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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522220

RESUMO

Here, we describe the unexpected discovery of a Cu-catalyzed condensation polymerization reaction of propargylic electrophiles (CPPE) that transforms simple C3 building blocks into polydiynes of C6 repeating units. This reaction was achieved by a simple system composed of a copper acetylide initiator and an electron-rich phosphine ligand. Alkyne polymers (up to 33.8 kg/mol) were produced in good yields and exclusive regioselectivity with high functional group compatibility. Hydrogenation of the product afforded a new polyolefin-type backbone, while base-mediated isomerization led to a new type of dienyne-based electron-deficient conjugated polymer. Mechanistic studies revealed a new α-α selective Cu-catalyzed dimerization pathway of the C3 unit, followed by in situ organocopper-mediated chain-growth propagation. These insights not only provide an important understanding of the Cu-catalyzed CPPE of C3, C4, and C6 monomers in general but also lead to a significantly improved synthesis of polydiynes from simpler starting materials with handles for the incorporation of an α-end functional group.

2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 482, 2022 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35597928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femoral neck fractures are the worst consequence of osteoporosis (OP), and its early prevention and treatment have become a public health problem. This study aims to investigate the relationship of bone-related biomarkers, femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) and maximum load (Lmax), selecting the indicator which can reflect femoral neck bone loss and reduced bone strength. METHODS: A total of 108 patients were recruited from January 2017 to December 2019. Venous blood samples were collected from patients before total hip replacement, and femoral neck samples were collected during the surgery. Femoral neck BMD, femoral neck Lmax, bone-related markers (serum levels of bone turnover markers, protein expression of type I collagen (COL-I) and osteopontin (OPN) in femoral neck) were all measured and analyzed. RESULTS: The expression of COL-I in femoral neck were significantly decreased, whereas other markers were all significantly increased with the decreasing of femoral neck BMD and Lmax (P < 0.05). Among them, serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) levels and OPN expression of femoral neck were increased in osteopenia. In multiple linear regression analysis, CTX and OPN were both negatively correlated with femoral neck BMD and Lmax, and they were independent factors of femoral neck BMD and Lmax, whereas COL-I was independent factor affecting Lmax (P < 0.05). Besides, CTX was negatively correlated with COL-I (ß = -0.275, P = 0.012) and positively correlated with OPN (ß = 0.295, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with other indicators, serum CTX was more sensitive to differences in bone mass and bone strength of femoral neck, and could be considered as surrogate marker for OPN and COL-I.Early measurement of CTX could facilitate the diagnosis of osteopenia and provide a theoretical basis for delaying the occurrence of femoral neck OP and fragility fractures.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Osteoporose , Biomarcadores , Densidade Óssea , Remodelação Óssea , Colágeno , Colágeno Tipo I , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
3.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: G-protein-coupled ER (GPR30) plays an important role in cardioprotection. Recent studies have shown that the GPR30-specific agonist G-1 reduces the degree of myocardial fibrosis in rats with myocardial infarction, reduces the morbidity associated with atrial fibrillation, and inhibits the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts in animal experiments. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of myocardial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation remains unclear. In this study, we explored the mechanism underlying the effect of GPR30 on atrial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation in OVX mice. METHODS: We established an animal model of atrial fibrillation induced by Ang II (derived from OVX C57BL/6 female mice) and observed the role of G-1 in cardiac function by echocardiography, hemodynamics, morphology and fibrosis-related and apoptosis-related protein expression by Masson's trichrome, immunofluorescence, western blotting and TUNEL staining. RESULTS: Echocardiography and body surface ECG showed that G-1 combined with Ang II significantly reduced atrial fibrosis and atrial fibrillation compared to Ang II alone. The G-1 treatment group exhibited changes in the mRNA and protein expression of apoptosis-related genes. Moreover, G-1 treatment also altered the levels of inflammation-related proteins and mRNAs. In primary cultured cardiac fibroblasts (CFSs), proliferation was significantly increased in response to Ang II, and G-1 inhibited cell proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: GPR30 is a potential therapeutic target for alleviating atrial fibrosis in OVX mice by upregulating Smad7 expression to inhibit the TGF-ß/Smad pathway.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 849076, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35518930

