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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3058-3065, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467696

RESUMO

In this study, the compound search was completed through SciFinder and CNKI databases, and the drug-like properties were screened in FAFdrugs4 and SEA Search Server databases. In addition, based on the target sets related to acute myocardial ischemia(AMI) searched in disease target databases such as OMIM database, GeneCards database and DrugBank, a network diagram of chemical component-target-pathway-disease was established via Cytoscape to predict the potential active components of Corydalis Herba, a traditional Tibetan herbal medicine which derived from the aerial parts of Corydalis hendersonii and C. mucronifera against AMI. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed through the STRING database and the core targets in the network were predicted. And the enrichment analyses of core targets were completed by DAVID database and R software. Furthermore, a molecular docking method was used to verify the binding of the components with core targets using softwares such as Autodock Vina. The present results showed that there were 60 compounds related to AMI in Corydalis Herba, involving 73 potential targets. The GO functional enrichment analysis obtained 282 biological processes(BP), 49 cell components(CC) and 78 molecular functions(MF). KEGG was enriched into 85 pathways, including alcoholism pathway, endocrine resistance pathway, calcium signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and adrenergic signaling transduction pathway of myocardial cells. The results of network topology analysis showed that the key components of anti-AMI of Corydalis Herba might be tetrahydropalmatine, etrahydrocolumbamine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine, N-cis-p-coumaroyloctopamine, N-trans-p-coumaroylnoradrenline and N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine, and their core targets might be CDH23, SCN4 B and NFASC. The results of molecular docking showed that the key components of Corydalis Herba had stable binding activity with the core targets. This study provides reference for further elucidation of the pharmacological effects of Corydalis Herba against AMI, subsequent clinical application, and development.


Assuntos
Corydalis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Isquemia Miocárdica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(24): 5917-5928, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496131

RESUMO

Saussurea lappa originates in India, and now mainly grow in Yunnan, Sichuan and other places in China. It is one of the commonly used traditional herbal medicines in Tibet and other minority regions, with effects in regulating qi to relieve pain and invigo-rating spleen to promote food. It has been used in clinic for gastrointestinal diseases, such as Qi stagnation syndrome of spleen and stomach, diarrhea and tenesmus. More than 200 compounds have been identified from S. lappa. Among them, sesquiterpenoids attracted much attention. In terms of the number of compounds, eudesmanetype is dominant, guaiane and germacranetypes have also been reported frequently. Pharmacological studies have involved extracts, volatile oils and monomeric components represented by dehydrocostus lactone. Anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects on digestive system have attracted great attention. However, due to the complex sources of S. lappa and widely used in clinical practice, there is few research progress on relevant chemical constituents and pharmacological activities. This paper systematically summarizes terpenes and the pharmacological effects of S. lappa, in order to provide basis for further studies and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Saussurea , Sesquiterpenos , China , Extratos Vegetais , Terpenos , Tibet
3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 36(4): 1507-12, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26164933

