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1.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 84(1): 102-119, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32454102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is lack of uniformity in the reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) terminology for melanocytic lesions. OBJECTIVE: To review published RCM terms for melanocytic lesions and identify redundant, synonymous terms. METHODS: A systematic review of original research articles adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted until August 15, 2018. Two investigators gathered all published RCM terms used to describe melanoma and melanocytic nevi. Synonymous terms were grouped based on similarity in definition and in histopathologic correlation. RESULTS: Out of 156 full-text screened articles, 59 studies met the inclusion criteria. We identified 209 terms; 191 (91.4%) corresponding to high-magnification/cellular-level terms and 18 (8.6%) corresponding to low-magnification/architectural patterns terms. The overall average use frequency of RCM terms was 3.1 times (range, 1-31). By grouping of individual RCM terms based on likely synonymous definitions and by eliminating terms lacking clear definition, the total number of RCM terms could be potentially reduced from 209 to 40 terms (80.8% reduction). LIMITATIONS: Non-English and non-peer-reviewed articles were excluded. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review of published RCM terms identified significant terminology redundancy. It provides the basis for subsequent terminology consensus on melanocytic neoplasms.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314891

RESUMO

The indisputable contribution of dermatoscopy in early diagnosis of melanoma is widely recognized. In the last quinquennium, new data concerning specific melanoma subtypes have come to light. The dermatoscopic morphology of superficial spreading melanoma (SSM) has been extensively investigated in the literature. Atypical network, irregular dots, irregular globules, irregular streaks and irregular blotch correspond to histopathologic alterations at the level of the junction, blue-white veil and atypical vessels suggest intradermal growth, whereas regression structures, negative network and white shiny streaks might reflect junctional or dermal alterations. The list of melanoma specific criteria has been recently updated to include features that typify early melanoma, such as irregular hyperpigmented areas and prominent skin markings and features seen in melanoma on sun damaged skin such as angulated lines. Nodular melanoma lacks most of the aforementioned criteria and is typified by the coexistence of blue and black color, atypical vessels and pink color. Lentigo maligna dermatoscopic criteria mainly develop at the outline of the follicular openings. However, at an early stage these features might be very subtle and the diagnosis should be based on the exclusion of benign tumors (inverse approach). Acral lentiginous melanoma is typified by a parallel ridge pattern, but also SSM criteria should be taken into consideration. The diagnosis of subungual melanoma is based on the assessment of the color and characteristics of the pigmented nail band. For the diagnosis of mucosal melanoma, the assessment of colors is more informative than the assessment of structures and the detection of blue, white or gray should raise the suspicion of melanoma. White shiny streaks and regression structures are the most common features of desmoplastic melanoma. The diagnosis of nevoid melanoma might be highly challenging and require information on the lesion's history. Melanoma on small- and medium-sized congenital nevi is typified by an eccentric location of the suspicious area, negative network and gray angulated lines. Recent advances in knowledge on the dermatoscopic characteristics of peculiar subtypes of the tumor significantly enrich the diagnostic armamentarium of clinicians. The challenge of the forthcoming years is to better characterize biologically aggressive melanomas and to optimize the screening strategies so as to identify them.

3.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(6): e14514, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166029

RESUMO

The skin is the most common organ of involvement during the course of lupus erythematosus (LE). The literature data concerning the dermatoscopic patterns of the different clinical variants of cutaneous LE (CLE), namely chronic (CCLE), subacute (SCLE), and acute (ACLE), are scarce. To determine the dermatoscopic spectrum of CLE and to correlate the dermatoscopic features with the histological findings. This was a retrospective, observational, multicenter, cohort study. We evaluated the dermatoscopic features in a cohort of patients diagnosed with CLE. Furthermore, we investigated their frequency per clinical subtype and correlated them with the anatomic alterations. We included 79 patients. The most prevalent dermatoscopic features of CCLE included follicular plugs (86.4%, P < .01), patchy distribution (75%, P = .1) of mostly linear curved vessels (56.8%, P = .8), white scales (68.2%, P < .01), and structureless white color (68.2%, P < .01). The most common criteria of SCLE were patchy distribution (90%, P = .1) of mostly linear curved vessels (53.3%, P = .8) and fine white scales (60%, P < .01), while ACLE was characterized by erythema (100%, P < .05) and patchy distribution (100%, P = .1) of mostly dotted vessels (60%, P = .4). Follicular plugs/rosettes in dermatoscopy strongly correlated with follicular plugs in histology (rho = 0.919). Hyperkeratosis significantly correlated with white (rho = 0.644) and yellow/brown scales (rho = 0.225), telangiectasia with linear curved vessels (rho = 0.321) and white color with dermal fibrosis (rho = 0.623). Depending on CLE subtype, distinct dermatoscopic patterns are recognized. In CLE there is a high correlation between certain dermatoscopic criteria and the underneath anatomic alteration.

