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1.
Eur J Immunol ; 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811758

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Treg) are known to have a central role in orchestrating immune responses, but less is known about the destiny of regulatory T cells after being activated by specific antigens (Ags). This study aimed to investigate the role of superoxide dismutase, an active molecule in the regulation of oxidative stress in the body, in the prevention of Treg apoptosis induced by specific Ags. Ag-specific Tregs were isolated from the DO11.10 mouse intestine. A food allergy mouse model was developed with ovalbumin as the specific Ag and here, we observed that exposure to specific Ag induced Treg apoptosis through converting the precursor of TGF-ß to its mature form inside the Tregs. Oxidative stress was induced in Tregs upon exposure to specific Ags, in which Smad3 bound the latency-associated peptide to induce its degradation, converting the TGF-ß precursor to its mature form, TGF-ß. Suppressing oxidative stress in Tregs alleviated the specific Ag-induced Treg apoptosis in in vitro experiments and suppressed experimental food allergy by preventing the specific Ag-induced Treg apoptosis in the intestine. In conclusion, exposure to specific Ags induces Treg apoptosis and it can be prevented by up-regulating superoxide dismutase or suppressing reactive oxidative species in Tregs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 702: 108828, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741336

RESUMO

Eosinophils (Eos) are the canonical effector cells in allergic rhinitis (AR) and many inflammatory diseases. The mechanism of eosinophilia occurring in the lesion sites is not fully understood yet. Twist1 protein (Twist, in short) is an apoptosis inhibitor that also has immune regulatory functions. This study aims to investigate the role of Twist in the pathogenesis of eosinophilia in AR. In this study, surgically removed human nasal mucosal samples were obtained from patients with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps with AR (the AR group) or without AR (the nAR group). Eos were isolated from the samples by flow cytometry. We found that abundant Eos were obtained from the surgically removed nasal mucosa tissues of both nAR and AR groups. Significantly higher Ras activation was detected in AR Eos than that in nAR Eos. Ras activation was associated with the apoptosis resistance in AR Eos. The Twist (an apoptosis inhibitor) expression was higher in AR Eos, which was positively correlated with the Ras activation status. The sensitization to IgG induced Twist expression in Eos, in which Ras activated the MAPK-HIF-1α pathway, the latter promoted the Twist gene transcription. Twist bound Rac GTPase activating protein-1 to sustain the Ras activation in Eos. Ras activation sustained the apoptosis resistance in Eos. In conclusion, high Ras activation was detected in the AR nasal mucosal tissue-isolated Eos. IgG-sensitization induced Ras activation and Twist expression in Eos, that conferred Eos the apoptosis resistance.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 272-280, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645112

RESUMO

In this study, 23 germplasm resources of Chrysanthemum morifolium used in medicine and tea were collected from Dabie Mountains and its surrounding producing areas, and the contents of 13 mineral elements were determined and compared. The thermal maps of correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for comprehensive evaluation. The results showed that the average content of each element in Ch. morifolium of different germplasm resources was: K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd, and the leaves were: K>N>Ca>Mg>P>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cr>Cu>Ni>Pb>Cd. There are rich contents of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and Fe in Ch. morifolium flowers and their leaves, among them, K element has the largest change range, while N, Ca, Fe, Mg and Zn elements have a larger change range. The absorption and accumulation of each element in the leaves of different germplasm resources varied greatly. The correlation analysis shows that there is a strong positive correlation between Ca element, Mg, Mn and Cd element.Principal component analysis in Ch. morifolium flowers characteristic elements for Mn, Cr, Cu, P, K, can be used as a Ch. morifolium resources to identify the characteristics of the elements, choose top five principal component(F1-F5) comprehensive evalua-tion of medicinal Ch. morifolium, scored in the top five varieties for Hangiu-Fuhuangju, Hangju-Xiaoyangju, Hangju-Sheyangju, Hangju-Dayanghua, Hangju-Subeiju,indicates that in terms of mineral elements, the five medicinal Ch. morifolium resources quality is better. The PCA score chart can divide 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 4 groups, and the cluster analysis heat map divides 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 5 groups. All the Ch. morifolium resources of the same type can be well clustered together, indicating that the difference in mineral element content of Ch. morifolium germplasm resources is closely related to genetic factors.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Chrysanthemum/genética , Flores/genética , Minerais , Folhas de Planta , Chá
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 281-289, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645113

