Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 235
Filtrar
1.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(1): 32-39, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis, a recurrent incendiary autoimmune joint syndrome, features by prominent synovial hyperplasia. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes are the executive components in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. It is generally accepted that excessive proliferation and reduced apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes lead to synovial hyperplasia. Our previously studies found that sorafenib could inhibit adjuvant arthritis in rats and induced adjuvant arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes apoptosis. Presently, we aim to investigate the inhibitory effect with mechanisms of action of sorafenib on adjuvant arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes proliferation. METHODS: Cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry detection were conducted to monitor FLSs proliferation and cell cycle. Western blotting and qPCR assays were performed to detect P21, P53, CDK4, CyclinD1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen content levels. KEY FINDINGS: Sorafenib significantly inhibited adjuvant arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes proliferation with an IC50 value of 4 µmol/L by a concentration-dependent pattern, which accompanies by G1 cell cycle arrest. Also, sorafenib significantly decreased the levels of P21, CyclinD1, CDK4 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, as well as up-regulated P53 expression in adjuvant arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Sorafenib could inhibit adjuvant arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes proliferation via arresting G1/S cell cycle progression, which was partially through CDK4/CyclinD1-mediated pathway, as well as up-regulating P53 and down-regulating proliferating cell nuclear antigen expressions. These results suggest that sorafenib may provide a new paradigm for rheumatoid arthritis treatment.

2.
GM Crops Food ; 12(1): 328-341, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882798

RESUMO

Transgene escape into natural ecosystems through seed spraying or transgene introgression may potentially cause environmental biosafety problems. In this study, we assessed the environmental risk of insect-resistant transgenic rice entering farmland margins or natural ecosystems adjacent to farmland. Transgenic Cry1C* rice (T1C-19) was used to study the effects of exogenous Cry1C* expression on vegetative and reproductive growth indices under different growing conditions using the following four combined treatments of land use and weeds: farmland and uncultivated land without weeds (F-NW and U-NW, respectively), and farmland and uncultivated land with weeds (F-W and U-W, respectively). The expression of Cry1C* protein under the U-NW, F-W, and U-W conditions was significantly lower than under the control condition, F-NW. Tiller number, biomass, filled grain number, filled grain weight, and other vegetative and reproductive indices were significantly lower in the rice line TIC-19 than in MH63 under F-NW and U-NW conditions, indicating a significant fitness cost. However, under F-W and U-W conditions, vegetative growth indices such as plant height, tiller number, and biomass, as well as reproductive growth indices such as filled grain number per plant, filled grain weight per plant, and seed setting rate in TIC-19 were similar to those in MH63, indicating a long-term coexistence. These results indicate a lower ecological risk of T1C-19 compared to MH63 under F-NW and U-NW, although their long-term coexistence may lead to potential ecological risks under F-W and U-W.


Assuntos
Oryza , Animais , Ecossistema , Insetos , Oryza/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Transgenes
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125849, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894437

RESUMO

Spent hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalysts, containing considerable amount of pollutants and metals including vanadium (V), molybdenum (Mo), aluminum (Al), and nickel (Ni), are considered as hazardous wastes which will result in not only ecosystem damage but also squandering resource. Herein, a process featuring blank roasting-alkaline leaching is proposed to recover spent HDS catalyst. During roasting, low-valence compounds convert to high-valence oxides which can be leached out by NaOH solution. Afterwards, leaching solution is subjected to crystallization to separate metals. The results show that for samples roasted at 650 °C, 97% V, 96% Mo, and 88% Al are leached out at optimal condition; for samples roasted at 1000 °C, selective leaching of 91% V and 96% Mo respectively, are realized, with negligible Al being dissolved. NiO is insoluble in strong alkali leaving in residue. The advantages of this process are that first, the leaching of V, Mo, and Al can be manipulated by controlling roasting conditions, providing flexible process design. Second, leaching solution can be fully recycled. Finally, mild leaching condition and clean separation of V, Mo, and Al is achieved, proving fundamental information for peer researches to facilitate their future research on the development of more efficient and cleaner technologies.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 597: 233-241, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872880

