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1.
Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) ; 2022: 7005328, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046597

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of ATPase family AAA domain-containing protein 2 (ATAD2) and kinesin family member 4A (KIF4A) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues and their association with clinicopathological features and to explore the role of ATAD2 in regulating KIF4A expression and biological functions in ESCC cells and the effect of aspirin on their expression. Methods: The mRNA and protein expression of ATAD2 and KIF4A in the tissues of patients with ESCC were measured by RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry, and the correlation between the expression of mRNA and clinicopathological characteristics was analyzed. Western blot and RT-qPCR were used to detect the interference efficiency and KIF4A expression after si-ATAD2 transfection in EC109 and KYSE30 cells. CCK-8 and Transwell assay were performed to investigate the effects of ATAD2 and aspirin on proliferation, migration, and invasion of ESCC cells. The effect of aspirin on the expression of ATAD2 and KIF4A in ESCC cells was measured by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Results: The expression of ATAD2 and KIF4A was upregulated in ESCC tissues, and both were correlated with the differentiation grades and lymph node metastasis. Knockdown of ATAD2 in ESCC cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Compared to the negative control group, the proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of ESCC cells in the aspirin-treated groups were decreased, and the expression of ATAD2 and KIF4A in ESCC cells was decreased after treating with aspirin for 48 h. Conclusion: The expression levels of ATAD2 and KIF4A are elevated in ESCC. ATAD2 promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion of ESCC cells by regulating KIF4A. Aspirin can inhibit the malignant behavior of ESCC cells by downregulating ATAD2 and KIF4A.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/genética , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/metabolismo , Aspirina/farmacologia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Cinesinas/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , RNA Mensageiro
2.
Chaos ; 32(8): 083112, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049925

RESUMO

A moderate degree of diversity, in form of quenched noise or intrinsic heterogeneity, can significantly strengthen the collective response of coupled extended systems. As yet, related discoveries on diversity-induced resonance are mainly concentrated on symmetrically distributed heterogeneity, e.g., the Gaussian or uniform distributions with zero-mean. The necessary conditions that guarantee the arise of resonance phenomenon in heterogeneous oscillators remain largely unknown. In this work, we show that the standard deviation and the ratio of negative entities of a given distribution jointly modulate diversity-induced resonance and the concomitance of negative and positive entities is the prerequisite for this resonant behavior emerging in diverse symmetrical and asymmetrical distributions. Particularly, for a proper degree of diversity of a given distribution, the collective signal response behaves like a bell-shaped curve as the ratio of negative oscillator increases, which can be termed negative-oscillator-ratio induced resonance. Furthermore, we analytically reveal that the ratio of negative oscillators plays a gating role in the resonance phenomenon on the basis of a reduced equation. Finally, we examine the robustness of these results in globally coupled bistable elements with asymmetrical potential functions. Our results suggest that the phenomenon of diversity-induced resonance can arise in arbitrarily distributed heterogeneous bistable oscillators by regulating the ratio of negative entities appropriately.


Assuntos
Vibração
3.
Environ Toxicol ; 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114797

RESUMO

Dysregulated follicular development may lead to follicular atresia, and this is associated with oxidative stress in granulosa cells. Kurarinone is a natural compound possessing multiple activities, including antioxidative ability. However, the role of kurarinone in granulosa cell damage during follicular atresia remains unknown. Human ovarian granulosa KGN cells were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) to induce cellular damage. Cytotoxicity was investigated by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. Oxidative stress was evaluated by detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and oxidative biomarker levels. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry, a Cell Death Detection ELISA Kit, and a Caspase-3 Assay Kit. The downstream target and related signaling pathway were analyzed by western blotting. Kurarinone attenuated H2 O2 -induced LDH release in KGN cells. Kurarinone relieved H2 O2 -induced increase in ROS generation and malondialdehyde level as well as decrease in superoxide dismutase-1 activity and heme oxygenase 1 and NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 mRNA levels. Kurarinone inhibited H2 O2 -induced apoptosis in KGN cells. Kurarinone targeted insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and upregulated IGF1 expression to activate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling. IGF1 silencing attenuated the suppressive effects of kurarinone on H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in KGN cells. In conclusion, kurarinone attenuates H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in KGN cells through activating the PI3K/Akt signaling by upregulating IGF1 expression, indicating the therapeutic potential of kurarinone in follicular atresia.