RESUMO

In this study, 24 copies of samples of Chrysanthemum morifolium and soil from two main production towns in Macheng city were collected, and the contents of 13 mineral elements, 5 effective components and 14 soil nutrient factors in Ch. morifolium were determined. The enrichment characteristics of available soil nutrients by mineral elements were analyzed and the dominant factors affecting the effective components of Ch. morifolium were screened. The results showed that the content of mineral elements and soil nutrients and effective components are very different, and variation of soil fertility was much greater than that of inorganic elements in chrysanthemum plants. In general, the level of element content in Ch. morifolium from different producing areas is K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd. The content of K, N and Mg is higher than that of common crops, and the content of Cu, Cd and Pb in Ch. morifolium from various producing areas does not exceed the relevant standards. The N, P and K enrichment capacity in soil was stronger than that of other elements, and the Ca enrichment ability was the worst. The content of AvCu in the soil was positively correlated with the contents of N, Mg, K, Fe and Cu elements in Ch. morifolium. The contents of chlorogenic acid, luteolin, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid reached the pharmacopoeia standard. The percentage of chlorogenic acid and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid in Ch. morifolium that from Huangtugang town in the active components were generally higher than that from Futianhe town, and the diffe-rences of luteolin contents in the two producing areas were relatively small. The correlation and regression analysis showed that the contents of Cu, Zn and Cr in Ch. morifolium were positively correlated with the active components, while the contents of Fe, Mn and Ni were negatively correlated with the contents of AvP, AvK, TK, AvMn and AvCu in soil. In general, Zn and Ca fertilizer should be added to the ecological planting of Ch. morifolium, K fertilizer should be added, and N and P fertilizer should be applied appropriately.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Solo , Fertilizantes , Minerais , Nutrientes
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 290-297, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645114

RESUMO

In order to identify the species and biological characteristics of the pathogen of southern blight from three kinds of Chinese medicine of Iridaceae(Belamcanda chinensis, Iris tectorum and I. japonica) in Dabie Mountains, the isolation, identification, pathogenicity and biological characteristics of the pathogens were studied according to Koch's postulates. In addition, 9 chemical fungicides, 3 botanical fungicides and 5 microbial fungicides were used to evaluate their inhibition to the isolates in vitro. The results showed that all the strains(SG-Q, YW-Q, and HDH-Q) isolated and purified from the diseased plants of B. chinensis, I. tectorum and I. japonica, respectively, were identified as Sclerotium rolfsii through morphological observation and sequence aligement of 18 S rDNA, rDNA-ITS and TEF. Field observations showed that the intensity of the disease incidence of three Iridaceae plants was B. chinensis>I. japonica> I. tectorum, and the pathogenicity of the strains was SG-Q>YW-Q>HDH-Q. For biological characteristics, SG-Q strain was suitable for growth under the 12 h light/12 h dark cycle, with the optimal growth temperature of 30 ℃ and pH of 5. Among the 9 tested chemical fungicides, 29% lime sulphure and 10% flusilazole had stronger inhibitory effect on mycelia growth of SG-Q. For 3 botanical fungicides, 1% osthol, 20% eugenol and 0.5% berberine could effectively inhibt the mycelial growth of SG-Q and cause the morphological variation of the pathogen. For 5 microbial fungicides, Trichoderma harzianum and Bacillus subtilis had better inhibition on the mycelium growth of SG-Q.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota , Iridaceae , Medicina , Hypocreales
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 366-373, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645123

