Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.896
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 359, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013404

RESUMO

The schweinfurthin family of natural compounds exhibit a unique and potent differential cytotoxicity against a number of cancer cell lines and may reduce tumor growth in vivo. In some cell lines, such as SF-295 glioma cells, schweinfurthins elicit cytotoxicity at nanomolar concentrations. However, other cell lines, like A549 lung cancer cells, are resistant to schweinfurthin treatment up to micromolar concentrations. At this time, the precise mechanism of action and target for these compounds is unknown. Here, we employ RNA sequencing of cells treated with 50 nM schweinfurthin analog TTI-3066 for 6 and 24 h to elucidate potential mechanisms and pathways which may contribute to schweinfurthin sensitivity and resistance. The data was analyzed via an interaction model to observe differential behaviors between sensitive SF-295 and resistant A549 cell lines. We show that metabolic and stress-response pathways were differentially regulated in the sensitive SF-295 cell line as compared with the resistant A549 cell line. In contrast, A549 cell had significant alterations in response genes involved in translation and protein metabolism. Overall, there was a significant interaction effect for translational proteins, RNA metabolism, protein metabolism, and metabolic genes. Members of the Hedgehog pathway were differentially regulated in the resistant A549 cell line at both early and late time points, suggesting a potential mechanism of resistance. Indeed, when cotreated with the Smoothened inhibitor cyclopamine, A549 cells became more sensitive to schweinfurthin treatment. This study therefore identifies a key interplay with the Hedgehog pathway that modulates sensitivity to the schweinfurthin class of compounds.

2.
Public Health ; 202: 113-120, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936979

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate how early-life exposure to famine affected the development of overweight, general obesity and abdominal obesity in Chinese adults. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a 22-year cohort study. METHODS: Data were derived from the China Health and Nutrition Survey, which is a national prospective cohort study. All participants born between 1949 and 1966 were potentially eligible. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured by trained healthcare workers. Height and weight were used to calculate body mass index, which was used to define general obesity and WC was used to define abdominal obesity. Exposure to famine was defined using the birth date as follows: no exposure (participants born between 1962 and 1966); fetal exposure (participants born between 1959 and 1961); early childhood exposure (participants born between 1956 and 1958); mid-childhood exposure (participants born between 1953 and 1955); and late childhood exposure (participants born between 1949 and 1952). RESULTS: In total, 6957 participants were included in this study. Results indicate that exposure to famine was linked to a lower risk of being overweight. Exposure to famine in mid-childhood decreased the risk of general obesity in both males (hazard ratio [HR] 0.485, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.292-0.807 [P = 0.005]) and females (HR 0.426, 95% CI 0.256-0.709 [P = 0.001]). Exposure to famine during any period of childhood decreased the risk of abdominal obesity (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to famine in early childhood decreased the risk of overweight and abdominal obesity in adulthood; however, exposure to famine only had a weak role in the development of general obesity.


Assuntos
Fome Epidêmica , Inanição , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade , Obesidade Abdominal , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(12): 1157-1164, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856688

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTC) and glucose metabolism in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) diagnosed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). Methods: A total of 239 subjects without diabetes mellitus were previously enrolled and underwent 1H-MRS scans. Anthropometric indexes including height, weight, waist and blood pressure, and laboratory findings as plasma glucose (PG), insulin (INS), C-peptide (CP), liver enzymes [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)] and lipid profiles were collected. According to IHTC levels, participants were divided into three groups: the non-NAFLD group (IHTC<5.56%), the mild NAFLD group (IHTC 5.56%-<33%), and the moderate and severe NAFLD group (IHTC ≥ 33%). The clinical characteristics of each group were analyzed, and the correlation between IHTC and glucose metabolism were assessed. Results: Compared with those in the non-NAFLD group, male proportion, waist, 120 min postprandial PG (PG120), CP, liver enzymes and total cholesterol (TC) levels were greater in the NAFLD group, whereas insulin sensitivity index-Cederholm (ISI-Cederholm) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were lower in the NAFLD groups. Subjects in the moderate and severe NAFLD group had higher levels of 120 min postprandial INS (INS120) and Stumvoll indexes, and lower ISI-Cederholm than those in the mild NAFLD group [80.37 (57.68, 112.70) mU/L vs.110.50(71.78, 172.80)mU/L, 1453(1178, 1798)vs.1737(1325, 2380), 358(297, 446) vs.441(318, 594), 2.27(2.01, 2.53) vs.2.06(1.81, 2.39), respectively, all P<0.05]. Correlation analyses showed that IHTC was significantly positively correlated with waist hip ratio (WHR), PG120, INS120, HOMA insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), Stumvoll 1st-insulin secretion, Stumvoll 2nd-insulin secretion, ALT, AST, GGT and TC (r=0.197, 0.274, 0.334, 0.162, 0.199, 0.211, 0.406, 0.361, 0.215, and 0.196, respectively, all P<0.05), and negatively correlated with ISI-Cederholm and HDL-C (r=-0.334, and-0.237, respectively, all P<0.05). Furthermore, a multiple linear stepwise regression analysis indicated that ISI-Cederholm (Standardized ß =-0.298, P<0.001) and Stumvoll 1st insulin secretion (Standardized ß = 0.164, P = 0.024) were independent factors of IHTC. Conclusions: Peripheral insulin resistance occurs in the early stage of NAFLD and becomes worse with the progression of the disease. IHTC was independently associated with insulin sensitivity and first-phase insulin secretion.

