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2.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1329-1337, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup of 55 patients. RESULTS: In total, 823 patients were enrolled (50.5% male) with a mean age of 60.9 ± 14.9 years. AKI occurred in 38 (40.9%) ICU cases but only 6 (0.8%) non-ICU cases. Using forward stepwise Cox regression analysis, we found eight independent risk factors for AKI including decreased platelet level, lower albumin level, lower phosphorus level, higher level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), urea, and prothrombin time (PT) on admission. For every 0.1 mmol/L decreases in serum phosphorus level, patients had a 1.34-fold (95% CI 1.14-1.58) increased risk of AKI. Patients with hypophosphatemia were likely to be older and with lower lymphocyte count, lower serum albumin level, lower uric acid, higher LDH, and higher CRP. Furthermore, serum phosphorus level was positively correlated with phosphate tubular maximum per volume of filtrate (TmP/GFR) (Pearson r = 0.66, p < .001) in subgroup analysis, indicating renal phosphate loss via proximal renal tubular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The AKI incidence was very low in non-ICU patients as compared to ICU patients. Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 infection.

3.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; : e2100277, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486161

RESUMO

Chemotherapy is the first choice for the majority of cancers, but severe side effects and drug resistance restrict the actual clinical efficacy. Carbazole alkaloids, mainly from the Rutaceae family, possess favorable donor ability, good planarity, rich photophysical properties, and excellent biocompatibility. Carbazole alkaloids could not only intercalate in DNA but could also inhibit telomerase and topoisomerase and regulate protein phosphorylation. Hence, carbazole alkaloids are useful in providing lead hits/candidates for the development of novel anticancer agents. This review summarizes the research progress made regarding the anticancer properties of carbazole alkaloids, covering articles published from January 2010 to June 2021.

4.
Mol Carcinog ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499772

RESUMO

Cancer multidrug resistance (MDR) is existence in stem cell-like cancer cells characterized by stemness including high-proliferation and self-renewal. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4), as a proapoptotic gene, whether it engaged in cancer stemness and cisplatin resistance is still unknown. Here we showed that PDCD4 expressions in Hela/DDP (cisplatin resistance) cells were lower than in parental Hela cells. Moreover, the levels of drug resistance genes and typical stemness markers were markedly elevated in Hela/DDP cells. In vivo, xenograft tumor assay confirmed that knockdown of PDCD4 accelerated the grafted tumor growth. In vitro, colony formation and MTT assay demonstrated that PDCD4 overexpression inhibited cells proliferation in conditions with or without cisplatin. By contrast, PDCD4 deficiency provoked cell proliferation and cisplatin resistance. On mechanism, PDCD4 decreased the protein levels of pAKT and pYB1, accompanied by reduced MDR1 expression. Correspondingly, luciferase reporter assay showed PDCD4 regulated MDR1 promoter activity entirely relied on YB1. Furthermore, Ch-IP, GST-pulldown, and Co-IP assays provided novel evidence that PDCD4 could directly bind with YB1 by the nucleolar localization signal (NOLS) segment, causing the reduced YB1 binding into the MDR1 promoter region through blocking YB1 nucleus translocation, triggering the decreased MDR1 transcription. Taken together, PDCD4-pAKT-pYB1 forms the integrated molecular network to regulate MDR1 transcription during the process of stemness-associated cisplatin resistance.

5.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505789

RESUMO

The photovoltaic performance of inorganic perovskite solar cells (PSCs) still lags behind the organic-inorganic hybrid PSCs due to limited light absorption of wide bandgap CsPbI3-xBrx under solar illumination. Constructing tandem devices with organic solar cells can effectively extend light absorption toward the long-wavelength region and reduce radiative photovoltage loss. Herein, we utilize wide-bandgap CsPbI2Br semiconductor and narrow-bandgap PM6:Y6-BO blend to fabricate perovskite/organic tandem solar cells with an efficiency of 21.1% and a very small tandem open-circuit voltage loss of 0.06 V. We demonstrate that the hole transport material of the interconnecting layers plays a critical role in determining efficiency, with polyTPD being superior to PBDB-T-Si and D18 due to its low parasitic absorption, sufficient hole mobility and quasi-Ohmic contact to suppress charge accumulation and voltage loss within the tandem device. These perovskite/organic tandem devices also display superior storage, thermal and ultraviolet stabilities.

