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1.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223907, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity in preschoolers might develop into childhood and even adulthood obesity. Overweight and obesity have been shown to be negatively related with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in children and adults but few studies did among preschoolers. We aimed to evaluate whether excess body adipose is negatively associated with CRF in both the submaximal and maximal effort of preschool children in exercise testing and to examine if there is difference to achieve maximal effort during exercise testing between preschoolers with normal and excess body adipose. METHODS: Data of 106 preschoolers aged 4-6 that received symptom-limited treadmill exercise testing was analyzed. Anthropometry was measured by vector bioelectrical impedance analysis. Excess body adipose was defined as (1) 'overweight' and 'obesity' by body mass index (BMI), (2) fat mass index (FMI) greater than the sex- and age-specific 75th percentile of whole subjects, and (3) fat-free mass index (FFMI) smaller than the sex- and age-specific 25th percentile. CRF was indicated by metabolic equivalent (MET) at anaerobic threshold (AT MET), peak MET, oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) calculated by the 50% (OUES-50) and the entire (OUES-100) duration of the exercise testing. RESULTS: Preschoolers with excess body adipose by three different definitions (BMI, FMI, and FFMI) all had poorer ability to perform maximal effort (p = 0.004, 0.043, and 0.007, respectively). Preschoolers with excess body adipose by BMI and FFMI classifications had lower OUES-50 (p = 0.018, and 0.001, respectively), and lower OUES-100 (p = 0.004, and 0.001, respectively) than peers with normal body adipose during exercise testing while those with excess body adipose by FMI classification showed no significant differences from peers with normal body adipose in both OUES-50 and OUES-100. CONCLUSIONS: Preschoolers with excess body adipose had lower CRF significantly during treadmill exercise testing. Weight control and health promotion should start as early as possible.

