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1.
Plant Sci ; 292: 110386, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005391

RESUMO

The plasma membrane (PM)-localized receptor-like kinases (RLKs) play important roles in pathogen defense. One of the first cloned RLKs is the Arabidopsis receptor kinase FLAGELLIN SENSING 2 (FLS2), which specifically recognizes a conserved 22 amino acid N-terminal sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv.tomato DC3000 (Pst) flagellin protein (flg22). Although extensively studied in Arabidopsis, the functions of RLKs in crop plants remain largely uninvestigated. To understand the roles of RLKs in soybean (Glycine max), GmFLS2 was silenced via virus induced gene silencing (VIGS) mediated by Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV). No significant morphological differences were observed between GmFLS2-silenced plants and the vector control plants. However, silencing GmFLS2 significantly enhanced the susceptibility of the soybean plants to Pseudomonas syringae pv.glycinea (Psg). Kinase activity assay showed that silencing GmFLS2 significantly reduced the phosphorylation level of GmMPK6 in response to flg22 treatment. However, reduced phosphorylation level of both GmMPK3 and GmMPK6 in response to Psg infection was observed in GmFLS2-silenced plants, implying that defense response is likely transduced through activation of the downstream GmMAPK signaling pathway upon recognition of bacterial pathogen by GmFLS2. The core peptides of flg22 from Pst and Psg were highly conserved and only 4 amino acid differences were seen at their N-termini. Interestingly, it appeared that the Psg-flg22 was more effective in activating soybean MAPKs than activating Arabidopsis MAPKs, and conversely, Pst-flg22 was more effective in activating Arabidopsis MAPKs than activating soybean MAPKs, suggesting that the cognate recognition is more potent than heterologous recognition in activating downstream signaling. Taken together, our results suggest that the function of FLS2 is conserved in immunity against bacteria pathogens across different plant species.

2.
Food Res Int ; 129: 108816, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036900

RESUMO

Embryo-remaining oat rice (EROR), as a newly developed oat product, is popular in China for its good taste, but little is known about its healthy functions. In this study, the effects of EROR on lipid metabolism regulation were investigated in in vitro and in vivo models. The results showed that the oat ethanol extracts significantly alleviated lipid accumulation, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in HepG2 cells. EROR supplementation dramatically improved the lipid profile in the serum and liver and downregulated the expression levels of HMGCR, SREBP-1C and FAS, which are related to lipid metabolic disorder in high-fat diet (HFD) fed rats. A HFD decreases the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the cecum, which are related to intestinal microbiota dysbiosis. The intake of EROR significantly increased the total SCFAs, acetate and propionate and promoted the abundance of SCFA-producing bacteria. Furthermore, the intake of EROR led to abundant increases in Bifidobacterium and Akkermansia and decreases of Rombutsia, Fusicatenibacter, Holdemanella and Turicibacter, which were negatively and positively correlated with the lipid metabolism-related indices. These results provide evidence that EROR is a good functional food candidate to ameliorate lipid metabolic disorder and hyperlipidemia.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068341

RESUMO

There are increasing concerns related to the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin in the clinical setting. Recently, melatonin has been shown to exert a cardioprotective effect in various cardiovascular diseases, including cardiotoxic conditions. In this study, we examined the possible protective effects of melatonin on doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity and explored the underlying mechanisms related to this process. We found that in vitro doxorubicin treatment significantly decreased H9c2 cell viability and induced apoptosis as manifested by increased TUNEL-positive cells, down-regulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, as well as up-regulation of pro-apoptotic protein Bax. This was associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and decreased mitochondrial membrane potentials (MMP). In vivo, five weeks of doxorubicin treatment significantly decreased cardiac function, as evaluated by echocardiography. TUNEL staining results confirmed the increased apoptosis caused by doxorubicin. On the other hand, combinational treatment of doxorubicin with melatonin decreased cardiomyocyte ROS and apoptosis levels, along with increasing MMP. Such doxorubicin-melatonin co-treatment alleviated in vivo doxorubicin-induced cardiac injury. Western Blots, along with in vitro immunofluorescence and in vivo immunohistochemical staining confirmed that doxorubicin treatment significantly down-regulated Yes-associated protein (YAP) expression, while YAP levels were maintained under co-treatment of doxorubicin and melatonin. YAP inhibition by siRNA abolished the protective effects of melatonin on doxorubicin-treated cardiomyocytes, with reversed ROS level and apoptosis. Our findings suggested that melatonin treatment attenuated doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity through preserving YAP levels, which in turn decreases oxidative stress and apoptosis.

