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1.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 131970, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450370

RESUMO

In this study, a polydopamine (PDA) modified attapulgite (ATP) supported nano sized zero-valent iron (nZVI) composite (PDA/ATP-nZVI) was rapidly synthesized under acidic conditions, and employed to alleviate Cr(VI) toxicity from an aqueous solution. Kinetic studies revealed that Cr(VI) adsorption process followed the pseudo-second order model, suggesting chemisorption was the dominant adsorption mechanism. Liu isotherm adsorption model was able to better describe the Cr(VI) adsorption isotherm with the maximum adsorption capacity of 134.05 mg/g. The thermodynamic study demonstrated that the adsorption process occurred spontaneously, accompanied by the increase in entropy and endothermic reaction. Low concentrations of coexisting ions had negligible effects on the removal of Cr(VI), while high concentrations of interfering ions were able to facilitate the removal of Cr(VI). Reactive species test revealed that Fe2+ played a key role in Cr(VI) reduction by PDA/ATP-nZVI. PDA enhanced the elimination of Cr(VI) via donation of electrons to Cr(VI) and acceleration of Fe3+ transformation to Fe2+. Furthermore, PDA was able to effectively inhibit the leaching of iron species and generation of ferric hydroxide sludge. Mechanistic study revealed that 72% of Cr(VI) elimination was attributed to reduction/precipitation, while 28% of Cr(VI) elimination was due to the surface adsorption.


Assuntos
Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cromo , Indóis , Cinética , Compostos de Magnésio , Polímeros , Compostos de Silício , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127164, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534803

RESUMO

Non-ferrous metal(loid)s in region with karst characteristic are highly diffusible, especially by runoff or atmospheric deposition. However, microbiota in response to the diffusing metal(loid)s is still to be understood. In this study, we focused on microbiota across metal(loid)s diffusion pathways around a non-ferrous smelting assembly. The microbial distribution and metal(loid)s-microbial interactions were analysed by 16S rRNA amplicon and multivariate statistical analysis. Although runoff and atmospheric deposition showed similar metal(loid)s diffusion contribution, different microbial compositions were revealed. The microbiota along the runoff transect (region3) was similar to those within the atmospheric deposition transect (region4), which significantly differed from those closer to the smelting assembly (region1 and region2; R2 = 0.3866, p = 0.001). Random forest model indicated the negative impacts of bioavailable metal(loid)s on microbial diversity. Proteobacteria was predominant in region1 while Actinobacteriota dominated in the other regions. Twenty abundant genera were identified in metal(loid)s rich area, such as sulfur metabolizer Sulfurifustis and metal resistant Acinetobacter. Interactions between the geochemical parameters and the dominant taxa indicated that the main drivers were Al, Sb, As and their bioavailable fractions and sulfate. This study provides understandings of microbiota patterns towards different metal(loid)s diffusion pathways around non-ferrous smelting assembly with karst characteristic.

3.
Talanta ; 236: 122840, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635230

RESUMO

Ultrasensitive detection of biomarkers at an early stage is generally limited by external influence factors such as high reaction temperature, complex operations, and sophisticated instruments. Here, we circumvent these problems by using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) to control electroinitiated reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (electro-RAFT) polymerization for biosensing that enables the detection of a few molecules of target DNA. In this coenzyme-catalyzed electro-RAFT polymerization, numerous ferrocenylmethyl methacrylate (FCMMA) as monomer with electrochemistry signal were linked to the biomarker on Au electrode. Afterwards, a strong oxidation peak appears at the potential of about 0.3 V that represents a typical oxidation potential of FCMMA. The sensitivity of this methodology was presented by detecting DNA from 10-1 to 104 fM concentration and detection limit (LOD) being down to 4.39 aM in 10 µL samples. This is lower by factors than detection limits of most other ultra-sensitive electrochemical DNA assays.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Catálise , Coenzimas , DNA , Polimerização
4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(45): 25994-26003, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783808