RESUMO

In order to explore the effect of different drying methods(drying-in-the-shade, sun-drying, and hot air drying) on appearance characteristics, internal structure and composition of Belamcandae Rhizoma, so as to provide a theoretical basis for screening out suitable drying methods for primary processing. In this study, the Belamcandae Rhizoma's dynamic changes of the moisture content ratio and drying rate with different drying time under different drying methods, as well as the effects of different drying methods on the appearance, drying rate, density, ash, extractives and the contents of six flavonoids(mangiferin, tectoridin, iridin, tectorigenin, irigenin, irisflorentin) were compared. The results showed that fresh Belamcandae Rhizoma consumed the longest time to reach the water balance point by traditional dry drying in the shade, whiche was about 311 h; that by sun drying was 19.3%, which was shorter than drying in the shade; both drying curves were smoother. The section color of the sun drying samples was the closest to that of fresh samples, but the interior is full of holes, with a low density and loose structure. Hot air drying(40, 60, 80 ℃) could save about 27% to 88% of the drying time, which was greatly shorter, with less pores, a larger density and compact structure. Compared with the traditional drying method, the drying rate of hot air drying was reduced by 13.7%. Ash was affected by temperature, the drying conditions under 40 ℃ and below were not significantly different from those of conventional drying. The ash content decreased by 7.73% to 18.5% compared with conventional drying at 60,80 ℃. After conventional drying and 40 ℃ hot air drying, the contents of tectoridin and iridin(glycosides) in the samples were significantly higher than those in 60,80 ℃ hot air drying, while the contents of tectorigenin, irigenin and irisflorentin(aglycones) dried at 60 ℃ were the best. Therefore, considering comprehensive appearance characteristics and content of medicinal ingredients, traditional Chinese medicinal materials after 60 ℃ hot air drying show a solid texture, tight internal structure, good appearance, appropriate reduction of toxic parasides and higher aglycone content.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Dessecação , Rizoma
7.
J Nat Prod ; 84(2): 247-258, 2021 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533247

RESUMO

Sixteen new sesquiterpene lactones (1-16) along with 13 known analogues (17-29) were isolated from the whole plants of Centipeda minima. The structures of 1-16 were delineated by the combination of NMR spectroscopic experiments, HRESIMS, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, and ECD spectra. Compounds 23-26 showed potent cytotoxicity against Hela, HCT-116, and HepG2 cells with IC50 values of 0.8-2.6, 0.4-3.3, and 1.1-2.6 µM, respectively. Compounds 8, 15, and 24 exhibited significant inhibitory activity on the production of nitric oxide in the lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cell line, with IC50 values ranging from 0.1 to 0.2 µM.

8.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 66, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a critical activator of inflammation. Circulating mtDNA released causes lung injury in experimental models. We hypothesized that elevated plasma mtDNA levels are associated with acute lung injury (ALI) in septic patients. METHODS: We enrolled 66 patients with sepsis admitted to the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2019 and October 2019. Respiratory, hemodynamic and bedside echocardiographic parameters were recorded. Plasma mtDNA, procalcitonin, interleukin 6, and interleukin 8 levels were examined. RESULTS: Plasma mtDNA levels within 24 h after admission were significantly increased in the group of septic patients with ALI [5.01 (3.38-6.64) vs 4.13 (3.20-5.07) log copies/µL, p 0.0172]. mtDNA levels were independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio, 3.2052; 95% CI 1.1608-8.8500; p 0.0253) and ALI risk (odds ratio 2.7506; 95% CI 1.1647-6.4959; p 0.0210). Patients with high mtDNA levels had worse outcomes, and post hoc tests showed significant differences in 28-day survival rates. Increased mtDNA levels were seen in patients with abdominal infection. CONCLUSIONS: Increased plasma mtDNA levels within 24 h after admission were significantly associated with ALI incidence and mortality in septic patients.

9.
Immunology ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539546

RESUMO

The mechanism of generation of regulatory T cells (Treg) remains incompletely understood. Recent studies show that CD83 has immune regulatory functions. This study aims to investigate the role of epithelial cell-derived CD83 in the restoration of immune tolerance in the airway mucosa by inducing the Treg differentiation. In this study, CD83 and ovalbumin (OVA)-carrying exosomes were generated from airway epithelial cells. An airway allergy mouse model was developed to test the role of CD83/OVA-carrying exosomes in the suppression of airway allergy by inducing Treg generation. We observed that mouse airway epithelial cells expressed CD83 that could be up-regulated by CD40 ligand. The CD83 deficiency in epithelial cells retarded the Treg generation in the airway mucosa. CD83 up-regulated transforming growth factor-ß-inducible early gene 1 expression in CD4+ T cells to promote Foxp3 expression. Exposure of primed CD4+ T cells to CD83/OVA-carrying exosomes promoted antigen-specific Treg generation. Administration of CD83/OVA-carrying exosomes inhibited experimental airway allergic response. In summary, airway epithelial cells express CD83 that is required in the Treg differentiation in the airway mucosa. Administration of CD83/OVA-carrying exosomes can inhibit airway allergy that has the translation potential in the treatment of airway allergic disorders.

