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1.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1366525, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953045

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the global burden of disease for developmental and intellectual disabilities caused by iodine deficiency from 1990 to 2019. Methods: Using data from the global burden of disease (GBD) 2019, we conducted a cross-country inequity analysis to examine the worldwide burden of developmental and intellectual disabilities caused by the issue of iodine deficiency from 1990 to 2019. Absolute and relative inequality were assessed by the slope index of inequality and the concentration index, respectively. After summarising the latest evidence, we also projected the age-standardized prevalence and years lived with disability (YLD) rates up to 2030 using the BAPC and INLA packages in R statistical software. Results: In 2019, the global age-standardized prevalence and YLD rates for developmental and intellectual disabilities due to iodine deficiency were 22.54 per 100,000 population (95% UI 14.47 to 29.23) and 4.12 per 100,000 population (95% UI 2.25 to 6.4), respectively. From 1990 to 2019, the age-standardized prevalence and YLD rates of developmental and intellectual disabilities due to iodine deficiency decreased significantly. Geographic distribution showed that areas with lower socio-demographic indices (SDI) were the most affected. The correlation between higher SDI and lower prevalence highlights the role of economic and social factors in the prevalence of the disease. Cross-national inequity analysis shows that disparities persist despite improvements in health inequalities. In addition, projections suggest that the disease burden may decline until 2030. Conclusion: This research underscores the necessity for targeted interventions, such as enhancing iodine supplementation and nutritional education, especially in areas with lower SDI. We aim to provide a foundation for policymakers further to research effective preventative and potential alternative treatment strategies.

2.
Sci Adv ; 10(27): eadk8958, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38959315

RESUMO

The luminal-to-basal transition in mammary epithelial cells (MECs) is accompanied by changes in epithelial cell lineage plasticity; however, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we report that deficiency of Frmd3 inhibits mammary gland lineage development and induces stemness of MECs, subsequently leading to the occurrence of triple-negative breast cancer. Loss of Frmd3 in PyMT mice results in a luminal-to-basal transition phenotype. Single-cell RNA sequencing of MECs indicated that knockout of Frmd3 inhibits the Notch signaling pathway. Mechanistically, FERM domain-containing protein 3 (FRMD3) promotes the degradation of Disheveled-2 by disrupting its interaction with deubiquitinase USP9x. FRMD3 also interrupts the interaction of Disheveled-2 with CK1, FOXK1/2, and NICD and decreases Disheveled-2 phosphorylation and nuclear localization, thereby impairing Notch-dependent luminal epithelial lineage plasticity in MECs. A low level of FRMD3 predicts poor outcomes for breast cancer patients. Together, we demonstrated that FRMD3 is a tumor suppressor that functions as an endogenous activator of the Notch signaling pathway, facilitating the basal-to-luminal transformation in MECs.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais , Receptores Notch , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Linhagem da Célula , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/metabolismo , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/citologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética
3.
FEBS J ; 2024 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973142

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence shows that inflammation is essential for embryo implantation and decidualization. Histamine, a proinflammatory factor that is present in almost all mammalian tissues, is synthesized through decarboxylating histidine by histidine decarboxylase (HDC). Although histamine is known to be essential for decidualization, the underlying mechanism remains undefined. In the present study, histamine had no obvious direct effects on in vitro decidualization in mice. However, the obvious differences in HDC protein levels between day 4 of pregnancy and day 4 of pseudopregnancy, as well as between delayed and activated implantation, suggested that the blastocyst may be involved in regulating HDC expression. Furthermore, blastocyst-derived tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) significantly increased HDC levels in the luminal epithelium. Histamine increased the levels of amphiregulin (AREG) and disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 17 (ADAM17) proteins, which was abrogated by treatment with famotidine, a specific histamine type 2 receptor (H2R) inhibitor, or by TPAI-1 (a specific inhibitor of ADAM17). Intraluminal injection of urocanic acid (HDC inhibitor) on day 4 of pregnancy significantly reduced the number of implantation sites on day 5 of pregnancy. TNFα-stimulated increases in HDC, AREG and ADAM17 protein levels was abrogated by urocanic acid, a specific inhibitor of HDC. Additionally, AREG treatment significantly promoted in vitro decidualization. Collectively, our data suggests that blastocyst-derived TNFα induces luminal epithelial histamine secretion, and histamine increases mouse decidualization through ADAM17-mediated AREG release.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407228, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38975669

