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1.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(9): 1924-1928, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465694

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated 8, 12, or 24 weeks of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir in patients with hepatitis C virus and end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis. METHODS: Primary efficacy end point was sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment. Primary safety end point was treatment discontinuation because of adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Ninety-four percent (89/95) achieved sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment. Six patients died during treatment (n = 4) or before study completion (n = 2); no deaths were related to treatment. No patients discontinued treatment because of AEs. Thirteen percent had serious AEs; none were related to treatment. DISCUSSION: Treatment with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir was safe and effective in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Fluorenos/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Benzimidazóis/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluorenos/administração & dosagem , Hepatite C/complicações , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sofosbuvir/administração & dosagem , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have revolutionized the paradigm for HCV treatment. However, patients with HBV and HCV co-infection receiving DAAs are at significant risk of HBV reactivation, with limited literature addressing the roles of serum chemokines/chemokines. We aimed to explore the profiles and predictive value of serum cytokines/chemokines regarding HBV reactivation in this clinical setting. METHODS: From 2017 to 2019, 25 patients with HBV and HCV co-infection scheduled for DAA therapy were prospectively enrolled. At enrolment and after DAA treatment, serial serum cytokine/chemokine levels were examined. The baseline and dynamic levels were compared between those with versus without HBV virologic (defined by an increase of serum HBV DNA to >10 times) and clinical reactivation (defined by > 1.5-fold elevated ALT level than nadir and >100 U/L; or > 2-fold increase from nadir and greater than the upper normal limit, in addition to virologic reactivation). RESULTS: There were 20 patients (80%) experiencing HBV virologic reactivation and 6 patients (24%) experiencing clinical reactivation. Patients with clinical reactivation had higher pre-treatment TNF-alpha (27.93 versus 18.85 pg/mL, P = 0.015), lower week-4 IFN-gamma (1.07 versus 8.74 pg/mL, P = 0.020) levels and significant declines of CCL2 and TNF-alpha (P < 0.05). Single or combination of these cytokines helped predict clinical reactivation (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Higher serum TNF-alpha at baseline and lower IFN-gamma at week 4 were associated with mild clinical reactivation of HBV in patients with HBV/HCV co-infection receiving DAAs. Combination of these cytokines reliably predicted HBV reactivation early.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sofosbuvir is approved for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients with severe chronic kidney disease (CKD). The impact of sofosbuvir-based therapy on renal function augmentation on a real-world nationwide basis is elusive. METHODS: The 12,995 CHC patients treated with sofosbuvir-based (n = 6802) or non-sofosbuvir-based (n = 6193) regimens were retrieved from the Taiwan nationwide real-world HCV Registry Program. Serial estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels were measured at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and end of follow-up (EOF) (3 months after EOT). RESULTS: The eGFR decreased from baseline (91.4 mL/min/1.73 m2) to EOT (88.4 mL/min/1.73 m2; P < .001) and substantially recovered at EOF (88.8 mL/min/1.73 m2) but did not return to pretreatment levels (P < .001). Notably, a significant decrease in eGFR was observed only in patients with baseline eGFR ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2 (from 112.9 to 106.4 mL/min/1.73 m2; P < .001). In contrast, eGFR increased progressively in patients whose baseline eGFR was <90 mL/min/1.73 m2 (from 70.0 to 71.5 mL/min/1.73 m2; P < .001), and this increase was generalized across different stages of CKD. The trend of eGFR amelioration was consistent irrespective of sofosbuvir usage. Multivariate adjusted analysis demonstrated that baseline eGFR >90 mL/min/1.73 m2 was the only factor independently associated with significant slope coefficient differences of eGFR (-1.98 mL/min/1.73 m2; 95% confidence interval, -2.24 to -1.72; P < .001). The use of sofosbuvir was not an independent factor associated with eGFR change. CONCLUSIONS: Both sofosbuvir and non-sofosbuvir-based regimens restored renal function in CHC patients with CKD, especially in those with significant renal function impairment.