4.
Elife ; 112022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048712

RESUMO

Amyloid aggregation of phosphorylated Tau (pTau) into neurofibrillary tangles is closely associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Several molecular chaperones have been reported to bind Tau and impede its pathological aggregation. Recent findings of elevated levels of Hsp27 in the brains of patients with AD suggested its important role in pTau pathology. However, the molecular mechanism of Hsp27 in pTau aggregation remains poorly understood. Here, we show that Hsp27 partially co-localizes with pTau tangles in the brains of patients with AD. Notably, phosphorylation of Tau by microtubule affinity regulating kinase 2 (MARK2), dramatically enhances the binding affinity of Hsp27 to Tau. Moreover, Hsp27 efficiently prevents pTau fibrillation in vitro and mitigates neuropathology of pTau aggregation in a Drosophila tauopathy model. Further mechanistic study reveals that Hsp27 employs its N-terminal domain to directly interact with multiple phosphorylation sites of pTau for specific binding. Our work provides the structural basis for the specific recognition of Hsp27 to pathogenic pTau, and highlights the important role of Hsp27 in preventing abnormal aggregation and pathology of pTau in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Tauopatias , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Humanos , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Tauopatias/patologia
5.
Chem Sci ; 13(33): 9668-9677, 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091909

RESUMO

Internal motions of folded proteins have been assumed to be ergodic, i.e., that the dynamics of a single protein molecule averaged over a very long time resembles that of an ensemble. Here, by performing single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a multi-domain globular protein, cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine phosphatase (SHP2), we demonstrate that the functional inter-domain motion is observationally non-ergodic over the time spans 10-12 to 10-7 s and 10-1 to 102 s. The difference between observational non-ergodicity and simple non-convergence is discussed. In comparison, a single-strand DNA of similar size behaves ergodically with an energy landscape resembling a one-dimensional linear chain. The observed non-ergodicity results from the hierarchical connectivity of the high-dimensional energy landscape of the protein molecule. As the characteristic time for the protein to conduct its dephosphorylation function is ∼10 s, our findings suggest that, due to the non-ergodicity, individual, seemingly identical protein molecules can be dynamically and functionally different.

6.
Natl Sci Rev ; 9(9): nwac106, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128454

RESUMO

Nitrogen oxides (NOx, the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and N dioxide (NO2)) emissions and deposition have increased markedly over the past several decades, resulting in many adverse outcomes in both terrestrial and oceanic environments. However, because the microbial NOx emissions have been substantially underestimated on the land and unconstrained in the ocean, the global microbial NOx emissions and their importance relative to the known fossil-fuel NOx emissions remain unclear. Here we complied data on stable N isotopes of nitrate in atmospheric particulates over the land and ocean to ground-truth estimates of NOx emissions worldwide. By considering the N isotope effect of NOx transformations to particulate nitrate combined with dominant NOx emissions in the land (coal combustion, oil combustion, biomass burning and microbial N cycle) and ocean (oil combustion, microbial N cycle), we demonstrated that microbial NOx emissions account for 24 ± 4%, 58 ± 3% and 31 ± 12% in the land, ocean and global environment, respectively. Corresponding amounts of microbial NOx emissions in the land (13.6 ± 4.7 Tg N yr-1), ocean (8.8 ± 1.5 Tg N yr-1) and globe (22.5 ± 4.7 Tg N yr-1) are about 0.5, 1.4 and 0.6 times on average those of fossil-fuel NOx emissions in these sectors. Our findings provide empirical constraints on model predictions, revealing significant contributions of the microbial N cycle to regional NOx emissions into the atmospheric system, which is critical information for mitigating strategies, budgeting N deposition and evaluating the effects of atmospheric NOx loading on the world.