10.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559177

RESUMO

To date, limited studies have focused on the association between dietary fat and liver cancer risk, especially in China. Our study aims to evaluate the association between dietary fat intake and liver cancer incidence risk in men. Dietary fat intake was obtained through a validated food frequency questionnaire in a Chinese prospective cohort. The Cox regression model was utilized to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). After exclusion, 59 998 recruitments were finally analyzed with a total follow-up time of 714 339 person-years, 431 incident liver cancer cases were newly identified among them. The adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for the highest vs lowest quartile of total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fat (MUFA), and polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) were 1.33 (1.01-1.75), 1.50 (1.13-1.97), 1.26 (0.96-1.65), and 1.41 (1.07-1.86), and the corresponding P-trend values were .008, .005, .034, and .005, respectively. In the secondary analysis among participants tested for hepatitis B virus, we found that higher intakes of saturated fat and PUFA were also associated with increased liver cancer risks. Besides, high risks of per standard deviation alterations of the total fat, saturated fat and MUFA were detected in liver cancer, and these results were similar to those concluded from the full-cohort analysis. In conclusion, dietary intakes of total fat, saturated fat, PUFA, and probably MUFA might increase liver cancer risks. Our study provides suggestive advice to public administration on dietary suggestions, and related measures taken from managing dietary fat intake might reduce liver cancer incidence.

11.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; : 108805, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587904

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a common complication accompanied by spinal cord injury (SCI) occurrence. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to play a crucial role in the progression of osteoporosis, but their regulating mechanism is unclear. The present study investigated miRNA-19b-3p level in SCI rats induced by modified Allen method, as well as the role of miRNA-19b-3p in osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). MiRNA-19b-3p expression and bone mineral density (BMD) of femurs were measured at day 21 and day 60 after SCI in rats. Obvious miRNA-19b-3p up-regulation and aggravated bone loss were observed. MiRNA-19b-3p overexpression suppressed BMSC-derived osteoblast differentiation, which was confirmed by the decrease in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, EBF2 expression, osteoprotegrin (OPG) to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) ratio and cell mineralization degree. Besides, MiRNA-19b-3p knockdown could reverse this phenomenon. Dual-luciferase reporter assays verified the targeting relationship between miRNA-19b-3p and EBF2. The in vivo experiments confirmed miRNA-19b-3p down-regulation could significantly attenuate osteoporosis after SCI, which was verified by the increase in BMD, collagen content, femur mineralization degree, EBF2 protein, and OPG-to-RANKL ratio. The results show that miRNA-19b-3p plays an important role in the osteoporosis process after SCI through regulating EBF2 expression.

12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459059

RESUMO

1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-ß-D-glucopyranose (ß-PGG) is a compound commonly available in vegetables and fruits. It exhibited potential inhibition of α-glucosidase and hypoglycemic effect in vivo. This study explored its dynamics properties inhibiting α-glucosidase by Lineweaver - Burk plots, spectral analysis, docking analysis, and molecular dynamics simulations. ß-PGG showed a mix-type inhibition when it was interacting with α-glucosidase. The fluorescence quenching indicated that the PGG-glucosidase complex formed in a spontaneous exothermic process and was driven by enthalpy. The synchronous fluorescence and ECD spectra indicate that ß-PGG induced and changed the enzyme conformation in the complex formation. Docking results revealed multiple hydrogen bonds between the phenols and the amino acid residues. Further dynamic simulations indicated that the residues Asp345, Phe153, Arg435, Glu300, Pro305, and Phe296 played a more critical role in the interactions between ß-PGG and α-glucosidase.