5.
JAMA Dermatol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936222

RESUMO

Importance: The development of new primary cutaneous melanoma (CM) after starting immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy is poorly characterized. Objective: To determine the incidence of new CM in patients treated with ipilimumab, nivolumab, and/or pembrolizumab for metastatic melanoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study using an institutional database to identify patients diagnosed with melanoma at a tertiary care cancer hospital in New York, New York. Exposures: Ipilimumab, nivolumab, and/or pembrolizumab treatment for metastatic melanoma. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were the incidence proportion, the incidence rate, and the 5-year cause-specific cumulative risk. Results: A total of 2251 patients were included in the study; mean (SD) age at the time of ICI start was 62.8 (14.4) years. The majority were male (63.8%, n = 1437), White (92.7%, n = 2086), and non-Hispanic (92.1%, n = 2073). Forty-two of 2251 patients who received ipilimumab, nivolumab, and/or pembrolizumab were diagnosed with 48 new CMs at a median (range) of 397.5 (39-2409) days after ICI initiation. The median age of affected patients at the time of ICI first dose was 66.5 years. The majority were male (66.7%, n = 28), White (92.9%, n = 39), and non-Hispanic (100.0%, n = 42). There were no differences in age, sex, race, and ethnicity among patients who did and did not develop a new CM. Patients who developed a new CM were more likely to have a family history of melanoma (23.8% vs 16.3%, P = .02). Most new CMs (n = 30, 62.5%) were diagnosed after the last date of ICI administration. Twenty-seven (56.3%) new CMs were in situ and 21 (43.8%) were invasive. Of the invasive CMs with a reported Breslow thickness (n = 20), the median (range) thickness was 0.4 (0.1-8.4) mm. The overall incidence proportion of new CM was 1.9% (95% CI, 1.4%-2.5%) and the incidence rate was 1103 cases per 100 000 person-years (95% CI, 815-1492). The 5-year cumulative cause-specific risk of new CM was 4.9% (95% CI, 3.3%-7.4%). Conclusions and Relevance: Patients treated with ICI therapy for metastatic melanoma remain at risk for the development of new CM.

6.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844312

RESUMO

Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) are two noninvasive, optical imaging tools used to facilitate clinical diagnosis. A biopsy technique that produces exact correlation with optical imaging features is not previously reported. To evaluate the applications of a novel feature-focused 'precision biopsy' technique that correlates clinical-dermoscopy-RCM findings with histopathology. This was a prospective case-series performed during August 2017 and June 2019 at a tertiary care cancer. We included consecutive patients requiring a precise dermoscopy-RCM-histopathologic correlation. We performed prebiopsy dermoscopy and both wide probe and handheld RCM of suspicious lesions. Features of interest were isolated with the aid of paper rings and a 2 mm punch biopsy was performed in the dermoscopy- or RCM-highlighted area. Tissue was processed either en face or with vertical sections. One-to-one correlation with histopathology was obtained. Twenty-three patients with 24 lesions were included in the study. The mean age was 64.6 years (range 22-91 years); there were 16 (69.6%) males, 14 (58.3%) lesions biopsied were on head and neck region. We achieved tissue-conservation diagnosis in 100% (24/24), 13 (54.2%) were clinically equivocal lesions, six (25%) were selected for 'feature correlation' of structures on dermoscopy or RCM, and five (20.8%) for 'correlation of new/unknown' RCM features seen on follow-up. The precision biopsy technique described herein is a novel method that facilitates direct histopathological correlation of dermoscopy and RCM features. With the aids of optical imaging devices, accurate diagnosis may be achieved by minimally invasive tissue extraction.

