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1.
Clin Ther ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218740

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The initiation of enzyme-replacement therapy prior to the occurrence of substantial and irreversible organ damage in patients with Fabry disease is of critical importance. The Fabry Outcome Survey is an international disease registry of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of Fabry disease. In this study, data from the Fabry Outcome Survey were used for the assessment of the risks for cardiovascular and renal events in patients who received agalsidase alfa treatment. METHODS: Eligible patients were males and females aged ≥18 years with Fabry disease treated with agalsidase alfa. Cardiovascular events included myocardial infarction, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), heart failure, arrhythmia, conduction abnormality, and cardiac surgery. Renal events included dialysis, transplantation, and renal failure. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests were used for comparing event-free probabilities and time to first cardiovascular or renal event, from agalsidase alfa initiation to a maximum of 120 months, in patients with LVH versus normal left ventricular mass index (LVMI; ≤50 g/m2.7 in males and ≤48 g/m2.7 in females) at treatment initiation (baseline), and in patients with a low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; <90 mL/min/1.73 m2) versus normal eGFR at baseline. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used for examining the association between key study variables and the risks for cardiovascular and renal events. FINDINGS: Among the 560 patients (269 males; 291 females) with available LVMI data, 306 (55%) had LVH and 254 (45%) had normal LVMI at baseline. The risk for a cardiovascular event was higher in the subgroup with LVH versus normal LVMI at baseline (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.57; 95% CI, 1.21-2.05; P < 0.001), but the risk for a renal event was similar between the 2 subgroups (HR = 1.90; 95% CI, 0.94-3.85; P = 0.074). Among the 1093 patients (551 males; 542 females) with available eGFR data, 433 (40%) had a low eGFR and 660 (60%) had a normal eGFR at baseline. The subgroup with a low eGFR at baseline had a significantly higher risk for a cardiovascular event (HR = 1.33; 95% CI, 1.04-1.70; P = 0.021) or a renal event (HR = 5.88; 95% CI, 2.73-12.68; P < 0.001) compared with patients with a normal eGFR at baseline. IMPLICATIONS: In the present study, the presence of LVH and/or reduced renal function at agalsidase alfa initiation was associated with a significantly higher risk for a cardiovascular or renal event, indicating that cardiovascular and renal pathologies in Fabry disease may be inter-related. Early initiation of agalsidase alfa treatment prior to the onset of severe organ damage may improve outcomes. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03289065.

2.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e035182, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The PRoposing Early Disease Indicators for Clinical Tracking in Fabry Disease (PREDICT-FD) initiative aimed to reach consensus among a panel of global experts on early indicators of disease progression that may justify FD-specific treatment initiation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Anonymous feedback from panellists via online questionnaires was analysed using a modified Delphi consensus technique. Questionnaires and data were managed by an independent administrator directed by two non-voting cochairs. First, possible early indicators of renal, cardiac and central/peripheral nervous system (CNS/PNS) damage, and other disease and patient-reported indicators assessable in routine clinical practice were compiled by the cochairs and administrator from panellists' free-text responses. Second, the panel scored indicators for importance (5-point scale: 1=not important; 5=extremely important); indicators scoring ≥3 among >75% of panellists were then rated for agreement (5-point scale: 1=strongly disagree; 5=strongly agree). Indicators awarded an agreement score ≥4 by >67% of panellists achieved consensus. Finally, any panel-proposed refinements to consensus indicator definitions were adopted if >75% of panellists agreed. RESULTS: A panel of 21 expert clinicians from 15 countries provided information from which 83 possible current indicators of damage (kidney, 15; cardiac, 15; CNS/PNS, 13; other, 16; patient reported, 24) were compiled. Of 45 indicators meeting the importance criteria, consensus was reached for 29 and consolidated as 27 indicators (kidney, 6; cardiac, 10; CNS/PNS, 2; other, 6; patient reported, 3) including: (kidney) elevated albumin:creatinine ratio, histological damage, microalbuminuria; (cardiac) markers of early systolic/diastolic dysfunction, elevated serum cardiac troponin; (CNS/PNS) neuropathic pain, gastrointestinal symptoms suggestive of gastrointestinal neuropathy; (other) pain in extremities/neuropathy, angiokeratoma; (patient-reported) febrile crises, progression of symptoms/signs. Panellists revised and approved proposed chronologies of when the consensus indicators manifest. The panel response rate was >95% at all stages. CONCLUSIONS: PREDICT-FD captured global opinion regarding current clinical indicators that could prompt FD-specific treatment initiation earlier than is currently practised.

