Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 555
Filtrar
1.
Cytokine ; 149: 155725, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over-activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome can lead to sepsis. NLRP3 is an essential protein in the classical pathway of pyroptosis. This study assessed the use of serum NLRP3 level as a potential inflammatory biomarker in septic patients. METHODS: Patients were categorized into five groups: healthy controls (n = 30), ICU controls (n = 22), infection (n = 19), septic non-shock (n = 33), and septic shock (n = 83). Serum NLRP3 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for all patients upon enrollment. Clinical parameters and laboratory test data (APACHE II, SOFA, and lactate) were also assessed. Moreover, the ability of serum NLRP3 levels to predict sepsis was determined by the area under the curve (AUC) analysis. RESULTS: The NLRP3 levels in the septic shock group was significantly higher (431.89, 386.61-460.21 pg/mL) than that in the healthy control group (23.24, 9.38-49.73 pg/mL), ICU control group (74.82, 62.71-85.93 pg/mL), infection group (114.34, 99.21-122.56 pg/mL), and septic non-shock group (136.99, 128.80-146.98 pg/mL; P<0.001 for all comparisons). Additionally, the AUC indicated that the ability of serum NLRP3 levels to predict sepsis and septic shock incidences was not lower than that of the SOFA score. Patients with higher NLRP3 serum levels (>147.72 pg/mL) had significantly increased 30-day mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS: NLRP3 is useful for the early identification of high-risk septic patients, particularly septic shock patients. Moreover, elevated NRLP3 levels could result in poor septic prediction outcomes.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771489

RESUMO

Circular RNAs are regulatory molecules involved in numerous cellular processes and may be involved in tumour growth and diffusion. Here, we define the expression of 15 selected circular RNAs, which may control the process of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, using a panel of 18 breast cancer cell lines recapitulating the heterogeneity of these tumours and consisting of three groups according to the mesenchymal/epithelial phenotype. A circular RNA from the DOCK1 gene (hsa_circ_0020397) shows low/undetectable levels in triple-negative mesenchymal cell lines, while its content is high in epithelial cell lines, independent of estrogen receptor or HER2 positivity. RNA-sequencing experiments performed on the triple-negative/mesenchymal MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-157 cell lines engineered to overexpress hsa_circ_0020397 demonstrate that the circRNA influences the expression of 110 common genes. Pathway analysis of these genes indicates that overexpression of the circular RNA differentiates the two mesenchymal cell lines along the epithelial pathway and increases cell-to-cell adhesion. This is accompanied by growth inhibition and a reduction in the random/directional motility of the cell lines. The upregulated AGR2, ENPP1, and PPP1R9A genes as well as the downregulated APOE, AQP3, CD99L2, and IGFBP4 genes show an opposite regulation by hsa_circ_0020397 silencing in luminal CAMA1 cells. The results provide novel insights into the role played by specific circular RNAs in the generation/progression of breast cancer.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 659793, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712673

RESUMO

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) might benefit critically ill COVID-19 patients. But the considerations besides indications guiding ECMO initiation under extreme pressure during the COVID-19 epidemic was not clear. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and in-hospital mortality of severe critically ill COVID-19 patients supported with ECMO and without ECMO, exploring potential parameters for guiding the initiation during the COVID-19 epidemic. Methods: Observational cohort study of all the critically ill patients indicated for ECMO support from January 1 to May 1, 2020, in all 62 authorized hospitals in Wuhan, China. Results: Among the 168 patients enrolled, 74 patients actually received ECMO support and 94 not were analyzed. The in-hospital mortality of the ECMO supported patients was significantly lower than non-ECMO ones (71.6 vs. 85.1%, P = 0.033), but the role of ECMO was affected by patients' age (Logistic regression OR 0.62, P = 0.24). As for the ECMO patients, the median age was 58 (47-66) years old and 62.2% (46/74) were male. The 28-day, 60-day, and 90-day mortality of these ECMO supported patients were 32.4, 68.9, and 74.3% respectively. Patients survived to discharge were younger (49 vs. 62 years, P = 0.042), demonstrated higher lymphocyte count (886 vs. 638 cells/uL, P = 0.022), and better CO2 removal (PaCO2 immediately after ECMO initiation 39.7 vs. 46.9 mmHg, P = 0.041). Age was an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality of the ECMO supported patients, and a cutoff age of 51 years enabled prediction of in-hospital mortality with a sensitivity of 84.3% and specificity of 55%. The surviving ECMO supported patients had longer ICU and hospital stays (26 vs. 18 days, P = 0.018; 49 vs. 29 days, P = 0.001 respectively), and ECMO procedure was widely carried out after the supplement of medical resources after February 15 (67.6%, 50/74). Conclusions: ECMO might be a benefit for severe critically ill COVID-19 patients at the early stage of epidemic, although the in-hospital mortality was still high. To initiate ECMO therapy under tremendous pressure, patients' age, lymphocyte count, and adequacy of medical resources should be fully considered.