8.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (RT) is a treatment option for selected skin cancers. The histologic effects of RT on normal skin or skin cancers are not well-characterized. Dermoscopy, high frequency ultrasonography (HFUS), and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) are non-invasive imaging modalities that may help characterize RT response. OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in the tumor and surrounding skin of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) patients treated with RT. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2014-2018. Patients with biopsy-proven BCCs were treated with 42 Gy in 6 fractions using a commercially available brachytherapy device. Dermoscopy, HFUS, RCM were performed before treatment, 6 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after RT. RESULTS: 137 imaging assessments (RCM + dermoscopy + HFUS) were performed in 12 patients. Presence of BCC-specific features were present in 81.8%, 91% and 17% of patients imaged with dermoscopy, RCM and HFUS at baseline, prior to treatment. After treatment, resolution of these features was noted in 33.4%, 91.7%, and 100% of patients imaged with the respective modalities. No recurrences were seen after 31.7 months mean follow-up. LIMITATIONS: Small sample size and no histopathological correlation. CONCLUSION: Dermoscopy and HFUS were not as reliable as RCM at characterizing BCCs RT response.

9.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(8): 882-890, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459294

RESUMO

Importance: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer. Dermoscopic imaging has improved diagnostic accuracy; however, diagnosis of nonpigmented BCC remains limited to arborizing vessels, ulceration, and shiny white structures. Objective: To assess multiple aggregated yellow-white (MAY) globules as a diagnostic feature for BCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective, single-center, case-control study, nonpigmented skin tumors, determined clinically, were identified from a database of lesions consecutively biopsied during a 7-year period (January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2015). A subset of tumors was prospectively diagnosed, and reflectance confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic correlation were performed. Data analysis was conducted from July 1 to September 31, 2019. Exposures: Investigators evaluated for the presence or absence of known dermoscopic criteria. MAY globules were defined as aggregated, white-yellow structures visualized in polarized and nonpolarized light. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of MAY globules for the diagnosis of BCC. Secondary objectives included the association with BCC location and subtype. Interrater agreement was estimated. Results: A total of 656 nonpigmented lesions from 643 patients (mean [SD] age, 63.1 [14.9] years; 381 [58.1%] male) were included. In all, 194 lesions (29.6%) were located on the head and neck. A total of 291 (44.4%) were BCCs. MAY globules were seen in 61 of 291 BCC cases (21.0%) and in 3 of 365 other diagnoses (0.8%) (P < .001). The odds ratio for diagnosis of BCC was 32.0 (96% CI, 9.9-103.2). The presence of MAY globules was associated with a diagnosis of histologic high-risk BCC (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% CI, 3.1-14.3). The structure was never seen in cases of superficial BCCs. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings suggest that MAY globules may have utility as a new BCC dermoscopic criterion with a high specificity. MAY globules were negatively associated with superficial BCC and positively associated with deeper-seated, histologic, higher-grade tumor subtypes.

11.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, a combined reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM)-optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been tested for the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Evaluating the role of RCM-OCT in management of complex BCCs has not been studied. The objective of the study was to investigate the utility of a new combined RCM-OCT device in the evaluation and management of complex BCCs in a descriptive study. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive cases (July 2018-June 2019) of biopsy-proven 'complex' BCC defined as BCC in the head-and-neck area with multiple high-risk criteria such as large size in the mask area, multiple recurrences, and high-risk subtype. All cases were evaluated with a combined RCM-OCT device that provided simultaneous image viewing on a screen. Lesions were evaluated bedside with RCM-OCT according to previously described criteria. RESULTS: Ten patients with complex head-and-neck BCCs had mean age of 73.1 ± 13.0 years. Six (60%) patients were males. Mean BCC clinical size was 1.9 ± 1.2 cm (range 0.6-4.0 cm). RCM detected residual BCC in 8 out of 10 cases (80%) and OCT detected residual BCC in all 10 cases (100%). Six BCCs (60%) had a depth estimate of > 1000 µm under OCT. In five cases, (50%) RCM-OCT imaging results led to a change/modification in BCC management. CONCLUSION: The use of a combined RCM-OCT device may help in the evaluation of complex head-and-neck BCCs by guiding treatment selection and defining the extent of surgery.

