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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 5710-5715, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128659

RESUMO

A nodal-line semimetal (NLSM) is suppressed in the presence of spin-orbit coupling unless it is protected by a nonsymmorphic symmetry. We show that two-dimensional (2D) materials can realize robust NLSMs when vacancies are introduced on the lattice. As a case study we investigate borophene, a boron honeycomb-like sheet. While the Dirac cones of pristine borophene are shown to be gapped out by spin-orbit coupling and by magnetic exchange, robust nodal lines (NLs) emerge in the spectrum when selected atoms are removed. We propose an effective 2D model and a symmetry analysis to demonstrate that these NLs are topological and protected by a nonsymmorphic glide plane. Our findings offer a paradigm shift to the design of NLSMs: instead of searching for nonsymmorphic materials, robust NLSMs may be realized simply by removing atoms from ordinary symmorphic crystals.

2.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 501-505, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102825

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical features of bloodstream infections (BSI) in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) during the first induction chemotherapy. Methods: The clinical data, pathogen of BSI, antibiotic susceptibility in vitro, complications and prognosis of 204 newly diagnosed AML children admitted to Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2009 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. χ2 test was used for the comparison between groups and Logistic regression was used for BSI risk factor analysis. Results: Among 204 patients, 116 were males and 88 were females. The age was 8 (ranged from 1 to 14) years. Among them, 170 patients received MAE chemotherapies (etoposide, mitoxantrone and cytarabine) and 25 received IAE chemotherapies (etoposide, idarubicin and cytarabine). The other 9 patients used granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-priming regimen (aclacinomycin or homoharringtonine, cytarabine and G-CSF) for induction treatments. A total of 28 patients experienced BSI and the incidence rate was 13.7% (28/204), 26 of them developed BSI once and 2 patients developed twice. Gram-positive bacteria were predominant pathogens accounting for 53.3% (16/30) while gram-negative bacteria accounting for 40.0% (12/30) and fungal accounted for 6.7% (2/30). The most common detected pathogens were Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (CoNS, 26.7% (8/30)), followed by Streptococcus spp. (13.3% (4/30)) and Escherichia coli (13.3% (4/30)). Among Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), 3 cases showed carbapenem resistance and 2 cases were Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. BSI-related mortality was 28.6% (8/28). Infections caused by drug-resistant GNB or fungi resulted in 6 fatal cases. The incidence rate of BSI in group with severe neutropenia was higher than in group without it (16.6% (25/151) vs. 5.7% (3/53), χ²=3.933, P=0.047). Multivariable analysis showed severe neutropenia at the onset of fever was independent risk factor of BSI (OR=4.258,95%CI 1.097-16.524,P=0.036). Conclusions: During the first induction chemotherapy courses, Gram-positive bacteria cause most of the BSI. Drug-resistant bacteria related infection often result in fatal outcomes. Severe neutropenia is a significant risk factor.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Sepse , Adolescente , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) induced by diabetes results in further brain injury and nerve cell death. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation contributes to attenuating neurological deficits after ICH. This study investigated the mechanism of extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from BMSCs in reducing neuroinflammation after diabetic ICH. METHODS: BMSC-EVs were isolated and identified. The rat model of db/db-ICH was established and the model rats were administered with EVs. miR-183-5p expression in brain tissues of db/db-ICH rats was detected. The brain injury of db/db-ICH rats was evaluated by measuring neurobehavioral score, brain water content and inflammatory factors. BV2 cells were cultured in vitro to establish high-glucose (HG)-Hemin-BV2 cell model. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory factors in BV2 cells were measured, and BV2 cell viability and apoptosis were assessed. The targeting relationship between miR-183-5p and PDCD4 was predicted and verified. The activation of PDCD4/NLRP3 pathway in rat brain tissues and BV2 cells was detected. RESULTS: miR-183-5p expression was reduced in db/db-ICH rats brain tissues. BMSC-EVs ameliorated cranial nerve function, decreased brain water content and repressed inflammatory response by carrying miR-183-5p. BMSC-EVs mitigated HG-Hemin-BV2 cell injury, reduced ROS level and suppressed inflammatory response. miR-183-5p targeted PDCD4. PDCD4 promoted BV2 cell inflammation by activating the NLRP3 pathway. BMSC-EVs inhibited HG-Hemin-BV2 cell inflammation through the miR-183-5p/PDCD4/NLRP3 pathway, and inhibition of miR-183-5p reversed the protective effect of EVs. CONCLUSION: BMSC-EVs carried miR-183-5p into db/db-ICH rat brain tissues and repressed the NLRP3 pathway by targeting PDCD4, thus alleviating neuroinflammation after diabetic ICH.