4.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 57(8): 786-794, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697781

RESUMO

Jolkinolide B (JB) is a bioactive diterpenoid, isolated from the root of Euphorbia fischeriana Steud, and has been reported to have anti-tumor and anti-inflammation function by regulation of cell migration, invasion, apoptosis, and cell cycle. We aimed to evaluate the effect of JB on laryngeal cancer cells. Human normal larynx epithelial (HBE) cells and cancer cell lines TU212, TU177, and Hep-2 were cultured; MTT assay was used to assess cell proliferation. LY294002 (a PI3K/Akt inhibitor) and IGF-1 (a PI3K/Akt activator) were employed to investigate the expression of PI3K/Akt pathway. Cell migration and invasion activities were detected by scratch wound healing and transwell assay, respectively. Flow cytometry assay was used to assess cell apoptosis. The expression levels of proteins were assessed by immunofluorescence and Western blotting assay. JB inhibited TU212, TU177, and Hep-2 cell viability with an IC50 value of 54.57 ± 0.53 µg/mL, 44.82 ± 0.32 µg/mL, and 49.63 ± 0.47 µg/mL, respectively. Compared with control group, the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cells significantly decreased after JB and LY294002 treatment, while cell apoptosis increased. In IGF-1 group, the results were opposite compared to the JB and LY294002 groups. Western blotting results showed that JB and LY294002 treatment significantly inhibited the levels of Bcl-2, p-PI3K, and p-Akt while the levels of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and PTEN protein significantly increased. Our study suggested that JB exhibits an inhibition effect on laryngeal cancer cell growth in vitro.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt B): 108216, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634689

RESUMO

Herpes zoster (HZ) is a recurrent nerve tissue infection caused by the reactivation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV). At present, two vaccines, the live attenuated vaccine Zostavax™ and AS01B-adjuvanted recombinant subunit vaccine Shingrix™, are commercially available for HZ. The latter is superior to the former in terms of efficacy and duration of immunity in the elderly. In this study, we used glycoprotein E (gE) as an antigen, and investigated the effects of various adjuvants (MF59, MF59/CpG 2006, and MF59/QS-21) on the immune response of C57BL/6J mice to find an alternative adjuvant to AS01B-like adjuvant of liposome/QS-21/MPL. In addition to safety, the gE-specific antibody, IgG antibody subtype, and cytokine secretion by splenocytes, and cell-mediated immune responses were determined using ELISA and ELISPOT assays, respectively. Our results showed no significant effects on the body weight, temperature, or behavior of mice vaccinated with PBS or all adjuvanted vaccines. All adjuvanted vaccine groups showed significantly higher gE-specific IgG antibody levels than the gE-alone group on day 28 after the first vaccine dose. In addition, all adjuvants induced a remarkable increase in both IgG1 and IgG2b levels. However, MF59/QS-21 and MF59/CpG 2006 showed comparable capacities to those of liposome/QS-21/MPL in increasing the IgG2c levels, being superior to MF59. Further investigation revealed that MF59 only induced a limited increase in the levels of Th1 and Th2 cytokines, while MF59/QS-21, MF59/CpG 2006, and liposome/QS-21/MPL led to a significant increase in the secretion of interferon gamma (IFN-γ), IL-2, IL-4, and IL-10 and showed a Th1-biased immune response. Moreover, MF59/QS-21, MF59/CpG 2006, and liposome/QS-21/MPL adjuvanted vaccines resulted in comparable gE-specific IFN-γ + immune cell responses. These results suggest that the combination of MF59 with QS-21 or CpG 2006 may be a promising adjuvant candidate for subunit HZ vaccines. Further investigations are needed to illustrate their durability and efficacy in aged mice.