RESUMO

Three functionalized thienopyrazines (TPs), TP-MN (1), TP-CA (2), and TPT-MN (3) were designed and synthesized as self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) deposited on the NiOx film for tin-perovskite solar cells (TPSCs). Thermal, optical, electrochemical, morphological, crystallinity, hole mobility, and charge recombination properties, as well as DFT-derived energy levels with electrostatic surface potential mapping of these SAMs, have been thoroughly investigated and discussed. The structure of the TP-MN (1) single crystal was successfully grown and analyzed to support the uniform SAM produced on the ITO/NiOx substrate. When we used NiOx as HTM in TPSC, the device showed poor performance. To improve the efficiency of TPSC, we utilized a combination of new organic SAMs with NiOx HTM, the TPSC device exhibited the highest PCE of 7.7% for TP-MN (1). Hence, the designed NiOx/TP-MN (1) acts as a new model system for the development of efficient SAM-based TPSC. To the best of our knowledge, the combination of organic SAMs with anchoring CN/CN or CN/COOH groups, and NiOx HTM for TPSC has never been reported elsewhere. The TPSC device based on the NiOx/TP-MN bilayer exhibits great enduring stability for performance, retaining ~80% of its original value for shelf storage over 4000 h.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 675: 560-568, 2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986329

RESUMO

Artificial photosynthesis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a hopeful alternative to the industrial anthraquinone process. However, rational fabrication of the photocatalysts for the production of H2O2 without any sacrificial agents is still a formidable challenge. Herein, two kinds of linear conjugated polymers (LCPs) including pyridinic N functionalized polymer (DEB-N2) and pyridinic N non-contained polymer (DEB-N0) were successfully synthesized. DEB-N2 displays enhanced light capturing ability and good dispersion in water, leading to a substantial initial H2O2 generation rate of 3492µmol g-1h-1 as well as remarkable photocatalytic stability in pure water. Furthermore, the temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and density functional theory (DFT) analysis reveal that highly electronegative pyridine-N atoms in DEB-N2 boost the adsorption affinity of oxygen molecules, which facilitates the occurrence of the oxygen reduction reaction, therefore enhancing the performance of photocatalytic H2O2 production. This study unveils that the presence of pyridinic N in DEB-N2 has a significant impact on photocatalytic H2O2 production, suggesting the precise manipulation of the chemical structure of polymer photocatalysts is essential to achieve efficient solar-to-chemical energy conversion.

6.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 60: 102735, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 4-dose Essen intramuscular (IM) regimen for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been recommended by Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and World Health Organization (WHO), but the large-sample clinical evidence is still limited. METHOD: Rabies virus neutralizing antibodies of 11,752 patients were detected from 409 rabies prevention clinics in 27 provinces in China. Patients with serum collected before or no later than 1 h after injection on the day of the fifth dose (day 28) of 5-dose Essen regimen were included in Group A to observe the immune efficacy of 4-dose Essen IM regimen, and patients with serum collected 14-28 days after injection of the fifth dose were included in Group B to observe the immune efficacy of 5-dose Essen IM regimen. RESULTS: Finally, 2351 cases met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, including 2244 cases in Group A and 107 cases in Group B. The antibody titer of Group A was higher than that of Group B [12.21 (4.15, 32.10) IU/ml vs. 9.41 (3.87, 27.38) IU/ml] (P = 0.002). In Group A, the median antibody titers were 4.01IU/ml, 11.63IU/ml and 29.46IU/ml in patients vaccinated with purified hamster kidney cell vaccine (PHKCV), purified Vero cell vaccine (PVRV), and human diploid cell rabies vaccine (HDCV), respectively, with statistical significance (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The 4-dose Essen IM regimen could provide satisfactory immune effect, and HDCV induced higher antibody titer than PHKCV or PVRV.