RESUMO

Ferroelectric polarizationhas been considered to be an key factor to tune the structural and photoelectric properties of perovskites and their heterostructures. While there has been growing researches made in the novel phenomena originating from interface formed between oxide perovskites, the effects of ferroelectric polarization on the electronic properties of halide perovskites and their heterostructures are rarely studied. Herein, by using first-principles calculations, all-inorganic halide perovskite heterostructure composed of 3D perovskite tetragonal CsPbBr3 and 2D Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) perovskite Cs2PbI2Cl2 is constructed for disclosing the relationship between the intrinsic polarization of tetragonal CsPbBr3 and electronic band structure of heterostructure. Cs atoms and Pb atoms of tetragonal CsPbBr3 in heterostructure are artificially moved away from the equivalent centers to simulate increased polarization. Our results show that with the spontaneous polarization of tetragonal CsPbBr3 increasing, the bandgap of heterostructure decreases, and the band alignment switches from staggered type-II to broken-gap type-III. Moreover, large cation-anion displacements along z-direction in tetragonal CsPbBr3 can be observed when tensile strains (≥5%) are applied, indicating a increased ferroelectric polarization, which also facilitates the decreasing of bandgap in heterostructure and the type-II-type-III transition of band alignment. Our study suggests that control over the polarization of ferroelectric materials is of great importance to tune the photoelectric properties of perovskite-based devices.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682300

RESUMO

Serotonin N-acetyltransferase (SNAT) is the key rate-limiting enzyme in melatonin biosynthesis. It mediates melatonin biosynthesis in plants by using serotonin and 5-methoxytryptamine (5-MT), but little is known of its underlying mechanisms. Herein, we present a detailed reaction mechanism of a SNAT from Oryza sativa through combined structural and molecular dynamics (MD) analysis. We report the crystal structures of plant SNAT in the apo and binary/ternary complex forms with acetyl-CoA (AcCoA), serotonin, and 5-MT. OsSNAT exhibits a unique enzymatically active dimeric fold not found in the known structures of arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT) family. The key residues W188, D189, D226, N220, and Y233 located around the active pocket are important in catalysis, confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis. Combined with MD simulations, we hypothesize a novel plausible catalytic mechanism in which D226 and Y233 function as catalytic base and acid during the acetyl-transfer reaction.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e25239, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no systematic review to compare the efficacy of acupuncture and acupotomy in patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy. It is worthy to critically review the evidence of the comparison of these 2 therapies to inform clinical practice. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and acupotomy in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and to provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: Seven electronic databases including Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, Wanfang Data, Scopus, Science Direct, Cochrane Library were searched in March 2021 by 2 independent reviewers. Data extraction was performed independently, and any conflict was resolved before final analysis. Only randomized clinical trials were included in this study. Outcomes included pain intensity, symptom score, neck disability index, total effective rate, and curative rate. The Cochrane risk of bias tool is used to evaluate the risk of bias of included randomized controlled trials by 2 independent reviewers. RESULTS: We hypothesized that these 2 methods would provide similar therapeutic benefits. The results of this research will be delivered in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This study expects to provide credible and scientific clinical evidence for the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and acupotomy in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: 10.17605/OSF.IO/U7T6A.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Radiculopatia/terapia , Espondilose/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Nutrients ; 13(2)2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671493

RESUMO

A few studies suggested high stereo-specifically numbered (sn)-2 palmitate in a formula might favor the gut Bifidobacteria of infants. The initial colonization and subsequent development of gut microbiota in early life might be associated with development and later life functions of the central nervous system via the microbiota-gut-brain axis, such as children with autism. This study aims to assess the hypothesized effect of increasing the amount of palmitic acid esterified in the sn-2 position in infant formula on neurodevelopment in healthy full-term infants and to explore the association of this effect with the altered gut Bifidobacteria. One hundred and ninety-nine infants were enrolled in this cluster randomized clinical trial: 66 breast-fed (BF group) and 133 formula-fed infants who were clustered and randomly assigned to receive formula containing high sn-2 palmitate (sn-2 group, n = 66) or low sn-2 palmitate (control group, n = 67), where 46.3% and 10.3% of the palmitic acid (PA) was sn-2-palmitate, respectively. Infants' neurodevelopmental outcomes were measured by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, third edition (ASQ-3). Stool samples were collected for the analysis of Bifidobacteria (Trial registration number: ChiCTR1800014479). At week 16, the risk of scoring close to the threshold for fine motor skills (reference: scoring above the typical development threshold) was significantly lower in the sn-2 group than the control group after adjustment for the maternal education level (p = 0.036) but did not differ significantly versus the BF group (p = 0.513). At week 16 and week 24, the sn-2 group (week 16: 15.7% and week 24: 15.6%) had a significantly higher relative abundance of fecal Bifidobacteria than the control group (week 16: 6.6%, p = 0.001 and week 24:11.2%, p = 0.028) and did not differ from the BF group (week 16: 14.4%, p = 0.674 and week 24: 14.9%, p = 0.749). At week 16, a higher relative abundance of Bifidobacteria was associated with the decreased odds of only one domain scoring close to the threshold in the formula-fed infants group (odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.947 (0.901-0.996)). Elevating the sn-2 palmitate level in the formula improved infants' development of fine motor skills, and the beneficial effects of high sn-2 palmitate on infant neurodevelopment was associated with the increased gut Bifidobacteria level.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5260, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664278