6.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473467

RESUMO

Colloidal CdSe quantum dots (QDs) designed with a high degree of asymmetric internal strain have recently been shown to host a number of desirable optical properties including subthermal room-temperature line widths, suppressed spectral diffusion, and high photoluminescence (PL) quantum yields. It remains an open question, however, whether they are well-suited for applications requiring emission of identical single photons. Here we measure the low-temperature PL dynamics and the polarization-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectra from ensembles of these strained QDs. Our spectroscopy reveals the radiative recombination rates of bright and dark excitons, the relaxation rate between the two, and the energy spectra of the quantized acoustic phonons in the QDs that can contribute to relaxation processes. In comparison to conventional colloidal CdSe/ZnS core/shell QDs, we find that in asymmetrically strained CdSe QDs over six times more light is emitted directly by the bright exciton. These results are therefore encouraging for the prospects of chemically synthesized colloidal QDs as emitters of single indistinguishable photons.

7.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 6364-6376, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511023

RESUMO

Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a laryngeal malignancy with a high mortality rates, and its treatment remains difficult. Sevoflurane is a surgical anesthesia which has anti-tumor effect. This investigation assessed the effects of LSCC cells treatment with Sevoflurane in vitro and in vivo. Hep-2 and Tu177 cells, human LSCC samples and BALB/C nude mice were used for result assessments. Cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion were assessed via Cell Count Kit-8, wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay respectively. MiR-26a and FOXO1 expressions was examined by qRT-PCR. FOXO1, E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin activities were examined by Western blotting. Moreover, animal experiments were performed to verify our findings in vitro. Lastly, miR-26a and FOXO1 expression levels in clinical samples were analyzed. According to the results, Sevoflurane decreased LSCC cells' viability and even stimulated their apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, it could reduce the migration, invasion and EMT. Mechanistically, sevoflurane could downregulate miR-26a expression and that miR-26a could negatively modulate FOXO1 activity. Thus, sevoflurane could increase FOXO1 activity. In the clinical samples, miR-26a expression was significantly upregulated, but FOXO1 was remarkably down-regulated and miR-26a expression in LSCC was linked with better prognosis. In conclusion, MiR-26a is increased and FOXO1 is reduced in human LSCC, Sevoflurane inhibits proliferation and mediates apoptosis of LSCC cells. Further, MiR-26a binds FOXO1 directly, and FOXO1 expression is down-regulated by Sevoflurane. Finally, Sevoflurane triggers LSCC cells apoptosis in vivo. Sevoflurane use to target miR-26a/FOXO1 may be a novel alternative for LSCC therapy.

8.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the urethral mobility during urine leaking in stress urinary incontinence (SUI) by transperineal ultrasound (TPUS) with urethral mobility profile (UMP) analysis. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 380 women who had a cough stress test (CST) with TPUS. UMP software automatically placed six equidistant points from the bladder neck (Point 1) to the external urethral meatus (Point 6) and determined their x and y coordinates relative to the symphysis pubis. Urethral mobility vector of Points 1-6 (Vectors 1-6) and the distance between the six points and the symphysis (Dist. 1-6) were calculated and compared between the two groups. The visualized UMP was created by reproducing the positions of the six points at rest and on Valsalva. RESULTS: Valid data of 188 women with SUI and 174 continent women were analyzed. The mean age of all 362 women was 49.3 years. Mean body mass index in the SUI group was significantly increased (23.8 vs 22.2 kg/m2 , P < .001). During CST, Vectors 1-6 and Dist. 2-6 were significantly increased (all P < .005) in the SUI group. The UMP showed the mid-urethral rotated down around the symphysis pubis. The upper urethral profile in the two groups was similar. But the gap between the mid-urethra and the symphysis was wider in the SUI group. CONCLUSIONS: The visualized UMP illustrated the mid-urethral hypermobility in SUI by showing a wider gap due to the unstable connection between the mid-urethra and the symphysis pubis.