4.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(1): 90-94, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037773

RESUMO

With the development of industrial robot technology, robotics has entered the medical field, and the research and development of new robots for many medical applications have become a significant research direction in global robotics. Robots are widely used in various aspects of dentistry, such as prosthodontics, orthodontics, implants, endodontics, and oral surgery. This article mainly introduces the application of robots in stomatology from the above five aspects.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Ortodontia , Robótica , Cirurgia Bucal , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos
5.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045221

RESUMO

Due to the intrinsic coordination preference of the linear uranyl unit, uranyl-organic frameworks (UOFs) are generally prone to exhibiting low-dimensional structures. Reactions of uranyl nitrate with biphenyl-3,3'-disulfonyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid dipotassium salt (K2H2BPDSDC) under different conditions led to three UOFs, namely, {(Me2NH2)[K2(UO2)3(µ3-O)(µ3-OH)2(µ2-OH)(BPDSDC)(H2O)3]·4DMF}n (1), {[K2(UO2)(µ3-O)(BPDSDC)0.5(H2O)2]}n (2), and {(Me2NH2)2.5[K1.5(UO2)(BPDSDC)1.5(H2O)3]}n (3). Compounds 1 and 2 contain one-dimensional (1D) ribbon structures formed from UO22+ units bridged by µ3-O atoms and carboxylate groups. The 1D ribbons in 1 are linked by K+ atoms to form a two-dimensional (2D) layer, which is further pillared by the biphenyl units to give a three-dimensional (3D) framework. For 2, the oxygen atoms of UO22+ units in each 1D ribbon bridge the K+ atoms to form four -[K-O-K]n- infinite chains located above and below the ribbon. The 1D ribbons in 2 are bridged by sulfonate groups to generate a 3D substructure featuring 1D channels occupied by biphenyl moieties. In 3, each mononuclear [(UO2)(COO)3] unit is bridged by three K+ atoms to form a 3D substructure featuring 1D small left-handed and large righted helical channels occluded by biphenyl moieties. Compound 2 exhibits an excellent proton conductivity with the highest conductivity of 1.07 × 10-3 S cm-1. The inner walls of 1D channels of 2 are full of the hydrophilic sulfonate groups, which boost enrichment of the guest water molecules, thus resulting in a high proton conductivity. Finally, temperature dependence of fluorescent studies showed that compounds 1 and 2 display the characteristic uranyl emissions. This work presents the elegant examples of the rarely explored 3D UOFs and expands the potentials of UOFs.

6.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-24, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043380

RESUMO

Objective: To study the efficacy and safety of fractional 2940nm laser-assisted drug delivery of timolol maleate 0.5% solution for the treatment of deep IHs.Methods: In this study, thirty deep IHs were included, and a fractional 2940nm laser was applied with 2-weeks intervals. Topical timolol maleate 0.5% was applied under occlusion for 30 minutes four times/day for 24 weeks. The plasma concentration of timolol maleate was monitored for 0.5h after the first treatment. The HAS scores and the depth, lateral diameter, vertical diameter of hemangiomas were evaluated before treatment, at 8 weeks and 24 weeks of treatment, and at 4 weeks after treatment.Results: Twenty-three patients (76.7%) demonstrated excellent regression, 4(13.3%) showed good response, and 3(10%) experienced moderate regression. The HAS score was declined from 3.6 ± 0.7 to 2.3 ± 0.6 at 8 weeks, and from 1.3 ± 0.5 to 0.8 ± 0.5 at 24 weeks(P < 0.05). Plasma timolol concentration was not detected in 11 infants, and the rest ranged from 1.580pg/ml to 14.718pg/ml, which were <1ng/ml. No systemic complications were observed in any patients.Conclusion Fractional 2940nm laser-assisted drug delivery of timolol maleate 0.5% is considered to be an effective and safe method for treating deep IHs.