13.
Cell Commun Signal ; 19(1): 9, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of lactic acid (LA) on the progression of bone metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRC) and its regulatory effects on primary CD115 (+) osteoclast (OC) precursors. METHODS: The BrdU assay, Annexin-V/PI assay, TRAP staining and immunofluorescence were performed to explore the effect of LA on the proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation of OC precursors in vitro and in vivo. Flow cytometry was performed to sort primary osteoclast precursors and CD4(+) T cells and to analyze the change in the expression of target proteins in osteoclast precursors. A recruitment assay was used to test how LA and Cadhein-11 regulate the recruitment of OC precursors. RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to analyze the changes in the mRNA and protein expression of genes related to the PI3K-AKT pathway and profibrotic genes. Safranin O-fast green staining, H&E staining and TRAP staining were performed to analyze the severity of bone resorption and accumulation of osteoclasts. RESULTS: LA promoted the expression of CXCL10 and Cadherin-11 in CD115(+) precursors through the PI3K-AKT pathway. We found that CXCL10 and Cadherin-11 were regulated by the activation of CREB and mTOR, respectively. LA-induced overexpression of CXCL10 in CD115(+) precursors indirectly promoted the differentiation of osteoclast precursors through the recruitment of CD4(+) T cells, and the crosstalk between these two cells promoted bone resorption in bone metastasis from CRC. On the other hand, Cadherin-11 mediated the adhesion between osteoclast precursors and upregulated the production of specific collagens, especially Collagen 5, which facilitated fibrotic changes in the tumor microenvironment. Blockade of the PI3K-AKT pathway efficiently prevented the progression of bone metastasis caused by lactate. CONCLUSION: LA promoted metastatic niche formation in the tumor microenvironment through the PI3K-AKT pathway. Our study provides new insight into the role of LA in the progression of bone metastasis from CRC. Video Abstract.

14.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 74, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478579

RESUMO

Osteogenic differentiation and bone regeneration are complex processes involving multiple genes and multiple steps. In this review, we summarize the effects of the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) H19 on osteogenic differentiation.Osteogenic differentiation includes matrix secretion and calcium mineralization as hallmarks of osteoblast differentiation and the absorption of calcium and phosphorus as hallmarks of osteoclast differentiation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) form osteoprogenitor cells, pre-osteoblasts, mature osteoblasts, and osteocytes through induction and differentiation. lncRNAs regulate the expression of coding genes and play essential roles in osteogenic differentiation and bone regeneration. The lncRNA H19 is known to have vital roles in osteogenic induction.This review highlights the role of H19 as a novel target for osteogenic differentiation and the promotion of bone regeneration.

15.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The moromi fermentation of high-salt liquid-state fermentation (HLF) soy sauce is usually performed in high-brine solution (17-20%, w/w), which decreases the metabolic activity of aroma-producing yeast. To enhance the soy sauce flavors, increasing the salt tolerance of aroma-producing yeasts is very important for HLF soy sauce fermentation. RESULTS: In the present study, atmospheric and room-temperature plasma (ARTP) was first used to mutate the aroma-producing yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus, and the salt tolerant strains were obtained by selection of synthetic medium with a sodium chloride concentration of 18% (w/w). Furthermore, adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) was used to improve the salt tolerance of the mutant strains. The results obtained indicated that the combination use of ARTP and ALE markedly increased the NaCl tolerance of the yeast by increasing the cellular accumulation of K+ and removal of cytosolic Na+ , in addition to promoting the production of glycerin and strengthening the integrity of the cell membrane and cell wall. In soy sauce fermentation, the engineered strains improved the physicochemical parameters of HLF soy sauce compared to those produced by the wild-type strain, and the engineered strains also increased the alcohol, acid and aldehyde production, and enriched the types of esters in the soy sauce. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study indicated that the combination of ARTP mutagenesis and ALE significantly improved the salt tolerance of the aroma-producing yeast, and also enhanced the production of volatiles of HLF soy sauce. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

17.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyl-sanshools are mainly responsible for the numb taste and biological activities of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, but they show low water solubility, high volatility and easy degradation, which limit their application in the catering and food industries. Thus microcapsules of Z. bungeanum essential oil (ZBEO) were prepared to prevent numb-taste substance attenuation. RESULTS: The complex effects of hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HPCD) with other materials, such as konjac glucomannan octenyl succinate (KGOS), octenyl succinic anhydride-modified starch (OSAS), soy protein isolate (SPI) and gum arabic (GA), on the protection of the main numb-taste substance of ZBEO were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis indicated that ZBEO was successfully encapsulated in the complex wall materials. X-ray diffraction indicated that the loaded essential oil did not affect the crystalline form of the wall material. The stability of the numb-taste substance α-sanshool in the microcapsules prepared with the complex microcapsule wall materials was higher than that in single-wall microcapsules. Storage stability evaluation indicated that microcapsules prepared with a combination of HPCD and SPI showed the greatest effect in maintaining the stability of the main numb-taste substance α-sanshool in ZBEO at room temperature, low pH and in high-salt conditions. CONCLUSION: Complex wall materials of polysaccharide and protein could effectively protect the numb-taste substance degradation of Z. bungeanum during processing and storage. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