4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 516-522, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034469

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is a kind of primary malignant tumor of bone originated from mesenchymal tissue, which mainly occurs in children and adolescents, and presents the characteristics of high malignancy, rapid growth, early metastasis and poor prognosis. Currently, most of the studies at home and abroad mainly focused on therapeutic procedures. However, reliable prediction indices or evaluation systems are also pivotal for monitoring disease change, guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis. Multiple clinical predictors have been reported to be related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma, which can be roughly divided into 9 categories according to their characteristics. Each kind of predictor owns its inherent advantage and disadvantage, and full understanding of them and their characteristics can be helpful to improve the prognosis of osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteossarcoma , Adolescente , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Osso e Ossos , Criança , Humanos , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Prognóstico
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 426-432, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000772

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis of gastric adenocarcinoma patients with and without neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) after radical gastrectomy plus D2 lymph node dissection. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients who underwent radical resection of gastric cancer plus D2 lymph node dissection and were confirmed as gastric adenocarcinoma by postoperative pathology and received immunohistochemical examination of neuroendocrine markers Syn and/or CgA; (2) patients aged 20 to 75 years with normal organ function; (3) patients who did not receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy before operation; (4) patients with postoperative pathological stage I to III according to the 8th edition of tumor staging system of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC); and (5) patients who completed adjuvant chemotherapy according to the postoperative pathological stage. Those who had other malignant tumors in the past 5 years and who could not be followed up according to the required rules were excluded. According to the above criteria, the clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer patients who underwent radical resection plus D2 lymph node dissection in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2010 to June 2017 were collected and compared. All patients were followed up till June 2020. The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between the patients with and without NED were compared, and the effect of NED on the prognosis was corrected by Cox proportional hazards model. The propensity score matching method was used for sensitivity analysis. Results: A total of 539 patients were enrolled in this study, including 35 with NED and 504 without NED. Compared with the patients without NED, the patients with NED were older [(65.0±7.5) years vs. (54.5±11.3) years, t=-7.681, P<0.001], had higher proportion of undergoing proximal gastrectomy [22.9% (8/35) vs. 7.6% (36/504), χ(2)=10.335, P=0.006], higher proportion of intestinal-type based on Lauren classification [77.1% (27/35) vs. 42.5% (214/504), χ(2)=14.553, P<0.001], and higher proportion of pathologic stage III [65.7% (23/35) vs. 27.6% (139/504), χ(2)=25.653, P<0.001]. The 3-year DFS of patients with NED and those without NED was 48.9% (95% CI: 33.8%-70.8%) and 37.4% (95% CI: 32.9%-42.5%) respectively, and no significant difference was found (P=0.44). The 3-year OS was 56.1% (95% CI: 39.9%-79.1%) and 64.3% (95% CI: 59.3%-69.7%) respectively, and no significant difference was found as well (P=0.32). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that NED was not an independent risk factor for DFS and OS (all P>0.05). Sensitivity analysis showed that there was no significant difference in DFS and OS between the two groups after propensity score matching. Conclusion: Compared with patients without NED, patients with NED were older at onset, had a higher proportion of proximal gastrectomy, intestinal-type, and later diagnostic stage, but the survival prognosis had no significant difference with that of patients without NED.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Adulto , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 383-386, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000765