7.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008052

RESUMO

Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder resulting from RUNX2 mutations. The influence of RUNX2 mutations on osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption have not been reported. To investigate the role of RUNX2 in osteoclast, RUNX2 expression in macrophages (RAW 264.7 cells) was detected. Stable RAW 264.7 cell lines expressing wild-type RUNX2 or mutated RUNX2 (c.514delT, p.172 fs) were established, and their functions in osteoclasts were investigated. Wild-type RUNX2 promoted osteoclast differentiation, formation of F-actin ring, and bone resorption, while mutant RUNX2 attenuated the positive differentiation effect. Wild-type RUNX2 increased the expression and activity of mTORC2. Subsequently, mTORC2 specifically promoted phosphorylation of AKT at the serine 473 residue. Activated AKT improved the nuclear translocation of NFATc1 and increased the expression of downstream genes, including CTSK. Inhibition of AKT phosphorylation abrogated the osteoclast formation of wild-type macrophages, whereas constitutively activated AKT rescued the osteoclast formation of mutant macrophages. The present study suggested that RUNX2 promotes osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption through the AKT/NFATc1/CTSK axis. Mutant RUNX2 lost the function of regulating osteoclast differentiation and bone remodeling, resulting in the defective formation of the tooth eruption pathway and impaction of permanent teeth in cleidocranial dysplasia. This study, for the first time, verifies the effect of RUNX2 on osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption and provides new insight for the explanation of cleidocranial dysplasia.

8.
Acta Diabetol ; 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008161

RESUMO

AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is now very prevalent in China. Due to the lower rate of controlled diabetes in China compared to that in developed countries, there is a higher incidence of serious cardiovascular complications, especially acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was to establish a potent risk predictive model in the economically disadvantaged northwest region of China, which could predict the probability of new-onset ACS in patients with T2DM. METHODS: Of 456 patients with T2DM admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2018 to January 2019 and included in this study, 270 had no ACS, while 186 had newly diagnosed ACS. Overall, 32 demographic characteristics and serum biomarkers of the study patients were analysed. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression was used to select variables, while the multivariate logistic regression was used to establish the predictive model that was presented using a nomogram. The area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the discriminatory capacity of the model. A calibration plot and Hosmer-Lemeshow test were used for the calibration of the predictive model, while the decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to evaluate its clinical validity. RESULTS: After random sampling, 319 and 137 T2DM patients were included in the training and validation sets, respectively. The predictive model included age, body mass index, diabetes duration, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, serum uric acid, lipoprotein(a), hypertension history and alcohol drinking status as predictors. The AUC of the predictive model and that of the internal validation set was 0.830 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.786-0.874] and 0.827 (95% CI 0.756-0.899), respectively. The predictive model showed very good fitting degree, and DCA demonstrated a clinically effective predictive model. CONCLUSIONS: A potent risk predictive model was established, which is of great value for the secondary prevention of diabetes. Weight loss, lowering of SBP and blood uric acid levels and appropriate control for DBP may significantly reduce the risk of new-onset ACS in T2DM patients in Northwest China.