7.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 162: 110118, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081184

RESUMO

Carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) are commonly found within chitinases, but their contributions to chitinolytic systems are poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, full-length chitin-acting enzymes (ChiA, ChiB, ChiC, and CBP21) of Serratia marcescens BWL1001 and CBM-truncated versions (ChiB-dCBM and ChiC-dCBM) were heterologously expressed for enzymological analysis. The CBM5 of ChiB and the CBM12 of ChiC both exhibited an affinity for α-chitin, while only CBM12 could bind colloidal chitin based on adsorption assays and affinity electrophoresis. Consistent with their ligand specificity, both CBMs were essential to α-chitin hydrolysis, while only CBM12 enhanced the hydrolytic efficiency of colloidal chitin by individual chitinases. Analysis of synergistic hydrolysis with separate full-length and CBM-truncated chitinases revealed that the two CBMs promoted the synergistic activity of chitinases on crystalline and amorphous chitin. The two CBMs also promoted the hydrolysis when chitin was mixed with non-substrate polysaccharides. This study reveals not only the effects of CBMs on enzymatic characteristics of individual chitinases, but also their contributions to the overall efficiency of chitinolytic systems during synergistic hydrolysis.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 927213, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110845

RESUMO

Recently, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been extensively studied in radiation damage, but the inherent defects of high toxicity and low efficacy of most TLR ligands limit their further clinical transformation. CRX-527, as a TLR4 ligand, has rarely been reported to protect against radiation. We demonstrated that CRX-527 was safer than LPS at the same dose in vivo and had almost no toxic effect in vitro. Administration of CRX-527 improved the survival rate of total body irradiation (TBI) to 100% in wild-type mice but not in TLR4-/- mice. After TBI, hematopoietic system damage was significantly alleviated, and the recovery period was accelerated in CRX-527-treated mice. Moreover, CRX-527 induced differentiation of HSCs and the stimulation of CRX-527 significantly increased the proportion and number of LSK cells and promoted their differentiation into macrophages, activating immune defense. Furthermore, we proposed an immune defense role for hematopoietic differentiation in the protection against intestinal radiation damage, and confirmed that macrophages invaded the intestines through peripheral blood to protect them from radiation damage. Meanwhile, CRX-527 maintained intestinal function and homeostasis, promoted the regeneration of intestinal stem cells, and protected intestinal injury from lethal dose irradiation. Furthermore, After the use of mice, we found that CRX-527 had no significant protective effect on the hematopoietic and intestinal systems of irradiated TLR4-/- mice. in conclusion, CRX-527 induced differentiation of HSCs protecting the intestinal epithelium from radiation damage.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Animais , Apoptose , Glucosamina/análogos & derivados , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mucosa Intestinal , Ligantes , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Compostos Organofosforados , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptores Toll-Like
9.
Nat Cell Biol ; 24(9): 1378-1393, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075972

RESUMO

While acetylated, RNA-binding-deficient TDP-43 reversibly phase separates within nuclei into complex droplets (anisosomes) comprised of TDP-43-containing liquid outer shells and liquid centres of HSP70-family chaperones, cytoplasmic aggregates of TDP-43 are hallmarks of multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here we show that transient oxidative stress, proteasome inhibition or inhibition of the ATP-dependent chaperone activity of HSP70 provokes reversible cytoplasmic TDP-43 de-mixing and transition from liquid to gel/solid, independently of RNA binding or stress granules. Isotope labelling mass spectrometry was used to identify that phase-separated cytoplasmic TDP-43 is bound by the small heat-shock protein HSPB1. Binding is direct, mediated through TDP-43's RNA binding and low-complexity domains. HSPB1 partitions into TDP-43 droplets, inhibits TDP-43 assembly into fibrils, and is essential for disassembly of stress-induced TDP-43 droplets. A decrease in HSPB1 promotes cytoplasmic TDP-43 de-mixing and mislocalization. HSPB1 depletion was identified in spinal motor neurons of patients with ALS containing aggregated TDP-43. These findings identify HSPB1 to be a regulator of cytoplasmic TDP-43 phase separation and aggregation.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Proteínas de Choque Térmico Pequenas , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Humanos , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , RNA/metabolismo
10.
Int J Behav Med ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Free antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been expanded to all people living with HIV (PLWH) in China since 2016, and adherence to ART has been shown to be the primary determinant of viral suppression. This study aimed to investigate the ART adherence and its associated factors among PLWH in China in the context of a scaling-up of treatment policy. METHOD: A prospective cohort study was conducted from June 2016 to May 2018 in Guangzhou, China. A total of 400 eligible participants were recruited from the Guangzhou Eighth People's hospital in Guangzhou, China. The Theory of Planned Behavior and the Behavioral Maintenance Theory were applied to guide the questionnaire design. Participants were invited to completed self-administered questionnaire at baseline and months 3 and 6 post-baseline. Logistic regression models were fitted to explore factors associated with ART adherence. RESULTS: Of the 400 participants, the prevalence of optimal ART adherence was 83.6% at month 3 and 83.3% at month 6. The baseline attitude (ORa = 1.11, P < 0.05), behavioral intention (ORa = 1.90, P < 0.05), and outcome expectations (ORa = 1.09, P < 0.001) predicted ART adherence at month 3 in adjusted analyses, but only outcome expectations (ORa = 1.09, P < 0.01) remained significant in the final multivariate model. At month 3, negative experiences (ORa = 0.62, P < 0.05) were the only predictor of adherence at month 6. CONCLUSION: Approximately 15% of participants reported suboptimal ART adherence. The developments of tailored interventions that target factors such as outcome expectations at baseline and negative experiences during treatment are warranted.