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China, and with the popularity of gastroscopy in recent years, the proportion of early gastric cancer is increasing gradually. Through standardized endoscopic and/or surgical treatment, patients with early gastric cancer usually have a favorable prognosis, which will inevitably lead to higher demands for postoperative quality of life. Based on this situation, function-preserving gastrectomy (FPG) has become a focus in the treatment of early gastric cancer for the purpose of improving the quality of life. The "Chinese expert consensus on function-preserving gastrectomy for early gastric cancer (2021)" will guide surgeons to perform standardized FPG, and ensure the maximum quality of life for the patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , China , Consenso , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
7.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(2): 189-194, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the differentially expressed proteins between cypermethrin-resistant and -sensitive Culex pipiens pallens, so as to unravel the mechanism underlying the resistance to cypermethrin in Cx. p. pallens. METHODS: A quantitative proteomic analysis was performed among cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling coupled with liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). RESULTS: A total of 164 differentially expressed proteins were identified between cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens, including 54 up-regulated proteins and 110 down-regulated proteins. A large number of cuticular proteins, larval cuticular proteins, pupal cuticular proteins and cuticular structural constituent proteins, which are associated with cytoskeletal structure and components, were differentially expressed between cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens. Thirteen proteins, which were involved in energy production and conversion, translation, ribosomal structure and biogenesis, lipid transport and metabolism, post-translational modification, protein turnover, chaperones, cytoskeleton and intracellular transportation, were validated to be differentially expressed between cypermethrin-sensitive and -resistant isolates of Cx. p. pallens, which may serve as potential markers of cypermethrin resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple insecticide resistance mechanisms contribute to the resistance to cypermethrin in Cx. p. pallens, including cuticular resistance and metabolic resistance, and the cuticular protein genes and cytochrome P450 enzymes may play an important role in the resistance of Cx. p. pallens to cypermethrin.


Assuntos
Culex , Inseticidas , Piretrinas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Proteômica , Piretrinas/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043214

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between urinary complement proteins and renal outcome in biopsy-proven diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS: Untargeted proteomic and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional analyses and targeted proteomic analysis using parallel reaction-monitoring (PRM)-mass spectrometry was performed to determine the abundance of urinary complement proteins in healthy controls, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, and patients with T2DM and biopsy-proven DN. The abundance of each urinary complement protein was individually included in Cox proportional hazards models for predicting progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). RESULTS: Untargeted proteomic and functional analysis using the KEGG showed that differentially expressed urinary proteins were primarily associated with the complement and coagulation cascades. Subsequent urinary complement proteins quantification using PRM showed that urinary abundances of C3, C9, and complement factor H (CFAH) correlated negatively with annual estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline, while urinary abundances of C5, decay-accelerating factor (DAF), and CD59 correlated positively with annual rate of eGFR decline. Furthermore, higher urinary abundance of CFAH and lower urinary abundance of DAF were independently associated with greater risk of progression to ESRD. Urinary abundance of CFAH and DAF had a larger area under the curve (AUC) than that of eGFR, proteinuria, or any pathological parameter. Moreover, the model that included CFAH or DAF had a larger AUC than that with only clinical or pathological parameters. CONCLUSION: Urinary abundance of complement proteins was significantly associated with ESRD in patients with T2DM and biopsy-proven DN, indicating that therapeutically targeting the complement pathway may alleviate progression of DN.

9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 589-590, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034481
10.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 396-400, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915631

RESUMO

Endovascular aortic arch repair provides treatment opportunity for patients with aortic arch dissection and aneurysm who are intolerant to open surgery. The aortic arch branches provide the blood flow for brain, the revascularization of these branches is part and parcel of the endovascular aortic arch repair. The anatomical configuration, high-speed blood flow and long access from femoral artery increase the difficulty of endovascular aortic arch repair. Debranch technique, combined with chimney, scallop, and fenestration, have partially simplified the endovascular aortic arch repair. The dedicated endografts for aortic arch is becoming a research focus. In the design of aortic arch endografts, fenestrated and branched stent-grafts are the two main strategies. A variety of innovative concepts have been applied in the design of aortic arch endografts, including modular and integrated design, inner branch and outer branch design, single branch and multi-branch design, etc. Today, these procedures of complex endovascular aortic arch repair still need to be limited to experienced centers. Endovascular aortic arch repair showed favorable short-term outcomes through the development of strict surgical plans, as well as effective teamwork. Long-term efficacy and safety in larger participants need further investigation.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880724

