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1.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 5142381, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062192

RESUMO

Background: It is well-known that dysfunctions of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) act an essential part in vascular complications of diabetes. Studies have shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in regulating cell functions. However, their influence on the proliferation, calcification, and autophagy of VSMCs remains to be further explored. Therefore, this study elucidates the role and mechanism of hsa_circRNA_0008028 in high glucose- (HG-, 30 mM) treated VSMCs in vitro. Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was chosen to detect the levels of hsa_circRNA_0008028, miR-182-5p, and tribble 3 (TRIB3). Then, dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays were used to predict and verify the binding relationship between miR-182-5p and hsa_circRNA_0008028 or TRIB3. Cell counting kit-8 assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining, corresponding commercial kits, and western blotting were used to measure indexes reflecting cell viability, proliferation, calcification, and autophagy of VSMCs, respectively. Results: In HG-induced VSMCs, hsa_circRNA_0008028 and TRIB3 were highly expressed, whereas miR-182-5p decreased. Meanwhile, cell proliferation, calcification, and autophagy could be repressed by silencing of hsa_circRNA_0008028. However, these effects can be eliminated by miR-182-5p inhibition. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that hsa_circRNA_0008028 could promote the expression of TRIB3, a target of miR-182-5p, by directly sponging miR-182-5p. The expression of TRIB3 was suppressed by hsa_circRNA_0008028 knockout, which was rescued by miR-182-5p inhibition. Conclusion: This study reveals that hsa_circRNA_0008028 can act as a sponge of miR-182-5p and promote HG-induced proliferation, calcification, and autophagy of VSMCs partly by regulating TRIB3.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , MicroRNAs , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , RNA Circular , Proteínas Repressoras , Autofagia/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Glucose/farmacologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4190-4201, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046910

RESUMO

The chemical components in rats after oral administration of the water extract of Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. Fubaiju(CMF) were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique. Forty-four compounds were identified from the water extract of CMF and 11 components were identified from the rat serum. A total of 264 potential anti-inflammatory targets were identified by network pharmacology based on serum components. The "component-target" network and protein-protein interaction(PPI) network were constructed, and GO function enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were performed. The molecular docking was carried out to validate the results of network pharmacology. The results showed that CMF might act on AKT1, TNF, TP53, IL6, INS, and other core targets through apigenin, luteolin, acacetin, diosmetin, 3,4-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, and other active components, and exert anti-inflammatory effects by regulating PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, and other pathways. The pharmacodynamic materials basis of CMF was identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technology, and the core anti-inflammatory targets and the underlying mechanism of action were analyzed by network pharmacology and molecular docking, which provided a reference for comprehensively clarifying the pharmacodynamic materials basis and quality control of CMF.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Água
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 936925, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052134