9.
J Med Chem ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515481

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein kinase-interacting kinases (MNKs) and provirus integration in maloney murine leukemia virus kinases (PIMs) are downstream enzymes of cell proliferation signaling pathways associated with the resistance of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. MNKs and PIMs have complementary effects to regulate cap-dependent translation of oncoproteins. Dual inhibitors of MNKs and PIMs have not been developed. We developed a novel 4,6-disubstituted pyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidine compound 21o with selective inhibition of MNKs and PIMs. The IC50's of 21o to inhibit MNK1 and MNK2 are 1 and 7 nM and those to inhibit PIM1, PIM2, and PIM3 are 43, 232, and 774 nM, respectively. 21o inhibits the growth of myeloid leukemia K562 and MOLM-13 cells with GI50's of 2.1 and 1.2 µM, respectively. 21o decreases the levels of p-eIF4E and p-4EBP1, the downstream products of MNKs and PIMs, as well as cap-dependent proteins c-myc, cyclin D1, and Mcl-1. 21o inhibits the growth of MOLM-13 cell xenografts without causing evident toxicity. 21o represents an innovative dual MNK/PIM inhibitor with a good pharmacokinetic profile.

10.
Neurol Ther ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515953

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Corticospinal tract injury caused by direct hematoma compression and secondary damage induced from blood toxic substances might influence the outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of hematoma evacuation via image-guided para-corticospinal tract approach based on the protection of compressed or residual corticospinal tract. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with ICH who underwent the image-guided para-corticospinal tract approach were retrospectively collected into the surgery group. Diffusion tensor imaging or computed tomography angiography was performed to identify the relationship between important white matter tracts and hematoma. The neuronavigation system for the preoperative imaging data loaded was used to identify the location of the burr hole, insertion trajectory, and depth of insertion. Cortical entry points and insertion trajectories were kept parallel to the corticospinal tract route into the hematoma based on the protection of compressed or residual corticospinal tract. Hematoma was removed under the image-guided para-corticospinal tract approach. Seventy-five age-, sex-, hematoma site-, and volume-matched patients with ICH who underwent conservative treatment were selected as controls. Demographical, clinical, radiological, and treatment-related data were retrospectively analyzed. Functional outcome was evaluated by modified Rankin scale on day 90. RESULTS: A total of 150 patients with ICH were retrospectively enrolled. The median Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score on admission was 11 (IQR 8-13). Deep hematoma (thalamus and basal ganglion) was present in 86.7% (130 patients). The mean hematoma volume on admission was 47 ± 19 mL, and the postoperative hematoma volume was 11 ± 10 mL. A higher proportion of favorable outcome was observed in the surgery group than in conservative treatment group (32.0% versus 17.4%; p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: Hematoma evacuation via image-guided para-corticospinal tract approach based on the protection of compressed or residual corticospinal tract seems to be safer in patients with ICH with a relatively higher functional independence.

11.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 142: 107940, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492448

RESUMO

High nitrogen nickel-free austenitic stainless steels (HNSs) have great potentials to be used in dentistry owing to its exceptional mechanical properties, high corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. In this study, HNSs with nitrogen of 0.88 wt% and 1.08 wt% displayed much lower maximum pit depths than 316L stainless steel (SS) after 21 d of immersion in abiotic artificial saliva (2.2 µm and 1.7 µm vs. 4.5 µm). Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) evaluations revealed that Streptococcus mutans biofilms led to much severer corrosion of 316L SS than HNSs. Corrosion current densities of HNSs were two orders of magnitude lower than that of 316L SS after incubation of 7 d (37.5 nA/cm2 and 29.9 nA/cm2 vs. 5.63 µA/cm2). The pitting potentials of HNSs were at least 550 mV higher than that of 316L SS in the presence of S. mutans, confirming the better MIC resistance of HNSs. Cytotoxicity assay confirmed that HNSs were not toxic to MC3T3-E1 cells and allowed better sessile cell growth on them than on 316L SS. It can be concluded that HNSs are more suitable dental materials than the conventional 316L SS.