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report long-term results of a randomized trial comparing accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) to whole-breast irradiation (WBI) in terms of efficacy, toxicity, and cosmesis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: WBI group was treated with 3D conformal external irradiation, 2 Gy daily/fraction, 5 fractions/week, to a total dose of 50 Gy. APBI group was treated with 3D conformal external irradiation 3.75 Gy/fraction, twice a day, 5 fractions/week, to a total dose of 37.5 Gy in the APBI group. Patients were followed up every 6 months up to 5 years and yearly thereafter. During follow-up visits, the clinician evaluated chronic toxicity and scored cosmetic results with a four-scale system. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 10.3 years, 43 patients in each group (84%) are alive without disease. One patient died after disease progression in the APBI arm, and there was no death in the WBI arm. The rest of the patients died from another disease different than breast cancer, similarly between groups. There was greater fibrosis in the APBI group (9 patients grade 1 and one grade 2) compared to WBI (3 patients grade 1 and one grade 2); p = 0.18. Regarding cosmesis, in APBI group, 19 and 21 (43.2 and 47%) patients had excellent or good results, similar to the WBI group with 18 patients (40.9%) in each cosmesis outcome. The WBI group did not have any patient with poor cosmesis but the APBI had 3 (6.8%; p = 0.24). CONCLUSION: After a follow-up of 10 years, there were no differences in efficacy between the 2 treatment arms. Despite slight greater toxicity in the APBI group, the cosmesis was similar and satisfactory in both groups.

12.
Vascular ; : 17085381211003776, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy of endovascular treatment for iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) with or without acute deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 300 IVCS patients, who received endovascular treatment between January 2013 and December 2017. According to whether IVCS was complicated by deep venous thrombosis or not, these patients were divided into non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion group (NIVL group, n = 127) and post-thrombotic iliac vein lesion group (PIVL group, n = 173). After endovascular treatment, all patients were followed up to assess the symptoms improvement and to evaluate the patency of iliac vein. RESULTS: The technical success rate was 98% (294/300), and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting was adopted in 294 cases. The incidence of perioperative complications was 36.33% (109/300), but no severe complications occurred. During a mean follow-up of 22.3 months (range 6-30 months), 9(6.82%, 9/132) patients in PIVL group had recurrence of deep venous thrombosis, but nobody had deep venous thrombosis and varicose veins recurrence in NIVL group. The effective rate of endovascular treatment in NIVL group and PIVL group was 96.88% and 90.15% (P = 0.050), while the cumulative primary patency of iliac vein in NIVL group was significantly higher than that in PIVL group (P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: The endovascular treatment is an effective, feasible, safe method for treating IVCS. There is no difference in the efficacy of IVCS patients with or without deep venous thrombosis, but the medium and long-term patency of patients with deep venous thrombosis is lower than that in patients without deep venous thrombosis.

13.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(4): 319-326, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878821

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment regarding the protection of defecation function in Chinese surgeons performing sphincter-preserving resections (SPR) for rectal cancer in order to discover the problems existing in the function protection during SPR and provide support and reference for the standardized clinical management of rectal cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed. Colorectal surgeons who obtained the medical qualifications and volunteered to participate in this study were included, and respondents with incomplete information were excluded. From October 18 to 22, 2020, randomized sampling was conducted among Chinese colorectal surgeons from Chinese Association of Colorectal Surgeons, Chinese Colorectal Cancer Committee, Chinese Sexology Association Anal functional Surgery Committee and National Health Commission Capacity Building and Continuing Education Committee. The questionnaire included basic information of the respondents, assessment of defecation function before SPR, intraoperative details, postoperative follow-up, evaluation and intervention of patients with low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Observation indicator: results of the questionnaire survey. Result: A total of 231 questionnaires were collected, and 230 were effective, with an effective rate of 99.6%. Among these participants, 217 (94.3%) were males; 107 (46.5%) had medical doctor degrees; 129 (56.1%) were national commission members in colorectal surgery; 137 (59.6%) performed more than 50 SPR operations per year; 211 (91.7%) assessed defection function by auxiliary examinations before SPR. Rigid sigmoidoscopy (n=116, 55.0%) and anorectal manometer (n=81, 38.4%) were the most commonly used method. Among the 230 respondents, 64.8% (n=149) of surgeons used 2D laparoscopy for SPR surgery most commonly, and 51.3% (n=118) of surgeons performed direct colorectal anastomosis for reconstruction, and 98.3% (n=226) used staplers during anastomosis. All the surgeons indicated that they would follow up patients after SPR, and outpatient clinic was the most common method (84.4%, 184/230). When LARS occurred, 50.0% (115/230) of surgeons chose defecation function scale and 78.7% (181/230) actively provided guidance and intervention for patients. Conclusions: Chinese colorectal surgeons still have shortcomings in the protection of defecation function during SPR for rectal cancer. They do not make enough preoperative functional evaluation and postoperative functional recovery estimate for patients. The knowledge and use of defecation function scales and interventions on LARS are expected to be standardized.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Cirurgiões , Canal Anal/cirurgia , China , Estudos Transversais , Defecação , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Síndrome
14.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(4): 372-376, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878829