RESUMO

Aphids are infected by a series of bacteria that can help them survive on specific host plants. However, the associations between aphids and these bacteria are not clear, and the bacterial communities in many aphid species are poorly characterized. Here, we investigated the bacterial communities of cotton aphids (Aphis gossypii) on 2 representative winter host plants and transferred to 3 summer host plants by 16S rDNA sequencing using the Illumina MiSeq platform. Our results revealed that the bacterial communities varied among cotton aphids on hibiscus, cotton aphids on pomegranate, cotton aphids on cotton transferred from hibiscus, cotton aphids on muskmelon transferred from hibiscus, cotton aphids on cucumber transferred from hibiscus,. The diversity and richness of the bacterial communities were significantly higher in aphids on muskmelon and aphids on cucumber than in the other treatments. There were two main factors influencing the distribution of internal bacterial OTUs revealed by principal component analysis, including the differences among Punicaceae, Malvaceae and Cucurbitaceae. There were 28 bacterial communities with significant differences between two arbitrary treatments, which could be grouped into 6 main clusters depending on relative abundance. Moreover, our results indicated that in addition to the obligate endosymbiont Buchnera, with a dominant position (> 52%), A. gossypii also harbored 3 facultative endosymbiotic bacteria (Serratia, Arsenophonus, and Wolbachia) and 3 possibly symbiotic bacteria (Acinetobacter, Pantoea, and Flavobacterium). There were several correspondences between the symbiotic bacteria in cotton aphids and the specific host plants of the aphids. This study provides a better understanding of the interactions among symbiotic bacteria, aphids and host plants, suggesting that the selection pressure on aphid bacterial communities is likely to be exerted by the species of host plants.

9.
Thromb Res ; 200: 72-80, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are at a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), studies have shown that high expression of podoplanin (PDPN) in tumors is associated with increased risk of VTE. METHODS: Two human malignant cell lines (NCI-H226 and C8161) expressing high levels of PDPN were selected to explore the role of platelet in cancer-associated venous thrombosis in vitro and in vivo. Immunohistochemical staining using anti-PDPN antibody was performed in the pulmonary carcinoma patients. RESULTS: Both NCI-H226 and C8161 cells expressing high PDPN triggered platelet activation via CLEC-2 in vitro, which was abrogated by an anti-PDPN antibody SZ-168. Furthermore, the in vivo study revealed that injection of CHO-PDPN or C8161 in two mouse model of venous thrombosis activated platelets, increased platelet counts and enhanced thrombosis. More importantly, PDPN-enhanced thrombosis was reduced in mice treated with SZ168. A total of 63.3% tumor specimens stained positive for PDPN. High PDPN expression was associated with an increased risk of VTE and poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: PDPN expression in tumors induced platelet activation and was related to a high risk of VTE via platelet activation. SZ168 inhibited PDPN-induced platelet activation in vitro and decreased the incidence of VTE in mice.

10.
Poult Sci ; 100(2): 1068-1075, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518065

RESUMO

A 49-d feeding study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the genetically modified (GM) maize strain C0030.3.5 on Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) in terms of body performance and egg quality. Furthermore, the bodily fats of transgenic proteins in the Japanese quails were investigated. The results showed that the parameters body weight, hematology, serum chemistry, relative organ weight, and histopathological appearance were normal in male and female quails that consumed GM diets, and no differences could be attributed to the varying diets in regard to the laying performances or nutrient egg compositions between the groups. Furthermore, the transgenic Cry1Ab and EPSPS proteins were undetectable by Western blot in the blood, organ, fecal, and whole egg samples of quails fed a diet containing GM maize. The results obtained after 49 d suggested that consumption of C0030.3.5 transgenic feed did not adversely affect quail health or egg quality, and there was no evidence of transgenic protein translocation to the blood, tissues, feces, and eggs. Based on the different parameters assessed, C0030.3.5 transgenic maize is a safe food source for quails that does not differ in quality from non-GM maize.

