decreased significantly (p < 0.05). The total hospital stay during the epidemic was substantially more extended (p < 0.05). Before the epidemic, our department performed more open surgery while during the epidemic outbreak, we tended to choose laparoscopy (p < 0.01). We took a longer surgery time (P < 0.05). Patients had significantly less post-operative fever during the epidemic (p < 0.001). Conclusion: During the COVID-19 epidemic, no patient was infected with COVID-19, and no patient experienced severe post-operative complications. We recommend maintaining the admissions of patients with ovarian cancer during the epidemic following the rules: 1. The outpatients must complete a nucleic acid test and chest CT in the outpatient clinic; 2. Maintain full daily disinfection of the ward and insist that health care workers disinfect their hands after contact with patients; 3. Increase the use of minimally invasive procedures, including laparoscopy and robotics; 4. Disinfect the ward twice a day with UV light and sodium hypochlorite disinfectant; 5. Patients need to undergo at least three nucleic acid tests before entering the operating room.

14.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(23)2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34885164

RESUMO

Machine-intelligence platforms for the prediction of the probability of malignant transformation of oral potentially malignant disorders are required as adjunctive decision-making platforms in contemporary clinical practice. This study utilized time-to-event learning models to predict malignant transformation in oral leukoplakia and oral lichenoid lesions. A total of 1098 patients with oral white lesions from two institutions were included in this study. In all, 26 features available from electronic health records were used to train four learning algorithms-Cox-Time, DeepHit, DeepSurv, random survival forest (RSF)-and one standard statistical method-Cox proportional hazards model. Discriminatory performance, calibration of survival estimates, and model stability were assessed using a concordance index (c-index), integrated Brier score (IBS), and standard deviation of the averaged c-index and IBS following training cross-validation. This study found that DeepSurv (c-index: 0.95, IBS: 0.04) and RSF (c-index: 0.91, IBS: 0.03) were the two outperforming models based on discrimination and calibration following internal validation. However, DeepSurv was more stable than RSF upon cross-validation. External validation confirmed the utility of DeepSurv for discrimination (c-index-0.82 vs. 0.73) and RSF for individual survival estimates (0.18 vs. 0.03). We deployed the DeepSurv model to encourage incipient application in clinical practice. Overall, time-to-event models are successful in predicting the malignant transformation of oral leukoplakia and oral lichenoid lesions.

15.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 766427, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970506

RESUMO

The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is high worldwide, while numerous research has focused on unraveling the relationship between H. pylori infection and extragastric diseases. Although H. pylori infection has been associated with thyroid diseases, including thyroid nodule (TN), the relationship has mainly focused on potential physiological mechanisms and has not been validated by large population epidemiological investigations. Therefore, we thus designed a case-control study comprising participants who received regular health examination between 2017 and 2019. The cases and controls were diagnosed via ultrasound, while TN types were classified according to the guidelines of the American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR TI-RADS). Moreover, H. pylori infection was determined by C14 urea breath test, while its relationship with TN type risk and severity was analyzed using binary and ordinal logistic regression analyses. A total of 43,411 participants, including 13,036 TN patients and 30,375 controls, were finally recruited in the study. The crude odds ratio (OR) was 1.07 in Model 1 (95% CI = 1.03-1.14) without adjustment compared to the H. pylori non-infection group. However, it was negative in Model 2 (OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.97-1.06) after being adjusted for gender, age, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure and in Model 3 (OR = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.97-1.06) after being adjusted for total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein on the basis of Model 2. Control variables, including gender, age, BMI, and diastolic pressure, were significantly correlated with the risk of TN types. Additionally, ordinal logistic regression results revealed that H. pylori infection was positively correlated with malignant differentiation of TN (Model 1: OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.02-1.11), while Model 2 and Model 3 showed negative results (Model 2: OR = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.96-1.06; Model 3: OR = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.96-1.05). In conclusion, H. pylori infection was not significantly associated with both TN type risk and severity of its malignant differentiation. These findings provide relevant insights for correcting possible misconceptions regarding TN type pathogenesis and will help guide optimization of therapeutic strategies for thyroid diseases.

16.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 667, 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is a prevalent malignant disease that is characterized by high rates of metastasis and postoperative recurrence. The aim of this study was to establish a nomogram to predict the outcome of OTSCC patients after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 169 OTSCC patients who underwent treatments in the Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College from 2008 to 2019. The Cox regression analysis was performed to determine the independent prognostic factors associated with patient's overall survival (OS). A nomogram based on these prognostic factors was established and internally validated using a bootstrap resampling method. RESULTS: Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed the independent prognostic factors for OS were TNM stage, age, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and immunoglobulin G, all of which were identified to create the nomogram. The Akaike Information Criterion and Bayesian Information Criterion of the nomogram were lower than those of TNM stage (292.222 vs. 305.480; 298.444 vs. 307.036, respectively), indicating a better goodness-of-fit of the nomogram for predicting OS. The bootstrap-corrected of concordance index (C-index) of nomogram was 0.784 (95% CI 0.708-0.860), which was higher than that of TNM stage (0.685, 95% CI 0.603-0.767, P = 0.017). The results of time-dependent C-index for OS also showed that the nomogram had a better discriminative ability than that of TNM stage. The calibration curves of the nomogram showed good consistency between the probabilities and observed values. The decision curve analysis also revealed the potential clinical usefulness of the nomogram. Based on the cutoff value obtained from the nomogram, the proposed high-risk group had poorer OS than low-risk group (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram based on clinical characteristics and serological inflammation markers might be useful for outcome prediction of OTSCC patient.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(22): 5736-5743, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951161

