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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1729-1733, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342693

RESUMO

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Alisma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
2.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 20(1): 84-94, 2019 Jan..
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614232

RESUMO

Peach brown rot, caused by Monilinia fructicola, is one of the most serious peach diseases. A strain belonging to the Actinomycetales, named Streptomyces blastmyceticus JZB130180, was found to have a strong inhibitory effect on M. fructicola in confrontation culture. Following the inoculation of peaches in vitro, it was revealed that the fermentation broth of S. blastmyceticus JZB130180 had a significant inhibitory effect on disease development by M. fructicola. The fermentation broth of S. blastmyceticus JZB130180 had an EC50 (concentration for 50% of maximal effect) of 38.3 µg/mL against M. fructicola, as determined in an indoor toxicity test. Analysis of the physicochemical properties of the fermentation broth revealed that it was tolerant of acid and alkaline conditions, temperature, and ultraviolet radiation. In addition, chitinase, cellulase, and protease were also found to be secreted by the strain. The results of this study suggest that S. blastmyceticus JZB130180 may be used for the biocontrol of peach brown rot.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/patogenicidade , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Prunus persica/microbiologia , Streptomyces/fisiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Celulase/metabolismo , Quitinases/metabolismo , Fermentação , Frutas/microbiologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos , Filogenia , Sideróforos/metabolismo , Streptomyces/classificação , Streptomyces/genética
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 832, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154716

RESUMO

Ethno Pharmacological Relevance: Acetylharpagide is a monomeric compound extracted from Ajuga decumbens, widely used for remedying infectious and inflammatory diseases in Southern China. Aim of the Study: The present study designed and investigated the formulation of colon-targeted acetylharpagide tablets according to the dual controlled release mechanisms of time-delay and pH-sensitivity. Materials and Methods: The core tablets of acetylharpagide were coated with the material used in time-delay systems such as ethyl cellulose and suitable channeling agent, followed by pH-dependent polymers, polyacrylic resin II and III in a combination of 1:4. Furthermore, the release and absorption performance of colon-targets tables were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. In the in vitro tests, the optimized formulation was not released in simulated gastric fluid in 2 h; the release was <5% at pH 6.8 simulated intestinal fluids for 4 h; the drug was completely released within 5 h at pH 7.6 simulated colon fluid. In the in vivo tests, pharmacokinetic characteristics of the colon-targeted tablets were investigated in dogs. Results: The results indicated that the acetylharpagide tablets with the technology of colon-targeting caused delayed Tmax, prolonged absorption time, lower Cmax, and AUCINF_obs. Meanwhile, the apparent volume of distribution (Vz_F_bs) of the colon-target tablets was higher than the reference. Conclusions: These results suggested that colon-targeted acetylharpagide tablets deliver the drug to the colon. The in vitro performance of colon-targeted acetylharpagide tablet was appropriately correlated with its performance in vivo.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(24): 4628-4634, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28936848

RESUMO

In this study, an HPLC method was developed for simultaneous determination of seven alkaloids (cytosine, oxymatrine, N-oxysophocarpine, N-methylcytisine, sophoranol, matrine, and sophocarpine) and three flavonoids (trifolirhizin, fermononetin, and maackiain) from different samples of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma. Samples were analyzed on a Welch XtimateTM C18 column (4. 6 mm× 250 mm, 5 µm) eluted with the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A) and 0.01 mol•L⁻¹ ammonium acetate solution (pH 8.0) (B) in a linear gradient mode as follows: 0-20 min,4%-14% A;20-30 min,14%-25% A;30-45 min,25%-40% A;45-65 min,40%-55% A;65-75 min,55% A. The flow rate of the mobile phase, the column temperature, and the PDA detector wavelength were set at 1.0 mL•min⁻¹, 30 ℃, and 225 nm, respectively. For the method validation, these ten compounds showed good separation and satisfactory linearity (r≥0.999 7) within the concentration ranges tested. The mean recoveries were in the range of 98.60% to 102.6% with the RSD (n=6) between 0.60% and 3.7%. This method was proved to be simple, accurate and repeatable. The quantitative results showed that there were significant differences in the contents of seven alkaloids and three flavonoids among the different samples. This result revealed that the quality of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma varied widely. This method could be used for the simultaneous determination of the multi-ingredients from Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, which might provide scientific evidences to evaluate/control the quality of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, comprehensively.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Flavonoides/análise , Sophora/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
5.
Arch Microbiol ; 196(7): 525-30, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24908073

RESUMO

Brown rot caused by Monilinia spp. is among the most important postharvest diseases of commercially grown stone fruits, and application of antagonistic yeasts to control brown rot is one promising strategy alternative to chemical fungicides. In this research, new yeast strains were isolated and tested for their activity against peach brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola. Three yeast strains were originally isolated from the surface of plums (cv Chinese Angelino) collected in the north of China. In artificially wounded inoculation tests, the yeast reduced the brown rot incidence to 20 %. The population of the yeast within inoculated wounds on peaches significantly increased at 25 °C from an initial level of 5.0×10(6) to 4.45×10(7) CFU per wound after 1 day. The antagonistic strains were belonging to a new species of the genus Candida by sequence comparisons of 26 S rDNA D1/D2 domain and internal transcribed spacer region. The strains are most closely related to C. asparagi, C. musae and C. fructus on the basis of the phylogenetic trees based on the D1/D2 region of 26S rDNA. However, the strains are notably different from C. asparagi, C. musae and C. fructus, in morphological and physiological characteristics. Therefore, the name Candida pruni is proposed for the novel species, with sp-Quan (=CBS12814T=KCTC 27526T=GCMC 6582T) as the type strain. Our study showed that Candida pruni is a novel yeast species with potential biocontrol against brown rot caused by M. fructicola on peaches.