6.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921509

RESUMO

Recently, accumulating evidence has shown that hydrogen sulphide (H2 S), a newly determined gasotransmitter, plays important roles in senescence, which is an essential biological process for plant fitness and an important agricultural trait that is critical for the yield and quality of farm produce. Here, in this review, we summarize the roles of H2 S in senescence, both before and after the harvesting of agricultural products, and the underlying mechanism is also discussed. During the plant growth process, the function of H2 S in the leaf senescence process has been studied extensively, and H2 S plays roles during the whole process, including the initiation, reorganization and terminal stages. While during the postharvest stage, H2 S can prevents farm products from deterioration resulting from over-ripening, pathogen attack and incorrect storage. The underlying H2 S-related mechanisms during different stages of the senescence process are summarized and compared. The most prominent interaction occurs between H2 S and reactive oxygen species, and the molecular mechanism is explored. Additionally, the conserved action mode of H2 S in different life processes and different species is also discussed. In the future, multi-omics analyses over time will be needed to investigate the detailed mechanisms of H2 S, and a safety attribute analysis of H2 S is also required before it can be used in agricultural production.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(23): 7195-7203, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in the recovery of spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats by downregulating matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A model of SCI was first successfully established in rats. A total of three groups were set, including: sham operation group (A group), SCI group (B group) and PP2A group (C group). The Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) motor function score and inclined plane test were adopted to evaluate the motor ability and limb muscle strength of rats in each group. The water content in spinal cord tissues was detected as well. Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) assay was performed to analyze the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels of MAPK, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in spinal cord tissues. The expressions of inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-6 in each group of rats were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blotting (WB) was employed to measure the protein expression levels of MAPK, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in each group of rats. Additionally, the apoptosis of nerve cells in spinal cord tissues was analyzed through terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. RESULTS: The BBB score was 8.8 points in C group at 5 d after operation, which was significantly different from that in B group (p<0.05). The slope in B and C groups was clearly lower than that in A group at each time point (p<0.001). Meanwhile, it was significantly higher in C group than that in B group at 5, 7 and 9 d (p<0.05). The edema rate rose notably in B group compared with A group (p<0.001). However, spinal cord edema was remarkably relieved after treatment with FRY720 (p<0.01), suggesting that PP2A agonist could treat SCI in rats. The levels of cytokines TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 were markedly higher in B group than those in A group (p<0.01). However, they were significantly reduced after treatment with PP2A agonist (p<0.01). In comparison with A group, B group exhibited remarkably decreased mRNA expression of MAPK and elevated mRNA expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 (p<0.01). However, C group exhibited an upregulated mRNA expression of MAPK (p<0.05), a downregulated mRNA expression of MMP-9 (p<0.01), and an undifferentiated mRNA expression of MMP-2 (p>0.05). Compared with B group, the protein expression level of MAPK significantly increased (p<0.05), while that of MMP-9 evidently decreased in C group (p<0.05). Besides, no statistically significant difference was observed in the protein expression level of MMP-2 between C group and B group (p>0.05). Compared with that in A group, the apoptosis rate significantly increased in B group (p<0.001). In addition, the apoptosis rate was significantly lower in C group than that in B group, showing a statistically significant difference (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: PP2A downregulates MMP-9 through the MAPK signaling pathway, thereby conducing to the recovery of SCI in rats.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776313