RESUMO

Purpose: As an important public health problem, osteoporosis (OP) in China is also in an upward trend year by year. As a standard method for diagnosing OP, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) cannot analyze the pathological process but only see the results. It is difficult to evaluate the early diagnosis of OP. Our study was carried out through a serum metabolomic study of OP in Chinese postmenopausal women on untargeted gas chromatography (GC)/liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS) to find possible diagnostic markers. Materials and Methods: 50 Chinese postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and 50 age-matched women were selected as normal controls. We first used untargeted GC/LC-MS to analyze the serum of these participants and then combined it with a large number of multivariate statistical analyses to analyze the data. Finally, based on a multidimensional analysis of the metabolites, the most critical metabolites were considered to be biomarkers of OP in postmenopausal women. Further, biomarkers identified relevant metabolic pathways, followed by a map of metabolic pathways found in the database. Results: We found that there may be metabolic pathway disorders like glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and amino acid metabolism in postmenopausal women with OP. 18 differential metabolites are considered to be potential biomarkers of OP in postmenopausal women which are a major factor in metabolism and bone physiological function. Conclusion: These findings can be applied to clinical work through further validation studies. It also shows that metabonomic analysis has great potential in the application of early diagnosis and recurrence monitoring in postmenopausal OP women.


Assuntos
Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Humanos , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/diagnóstico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
5.
ACS Sens ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482449

RESUMO

Although great headway has been made in DNAzyme-based detection of Pb2+, its adaptability, sensitivity, and accessibility in complex media still need to be improved. For this, we introduce new ways to surmount these hurdles. First, a spherical nucleic acid (SNA) fluorescence probe (Au nanoparticles-DNAzyme probe) is utilized to specifically identify Pb2+ and its suitability for precise detection of Pb2+ in complex samples due to its excellent nuclease resistance. Second, the sensitivity of Pb2+ detection is greatly enhanced via the use of a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-Cas12a with target recognition accuracy to amplify the fluorescent signal upon the trans cleavage of the SNA (signal probe), and the limit of detection reaches as low as 86 fM. Third, we boost the fluorescence on photonic crystal chips with a bionic periodic arrangement by employing a straightforward detection device (smartphone and portable UV lamp) to achieve on-site detection of Pb2+ with the limit of detection as low as 24 pM. Based on the abovementioned efforts, the modified Pb2+ fluorescence sensor has the advantages of higher sensitivity, better specificity, accessibility, less sample consumption, and so forth. Moreover, it can be applied to accurately detect Pb2+ in complex biological or environmental samples, which is of great promise for widespread applications.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460488

RESUMO

Environmental sustainability issues have become an increasing concern for enterprises and organizations due to new tendencies in climate change. Green supply chain management (GSCM) practices are growing worldwide in this context. Based on socio-technical systems and institutional theory, the present study develops a conceptual model highlighting a mediating effect between two distinct categories of GSCM dimensions, i.e., technical practices and behavioral practices, along with the moderating effect of institutional pressure on organizational performance. Data were collected from 260 Pakistani manufacturers, and the structural equation modeling (SEM) approach was employed to analyze the hypotheses. The classification of technical and behavioral GSCM practices and findings of this research contributes to the literature on GSCM. Empirical results reveal that behavioral practices of GSCM (top management support, supplier, and customer involvement) mediate the relationship between technical GSCM practices (eco-design, green manufacturing, and reverse logistics) and organizational performance (economic, environmental, and social). The results also demonstrate that institutional pressure positively moderates the relationship between technical practices and organizational performance. These findings suggest that organizations in developing countries must focus on the behavioral dimensions of GSCM first for the successful implementation of technical dimensions of GSCM to gain effective environmental, economic, and social performance.