RESUMO

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a global pandemic in March 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO). As of July 2, 2022, COVID-19 has caused more than 545 million infections and 6.3 million deaths worldwide, posing a significant threat to human health. Currently, there is still a lack of effective prevention and control strategies for the variation and transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has a unique theoretical system, has treated various conditions for thousands of years. Importantly, recent studies have revealed that TCM contributed significantly to COVID-19. SanHanHuaShi (SHHS) granules, a Chinese herbal medicine, which has been included in Protocol for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (6th to 9th editions) issued by the National Health Commission of China and used to prevent and treat COVID-19 disease. A previous retrospective cohort study showed that SHHS could significantly reduce the severity of mild and moderate COVID-19. However, there is an absence of high-quality randomized controlled clinical studies to confirm the clinical effectiveness of SHHS. Therefore, a clinical study protocol and a statistical analysis plan were designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of SHHS for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. This study will increase the integrity and data transparency of the clinical research process, which is of great significance for improving the practical application of SHHS granules in the future. Methods and analysis: The study was designed as a 7-day, randomized, parallel controlled, open-label, noninferiority clinical trial of positive drugs. A total of 240 patients with mild and moderate COVID-19 will be enrolled and randomly assigned to receive SanHanHuaShi granules or LianHuaQingWen granules treatment in a 1:1 ratio. Disease classification, vital signs, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing, symptoms, medications, adverse events, and safety evaluations will be recorded at each visit. The primary outcome will be the clinical symptom recovery rate. Secondary outcomes will include the recovery time of clinical symptoms, negative conversion time of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test negative conversion rate, hospitalization time, antipyretic time, rate of conversion to severe patients, and time and rate of single symptom recovery. Adverse incidents and safety assessments will be documented. All data will be analyzed using a predetermined statistical analysis plan, including our method for imputation of missing data, primary and secondary outcome analyses, and safety outcomes. Discussion: The results of this study will provide robust evidence to confirm the effectiveness and safety of SHHS in the treatment of COVID-19. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn. Trial number: ChiCTR2200058080. Registered on 29 March 2022.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review of our hospital's experiences in transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) and challenges we encountered in performance of the procedure, so as to provide help to medical institutions who are preparing to carry out vNOTES. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of all patients receiving vNOTES in our hospital from April 2018 to May 2021. Data we collected cover the general characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and complications of the patients. RESULTS: A total of 1147 patients underwent vNOTES in the past 3 years at our hospital. The total numbers of adnexal surgery, myomectomy, hysterectomy, pelvic floor reconstruction surgery, and malignant tumor surgery performed via vNOTES were 902, 98, 82, 51, and 14, respectively. Eighteen patients were converted to transabdominal laparoscopic surgery. A total of 38 patients had complications according to Clavien-Dindo classification, and the total complication rate was 3.31%. Among these cases of complications, 27 were Grade I, 4 were Grade II, and 7 were Grade III. No complications of Grade IV or V were reported. CONCLUSION: The application of vNOTES is safe and feasible for most gynecological surgeries. Moreover, hospitals with traditional laparoscopic equipment are advised to try this technique as there is no need to purchase additional expensive equipment. However, since vNOTES represents a novel approach, the long-term complications and efficacy associated with this technique are pending to be verified through large-scale prospective multicenter randomized controlled studies.

5.
Obes Surg ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053447

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are at high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) has been proven effective in improving postoperative gastrointestinal function in patients with obesity, but its effect on prevention of PONV remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the impact of GDFT on PONV in high-risk patients with LSG. METHODS: In a randomized, single-blinded, two-arm trial, patients with an Apfel score ≥ 3 and scheduled for LSG were included. Patients in the GDFT group received stroke volume-guided fluid therapy. Patients in the control group received conventional fluid therapy. The primary outcome was the incidence of PONV within 48 h after LSG. The second outcome included intensity of PONV, use of rescue therapy, recovery of gastrointestinal function, and postoperative length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: A total of 137 patients were analyzed. The incidence of PONV in the GDFT group was lower than that in the control group (47.1% vs. 71.6%; odds ratio [95%CI], 0.35 [0.17-0.72]; P = 0.004). Fewer patients in the GDFT group received rescue therapy (30% vs. 58.2%; P = 0.001). Patients following GDFT protocol had a faster return of flatus (27.5 (19, 31) vs. 31 (20, 48) hours, P = 0.037) and shorter postoperative LOS (6.1 ± 1.0 vs. 6.6 ± 1.1 days; P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: GDFT is conducive to deceasing PONV occurrence, restoring intestinal function, and shortening postoperative LOS in high-risk patients undergoing LSG.