3.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 50: 107297, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045360

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder. MPS VII is caused by mutations in the GUSB gene that encodes ß-glucuronidase. Adult MPS VII patients present with musculoskeletal abnormalities, coarse features, and corneal clouding. Cardiac and valvular impairment are common; however, severe valvular disease necessitating surgery has not yet been reported. We present a 32-year-old male MPS VII patient admitted to our hospital with decompensated heart failure. We identified aortic valve disease with severe stenosis (valve area 0.69 cm2) and moderate regurgitation. Severe mitral valve stenosis (valve area 1 cm2) with moderate to severe regurgitation was also found in the patient. In addition, an occlusion of the right coronary artery (RCA) was documented. The patient underwent surgical replacement of the mitral and aortic valves with mechanical prostheses and implantation of a venous bypass graft to his RCA. The surgery led to a significant improvement of his clinical symptoms. Six months after the procedure, both mechanical valves function normally. Histopathological assessment identified chronic inflammatory infiltrates, fibrosis and calcifications in both resected valves. Foamy cytoplasmic transformation was most evident in the valvular interstitial cells. The ultrastructural vacuolar abnormality seen in these cells corresponded to storage changes observed in other MPSs. In conclusion, we describe clinical findings and valvular pathology in an MPS VII patient with the first-reported successful combined surgical valve replacement and myocardial revascularization. The histological and ultrastructural analyses revealed that the lysosomal storage predominantly affected the valvular interstitial cells.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(5): 2021-2031, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618431

RESUMO

AIMS: Accelerometers are becoming increasingly commonplace for assessing physical activity; however, their use in patients with cardiovascular diseases is relatively substandard. We aimed to systematically review the methods used for collecting and processing accelerometer data in cardiology, using the example of heart failure, and to provide practical recommendations on how to improve objective physical activity assessment in patients with cardiovascular diseases by using accelerometers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four electronic databases were searched up to September 2019 for observational, interventional, and validation studies using accelerometers to assess physical activity in patients with heart failure. Study and population characteristics, details of accelerometry data collection and processing, and description of physical activity metrics were extracted from the eligible studies and synthesized. To assess the quality and completeness of accelerometer reporting, the studies were scored using 12 items on data collection and processing, such as the placement of accelerometer, days of data collected, and criteria for non-wear of the accelerometer. In 60 eligible studies with 3500 patients (of those, 536 were heart failure with preserved ejection fraction patients), a wide variety of accelerometer brands (n = 27) and models (n = 46) were used, with Actigraph being the most frequent (n = 12), followed by Fitbit (n = 5). The accelerometer was usually worn on the hip (n = 32), and the most prevalent wear period was 7 days (n = 22). The median wear time required for a valid day was 600 min, and between two and five valid days was required for a patient to be included in the analysis. The most common measures of physical activity were steps (n = 20), activity counts (n = 15), and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (n = 14). Only three studies validated accelerometers in a heart failure population, showing that their accuracy deteriorates at slower speeds. Studies failed to report between one and six (median 4) of the 12 scored items, with non-wear time criteria and valid day definition being the most underreported items. CONCLUSIONS: The use of accelerometers in cardiology lacks consistency and reporting on data collection, and processing methods need to be improved. Furthermore, calculating metrics based on raw acceleration and machine learning techniques is lacking, opening the opportunity for future exploration. Therefore, we encourage researchers and clinicians to improve the quality and transparency of data collection and processing by following our proposed practical recommendations for using accelerometers in patients with cardiovascular diseases, which are outlined in the article.

6.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(5): 3165-3168, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644298

RESUMO

Giant cell myocarditis is a rare form of autoimmune myocarditis with high morbidity and mortality that affects mainly middle-aged adults. We report a case study of a 70-year-old man on chronic immunosuppression who presented with sustained ventricular tachycardia and symptoms of acute systolic heart failure, both with poor response to standard measures. A decision to pursue endomyocardial biopsy established the diagnosis of GCM and lead to initiation of immunosuppressive therapy and a favourable outcome. Our case illustrates that a low threshold for endomyocardial biopsy in new onset heart failure can lead to actionable information even in patients of advanced age.