9.
Neurotoxicol Teratol ; 77: 106854, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891752

RESUMO

The increasing use of rare-earth elements in various fields has raised concern from public heath perspective regarding their accumulation in human body. Long-term exposure to lanthanum, one of the frequently used rare-earth elements in biomedicine and agriculture, has been previously shown to exert neurotoxicity during development in rats; however, the effects of short-term exposure to lanthanum during gestation on neurobehavioral development in rat offspring is still not clear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of intrauterine exposure to lanthanum on neurobehavioral development in rat offspring. Dams were orally exposed to 0, 2, 20, & 60 mg/kg BW of lanthanum nitrate from gestation day 7 to day 16. Morris water maze test, hindlimb strength test, nociceptive perception test, and grip strength test were conducted during postnatal day 61 to 66 in rat offspring. Blood lanthanum concentration and plasma neurotransmitters were measured after sacrifice. The results showed that intrauterine exposure to lanthanum nitrate significantly impaired memory and spatial learning in Morris water maze test. Lanthanum treatment dose-dependently increased blood lanthanum concentration in dams and pups. Lanthanum treatment significantly decreased hindlimb and grip strength and increased delay time in nociceptive response. Plasma neurotransmitter results showed that lanthanum treatment significantly decreased the level of acetylcholine and serotonin while increased the level of glutamate in rat offspring. These results suggest that short-term in utero exposure to lanthanum has potential adverse effects on neurodevelopment in rat offspring.

10.
Theranostics ; 10(3): 1181-1196, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938059

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been implicated in cancer recurrence and therapy resistance. Therefore, a CSC-targeted therapy that disrupts the maintenance and survival of CSCs may offer an effective approach in killing tumor cells in primary tumors and preventing the metastasis caused by CSCs. Nanoparticles (NPs)-based thermotherapy and/or chemotherapy are promising therapeutic methods for cancer treatment. Methods: A silica-based multifunctional NP system was present, which encapsulated a chemotherapeutic agent and magnetic cores and coated with a specific antibody against the lung CSCs. The efficacy of this novel therapeutic strategy was systematically studied both in vitro and in vivo by simultaneous activating the combined thermotherapy and chemotherapy via CSC-targeted NPs. Results: These NPs were systematically administered and activated for targeted chemotherapy and thermotherapy by using an externally applied alternating magnetic field (AMF). The antibody-modified NPs targeted to lung CSCs with enhanced cellular uptake in vitro and extended accumulation in tumor in vivo. Up to 98% of lung CSCs was killed in vitro with 30-min application of AMF, due to the combined effects of hyperthermia and chemotherapeutic drug treatment. In in vivo models, this combined therapy significantly suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in lung CSC xenograft-bearing mice, with minimal side effects and adverse effects. Conclusion: With good biocompatibility and targeting capability, the nanodrug delivery system may offer a promising clinical platform for the combined thermotherapy and chemotherapy. This work demonstrated the feasibility of developing multifunctional nanomedicine targeting CSCs for effective cancer treatment.

11.
Nanoscale ; 12(5): 3343-3350, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984404

RESUMO

A terahertz read-only in situ electrically-erasable rewritable photo-memory device based on a perovskite:Ag (perovskite with Ag nanoparticles added)/SnO2/PEDOT:PSS hetero-junction structure is reported. Under low optical excitation, considerable terahertz amplitude modulation in a perovskite:Ag/PEDOT:PSS hybrid structure was achieved. When a SnO2 nanoparticle film was inserted between the perovskite and PEDOT:PSS layer, the attenuation of the terahertz signal was weaker than that of the perovskite:Ag/PEDOT:PSS hybrid structure; however, the SnO2 nanoparticle film considerably prolonged the recovery time of the modulated terahertz wave in air after photo-excitation was stopped. In addition, when bias voltages were applied to the perovskite:Ag/PEDOT:PSS and perovskite:Ag/SnO2/PEDOT:PSS hybrid structures, respectively, the terahertz signals recovered rapidly for both structures. Consequently, the photo-memory functionality was achieved based on a perovskite:Ag/SnO2/PEDOT:PSS hybrid structure with an in situ method for erasing stored information.