7.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 874827, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464721

RESUMO

Ginsenosides are the principal bioactive compounds of ginseng. Total ginsenosides (GS) contain a variety of saponin monomers, which have potent anti-photoaging activity and improve the skin barrier function. To enhance the efficiency of GS transdermal absorption, GS liposomes (GSLs) and GS niosomes (GSNs) were formulated as delivery vehicles. Based on the clarified and optimized formulation process, GSL and GSN were prepared. The structure, cumulative transmittance, skin retention, total transmittance, and bioactivity of GSLs and GSNs were characterized. GSL and GSN were shown to inhibit lipid peroxidation and increase the contents of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in human keratinocytes (HaCaTs). In addition, HaCAT cell migration, proliferation, and GS cellular uptake were significantly increased. The therapeutic effects of GSL and GSN were also evaluated in a rat model of photoaging. Histopathological changes were assessed in rat skin treated with GSL, GSN, or GS by hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and aldehyde fuchsine staining. Malondialdehyde (MDA), SOD, GSH-Px, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression levels were determined. Results indicated that the optimal formulation of GSL used soybean lecithin (SPC) as the phospholipid, with a lipid-drug ratio of 1:0.4 and a phospholipid-cholesterol ratio of 1:3.5. The optimal temperature for the preparation process of GSN by ethanol injection was 65°C, with a ratio of the organic phase to aqueous phase of 1:9. It was demonstrated that the cumulative release rate, skin retention rate, and total transmission rate of GSL-7 at 24 h were higher than those of GSN-4 and GS. GSL-7 significantly inhibited skin lipid peroxidation caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In addition, GSL-7 reduced the contents of MMPs and inflammatory cytokines in skin tissue. In conclusion, GSL-7 may reduce skin aging caused by UV radiation and contribute to skin tissue repair.

8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 848221, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419278

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the epigenetic enzyme-mediated transcription of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes is closely associated with the occurrence, progression, and prognosis of tumors. Based on the reversibility of epigenetic mechanisms, small-molecule compounds that target epigenetic regulation have become promising therapeutics. These compounds target epigenetic regulatory enzymes, including DNA methylases, histone modifiers (methylation and acetylation), enzymes that specifically recognize post-translational modifications, chromatin-remodeling enzymes, and post-transcriptional regulators. Few compounds have been used in clinical trials and exhibit certain therapeutic effects. Herein, we summarize the classification and therapeutic roles of compounds that target epigenetic regulatory enzymes in cancer treatment. Finally, we highlight how the natural compounds berberine and ginsenosides can target epigenetic regulatory enzymes to treat cancer.

9.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 215: 112491, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405535

RESUMO

Porous tantalum-based biomaterial is a novel tissue engineering material widely used in repairing bone defects due to its corrosion resistance, low elastic modulus, high friction coefficient, and excellent biocompatibility. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), a type of pluripotent stem cell, can travel from their original ecological niche to bone injury sites, where they differentiate into osteoblasts and osteocytes. Multiple factors regulate the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of BMSCs. In recent years, the regulatory effects of porous tantalum on BMSCs have been widely studied. Hence, in this study, we reviewed the characteristics of porous tantalum-based biomaterials and the mechanism of action of their regulatory effects on BMSCs. Further, we discuss the feasibility of seeding BMSCs in porous tantalum-based biomaterials for use in tissue repair.

10.
Adv Mater ; 34(17): e2109605, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233852

RESUMO

Engineering non-precious transition metal (TM)-based electrocatalysts to simultaneously achieve an optimal intrinsic activity, high density of active sites, and rapid mass transfer ability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) remains a significant challenge. To address this challenge, a hybrid composite consisting of Fex Co alloy nanoparticles uniformly implanted into hierarchically ordered macro-/meso-/microporous N-doped carbon polyhedra (HOMNCP) is rationally designed. The combined results of experimental and theoretical investigations indicate that the alloying of Co enables a favorable electronic structure for the formation of the *OH intermediate, while the periodically trimodal-porous structured carbon matrix structure not only provides highly accessible channels for active site utilization but also dramatically facilitates mass transfer in the catalytic process. As expected, the Fe0.5 Co@HOMNCP composite catalyst exhibits extraordinary ORR activity with a half-wave potential of 0.903 V (vs reversible hydrogen electrode), surpassing most Co-based catalysts reported to date. More remarkably, the use of the Fe0.5 Co@HOMNCP catalyst as the air electrode in a zinc-air battery results in superior open-circuit voltage and power density compared to a commercial Pt/C + IrO2 catalyst. The results of this study are expected to inspire the development of advanced TM-based catalysts for energy storage and conversion applications.

