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1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 329, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471087

RESUMO

It's a challenge for detecting the therapeutic targets of a polypharmacological drug from variations in the responsed networks in the differentiated populations with complex diseases, as stable coronary heart disease. Here, in an adaptive, 31-center, randomized, double-blind trial involving 920 patients with moderate symptomatic stable angina treated by 14-day Danhong injection(DHI), a kind of polypharmacological drug with high quality control, or placebo (0.9% saline), with 76-day following-up, we firstly confirmed that DHI could increase the proportion of patients with clinically significant changes on angina-frequency assessed by Seattle Angina Questionnaire (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 20) (12.78% at Day 30, 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.86-19.71%, P = 0.0003, 13.82% at Day 60, 95% CI 6.82-20.82%, P = 0.0001 and 8.95% at Day 90, 95% CI 2.06-15.85%, P = 0.01). We also found that there were no significant differences in new-onset major vascular events (P = 0.8502) and serious adverse events (P = 0.9105) between DHI and placebo. After performing the RNA sequencing in 62 selected patients, we developed a systemic modular approach to identify differentially expressed modules (DEMs) of DHI with the Zsummary value less than 0 compared with the control group, calculated by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and sketched out the basic framework on a modular map with 25 functional modules targeted by DHI. Furthermore, the effective therapeutic module (ETM), defined as the highest correlation value with the phenotype alteration (ΔSAQ-AF, the change in SAQ-AF at Day 30 from baseline) calculated by WGCNA, was identified in the population with the best effect (ΔSAQ-AF ≥ 40), which is related to anticoagulation and regulation of cholesterol metabolism. We assessed the modular flexibility of this ETM using the global topological D value based on Euclidean distance, which is correlated with phenotype alteration (r2: 0.8204, P = 0.019) by linear regression. Our study identified the anti-angina therapeutic module in the effective population treated by the multi-target drug. Modular methods facilitate the discovery of network pharmacological mechanisms and the advancement of precision medicine. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01681316).

2.
Opt Express ; 29(7): 10285-10306, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820168

RESUMO

This paper presents a passive autofocus algorithm applicable to interferometric microscopes. The proposed algorithm uses the number of slope variations in an image mask to locate the focal plane (based on focus-inflection points) and identify the two neighboring planes at which fringes respectively appear and disappear. In experiments involving a Mirau objective lens, the proposed algorithm matched the autofocusing performance of conventional algorithms, and significantly outperformed detection schemes based on zero-order interference fringe in dealing with all kinds of surface blemish, regardless of severity. In experiments, the proposed algorithm also proved highly effective in cases without fringes.

3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(1): 48-52, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment by using Andrews' six elements and the American Board of Orthodontic (ABO) objective grading system (OGS); to determine whether Andrews' six elements can be used as a new assessment system for patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. METHODS: A total of 160 patients who completed their orthodontic treatment were included in the study. The participants were randomly selected from patients who completed their orthodontic procedures in Kunming Medical University Affiliated Stomatological Hospital during the period of 2015 to 2019. The retrospective completed cases were examined in accordance with the Andrews' six elements and ABO measuring scales. Scores were assigned to each tooth in each category. All the measurement items in both evaluation criteria, the composite category score, and the total score were calculated. The passing and potential passing rates of the completed cases were compared with two measuring scales via the Chi-square test. RESULTS: The passing rate for the evaluation of cases by using the Andrews' six elements measuring scale was 83.8%, and that for the evaluation of cases by using the ABO measuring scale was 86.3%. The differences in achieving the standard between the cases of Andrews' six elements and ABO-OGS via the Chi-square test were statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The mean Andrews' six elements score for the completed cases: the category of the anteroposterior change in position of the incisors contributed the most, whereas the core discrepancy presented the least percentage in total scores. In ABO-OGS, alignment and marginal ridges contributed the most, whereas interproximal contacts exhibited the least percentage in total scores. CONCLUSIONS: The performance of Andrews' six elements was comparable with that of ABO-OGS in assessing the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. Andrews' six elements can be used as a new system for assessing the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. It demonstrated particular advantage in controlling facial profile, and had just completed material of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment it can measure. The Andrews' six elements measuring scale is convenient to disseminate and use.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Incisivo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 738-743, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697230

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, designated TRM 44457T, belonging to the genus Streptomyces, was isolated from soil sampled in cotton fields in Xinjiang, PR China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain TRM 44457T was phylogenetically most closely related to Streptomyces laurentii LMG 19959T (99.38 % sequence similarity); however, strain TRM 44457T had a relatively low DNA-DNA relatedness value with S. laurentii LMG 19959T as determined by calculating the average nucleotide identity value (84.42 %). Strain TRM 44457T possessed ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid, MK-9 (H6) and MK-9 (H10) as the major menaquinone. The polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphotidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and an unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, iso-C15:0, C16:0, iso-C17:0, cyclo-C17:0 and anteiso-C17:1ω9c. The genomic DNA G+C content was 72.6 mol%. Based on the evidence from this polyphasic study, strain TRM 44457T represents a novel species of the Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces roseicoloratus is proposed. The type strain is TRM 44457T (=KCTC 39904T=CCTCC AA 2016040T).


Assuntos
Gossypium , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(8)2019 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382660

RESUMO

The resistive switching (RS) characteristics of flexible films deposited on mica substrates have rarely been reported upon, especially flexible HfO2 films. A novel flexible Au/HfO2/Pt/mica resistive random access memory device was prepared by a sol-gel process, and a Au/HfO2/Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si (100) device was also prepared for comparison. The HfO2 thin films were grown into the monoclinic phase by the proper annealing process at 700 °C, demonstrated by grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction patterns. The ratio of high/low resistance (off/on) reached 1000 and 50 for the two devices, respectively, being relatively stable for the former but not for the latter. The great difference in ratios for the two devices may have been caused by different concentrations of the oxygen defect obtained by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra indicating composition and chemical state of the HfO2 thin films. The conduction mechanism was dominated by Ohm's law in the low resistance state, while in high resistance state, Ohmic conduction, space charge limited conduction (SCLC), and trap-filled SCLC conducted together.

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