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences in the diagnosis and treatment outcomes between radioactive iodine-induced sialadenitis (RAIS) and chronic obstructive parotitis (COP). The study cohort comprised 47 consecutive patients diagnosed with RAIS and 50 patients with COP. All patients were treated by interventional endoscopy. Clinical, sialography, and endoscopy characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared between the two groups. Compared with the COP group, the RAIS group included more females (male:female ratio 1:8.4 vs 1:2.1; P = 0.011) and had a younger onset age (42 vs 50 years; P = 0.001) and shorter disease duration prior to hospital visit (5.4 vs 34.8 months; P < 0.001). In the RAIS group, sialography revealed obliteration of the main duct (20.4% vs 0%; P < 0.001), non-visualization of the main gland (23.7% vs 0%; P < 0.001), and incomplete contrast filling of the main gland (19.4% vs 6.4%; P = 0.008), which were scarcely observed in the COP group. Endoscopy revealed a higher percentage of duct atresia in RAIS compared to COP (20.4% vs 0%; P < 0.001). During follow-up, a higher percentage of RAIS patients had duct atresia and gland atrophy (49.5% vs 1.1%, P < 0.001). Compared with COP, RAIS more commonly involves younger females and has a shorter disease duration. Atresia of the main duct and atrophy of the gland parenchyma occur more often despite the use of interventional endoscopy.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(42): 3443-3446, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775700

RESUMO

Hyperkalemia is a common electrolyte disorder in patients with chronic kidney disease, and can be life-threatening in severe cases. It is an emergency that every clinician should recognize and master. This paper briefly describes the risk of hyperkalemia in order to pay more attention to hyperkalemia, summarizes the strategies for the treatment of hyperkalemia and reviews different treatment methods, so as to provide ideas for the treatment of hyperkalemia and improve the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Hiperpotassemia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/etiologia , Hiperpotassemia/prevenção & controle , Potássio , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(42): 3478-3483, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775705

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the prevalence and related factors of hyperkalemia in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Methods: DKD patients from the Department of Nephrology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2020 were selected, and the clinical data of the patients were retrospectively collected. The prevalence of hyperkalemia in DKD patients and the prevalence of hyperkalemia in patients with different age, gender and different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) were studied, and the related factors of hyperkalemia were further explored. Results: A total of 1 721 patients with DKD were included, with 1 117 males (64.9%) [mean age: (56±12) years] and 604 females (35.1%) [mean age: (59±12) years]. The blood potassium level of the study population was (4.93±0.77) mmol/L, in which the serum potassium level of male and female was (4.92±0.77) mmol/L and (4.93±0.76) mmol/L, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.752). Further grouping by CKD stage, the serum potassium levels of CKD stage 1-5 patients were (4.58±0.52), (4.65±0.47), (4.86±0.59), (5.21±0.79) and (5.61±0.88) mmol/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (F=170.701, P<0.001). The prevalence of hyperkalemia was 37.0% (636/1 721). The prevalence of mild, moderate and severe hyperkalemia was 17.4%, 10.5% and 9.1%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of hyperkalemia between men and women (36.8% vs 37.3%, χ²=0.035, P=0.851). The prevalence of hyperkalemia in CKD stage 1-5 patients was 16.3%, 21.2%, 37.6%, 55.2%, 72.5%, respectively, which increased with the severity of CKD (χ²=365.721, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR=0.975, 95%CI: 0.972-0.979), diastolic blood pressure (OR=0.985, 95%CI: 0.975-0.994) and serum sodium concentration (OR=0.972, 95%CI: 0.945-1.000) were the influencing factors of hyperkalemia in DKD patients. Conclusions: The prevalence of hyperkalemia in DKD patients was 37.0%. Glomerular filtration rate, diastolic blood pressure and serum sodium concentration were the influencing factors. The serum potassium level and the prevalence of hyperkalemia increased with the deterioration of renal function.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Hiperpotassemia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Potássio , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 914-917, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814488