11.
Anal Chem ; 94(13): 5450-5459, 2022 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324151

RESUMO

In light of the worthy design flexibility and the good signal amplification capacity, the recently developed DNA motor (especially the DNA walker)-based fluorescent biosensors can offer an admirable choice for realizing bioimaging. However, this attractive biosensing strategy not only has the disadvantage of uncontrollable initiation but also usually demands the supplement of exogenous driving forces. To handle the above obstacles, some rewarding solutions are proposed here. First, on the surface of an 808 nm near-infrared light-excited low-heat upconversion nanoparticle, a special ultraviolet upconversion luminescence-initiated three-dimensional (3D) walking behavior is performed by embedding a photocleavage linker into the sensing elements, and such light-controlled target recognition can perfectly overcome the pre-triggering of the biosensor during the biological delivery to significantly boost the sensing precision. After that, a peculiar self-driven walking pattern is constructed by employing MnO2 nanosheets as an additional nanovector to physically absorb the sensing frame, for which the reduction of the widespread glutathione in the biological medium can bring about sufficient self-supplied Mn2+ to guarantee the walking efficiency. By selecting an underlying next-generation broad-spectrum cancer biomarker (survivin messenger RNA) as the model target, we obtain that the newly formed autonomous 3D DNA motor shows a commendable sensitivity (where the limit of detection is down to 0.51 pM) and even an outstanding specificity for distinguishing single-base mismatching. Beyond this sound assay performance, our sensing approach is capable of working as a powerful imaging platform for accurately operating in various living specimens such as cells and bodies, showing a favorable diagnostic ability for cancer care.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas , DNA/genética , Glutationa , Luminescência , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos
12.
Chemistry ; 28(24): e202200202, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35315952

RESUMO

Nickel oxide (NiOx ) is a promising hole transport material (HTM) for perovskite photovoltaics owing to its chemical stability and low cost. However, most NiOx based solar cells deliver relatively weak performance because of its insufficient electrical property and interfacial contact. In this work, a self-formed PbI2 /NiOx interface was developed to stabilize the Ni3+ centers, which was beneficial for electrical transport and band alignment in perovskite solar cells. Combined with ultraviolet ozone treatment (UVO) and sequential deposition, the density of Ni3+ centers was greatly increased and could be stabilized by the PbI2 interface. These merits contributed coordinately to the fast hole extraction and low energy loss across the PbI2 /NiOx interface, yielding power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of over 19 %.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(4): 880-888, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35285186

RESUMO

To clarify the content characteristics of mineral elements in different Artemisia argyi germplasm resources and their relationship with the quality properties of Artemisiae Argyi Folium, this study measured the content of 10 mineral elements including nitrogen(N), phosphorus(P), potassium(K), calcium(Ca), magnesium(Mg), aluminum(Al), manganese(Mn), iron(Fe), copper(Cu), and zinc(Zn) in 100 Artemisia argyi germplasm samples. Besides, their relationship with the quality properties of Artemisiae Argyi Folium was explored by correlation analysis, path analysis, and cluster analysis. The results demonstrated that the variation coefficient of the 10 mineral elements in Artemisiae Argyi Folium ranged from 12.23% to 64.38%, and the genetic diversity index from 0.97 to 3.09. The genetic diversities of N, P, and Zn were obvious. As revealed by the correlation analysis, N, P, and K showed strong positive correlations with each other. Except that Mg and Al were negatively correlated, Ca, Mg, Al, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn were positively correlated. The correlation analysis of mineral elements with the quality properties of Artemisiae Argyi Folium proved the significant correlations of 17 pairs of characters. According to the path analysis, P, K, Ca, and Mn greatly affected the yield of Artemisiae Argyi Folium, P, K, and Mg the output rate of moxa, N, P, and K the content of total volatile oil, P and K the content of eucalyptol, and P, K, and Ca the content of eupatilin. The 100 germplasm samples were clustered into three groups. Specifically, in cluster Ⅰ, the enrichment capacity of P, K, and Mg elements was strong, and the comprehensive properties of mineral elements were better, implying good development potential. Ca, Mn, Fe, and Zn elements in cluster Ⅱ and N and Al in cluster Ⅲ displayed strong enrichment capacities. This study has provided new ideas for resource evaluation and variety breeding of A. argyi and also reference for fertilizer application.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Artemisia/genética , Ferro , Minerais/análise , Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta/química
14.
ACS Cent Sci ; 8(2): 184-191, 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233451