RESUMO

To easily synthesize a piezoelectric quantum anomalous Hall insulator (PQAHI), the Janus monolayer Fe2IBr (FeI0.5Br0.5) as a representative PQAHI, is generalized to monolayer FeI1-xBrx (x = 0.25 and 0.75) with α and ß phases. By first-principles calculations, it is proved that monolayer FeI1-xBrx (x = 0.25 and 0.75) are dynamically, mechanically and thermally stable. They are excellent room-temperature PQAHIs with high Curie temperatures, sizable gaps and high Chern number (C = 2). Because the considered crystal structures of α and ß phases possess Mx and My mirror symmetries, the topological properties of monolayer FeI1-xBrx (x = 0.25 and 0.75) are maintained. Namely, if the constructed structures have Mx and My mirror symmetries, the mixing ratio of Br and I atoms can be generalized for other proportions. It is also found that different crystal phases have important effects on the out-of-plane piezoelectric response, and the piezoelectric strain coefficient, d32, of the ß phase is higher than or comparable with those of other known two-dimensional (2D) materials. To further confirm this idea, the physical and chemical properties of monolayer LiFeSe0.75S0.25 with α and ß phases, as a generalization of PQAHI LiFeSe0.5S0.5, is investigated, as it has a similar electronic structure, magnetic and topological properties as LiFeSe0.5S0.5. Our work provides a practical guide to achieve PQAHIs experimentally, and the combination of piezoelectricity, topological and ferromagnetic (FM) orders makes Fe2I2-based monolayers a potential platform for multi-functional spintronics and piezoelectric electronics.

5.
Chemosphere ; : 132727, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743799

RESUMO

The presence of chlorophenols in water and wastewater is considered a serious environmental issue. To eliminate these micropollutants, biodegradation of chlorophenols using enzyme-nanoparticle conjugated biocatalyst, is proposed as an economical and eco-friendly method. Herein, amino-functionalized superparamagnetic Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2 nanoparticles with core-shell structure were constructed as a promising carrier for immobilization of laccase from Trametes versicolor. Compared with free laccase, Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2-Laccase displayed remarkable outcomes in all major areas such as temperature and storage stabilities, and tolerance to organic solvents and metal ions. The biocatalytic performance and reusability of Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2-Laccase were evaluated for the degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) in repeated cycles. Even after 10 successive reuses, the degradation rate of 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP were found to be 54.9% and 68.7%, respectively. The influences of solution pH, initial chlorophenol concentration, and temperature on the degradation rate of these two chlorophenols were evaluated. The degradation intermediate products including dimers, trimers, and tetramers of 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP were identified. Release of chloride ions was observed during the enzymatic degradation of these two chlorophenols. Based on the determination of intermediate products and released chloride ions, the degradation pathway that was involved in dehydrogenation, reactive radical intermediates formation, dechlorination, self-coupling and oligomers/polymers formation was proposed. The toxicity of these two chlorophenols and their intermediates was substantially reduced during the enzymatic degradation. The results of this study might present an alternative clean biotechnology for the remediation of 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP contaminated water matrices.

6.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(11): 7325-7332, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genome-editing techniques incorporating artificial nucleases develop rapidly and enable efficient and precise modification of genomic DNA of numerous organisms. The present research aimed to establish a rapid, sensitive and visual method for genotyping of germline genome-edited mutants with small genomic fragment deletion. METHODS AND RESULTS: The genome-edited pigs with 2-bp deletion and 11-bp deletion of Myostatin (MSTN) gene generated by TALENs system were used as test materials to check the proposed allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) and lateral flow nucleic acid biosensor (LFNAB) cascade method. AS-PCR can produce products with different tags to distinguish genome-edited alleles and wild-type alleles. A LFNAB was applied to do visual detection of AS-PCR products without using additional instruments. Furthermore, we demonstrated that AS-PCR and LFNAB cascade could accurately and visually distinguish genome-edited pigs with small genomic fragment deletion of Myostatin (MSTN) gene and wild-type pigs with limit of detection (LOD) of 0.1 ng. CONCLUSION: The proposed AS-PCR and LFNAB cascade can do rapid and visual genotyping of genome-edited mutants with small genomic fragment deletion, serving as a platform for genome-edited animal genotyping.