11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102919

RESUMO

Here, a magnetic responsive composite surface (MRCS) was prepared by injecting a magnetic elastomer into ZnO nanoarrays for intelligent control of droplet/bubble transport. This non-pollution, non-contact operation method has shown great potential in micro-fluids, micro-chemical reactors, chip laboratory environments and other related applications.

12.
Zootaxa ; 5182(2): 152-164, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095694

RESUMO

In this study, we present a taxonomic update for the ant genus Myrmecina in China that includes 14 species in total. A recent survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Chinas Hengduan Mountains collected three unknown Myrmecina species, which we describe here as Myrmecina eowilsoni sp. nov., M. gaoligongensis sp. nov., and Myrmecina pierceae sp. nov. These new species are clearly distinguishable from all the other species in the genus. We provide an update to the identification key of Chinese Myrmecina, as well as a diagnostic discussion and high-quality specimen images. In addition, Myrmecina raviwonghei Jaitrong, Samung, Waengsothorn Okido 2019 is reported for the first time from China.


Assuntos
Formigas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Folhas de Planta
13.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077973

RESUMO

The study was conducted to evaluate the extruded and pelleting feed production on growth performance, intestinal histology and microbiome analysis of juvenile red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. Crayfish were fed either pelleted or extruded feeds that were made using the same formula. Crayfish fed extruded feed had a lower feed conversion ratio, as well as significantly higher levels of trypsin and amylase (p < 0.05) than those fed pelleted feed. However, other growth indices and the activity of lipase were not significantly influenced by the feed processing technique (p > 0.05). In comparison with the pelleted feed group, the lamina propria thickness of crayfish fed extruded feed was significantly lower (p < 0.05). Additionally, the abundance of intestinal microbiota in the extruded feed group was higher than that in the pelleted feed group. The dominant phyla in the intestine of both groups were Proteobacteria, Tenericutes, and Firmicutes, and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in the extruded feed group was significantly higher than that in the pelleted feed group (p < 0.05). These results revealed that P. clarkii fed extruded feed had higher feed utilization and better intestinal health.

14.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2022: 9798758, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111317

RESUMO

Aluminum, as the most abundant metallic elemental content in the Earth's crust, usually exists in the form of alumina (Al2O3). However, the oxidation state of aluminum and the crystal structures of aluminum oxides in the pressure range of planetary interiors are not well established. Here, we predicted two aluminum suboxides (Al2O, AlO) and two superoxides (Al4O7, AlO3) with uncommon stoichiometries at high pressures using first-principle calculations and crystal structure prediction methods. We find that the P4/nmm Al2O becomes stable above ~765 GPa and may survive in the deep mantles or cores of giant planets such as Neptune. Interestingly, the Al2O and AlO are metallic and have electride features, in which some electrons are localized in the interstitials between atoms. We find that Al2O has an electrical conductivity one order of magnitude higher than that of iron under the same pressure-temperature conditions, which may influence the total conductivity of giant planets. Our findings enrich the high-pressure phase diagram of aluminum oxides and improve our understanding of the interior structure of giant planets.