11.
Transgenic Res ; 30(1): 105-119, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400167

RESUMO

The releasing of transgenic soybeans (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) into farming systems raises concerns that transgenes might escape from the soybeans via pollen into their endemic wild relatives, the wild soybean (Glycine soja Sieb. et Zucc.). The fitness of F1 hybrids obtained from 10 wild soybean populations collected from China and transgenic glyphosate-resistant soybean was measured without weed competition, as well as one JLBC-1 F1 hybrid under weed competition. All crossed seeds emerged at a lower rate from 13.33-63.33%. Compared with those of their wild progenitors, most F1 hybrids were shorter, smaller, and with decreased aboveground dry biomass, pod number, and 100-seed weight. All F1 hybrids had lower pollen viability and filled seeds per plant. Finally, the composite fitness of nine F1 hybrids was significantly lower. One exceptional F1 hybrid was IMBT F1, in which the composite fitness was 1.28, which was similar to that of its wild progenitor due to the similarities in pod number, increased aboveground dry biomass, and 100-seed weight. Under weed competition, plant height, aboveground dry biomass, pod number per plant, filled seed number per plant, and 100-seed weight of JLBC-1 F1 were lower than those of the wild progenitor JLBC-1. JLBC-1 F1 hybrids produced 60 filled seeds per plant. Therefore, F1 hybrids could emerge and produce offspring. Thus, effective measures should be taken to prevent gene flow from transgenic soybean to wild soybean to avoid the production F1 hybrids when releasing transgenic soybean in fields in the future.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332274

RESUMO

Individualized reference gait patterns for lower limb rehabilitation robots can greatly improve the effectiveness of rehabilitation. However, previous methods can only generate customized gait patterns at several fixed discrete walking speeds and generating gaits at continuously varying speeds and stride lengths remains unsolved. This work proposes an individualized gait pattern generation method based on a recurrent neural network (RNN), which is proficient in series modeling. We collected the largest gait data set of this kind, which consists of 4,425 gait patterns from 137 subjects. Using this data set, we trained an RNN to create a function mapping from body parameters and gait parameters to a gait pattern. The experimental results indicate that our model is able to generate gait patterns at continuously varying walking speeds and stride lengths while also reducing the errors in the ankle, knee, and hip measurements by 12.83%, 20.95%, and 28.25%, respectively, compared to previous state-of-the-art method.

13.
Urol Int ; : 1-10, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that compared with no local therapy (NLT), patients treated with local therapy (LT) using radiotherapy (RT) possess higher survival rate in metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa). The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of RT on prognosis in patients with mPCa. METHODS: We retrieved the literature in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases until June 2019 using structured search terms. Several studies were included, which evaluated patients with mPCa who received RT versus NLT. RESULTS: A total of 14,542 patients were analyzed in 7 included papers (2 randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and 5 cohort retrospective studies [CRS]), and 2,232 mPCa patients were treated with RT and 12,310 with NLT. The data of RCTs and CRS were analyzed separately. In RCTs, RT was associated with no significant difference in overall survival (OS) (pooled hazard ratio [HR] = 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.85-1.09; p = 0.55; I2 = 42%) relative to NLT, while survival benefit was observed in the low-metastatic burden group (pooled HR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.54-0.86; p = 0.001; I2 = 0%), and no survival benefit was observed in the high-metastatic burden group (pooled HR = 1.07; 95% CI: 0.92-1.24; p = 0.39; I2 = 0%). In CRS, RT results in lower cancer-specific mortality (CSM) (pooled HR = 0.49; 95% CI: 0.34-0.75; p < 0.00001; I2 = 0%) and higher OS (pooled HR = 0.61; 95% CI: 0.55-0.68; p < 0.00001; I2 = 0%) relative to NLT. Subsequent analysis demonstrated that high level of M-stage or N-stage was associated with increased CSM (pooled HR = 2.08; 95% CI: 1.69-2.55; p < 0.00001; I2 = 0% and pooled HR = 1.16; 95% CI: 1.03-1.30; p < 0.00001; I2 = 0%; respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our observations in aggregate indicated that RT at least does not appear to be harmful and may be beneficial for low-metastatic burden patients and better condition patients. More prospective and randomized studies evaluating RT for mPCa are warranted.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352038