7.
Nanoscale ; 13(30): 12956-12965, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477779

RESUMO

A two-dimensional (2D) material with piezoelectricity, topological and ferromagnetic (FM) properties, namely a 2D piezoelectric quantum anomalous hall insulator (PQAHI), may open new opportunities to realize novel physics and applications. Here, by first-principles calculations, a family of 2D Janus monolayer Fe2IX (X = Cl and Br) with dynamic, mechanical, and thermal stabilities is predicted to be a room-temperature PQAHI. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC), the monolayer Fe2IX (X = Cl and Br) is in a half Dirac semimetal state. When the SOC is included, these monolayers become quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) states with sizable gaps (more than 200 meV) and two chiral edge modes (Chern number C = 2). It is also found that the monolayer Fe2IX (X = Cl and Br) possesses robust QAH states against the biaxial strain. By symmetry analysis, it is found that only an out-of-plane piezoelectric response can be induced by a uniaxial strain in the basal plane. The calculated out-of-plane d31 of Fe2ICl (Fe2IBr) is 0.467 pm V-1 (0.384 pm V-1), which is higher than or comparable with those of other 2D known materials. Meanwhile, using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, the Curie temperature TC is estimated to be 429/403 K for the monolayer Fe2ICl/Fe2IBr at the FM ground state, which is above room temperature. Finally, the interplay of electronic correlations with nontrivial band topology is studied to confirm the robustness of the QAH state. The combination of piezoelectricity, topological and FM orders makes the monolayer Fe2IX (X = Cl and Br) become a potential platform for multi-functional spintronic applications with a large gap and high TC. Our work provides the possibility to use the piezotronic effect to control QAH effects, and can stimulate further experimental works.

8.
Front Nutr ; 8: 700132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490322

RESUMO

Objective: At present, the association of body mass index (BMI) with the prognosis of liver cirrhosis is controversial. Our retrospective study aimed to evaluate the impact of BMI on the outcome of liver cirrhosis. Methods: In the first part, long-term death was evaluated in 436 patients with cirrhosis and without malignancy from our prospectively established single-center database. In the second part, in-hospital death was evaluated in 379 patients with cirrhosis and with acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) from our retrospective multicenter study. BMI was calculated and categorized as underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (18.5 ≤ BMI < 23.0 kg/m2), and overweight/obese (BMI ≥ 23.0 kg/m2). Results: In the first part, Kaplan-Meier curve analyses demonstrated a significantly higher cumulative survival rate in the overweight/obese group than the normal weight group (p = 0.047). Cox regression analyses demonstrated that overweight/obesity was significantly associated with decreased long-term mortality compared with the normal weight group [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.635; 95% CI: 0.405-0.998; p = 0.049] but not an independent predictor after adjusting for age, gender, and Child-Pugh score (HR = 0.758; 95%CI: 0.479-1.199; p = 0.236). In the second part, Kaplan-Meier curve analyses demonstrated no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate between the overweight/obese and the normal weight groups (p = 0.094). Cox regression analyses also demonstrated that overweight/obesity was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality compared with normal weight group (HR = 0.349; 95%CI: 0.096-1.269; p = 0.110). In both of the two parts, the Kaplan-Meier curve analyses demonstrated no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate between underweight and normal weight groups. Conclusion: Overweight/obesity is modestly associated with long-term survival in patients with cirrhosis but not an independent prognostic predictor. There is little effect of overweight/obesity on the short-term survival of patients with cirrhosis and with AGIB.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 676813, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512323

RESUMO

The ability of capsaicin co-treatment to sensitize cancer cells to anticancer drugs has been widely documented, but the detailed underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In addition, the role of ribophorin II turnover on chemosensitization is still uncertain. Here, we investigated capsaicin-induced sensitization to chemotherapeutic agents in the human oral squamous carcinoma cell lines, HSC-3 and SAS. We found that capsaicin (200 µM) did not induce remarkable apoptotic cell death in these cell lines; instead, it significantly enhanced autophagy with a concomitant decrease of ribophorin II protein. This capsaicin-induced decrease in ribophorin II was intensified by the autophagy inducer, rapamycin, but attenuated by the autophagy inhibitors, ULK1 inhibitor and chloroquine, indicating that the autophagic process was responsible for the capsaicin-induced down-regulation of ribophorin II. Co-administration of capsaicin with conventional anticancer agents did, indeed, sensitize the cancer cells to these agents. In co-treated cells, the induction of apoptosis was significantly reduced and the levels of the necroptosis markers, phospho-MLKL and phospho-RIP3, were increased relative to the levels seen in capsaicin treatment alone. The levels of DNA damage response markers were also diminished by co-treatment. Collectively, our results reveal a novel mechanism by which capsaicin sensitizes oral cancer cells to anticancer drugs through the up-regulation of autophagy and down-regulation of ribophorin II, and further indicate that the induction of necroptosis is a critical factor in the capsaicin-mediated chemosensitization of oral squamous carcinoma cells to conventional anticancer drugs.