7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(7): 1076-1096, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640076

RESUMO

Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the α-galactosidase A (GLA) gene that leads to reduced or undetectable α-galactosidase A enzyme activity and progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide and its deacylated form globotriaosylsphingosine in cells throughout the body. FD can be multisystemic with neurological, renal, cutaneous and cardiac involvement or be limited to the heart. Cardiac involvement is characterized by progressive cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, arrhythmias, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. The cardiac management of FD requires specific measures including enzyme replacement therapy or small pharmacological chaperones in patients carrying amenable pathogenic GLA gene variants and more general management of cardiac symptoms and complications. In this paper, we summarize current knowledge of FD-related heart disease and expert consensus recommendations for its management.

8.
Am Heart J ; 225: 97-107, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with stable coronary heart disease, it is not known whether achievement of standard of care (SOC) targets in addition to evidence-based medicine (EBM) is associated with lower major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE): cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. METHODS: EBM use was recommended in the STabilisation of Atherosclerotic plaque By Initiation of darapLadIb TherapY trial. SOC targets were blood pressure (BP) <140/90 mm Hg and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) <100 mg/dL and <70 mg/dL. In patients with diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) < 7% and BP of <130/80 mm Hg were recommended. Feedback to investigators about rates of EBM and SOC was provided regularly. RESULTS: In 13,623 patients, 1-year landmark analysis assessed the association between EBM, SOC targets, and MACE during follow-up of 2.7 years (median) after adjustment in a Cox proportional hazards model. At 1 year, aspirin was prescribed in 92.5% of patients, statins in 97.2%, ß-blockers in 79.0%, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin-II receptor blockers in 76.9%. MACE was lower with LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (70-99 mg/dL) compared with LDL-C ≥ 100 mg/dL (hazard ratio [HR] 0.694, 95% CI 0.594-0.811) and lower with LDL-C < 70 mg/dL compared with LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (70-99 mg/dL) (HR 0.834, 95% CI 0.708-0.983). MACE was lower with HbA1c < 7% compared with HbA1c ≥ 7% (HR 0.705, 95% CI 0.573-0.866). There was no effect of BP targets on MACE. CONCLUSIONS: MACE was lower with LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (70-99 mg/dL) and even lower with LDL-C < 70 mg/dL. MACE in patients with diabetes was lower with HbA1c < 7%. Achievement of targets is associated with improved patient outcomes.