12.
Immunol Invest ; : 1-15, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) can reduce the efficiency of peritoneal dialysis and eventually lead to ultrafiltration failure. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) is the start of PF. Macrophages are involved in the process. This study was to investigate the effect of macrophage polarization on EMT of PMCs. METHODS: Monocyte-macrophage cells (THP-1) were treated to induce macrophage subsets (M1, M2a, M2c). The inducing was assessed by detecting protein and mRNA expression of cytokines using ELISA and RT-PCR. Subsequently, PMCs were co-cultured with M1, M2a and M2c, respectively, in Transwell chambers for 48 h and then expressions of E-cadherin and α-SMA were determined in PMCs. The PMCs that were not co-cultured with macrophages served as control PMCs. One-way ANOVA and SNK-q test were used to conduct statistics and P < .05 as significant. RESULTS: Detection of the cytokines, including IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, TGF-ß1, CCL17 and CXCL13, verified that the inducting of macrophage subtypes was successful. Compared to control, E-cadherin protein expression was significantly decreased and α-SMA protein expression increased in M1-treated PMCs (P < .05); M2a-treated PMCs had an increased gene expression of α-SMA (P < .05); E-cadherin protein and gene expression were decreased and α-SMA protein and gene expression increased significantly in M2c-treated PMCs (P < .05 or P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: EMT of PMCs is enhanced by M2c macrophage polarization; meanwhile, M1 and M2a polarization may have the effect to some extent, but not as definite as M2c.

13.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524977

RESUMO

Objective To examine the association of incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk with sleep factors, genetic risk, and their combination effects. Design Large prospective population-based cohort study. Methods This population-based prospective cohort study included 360 403 (mean [SD] age: 56.6 [8.0] years) participants without T2D at baseline from the UK Biobank. Genetic risk was categorized as high (highest quintile), intermediate (quintiles 2 to 4), and low (lowest quintile) based on a polygenic risk score for T2D. Sleep scores, including long or short sleep duration, insomnia, snoring, late chronotype, and excessive daytime sleepiness, were categorized as an unfavourable, intermediate, or favourable sleep and circadian pattern. Results During a median follow-up of 9.0 years, 13 120 incident T2D cases were recorded. Among the participants with an unfavourable sleep and circadian pattern, 6.96% (95% CI, 6.68%-7.24%) developed T2D versus 2.37% (95% CI, 2.28%-2.46%) of participants with a favourable sleep and circadian pattern (adjusted HR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.45-1.62). Of participants with a high genetic risk, 5.53% (95% CI, 5.36%-5.69%) developed T2D versus 2.01% (95% CI, 1.91%-2.11%) of participants with a low genetic risk (adjusted HR: 2.89, 95% CI: 2.72-3.07). The association with sleep and circadian patterns was independent of genetic risk strata. Participants in the lowest quintile with an unfavourable sleep and circadian pattern were 3.97-fold more likely to develop T2D than those in the lowest quintile with a favourable sleep and circadian pattern. Conclusions Sleep and circadian patterns and genetic risk were independently associated with incident T2D. These results indicate the benefits of adhering to a healthy sleep and circadian pattern in entire populations, independent of genetic risk.

14.
Curr Neuropharmacol ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525934

RESUMO

Oxytocin (OXT) is a nine amino acid neuropeptide hormone that has become one of the most intensively studied molecules in the past few decades. The vast majority of OXT is synthesized in the periventricular nucleus and supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus, and a few are synthesized in some peripheral organs (such as the uterus, ovaries, adrenal glands, thymus, pancreas, etc.) OXT modulates a series of physiological processes, including lactation, parturition, as well as some social behaviors. In addition, more and more attention has recently been focused on the analgesic effects of oxytocin. It has been reported that OXT can relieve tension and pain without other adverse effects. However, the critical role and detailed mechanism of OXT in analgesia remain unclear. Here, this review aims to summarize the mechanism of OXT in analgesia and some ideas about the mechanism.

15.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-35, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526168

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation exerts pleiotropic effects in the etiology and progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Glucosamine is widely used in many countries and may have anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the association of regular glucosamine use with incident COPD risk and explore whether such association could be modified by smoking in the UK Biobank cohort, which recruited more than half a million participants aged 40-69 years from across the UK between 2006 and 2010. Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for potential confounding factors were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) as well as 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the risk of incident COPD. During a median follow-up of 8.96 years (interquartile range 8.29 to 9.53 years), 9016 new-onset events of COPD were documented. We found that regular use of glucosamine was associated with a significantly lower risk of incident COPD with multivariable adjusted HR of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.75 to 0.85; P<0.001). When subgroup analyses were performed by smoking status, the adjusted HRs for the association of regular glucosamine use with incident COPD were 0.84 (0.73 to 0.96), 0.84 (0.77 to 0.92), and 0.71 (0.62 to 0.80) among never smokers, former smokers and current smokers, respectively. No significant interaction was observed between glucosamine use and smoking status (P for interaction=0.078). Incident COPD could be reduced by 14% to 84% through a combination of regular glucosamine use and smoking cessation.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532739

