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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(42): 13680-13686, 2018 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30280886

RESUMO

Precise measurement of the temperature right at the surface of thermoplasmonic nanostructures is a grand challenge but extremely important for the photochemical reaction and photothermal therapy. We present here a method capable of measuring the surface temperature of plasmonic nanostructures with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, which is not achievable by existing methods. We observe a sensitive shift of stretching vibration of a phenyl isocyanide molecule with temperature (0.232 cm-1/°C) as a result of the temperature-dependent molecular orientation change. We develop this phenomenon into a method capable of measuring the surface temperature of Au nanoparticles (NPs) during plasmonic excitation, which is validated by monitoring the laser-induced desorption process of the adsorbed CO on Au NP surface. We further extend the method into a more demanding single living cell thermometry that requires a high spatial resolution, which allows us to successfully monitor the extracellular temperature distribution of a single living cell experiencing cold resistance and the intracellular temperature change during the calcium ion transport process.

2.
Nat Commun ; 8: 14891, 2017 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28348368

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy has attracted tremendous interests as a highly sensitive label-free tool. The local field produced by the excitation of localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) dominates the overall enhancement of SERS. Such an electromagnetic enhancement is unfortunately accompanied by a strong modification in the relative intensity of the original Raman spectra, which highly distorts spectral features providing chemical information. Here we propose a robust method to retrieve the fingerprint of intrinsic chemical information from the SERS spectra. The method is established based on the finding that the SERS background originates from the LSPR-modulated photoluminescence, which contains the local field information shared also by SERS. We validate this concept of retrieval of intrinsic fingerprint information in well controlled single metallic nanoantennas of varying aspect ratios. We further demonstrate its unambiguity and generality in more complicated systems of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) and SERS of silver nanoaggregates.

3.
Anal Chem ; 87(2): 1058-65, 2015 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25494875

RESUMO

Noble metal nanoparticles have unique localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), leading to their strong absorption and scattering in the visible light range. Up to date, the common practice in the selection of nanoparticles for a specific application is still based on the measured extinction spectra. This practice may be erroneous, because the extinction spectra contain both absorption and scattering contribution that may play different roles in different applications. It would be highly desirable to develop an efficient way to obtain the absorption and scattering spectra simultaneously. Herein, we develop a method to use the experimentally measured extinction and scattering signals to extract the absorption and scattering spectra that is in excellent agreement with that simulated by discrete dipole approximation (DDA). The heating curve measurement on the three types of gold nanorods, with almost the same extinction spectra but different absorption and scattering contribution, convincingly reveals an excellent correlation between the heating effect and the absorption strength rather than the extinction strength. The result demonstrates the importance to obtain the scattering and absorption spectra to predict the potential application for different types of nanoparticles, which in turn will screen efficiently nanoparticles for a specific application.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 15(24): 9812-22, 2013 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23676866

RESUMO

Oxides formed by electrochemical treatment of metals frequently have properties and structures very different from the respective bulk oxides. Here, electronic structure and chemical composition were investigated for the oxide formed on polycrystalline zinc after electrochemical oxidation, and after subsequent reduction, in a Na2CO3 electrolyte. Photoluminescence and spectroscopic ellipsometry show the presence of states deep in the ZnO band gap in the oxidized sample, which consists of a highly disordered oxide. These states determine the absorption of light in the visible spectral range. After reduction, the characteristics of the ZnO electronic structure have disappeared, leaving a defect-dominated material with a band gap of ~1.8 eV. Complementary detailed analysis of the morphology of the resulting surfaces shows hexagon-shaped metallic Zn-"nanoplates" to be formed in the reduction step. The optical appearance of the surfaces is dark, because of their efficient extinction of light over a large part of the visible spectrum. The optical appearance is a result of changed surface morphology and electronic structure of the oxide film. Such materials may possess interesting applications in photocatalysis or photoelectrochemistry.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 15(12): 4130-5, 2013 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23400238

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) benefits from the enhanced electromagnetic field of the localized surface plasmon resonance effect of metallic (especially coinage metals) nanoparticles or nanostructures. The detection sensitivity and reproducibility of SERS measurement appear to be the two critical issues in SERS. To solve the problem associated with traditional nanoparticle aggregates and SERS substrates, we propose in this work single particle SERS. We prepared uniform gold microspheres with controllable size and surface roughness using an etching-assisted seed-mediated method. Single particle dark-field spectroscopy and SERS measurements show that particles with a larger roughness give a stronger SERS signal, but still retain a good reproducibility. This study points to the promising future of the practical application of the single particle SERS technique for trace analysis.

6.
Small ; 9(13): 2308-15, 2013 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23401271

RESUMO

A quantitative understanding of the localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) of metallic nanostructures has received tremendous interest. However, most of the current studies are concentrated on theoretical calculation due to the difficulty in experimentally obtaining monodisperse discrete metallic nanostructures with high purity. In this work, endeavors to assemble symmetric and asymmetric gold nanoparticle (AuNP) dimer structures with exceptional purity are reported using a DNA self-assembly strategy through a one-step gel electrophoresis, which greatly facilitates the preparation process and improves the final purity. In the obtained Au nanodimers, the sizes of AuNPs (13, 20, and 40 nm) and the interparticle distances (5, 10, and 15 nm) are tunable. The size- and distance-dependent plasmon coupling of ensembles of single, isolated dimers in solution are subsequently investigated. The experimental measurements are correlated with the modeled plasmon optical properties of Au nanodimers, showing an expected resonance shift with changing particle sizes and interparticle distances. This new strategy of constructing monodisperse metallic nanodimers will be helpful for building more complicated nanostructures, and our theoretical and experimental understanding of the intrinsic dependence of plasmon property of metallic nanodimer on the sizes and interparticle distances will benefit the future investigation and exploitation of near-field plasmonic properties.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Ouro/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Dimerização , Eletroforese , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Espalhamento de Radiação , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(41): 4962-4, 2012 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22506270

RESUMO

Aiming to solve the problem of simulation of the potential dependent surface Raman spectra of anion containing surface complexes on electrodes, we developed a new simulation model by adding different cations (Li(+), Na(+), K(+), Rb(+) or Cs(+)) attached to the bottom layer of a large metallic cluster while the surface complex sits on the top layer.

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