RESUMO

Objective: To explore human papillomavirus (HPV) infection status in 2 110 patients with cervical cancer in Henan province and analyze the main infection subtypes. Methods: A total of 2 110 patients with cervical cancer were detected for HPV subtypes by flow-through hybridization after PCR. The results were analyzed. Results: Among 2 110 patients with cervical cancer, 1 856 were detected to be HPV positive and the infection rate was 87.96%(95%CI: 86.57%-89.35%). The top six genotypes were HPV16, 58, 18, 52, 35 and 33. Single infection was the main type of infection in HPV positive cervical cancer patients (77.48%), and double infection was the second type infection(16.76%). The infection rate of HPV16 was 60.19%, occupying a predominant position in single or multiple infections. Among HPV positive cervical cancer patients, 1 599 cases were detected to be infected with high-risk subtypes and covered by nine-valence HPV vaccine, and the coverage rate reached 86.15% (1 599/1 856). Cervical cancer patients were mainly distributed in age group 40- years. The main HPV subtypes of cervical cancer patients were different among different age groups, but HPV16 subtype was in a predominant position in any age group. Conclusions: The main subtypes of HPV infection were HPV16, 58, 18, 52, 35 and 33 in cervical cancer patients in this study. The main infection type was single infection. There were more cervical cancer patients in age group 40- years.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Feminino , Genótipo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 935-940, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814492

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the attitudes and cognition of disease control and prevention professionals at provincial level on public health physician standardized training and provide evidence for the improvement of the standardized training and exploration of more effective training mode in China. Methods: By cluster sampling, 2 193 professionals at provincial centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) in 6 provinces, including Jiangsu and Guangdong, Shanxi and Hubei,Sichuan and Xinjiang were selected as the study subjects, the sample size was estimated to be 1 933 persons. Results: A total of 1 716 provincial-level CDC professionals were surveyed, the support rate to the standardized training was 70.7%(1 213/1 716). The level of support was negatively associated with the educational level of professionals and their specialty of public health and preventive medicine. Of 875 public health and preventive medicine professionals, 61.6%(318/516) of those with master's degree or above supported the standard training for public health physicians, which was lower than 73.1%(225/308) of those with bachelor's degree and 86.3%(44/51) of those with college degree or below. There were 14.9%(232/1 555) of the respondents suggested a two year training, and 60.4%(933/1 544) suggesting a field training mode. In terms of training content, 86.6%(1 355/1 564) suggesting "epidemiological survey and public health practice", and 76.7%(1 199/1 564) suggesting "basic theories and methodology". Conclusions: In general, the professionals of provincial CDC showed a relatively low interest in the standardized training for public health physicians and failed to reach a consensus. Besides, they were ill-informed about current training duration, method and content. Thas, the professionals at provincial CDC are suggested to be the key target-population whom should be mobilized during the training pilot period, especially the highly educated ones with relevant specialties of public health. It is suggested that public health physician standardized training should to be implemented in whole CDC system to reach full consensus based on its practical achievements and effects. It is also suggested to establish public health graduate medical education system in China.


Assuntos
Médicos , Saúde Pública , Atitude , China , Cognição , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1347-1352, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814552

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the sensitivity and specificity of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing in 20 348 close contacts of COVID-19 cases in different prevention and control stages in Guangzhou and to provide scientific evidence for optimizing epidemic response strategies. Methods: A total of 20 348 close contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangzhou were traced between February 21 and September 22,2020. All the close contacts were tested for the nucleic acid of SARS-CoV-2. The sensitivity and specificity of nucleic acid testing and diagnosis in the different prevention and control stages were compared. Results: In 20 348 close contacts, 12 462 were males (61.24%), the median (P25,P75) of age of them was 31.0 years (23.0,43.0), the median number (P25,P75) of nucleic acid testing for them was 2.0 (1.0,3.0), and the median (P25,P75) of their quarantine days was 12.0 (8.0,13.0) days, respectively. A total of 256 COVID-19 cases were confirmed in the close contacts after seven nucleic acid tests. In the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 7th nucleic acid testing, the sensitivity and specificity were 69.14% and 99.99% (177 cases confirmed), 89.84% and 99.99% (230 cases confirmed), 97.27% and 99.99% (249 cases confirmed), and 100.00% and 99.98%, respectively. In the three stages of COVID-19 prevention and control in China: domestic case stage, imported case stage, and imported case associated local epidemic stage, the sensitivity of the 1st nucleic acid testing was 70.68%, 68.00% and 67.35%, and the specificity was 99.98%, 100.00% and 100.00%, respectively. Conclusions: The sensitivity of nucleic acid testing in the close contacts at the different stages were consistent with slight decrease, which might be related to the increased proportion of asymptomatic infections in the late stage of epidemic prevention and control with COVID-19 in Guangzhou. It is suggested to give three nucleic acid tests to improve the sensitivity and reduce false negative risk.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , Adulto , Infecções Assintomáticas , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 28(Pt 6): 1954-1965, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738951