7.
Vis Comput Ind Biomed Art ; 7(1): 17, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976189

RESUMO

Pneumonia is a serious disease that can be fatal, particularly among children and the elderly. The accuracy of pneumonia diagnosis can be improved by combining artificial-intelligence technology with X-ray imaging. This study proposes X-ODFCANet, which addresses the issues of low accuracy and excessive parameters in existing deep-learning-based pneumonia-classification methods. This network incorporates a feature coordination attention module and an omni-dimensional dynamic convolution (ODConv) module, leveraging the residual module for feature extraction from X-ray images. The feature coordination attention module utilizes two one-dimensional feature encoding processes to aggregate feature information from different spatial directions. Additionally, the ODConv module extracts and fuses feature information in four dimensions: the spatial dimension of the convolution kernel, input and output channel quantities, and convolution kernel quantity. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can effectively improve the accuracy of pneumonia classification, which is 3.77% higher than that of ResNet18. The model parameters are 4.45M, which was reduced by approximately 2.5 times. The code is available at https://github.com/limuni/X-ODFCANET .

8.
Hortic Res ; 11(7): uhae129, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966865

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gathered significant attention due to their pivotal role in plant growth, development, and biotic and abiotic stress resistance. Despite this, there is still little understanding regarding the functions of lncRNA in these domains in the tea plant (Camellia sinensis), mainly attributable to the insufficiencies in gene manipulation techniques for tea plants. In this study, we designed a novel strategy to identify evolutionarily conserved trans-lncRNA (ECT-lncRNA) pairs in plants. We used highly consistent base sequences in the exon-overlapping region between trans-lncRNAs and their target gene transcripts. Based on this method, we successfully screened 24 ECT-lncRNA pairs from at least two or more plant species. In tea, as observed in model plants such as Arabidopsis, alfalfa, potatoes, and rice, there exists a trans-lncRNA capable of forming an ECT-lncRNA pair with transcripts of the 12-oxophytodienoate reductase (OPR) family, denoted as the OPRL/OPR pair. Considering evolutionary perspectives, the OPRL gene cluster in each species likely originates from a replication event of the OPR gene cluster. Gene manipulation and gene expression analysis revealed that CsOPRL influences disease resistance by regulating CsOPR expression in tea plants. Furthermore, the knockout of StOPRL1 in Solanum tuberosum led to aberrant growth characteristics and strong resistance to fungal infection. This study provides insights into a strategy for the screening and functional verification of ECT-lncRNA pairs.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39018417

RESUMO

Direct borohydride fuel cell (DBFC) is considered a promising energy storage device due to its high theoretical cell voltage and energy density. For DBFC, an Au catalyst has been used as an anode for achieving an ideal eight-electron reaction. However, the poor activity of the Au catalyst for borohydride oxidation reaction (BOR) limits its large-scale application because of the weak BH4- adsorption. We found, by density functional theory calculations, that the adsorption of BH4- on the oxidized Au surface is stronger than that on the metallic Au surface, which can promote the process of the oxidation of BH4- to *BH3 during the BOR. Here, we reported an oleylamine-modified partially oxidized Au supported on carbon powder (AuC-OLA) with a stable oxidation state. The obtained catalyst delivered a high peak power density of 143 mW/cm2, which is 2 times higher than that of a commercial 40% AuC (Pretemek). The in situ Fourier transform infrared studies showed that the activity of AuC-OLA for BOR is ascribed to the enhanced adsorption for BH4- on the partially oxidized Au surface. These findings will promote the reasonable design of efficient Au electrocatalysts for DBFCs.

10.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39026738

RESUMO

Plasmodium falciparum acetyl-CoA synthetase (PfACAS) protein is an important source of acetyl-CoA. We detected the mutations S868G and V949I in PfACAS by whole-genome sequencing analysis in some recrudescent parasites after antimalarial treatment with artesunate and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, suggesting that they may confer drug resistance. Using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, we engineered parasite lines carrying the PfACAS S868G and V949I mutations in two genetic backgrounds and evaluated their susceptibility to antimalarial drugs in vitro. The results demonstrated that PfACAS S868G and V949I mutations alone or in combination were not enough to provide resistance to antimalarial drugs.