RESUMO

Pore engineering plays a significant role in the applications of porous materials, especially in the area of separation and catalysis. Here, we demonstrated a metal-organic framework (MOF) solid solution (MOSS) strategy to homogeneously and controllably mix NU-1000 and NU-901 structures inside single MOF nanocrystals. The key for the homogeneous mixing and forming of MOSS was the bidentate modulator, which was designed to have a slightly longer distance between two carboxylate groups than the original tetratopic ligand. All of the MOSS nanocrystals showed a uniform pore size distribution with a well-tuned ratio of mesopores to micropores. Because of the appropriate pore ratio, MOSS nanocrystals can balance the thermodynamic interactions and kinetic diffusion of the substrates, thus showing exceedingly higher separation abilities and a unique elution sequence. Our work proposes a rational strategy to design mixed-porous MOFs with controlled pore ratios and provides a new direction to design homogeneously mixed MOFs with a high separation ability and unique separation selectivity.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35232349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD),the most common type of lung cancer associated with poor prognosis, has become a major health problem for human health. IGF2BPs are types of N6-methyladenosine reader proteins, comprising IGF2BP1, IGF2BP2, and IGF2BP3, that promote LUAD progression. However, the expression profiles and prognostic value of IGF2BPs in LUAD remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression profiles and prognostic significance of the IGF2BP family in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: In our study, we utilized LUAD patient and normal or para-carcinoma tissue data from TCGA database and the GTEx project. Using survival analysis, Kaplan-Meier curves, and Cox proportional hazards model, we analyzed the expression profiles and prognostic significance of the IGF2BP family. RESULTS: Patients with high expression levels of IGF2BPs showed significant association with poor overall survival (p < 0.05). Moreover, the somatic mutation rates of IGF2BP1, IGF2BP2, IGF2BP3 were determined as 2.65, 1.59, and 1.76%, respectively, by investigating the genetic mutation. In addition, there were significant associations between TMB and IGF2BP family expression profiles, which positively correlated with the expression of PD-1 (p < 0.05). Cox proportional hazard model for LUAD showed the risk score for IGF2BP1, p-TNM stage, and so forth, all independent prognostic indicators for LUAD patients. Finally, the co-expression genes were obtained to build a PPI network and analyze the hub genes of the IGF2BP family. CONCLUSION: Our study provides further insights into the role of the IGF2BP family in LUAD and identifies 10 genes that may be associated with IGF2BPs in LUAD patients.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(5): 1215-1221, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343147

RESUMO

In Hezhang county, Guizhou province, black spot tends to occur to Aconitum carmichaelii in the hot rainy summer, with the incidence up to 50%-70%, seriously impacting the yield and quality of the medicinal material. Thus, this study aims to clarify the pathogen and the occurrence characteristics. To be specific, the pathogen was isolated and identified according to Koch's postulates and the pathogenicity and biological characteristics were determined. In addition, the sensitivity of the pathogen to four microbial fungicides, four botanical fungicides, and five chemical fungicides was determined with the mycelium growth rate method for the purpose of screening out optimal fungicides. The pathogen was identified as Alternaria alternate, as evidenced by the similar colony morphology and microscopic characteristics and 99.55%-100% similarity in sequences of rDNA-ITS, LSU, 18S, and TEF of the two. The optimum growth conditions for A. alternata were 28 ℃, pH 8, and continuous darkness. Bacillus subtilis had strong inhibitory effect on the pathogen, and the inhibition rate was more than 90% when the concentration was 1 mg·L~(-1). In addition, difenoconazole and quinoline copper can also control the pathogen, with median effective concentration(EC_(50)) of 2.92 and 9.02 mg·L~(-1), respectively. This study lays a theoretical basis for the field control of black spot in A. carmichaelii.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Fungicidas Industriais , Alternaria , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Micélio
17.
Stem Cells Int ; 2022: 3611677, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35342431