12.
Environ Int ; 136: 105445, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the concept that exposure to environmental chemicals may be contributing factors to epidemics of diabetes mellitus (DM). Triclocarban and triclosan (TCs) are synthetic antibacterial chemicals that are widely used in personal care products. Studies have shown that TCs are endocrine disruptors that alter metabolic conditions. However, it remains unclear whether exposure to TCs is a risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVE: We explored the hypothesis that TCs exposure is associated with an increased risk of IGT and T2DM. METHOD: To test our hypothesis, we analyzed the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cross-sectional data from 2013 to 2014. IGT and T2DM were diagnosed based on an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and the WHO standards. The levels of urinary TCs were measured using an HPLC-MS/MS method that NHANES investigators developed. The association between urinary TCs status and IGT and T2DM was examined separately in men and women using multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for age, race, BMI, education, ratio of family income to poverty, smoking, exercise and hypertension. RESULTS: Nine hundred US participants (429 men and 471 women) were included in the analysis, of whom 242 (26.89%) were diagnosed with T2DM and 117 (13.00%) had IGT. Among women, there was a significant positive association between triclocarban, but not triclosan exposure and T2DM (OR: 1.79, 95% CI: 1.05, 2.05) after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Among men, no significant association between TCs exposure and IGT or T2DM was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Triclocarban exposure may increase the risk of T2DM in the women, although additional studies are needed to confirm the results of this study and to investigate the underlying mechanisms.

13.
Parasitol Res ; 119(2): 611-621, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754855

RESUMO

A new Caryospora-like isolate is described from a magpie-lark (Grallina cyanoleuca) in Western Australia. Sporulated oocysts of the Caryospora-like isolate (n = 35) are subspherical with a shape index of 1.13 ((21.5 (19.7-23.6) × 19.0 (18.1-19.8) µm). The bilayered oocyst wall is smooth. Micropyle, polar granule and oocyst residuum are absent. The sporocyst is ellipsoidal, 18.9 (17.2-20.8) × 12.3 (11.9-12.8) µm, with a shape index (length/width) of 1.54. The sporocyst wall is bilayered. Stieda and substieda bodies are present, the Stieda body is small and flattened and the substieda is trapezoidal. Sporocyst with eight sporozoites arranged head to tail. The sporozoites are vermiform, 18.9 (17.2-20.8) × 12.3 (11.9-12.8) µm and have striations at the anterior end. Each sporozoite has both anterior and posterior refractile bodies. A sporocyst residuum is present. Molecular characterization of the isolated Caryospora-like oocysts was conducted at the 18S ribosomal RNA and the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase (COI) loci. At the 18S rRNA locus, the Caryospora-like isolate exhibited 88.8% to 96.5% similarity with other Caryospora spp. from different hosts. At the COI locus, it showed 91.5% similarity to Caryospora cf. bigenetica JB-2013 (KF859856) from the rattlesnake, Sistrurus catenatus.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 708: 134833, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796276

RESUMO

The spatial variation of chlorophyll a in the Southern Ocean (SO) was of great significance. Sea surface chlorophyll a concentrations was measured by Ferry Box monitoring system on the Chinese polar research vessel Xue Long, which circumnavigated the Antarctic continent in a clockwise direction during the austral summer 2013-2014 (November 2013-April 2014). The concentrations of chlorophyll a indicated a relatively uniform distribution of 0.049-11.647 mg m-3 (mean 0. 869 mg m-3, n = 152,751). The highest chlorophyll a concentrations (mean 1.847 mg m-3) was found in the Ross sea (RS). In addition, six high-chlorophyll a hot spots were recognized. Analysis revealed that phytoplankton bloom could be controlled by multiple factors in different regions, and the chlorophyll a bloom is attributed to the combined effect of surface and subsurface processes such as, continental shelf, sea ice melting, Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) upwelling, suitabletemperature, and nutrient injection from subsurface to the surface. The topographic effects, sea ice melting and CDW upwelling may play a major role in controlling primary productivity in the SO. Among of all, CDW upwelling may be the most important role improving primary productivity. This study presented the phytoplankton distribution patterns and the relation with potential growth-controlling factors in the SO, which will provide more insight in the mechanisms that control global warming to reduce global CO2 the atmosphere into the ocean interior.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(3): 1614-1620, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887253