15.
Front Psychol ; 13: 936253, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081719

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that sibling conflicts are detrimental to physical and psychological development, as well as long-term human development. Although many studies have discovered relations between parenting style and sibling conflicts, these findings were contentious and did not provide a universal solution. Therefore, the meta-analysis was used as the method to determine the nature and magnitude of the relationships. There were a total of 14,356 participants in the 16 included studies, from which 55 effect sizes were extracted. According to the overall meta-analysis results, authoritative parenting (r = -0.201) did have the potential to reduce sibling conflicts. Neglectful (r = 0.389), inconsistent (r = 0.364), indulgent (r = 0.293), and authoritarian (r = 0.235) parenting styles were related to sibling conflicts in a positive way. Moreover, the study investigated the effectiveness of several moderator variables, such as children's gender, age, region, outcome measure, and publication year. The research indicates that authoritative parenting is a protective factor of sibling conflicts. Moderator analyses found that gender, age, region, outcome measure, and publication year played moderating roles in the relationships. Finally, research limitations in the current study and expectations for future research, as well as theoretical contributions and implications for parenting practice, were presented. Systematic review registration: [https://inplasy.com/inplasy-2022-8-0020/], identifier [INPLASY202280020].

16.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 971992, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081904

RESUMO

Background: Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD), a malignant gastrointestinal tumor, has the characteristics of high mortality and poor prognosis. Even in the presence of oxygen, the Warburg effect, a major metabolic hallmark of almost all cancer cells, is characterized by increased glycolysis and lactate fermentation, which supports biosynthesis and provides energy to sustain tumor cell growth and proliferation. However, a thorough investigation into glycolysis- and lactate-related genes and their association with COAD prognosis, immune cell infiltration, and drug candidates is currently lacking. Methods: COAD patient data and glycolysis- and lactate-related genes were retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) databases, respectively. After univariate Cox regression analysis, a nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) algorithm was used to identify glycolysis- and lactate-related molecular subtypes. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression identified twelve glycolysis- and lactate-related genes (ADTRP, ALDOB, APOBEC1, ASCL2, CEACAM7, CLCA1, CTXN1, FLNA, NAT2, OLFM4, PTPRU, and SNCG) related to prognosis. The median risk score was employed to separate patients into high- and low-risk groups. The prognostic efficacy of the glycolysis- and lactate-related gene signature was assessed using Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. The nomogram, calibration curves, decision curve analysis (DCA), and clinical impact curve (CIC) were employed to improve the clinical applicability of the prognostic signature. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from the high- and low-risk groups. Using CIBERSORT, ESTIMATE, and single-sample GSEA (ssGSEA) algorithms, the quantities and types of tumor-infiltrating immune cells were assessed. The tumor mutational burden (TMB) and cytolytic (CYT) activity scores were calculated between the high- and low-risk groups. Potential small-molecule agents were identified using the Connectivity Map (cMap) database and validated by molecular docking. To verify key core gene expression levels, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays were conducted. Results: We identified four distinct molecular subtypes of COAD. Cluster 2 had the best prognosis, and clusters 1 and 3 had poor prognoses. High-risk COAD patients exhibited considerably poorer overall survival (OS) than low-risk COAD patients. The nomogram precisely predicted patient OS, with acceptable discrimination and excellent calibration. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses of DEGs revealed enrichment mainly in the "glycosaminoglycan binding," "extracellular matrix," "pancreatic secretion," and "focal adhesion" pathways. Patients in the low-risk group exhibited a larger infiltration of memory CD4+ T cells and dendritic cells and a better prognosis than those in the high-risk group. The chemotherapeutic agent sensitivity of patients categorized by risk score varied significantly. We predicted six potential small-molecule agents binding to the core target of the glycolysis- and lactate-related gene signature. ALDOB and APOBEC1 mRNA expression was increased in COAD tissues, whereas CLCA1 and OLFM4 mRNA expression was increased in normal tissues. Conclusion: In summary, we identified molecular subtypes of COAD and developed a glycolysis- and lactate-related gene signature with significant prognostic value, which benefits COAD patients by informing more precise and effective treatment decisions.