RESUMO

Cancer stem cell (CSC) refers to cancer cells with stem cell properties, that is, they have the ability of "self-renewal" and "differentiation." Cancer stem cells exist in cancer cells and are the "culprit" of cancer recurrence and metastasis. It is difficult to be found because of its small amount, and it is difficult for anticancer drugs to produce effects on it. At present, the isolation and identification of cancer stem cells from many solid tumors are still quite difficult, mainly due to the lack of specific molecular markers of cancer stem cells. In this review, cancer stem cell surface markers and functional markers in urinary system were summarized. These markers can provide molecular targets for cancer therapy.

18.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(2)2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35203817

RESUMO

Adaptive exposure to sub-lethal concentrations of sanitizers was previously reported to offer cross-protection to bacteria against antibiotics. This study was undertaken to determine whether the pre-exposure of fecal coliforms to suboptimal concentrations of a chemical sanitizer, chlorine dioxide (ClO2), alters their susceptibility to certain antibiotics. Fecal coliforms isolated from fresh fruit packing facilities (n = 12) were adapted in ½ or » of the manufacturer-recommended concentration of ClO2. The susceptibility of the adapted and non-adapted cells to 13 different antibiotics was determined by observing the changes in their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs). The results showed that preadaptation to the suboptimal concentrations of ClO2, in general, either decreased or did not change the MICs of the antibiotics against selected fecal coliform isolates, with only two exceptions; preadaptation increased the MICs of kanamycin against two of the fecal coliform isolates, and of nalidixic acid against one of the fecal coliform isolates. The results suggest that the use of ClO2 has a relatively low risk of inducing the resistance of fecal coliforms to antibiotics.

19.
Stem Cell Res ; 60: 102701, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149457

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSC) theory has ushered in a new era of cancer research. Tumor recurrence, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance are all related to the existence of cancer stem cells. Further understanding of tumor heterogeneity will contribute to targeted treatment. Liver cancer and pancreatic cancer are common digestive gland tumors with high lethality. This article reviews the identification and isolation of CSC markers in hepatocellular carcinoma and pancreatic cancer. The markers related signal pathways are involved in the occurrence and development of tumors, and have a significant impact on the proliferation, metastasis and invasion of cancer cells, which can be used as potential molecular therapeutic targets. This study will be helpful to understand cancer stem cell like cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo
20.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 4597087, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35126623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the possibility of microRNA miR-31-3p as a biomarker for bone metastasis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its molecular mechanism to the invasion and metastasis of NSCLC cells. METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of miR-31-3p and forkhead box 1 (FOXO1) in NSCLC tissues, serum, and cells to analyze the correlation between the expression levels of miR-31-3p and the clinicopathology of NSCLC. After interference with or overexpressing miR-31-3p, NSCLC cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion ability, and migration ability were detected by MTT, flow cytometry, Transwell, and scratch experiment, respectively. The interaction between miR-31-3p and FOXO1 was further verified by the dual-luciferase reporter experiment. Western blot was performed to detect the protein expression of FOXO1 in tissues and FOXO1, RhoA, p-RhoA, ROCK-2, and p-ROCK-2 in cells. RESULTS: In tissues, serum, and NSCLC cell line A549 of the NSCLC patients, the expression of FOXO1 was notably lower, and the miR-31-3p expression was significantly higher. Overexpression of miR-31-3p could distinctly improve the proliferation, invasion, and migration of A549 cells, meanwhile inhibit cell apoptosis, and activate the RhoA/ROCK-2 signaling pathway, while interfering with the expression of miR-31-3p has the opposite function. Besides, bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay confirmed that FOXO1 was a target gene of miR-31-3p. Overexpressing FOXO1 could inhibit the proliferation and metastasis of A549 cells, but overexpressing miR-31-3p reverses the results. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that miR-31-3p promotes the proliferation, invasion, and migration of NSCLC cells and inhibits apoptosis through targeted regulating FOXO1 and be a potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células A549 , Adulto , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Adulto Jovem , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
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