4.
Hepatol Int ; 15(5): 1109-1121, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The long-term outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among patients dually infected with HBV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the long-term liver outcomes of HBV/HCV-coinfected patients after antiviral therapy. METHODS: A total of 11,359 chronically HCV-infected patients with interferon-based therapy were registered in a nationwide Taiwanese Chronic Hepatitis C Cohort. A propensity score matched (PSM) cohort of HCV mono-infected (n = 7020) and HBV/HCV (n = 702) co-infected patients by age, sex, and fibrosis was recruited for outcome analysis. The primary outcome was liver-related complications, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver decompensation during a mean follow-up period of 4.44 years. RESULTS: Among HBV/HCV co-infected patients, patients without HCV-SVR had a significantly higher 10-year cumulative incidence of major liver-related complications than those with HCV-SVR. However, among patients with HCV-SVR in the PSM cohort, the risk of major liver-related complications, both HCC and liver decompensation, did not differ between HBV/HCV co-infected and HCV mono-infected patients. Similar results were observed among those without HCV-SVR. A substantial lower risk of major liver-related complications was found in HBV/HCV co-infected patients with HCV SVR and subsequent anti-HBV nucleot(s)ide analogues treatment. Overall, factors associated with major liver-related complications included age ≥ 65 year-old, BMI ≥ 27 kg/m2, FIB-4 ≥ 3.25, eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and non-HCV SVR, but not HBV co-infection. CONCLUSION: Interferon-based therapy reduced the long-term risk of major liver-related complications among HBV/HCV co-infected patients, as among HCV mono-infected patients. Nevertheless, post-HCV-SVR surveillance for major liver-related complications is mandatory among those high-risk groups.

5.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is reduced but not eliminated after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We aimed to investigate the role of serum Prothrombin Induced by Vitamin K Absence or Antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) and alpha-fetoprotein in predicting HCC and mortality in cirrhotic CHB patients at virological remission (VR) following NA therapy. METHODS: Patients with CHB-related cirrhosis undergoing NA therapy from two medical centers in Taiwan were retrospectively included. Serum PIVKA-II were quantified by an automated chemiluminescence assay. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to identify predictors for HCC and death. Serial on-treatment PIVKA-II levels after VR were investigated. RESULTS: Overall, 293 CHB-related cirrhosis patients were included. At VR, the mean age was 55, and the mean PIVKA-II level was 35 mAU/mL. After a mean follow-up of 78 months, 76 patients developed HCC and 19 died. After adjustment for confounding factors, alpha-fetoprotein >7 ng/mL (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.73-4.67) and PIVKA-II >50 mAU/mL (HR: 2.46, 95%CI: 1.35-4.49) at VR significantly predicted HCC development. In patients with alpha-fetoprotein ≤10 ng/mL or ≤20 ng/mL at VR, PIVKA-II >50 mAU/mL increased 2.45 or 3.16-fold risk of HCC, respectively. PIVKA-II levels after VR increased serially in patients who developed HCC afterwards. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CHB-related cirrhosis, serum alpha-fetoprotein >7 ng/mL and PIVKA-II >50 mAU/mL at the time of antiviral therapy-induced VR is associated with a greater risk of HCC. PIVKA-II is a predictive marker for HCC in patients with low normal alpha-fetoprotein level.

6.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255961

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Real-world studies assessing the effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) plus ribavirin (RBV) for Child-Pugh B/C hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis are limited. Methods: We included 107 patients with Child-Pugh B/C HCV-related cirrhosis receiving SOF/VEL plus RBV for 12 weeks in Taiwan. The sustained virologic response rates at off-treatment week 12 (SVR12) for the evaluable population (EP), modified EP, and per-protocol population (PP) were assessed. The safety profiles were reported. Results: The SVR12 rates in the EP, modified EP and PP were 89.7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 82.5%-94.2%), 94.1% (95% CI: 87.8%-97.3%), and 100% (96 of 96 patients; 95% CI: 96.2%-100%). No patients who failed to achieve SVR12 were attributed to virologic failures. The SVR12 rates were comparable regardless of patient characteristics. One patient discontinued treatment because of adverse events (AEs). Twenty-four patients had serious AEs and six died, but none were related to SOF/VEL or RBV. Among the 96 patients achieving SVR12, 84.4% and 64.6% had improved Child-Pugh and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores. Multivariate analysis revealed that a baseline MELD score ≥ 15 was associated with an improved MELD score of ≥ 3 (odds ratio (OR): 4.13, 95% CI: 1.16-14.71; p = 0.02). Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 1 had more significant estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) declines than patients with CKD stage 2 (-0.42 mL/min/1.73m2/month; p = 0.01) or stage 3 (-0.56 mL/min/1.73m2/month; p < 0.001). Conclusions: SOF/VEL plus RBV for 12 weeks is efficacious and well-tolerated for Child-Pugh B/C HCV-related cirrhosis.