6.
Autoimmunity ; : 1-8, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046946

RESUMO

Studies have reported that megakaryocytic leukemia 1 (MKL1) is closely related to the pathological process of a variety of inflammatory diseases, but its role in osteoarthritis (OA) needs to be clarified. This study aimed to investigate the regulatory role of MKL1 in oxidative stress-induced chondrocyte apoptosis and cartilage matrix degeneration. The expressions of target mRNAs and proteins were measured by using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. ELISA assay was used to measure the levels of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in chondrocytes. And commercial kits based on different spectrophotometry or colorimetry methods were performed to validate oxidative stress. CCK-8 and apoptosis kits were used to determine cell viability and apoptosis. Rat OA model was established by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT), and the expression of MKL1 was interfered by injecting sh-MKL1 lentiviral vector into caudal vein. The results showed that the expression of MKL1was induced by H2O2 in chondrocytes. Knockdown of MKL1 alleviated H2O2-induced inflammation and cell apoptosis, reduced H2O2-induced oxidative stress, and improved cartilage matrix degeneration of chondrocytes. Besides, inhibition of MKL1 regulated the activation of TWIST1-mediated PI3K/AKT signaling. Further studies have found that TWIST1-mediated PI3K/AKT signaling was involved in the regulation mechanism of MKL1 on chondrocyte apoptosis and cartilage matrix degeneration. Next, intervention with MKL1 inhibited the progression of OA in rats. These results demonstrated that MKL1 regulate the apoptosis and cartilage matrix degeneration of chondrocytes via TWIST1-mediated PI3K/AKT signaling.

7.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 842-847, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082715

RESUMO

Objective Mice were immunized with purified virus inhibitory protein endoplasmic reticulum associated interferon inducible (viperin) to prepare polyclonal antibody and identify specificity. Methods BALB/c mice were injected with duck tembusu virus to generate viperin in mouse brain by intracranial injection. Viperin gene, cloned from mouse brain tissue by reverse transcription PCR, was inserted into pGEX-6p-1 prokaryotic expression vector and transformed into E. coli Rosetta. The recombinant viperin protein was induced by isopropyl thiogalactoside (IPTG) and its solubility was analyzed. The protein was purified by potassium chloride (KCl) staining and gel cutting method. Polyclonal antibody was prepared by immunizing mice with purified recombinant viperin protein subcutaneously through abdomen, and the titer of polyclonal antibody was determined by indirect ELISA. Western blot analysis and indirect fluorescence assay (IFA) were used to detect the transient expression of viperin protein in BHK-21 cells to identify the specificity and sensitivity of the prepared polyclonal antibody against viperin protein. Results The mouse viperin gene was successfully cloned and the viperin protein was expressed. The titer of the prepared anti-viperin polyclonal antibody reached 1:25 600. The mouse anti-viperin polyclonal antibody could specifically recognize the transient expression of viperin protein in BHK-21 cells. Conclusion Mouse polyclonal antibody against viperin protein with high specificity and sensitivity was successfully prepared.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Proteína Viperina , Animais , Anticorpos , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Western Blotting , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Interferons , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
8.
Poult Sci ; 101(10): 102061, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055018

RESUMO

The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of dietary tributyrin (TB) intervention on carcass traits, visceral and immune organ indices, and blood biomarker profiles in Arbor Acres (AA) broilers under the isocaloric diets administration. A total of 432-day-old healthy AA broiler chickens were assigned to 4 treatments, with 12 replicates per treatment and 9 birds per cage, for 42 d. The dietary treatments were a basal diet (control) and the basal diet supplemented with a TB product (Eucalorie) at doses of 0.50 g/kg (TB1), 1.0 g/kg (TB2), and 2.0 g/kg (TB3). The results showed that dietary TB treatment quadratically improved the average daily gain and average daily feed intake in the second (22-42 d) and overall (0-42 d) feeding periods (P < 0.05) while decreasing the feed conversion ratio in the second feeding period (P < 0.05). Dietary TB treatment improved the carcass traits, as evidenced by a higher eviscerated carcass rate and lower abdominal fat yield than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The breast meat yield rate was quadratically improved in response to dietary TB administration (P < 0.05). Dietary TB treatment improved the kidney, spleen, thymus, and bursa indices (P < 0.05) and reduced the lung indices compared with those in the control group (P < 0.05). In particular, the spleen and thymus indices were improved quadratically in response to dietary TB administration (P < 0.05). Dietary TB treatment improved the white and red blood cell counts, platelet count, hemoglobin and hematocrit at d 21, and platelet count at d 42 (P < 0.05), with those in the TB3 group being most affected. Dietary TB administration quadratically decreased the plasma content of uric acid at both d 21 and d 42 as well as that of creatine kinase at d 42 (P < 0.05), while it quadratically increased the plasma albumin/globulin ratio at both d 21 and d 42 (P < 0.05). Collectively, these results demonstrated that dietary TB intervention improved the growth performance, carcass traits, selected visceral and immune organ indices, and some blood biochemical markers under the isocaloric diets administration, which may facilitate better economic profit returns in poultry industry application.