12.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 82(3): 622-627, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computer vision has promise in image-based cutaneous melanoma diagnosis but clinical utility is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine if computer algorithms from an international melanoma detection challenge can improve dermatologists' accuracy in diagnosing melanoma. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used 150 dermoscopy images (50 melanomas, 50 nevi, 50 seborrheic keratoses) from the test dataset of a melanoma detection challenge, along with algorithm results from 23 teams. Eight dermatologists and 9 dermatology residents classified dermoscopic lesion images in an online reader study and provided their confidence level. RESULTS: The top-ranked computer algorithm had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.87, which was higher than that of the dermatologists (0.74) and residents (0.66) (P < .001 for all comparisons). At the dermatologists' overall sensitivity in classification of 76.0%, the algorithm had a superior specificity (85.0% vs. 72.6%, P = .001). Imputation of computer algorithm classifications into dermatologist evaluations with low confidence ratings (26.6% of evaluations) increased dermatologist sensitivity from 76.0% to 80.8% and specificity from 72.6% to 72.8%. LIMITATIONS: Artificial study setting lacking the full spectrum of skin lesions as well as clinical metadata. CONCLUSION: Accumulating evidence suggests that deep neural networks can classify skin images of melanoma and its benign mimickers with high accuracy and potentially improve human performance.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Dermoscopia/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Colômbia , Estudos Transversais , Dermatologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Israel , Ceratose Seborreica/diagnóstico , Melanoma/patologia , Nevo/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Espanha , Estados Unidos
13.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lentigo maligna/lentigo maligna melanoma (LM/LMM) can present with subclinical extension that may be difficult to define preoperatively and lead to incomplete excision and potential recurrence. Preliminarily studies have used reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) to assess LM/LMM margins. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation of LM/LMM subclinical extension defined by RCM compared to the gold standard histopathology. METHODS: Prospective study of LM/LMM patients referred for dermatologic surgery. RCM was performed at the clinically-defined initial surgical margin followed by margin-controlled staged excision with paraffin-embedded tissue and histopathology was correlated with RCM results. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients were included. Mean age was 66.8 years (SD 11.1; 38 - 89 years); 69.4% were males. 70/72 (97.2%) lesions were located on the head neck with mean largest clinical diameter of 1.3cm (0.3 - 5 cm). Diagnostic accuracy for detection of residual melanoma in the tumor debulk (after biopsy) had a sensitivity of 96.7% and a specificity of 66.7% when compared to the histopathology. RCM margin assessment revealed an overall agreement with final histopathology of 85.9% (kappa 0.71; p<0.001). LIMITATIONS: No RCM imaging beyond initial planned margins was performed. CONCLUSION: RCM showed moderate to excellent overall agreement between RCM imaging of LM/LMM and histopathology of staged excision margins.

14.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 81(4): 984-988, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) treatment modalities can be stratified by tumor subtype and recurrence risk. The main limitation of nonsurgical treatment modalities is the lack of histopathologic confirmation. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging device that provides quasihistologic images. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of RCM-guided carbon dioxide (CO2) laser ablation of low-risk BCCs. METHODS: Prospective study with biopsy specimen-proven low-risk BCCs imaged with RCM. RCM was performed on these sites before and after ablation. If residual tumor was found, a new series of laser passes were performed. The patients were then monitored for recurrence clinically and with RCM. RESULTS: Twenty-two tumor sites in 9 patients (5 men, 4 women) were imaged and treated. Median age was 59 ± 12.9 years (range, 30-74 years). Mean tumor size was 7.7 mm (range, 5-10 mm). Residual tumor was identified in 5 of 22 cases (22.7%) under RCM on immediate first-pass postablation sites, prompting additional laser passes. Median follow-up was 28.5 months (range, 22-32 months) with no recurrences found. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of RCM to laser ablation workflow can detect subclinical persistent tumor after initial ablation and may serve as an aid to increase the efficacy of laser ablation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/instrumentação , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Pele/patologia , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 81(2): 417-426, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biopsy specimens from patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) can present to surgery with no clinically residual tumor, complicating treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) for the assessment of residual BCC following biopsy. METHODS: Consecutive patients with biopsy-proven BCC and no clinical evidence of residual tumor who had been referred for Mohs micrographic surgery were included. Biopsy sites were imaged with a handheld RCM device. On the basis of RCM evaluation, cases were labeled RCM positive or RCM negative. Mohs micrographic surgery was performed in all cases; margins and 15-µm serial vertical sectioning were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 61 patients were included (mean age, 61.7 years [standard deviation, 12.2 years]; range, 37-87 years); 60.7% were women. The mean lesion size was 5.1 mm (range, 3-12 mm); 73.8% of patients were positive on RCM, and 68.9% had residual BCC on histopathologic examination. The rates of RCM sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 92.8%, 68.4%, 86.6%, and 81.2%, respectively. Three cases of BCC (high-risk, infiltrative, and basosquamous) were missed with use of RCM. When high-risk subtypes were excluded (n = 5), sensitivity and negative predictive value were both 100%. LIMITATIONS: RCM can miss deep-seated residual tumor. CONCLUSION: RCM is a valuable tool for the evaluation of residual BCC following biopsy, with the potential to reduce unnecessary surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Dermoscopia , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cirurgia de Mohs , Neoplasia Residual , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Carga Tumoral
16.
J Am Osteopath Assoc ; 119(6): 380-390, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135866