11.
Vet Q ; 44(1): 1-10, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39028259

RESUMO

Fibrinogen-fibrin degradation products (DR-70) are derived from tumor cells or metastases. Our previous study reported the diagnostic values in dogs with tumors, but no research has yet to be conducted to establish DR-70 as a prognostic marker. Herein, we investigated changes in DR-70 concentrations and disease courses in dogs with tumors. Overall survival time (OST) analysis was performed in 195 dogs with tumors, stratified with a recommended cut-off (1.514 µg/mL). Continual DR-70 measurements were performed during the medical interventions of 27 dogs with neoplasms. Clinical conditions and medical records were retrospectively reviewed. According to a cut-off value, dogs with plasma DR-70 concentrations above 1.514 µg/mL had shorter survival rates than those with concentrations below this threshold. In cases with complete or partial remission in response to treatment, the DR-70 concentration was decreased compared with that at the first visit, whereas it was increased in patients with disease progression. Our study suggested that changes in DR-70 concentration can be used as a prognostic biomarker for canine neoplasms. Furthermore, increased plasma DR-70 levels might be associated with shorter survival, and DR-70 concentrations may reflect responses to medical intervention.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Doenças do Cão , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Neoplasias , Cães , Animais , Doenças do Cão/sangue , Doenças do Cão/mortalidade , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/veterinária , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida , Fibrinogênio/análise
13.
Anim Genet ; 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39019844

RESUMO

Litter size is a key indicator of production performance in livestock. However, its genetic basis in goats remains poorly understood. In this work, a genome-wide selection sweep analysis (GWSA) on 100 published goat genomes with different litter rates was performed for the first time to identify candidate genes related to kidding rate. This analysis was combined with the public RNA-sequencing data of ovary tissues (follicular phase) from high- and low-yielding goats. A total of 2278 genes were identified by GWSA. Most of these genes were enriched in signaling pathways related to ovarian follicle development and hormone secretion. Moreover, 208 differentially expressed genes between groups were obtained from the ovaries of goats with different litter sizes. These genes were substantially enriched in the cholesterol and steroid synthesis signaling pathways. Meanwhile, the weighted gene co-expression network was used to perform modular analysis of differentially expressed genes. The results showed that seven modules were reconstructed, of which one module showed a very strong correlation with litter size (r = -0.51 and p-value <0.001). There were 51 genes in this module, and 39 hub genes were screened by Pearson's correlation coefficient between core genes > 0.4, correlation coefficient between module members > 0.80 and intra-module connectivity ≥5. Finally, based on the results of GWSA and hub gene Venn analysis, seven key genes (ACSS2, HECW2, KDR, LHCGR, NAMPT, PTGFR and TFPI) were found to be associated with steroid synthesis and follicle growth development. This work contributes to understanding of the genetic basis of goat litter size and provides theoretical support for goat molecular breeding.

14.
Plant Commun ; : 101041, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39030906

RESUMO

Diatoms, a group of prevalent marine algae, significantly contribute to global primary productivity. Their substantial biomass is linked to enhanced absorption of blue-green light underwater, facilitated by fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c-binding proteins (FCPs), exhibiting oligomeric diversity across diatom species. Utilizing mild CN-PAGE analysis on solubilized thylakoid membranes, we displayed monomeric, dimeric, trimeric, tetrameric and pentameric FCPs in diatoms. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed each oligomeric FCP has specific protein compositions, constituting a large Lhcf family of FCP antennas. In addition, we resolved the structures of Thalassiosira pseudonana FCP (Tp-FCP) homotrimer and Chaetoceros gracilis FCP (Cg-FCP) pentamer by cryo-electron microscopy at 2.73 Å and 2.65 Å resolutions, respectively. The distinct pigment composition and organization in various oligomeric FCPs change their blue-green light-harvesting, excitation energy transfer pathways. In comparison to dimeric and trimeric FCPs, Cg-FCP tetramer and Cg-FCP pentamer exhibit stronger absorption by Chls c, red-shifted and broader Chl a fluorescence emission, as well as more robust circular dichroism signals originating from Chl a-carotenoid dimers. These spectroscopic characteristics indicate that Chl a molecules in Cg-FCP tetramer and Cg-FCP pentamer are more heterogeneous than in both dimers and Tp-FCP trimer. The structural and spectroscopic insights provided by this study contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms that empower diatoms to adapt to fluctuating light environments.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; : 174836, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39029761