10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 223: 112609, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: By exploring the exposure-response relationships between meteorological factors and rupture of intracranial aneurysm (IA) to reveal the influence of meteorological variation on IA rupture under the specific climate in Fujian, China. METHOD: 7515 cases of IA rupture from several municipal medical institutions in Fujian Province as well as local meteorological data during the same period were collected from 2013 to 2017. Poisson regression and Spearman correlation analysis were applied to explore the distribution characteristics of IA rupture and how it is associated with meteorological parameters. Poisson generalized additive model was established to further analyze the exposure-response relationships between meteorological factors and IA rupture, and its hysteresis effects. RESULT: The IA rupture exhibited a negative correlation with temperature (rs = -0.323, 95% CI: -0.539 ~ -0.068) and a positive correlation with atmospheric pressure (rs = 0.397, 95% CI: 0.152-0.597) or pressure difference (rs = 0.296, 95% CI: 0.038-0.517), 21.05 â„ƒ and 1000.14 hPa were the risk thresholds for the onset ascribed to variation in temperature and atmospheric pressure, respectively. Temperature and atmospheric pressure also exerted hysteresis effects on IA rupture. Cold will increase the rupture risk in the subsequent 1-3 days, and high pressure will raise the morbidity in the next 1-2 days. Besides, drastic variations in temperature and atmospheric pressure were also associated with the higher risk of IA rupture in the next 2 days and 1 day, respectively. CONCLUSION: Temperature and atmospheric pressure have a negative and positive correlation with IA rupture in Fujian, China, respectively. Variation in temperature and atmospheric pressure exert different degrees of hysteresis effects on IA rupture.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Intracraniano , Pressão Atmosférica , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Aneurisma Intracraniano/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26596, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232210

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to understand the clinical presentations of febrile young infants with severe bacterial infection (SBI), and to investigate the pathogen variations throughout the vaccine era and after antenatal group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening.All infants < 90 days old with a body temperature of ≥38.0°C and admitted to the emergency department were retrospectively enrolled in our study. SBI was defined as a positive culture of urine, blood, or cerebrospinal fluid. All clinical variables were analyzed and compared between the SBI group and the non-SBI group, to identify the relevant risk factors for SBI in infants with pyrexia.A total of 498 infants were studied, 279 of whom (56%) had SBI. The body temperature at triage was higher in the SBI group, and the difference was highly obvious in the neonatal group. White blood cell count and C-reactive protein levels were both significantly higher in the SBI group (P < .05), whereas neutrophil percentage and band percentage demonstrated no significant differences. Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen and plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum lactamases were detected in up to 9.1%. GBS was detected in 16 cases of bacteremia (6 cases with concurrent meningitis).The body temperature at triage may provide a clue for differentiating sick babies, especially in the neonatal group. Complete serum analysis is required for infection survey, especially white blood cell and C-reactive protein. Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen, and clinician should raise awareness of drug resistance in some patients. The prevalence of GBS infection in the young infant group remains high after routine antenatal GBS screening.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Febre/etiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Feminino , Febre/sangue , Febre/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: China banned the use of colistin as animal growth promoter in April 2017. Herein, we report the prevalence of mcr-1 in the intestine of healthy humans and risk factors associated with mcr-1 carriage after the implementation of the ban. METHODS: We recruited 719 healthy volunteers from Shenzhen City from 1 March 2018 to 31 December 2019 to investigate the prevalence of mcr-1 in human intestine, and undertook a case-control study to ascertain the risk factors associated with the mcr-1-positive population. A further comparative study was conducted to identify differences between genetic characteristics of mcr-1-positive and mcr-1-negative Escherichia coli. RESULTS: Overall, 56 (7.8%, 95% CI 5.9%-10.0%, n = 719) individual faecal samples were positive for mcr-1, and prevalence of mcr-1 among individuals in 2019 (2.4%, 95% CI 8.7%-15.0%, 7/294) was significantly lower than that in 2018 (11.5%, 95% CI 1.0%-4.8%, 49/425) (p < 0.0001). After the colistin ban, animal-derived food (pork and chicken meat) was no longer a risk factor for mcr-1 carriage in human intestine, whereas a higher intake of fish and seafood (>75 g/day) and whole grains (>150 g/day) was associated with higher and lower risk of mcr-1 carriage, respectively (OR 2.175, 95% CI 1.047-4.517; OR 0.045, 95% CI 0.004-0.567). Compared with mcr-1-negative E. coli, the mcr-1-positive E. coli had different patterns of resistance genes and genetic heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study implicates aquatic food as beeing associated with mcr-1 carriage in the healthy population, even after the ban on colistin. Dietary modification (e.g. whole grains) may help to combat mcr-1-positive bacterial colonization of the gut.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; : 126698, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315632