RESUMO

Straight coloanal anastomosis (SCA), colonic J-pouch anastomosis (CJP), transverse coloplasty pouch anastomosis (TCP), and side-to-end anastomosis (SEA) are the most commonly used procedures of bowel reconstructions in the low anterior resections (LAR) of rectal cancer. Different bowel reconstruction procedures greatly affect postoperative bowel function, urinary function and sexual function. SCA is the most traditional procedure. CJP has been studied extensively and well-developed reconstruction method; however, recent studies have shown that CJP has the highest morbidity of complications, so the clinical application of CJP is limited. SEA is not inferior to CJP and SCA in the short-term and long-term defecation function, urination function, and sexual function, with reliable operational safety, so it is expected to become an alternative to SCA and CJP. The research on TCP is lacking, but there are some related clinical trials currently underway, and the results are worth expecting. The improvement and innovation of bowel reconstructions provide a bright prospect for better functional prognosis in patients with rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Bolsas Cólicas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Protectomia , Proctocolectomia Restauradora , Neoplasias Retais , Canal Anal , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(4): 410-415, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Frailty is known to be influenced by genetics, however, little evidence on the association of Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype and frailty exists which we aim to investigate. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional analysis from a prospective longitudinal study cohort. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 55 years and older from Beijing region in China. MEASUREMENTS: A total of 3,569 older adults with a mean age of 75.06(±6.79) years were included. We investigated the association between ApoE polymorphism and frailty syndrome using the frailty index (FI) and frailty phenotype (including association with individual components of the frailty phenotype). Logistic regressions were performed to investigate the relation between ApoE variants and frailty. RESULTS: There was no significant association between ApoE variants and frailty as assessed by the FI. In the age and sex-adjusted model, compared to the ApoE e3/e3 carriers ApoE e4 carriers had almost 1.5 times higher odds of being frail as assessed by the frailty phenotype. However, the significance was lost on the model with adjustment for cognitive impairment. Compared to the ApoE e3/e3 carriers ApoE e4 carriers had almost two times higher odds of fatigue. ApoE e4 heterozygotes had higher odds of fatigue compared to ApoE e4 non-carriers. No significant association was found between ApoE variants and other components of frailty phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support an association between ApoE genotype and frailty irrespective of the frailty assessment tools. Fatigue in older adults is the only component of frailty phenotype influenced by ApoE genotype.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Fadiga/genética , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(3): 1330-1338, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of high-mobility group nucleosome-binding domain 5 (HMGN5) in colorectal cancer tissues, to explore the function of HMGN5 on the proliferation and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells, and to further study the molecular mechanism of HMGN5 in the malignant progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cancer tissues and para-carcinoma tissues were harvested from 40 patients with CRC. The expression of HMGN5 was detected via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the relation between HMGN5 and clinical indexes of CRC patients was further analyzed. The CRC HT29 and HCT116 cell lines with high expression levels of HMGN5 were selected, and the HMGN5 knockdown model was established. The functions of HMGN5 on CRC cells were stated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and transwell migration assay. Then, the association between HMGN5 and fibroblast growth factor 12 (FGF12) was further explored via Dual-Luciferase reporter assay and reverse assay. RESULTS: The qRT-PCR showed that HMGN5 expression was significantly rising in cancer tissues compared to the control group. The incidence rate of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis was higher in higher expression HMGN5 group than the lower expression HMGN5 group. The results of cell function experiments revealed that silence of HMGN5 could suppress the proliferation and migration of HT29 and HCT116. In addition, it was found using qRT-PCR that knockdown of HMGN5 could significantly down-regulate the expressions of FGF12, FGFR, PI3K and AKT in HT29 and HCT116 cells. The targeted binding relation between HMGN5 and FGF12 was also indicated by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. The consequence of qRT-PCR manifested that FGF12 expression markedly rose in CRC tissues, which had a positive correlation with HMGN5. Moreover, reverse assay indicated that the inhibitory effect of HMGN5 knockdown on the malignant progression of CRC could be reversed by recombinant FGF12, indicating once again that there is a mutual regulatory effect between HMGN5 and FGF12. CONCLUSIONS: HMGN5 can increase the proliferative and migrative capacity of CRC cells via targeted binding to FGF12. In addition, clinical data analyses demonstrate that HMGN5 is intimately related to the incidence rate of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis in patients with CRC.