6.
Brain Commun ; 3(3): fcab176, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557664

RESUMO

Normal-appearing white matter is far from normal in multiple sclerosis; little is known about the precise pathology or spatial pattern of this alteration and its relation to subsequent lesion formation. This study was undertaken to evaluate normal-appearing white matter abnormalities in brain areas where multiple sclerosis lesions subsequently form, and to investigate the spatial distribution of normal-appearing white matter abnormalities in persons with multiple sclerosis. Brain MRIs of pre-lesion normal-appearing white matter were analysed in participants with new T2 lesions, pooled from three clinical trials: SYNERGY (NCT01864148; n = 85 with relapsing multiple sclerosis) was the test data set; ASCEND (NCT01416181; n = 154 with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis) and ADVANCE (NCT00906399; n = 261 with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis) were used as validation data sets. Focal normal-appearing white matter tissue state was analysed prior to lesion formation in areas where new T2 lesions later formed (pre-lesion normal-appearing white matter) using normalized magnetization transfer ratio and T2-weighted (nT2) intensities, and compared with overall normal-appearing white matter and spatially matched contralateral normal-appearing white matter. Each outcome was analysed using linear mixed-effects models. Follow-up time (as a categorical variable), patient-level characteristics (including treatment group) and other baseline variables were treated as fixed effects. In SYNERGY, nT2 intensity was significantly higher, and normalized magnetization transfer ratio was lower in pre-lesion normal-appearing white matter versus overall and contralateral normal-appearing white matter at all time points up to 24 weeks before new T2 lesion onset. In ASCEND and ADVANCE (for which normalized magnetization transfer ratio was not available), nT2 intensity in pre-lesion normal-appearing white matter was significantly higher compared to both overall and contralateral normal-appearing white matter at all pre-lesion time points extending up to 2 years prior to lesion formation. In all trials, nT2 intensity in the contralateral normal-appearing white matter was also significantly higher at all pre-lesion time points compared to overall normal-appearing white matter. Brain atlases of normal-appearing white matter abnormalities were generated using measures of voxel-wise differences in normalized magnetization transfer ratio of normal-appearing white matter in persons with multiple sclerosis compared to scanner-matched healthy controls. We observed that overall spatial distribution of normal-appearing white matter abnormalities in persons with multiple sclerosis largely recapitulated the anatomical distribution of probabilities of T2 hyperintense lesions. Overall, these findings suggest that intrinsic spatial properties and/or longstanding precursory abnormalities of normal-appearing white matter tissue may contribute to the risk of autoimmune acute demyelination in multiple sclerosis.

7.
Insects ; 12(9)2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564276

RESUMO

The brown planthopper (BPH) is one of the main pests endangering rice yields. The development of rice varieties harboring resistance genes is the most economical and effective method of managing BPH. To identify new BPH resistance-related genes, a total of 123 rice varieties were assessed for resistance and durable resistance. Three varieties were immune, and nine were highly resistant to BPH. After whole-genome resequencing of all 123 varieties, 1,897,845 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) decay analysis showed that the average LD of the SNPs at 20 kb was 0.30 (r2) and attenuated to half value (~0.30) at a distance of about 233 kb. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of durable resistance to BPH was conducted using the Fast-MLM model. One quantitative trait locus, identified on chromosome 2, included 13 candidate genes. Two candidate genes contained a leucine-rich repeat and CC-NBS-LRR or NB-ARC domains, which might confer resistance to pests or diseases. Interestingly, LOC_Os02g27540 was highly expressed and was induced by BPH; GWAS identified potential rice genes coding for durable resistance to BPH. This study helps to elucidate the mechanism of durable resistance to BPH in rice and provides essential genetic information for breeding and functional verification of resistant varieties.