RESUMO

The optical design and performance of the recently opened 13A biological small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) beamline at the 3.0 GeV Taiwan Photon Source of the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center are reported. The beamline is designed for studies of biological structures and kinetics in a wide range of length and time scales, from angstrom to micrometre and from microsecond to minutes. A 4 m IU24 undulator of the beamline provides high-flux X-rays in the energy range 4.0-23.0 keV. MoB4C double-multilayer and Si(111) double-crystal monochromators (DMM/DCM) are combined on the same rotating platform for a smooth rotation transition from a high-flux beam of ∼4 × 1014 photons s-1 to a high-energy-resolution beam of ΔE/E ≃ 1.5 × 10-4; both modes share a constant beam exit. With a set of Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirrors, the X-ray beam is focused to the farthest SAXS detector position, 52 m from the source. A downstream four-bounce crystal collimator, comprising two sets of Si(311) double crystals arranged in a dispersive configuration, optionally collimate the DCM (vertically diffracted) beam in the horizontal direction for ultra-SAXS with a minimum scattering vector q down to 0.0004 Å-1, which allows resolving ordered d-spacing up to 1 µm. A microbeam, of 10-50 µm beam size, is tailored by a combined set of high-heat-load slits followed by micrometre-precision slits situated at the front-end 15.5 m position. The second set of KB mirrors then focus the beam to the 40 m sample position, with a demagnification ratio of ∼1.5. A detecting system comprising two in-vacuum X-ray pixel detectors is installed to perform synchronized small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering data collections. The observed beamline performance proves the feasibility of having compound features of high flux, microbeam and ultra-SAXS in one beamline.


Assuntos
Fótons , Síncrotrons , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Taiwan , Difração de Raios X , Raios X
16.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(4): 213-216, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645118

RESUMO

Animal drugs and their paintings were recorded in both Ben Cao Tu Jing(Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica) and Sman Thang of Tibetan medicine. By analyzing the species,techniques of expression, and facticity in the book and the paintings, different characteristics of animal drugs and their paintings were manifested, reflecting a colorful scene of diverse cultures.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Animais , China , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana
17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(3): 256-263, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645170