7.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(10): 2884-2892, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: It is currently unknown how hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication with pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PR) therapy affects the incidence of new-onset liver cirrhosis (LC) in patients without cirrhosis and the incidence of decompensated liver disease (DLD) or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Taiwanese chronic hepatitis C cohort (T-COACH) is a nationwide HCV registry cohort from 23 hospitals in Taiwan recruited between 2003 and 2015. This study enrolled 10 693 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), linked to the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, receiving PR therapy for at least 4 weeks for new-onset LC and liver-related complications (DLD or HCC). RESULTS: Of the 10 693 patients, 1372 (12.8%) patients had LC, and the mean age was 54.0 ± 11.4 years. The mean follow-up duration was 4.38 ± 2.79 years, with overall 46 798 person-years. The 10-year cumulative incidence rates of new-onset LC were 5.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2-7.7) in patients without cirrhosis with a sustained virologic response (SVR) and 21.9% (95% CI: 13.4-32.4) in those without SVR (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.22, P < 0.001). The 10-year cumulative incidence rates of liver-related complications were 21.4% (95% CI: 11.1-37.2) in patients with cirrhosis with SVR and 47.0% (95% CI: 11.1-86.0) in those without SVR after adjustment for age, sex, and competing mortality (HR: 0.52, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatitis C virus eradication with PR therapy decreased the incidence of new-onset LC in noncirrhotic patients and the incidence of liver-related complications in cirrhotic patients with CHC.

8.
J Viral Hepat ; 28(6): 887-896, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759290

RESUMO

The nephrotoxicity of sofosbuvir (SOF) on human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV)-coinfected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains controversial. We prospectively compared the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) changes in 167 patients receiving SOF-based direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) who also received tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TFV)-based (n = 116) and TFV-free ART (n = 51). The eGFR was assessed by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, and the eGFR changes between ART regimens were compared by the generalized estimated equation. During DAA treatment, participants on TFV-based ART had a higher eGFR decline than those on TFV-free ART (slope coefficient difference: -0.82 ml/min/1.73 m2 /month [95% CI: -1.21 to -0.43]; p < 0.001), whereas the eGFR changes did not differ between groups (slope coefficient difference: 0.13 ml/min/1.73 m2 /month [95% CI: -0.32 to 0.58]; p = 0.42) after discontinuing DAAs. Participants on TFV TDF-based ART had a higher eGFR decline than those on TFV alafenamide fumarate (TAF)-based ART (slope coefficient difference: -0.31 ml/min/1.73 m2 /month [95% CI: -0.50 to -0.12]; p = 0.01). After discontinuing DAAs, the eGFR changes did not differ between groups (slope coefficient difference: 0.06 ml/min/1.73 m2 /month [95% CI: -0.98 to 1.10]; p = 0.91). In conclusion, HIV/HCV-coinfected patients on TFV-based ART had a slight eGFR decline compared to those on TFV-free ART during SOF-based DAA therapy. A similar trend between TDF-based and TAF-based ART was also observed. Because the differences of eGFR changes are limited, the physicians should not discourage the use of SOF-based DAAs in HIV-positive patients on TFV-based ART.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico
9.
Hepatol Int ; 15(2): 338-349, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data regarding the real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) for East Asian patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and compensated liver disease are limited. We evaluated the performance of SOF/VEL for 12 weeks for HCV-infected patients with compensated liver disease in a large real-world cohort in Taiwan. METHODS: Between July 2019 and March 2020, 1880 HCV-infected patients with compensated liver disease who received SOF/VEL 400/100 mg once daily for 12 weeks were included at 15 academic centers in Taiwan. The sustained virologic response at off-treatment week 12 (SVR12) was assessed for evaluable (EP) and per-protocol populations (PP). The tolerance was also reported. RESULTS: The SVR12 rates by EP and PP analyses were 95.6% [1798 of 1880 patients; 95% confidence interval (CI) 94.6-96.5%] and 99.3% (1798 of 1811 patients; 95% CI 98.8-99.6%), respectively. Among 82 patients who failed to achieve SVR12, 13 (15.9%) were attributed to virologic failures. The SVR12 rates were comparable regardless of baseline characteristics. A total of 1859 (98.9%) patients completed 12-week SOF/VEL treatment. Four (0.2%) patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events (AEs). All patients with serious AEs or deaths were judged not related to SOF/VEL. The AEs occurring in ≥ 10% included headache (16.8%), fatigue (16.2%), nausea (11.8%), and insomnia (11.1%). Nine (0.5%) and 2 (0.1%) patients had grade 3 total bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase elevations. CONCLUSIONS: SOF/VEL for 12 weeks is efficacious and well-tolerated by chronic HCV-infected patients with compensated liver disease in Taiwan.