Assuntos
LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Idoso , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
9.
Eur J Intern Med ; 79: 63-69, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) followed by cancer are the two leading causes of death worldwide. SCORE charts have been recommended in Europe to identify individuals at increased CVD risk. However, the SCORE ability to identify individuals at increased risk of cancer has not yet been evaluated. The aim of this study was to determine the SCORE chart calibration in a country with changing CVD epidemiology, and its discrimination ability to identify individuals at increased risk of cancer over 20-years. METHODS: The present analysis includes data from two cross-sectional independent surveys within the Czech post-MONICA study (randomly selected representative population samples of the Czech Republic, aged 25-64 years); 3209 individuals in 1997/98 and 3612 in 2006-2009. RESULTS: The SCORE had reasonable discrimination to predict 10-year CVD mortality, but significantly overestimated the risk across all risk categories. During the 20-year follow up, high and very high-risk categories were associated with an increased risk of cancer morbidity (in particular colorectal, other gastrointestinal, lung and malignant skin) and cancer mortality, as compared to low risk category. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that periodical calibration testing of SCORE charts is needed in countries with changing CVD epidemiology. Furthermore, we show that in middle-aged individuals, identified by SCORE charts as being at high or very high risk for CVD, cancer morbidity and cancer mortality is increased. Rigorous cancer screening may be appropriate in this group, especially in countries with falling CVD mortality, where relative proportion of cancer mortality is increasing.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232845, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with Western Europe, the decline in cardiovascular (CV) mortality has been delayed in former communist countries in Europe, including the Czech Republic. We have assessed longitudinal trends in major CV risk factors in the Czech Republic from 1985 to 2016/17, covering the transition from the totalitarian regime to democracy. METHODS: There were 7 independent cross-sectional surveys for major CV risk factors conducted in the Czech Republic in the same 6 country districts within the WHO MONICA Project (1985, 1988, 1992) and the Czech post-MONICA study (1997/98, 2000/01, 2007/08 and 2016/2017), including a total of 7,606 males and 8,050 females. The population samples were randomly selected (1%, aged 25-64 years). RESULTS: Over the period of 31/32 years, there was a significant decrease in the prevalence of smoking in males (from 45.0% to 23.9%; p < 0.001) and no change in females. BMI increased only in males. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly in both genders, while the prevalence of hypertension declined only in females. Awareness of hypertension, the proportion of individuals treated by antihypertensive drugs and consequently hypertension control improved in both genders. A substantial decrease in total cholesterol was seen in both sexes (males: from 6.21 ± 1.29 to 5.30 ± 1.05 mmol/L; p < 0.001; females: from 6.18 ± 1.26 to 5.31 ± 1.00 mmol/L; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The significant improvement in most CV risk factors between 1985 and 2016/17 substantially contributed to the remarkable decrease in CV mortality in the Czech Republic.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Adulto , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade/tendências , Mortalidade/tendências , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Política , Fatores de Risco , Mudança Social
11.
Eur J Intern Med ; 78: 88-94, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart rate (HR) at admission in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) has been shown to be an important risk marker of in-hospital mortality. However, its relation with mid and long-term prognosis as well as the impact of Ejection Fraction (EF) is unknown. Our objective was to study the relationship between long-term survival and HR at admission depending on EF in a cohort of patients hospitalized for AHF. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 2335 patients in sinus rhythm hospitalized for AHF from AHEAD registry. Patients with cardiogenic shock and AHF from surgical or non-cardiac etiology were excluded. RESULTS: Survival rates at 6 and 12 months were 84.8% and 78% respectively. Increased age, decreased diastolic BP, lack of PCI during hospitalization, increased creatinine level and increased HR (with different cut-offs according to EF categories) were found as predictors whatever the EF at 6 and 12 months. Optimal prognostic cut-offs of heart rate were identified for Heart Failure with reduced EF at 100 bpm, for Heart Failure with mid-range EF at 90 bpm and for Heart Failure with preserved EF at 80 bpm for both 6 and 12 months. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that HR at admission appears to be an independent prognostic parameter in AHF patients in sinus rhythm irrespective of EF and can be used to classify patients according to the severity of the disease.

12.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 22(5): 897-905, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271996

RESUMO

Our aim was to determine the serum uric acid (SUA) levels associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause death in the general adult population. We analyzed data obtained in two independent cross-sectional surveys performed in the Czech Republic in 2006-09 and 2015-18, involving 1% population random samples in nine districts, aged 25-64 years, stratified by age and gender. Ten-year mortality data were obtained in a cohort with examination in 2006-09. Final analyses included 3542 individuals (48.2% men) examined in 2006-09, and 2304 (47.4% men) examined in 2015-18. From a cohort examined in 2006-09, 122 men and 60 women were reported dead (33% and 27% from CV disease). In men, there was no association of baseline SUA levels with baseline SCORE category or 10-year mortality rates. In women, each 10 µmol/L increase in baseline SUA levels was associated with an increase in baseline SCORE category (P < .001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses in women identified the baseline SUA cutoff values discriminating: 1. between low/intermediate and high/very high SCORE categories (309 µmol/L), 2. CV mortality (325 µmol/L), and 3. all-cause mortality (298 µmol/L). After adjusting for confounders including SCORE, Cox regression analysis confirmed that the baseline SUA cutoffs of 309 µmol/L and 325 µmol/L were associated with 4-times (P = .010) and 6-times (P = .036) greater risk of CV mortality, whereas the cutoff of 298 µmol/L was associated with 87% greater risk of all-cause mortality (P = .025). In conclusion, the SUA cutoff value of 309 µmol/L identified women at high/very high SCORE category and was associated with 4-times greater risk of observed CV mortality over 10 years.