9.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 352, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare, benign, idiopathic non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Cases of RDD in the CNS are extremely rare but lethal. RDD is thought to represent a reactive process. Recent studies proposed a subset of RDD cases that had a clonal nature. However, its clone origin is poorly understood. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a rare case of RDD in the CNS with two isolated lesions. These two lesions were removed successively after two operations. No seizure nor recurrence appears to date (2 years follow-up). Morphological and immunohistochemical profiles of these two lesions support the diagnosis of RDD. Based on the whole-exome sequencing (WES) data, we found the larger lesion has a higher tumor mutational burden (TMB) and more driver gene mutations than the smaller lesion. We also found seven common truncal mutations in these two lesions, raising the possibility that they might stem from the same ancestor clone. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this is the first report about clonal evolution of RDD in the CNS with two isolated lesions. Our findings contribute to the pathology of RDD, and support the notion that a subset of cases with RDD is a clonal histiocytic disorder driven by genetic alterations.


Assuntos
Histiocitose Sinusal , Sistema Nervoso Central , Células Clonais , Histiocitose Sinusal/diagnóstico , Histiocitose Sinusal/genética , Humanos , Mutação/genética , Recidiva
10.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 372, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dystrophinopathy, a common neuromuscular disorder, includes Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). Many researches are currently ongoing to develop curative approaches, which results in an urgent need for biomarkers of disease progression and treatment response. This study investigated whether the serum creatinine (SCRN) level can be used as a biomarker of disease progression in dystrophinopathy. METHODS: We enrolled 377 male patients with dystrophinopathy and 520 male non-dystrophinopathy controls in a cross-sectional study. From this cohort, 113 follow-up patients were enrolled in a longitudinal study. Patients' demographic information, motor function, muscle fatty infiltration, and muscle dystrophin levels were evaluated. We investigated correlations between these parameters and SCRN levels, and determined changes in SCRN levels with maturation and with motor function changes. RESULTS: Our results showed SCRN levels correlated with motor function (FDR < 0.001) and timed test results (FDR between < 0.001-0.012), as well as with muscle fatty infiltration (FDR < 0.001) and dystrophin levels (FDR = 0.015 and 0.001). SCRN levels increased with maturation in control individuals; it slowly increased with maturation in patients with BMD but decreased generally with maturation in patients with DMD. The longitudinal study further demonstrated that SCRN levels were associated with motor function. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicated that the SCRN level is a promising biomarker for assessing disease progression in dystrophinopathy and could be used as a potential outcome measure in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Distrofina , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne , Biomarcadores , Creatinina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico
11.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(15): 1219, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532356

RESUMO

Background: Shock is a critical illness that seriously threatens the lives of patients. This study explains the epidemiology of shock, mortality of shock, and identify factors that related to hospital death. Methods: This is a multi-centre cross-sectional survey, which included 1,064 tertiary hospitals in 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions across China mainland. Totally 289,428 patients who diagnosed with shock based on the ICD-10 abstracted from the Hospital Quality Monitoring System (HQMS) in 2018, a national database administrated by National Health Commission of the PRC. Results: Patients diagnosed with shock were screened and classified according to the type of shock. Regression analysis was used to identify factors that related to death. A total of 79,668,156 medical records were included in HQMS in 2018, from which a total of 289,428 records with shock were identified. Hypovolemic shock occurred in 128,436 cases (44.38%), septic shock occurred in 121,543 cases (41.99%), cardiogenic shock occurred in 44,597 cases (15.41), and obstructive shock occurred in 3,168 cases (1.09%). Of these, 8,147 cases (2.81%) had mixed shock, which means had two or more types of shock. For all the shock cases, the top three frequent concomitant diseases recorded were circulatory system diseases (55.22%), digestive system diseases (53.64%), and respiratory system diseases (53.31%). Of the four types of shock, cases with cardiogenic shock had the highest in-hospital mortality (31.6%), followed by those with obstructive shock (25.2%), septic shock (22.9%), and hypovolemic shock (15.5%). Interestingly, the combination of shock and malignant tumors is one of the major factors that related to hospital deaths. Conclusions: Shock is a serious disease with a high fatality rate and huge clinical costs. According to this epidemiological survey of shock in China 2018, we should clarify the factors related to the hospital death in shock cases.