RESUMO

The heavy metal and organic pollution caused by mining activities keep attracting attention, thus an economic and efficient treatment for combined pollution is pressing. In this study, the simultaneous removal performance of typical organic flotation reagent 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-HQ) and Cr(VI) was investigated via heterogeneous Fenton process induced by a novel polydopamine (PDA) functionalized attapulgite supported nano sized zero-valent iron (nZVI) composite (PDA/ATP-nZVI). Batch experiments showed that PDA/ATP-nZVI had better catalytic reactivity and reduction ability than both ATP-nZVI and nZVI. Under acidic condition, 96.0% of 8-HQ was degraded accompanied with the 42.5% of total organic carbon (TOC) decrease, while 95.8% of Cr(VI) removal efficiency was accomplished by PDA/ATP-nZVI. PDA not only served as redox mediator in expediting electron transfer, but also acted as electron donor that accelerated transformation from Fe(III) to both dissolved Fe(II) and surface Fe(II), which resulted in the increased degradation of 8-HQ. The synergic removal behavior between 8-HQ and Cr(VI) was discussed and the reaction mechanism in the persulfate (PS)-PDA/ATP-nZVI system was also explored. This study developed a highly efficient heterogeneous catalyst, and demonstrated that the PS-PDA/ATP-nZVI system had a potential for remediation of mine environment polluted by both heavy metals and organic flotation reagents.

14.
Chemosphere ; 282: 130992, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087556

RESUMO

Mining and smelting activities have introduced severe potentially toxic metals (PTMs) contamination into surrounding soil settings. Influences of PTMs on microbial diversity have been widely studied. However, variations of microbial communities, network structures and community functions in different levels of PTMs contaminated soils adjacent to mining and smelting aera are still poorly investigated. In this study, microbial communities of soils around different levels of PTMs contamination were comprehensively studied by 16S rRNA gene amplicons high-throughput sequencing. Microbial interactions and module functions were also exploited to ascertain the discrepancies of PTMs concentration levels on microbial ecological functions. Results indicated that the microbial community composition was significantly distinct attributed to the phylum Protebacteria (p = 0.002) dominating in soil with high level PTMs contents but Actinobacteria (p = 0.002) in low level of PTMs-contaminated soil. Microbial α diversity was not significantly influenced by different levels of PTMs contaminations. Microorganisms proactively responded to PTMs content levels by means of strengthening network complexities and modularities among microbe-microbe interactions. The functions of main network modules were predicted associating membrane transport, amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism. The PTMs detoxification and anti-oxidation were significantly strengthened at the high level of PTMs contamination. The present study demonstrated that modification of microbial community by the adaptive adjustment of microbial compositions and strengthening their network complexity and modularity.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Microbiota , Poluentes do Solo , Metais Pesados/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 642916, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046405