2.
Haemophilia ; 25(5): 876-884, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282066

RESUMO

AIM: Low bone mineral density occurs more commonly in patients with haemophilia (PWH) than the general population. However, the risk of haemophilia-related osteoporotic fractures has not been well established. We aim to explore the relationship between haemophilia and the development of osteoporotic fractures following haemophilia. METHODS: This was a nationwide population-based cohort study based on the data in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (TNHIRD). Patients who were diagnosed with haemophilia were selected. A comparison cohort was formed of patients without haemophilia who were matched according to age and sex. The incidence rate and the hazard ratios (HRs) of new-onset osteoporotic fractures were calculated for both cohorts. RESULTS: The haemophilia cohort consisted of 75 patients, and the comparison cohort comprised 300 matched control patients without haemophilia. The risk of osteoporotic fractures was higher in the haemophilia cohort than in the comparison cohort (HR = 5.41, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.42-12.1, P < 0.001). After adjustments for age, sex, comorbidities, urbanizations and socio-economic status, PWH were 4.37 times more likely to develop osteoporotic fractures (95% CI = 1.88-10.17, P = 0.001) as compared to matched cohort. In addition, the incidence of newly diagnosed osteoporotic fractures was significantly increased after 5-year follow-up durations. CONCLUSION: Though our study by TNHIRD presented methodologic flaws by its design nature, we observed that haemophilia may increase the risk of osteoporotic fractures and the cumulative incidence was significantly higher for PWH diagnosed more than 5 years. Clinicians should pay particular attention to osteoporotic fractures following haemophilia in PWH as they age.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
3.
J Pediatr ; 201: 128-133, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30029863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare exercise capacity measured by direct cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) of children with Kawasaki disease with different coronary artery diameter z scores (CA z score). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study that recruited children with Kawasaki disease after the acute stage receiving CPETs determined by CPET with treadmill. CA z score was based on a model using the Lambda-Mu-Sigma method. Max-Z was defined as the maximum z score of the proximal left anterior descending CA (LCA) or right CA (RCA). Children with Kawasaki disease with a Max z <2.0 and ≥2.0 were defined as Kawasaki disease group 1 and Kawasaki disease group 2, respectively. RESULTS: We recruited 32 boys and 17 girls with a mean age of 12.39 ± 3.61 years. Kawasaki disease group 1 (n = 36) had significantly higher peak metabolic equivalent (peak-MET) and peak rate pressure product (PRPP) than Kawasaki disease group 2 (n-13) (P = .046, P < .001). Max-Z correlated with peak-MET moderately and negatively (P < .001, Spearman rho= - .506). Max-Z correlated with PRPP modestly and negatively (P = .011, Spearman rho= - .360). CONCLUSIONS: Children after Kawasaki disease with a coronary artery Max-Z ≥ 2.0 had significantly lower peak exercise capacity than those with a Max-Z < 2.0. Max-Z might be used as an indicator of CA reserve and exercise capacity during peak exercise after the acute stage of Kawasaki disease.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espirometria
4.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 99(6): 462-471, 2017 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28291178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viscosupplementation has been widely used for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Because we found no well-controlled trial comparing single-injection regimens of hyaluronan for knee osteoarthritis, we compared the efficacy and safety of a single intra-articular injection of a novel cross-linked hyaluronan (HYA-JOINT Plus) with a single injection of Synvisc-One in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial with a 6-month follow-up, 132 patients with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2 or 3) were randomized to receive 1 intra-articular injection of 3 mL of HYA-JOINT Plus (20 mg/mL) (n = 66) or 6 mL of Synvisc-One (8 mg/mL) (n = 66). The primary outcome was the change from baseline in the visual analog scale (VAS) (0 to 100 mm) pain score at 6 months. Secondary outcome measures included the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC, Likert scale), Lequesne index, timed "Up & Go" (TUG) test, single-limb stance (SLS) test, use of rescue analgesics, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients were available for the intention-to-treat analysis at 6 months. Both groups had a significant improvement in the VAS, WOMAC, and Lequesne index scores at each follow-up visit (p < 0.001). Patients who received HYA-JOINT Plus experienced a significantly greater improvement in the VAS pain score at 1, 3, and 6 months compared with those treated with Synvisc-One (adjusted mean difference: -12.0, -8.5, and -6.6; p = 0.001, 0.033, and 0.045, respectively). There were no significant between-group differences in any of the secondary outcomes except the WOMAC stiffness scores at 6 months, which favored HYA-JOINT Plus treatment (p = 0.043). The TUG time did not change significantly in either group during the study (p > 0.05), but the SLS time improved significantly in both the HYA-JOINT Plus and the Synvisc-One group (p = 0.004 and p = 0.022, respectively). No significant between-group differences were observed with respect to patient satisfaction or consumption of analgesics. No serious adverse events occurred following the injections. CONCLUSIONS: A single injection of either HYA-JOINT Plus or Synvisc-One is safe and effective for 6 months in patients with knee osteoarthritis. HYA-JOINT Plus is superior to Synvisc-One in terms of reducing the VAS pain score at 1, 3, and 6 months and the WOMAC stiffness score at 6 months, with similar safety. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Viscossuplementos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Satisfação do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento , Viscossuplementos/administração & dosagem , Viscossuplementos/efeitos adversos
5.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 38(9): E569-72, 2013 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23380822

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To discuss a case of atlantoaxial rotatory fixation (AARF) successfully treated with manual therapy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A 9-year-old girl experienced acute torticollis and neck stiffness after a traffic accident. Image studies revealed AARF, a cause of pediatric torticollis. She received closed reduction with the aid of C-arm fluoroscopy under general anesthesia. She was referred to the researchers' rehabilitation clinic because of unsolved torticollis and limited head rotation. At her initial visit, we found that her head tilted to the right and rotated to the left. Tenderness and muscle guarding over the right suboccipital region were also apparent. The first manual therapy significantly improved neck motion after soft tissue release applying to the suboccipital muscle group. METHODS: We arranged for her to enter a rehabilitation program including (1) soft tissue release technique to the suboccipital muscle group for 10 minutes and (2) muscle energy technique for neck flexion, extension, lateral bending, and rotation for 10 to 15 minutes. RESULTS: After 3 months' rehabilitation, her symptoms of torticollis, neck pain, and limited range of motion achieved near-total recovery. CONCLUSION: This case report presents the association between suboccipital muscles and AARF, suggesting that the soft tissue release of suboccipital muscle group may facilitate recovery from AARF. More studies are needed to verify the inferences of this case report.


Assuntos
Articulação Atlantoaxial/patologia , Articulação Atlantoaxial/cirurgia , Torcicolo/diagnóstico , Torcicolo/reabilitação , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
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