9.
ACS Omega ; 7(36): 31945-31953, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119995

RESUMO

In this work, the magnetic Ti3C2 MXene functionalized with ß-cyclodextrin was prepared and characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectra, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and thermogravimetric analysis. The synthesized nanomaterial was used as an adsorbent to adsorb doxorubicin from aqueous solutions, and the experimental parameters that affected the adsorption efficiency were investigated. In addition, the adsorption characteristics including adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherm, and thermodynamics were researched comprehensively. The adsorption kinetics of doxorubicin followed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model, which indicated that adsorption was the rate-limiting step, and the maximum adsorption capacity was 7.35 µg mg-1 by shaking for 60 min at pH 7.0. The adsorption isotherm was well described using the Freundlich model, which implied that multilayer adsorption took place over the prepared nanomaterial for doxorubicin adsorption. The negative values of Gibbs free energy change (ΔG 0 < 0) demonstrated that doxorubicin adsorption was a spontaneous process. The positive values of entropy change (ΔS 0 > 0) implied that doxorubicin adsorption was an increasing random process. Enthalpy change values were positive (ΔH 0 > 0) and indicated that the adsorption of doxorubicin was endothermic. The adsorption percentage of doxorubicin remained in the range of 41.05-44.09%, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) based on the adsorption percentage through five replicate adsorption and desorption processes was 2.8%. These results indicated that the magnetic Ti3C2 MXene nanomaterials can be an effective adsorbent to adsorb DOX from aqueous solutions.

10.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 5901718, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120145

RESUMO

The ecological problems faced by China's environmental protection are becoming more and more serious. Serious haze occurs frequently in some areas. Water pollution, soil pollution, and other new types of pollution are still relatively prominent problems. Therefore, rural architectural planning and landscape optimization design should be based on the premise of ecological environmental protection. This paper puts forward the evaluation of rural architectural planning and landscape in the context of ecological environment protection and uses the analytic hierarchy process to analyze and obtain the evaluation results. This method has a comprehensive and scientific powerful evaluation function. The experimental results of this paper show that after the evaluation of the analytic hierarchy process, it is found that the comprehensive score of the architectural planning and landscape of village A is not very high. The highest weight is 0.3210, the landscape diversity score of street A is 1.28, and the landscape diversity score of street D is 1.76. This is the highest score, indicating that the architectural planning and landscape of the village cannot meet the needs of contemporary ecological environmental protection. Aiming at the problems existing in the landscape, the corresponding measures are also given at the end of the experiment, which has certain significance for the landscape optimization design.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081031