RESUMO

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals call for innovative proposals to ensure access to clean water and sanitation. While significant strides have been made in enhancing drinking water purification technologies, the role of drinking water distribution systems (DWDS) in maintaining water quality safety has increasingly become a focal point of concern. The presence of scale within DWDS can impede the secure and efficient functioning of the drinking water supply system, posing risks to the safety of drinking water quality. Previous research has identified that the primary constituents of scale in DWDS are insoluble minerals, such as calcium and magnesium carbonate. Elevated levels of hardness and alkalinity in the water can exacerbate scale formation. To address the scaling issue, softening technologies like induced crystallization, nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, and ion exchange are currently in widespread use. These methods effectively mitigate the scaling in DWDS by reducing the water's hardness and alkalinity. However, the application of softening technologies not only alters the hardness and alkalinity but also induces changes in the fundamental characteristics of water quality, leading to transition effects within the DWDS. This article reviews the impact of various softening technologies on the intrinsic properties of water quality and highlights the merits of electrochemical characteristic indicators in the assessment of water quality stability. Additionally, the paper delves into the factors that influence the transition effects in DWDS. It concludes with a forward-looking proposal to leverage artificial intelligence, specifically machine learning and neural networks, to develop an evaluation and predictive framework for the stability of drinking water quality and the transition effects observed in DWDS. This approach aims to provide a more accurate and proactive method for managing and predicting the impacts of water treatment processes on distribution system integrity and water quality over time.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(28): 19146-19159, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953583

RESUMO

Van der Waals (vdW) magnets both allow exploration of fundamental 2D physics and offer a route toward exploiting magnetism in next generation information technology, but vdW magnets with complex, noncollinear spin textures are currently rare. We report here the syntheses, crystal structures, magnetic properties and magnetic ground states of four bulk vdW metal-organic magnets (MOMs): FeCl2(pym), FeCl2(btd), NiCl2(pym), and NiCl2(btd), pym = pyrimidine and btd = 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole. Using a combination of neutron diffraction and bulk magnetometry we show that these materials are noncollinear magnets. Although only NiCl2(btd) has a ferromagnetic ground state, we demonstrate that low-field hysteretic metamagnetic transitions produce states with net magnetization in zero-field and high coercivities for FeCl2(pym) and NiCl2(pym). By combining our bulk magnetic data with diffuse scattering analysis and broken-symmetry density-functional calculations, we probe the magnetic superexchange interactions, which when combined with symmetry analysis allow us to suggest design principles for future noncollinear vdW MOMs. These materials, if delaminated, would prove an interesting new family of 2D magnets.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(13)2024 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39001027