RESUMO

Trimethoxyoctadecylsilane (OTMS) was successfully used to decorate mesoporous silica with a self-assembly method to enhance the relative gas selectivity. A quartz crystal microbalance was employed to measure the gas-sensing properties. The content of OTMS was the crucial factor that greatly affected the adsorption capacity (q) of silica, which could be converted to relative selectivity (S) to study the sensing mechanism. With increasing OTMS content, q was far higher for small-molecule gases compared to volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which could be explained by the polarity of the bonding objects, and S reached a maximum value of 45.71%. When exposed to VOCs, S was always greater than 0 among the three alcohols. The sensing mechanisms of undecorated silica and OTMS-decorated silica were quite different; the three-state mechanism was proposed to explain the sensing mechanism of OTMS-decorated silica. When exposed to small-molecule gases, the atoms that bonded with carbon atoms on OTMS greatly influenced q. With increasing OTMS content, the bonding energy of OTMS with CO2 was far less than that with other molecules, resulting in a relative selectivity as high as 38.69%. Furthermore, macroperformance and microproperties were combined in three-dimensional coordinates, which could be applied to predict the sensing performance of silica.

15.
Small ; 16(45): e2005217, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035390

RESUMO

Optoelectronic-neuromorphic transistors are vital for next-generation nanoscale brain-like computational systems. However, the hardware implementation of optoelectronic-neuromorphic devices, which are based on conventional transistor architecture, faces serious challenges with respect to the synchronous processing of photoelectric information. This is because mono-semiconductor material cannot absorb adequate light to ensure efficient light-matter interactions. In this work, a novel neuromorphic-photoelectric device of vertical van der Waals heterojunction phototransistors based on a colloidal 0D-CsPbBr3 -quantum-dots/2D-MoS2 heterojunction channel is proposed using a polymer ion gel electrolyte as the gate dielectric. A highly efficient photocarrier transport interface is established by introducing colloidal perovskite quantum dots with excellent light absorption capabilities on the 2D-layered MoS2 semiconductor with strong carrier transport abilities. The device exhibits not only high photoresponsivity but also fundamental synaptic characteristics, such as excitatory postsynaptic current, paired-pulse facilitation, dynamic temporal filter, and light-tunable synaptic plasticity. More importantly, efficiency-adjustable photoelectronic Pavlovian conditioning and photoelectronic hybrid neuronal coding behaviors can be successfully implemented using the optical and electrical synergy approach. The results suggest that the proposed device has potential for applications associated with next-generation brain-like photoelectronic human-computer interactions and cognitive systems.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(90): 14019-14022, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095217

RESUMO

We demonstrate a charge transfer boosted hydrogen (H2) evolution of transition metal oxides via a Schottky junction. The FeNi and metallic defect-rich CoFe2O4 (DCF) as well as semiconducting nitrogen-doped carbon (NC), named as FeNi/DCF/NC, possessed only 6.5% charge transfer resistance of DCF. Theoretical calculations indicate that the enhanced electron movement happened from FeNi/DCF to NC. The H2 evolution activity of FeNi/DCF/NC showed 5.8-fold improvement compared to that of DCF at the overpotential of 400 mV in 1.0 M KOH. This work provides an effective way to enhance the electrocatalytic activity of oxides for the H2 evolution reaction and related reactions.

17.
Anal Methods ; 12(34): 4229-4234, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820295

RESUMO

A sensitive As(iii) ion detection method has been developed based on ion-mediated self-assembly of cysteine (Cys)-capped quantum dots (QDs), and fluorescence self-quenching. A variety of Cys-capped core/shell CdTe/CdS QDs were prepared via hydrothermal methods. Based on the coordination binding between the As(iii) ion and cystine groups anchored on the QDs, addition of As(iii) ions led to self-assembly of the Cys-capped QDs, which was accompanied by fluorescence self-quenching. The fluorescence response was attributed to the exciton energy transfer of the QD aggregates. The ion-mediated fluorescence quenching was further exploited for quantitative determination of As(iii) ions in water. A limit of detection (LOD) of 10 ng L-1 (3σ method) and a linear range from 14 to 70 ng L-1 were obtained for the sensing of As(iii) ions. The system was evaluated using a series of interference targets, and demonstrated high selectivity after addition of mask agents. Finally, the proposed method was successfully employed for the detection of As(iii) in a real water sample. The method was sensitive and specific, and shows great promise in quantitative determination of heavy metal ions in lakes and rivers.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(16): 16514-16538, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855362