12.
Microvasc Res ; 139: 104249, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516983

RESUMO

Type I and II diabetes adversely affect the microvasculature of several organs, although the regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Previous studies have found that differentially expressed circRNAs associated with hyperglycemia (HG) induce endothelial dysfunction. In the present study, high-throughput sequencing was employed to assess abnormal circRNA expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) after HG treatment. Then, bioinformatics analysis, luciferase reporting analysis, angiogenic differentiation analysis, flow cytometry, and qRT-PCR analysis were performed to investigate the underlying regulatory mechanism and targets. The results demonstrate that hsa_circ_0022742 expression in HUVECs was decreased by HG treatment and overexpression of hsa_circ_0022742 suppressed HG-induced endothelial dysfunction. Luciferase analysis showed that miR-503-5p and FBXW7 were downstream targets of hsa_circ_0022742. Both overexpression of FBXW7 and inhibition of miR-503-5p reversed the protective effect of hsa_circ_0022742 against HG-induced endothelial dysfunction, including apoptosis, abnormal vascular differentiation, and secretion of inflammatory factors, indicating that hsa_circ_0022742 enhanced FBXW7 expression by sponging miR-503-5p. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that overexpression of hsa_circ_0022742 suppressed HG-induced endothelial dysfunction by targeting the miR-503-5p/FBXW7 axis.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(17): 2017-2024, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432651

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the most common severe diseases seen in the clinical setting. With the continuous exploration of ARDS in recent decades, the understanding of ARDS has improved. ARDS is not a simple lung disease but a clinical syndrome with various etiologies and pathophysiological changes. However, in the intensive care unit, ARDS often occurs a few days after primary lung injury or after a few days of treatment for other severe extrapulmonary diseases. Under such conditions, ARDS often progresses rapidly to severe ARDS and is difficult to treat. The occurrence and development of ARDS in these circumstances are thus not related to primary lung injury; the real cause of ARDS may be the "second hit" caused by inappropriate treatment. In view of the limited effective treatments for ARDS, the strategic focus has shifted to identifying potential or high-risk ARDS patients during the early stages of the disease and implementing treatment strategies aimed at reducing ARDS and related organ failure. Future research should focus on the prevention of ARDS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26674, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398034

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to explore the dynamics of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and CD8+ T cells in stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer patients with CTCs in different programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) status treated with radiotherapy and evaluate the correlation between CTCs and CD8+ T cells.This study was a retrospective study which reviewed 69 stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer patients underwent postoperative radiotherapy and peripheral blood tests of CTCs and T lymphocyte were available before radiation, 1 week after radiation and 1 month after radiation.In this study, 25 patients had PD-L1 positive CTCs and 44 patients had PD-L1 negative CTCs. The CTCs count was significantly decreased compared with baseline in patients with different PD-L1 status CTCs at 1 week and 1 month after radiotherapy. The proportion of CD8+ T cells was significantly increased at 1 month after radiotherapy compared with baseline in the total population (mean change, 7.24 ±â€Š2.12; P < .05) and patients with PD-L1 negative CTCs (mean change, 7.17 ±â€Š2.65; P < .05). One month after radiotherapy, the proportion of CD8+ T cells was negatively correlated with the CTCs count in the total population (r = -0.255, P = .034) and PD-L1 negative patients (r = -0.330, P = .029). In patients with PD-L1 negative CTCs, the CTCs count 1 week after radiotherapy (hazard ratio, 0.150 [95% confidence intervals., 0.027-0.840], P = .031) and the proportion of CD8+ T cells 1 month after radiotherapy (hazard ratio, 7.961 [95% confidence intervals, 1.028-61.68], P = .047) were independent prognostic factors for disease recurrence.After radiotherapy, only PD-L1-negative patients had a significant increase in the CD8+ T cell levels, while it was negatively correlated with CTCs count and was an independent prognostic factors of disease recurrence.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , China , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
15.
Front Physiol ; 12: 711711, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34434119

RESUMO

The present study aimed to find a blood marker for the prediction of wooden breast (WB) in live broiler to assist the genetic selection of fast-growing chickens. The experiments were carried out with two chicken flocks: 250 male broilers in flock 1 and 100 male and female broilers in flock 2. Both flocks were slaughtered and measured. The breast filets were assessed by combining subjective scoring and compression force at 28 (flock 1 only) and 42 days of age. The enzyme activity in serum and breast tissue (flock 1 only) of normal and affected groups was tested. The results showed that the compression force was significantly different between the normal and affected groups at 28 and 42 days of age (P < 0.001), and it increased significantly with rising WB and WS scores. The serum creatine kinase (CK) value increased significantly with rising compression force at 42 days of age (P < 0.001). The serum CK positively correlated with compression force (r = 0.608; P < 0.001) and the linear regression equation (serum CK = 0.9960∗compression force + 1.884) was established for the line studied. The association between serum CK and compression force is consistent between flocks 1 and 2. In conclusion, our study confirmed that compression force could be the quantitative indicator to differentiate breast filets and found that serum CK could be a candidate biomarker to predict WB in live broilers and assist genetic selection in broiler breeding.