13.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(3): 825-834, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100468

RESUMO

AIMS: Long-term treatment effect studies in large female Fabry patient groups are challenging to design because of phenotype heterogeneity and lack of appropriate comparison groups, and have not been reported. We compared long-term cardiomyopathy and kidney function outcomes after agalsidase beta treatment with preceding treatment-naive outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Self-controlled pretreatment and post-treatment comparison (piecewise mixed linear modelling) included Fabry female patients ≥18 years at treatment initiation who received agalsidase beta (0.9-1.1 mg/kg every other week) for ≥2 years, with ≥2 pretreatment and ≥2 post-treatment outcome measurements during 10-year follow-up. Left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT)/interventricular septal thickness (IVST) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration creatinine equation) analyses included 42 and 86 patients, respectively, aged 50.0 and 46.3 years at treatment initiation, respectively. LVPWT and IVST increased pretreatment (follow-up 3.5 years) but stabilized during 3.6 years of treatment (LVPWT: n = 38, slope difference [95% confidence interval (CI)] = -0.41 [-0.68, -0.15] mm/year, Ppre-post difference  <0.01; IVST: n = 38, slope difference = -0.32 [-0.67, 0.02] mm/year, Ppre-post difference  = 0.07). These findings were not modified by renal involvement or antiproteinuric agent use. Compared with the treatment-naive period (follow-up 3.6 years), eGFR decline remained modest and stabilized within normal ranges during 4.1 years of treatment (slope difference, 95% CI: -0.13 [-1.15, 0.89] mL/min/1.73m2 /year, Ppre-post difference  = 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac hypertrophy, progressing during pretreatment follow-up, appeared to stabilize during sustained agalsidase beta treatment. eGFR decline remained within normal ranges. This suggests that treatment may prevent further Fabry-related progression of cardiomyopathy in female patients and maintain normal kidney function.

14.
Blood Press ; 29(3): 191-198, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036692

RESUMO

Purpose: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is considered the most common form of secondary hypertension, however, its prevalence, particularly in a general population, is still a matter of debate. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of PA in a randomly selected general population sample.Materials and methods: A total of 1940 individuals (1% population random sample) aged 25-64 years were screened for major cardiovascular risk factors in six districts of the Czech Republic. Hypertension was defined as a mean of two blood pressure readings ≥140/90 mmHg at one visit or taking antihypertensive medication. Within this population, 740 individuals were labelled as hypertensives and 650 of them sampled for the analysis of direct plasma renin and serum aldosterone. The diagnosis of PA was based on elevated serum aldosterone, low plasma renin and high aldosterone/renin (ARR) ratio and was also verified by a confirmatory test with saline infusion.Results: Positive ARR was found in 52 (8%) individuals (64% women, 36% men, however, due to substatntial proportion of reluctatnt participants to undergo a further work-up (27%), we could confirm the diagnosis of PA only in 13 of them (2%). Aldosterone-producing adenoma was found in one case only, seven patients had idiopathic type and five individuals refused potential surgical treatment therefore, adrenal venous sampling was not performed.Conclusion: Elevated serum aldosterone together with low renin and high ARR were found in 52 (8%) of hypertensives selected from a general population sample, however, the diagnosis of PA was confirmed only in 13 of them (2%). This study based on a general population survey highlighted the difficulty of conducting epidemiological studies on primary aldosteronism in a relatively healthy cohort part of whom did not provide the level of collaboration that is necessary to assess the true prevalence of this condition.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974533

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary objective of the registry was to assess the impact of riociguat on clinical parameters and quality of life in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) that was inoperable or persistent/recurrent after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). In contrast to randomized pivotal trials, this non-interventional registry evaluated the effectiveness and safety of riociguat in a real-world setting. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected from patients' charts as recorded in routine clinical practice from the initiation of riociguat therapy up to approximately 5 months and 1 year after this initiation. RESULTS: In total, 51 patients from a single site were enrolled. After 5 months (mean duration) of riociguat treatment, the following improvements from baseline were observed: change of distance in the 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) (P=0.066); change of score from the quality of life questionnaire (EQ5D-5L) (P=0.020), and overall self-assessment of health status (P=0.001). New York Heart Association (NYHA) class improved in 24.3% of patients. After 11.2 months (mean duration) of riociguat treatment, the following improvements from baseline were observed: change of distance in the 6MWD test (P=0.006), and overall self-assessment of health status (P=0.009). NYHA class improved in 46.4% of patients. Riociguat was well tolerated. In total, 4 patients reported side effects, with hospitalization required in one case and 2 patients who had to discontinue the treatment. Annual survival rate was 89.1%. CONCLUSION: Riociguat improves functional NYHA class, distance in the 6MWD test and quality of life in a real-world patient population.