18.
Biosci Rep ; 41(2)2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both meta-analyses and systematic reviews were used to assess the relationship between purinergic receptor P2X ligand-gated ion channel 7 (P2RX7) rs3751143 polymorphism and the risk of cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data used in this research were collected from Google Scholar, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wan Fang Data databases. The final retrieval ended on 22 February 2019. The strength of correlation was assessed using odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Based on the heterogeneity test results, fixed-effect (Mantel-Haenszel) or random-effects (DerSimonian-Laird) models were selected to summarise the collective effects. RESULTS: Eight separate studies containing 1462 cancer cases and 3037 controls were enrolled. Overall, there was no significant association between P2RX7 rs3751143 polymorphism and the risk of cancer in the allelic, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, or recessive models. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis indicates that there is no significant association between P2RX7 rs3751143 polymorphism and the risk of cancer in the allelic, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, and recessive models.

19.
Nanotheranostics ; 5(1): 73-89, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33391976

RESUMO

Microfluidic chip is not a chip in the traditional sense. It is technologies that control fluids at the micro level. As a burgeoning biochip, microfluidic chips integrate multiple disciplines, including physiology, pathology, cell biology, biophysics, engineering mechanics, mechanical design, materials science, and so on. The application of microfluidic chip has shown tremendous promise in the field of cancer therapy in the past three decades. Various types of cell and tissue cultures, including 2D cell culture, 3D cell culture and tissue organoid culture could be performed on microfluidic chips. Patient-derived cancer cells and tissues can be cultured on microfluidic chips in a visible, controllable, and high-throughput manner, which greatly advances the process of personalized medicine. Moreover, the functionality of microfluidic chip is greatly expanding due to the customizable nature. In this review, we introduce its application in developing cancer preclinical models, detecting cancer biomarkers, screening anti-cancer drugs, exploring tumor heterogeneity and producing nano-drugs. We highlight the functions and recent development of microfluidic chip to provide references for advancing cancer diagnosis and treatment.

20.
Life Sci ; 269: 118987, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417958

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the therapeutic effect of miR-129-5p carried by exosomes from Human Synovial Mesenchymal Stem Cell (HS-MSC) on osteoarthritis(OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The levels of miR-129-5p and high mobility group protein -1 (HMGB1) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in the joint fluid of OA patients were respectively detected via real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IL-1ß was taken to act on chondrocytes for the establishment of OA model in vitro. Ultracentrifugation was conducted to isolate HS-MSC exosomes (HS-MSC-Exo) from the supernatant. Western blot and ELISA were carried out to measure the expression of iNOS, COX2, MMP13, Collagen 2, TLR4, NF-κB, Caspase3, Bcl-2, HMGB1 in chondrocytes. Flow cytometry was conducted to detect the apoptosis of chondrocytes. Besides, bioinformatics was employed to predict the targeted relationship between miR-129-5p and HMGB1, which was further verified via dual luciferase activity experiments. KEY FINDINGS: The results illustrated that miR-129-5p was decreased in OA patients and IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes, while HMGB1 was notably upregulated. HS-MSC-Exo rich in miR-129-5p remarkably declined the inflammatory response and apoptosis of chondrocytes, while HS-MSC-Exo deficient in miR-129-5p increased the IL-1ß-mediated inflammatory response and apoptosis of chondrocytes. In terms of mechanism, miR-129-5p targets the 3'UTR end of HMGB1 and inhibits IL-1ß-mediated upregulation of HMGB1. SIGNIFICANCE: In a word, this paper proved that miR-129-5p, existing in HS-MSC-Exo, can suppress the IL-1ß-mediated OA by inhibiting HMGB1 release.


Assuntos
Exossomos/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrócitos/patologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Articulações/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Líquido Sinovial/metabolismo
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