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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410014


Coal-based mercury pollution from power plants has received increasing attention. In a previous study, high iron and calcium coal ash (HICCA) was found as a promising oxygen carrier (OC) for chemical looping combustion (CLC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the catalytic effect of HICCA on Hg0 removal as well as the impacts of several gas impurities, such as HCl, SO2, and NO. Experiments on Hg0 removal efficiencies for different atmospheres were performed in the fixed-bed reactor at 850 °C. Based upon the characterization of BET, SEM, XRD, XPS, and EDS of reaction products, the reaction mechanisms of different gases with the HICCA samples were established. The mechanisms were further explained using the thermodynamic equilibrium calculations. The experimental results showed that the Hg0 removal efficiency using HICCA was 11.60%, while the corresponding value in the presence of 50 ppm HCl was 90.46%. Hg0 removal by HICCA involving HCl is mainly attributed to homogeneous reaction between Hg0 and HCl as well as the formation of reactive species (Cl, Cl2, Cl2O, O, S, and SCl2) through the reactions of HCl with Fe2O3 and CaSO4 in HICCA. The formation of C-Cl bond is not the main pathway for the promotional effect of HCl on Hg0 removal. SO2 played a negative role in Hg0 removal by HICCA. The inhibition of SO2 may be attributed to its effect on the reduction of Fe2O3 and its bonding with C-O, COOH, and C(O)-O-C. NO enhanced Hg0 removal by HICCA primarily through the homogeneous reactions of Hg0 with N2O and O. In addition, NO also interacted with HICCA and promoted the heterogeneous oxidation of Hg0 by producing more C-O, C=O, and COOH/C(O)-O-C on HICCA surface. This study proved the effectiveness of HICCA on Hg0 removal in iG-CLC and revealed the mechanisms of the interaction between HCl/SO2/NO and MxOy/CaSO4 as well as carbon-oxygen groups.

Data Brief ; 20: 535-543, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30197910


The dataset on equations and procedures for the estimation of detailed capital and annual costs for direct contact condenser are presented. Full dataset on four design cases relevant to the comparisons on the costs of air and oxy-fuel direct contact condenser is given. The data are presented in this format to allow the comparison with those from other researchers in this field. The data presented are related to the article entitled "A comparative study on the design of direct contact condenser for air and oxy-fuel combustion flue gas based on Callide Oxy-fuel Project" (Liu et al., 2018) [1].

Bioresour Technol ; 100(24): 6505-13, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19664917


In this paper, the effects of fluidization velocity, bed temperature and fuel feeding rate on the defluidization time and agglomerate fraction in the fluidized bed combustion of rice straw were studied. The fuel ash, necks in agglomerates and coating layers of bed particles were studied by means of the scanning electron microscope, coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). Results showed that the stickiness of bed particles induced by coating layers is the direct reason for bed defluidization. The alkali metals such as K and Na mainly exist in the outer layer of rice straw particles. During combustion the high temperature can cause the alkali species melting and coating the surfaces of ash particles. Consequently, ash particles become sticky and tend to adhere to the surfaces of bed particles. The large-sized ash particles may act as the necks in the formation of agglomerates. The small-sized ash particles may contribute to the formation of coating layers.

Biotecnologia/métodos , Oryza/química , Material Particulado/química , Álcalis/química , Elementos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Oryza/ultraestrutura , Análise Espectral , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
Chemosphere ; 76(9): 1199-205, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19577276


The influence of multicomponent additives on NO reduction by selective non-catalytic reduction process has been investigated experimentally in an electricity-heated tube reactor. The multicomponent additives are composed of two species of CO, CH(4) and H(2), and the molar ratio of their two components varies from 1/3 to 3/1. The results show that all the investigated additives could decrease the optimal temperature for NO reduction effectively, but the contributions of their components are different. The performance of multicomponent additive composed of CO and CH(4) depends mainly on CH(4) component. The function of CO component is shifting the temperature window for NO reduction to lower temperature slightly and narrowing the temperature window a little. The temperature window with multicomponent additive composed of H(2) and CH(4) is distinct from that with its each component, so both H(2) and CH(4) component make important contributions. While the fraction of CO is no more than that of H(2) in multicomponent additives composed of them, the performance of multicomponent additives is dominated by H(2) component; while the fraction of CO becomes larger, the influence of CO component becomes notable. Qualitatively the modeling results using a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism exhibit the same characteristics of the temperature window shift as observed experimentally. By reaction mechanism analysis, the distinct influences of CO, CH(4) or H(2) component on the property of multicomponent additive are mainly caused by the different production rates of (*)OH radical in their own oxidation process.

Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Gases/química , Óxido Nítrico/química , Algoritmos , Monóxido de Carbono/química , Cinética , Metano/química , Modelos Químicos , Oxirredução , Temperatura