RESUMO

A brain-computer interface (BCI) translates a user's thoughts such as motor imagery (MI) into the control of external devices. However, some people, who are defined as BCI illiteracy, cannot control BCI effectively. The main characteristics of BCI illiterate subjects are low classification rates and poor repeatability. To address the problem of MI-BCI illiteracy, we propose a distribution adaptation method based on multi-kernel learning to make the distribution of features between the source domain and target domain become even closer to each other, while the divisibility of categories is maximized. Inspired by the kernel trick, we adopted a multiple-kernel-based extreme learning machine to train the labeled source-domain data to find a new high-dimensional subspace that maximizes data divisibility, and then use multiple-kernel-based maximum mean discrepancy to conduct distribution adaptation to eliminate the difference in feature distribution between domains in the new subspace. In light of the high dimension of features of MI-BCI illiteracy, random forest, which can effectively handle high-dimensional features without additional cross-validation, was employed as a classifier. The proposed method was validated on an open dataset. The experimental results show that that the method we proposed suits MI-BCI illiteracy and can reduce the inter-domain differences, resulting in a reduction in the performance degradation of both cross-subjects and cross-sessions.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Algoritmos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Humanos , Imagens, Psicoterapia , Aprendizagem , Alfabetização
12.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 32(9): 1122-1126, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the advantages of the laparoscopic approach of tunica vaginalis in the treatment of palpable cryptorchidism. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised clinical comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Urology Surgery, Baoding Children's Hospital, Baoding, Hebei, China, from July 2019 to June 2020. METHODOLOGY: A total of 80 children admitted with palpable cryptorchidism were selected and randomly divided into two groups i.e. the experimental group and the control group, with 40 cases in each group. The experimental group were treated with a laparoscopic approach of tunica vaginalis, and the control group were treated with conventional open surgery. The perioperative indicators, proportion with testicular external fixation, surgical effect, testicular development (6 months postoperative), and incidence of complications were compared. RESULTS: The postoperative ambulation and discharge time of the experimental group were significantly shorter than the control group (p<0.001). The external fixation rate of the control group was higher than the experimental group (p=0.02). The effective rate of the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (p=0.03). The re-examination performed, 6 months postoperatively, showed that the testicular volume in the experimental group was significantly higher than in the control group (p=0.03). The incidence of the surgical complications in the experimental group was significantly lower than in the control group (p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic approach of tunica vaginalis is effective in the treatment of palpable cryptorchidism and more conducive to testicular development. It has the advantages of less injury, less complications, quick postoperative recovery, more adequate spermatic cord dissociation, and well-preserved testicular blood supply. KEY WORDS: Laparoscopic approach of tunica vaginalis, Palpable cryptorchidism, Treatment.


Assuntos
Criptorquidismo , Laparoscopia , Criança , Criptorquidismo/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Diferenciação Sexual
13.
Bioorg Chem ; 129: 106118, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067538

RESUMO

Triptolide (TP) is a major active compound derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii. TP has been reported to inhibit the infection of HIV and a few other viruses. However, the antiviral spectrum and the underlying mechanisms of TP are incompletely defined. TP derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for anti-influenza activity against the influenza A virus in this study. All of them exhibited activities against oseltamivir sensitive influenza A/WSN/33 virus (H1N1) and oseltamivir resistant influenza A/PR/8/33 virus (H1N1) with low cytotoxicity in vitro. In our present study, TP derivatives probably suppressed influenza virus replication through inhibiting ribonucleoprotein complex nucleus export of influenza A virus by binding with viral nucleoprotein. Moreover, TP derivatives downregulated influenza A virus-induced macrophage cytokine storm in a dose-dependent manner, through inhibiting nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cell (NF-κB) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome signaling. Taken together, TP derivatives suppressed influenza A virus replication by directly targeting NP and regulating innate immune responses induced by influenza A virus infection, which suggested that TP derivatives might be prospective candidates for potent antivirals.

14.
Front Physiol ; 13: 977431, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091398

RESUMO

The temperature of a living cell is a crucial parameter for cellular events, such as cell division, gene expressions, enzyme activities and metabolism. We previously developed a quantifiable mitochondrial thermometry 1.0 based on rhodamine B methyl ester (RhB-ME) and rhodamine 800 (Rh800), and the theory for mitochondrial thermogenesis. Given that the synthesized RhB-ME is not readily available, thus, a convenient mitochondrial thermometry 2.0 based on tetra-methyl rhodamine methyl ester (TMRM) and Rh800 for the thermogenic study of brown adipocyte was further evolved. The fluorescence of TMRM is more sensitive (∼1.4 times) to temperature than that of RhB-ME, then the TMRM-based mito-thermometry 2.0 was validated and used for the qualitatively dynamic profiles for mitochondrial thermogenic responses and mitochondrial membrane potential in living cells simultaneously. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that the heterogenous thermogenesis evoked by ß3 adrenoceptor agonist only used overall up to ∼46% of the thermogenic capacity evoked by CCCP stimulation. On the other hand, the results demonstrated that the maximum thermogenesis evoked by NE and oligomycin A used up to ∼79% of the thermogenic capacity, which suggested the maximum thermogenic capacity under physiological conditions by inhibiting the proton-ATPase function of the mitochondrial complex V, such as under the cold activation of sympathetic nerve and the co-release of sympathetic transmitters.