16.
J Hypertens ; 38(4): 656-662, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is an ongoing controversy about the magnitude of the difference between unattended automated office blood pressure (AOBP) and conventional office blood pressure (BP). The aim of our study was to compare unattended AOBP with both auscultatory BP and oscillometric attended AOBP in an epidemiological setting. METHODS: In 2588 participants of the Czech post-MoNItoring of CArdiovascular Disease study (a randomly selected 1% representative population sample aged 25-64 years, mean age 48 ±â€Š11 years, 47.5% males), BP was measured using an AOBP device unattended, auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometer and an oscillometric attended AOBP device. RESULTS: On average, auscultatory BP was 10.6/5.6 mmHg higher than unattended AOBP. Similarly, oscillometric attended AOBP was 9.9/3.4 mmHg higher than unattended AOBP, while the mean difference between attended oscillometric AOBP and auscultatory BP was 0.8/2.1 mmHg. Unattended systolic AOBP of 127 mmHg corresponded to SBP of 140 mmHg measured by a conventional sphygmomanometer. The prevalence of hypertension varied depending on the measurement technique and ranged from 31.5 to 40.1%. Reasonable agreement in hypertension diagnosis was observed with unattended AOBP cut-off at least 130/85 mmHg when compared with both auscultatory (McNemar P = 0.07, kappa 0.819) and attended oscillometric AOBP (McNemar P = 0.46, kappa 0.852) thresholds of at least 140/90 mmHg. CONCLUSION: Unattended automated office SBP is on average 10 mmHg lower than the office auscultatory or attended AOBP values. In epidemiological settings, a threshold of unattended AOBP at least 130/85 mmHg should make comparison of hypertension prevalence possible with studies using auscultatory techniques and cut-off values of 140/90 mmHg.

17.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 17(1): 22, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Normative reference values for echocardiographic chamber quantification are of great importance; however, this can be challenging. Our aim was to derive these values including degrees of abnormality from a random Central European population sample with a homogeneous subset of healthy subjects. METHODS: We analysed echocardiograms obtained in a randomly selected population sample during the Czech post-MONICA survey in 2007/2008. Overall, 1850 out of 2273 persons of the whole sample of three districts had adequate echocardiograms (81.4%). A healthy subgroup defined by the absence of known cardiovascular disease was used to define normal reference range limits (n = 575, median age 42 years [IQR 34-52], 57% females). The whole population sample with predefined percentile cut-offs was used to define degrees of abnormality. RESULTS: Left ventricular (LV) size tended to decrease with age, while LV mass increased with age in both males and females and in both the healthy and general populations. LV dimensions were larger in males, except for body surface area-indexed LV diameter. M-mode derived LV measurements were larger and LV mass higher compared to 2D measurements. Right ventricle basal dimension was larger in males. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides reference ranges for echocardiographic measurements obtained in a healthy subgroup derived from an epidemiological study of a Central European population. Where feasible, degrees of abnormality are provided based on the whole population sample including patients with disease. Our data show that age, gender and measurement method significantly affect cardiac dimensions and function and should be always taken into account.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Vigilância da População , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , República Tcheca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência
18.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319884376, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640416
19.
Heart ; 105(23): 1775-1776, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467153
20.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(7 Pt 1): 1230-1242, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272606

RESUMO

Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare X-linked inherited metabolic disorder which results in a deficiency or absence of the enzyme α-galactosidase A, leading to the accumulation of glycosphingolipids in various cells and organs including the heart. Cardiac involvement is common and results in increased myocardial inflammation, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and myocardial fibrosis. Echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) offer distinctive and often complementary use to assist in the diagnosis and monitoring pharmacologic therapy in AFD, including detection of the AFD cardiac phenotype, differentiation from other forms of LVH, and patient selection for therapeutic intervention. Advanced cardiac imaging holds promise in subclinical detection of AFD-related abnormalities as well as disease staging and prognostication.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Doença de Fabry/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doença de Fabry/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Fabry/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular
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