17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(7): 481-486, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631892

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic efficacy and potential application value of deep learning-based chest CT auxiliary diagnosis system in emergency trauma patients. Methods: A total of 403 patients, including 254 males and 149 females aged from 16 to 100 (50±19) years, who received emergency treatment for trauma and chest CT examination in the Eastern Theater General Hospital from September 2019 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Dr. Wise Lung Analyzer's chest CT auxiliary diagnosis system was applied to detect 5 types of injuries, including pneumothorax, pleural effusion/hemothorax, pulmonary contusion (shown as consolidation and ground glass opacity), rib fractures, and other fractures (including thoracic vertebrae, sternum, scapula and clavicle, etc.) and 6 other abnormalities (bullae, emphysema, pulmonary nodules, stripe, reticulation, pleural thickening). The diagnostic reference standards were labeled by two radiologists independently. The sensitivity and specificity of the auxiliary diagnosis system were evaluated. The imaging diagnostic reports were compared with the results of the auxiliary diagnosis system, and the diagnostic consistency between the two was calculated by using the Kappa test. Results: According to the reference standards, among the 403 patients, 29 were pneumothorax, 75 were pleural effusion/hemothorax, 131 were pulmonary contusion, 124 were rib fractures, and 63 were other fractures. The sensitivity and specificity of the auxiliary diagnosis system for detection of pneumothorax, pleural effusion/hemothorax, rib fractures, and other fractures were 96.6%, 97.6%, 80.0%, 99.7%, 99.2%, 83.9%, 84.1%, and 99.7%, respectively. The sensitivity of detecting lung contusion was 97.7%. There was a high consistency between the auxiliary diagnosis system and imaging diagnosis in the diagnosis of injuries, in which the kappa values of pneumothorax, pleural effusion, rib fracture and other fractures were 0.783, 0.821, 0.706 and 0.813, respectively (all P<0.001). Two cases of pneumothorax, three cases of pleural effusion/hemothorax, nine cases of rib fractures, and six cases of other fractures missed by imaging diagnosis were all detected by the auxiliary diagnosis system. The detection sensitivity of the auxiliary diagnosis system was higher for emphysema, pulmonary nodules and stripe (all>85%), but lower for bullae, reticulation and pleural thickening. Conclusions: The deep learning-based chest CT auxiliary diagnosis system could effectively assist chest CT to detect injuries in emergency trauma patients, which was expected to optimize the clinical workflow.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Traumatismos Torácicos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos Torácicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(2): 165-169, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611903