17.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(16)2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36015533

RESUMO

In order to obtain high dielectric silicone rubber (SR)-based nanocomposites, graphene (Gr) was added by ultrasonication and mechanical mixing for the preparation of a microporous structure. It was discovered that the Gr content and the expansion rate had a great impact on the cellular structure. Based on the effects of the Gr content and the expansion rate on the dielectric property, hybrid materials were prepared and better properties appeared, as expected. For all samples, the dielectric constant increased with the Gr content until 3 wt% and then decreased. When the Gr content was 3 wt% and the expansion rate was 2, the dielectric constant reached 18.14 (1 kHz), which was 55% higher than that of the non-expansion sample (11.74) and several times that of the pure sample (3~6). Meanwhile, the dielectric loss was less than 0.01. This work proposed a method for producing high dielectric materials with important applications in the field of capacitors, sensors, and micro-resistors.

18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(16): 11473-11481, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914180

RESUMO

Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) are a leading cause of maternal mortality and adverse birth outcomes. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been linked to HDP risk; however, limited studies have explored the relationships between specific chemical constituents of PM2.5 and HDP risk. Based on maternal data from the China Labor and Delivery Survey (CLDS), this study included a total of 67,659 participants from 95 participant hospitals in 25 provinces of China between March 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016. Maternal exposure to total PM2.5 mass and six main components during pregestation and pregnancy were estimated using the Combined Geoscience-Statistical Method. Multilevel logistic regression models were applied to quantify the associations, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. We found that an interquartile range (IQR) increase in PM2.5 exposure during the second trimester was associated with a 14% increase in HDP risk (95% CI: 2%, 29%). We observed that black carbon (BC) and SO42- had larger or comparable estimates of the effect than total PM2.5 mass. The association estimates were greater in the gestational hypertension group than in the group of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Our findings suggest that PM2.5 exposure and specific chemical components (particularly BC and SO42-) were associated with an increased HDP risk in China.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna , Material Particulado/análise , Gravidez
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(68): 9544-9547, 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929434

RESUMO

Here, we adopted a simple method to prepare an integrated mesh with an anisotropic surface (IMAS). The motion mode of the droplet can be switched by changing the tilt angle of the IMAS. This low-cost and convenient operation method has great application potential in biomimetic functional surface preparation, microfluidics, etc.


Assuntos
Microfluídica , Anisotropia , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Environ Int ; 167: 107430, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The underlying mechanisms for health effects of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) are still unclear. Small RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in exosomes represents as a powerful approach to elucidate biological pathways in response to environmental exposure. We therefore aimed to explore impact of TRAP exposure on exosomal miRNAs. METHODS: We performed a randomized, crossover study among 35 healthy college students in Shanghai, China. Participants were randomly assigned to 4-hour exposure in a traffic-polluted Road and in a traffic-free Park, respectively, intermitted by a washout period (at least 2 weeks). RNA-seq was conducted to identify plasma-derived exosomal miRNAs and the differential miRNAs were explored using linear mixed-effect models. Pathway enrichment was conducted using ingenuity pathway analysis. Further, we validated several selected miRNAs by droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). RESULTS: The average concentrations of air pollutants including ultrafine particles, black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon dioxide were 2-3 times higher in the Road compared to those in the Park. We identified 271 exosomal miRNAs (212 up-regulated and 59 down-regulated) that were significantly associated with TRAP. We found 5 miRNAs with 242 experimentally validated mRNA targets that were involved in cardiovascular pathway, cytokine signaling, and immune response. The ddPCR analysis suggested that miR-3612, miR-21-5p, and miR-195-5p were significantly changed following TRAP exposure. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time this trial characterized the genome-wide changes of exosomal miRNA associated with TRAP exposure. The molecular profiling of exosomal miRNAs and "novel" associations of some miRNAs were useful for understanding on biological mechanisms for the adverse effects of TRAP.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , MicroRNAs , China , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA
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