15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 3737137, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092159

RESUMO

Acute renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury often occurs during kidney transplantation and other kidney surgeries, and the molecular mechanism involves oxidative stress. We hypothesized that ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), a saponin derived from ginseng, would protect the renal tissue against acute renal I/R injury by upregulating 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase α1 (AMPKα1) expression and inhibiting oxidative stress. The models of acute anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) damage in normal rat kidney epithelial cell lines (NRK-52E) and acute renal I/R injury in mice were constructed. The results revealed that pretreatment with 25 µM Rg1 significantly increased NRK-52E viability, decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and apoptosis, suppressed reactive oxygen species generation and oxidative stress, stabilized mitochondrial membrane potential and reduced mitochondria permeability transition pore openness, decreased adenosine monophosphate/adenosine triphosphate ratio, and upregulated the expression of AMPKα1, cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 2, NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1 beta subcomplex subunit 8, and B-cell lymphoma 2, while downregulating BCL2-associated X protein expression. The effects of Rg1 pretreatment were similar to those of pAD/Flag-AMPKα1. After acute renal I/R injury, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, LDH activity, and oxidative stress in renal tissue significantly increased. Rg1 pretreatment upregulated AMPKα1 expression, which protects against acute renal I/R injury by maintaining renal function homeostasis, inhibiting oxidative stress, and reducing apoptosis. Compound C, a specific inhibitor of AMPK, reversed the effects of Rg1. In summary, Rg1 pretreatment upregulated AMPKα1 expression, inhibited oxidative stress, maintained mitochondrial function, improved energy metabolism, reduced apoptosis, and ultimately protected renal tissue against acute renal I/R injury.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Monofosfato de Adenosina , Animais , Ginsenosídeos , Isquemia , Rim/patologia , Rim/fisiologia , Camundongos , Ratos , Reperfusão , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129450

RESUMO

Strategies to enhance the ratio of the molecular horizontal emitting dipole orientation (Θ//) for thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters have unlocked the full potential of efficiencies for the evaporated devices, which, however, remain elusive for the solution-processed ones. Here, a strategic molecular design for solution processable TADF emitters featuring high Θ//s is proposed by attaching flexible chains ended with bipolar 9,9'-spirobi[fluorene] subunits as anchoring groups onto TADF emitting core. It's unveiled that the anchoring groups not only enhance the horizontal orientation via enlarging molecular planarity, but also benefit the high photoluminescence in pristine films. The corresponding non-doped solution processable OLEDs substantiate an unprecedented maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) > 30%. Meanwhile, combining these compounds as TADF sensitizers, and multiple resonance final emitter, solution-processed OLEDs achieve an EQEmax of 25.6% with a narrow full width at half maximum of 29 nm.

17.
Int J Oncol ; 61(5)2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111510

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary malignancy of the liver. The current systemic drugs used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma result in low overall survival time. It has therefore been suggested that new small­molecule drugs should be developed for treating hepatocellular carcinoma. Eupatorium lindleyanum DC. (EL) has been used to treat numerous diseases, particularly respiratory diseases; however, to the best of our knowledge, studies have not yet fully elucidated the effect of EL on hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, the effect of eupalinolide A (EA), one of the extracts of EL, was evaluated on tumor growth in a xenograft model of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and on the proliferation and migration of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. Cell cycle progression and the type of cell death were then evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit 8 assay, flow cytometry, electron microscopy and western blotting. EA significantly inhibited cell proliferation and migration by arresting the cell cycle at the G1 phase and inducing autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. EA­induced autophagy was mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ERK signaling activation. Specific inhibitors of ROS, autophagy and ERK inhibited EA­induced cell death and migration. In conclusion, the present study revealed that EA may inhibit the proliferation and migration of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, highlighting its potential as a promising antitumor compound for treating hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Autofagia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Lactonas , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos de Germacrano , Transdução de Sinais
18.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; : e0127622, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106871