RESUMO

Remote patient-monitoring systems are helpful since they can provide timely and effective healthcare facilities. Such online telemedicine is usually achieved with the help of sophisticated and advanced wearable sensor technologies. The modern type of wearable connected devices enable the monitoring of vital sign parameters such as: heart rate variability (HRV) also known as electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure (BLP), Respiratory rate and body temperature, blood pressure (BLP), respiratory rate, and body temperature. The ubiquitous problem of wearable devices is their power demand for signal transmission; such devices require frequent battery charging, which causes serious limitations to the continuous monitoring of vital data. To overcome this, the current study provides a primary report on collecting kinetic energy from daily human activities for monitoring vital human signs. The harvested energy is used to sustain the battery autonomy of wearable devices, which allows for a longer monitoring time of vital data. This study proposes a novel type of stress- or exercise-monitoring ECG device based on a microcontroller (PIC18F4550) and a Wi-Fi device (ESP8266), which is cost-effective and enables real-time monitoring of heart rate in the cloud during normal daily activities. In order to achieve both portability and maximum power, the harvester has a small structure and low friction. Neodymium magnets were chosen for their high magnetic strength, versatility, and compact size. Due to the non-linear magnetic force interaction of the magnets, the non-linear part of the dynamic equation has an inverse quadratic form. Electromechanical damping is considered in this study, and the quadratic non-linearity is approximated using MacLaurin expansion, which enables us to find the law of motion for general case studies using classical methods for dynamic equations and the suitable parameters for the harvester. The oscillations are enabled by applying an initial force, and there is a loss of energy due to the electromechanical damping. A typical numerical application is computed with Matlab 2015 software, and an ODE45 solver is used to verify the accuracy of the method.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Internet das Coisas , Cinética , Telemedicina/instrumentação
18.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 979: 176806, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38986830

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by persistent renal function decline. Renal fibrosis is the main pathological process in CKD, but an effective treatment does not exist. Stratifin (SFN) is a highly-conserved, multi-function soluble acidic protein. Therefore, this study explored the effects of SFN on renal fibrosis. First, we found that SFN was highly expressed in patients with CKD, as well as in renal fibrosis animal and cell models. Next, transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1) induced injury and fibrosis in human renal tubule epithelial cells, and SFN knockdown reversed these effects. Furthermore, SFN knockdown mitigated unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal tubular dilatation and renal interstitial fibrosis in mice. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), and immunofluorescence co-localization assays demonstrated that SFN bound the non-muscle myosin-encoding gene, myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9), in the cytoplasm of renal tubular epithelial cells. MYH9 knockdown also reduced Col-1 and α-SMA expression, which are fibrosis markers. Finally, silencing SFN decreased MYH9 expression, alleviating renal fibrosis. These results suggest that SFN promotes renal fibrosis in CKD by interacting with MYH9. This study may provide potential strategies for the treatment of CKD.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38991772

RESUMO

Basi-parallel anatomic scanning has been widely used for assessing the vascular morphology of vertebral basilar arteries. Previous studies have demonstrated its efficacy in evaluating the morphology of the MCA, which we refer to as MCA parallel anatomic scanning MR imaging (MCPAS). In this study, we present our experience with the application of MCPAS in patients with MCA occlusion. Endovascular treatment was performed on the patients with intact MCA morphology visible in on MCPAS, with no intracranial hemorrhage, occlusion, or other complications observed. No severe stenosis or re-occlusion was observed at the 12-month postoperative follow-up. In conclusion, MCPAS is an effective method for assessing the outer contour of an occlusive MCA. Endovascular treatment can be considered a safe and efficient option for patients who show a favorable MCA through MCPAS assessment.

20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992920

RESUMO

Previous studies have highlighted the toxicity of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in plants, yet understanding their spatial distribution within plant tissues and specific toxic effects remains limited. This study investigates the spatial-specific toxic effects of carbamazepine (CBZ), a prevalent PPCP, in plants. Utilizing desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (DESI-MSI), CBZ and its transformation products were observed predominantly at the leaf edges, with 2.3-fold higher concentrations than inner regions, which was confirmed by LC-MS. Transcriptomic and metabolic analyses revealed significant differences in gene expression and metabolite levels between the inner and outer leaf regions, emphasizing the spatial location's role in CBZ response. Notably, photosynthesis-related genes were markedly downregulated, and photosynthetic efficiency was reduced at leaf edges. Additionally, elevated oxidative stress at leaf edges was indicated by higher antioxidant enzyme activity, cell membrane impairment, and increased free fatty acids. Given the increased oxidative stress at the leaf margins, the study suggests using in situ Raman spectroscopy for early detection of CBZ-induced damage by monitoring reactive oxygen species levels. These findings provide crucial insights into the spatial toxicological mechanisms of CBZ in plants, forming a basis for future spatial toxicology research of PPCPs.

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