Assuntos
Antibiose , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Candida/classificação , Candida/fisiologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Prunus/microbiologia , Candida/genética , Candida/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico/genética
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 13(2): 1747-61, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22408421

RESUMO

The current study was performed to investigate mitochondrial protection and anti-aging activity of Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) and the potential underlying mechanism. Lipid peroxidation of liver and brain mitochondria was induced by Fe(2+)-Vit C in vitro. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) colorimetry was used to measure the content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Mouse liver mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) was induced by calcium overload in vitro and spectrophotometry was used to measure it. The scavenging activities of APS on superoxide anion (O(2) (•-)) and hydroxyl radical (•OH), which were produced by reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-N-Methylphenazonium methyl sulfate (PMS) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-Fe(2+) system respectively, were measured by 4-nitrobluetetrazolium chloride (NBT) reduction and Fenton reaction colorimetry respectively. The Na(2)S(2)O(3) titration method was used to measure the scavenging activities of APS on H(2)O(2). APS could inhibit TBARS production, protect mitochondria from PT, and scavenge O(2) (•-), •OH and H(2)O(2) significantly in a concentration-dependent manner respectively. The back of the neck of mice was injected subcutaneously with D-galactose to induce aging at a dose of 100 mg/kg/d for seven weeks. Moreover, the activities of catalase (CAT), surperoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and anti-hydroxyl radical which were assayed by using commercial monitoring kits were increased significantly in vivo by APS. According to this research, APS protects mitochondria by scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS), inhibiting mitochondrial PT and increasing the activities of antioxidases. Therefore, APS has the effect of promoting health.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta)/química , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/ultraestrutura , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Membranas Mitocondriais/efeitos dos fármacos , Membranas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 39(4): 701-707, Dec. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-504310

RESUMO

Actinomyces strain A01 was isolated from soil of a vegetable field in the suburb of Beijing, China. According to the morphological, cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics, and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, strain A01 was identified as Streptomyces lydicus. In the antimicrobial spectrum test strain A01 presented a stable and strong inhibitory activity against several plant pathogenic fungi such as Fusarium oxysporum, Botrytis cinerea, Monilinia laxa, etc. However, no antibacterial activity was found. In pot experiments in greenhouse, the development of tomato gray mold was markedly suppressed by treatment with the fermentation broth of the strain A01, and the control efficacy was higher than those of Pyrimethanil and Polyoxin. A main antifungal compound (purity 99.503 percent) was obtained from the fermentation broth of strain A01 using column chromatography and HPLC. The chemical structural analysis with UV, IR, MS, and NMR confirmed that the compound produced by the strain A01 is natamycin, a polyene antibiotic produced by S. chattanovgensis, S. natalensis, and S. gilvosporeus, widely used as a natural biological preservative for food according to previous reports. The present study revealed a new producing strain of natamycin and its potential application as a biological control agent for fungal plant diseases.


A cepa Actinomyces A01 foi isolada do solo de um campo agrícola no subúrbio de Beijing, China. De acordo com as características morfológicas, culturais, fisiológicas e bioquímicas, e análise da sequência 16S rDNA , a cepa A01 foi identificada como Streptomyces lydicus. Nos testes de espectro antimicrobiano, a cepa A01 apresentou atividade inibitória intensa e estável contra vários fungos patogênicos para plantas, como Fusarium oxysporum, Botrytis cinerea, Monilia laxa, etc. Entretanto, não foi encontrada atividade antibacteriana. Em experimentos em estufas, o desenvolvimento do fungo cinza do tomate foi fortemente inibido pelo tratamento com o caldo de fermentação da cepa A01, com eficiência superior à do pyremethanil e polyoxin. Por cromatografia em coluna e HPLC, obteve-se um composto fúngico (pureza 99,503 por cento), cuja análise estrutural por UV, IR, MS e NMR revelou ser natamicina, um antibiótico polienico produzido por S. chattanovgensis, S. natalensis e S.gilvosporeus, empregado como conservador biológico natural em alimentos. O presente estudo relata a detecção de uma nova cepa produtora de natamicina e sua aplicação potencial como um agente de controle biológico de doenças fúngicas em plantas.


Assuntos
Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos , Sequência de Bases , Fermentação , Fungos Mitospóricos/isolamento & purificação , Micoses , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Doenças das Plantas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Métodos , Plantas , Solo , Técnicas
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12215799

RESUMO

Lp(a) receptor and LDL receptor on rhesus monkey liver cellular membrane were studied by Western blotting, to investigate whether Lp(a) and LDL metabolize through the same route. The experiment demonstrated Lp(a) receptor ( 300kD) and LDL receptor ( 185kD) to be different kinds of receptors. The result reveals that Lp(a) has its own metabolic pathway.

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