10.
Liver Int ; 41(6): 1265-1277, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are highly effective in treating chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. The real-world treatment outcome in Taiwanese patients on a nationwide basis is elusive. METHODS: The Taiwan HCV Registry (TACR) programme is a nationwide registry platform including 48 study sites, which is organized and supervised by the Taiwan Association for the Study of the Liver. The primary endpoint was sustained virological response (SVR12, undetectable HCV RNA 12 weeks after end-of-treatment). RESULTS: A total of 13 951 registered patients with SVR12 data available were analysed (mean age, 63.0 years; female, 55.9%; HCV genotype-1 [GT1], 57.9%; cirrhosis, 38.4%; preexisting hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC], 10.6%; and hepatitis B virus coinfection, 7.7%). The overall SVR12 rate was 98.3%, with 98.7%, 98.0%, 98.4% and 97.4% in treatment-naïve noncirrhotic, treatment-naïve cirrhotic, treatment-experienced noncirrhotic and treatment-experienced cirrhotic patients, respectively. The SVR12 rate was > 95% across all subgroups except treatment-experienced cirrhotic patients who received sofosbuvir/ribavirin (88.7%), treatment-naïve noncirrhotic patients (94.8%) and treatment-experienced cirrhotic (94.8%) patients who received daclatasvir/asunaprevir. The most important factor associated with treatment failure was DAA adherence < 60% ( adjusted odds ratio [aOR]/95% confidence interval [CI]: 117.1/52.4-261.3, P < .001), followed by GT3/GT2 (aOR/CI: 5.78/2.25-14.9, P = .0003 and aOR/CI: 1.55/1.05-2.29, P = .03, compared with GT1), active hepatocellular carcinoma (aOR/CI: 4.29/2.57-7.16, P < .001), the use of sofosbuvir/ribavirin (aOR/CI: 2.51/1.67-3.77, P < .001) and daclatasvir/asunaprevir (aOR/CI: 3.29/1.94-5.58, P < .001), decompensated liver cirrhosis (aOR/CI: 2.50/1.20-5.22, P = .02) and high HCV viral loads (aOR/CI: 2.16/1.57-2.97, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: DAAs are highly effective in treating Taiwanese HCV patients in the real-world setting. Maintaining DAA adherence and selecting highly efficacious regimens are keys to ensure treatment success.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(8): 2247-2254, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with impaired renal function. The aim of this study is to explore the risk of and factors associated with end-stage renal diseases (ESRD) under maintenance dialysis among HCV patients after anti-HCV therapy. METHODS: A total of 12 696 HCV-infected patients with interferon-based therapy, including 9679 (76.2%) achieving sustained virological response (SVR), were enrolled from 23 hospitals in Taiwan. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 5.3 years (67 554 person-years), the annual incidence of 4.1/10 000 person-years, 4.0/10 000 and 4.7/10 000 person-years among SVR patients and non-SVR patients, respectively. History of diabetes and baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/m2 , instead of SVR, were the significant risk factors for developing ESRD with maintenance dialysis after anti-HCV therapy (adjusted hazard ratio 7.75 and 9.78). CONCLUSION: Diabetes and baseline impaired renal function were strongly associated with progression to ESRD with maintenance dialysis among chronic HCV-infected patients after antiviral therapy.

12.
Gut ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data regarding the real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) with or without low-dose ribavirin (RBV) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and severe renal impairment (RI) are limited. We evaluated the performance of SOF/VEL with or without low-dose RBV in HCV-infected patients with chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5. DESIGN: 191 patients with compensated (n=181) and decompensated (n=10) liver diseases receiving SOF/VEL (400/100 mg/day) alone and SOF/VEL with low-dose RBV (200 mg/day) for 12 weeks were retrospectively recruited at 15 academic centres in Taiwan. The effectiveness was determined by sustained virological response at off-treatment week 12 (SVR12) in evaluable (EP) and per-protocol populations (PP). The safety profiles were assessed. RESULTS: The SVR12 rates by EP and PP analyses were 94.8% (95% CI 90.6% to 97.1%) and 100% (95% CI 97.9% to 100%). In patients with compensated liver disease, the SVR12 rates were 95.0% and 100% by EP and PP analyses. In patients with decompensated liver disease, the SVR12 rates were 90.0% and 100% by EP and PP analyses. Ten patients who failed to achieve SVR12 were attributed to non-virological failures. Among the 20 serious adverse events (AEs), none were judged related to SOF/VEL or RBV. The AEs occurring in ≥10% included fatigue (14.7%), headache (14.1%), nausea (12.6%), insomnia (12.0%) and pruritus (10.5%). None had ≥grade 3 total bilirubin or alanine aminotransferase elevations. CONCLUSION: SOF/VEL with or without low-dose RBV is effective and well-tolerated in HCV-infected patients with severe RI.