RESUMO

In recent years, personalized cancer immunotherapy, especially stratification-driven precision treatments have gained significant traction. However, due to the heterogeneity in clinical cohorts, the uncombined analysis of stratification/therapeutics may lead to confusion in determining ideal therapeutic options. We report that the coupled immune stratification and drug repurposing could facilitate identification of therapeutic candidates in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). First, we categorized the patients into four groups based on immune gene profiling, associated with distinct molecular characteristics and clinical outcomes. Then, the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) algorithm was used to identify co-expression modules of each groups. We focused on C3 group which is characterized by low immune infiltration (cold tumor) and wild-type EGFR, posing a significant challenge for treatment of LUAD. Five drug candidates against the C3 status were identified which have potential dual functions to correct aberrant immune microenvironment and also halt tumorigenesis. Furthermore, their steady binding affinity against the targets was verified through molecular docking analysis. In sum, our findings suggest that such coupled analysis could be a promising methodology for identification and exploration of therapeutic candidates in the practice of personalized immunotherapy.

19.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 1209, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32849750

RESUMO

Fitness is one of the key parameters to evaluate the effects of transgenic plants on the ecological environment. To evaluate the ecological risk of transgenic Bt cotton plants growing in different habitats, we determined the expression of the exogenous Bt gene and the fitness of transgenic and non-transgenic cotton plants in three habitats (farmland, grassland, and shrub). We observed that the expression of Bt protein in the farmland was significantly higher than that in the natural habitat, and when the growth environment was suitable, the Bt protein expression level showed a downward trend with the advancement of the growth. There were no significant differences in plant height, aboveground biomass, and seed yield between the Bt transgenic and non-transgenic cotton plants at the same growth stage under the same habitat. Nevertheless, in different habitats, the fitness of the same cotton line showed significant differences. In the farmland habitat, the plant height, aboveground biomass, and seed yield of both transgenic cotton and its non-transgenic isoline were significantly higher than that in the other two natural habitats. The results indicate that the expression of Bt protein does not increase the fitness of the parent plants and would not cause the weeding of the recipient cotton plants.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32714909

RESUMO

Current risk assessments of transgenic crops do not take into consideration whether exogenous proteins interact with endogenous proteins and thereby induce unintended effects in the crops. Therefore, the unintended effects through protein interactions in insect-resistant transgenic rice merit investigation. Here, a yeast two-hybrid assay was used to evaluate interactions between Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) protein-derived Cry1Ab/c insect resistance rice Huahui-1 and the endogenous proteins of its parental rice Minghui-63. The authenticity of the strongest interactions of Cry1Ab/c and 14 endogenous proteins involved in photosynthesis and stress resistance, which may be primarily responsible for the significant phenotypic differences between transgenic Huahui-1 and parental Minghui-63, were then analyzed and validated by subcellular co-localization, bimolecular fluorescence complementation and co-immunoprecipitation. As the exogenous full-length Cry1Ab/c protein was found to have self-activating activity, we cleaved it - into three segments based on its three domains, and these were screened for interaction with host proteins using the yeast two-hybrid assay. Sixty endogenous proteins related to the regulation of photosynthesis, stress tolerance, and substance metabolism were found to interact with the Cry1Ab/c protein. The results of bimolecular fluorescence complementation and co-immunoprecipitation verified the interactions between the full-length Cry1Ab/c protein and 12 endogenous proteins involved in photosynthesis 23KD, G, PSBP, Rubisco, Trx, THF1 and stress resistance CAMTAs, DAHP, E3s, HKMTs, KIN13A, FREE1. We used a combination of yeast two-hybrid, bimolecular fluorescence complementation, and co-immunoprecipitation to identify Cry1Ab/c interacting with rice proteins that seem to be associated with the observed unintended effects on photosynthesis and stress resistance between Huahui-1 and Minghui-63 rice plants, and analyze the possible interaction mechanisms by comparing differences in cell localization and interaction sites between these interactions. The results herein provide a molecular analytical system to qualify and quantify the interactions between exogenous proteins and the endogenous proteins of the recipient crop. It could help elucidate both the positive and negative effects of creating transgenic plants and predict their potential risks as well as net crop quality and yield.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...