RESUMO

An increase in cardiomyocyte apoptosis is the main contributor to the observed high morbidity of cardiac disease during aging. Mitochondria play important roles in cardiac apoptosis, and dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is the critical factor that participates in mitochondrial fission and induces mitophagy to maintain mitochondria quality. However, whether Drp1 is involved in the increase of apoptosis in aging heart remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Drp1 participates in inducing the apoptosis through regulating mitophagy in aging myocardium. To explore the effect of mitophagy and apoptosis in aging heart, we detected the expression of COX IV and the co-localization of COX IV and LC3 II, which reflect mitophagy, and measured adenosine triphosphate and reactive oxygen species contents, which reflect mitochondrial injury. Cell apoptosis was detected by measuring the activity of caspase-3 and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and further confirmed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The results showed an increase in apoptosis and a decrease in mitophagy in aging cardiomyocytes, and apoptosis was ameliorated after the induction of mitophagy by carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone (a mitophagy activator) in D-galactose (D-gal)-induced senescence H9c2 cells. To clarify the role of Drp1 in apoptosis, we knocked down Drp1 by transfecting si-Drp1, or overexpressed Drp1 in senescent cells, and then detected mitophagy, mitochondrial injury, and apoptosis. The data showed that downregulated Drp1 induces mitochondrial damage and apoptosis. In addition, to explore the regulatory relationship between Drp1 and phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1)/Parkin-mediated mitophagy, we detected the expressions of PINK1 and Parkin after the overexpression of Drp1 in the D-gal group cells and found that Drp1-mediated mitophagy inhibited the PINK1/Parkin pathway in senescent cells. Our results demonstrated that insufficient Drp1 induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis by inhibiting mitophagy, and Drp1 affects the PINK1/Parkin pathway of mitophagy in the aging heart.

17.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 9267-9275, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488412

RESUMO

In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have become a standard treatment for patients with advanced lung cancers. With the widespread use of immunotherapy in clinical practice, immune-related adverse events (irAEs) have become increasingly common. This case report details a 72-year-old man with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) who developed pneumonitis, appendicitis, and biliary obstruction during treatment with toripalimab. The patient was initially diagnosed with limited-stage SCLC in January 2019 and completed 5 sequential cycles of etoposide/cisplatin (EP) and radiotherapy (60 Gy/30 F). The overall response was complete response (CR) after first line treatment. He developed radiation pneumonitis after completion of radiotherapy, which responded well to symptomatic treatment. Due to newly diagnosed bone metastasis, he was administered toripalimab intravenously every 3 weeks and 12 mg anlotinib orally once a day from January 2020. By the third cycle, the patient presented with electrocardiographic abnormalities, gingival swelling and pain, and hoarseness, and consequently, the anlotinib was suspended. After 4 cycles, he developed suppurative appendicitis, which was managed successfully with anti-inflammatory agents. He then presented with shortness of breath on exertion and after a comprehensive examination, he was diagnosed with ICI-related-pneumonitis. After 6 weeks of treatment with methylprednisolone, the shortness of breath was mostly relieved and treatment continued. In June 2020, the patient developed severe vomiting. Computed tomography (CT) indicated biliary obstruction, and at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) there was edema of the major papilla of the duodenum. The patient's symptoms were relieved after treatment with gastric acid suppression and antiemetics. Re-examination by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that the biliary obstruction had been resolved. Although the disease progressed after immunotherapy, no tumor tissue related to the biliary obstruction was detected, and this was therefore classified as an irAE.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Colestase , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonia , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico
18.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498435