13.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 53(8): 908-918, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are at risk of developing liver disease. Serum hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) is a new biomarker for intrahepatic templates for HBV replication. AIM: To explore whether a high HBcrAg level is associated with increased risk of cirrhosis, especially in patients with intermediate viral load (HBV DNA 2000-19 999 IU/mL) due to their moderate risk of disease progression. METHODS: A total of 1673 treatment-naïve, non-cirrhotic patients with negative hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level <40 U/L at baseline were enrolled. We explored the relationship between baseline levels of HBcrAg and cirrhosis development in all patients, and whether a higher HBcrAg level (<10 vs ≥10 KU/mL) was associated with an increased risk of disease progression in those with intermediate viral load. RESULTS: Of the 1673 patients, 104 developed cirrhosis after a mean follow-up of 15.9 years. Higher HBcrAg levels were associated with increased incidence of cirrhosis, cirrhosis-related complications, and liver-related death. In 445 patients with intermediate viral load, the cirrhosis risk stratified by HBcrAg level of 10 KU/mL yielded a hazard ratio of 3.22 (95% CI: 1.61-6.47). The risk stratification remained significant when exploring other pre-cirrhosis endpoints, including HBeAg-negative hepatitis, hepatitis flare, and HBV DNA >20 000 IU/mL after 3 years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In HBeAg-negative patients with normal ALT levels, higher HBcrAg levels are associated with increased risk of cirrhosis. Among those with intermediate viral load, HBcrAg <10 KU/mL defines a low-risk group for disease progression.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , DNA Viral , Progressão da Doença , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Carga Viral
14.
J Hepatol ; 74(1): 257-258, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071008
16.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 26(4): 554-561, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Data on treatment efficacy and safety of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (GLE/PIB) for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Asian patients with severe renal impairment are limited. This study aimed to study the treatment and side effects of GLE/PIB in these patients infected with non-1 genotype (GT) HCV. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with Child's A cirrhosis and eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 in Hong Kong and Taiwan during 2017-2018 to receive GLE/PIB treatment. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (GT2, n=7; GT3, n=6; and GT6, n=8) received GLE/PIB for 11.2±1.8 weeks. All except one were treatment-naïve. GLE/PIB was initiated in 16 patients while on dialysis (seven on peritoneal dialysis [PD] and nine on hemodialysis) and in five patients before dialysis. One patient died of PD-related peritonitis during treatment and two were lost to follow up. The SVR12 rate in the remaining 18 patients was 100%. All patients achieved undetectable levels at 4-, 12-, 24- and 48-week after treatment. Patients with deranged alanine aminotransferase showed normalization after 4 weeks and the response was sustained for 48 weeks. No significant adverse event was observed. CONCLUSION: GLE/PIB treatment was associated with high efficacy and tolerability in HCV-infected patients with severe renal impairment.

17.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 119(12): 1871-1875, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553687

RESUMO

Despite the excellent antiviral effects of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with subsequent decrease of morbidity and mortality, a small proportion (5%) of the treated patients do not respond to first-line DAAs and have persistent viremia. Rescue therapy for patients with DAA failures is thus mandatory from both clinical and public health perspectives. Sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX), a fixed-dose pangenotypic rescue agent, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medical Agency (EMA) for retreating HCV patients who fail prior DAA therapies. However, this agent has not been licensed by health authorities of Taiwan. Herein we reported two cases who successfully cleared HCV by using SOF/VEL/VOX plus ribavirin (RBV) after virologic failures to first-line pangenotypic SOF/VEL. Furthermore, we discussed the current unmet medical needs and clinical implications of SOF/VEL/VOX on the perspectives of HCV elimination in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica , Ácidos Aminoisobutíricos , Carbamatos , Ciclopropanos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Genótipo , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis , Humanos , Lactamas Macrocíclicas , Leucina/análogos & derivados , Prolina/análogos & derivados , Quinoxalinas , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Taiwan
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9180, 2020 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513953