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) pollutant has become China's major air pollutant in key urban areas like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. It is mainly produced from industry sectors, and engineering control is one of the most important reduction measures. During the 12th Five-Year Plan, China decides to invest 40 billion RMB to build pollution control projects in key industry sectors with annual emission reduction of 605 000 t x a(-1). It shows that China attaches a great importance to emission reduction by engineering projects and highlights the awareness of engineering reduction technologies. In this paper, a macroeconomic model, namely computable general equilibrium model, (CGE model) was employed to simulate engineering control and economic control (imposing environmental tax). We aim to compare the pros and cons of the two reduction policies. Considering the economic loss of the whole country, the environmental tax has more impacts on the economy system than engineering reduction measures. We suggest that the central government provides 7 500 RMB x t(-1) as subsidy for enterprises in industry sectors to encourage engineering reduction.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , China , Indústrias , Modelos Teóricos , Óxidos de Nitrogênio , Material Particulado , Dióxido de Enxofre
4.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 40(2): 141-5, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26054200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60) on serum and knee-joint IL-17 and IL-23 contents in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats so as to study its underlying mechanism in improving RA. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly allocated to normal control, RA model, EA and Prednisolone groups (n = 8 in each group). The RA model was established by intra-planta injection of incomplete Freund's adjuvant and type II collagen. EA (2 Hz/100 Hz,1-2 mA)was applied to bilateral "Zusanli"(ST 36) and "Kunlun"(BL 60) for 30 min, once daily for 10 days. The rats' ankle diameter was measured, and IL-17 and IL-23 contents in the serum and the knee-joint cavity were assayed by ELISA and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: In comparison with the normal control group, the rats' ankle diameter, serum IL-17 and IL-23 contents and knee-joint IL-17 and IL-23 protein expression levels were significantly increased in the model group (P < 0.05). After EA and Prednisolone treatment, compared with the model group, all the rats' ankle diameter, serum IL-17 and IL-23 contents and knee-joint IL-17 and IL-23 protein expression levels were decreased remarkably (P < 0.05). No obvious differences were found between the EA and Prednisolone groups in the aforementioned indexes (P > 0.05), except IL-17 protein expression level (being markedly lower in the Prednisolone group than in the EA group). CONCLUSION: EA intervention can reduce inflammatory reaction of the ankle-joint in RA rats, which may be related to its effects in down-regulating serum and knee-joint IL-17 and IL-23 levels.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Eletroacupuntura , Interleucina-17/sangue , Interleucina-23/sangue , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-23/genética , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 34(12): 4787-91, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24640924

RESUMO

Researches on controlling volatile organic compounds (VOCs) through macroeconomic policy from the view of cost-benefit analysis are very important for our country to improve the air environment. Based on our previous study, this paper predicted future VOCs emissions until 2020 under current policies with 2007 as reference year by using dynamic CGE model. Meanwhile, environmental tax was imposed in ten industries with high emission and the impacts of emissions and economic system were discussed. Finally, policy implementations for VOCs emission control were suggested for policy-makers. The results showed that environment tax could mitigate VOCs emission, but it also resulted in high cost. Owing to the highly related relationship between different sectors, although transport sector was not taxed, it also suffered a great economic influence. Thus, when using the tax policy for reducing VOCs, subsidy for special sector is necessary.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Modelos Econômicos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/normas , Poluição do Ar/legislação & jurisprudência , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/normas
6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 22(6): 1543-51, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21941757

RESUMO

By using IPCC carbon emission calculation formula (2006 edition), economy-carbon emission dynamic model, and cement carbon emission model, a regional carbon emission calculation framework was established, and, taking Guangdong Province as a case, its energy consumption carbon emission, cement production CO2 emission, and forest carbon sink values in 2008-2050 were predicted, based on the socio-economic statistical data, energy consumption data, cement production data, and forest carbon sink data of the Province. In 2008-2050, the cement production CO2 emission in the Province would be basically stable, with an annual carbon emission being 10-15 Mt C, the energy consumption carbon emission and the total carbon emission would be in inverse U-shape, with the peaks occurred in 2035 and 2036, respectively, and the carbon emission intensity would be decreased constantly while the forest carbon sink would have a fluctuated decline. It was feasible and reasonable to use the regional carbon emission calculation framework established in this paper to calculate the carbon emission in Guangdong Province.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Carbono/análise , Fontes Geradoras de Energia/estatística & dados numéricos , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Efeito Estufa , Solo/análise
7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 32(12): 3509-14, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22468510

RESUMO

In this paper, environmental tax was designed to control volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model was used to explore the impacts of environmental tax (in forms of indirect tax) on the macro-economy development at both national and sector levels. Different levels of tax were simulated to find out the proper tax rate. It is found out that imposing environmental tax on high emission sectors can cause the emission decreased immediately and can lead to negative impacts on macro-economy indicators, such as GDP (gross domestic products), total investment, total product and the whole consumption etc. However, only the government income increased. In addition, the higher the tax rate is, the more pollutants can be reduced and the worse economic effects can be caused. Consequently, it is suggested that, the main controlling policies of VOCs abatement should be mandatory orders, and low environmental tax can be implemented as a supplementary.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/normas , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Poluição Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência , Impostos/legislação & jurisprudência , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , China
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