16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5081, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426580

RESUMO

Solution-processed metal halide perovskites have been recognized as one of the most promising semiconductors, with applications in light-emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells and lasers. Various additives have been widely used in perovskite precursor solutions, aiming to improve the formed perovskite film quality through passivating defects and controlling the crystallinity. The additive's role of defect passivation has been intensively investigated, while a deep understanding of how additives influence the crystallization process of perovskites is lacking. Here, we reveal a general additive-assisted crystal formation pathway for FAPbI3 perovskite with vertical orientation, by tracking the chemical interaction in the precursor solution and crystallographic evolution during the film formation process. The resulting understanding motivates us to use a new additive with multi-functional groups, 2-(2-(2-Aminoethoxy)ethoxy)acetic acid, which can facilitate the orientated growth of perovskite and passivate defects, leading to perovskite layer with high crystallinity and low defect density and thereby record-high performance NIR perovskite LEDs (~800 nm emission peak, a peak external quantum efficiency of 22.2% with enhanced stability).

17.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369657

RESUMO

Proteins in Jumonji family function as histone demethylases and participate in cardiac development. Jumonji domain containing 5 (JMJD5) is responsible for the embryonic development through removing methyl moieties from H3K36me2 histone, and has pro-proliferative effect on heart and eye development. However, the protective role of JMJD5 against oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R)-induced injury in cardiomyocytes has not been fully understood. Firstly, myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) rat model was established by ligation of left coronary artery. OGD/R was performed in non-transfected H9C2 or H9C2 transfected with pcDNA-JMJD5 plasmid to induce cell cytotoxicity. Data from qRT-PCR and western blot showed that JMJD5 was reduced in the heart tissues of myocardial I/R rat model and OGD/R-induced H9C2. Secondly, JMJD5 over-expression attenuated OGD/R-induced decrease in cell viability and increase in lactate dehydrogenase secretion and cell apoptosis in H9C2. Mitophagy was promoted by pcDNA-mediated over-expression of JMJD5 with enhanced protein expression of LC3-I, LC3-II, Atg5, and Beclin 1. Thirdly, knockdown of JMJD5 aggravated OGD/R-induced decrease in hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), whereas JMJD5 over-expression enhanced BNIP3 (Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19-kDa interacting protein) through upregulation of HIF-1α. Lastly, BNIP3 silencing promoted cell apoptosis, suppressed mitophagy, and attenuated the protective effects of JMJD5 over-expression against OGD/R-induced injury in H9C2. In conclusion, JMJD5 exerted protective effects against OGD/R-induced injury in cardiomyocytes through upregulation of HIF-1α-BNIP3.

18.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 5755671, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336159

RESUMO

In order to explore the efficacy of using artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm-based ultrasound images to diagnose iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) and assist clinicians in the diagnosis of diseases, the characteristics of vein imaging in patients with IVCS were summarized. After ultrasound image acquisition, the image data were preprocessed to construct a deep learning model to realize the position detection of venous compression and the recognition of benign and malignant lesions. In addition, a dataset was built for model evaluation. The data came from patients with thrombotic chronic venous disease (CVD) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in hospital. The image feature group of IVCS extracted by cavity convolution was the artificial intelligence algorithm imaging group, and the ultrasound images were directly taken as the control group without processing. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed to check the patient's veins one week in advance. Then, the patients were rolled into the AI algorithm imaging group and control group, and the correlation between May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) and AI algorithm imaging was analyzed based on DSA and ultrasound results. Satisfaction of intestinal venous stenosis (or occlusion) or formation of collateral circulation was used as a diagnostic index for MTS. Ultrasound showed that the AI algorithm imaging group had a higher percentage of good treatment effects than that of the control group. The call-up rate of the DMRF-convolutional neural network (CNN), precision, and accuracy were all superior to those of the control group. In addition, the degree of venous swelling of patients in the artificial intelligence algorithm imaging group was weak, the degree of pain relief was high after treatment, and the difference between the artificial intelligence algorithm imaging group and control group was statistically considerable (p < 0.005). Through grouped experiments, it was found that the construction of the AI imaging model was effective for the detection and recognition of lower extremity vein lesions in ultrasound images. To sum up, the ultrasound image evaluation and analysis using AI algorithm during MTS treatment was accurate and efficient, which laid a good foundation for future research, diagnosis, and treatment.