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the main triggers of recurrent cardiac events in patients with symptomatic congenital long QT syndrome (cLQTS). Methods: In this retrospective case analysis study, clinical characteristics were reviewed from 38 patients with recurrent cardiac events after first visit out of 66 symptomatic cLQTS patients. General clinical data such as gender, age, clinical presentation, family history and treatment were collected, auxiliary examination results such as electrocardiogram and gene detection were analyzed. LQTS-related cardiac events were defined as arrhythmogenic syncope, implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shock, inappropriate ICD shock, aborted cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac death or ventricular tachycardia. Results: A total of 38 patients with recurrent symptoms were enrolled in this study, including 30 females (79%) and 14 children (37%). The average age of onset was (15.6±14.6) years, and the recurrence time was (3.6±3.5) years. Subtype analysis showed that there were 11 cases (29%) of LQT1 (including 2 cases of jervel-Lange Nielson syndrome), 19 cases (50%) of LQT2, 5 cases (13%) of LQT3 and 3 cases (8%) of other rare subtypes (1 LQT5, 1 LQT7 and 1 LQT11) in this patient cohort. LQT1 patients experienced recurrent cardiac event due to drug withdrawal (6 (55%)), specific triggers (exercise and emotional excitement) (4 (36%)) and medication adjustment (1 (9%)). For LQT2 patients, main triggers for cardiac events were drug withdrawal (16 (84%)), specific triggers (shock, sound stimulation, waking up (6 (32%)). One patient (5%) had recurrent syncope after pregnancy. One patient (20%) had inappropriate ICD shock. For LQT3 patients, 4 (80%) patients developed syncope during resting state, and 1 (20%) developed ventricular tachycardia during exercise test. One LQT5 patients experienced syncope and ICD shock under specific triggers (emotional excitement). One LQT11 patient had repeated ICD shocks under specific inducement (fatigue). One LQT7 patient experienced inappropriate ICD shock. Left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) significantly alleviated the symptoms in 2 children with Jervell-Lange Nielson syndrome (JLNS) post ineffective ß-blocker medication. Nadolol succeeded in eliminating cardiac events in one patient with LQT2 post ineffective metoprolol medication. Mexiletine significantly improved symptoms in 2 patients with LQT2 post ineffective ß-blocker medication. Conclusions: Medication withdrawal is an important trigger of the recurrence of cardiac events among patients with symptomatic congenital long QT syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome do QT Longo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(1): 42-48, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499568

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) gel in combination with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) technology in repairing refractory wounds. Methods: From March 2011 to January 2015, 44 patients with refractory wounds meeting the inclusion criteria were recruited into VSD alone group, who were admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang and received intermittent VSD treatment. From February 2015 to September 2019, 43 patients with refractory wounds meeting the inclusion criteria were recruited into PRP+ VSD group, who were admitted to the same unit as above-mentioned and received PRP combined with intermittent VSD treatment. The retrospective cohort study was conducted. There were 24 males and 20 females with age of (37.5±2.2) years in VSD alone group, and there were 25 males and 18 females with age of (37.0±2.5) years in PRP+ VSD group. The wound exudate of patients in the two groups before and 7 and 14 d after the first treatment were collected for bacterial culture, and the positive rate of bacterial culture was calculated. The wound healing of patients in the two groups was observed on 7, 14, and 21 d after the first treatment, and the wound healing rate was calculated. The complete wound healing time of patients in the two groups was recorded. The degree of wound pain of patients in the two groups was evaluated by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) before and 14 d after the first treatment. The scar hyperplasia of patients in the two groups was evaluated by the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) in 1 and 2 months after the wound healed completely. The occurrence of adverse reactions of patients in the two groups during the whole period of treatment was observed and the incidence of adverse reactions was calculated. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, chi-square test, paired t test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: The positive rates of bacterial culture in wound exudate of patients in PRP+ VSD on 7 and 14 d after the first treatment were 37.2% (16/43) and 11.6% (5/43), which were significantly lower than 56.8% (25/44) and 29.5% (13/44) in VSD alone group, χ(2)=4.212, 4.255, P<0.05. The wound healing rates of patients in PRP+ VSD group on 7 and 14, and 21 d after the first treatment were respectively (58±14)%, (70±13)%, (89±12)%, which were significantly higher than (41±11)%, (60±11)%, (74±12)% in VSD alone group, t=6.323, 3.820, 5.751, P<0.01. The complete wound healing time of patients in PRP+ VSD group was (30±6) d, which was significantly shorter than (61±8) d in VSD alone group, t=20.890, P<0.05. The VAS score of patients in PRP+ VSD group was significantly lower than that in VSD alone group on 14 d after the first treatment (t=13.904, P<0.01). The VSS score of patients in PRP+ VSD group was significantly lower than that in VSD alone group in 1 and 2 months after the wound healed completely (t=3.307, 3.637, P<0.01). The incidence of adverse reactions of patients in PRP+ VSD group during the whole period of treatment was 7.0% (3/43), which was significantly lower than 22.7% (10/44) in VSD alone group, χ(2)=4.245, P<0.05. Conclusions: Autologous PRP gel combined with VSD technology in repairing refractory wounds not only has good bacteriostatic effect, but also can increase wound healing rate, shorten wound healing time, alleviate wound pain, reduce scar hyperplasia, with less adverse reaction, which is worthy of promotion.


Assuntos
Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Adulto , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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