RESUMO

Riemerella anatipestifer is an important bacterial pathogen in the global duck industry and causes heavy economic losses. In our previous study, we demonstrated that R. anatipestifer type IX secretion system components GldK and GldM, and the secretion protein metallophosphoesterase, acted as virulence factors. In this study, R. anatipestifer AS87_RS02955 was investigated for virulence and enzymatic activity properties. We constructed AS87_RS02955 mutation and complementation strains to assess bacterial virulence. In vivo bacterial loads showed a significantly reduced bacterial loads in the blood of ducks infected with mutant strain Yb2Δ02955, which was recovered in the blood of ducks infected with the complementation strain cYb2Δ02955, demonstrating that AS87_RS02955 was associated with virulence. Further studies showed AS87_RS02955 was a novel nonspecific endonuclease with no functionally conserved domain, but enzymatic activity toward DNA and RNA was indicated. DNase activity was activated by Zn2+, Cu2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Mn2+ ions but inhibited by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. RNase activity was independent of metal cations, but stimulated by Mg2+, Ca2+, and Mn2+. RAS87_RS02955 enzymatic activity was active across a broad pH and temperature range. Moreover, we identified four sites in rAS87_RS02955, F39, F92, I134, and F145, which were critical for enzymatic activity. In summary, we showed that R. anatipestifer AS87_RS02955 encoded a novel endonuclease with important roles in bacterial virulence. IMPORTANCE R. anatipestifer AS87_RS02955 was identified as a novel T9SS effector and displayed a nonspecific endonuclease activity in this study. The protein did not contain a conserved His-Asn-His motif structure, which is similar to the endonuclease from Prevotella sp. Its mutant strain Yb2Δ02955 demonstrated significantly attenuated virulence, suggesting AS87_RS02955 is an important virulence factor. Moreover, AS87_RS02955 displayed nonspecific endonuclease activity to cleave λ DNA and MS2 RNA, while four protein sites were critical for endonuclease activity. In conclusion, R. anatipestifer AS87_RS02955 plays important roles in bacterial virulence.

19.
Transl Oncol ; 25: 101504, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067544

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a common type of bone tumor, present worldwide, that has distal metastasis ability. Although continuous development in cancer therapy has taken place, there are still no effective metastasis-curbing strategies for OS available. Hence, a better understanding of the biological characteristics and molecular mechanisms of OS carcinogenesis is urgently needed. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have captured great interest among cancer scientists with considerable potential implications for cancer treatment. In this study, we found that lncRNA JPX was up-regulated in OS tissues and cells. We subsequently examined the functional role of JPX in OS cells through knocked-down JPX by using siRNA. JPX down-regulation was observed to suppress OS cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, it was verified that JPX acts as a sponge for miR-33a-5p, and that JPX regulated OS cell proliferation, migration and invasion through miR-33a-5p. Moreover, down-regulation of miR-33a-5p in OS contributed to PNMA1 upregulation, and PNMA1 depletion inhibited OS cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. Taken together, our data support an important role of JPX in regulating OS cell proliferation, invasion and migration that highlights JPX may be a potential therapeutic target for OS.

20.
Front Comput Neurosci ; 16: 981739, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105945

RESUMO

Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks are currently one of the most threatening network attack methods. Effectively detecting and intercepting XSS attacks is an important research topic in the network security field. This manuscript proposes a convolutional neural network based on a modified ResNet block and NiN model (MRBN-CNN) to address this problem. The main innovations of this model are to preprocess the URL according to the syntax and semantic characteristics of XSS attack script encoding, improve the ResNet residual module, extract features from three different angles, and replace the full connection layer in combination with the 1*1 convolution characteristics. Compared with the traditional machine learning and deep learning detection models, it is found that this model has better performance and convergence time. In addition, the proposed method has a detection rate compared to a baseline of approximately 75% of up to 99.23% accuracy, 99.94 precision, and a 98.53% recall value.

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