19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 160(2): 250-258, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217574

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Invisalign's (Align Technology, Santa Clara, Calif) optimized and conventional attachments on rotational and extrusive tooth movements. METHODS: Initial, predicted, and achieved digital dental models from 100 orthodontic patients were exported from Invisalign's ClinCheck software as stereolithography files and subsequently imported into the Slicer CMF program (version 4.7.0; http://www.slicer.org) for superimpositions on posterior teeth with no planned movement. Rotational and extrusive measurements for both optimized and conventional attachments were made on 382 teeth from the superimposition of the initial and predicted models (predicted movement) and from the superimposed initial and achieved models (achieved movement). Predicted and achieved movements were compared along with movements of teeth with optimized and conventional attachments. RESULTS: Differences between accuracies of tooth movements using optimized vs conventional attachments for both rotation and extrusion were neither statistically nor clinically significant. Mean predicted values were larger than mean achieved values for all attachment types and movements (P < 0.0001). For extrusion, the mean difference between predicted and achieved movements was clinically significant (0.40 mm and 0.62 mm for optimized and conventional attachments, respectively). Overall, the mean accuracy was 57.2%. Mean accuracy was 63.2% for rotation and 47.6% for extrusion. Interproximal reduction or spacing did not significantly affect accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Conventional attachment types may be just as effective as Invisalign's proprietary optimized attachments for rotations of canines and premolars and extrusion of incisors and canines. Clinicians should consider overcorrecting tooth movements, especially anterior tooth extrusion.


Assuntos
Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Humanos , Incisivo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
20.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 108, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Right ventricle (RV) dilation in combination with elevated central venous pressure (CVP), which is a state of RV congestion, is seen as a sign of RV failure (RVF). On the other hand, RV systolic function is usually assessed by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and fractional area change (FAC). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and prognostic value of RVF and RV systolic dysfunction (RVSD) in septic patients. METHODS: Mechanically ventilated sepsis and septic shock patients were included. We collected haemodynamic and echocardiographic parameters as well as prognostic information including mechanical ventilation duration, length of ICU stay and 30-day mortality. RVF was defined as a right and left ventricular end-diastolic area ratio ≥ 0.6 in combination with CVP ≥ 8 mmHg. RVSD was defined as TAPSE < 16 mm or FAC < 35%. RESULTS: A total of 215 patients were enrolled in this study, and the patients were divided into 4 groups: patients with normal RV function (normal, n = 101), patients with RVF but without RVSD (RVF only, n = 38), patients with RVSD but without RVF (RVSD only, n = 44), and patients with combined RVF-RVSD (RVF/RVSD, n = 32). The RVF/RVSD group and RVSD only group had a lower cardiac index than the RVF only group and normal groups (p < 0.05). At 30 days after ICU admission, 50.0% of patients had died in the RVF/RVSD group, which was much higher than the mortality in the RVF only group (13.2%) and normal group (13.9%) (p < 0.05). In a Cox regression analysis, the presence of RVF/RVSD was independently associated with 30-day mortality (HR 3.004, 95% CI:1.370-6.587, p = 0.006). In contrast, neither the presence of RVF only nor the presence of RVSD only was associated with 30-day mortality (HR 0.951, 95% CI:0.305-2.960, p = 0.931; HR 1.912, 95% CI:0.853-4.287, p = 0.116, respectively). CONCLUSION: The presence of combined RVF-RVSD was associated with 30-day mortality in mechanically ventilated septic patients. Additional studies are needed to confirm and expand this finding.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...