RESUMO

Understanding the pathological process of biological systems can greatly improve the prevention and treatment of diseases. The study of pathological processes has now reached the molecular level, and molecular fluorescent probes have become a powerful tool. Chromene, also known as benzo-pyran molecule, is a structural element of natural products with good biological compatibility and was developed as a fluorescent probe. The thiol-chromene "click" nucleophilic pyran ring-opening reaction allows the quick detection of thiol. In this work, the chromene alcohol can function as an efficient self-immolative spacer, which covalently links NIR fluorophore via a carbonyl ester. Due to its favorable characteristics and superior applicability, the self-immolative amplifier NIR-HMPC achieves the specific, rapid, sensitive, NIR fluorescent detection of thiols. Furthermore, the indoles iodized salt in the system can specifically target thiols in mitochondria. Thus, this probe was used to visualize the fluctuations of thiols during oxidative stress and cell apoptosis, cerebral ischemia reperfusion, demonstrating that it is valuable for elucidating pathophysiology process in living organism. This discovery provides an effective means for studying the pathological process of thiol related diseases.

16.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 62: 104698, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669364

RESUMO

Both PM2.5 and respiratory viruses are part of the atmospheric constituents. Respiratory viruses are often associated with PM2.5 exposure, but the mechanism of toxicity remains to be explored. The vitro models that adequately reproduce healthy cells or diseased cells exposing to PM2.5 and infecting VSV can provide a useful tool for studying innate immune mechanisms and investigating new therapeutic focus. In the environment of PM2.5, an infection model in which VSV infected A549 cells was established, that mimics the state in which the antiviral innate immune pathways are activated after the respiratory system is infected with RNA viruses. Subsequently, the model was exposed to PM2.5 for 24 h. PM2.5 could be ingested by A549 cells and synergize with VSV to inhibit cell viability and promote apoptosis. The expression of VSV-G were more abundant after VSV-infected A549 cells were exposed to PM2.5. Furthermore, PM2.5 inhibits VSV-induced IFN-ß expression in A549 cells. ISG15, CCL-5, and CXCL-10 had the same expression tendency with IFN-ß mRNA, consistently. Interestingly, when MG132 was applied, the expression of p-IRF-3 and IFN-ß proteins reduced by PM2.5 were refreshed. Conversely, the expression of VSV-G proteins were decreased. PM2.5 could degrade p-IRF-3 proteins by ubiquitination pathway to inhibit VSV-induced IFN-ß expression in A549 cells. Therefore, replication of the VSV viruses was promoted.

17.
J Inorg Biochem ; 202: 110857, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669695

RESUMO

Thirteen novel palladium(II) complexes of the general formula [Pd(bipy)(O,O'-dkt)](PF6), (where bipy is 2,2'-bipyridine and O,O'-dkt is ß-diketonate ligand hispolon or its derivative) have been prepared through a metal-ligand coordination method that involves spontaneous formation of the corresponding diketonate scaffold. The obtained palladium(II) complexes have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy, ESI-mass spectrometry as well as elemental analysis. The cytotoxicity analysis indicates that most of the obtained palladium(II) complexes show promising growth inhibition in three human cancer cell lines. Flow cytometry analysis shows complex 3e could promote intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and lead cancer cell death. And the suppression of ROS accumulation and the rescue of cell viability in HeLa cells by N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) suggest the possible link between the increase in ROS generation and cytotoxicity of complex 3e. Flow cytometry analysis also reveal that complex 3e cause cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase and collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential, promote the generation of ROS and lead to tumor cell apoptosis. The interactions of complex 3e with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been evaluated by UV-Vis spectroscopy, fluorescence quenching experiments and viscosity measurements, which reveal that the complex interact with CT-DNA through minor groove binding and/or electrostatic interactions. Further, the results of fluorescence titration and site marker competitive experiment on bovine serum albumin (BSA) suggest that complex 3e can quench the fluorescence of BSA via a static quenching process and bind to BSA in Sudlow's site II.