RESUMO

Data regarding the efficacy and tolerability of elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) for East-Asian hepatitis C virus genotype 1b (HCV GT1b) patients receiving hemodialysis were limited. We prospectively recruited 40 HCV GT1b hemodialysis patients who received EBR/GZR for 12 weeks at 6 academic centers in Taiwan. The efficacy endpoints were sustained virologic response 12 weeks off-therapy (SVR12) by intention-to-treat (ITT) modified ITT (mITT) analyses. Patients' baseline characteristics, early viral kinetics and HCV resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) at HCV non-structural 3 and 5 A (NS3 and NS5A) regions potentially affecting SVR12 were analyzed. The tolerability for EBR/GZR was also assessed. The SVR12 rates by ITT and mITT analyses were 95% (38 of 40 patients; 95% confidence interval (CI): 83.5-98.6%) and 100% (38 of 38 patients; 95% CI: 90.8-100%), respectively. Patients' baseline characteristics, on-treatment viral decline, and baseline HCV RASs did not affect SVR12. All patients tolerated treatment well. Among 5 patients who had serious adverse events (AEs) including one death due to on-treatment suicide and the other death due to off-therapy acute myocardial infarction, none of these events were judged related to EBR/GZR. The common AEs included upper respiratory tract infection (7.5%), fatigue (5.0%) and anorexia (5.0%). Nine (22.5%) and 8 (20.0%) patients had on-treatment hemoglobin levels of 9.0-10.0 g/dL and 7.0-9.0 g/dL. Three (7.5%) patients had on-treatment elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) quotient > 2.5, in whom one (2.5%) had EBR/GZR-induced late ALT elevation. No patients developed hyperbilirubinemia or hepatic decompensation. In conclusion, treatment with EBR/GZR is effective and well-tolerated for East-Asian HCV GT1b patients receiving hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Amidas/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Ciclopropanos/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Quinoxalinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Farmacorresistência Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Resposta Viral Sustentada
19.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 119(7): 1135-1157, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354689

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a silent killer that leads to rapid progression of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). High prevalence of HCV infection has been reported in Taiwan, especially in high-risk populations including people who inject drugs (PWID) and patients requiring dialysis. Besides, certain populations merit special considerations due to suboptimal outcome, potential drug-drug interaction, or possible side effect. Therefore, in the second part of this 2-part consensus, the Taiwan Association for the Study of the Liver (TASL) proposes the treatment recommendations for the special population in order to serve as guidance to optimizing the outcome in the direct-acting antiviral (DAA) era. Special populations include patients with acute or recent HCV infection, previous DAA failure, chronic kidney disease, decompensated cirrhosis, HCC, liver and other solid organ transplantations, receiving an HCV viremic organ, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HCV dual infection, HCV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection, active tuberculosis infection, PWID, bleeding disorders and hemoglobinopathies, children and adolescents, and pregnancy. Moreover, future perspectives regarding the management of hepatitis C are also discussed and summarized in this consensus statement.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Coinfecção , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adolescente , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Criança , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Feminino , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Taiwan/epidemiologia
20.
Liver Cancer ; 9(2): 207-220, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399434

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) is a novel biomarker correlating with liver fibrosis stages. However, little is known about how it predicts risks of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving long-term antiviral treatment. Materials and Methods: The study contained 2 parts. The first part was to explore whether M2BPGi could be an HCC predictor in 899 CHB patients receiving long-term entecavir therapy. The second part was to validate the findings in an independent cohort of 384 on-treatment CHB patients with more severe liver disease. Results: In the discovery cohort, there were 64 patients developing HCC within an average follow-up of 7.01 years. Our data showed that M2BPGi level was positively associated with HCC development. When stratifying the patients by an M2BPGi level of 1.73 (the third quartile), the high M2BPGi group was shown to have an increased HCC risk compared to the low M2BPGi group with hazard ratio of 5.80 (95% CI 3.50-9.60). Furthermore, we found that the M2BPGi level complements PAGE-B score, a well-validated HCC prediction model, to predict HCC development. Lastly, the cutoff was validated in the independent cohort, especially those with an intermediate PAGE-B score. Conclusions: In CHB patients receiving long-term antiviral treatment, serum M2BPGi level not only serves as an independent HCC predictor but also complements PAGE-B in stratifying HCC risks.

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