RESUMO

Objective: To explore whether the cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS+HIPEC) can improve the survival rate of colorectal cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis. Methods: The relevant studies were systematically retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP database, and the study of French Elias' team on peritoneal metastasis was retrieved manually. Inclusion criteria: (1) The patients were colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis. (2) There were CRS+HIPEC treatments (treatment group) and other treatments (control group). (3) Survival analysis data of treatment group and control group were available. (4) Types of studies were randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, or case-control studies. (5) The literature was in Chinese or English. Exclusion criteria: (1) studies without full-text; (2) studies without complete data. The literature screening and data extraction were carried out by two people independently, and the third person decided on the literature with differences. The extracted data included authors, year of publication, number of patients, time of enrollment, time of follow-up, studies design, treatment regimen, hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of treatment group and control groups. If the HR and 95% CI of the treatment group and control group were not provided in the literature, Engauge Digitizer 11.1 software was used to extract the time of follow-up and the survival rate at the corresponding time point from the survival curves of both groups, and the HR and 95% CI of both groups were calculated by combining the number of both groups. The quality of study was evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) or Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk bias. STATA 15.1 software was used for statistical analysis. HR and 95% CI of both groups were pooled and analyzed. Inter-trial heterogeneity was assessed by Q test and I(2) statistics. When there was no significant heterogeneity (Q test: P≥0.10), fixed-effect model was used for pooled analysis. When significant heterogeneity existed (Q test: P<0.10), random effect model was used for pooled analysis, and subgroup analysis was used to find out the source of heterogeneity. Sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the pooled results. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's test and Begg's test (P<0.05 indicated publication bias) and it is reflected by the visual symmetry of Begg's funnel plot on the natural logarithm of HR. Results: A total of 10 studies were enrolled in the meta-analysis, including 1 randomized controlled trial and 9 cohort studies. The risk of bias in 1 randomized controlled trial was uncertain, and 9 cohort studies were all higher than 7 points, indicating high quality literatures. There were 781 patients in treatment group receiving CRS+HIPEC and 2452 patients in control group receiving other treatment, including tumor cytoreductive surgery (CRS), palliative chemotherapy (PC) and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC). The results of pooled analysis by random effect model showed that the OS rate in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group (HR=0.43, 95% CI: 0.34-0.54), but the heterogeneity of the study was high (P=0.024, I(2)=52.9%). The subgroup analysis of different control treatments showed that the OS rate in treatment group was significantly higher than that in CRS control group (HR=0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.90), in PC control group (HR=0.37, 95% CI: 0.32-0.43), in CRS+ IPC control group (HR=0.60, 95% CI: 0.37-0.96), and the heterogeneity of each subgroup was low (CRS control group: P=0.255, I(2)=22.9%; PC control group: P=0.222, I(2)=29.9%; CRS+IPC control group: P=0.947, I(2)=0). Due to the low heterogeneity of subgroups, fixed-effect models were used to pool and analysis. The results of sensitivity analysis revealed that there was little difference between the pooled analysis results after each study was deleted, suggesting that the pooled analysis results were more reliable. Publication bias detection of each study showed Begg's test (P=0.088) >0.05 and Egger's test (P=0.138)>0.05. According to the Begg's funnel plot, the scatter point distribution was basically symmetric, indicating that there was no publication bias in the included study. Conclusion: CRS+HIPEC can improve the OS of patients with colorectal cancer peritoneal metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia do Câncer por Perfusão Regional , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Humanos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 990-994, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To measure the three-dimensional morphology of the labial supraosseous gingiva (SOG) and the thickness of related labial bone in maxillary anterior teeth of periodontally healthy Han nationality youth using soft tissue indirect imaging cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: Twenty-five periodontally healthy subjects (11 males and 14 females) with 150 maxillary anterior teeth were involved in this study. A special impression with radiopaque material including the maxillary teeth was made, then a CBCT scan with the elastomeric matrix in position was taken for each subject. The imaging data were generated and transferred to a volumetric imaging software in which three-dimensional reconstruction was conducted and the image analyses were carried out. Measurements were made at the site of labial center of the maxillary anterior teeth. The height of the SOG, the distance between cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and bone crest, the gingival thickness at the CEJ, and the thickness of bone 2 mm below the labial bone crest were measured and the correlation analysis between the parameters was made. All the data analyses were performed using SPSS 22.0. The data were analyzed with ANVOA and Pearson correlation tests with the significance level at α=0.05. RESULTS: The mean SOG values were (3.49±0.70) mm, (3.48±0.81) mm, and (3.54±0.67) mm for central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences among the different sites (P > 0.05). The mean gingival thickness values were (1.45±0.23) mm, (1.13±0.24) mm, (1.14±0.22) mm for central incisors, lateral incisors and canines, respectively. The gingival thickness of the central incisors was the largest among the maxillary anterior teeth with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). No correlation was found between the SOG and gingival thickness among the maxillary anterior teeth (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The gingival thickness of central incisors was the largest and the supraosseous gingival height had no correlation with gingival thickness among the periodontally healthy maxillary anterior teeth.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Maxila , Adolescente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Dente
19.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 941-945, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689513
20.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 946-953, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689514

RESUMO

Rheumatic diseases are a kind of chronic inflammatory diseases mainly involving joints and surrounding tissues. Most patients with rheumatic diseases need long-term treatment, which is difficult to be avoided during pregnancy. Treatment efficacy, as well as maternal and fetal safety should be taken into account in the medical decision. Based on the domestic and foreign guidelines, consensus, diagnosis and treatment experience, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed the standardization of medication use in patients with rheumatic diseases preparing and during pregnancy, aiming on the application and precautions of commonly used medicines for rheumatic diseases in preparing pregnancy, pregnancy and lactation.


Assuntos
Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Consenso , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...