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to identify echocardiographic determinants of left ventricular thrombus (LVT) formation after acute anterior myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: This case-control study comprised 55 acute anterior MI patients with LVT as cases and 55 acute anterior MI patients without LVT as controls, who were selected from a cohort of consecutive patients with ischemic heart failure in our hospital. The cases and controls were matched for age, sex, and left ventricular ejection fraction. LVT was detected by routine/contrast echocardiography or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during the first 3 months following MI. Formation of apical aneurysm after MI was independently associated with LVT formation [72.0% vs. 43.5%, odds ratio (OR) = 5.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.65-15.48, P = 0.005]. Echocardiographic risk factors associated with LVT formation included reduced mitral annular plane systolic excursion (<7 mm, OR = 4.69, 95% CI 1.84-11.95, P = 0.001), moderate-severe diastolic dysfunction (OR = 2.71, 95% CI 1.11-6.57, P = 0.028), and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction [reduced tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion < 17 mm (OR = 5.48, 95% CI 2.12-14.13, P < 0.001), reduced RV fractional area change < 0.35 (OR = 3.32, 95% CI 1.20-9.18, P = 0.021), and enlarged RV mid diameter (per 5 mm increase OR = 1.62, 95% CI 1.12-2.34, P = 0.010)]. Reduced tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (<17 mm) significantly associated with increased risk of LVT in anterior MI patients (OR = 3.84, 95% CI 1.37-10.75, P = 0.010), especially in those patients without apical aneurysm (OR = 5.12, 95% CI 1.45-18.08, P = 0.011), independent of body mass index, hypertension, anaemia, mitral annular plane systolic excursion, and moderate-severe diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Right ventricular dysfunction as determined by reduced TAPSE or RV fractional area change is independently associated with LVT formation in acute anterior MI patients, especially in the setting of MI patients without the formation of an apical aneurysm. This study suggests that besides assessment of left ventricular abnormalities, assessment of concomitant RV dysfunction is of importance on risk stratification of LVT formation in patients with acute anterior MI.

19.
Aging Cell ; : e13461, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499402

RESUMO

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) are potent candidates for the suppression of acute rejection post-renal allograft and have been reported to halt dendritic cells (DCs) maturation. However, whether BMSC-derived sEVs mitigate acute rejection post-renal allograft by targeting DCs is still unclear. In this study, donor BMSC-derived sEVs (sEVs) relieved the inflammatory response and suppressed mature DCs (mDCs) location in kidney grafts, and increased regulatory T (Treg) cell population in the spleens of the rats that underwent kidney allograft. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated immature DCs (imDCs), sEVs suppressed the maturation and migration of DCs and inactivated toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling. Compared with LPS-treated imDCs, imDCs treated with LPS+sEVs promoted CD4+ T cells differentiated toward Treg cells. Subsequently, we found that Loc108349490, a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) abundant in sEVs, mediated the inhibitory effect of sEVs on DC maturation and migration by promoting TLR4 ubiquitination. In rats that underwent an allograft, Loc108349490 deficiency weakened the therapeutic effect of sEVs on acute rejection. The present study firstly found that sEVs alleviated acute rejection post-renal allograft by transferring lncRNA to DCs and screened out the functional lncRNA loaded in sEVs was Loc108349490.

20.
Poult Sci ; 100(10): 101404, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478911

RESUMO

Duck tembusu virus (DTMUV) was firstly identified in 2010 in China; since then, it has caused enormous economic loss to breeding industry. Great efforts have been made to develop drugs and vaccines against DTMUV. However, current available vaccines or anti-DTMUV drugs are consistently inefficient. Hence, various more broadly effective drugs have become important for the treatment of DTMUV infection; among these, lycorine, one of the important sources of active alkaloids, is a promising example. Nevertheless, it is not known whether lycorine has any antiviral activities against DTMUV. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the anti-DTMUV abilities of lycorine. The cytotoxicity of lycorine was evaluated on BHK-21 cells by CCK-8 assay, and its antiviral effect against DTMUV was examined by real-time PCR assays, virus titer determination, Western blot and immunofluorescence (IFA) assays, respectively. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms of the anti-DTMUV effects of lycorine were also investigated. The results indicated that the highest nontoxicity concentration of lycorine on BHK-21 cells was 5 µM. Lycorine possessed the antiviral ability against DTMUV on BHK-21 cells, as demonstrated by the reduction of virus titers and copy numbers in vitro. Western blot and IFA analysis showed the inhibitory effect of lycorine on DTMUV envelope (E) protein expression. Moreover, using time-of-addition assays, we found that lycorine displays its antivirus and virucidal activities through blocking viral internalization and entry in vitro. Taken together, our findings firstly demonstrate the antiviral activities of lycorine against DTMUV, suggesting that lycorine can be a potential drug for the treatment of DTMUV infection.

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