18.
Food Chem ; 311: 125960, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862569

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the necessity of enzymatic hydrolysis for walnut peptide preparation based on a novel evaluation approach. Defatted walnut meal hydrolysate (DWMH) was prepared by hydrolyzing defatted walnut meal (DWM) with alcalase, and gastrointestinal digestion of DWM and DWMH was simulated in vitro using pepsin and pancreatin. The peptide and free amino acid (FAA) contents, angiotensin-I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity, 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging activity and molecular weight distributions of DWM, DWMH and their gastric and gastrointestinal digestive fluids were compared. Results showed that DWM could be well digested. High peptide content (21.66 mg/mL) with MW < 3000 Da and more FAAs (8.09 mg/mL) were observed in DWM digests. In addition, DWM digests had high ACE inhibitory activity (42.9%) and DPPH radical-scavenging activity (62.58%), which showed no significant difference when compared with DWMH digests. The above results indicate that enzymatic hydrolysis seems unnecessary for the production of walnut peptides; at the least, hydrolysis with alcalase was unnecessary for producing peptides with significant ACE inhibitory and DPPH radical-scavenging activities.

19.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785983

RESUMO

AIM: We sought to evaluate whether the quality of coordination between physicians transferring comatose cardiac arrest survivors to a high-volume cardiac arrest center for targeted temperature management (TTM) was associated with timeliness of care. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of inter-facility transfers to Vanderbilt University Medical Center for TTM between October 2016 and October 2018. We examined the relationship between Relational Coordination (RC) - a measure of communication and relationship quality - during phone conversations between transferring physicians and time-to-acceptance. RESULTS: We identified 18 patients meeting criteria. TTM was initiated or continued in 72%, and in-hospital mortality was 75%. Median time-to-acceptance was 2.77 (interquartile range [IQR] 2.0, 4.1) minutes, and duration of calls was 3.95 (IQR 2.7, 5.2) minutes. Interrater reliability for overall RC was high (rho = 0.87). The correlation between RC and the time-to-acceptance was significant in univariate analyses (adjusted relative risk = 0.96, 95%CI 0.93, 1.0, p = 0.05). Secondary analyses did not find a significant relationship between RC and timeliness measures. CONCLUSION: In this sample of patients transferred for TTM, we found that RC as a measure of care coordination, was reliable. Higher quality care coordination for cardiac arrest survivors was associated with faster physician acceptance. Future work using a larger cohort should explore if higher RC among a broader set of stakeholders (physicians, EMS, families, etc.) is associated with timeliness measures after adjusting for other factors, to better understand how the quality of care coordination impacts timeliness of care and patient outcomes.

20.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 363, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792629

RESUMO

Amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O (a-IGZO) thin-film transistor (TFT) memories are attracting many interests for future system-on-panel applications; however, they usually exhibit a poor erasing efficiency. In this article, we investigate voltage-polarity-dependent programming behaviors of an a-IGZO TFT memory with an atomic-layer-deposited ZnO charge trapping layer (CTL). The pristine devices demonstrate electrically programmable characteristics not only under positive gate biases but also under negative gate biases. In particular, the latter can generate a much higher programming efficiency than the former. Upon applying a gate bias pulse of +13 V/1 µs, the device shows a threshold voltage shift (ΔVth) of 2 V; and the ΔVth is as large as -6.5 V for a gate bias pulse of -13 V/1 µs. In the case of 12 V/1 ms programming (P) and -12 V/10 µs erasing (E), a memory window as large as 7.2 V can be achieved at 103 of P/E cycles. By comparing the ZnO CTLs annealed in O2 or N2 with the as-deposited one, it is concluded that the oxygen vacancy (VO)-related defects dominate the bipolar programming characteristics of the TFT memory devices. For programming at positive gate voltage, electrons are injected from the IGZO channel into the ZnO layer and preferentially trapped at deep levels of singly ionized oxygen vacancy (VO +) and doubly ionized oxygen vacancy (VO 2+). Regarding programming at negative gate voltage, electrons are de-trapped easily from neutral oxygen vacancies because of shallow donors and tunnel back to the channel. This thus leads to highly efficient erasing by the formation of additional ionized oxygen vacancies with positive charges.

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