RESUMO

Human Sertoli cell is required for completing normal spermatogenesis, and significantly, it has important applications in reproduction and regenerative medicine because of its great plasticity. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying the fate decisions of human Sertoli cells remain to be clarified. Here, we have demonstrated the expression, function, and mechanism of Homo sapiens-microRNA (hsa-miR)-100-3p in human Sertoli cells. We revealed that miR-100-3p was expressed at a higher level in human Sertoli cells by 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) than 0.5% FBS. MiR-100-3p mimics enhanced the DNA synthesis and the proliferation of human Sertoli cells, as indicated by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assays. Flow cytometry showed that miR-100-3p mimics reduced the apoptosis of human Sertoli cells, and notably, we predicted and further identified serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase family member 3 (SGK3) as a direct target of MiR-100-3p. SGK3 silencing increased the proliferation and decreased the apoptosis of human Sertoli cells, while SGK3 siRNA 3 assumed a similar role to miR-100-3p mimics in human Sertoli cells. Collectively, our study indicates that miR-100-3p regulates the fate decisions of human Sertoli cells by binding to SGK3. This study is of great significance, since it provides the novel epigenetic regulator for the proliferation and apoptosis of human Sertoli cells and it may offer a new clue for gene therapy of male infertility.

16.
Environ Pollut ; 286: 117285, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984773

RESUMO

Butyl Xanthate (BX) is a typical flotation reagent used to extract non-ferrous nickel ores, discharged into the surrounding environment of mining areas in large quantities. However, few studies have focused on the toxicity of combined pollution of BX and nickel (Ni) on aquatic plants, especially phytoplankton, the main producer of aquatic ecosystems. The toxicity and potential mechanism of single and combined pollution of BX and Ni at different concentrations (0-20 mg L-1) on typical freshwater algae (Chlorella pyrenoidosa) were studied. BX slightly stimulated the growth of C. pyrenoidosa on the first day, but Ni and Ni/BX mixture significantly inhibited it during incubation. Results showed that the inhibition rate (I) of the pollutants on the growth of C. pyrenoidosa followed the order: Ni/BX mixture > Ni > BX. The 96-h 20% effective inhibitory concentrations (96h-EC20) of Ni and BX on C. pyrenoidosa growth were 3.86 mg L-1 and 19.25 mg L-1, respectively, indicating C. pyrenoidosa was sensitive to pollutants. The content of total soluble protein (TSP) and chlorophyll a (Chl-a) changed significantly, which may be caused by the damage of pollutants to cell structures (cell membranes and chloroplasts). In addition, the I of pollutants on C. pyrenoidosa growth was related to dose, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and malondialdehyde (MDA). The increasement of reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant enzymes (SOD and CAT), and MDA content, suggested C. pyrenoidosa suffered from oxidative stress, leading to lipid oxidation. These results will help to understand the toxicity mechanism of pollutants in typical mining areas and assess the environmental risks of pollutants to primary producers in aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Clorofila A , Ecossistema , Água Doce , Indicadores e Reagentes , Níquel/toxicidade , Superóxido Dismutase , Tionas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
17.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(5): 2151-2159, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792761

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, white-pigmented, short rod-shaped, and alginate-degrading bacterium, designated B1Z28T, was isolated from the gut of the abalone Haliotis rubra obtained at Weihai, China. Strain B1Z28T was found to grow at 4-35 °C, pH 6.5-9.0, and in the presence of 0.5-8.0% (w/v) NaCl. Cells were positive for oxidase and catalase activity. The 16S rRNA-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that the nearest phylogenetic neighbors of strain B1Z28T were Tritonibacter scottomollicae MCCC 1A06440T (98.1%), Ruegeria faecimaris KCTC 23044T (98.0%), and Ruegeria meonggei KCTC 32450T (97.8%). Based on phylogenomic analysis, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strain B1Z28T and the neighbor strains were 71.6, 77.2, and 78.1%, respectively; the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values based on the draft genomes between strain B1Z28T and its closest neighbors were 20.5, 20.8, and 21.6%, respectively. Ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) was detected as the predominant respiratory quinone. The dominant cellular fatty acids were Summed feature 8 (contained C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c). The polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phospholipid (PL), aminolipid (AL), and three unidentified lipids. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain B1Z28T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Ruegeria, for which the name Ruegeria haliotis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B1Z28T (= KCTC 72686T = MCCC 1H00393T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(5): 2357-2364, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656587