RESUMO

The medicinal plants with roots and rhizomes as the medicinal parts account for about 1/3 of Chinese medicinal herbs. Root and rhizome medicinal materials are widely used in clinical practice, whereas their wild resource reserves are insufficient to meet the market demand. With the expansion of planting areas, the formation of large-scale production areas, and the increase in planting years, diseases and insect pests of these medicinal plants, which are diverse and have broad transmission routes, strong concealment, and heavy damage, have become more and more serious. The prevention and control of these diseases and insect pests is characterized by multiple ways of pesticide application, large consumption of pesticides, susceptibility to soil barrier, difficulty in the control, and unstable control efficiency. Organophosphorus pesticides(OPPs) are widely used in the cultivation of Chinese medicinal plants because of their diverse varieties, broad-spectrum, good efficacy, and low residues, and have a positive effect on the yield and quality of Chinese medicinal materials. However, the abuse of OPPs not only increases the planting cost, but also affects the quality and safety of Chinese medicinal plants, the safety of clinical use of Chinese medicine, and the ecological safety of production areas. This paper reviewed the research and development progress of OPPs, the registration status of OPPs used in root and rhizome medicinal materials, residue limit standards, residue status, and rapid detection technology progress of OPPs. This review aims to provide research ideas and references for standardizing the use of OPPs in root and rhizome medicinal materials, reducing OPP residues, and establishing a fast, efficient, accurate, and reliable method for the detection of OPP residues in Chinese herbal medicine.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Plantas Medicinais , Compostos Organofosforados , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Rizoma/química
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965011

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a programmed cell death pathway discovered in recent years, and ferroptosis-inducing agents have great potential as new antitumor candidates. Here, we report a Ir(III) complex (Ir1) containing a ferrocene-modified diphosphine ligand that localizes in lysosomes. Under the acidic environments of lysosomes, Ir1 can effectively catalyze Fenton reaction, produce hydroxyl radicals, induce lipid peroxidation, down-regulate glutathione peroxidase 4, and induce ferroptosis. RNA sequencing analysis shows that Ir1 can significantly affect pathways related to ferroptosis and cancer immunity. Accordingly, Ir1 can induce immunogenic cells death and suppress tumor growth in vitro, regulate T cell activity and immune microenvironments in vivo. In conclusion, we show the potential of small molecules with ferroptosis-inducing capabilities for effective cancer immunotherapy.

19.
Foods ; 10(11)2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829068

RESUMO

The immunomodulation of chemically selenylated polysaccharides has been attracting more attention recently, but the corresponding performance of the yam polysaccharides (YPS) with lower selenylation extent remains, thus far, unsolved. In this study, the YPS was selenylated with Na2SeO3 under acidic conditions generated by HNO3 to reach two lower selenylation extents, yielding two selenylated YPSs, namely SeYPS-1 and SeYPS-2 with selenium contents of 715 and 1545 mg/kg, respectively. The results indicated that YPS, SeYPS-1, and SeYPS-2 all had in vitro immuno-modulation when using RAW 264.7 macrophages and murine splenocytes as cell models. In detail, the three polysaccharide samples at dose levels of 5-160 µg/mL showed insignificant cytotoxicity to the macrophages and splenocytes with cell exposure times of 12-24 h, because of the measured values of cell viability larger than 100%. However, Na2SeO3 at dose levels of 1.3-3.25 µg/mL mostly caused obvious cytotoxic effects on the cells, resulting in reduced cell viability values or cell death, efficiently. The results demonstrated that, compared with YPS, both SeYPS-1 and SeYPS-2 at a lower dose level (5 µg/mL) were more active at promoting phagocytosis activity, increasing the CD4+/CD8+ ratio of the T-lymphocyte sub-population in the murine splenocyte, improving cytokine secretion, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor-α in the macrophages, or increasing interferon-γ secretion, but suppressing IL-4 production in the splenocytes. Consistently, SeYPS-2 has more potential than SeYPS-1 at exerting these assessed bioactivities in the cells. Thus, we conclude that a chemical modification of YPS using trace element Se at a lower selenylation extent could bring about higher immunomodulatory activity towards macrophages and splenocytes, while selenylation extent of YPS is a critical factor used to govern the assessed activity changes of YPS.

20.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(11): 1276-80, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762384

RESUMO

Taking the clinical trial of acupuncture in treatment of postprandial distress syndrome as an example, this paper proposes that the acupuncture clinical trial protocol should be optimized in view of acupuncture prescription, acupuncture frequency and outcomes. Besides, the data quality of acupuncture clinical trial should be improved in consideration of data sharing and electronic data capture so as to provide a reference for the majority of researchers to optimize and implement acupuncture clinical trial.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Dispepsia/terapia , Humanos , Pesquisadores , Gastropatias/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
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