RESUMO

Melanoma is currently the fifth most common cancer in the United States, resulting in more than 9000 deaths each year. Despite numerous improvements in the management of advanced melanoma, the cornerstone to ensuring a cure remains early detection. Both patient and physician awareness regarding the signs and symptoms of early melanoma remain paramount. As a result, much effort has been and continues to be expended in developing and refining effective diagnostic algorithms to help identify melanomas and differentiate them from nevi, such as the ABCDE rule (A for asymmetry, B for border irregularity, C for color variegation, D for diameter >6 mm, and E for evolution in lesion size, shape, or color). To assist in the detection of more subtle melanomas requires technology to augment a visual examination. Toward this end, a simple instrument called a dermatoscope has transformed not only the appreciation of the morphology of melanoma but also its growth dynamics. The discipline of dermoscopy has improved the detection of melanoma and other skin cancers, has resulted in the detection of thinner melanomas, and has helped improve the ability to differentiate nevi (benign lesions) from melanomas, which, in turn, has resulted in fewer biopsies of benign lesions. Since patients often first present to their primary care physicians for their health-related concerns, it is imperative that primary care physicians be able to recognize the lesions that are suspicious for melanoma. This review is intended to introduce osteopathic physicians to the dermoscopic features associated primarily with melanomas located on nonglabrous skin.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia/métodos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Exame Físico
19.
Australas J Dermatol ; 60(2): e119-e126, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Lichen planus-like keratoses (LPLK) are benign skin lesions that can mimic malignancy; the clinical and dermoscopic features distinguishing lichen planus-like keratoses from skin tumors have not been extensively studied. The objective of this study was to identify dermoscopic features that may prevent unnecessary biopsies of lichen planus-like keratoses. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center, observational study of biopsied skin lesions at a tertiary center. We compared 355 lichen planus-like keratoses to 118 non-lichen planus-like keratoses lesions with lichen planus-like keratosis in the differential diagnosis biopsied from August 1, 2015, to December 31, 2016. The investigators were blinded to the diagnosis of the lesions. RESULTS: Lichen planus-like keratoses were most frequently non-pigmented (61.7%), truncal (52.1%), and on sun-damaged skin (69.6%); the majority occurred in Whites (95.5%) and females (62.8%). Dermoscopically, lichen planus-like keratoses were more likely than non-lichen planus-like keratoses to have scale (42.5% vs 31.4%, P = 0.03) and orange colour (8.2% vs 0.9%, P = 0.01). Among lesions with peppering (n = 76; 63 lichen planus-like keratoses and 13 non-lichen planus-like keratoses), coarse ± fine peppering (73% vs 38.5%, P = 0.02) and peppering as the only feature (34.9% vs 0%, P = 0.01) were associated with lichen planus-like keratoses. CONCLUSIONS: Lichen planus-like keratoses can be challenging to distinguish from benign and malignant skin tumors. The presence of dermoscopic scale and orange colour may aid in the recognition of lichen planus-like keratosis. Coarse peppering and the presence of peppering as the only dermoscopic feature may further aid the identification of pigmented lichen planus-like keratoses.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia , Ceratose/patologia , Líquen Plano/patologia , Idoso , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
20.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 80(2): 341-363, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321581

RESUMO

Dermoscopy is increasingly used by clinicians (dermatologists, family physicians, podiatrists, doctors of osteopathic medicine, etc) to inform clinical management decisions. Dermoscopic findings or images provided to pathologists offer important insight into the clinician's diagnostic and management thought process. However, with limited dermoscopic training in dermatopathology, dermoscopic descriptions and images provided in the requisition form provide little value to pathologists. Most dermoscopic structures have direct histopathologic correlates, and therefore dermoscopy can act as an excellent communication bridge between the clinician and the pathologist. In the first article in this continuing medical education series, we review dermoscopic features and their histopathologic correlates.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Dermoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Educação Médica Continuada , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
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