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, yellow-pigmented rod-shaped and alginate-degrading bacterium, designated B1N29T, was isolated from the gut of the abalone Haliotis rubra obtained in Weihai, China. Strain B1N29T was found to grow at 4-35 ℃ (optimum, 25 ℃), at pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, 7.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0.5-9% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2%). Cells were positive for oxidase and catalase activity. The 16S rRNA-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that the nearest phylogenetic neighbors of strain B1N29T were Tamlana carrageenivorans KCTC 62451T (98.2%) and Tamlana agarivorans KCTC 22176T (97.7%). Based on the phylogenomic analysis, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strain B1N29T and the neighbor strains were 79.2 and 79.0%, respectively; the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain B1N29T and its two closest neighbors were 22.8 and 23.0%, respectively. Menaquinone-6 (MK-6) was detected as the sole respiratory quinone. The dominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C15:1 G. The polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one aminophospholipid, seven aminolipids and five unidentified lipids. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain B1N29T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Tamlana, for which the name Tamlana haliotis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B1N29T (= KCTC 72683T = MCCC 1H00394T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Gastrópodes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Asian J Androl ; 23(3): 240-248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533740

RESUMO

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) have great applications in both reproductive and regenerative medicine. Primates including monkeys are very similar to humans with regard to physiology and pathology. Nevertheless, little is known about the isolation, the characteristics, and the culture of primate SSCs. This study was designed to identify, isolate, and culture monkey SSCs. Immunocytochemistry was used to identify markers for monkey SSCs. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family receptor alpha-1 (GFRA1)-enriched spermatogonia were isolated from monkeys, namely Macaca fascicularis (M. fascicularis), by two-step enzymatic digestion and magnetic-activated cell sorting, and they were cultured on precoated plates in the conditioned medium. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunocytochemistry, and RNA sequencing were used to compare phenotype and transcriptomes in GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia between 0 day and 14 days of culture, and xenotransplantation was performed to evaluate the function of GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia. SSCs shared some phenotypes with rodent and human SSCs. GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia with high purity and viability were isolated from M. fascicularis testes. The freshly isolated cells expressed numerous markers for rodent SSCs, and they were cultured for 14 days. The expression of numerous SSC markers was maintained during the cultivation of GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia. RNA sequencing reflected a 97.3% similarity in global gene profiles between 0 day and 14 days of culture. The xenotransplantation assay indicated that the GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia formed colonies and proliferated in vivo in the recipient c-KitW/W (W) mutant mice. Collectively, GFRA1-enriched spermatogonia are monkey SSCs phenotypically both in vitro and in vivo. This study suggests that monkey might provide an alternative to human SSCs for basic research and application in human diseases.

20.
Clin Exp Med ; 21(3): 369-377, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635476

RESUMO

Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (CAEBV) infection is a rare disease with a high mortality rate. Our study aimed to summarize the clinicopathological characteristics of CAEBV infection in adults and improve knowledge of the disease. Data for 19 adult patients with CAEBV confirmed at our hospital from January 2010 to December 2019 were collected retrospectively. There were 14 males and 5 females, and the median age was 33 years (range 14-83). The main clinical manifestations included recurrent fever (84.2%, 16/19), splenomegaly (89.5%, 17/19), hepatomegaly (73.6%, 14/19), lymphadenopathy (42.1%, 8/19), abnormal liver function (78.9%, 15/19), hemopenia (94.7%, 18/19), and hemophagocytosis (52.6%, 10/19). A total of 22 specimens were collected from 19 patients for histopathology. Most of the biopsy specimens showed lymphocyte infiltration. Immunohistochemical staining and EBV-encoded small RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization were performed for 14 of the 22 samples. CD3 and CD20 staining were positive, with more CD3-positive cells than CD20-positive cells (100%, 14/14), and EBER in situ hybridization was positive in most cases (85.7%, 12/14). More than half of TCR gene rearrangement tests showed monoclonal rearrangement (66.6%, 4/6). Mortality was high, with most CAEBV patients dying during the period from diagnosis to the end of follow-up (12/19, 63%); the median survival time was only 20.75 months. Based on limited data, we consider that CAEBV is a disease with different ages of onset and is a complex and heterogeneous syndrome with features of both immunodeficiency and malignant neoplasms. Furthermore, the prognosis of adult-onset CAEBV appears to be very poor.

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