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1.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(5): 454-457, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392929

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical and pathologic factors of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and its significance as a histopathologic subtype of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A retrospective study of 719 patients with non-high-risk PTMC who underwent surgery for the first time in the Peking University People's Hospital from January 2007 to June 2019 was conducted, the relationship between clinicopathologic factors and lymph node metastasis, and the expression of four tumor markers CK19, HMBE1, Galectin-3 and CD56 by immunohistochemistry were evaluated. Some comparisons were made with PTC. Results: The peak patients' age was 40-49 years for both non-high-risk PTMC and PTC; the lymph node metastasis rate was higher in the 30-39 years age group than the 50-59 years age group (P<0.05); the lymph nodes metastasis rate was significantly higher for multiple lesions than for single lesion (P<0.05). Lymph node metastasis rate of PTMC with capsular invasion was significantly higher than those without (P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between lymph node metastasis of PTMC and patients' gender, tumor location, tumor size, and lymphocytic thyroiditis. The expression rates of CK19, HMBE1 and Galectin-3 both in PTMC and PTC were 100%, and the expression rates of CD56 were 25.6% (85/332) and 20.0% (70/350) respectively. Conclusion: As the main pathologic subtype of PTC, a variety of clinicopathologic factors of PTMC are related to lymph node metastasis, and it is highly recommended to pay close attention to PTMC. The expression of tumor marker CD56 alone cannot be used as a basis to exclude PTMC and PTC.

2.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 374-380, 2020 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392952

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility and safety of minimally invasive surfactant administration (MISA) in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Methods: In this multicenter prospective randomized controlled trial, 92 preterm infants with gestation age ≤30 weeks and diagnosed with NRDS were enrolled in 8 level Ⅲ neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region from 1(st) July 2017 to 31(st) December 2018. They were randomly assigned to minimally invasive surfactant administration (MISA) group or endotracheal intubation surfactant administration (EISA) group according to random number generated by computer. Infants in both groups received calf pulmonary surfactant preparation at a dose of 70-100 mg/kg. The data of demography, perinatal situation, medication administration, complications, clinical outcomes in the two groups were compared with Chi-square test, Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test or Fisher's exact test. Results: Among the 92 preterm infants, 53 were males, 39 were females; 47 were in the MISA group (25 males), and 45 were in the EISA group (28 males). The gestational age and birth weight were (29.5±1.2) weeks and (1 271±242) g in all patients, (29.5±1.4) weeks and (1 285±256) g in the MISA group, and (29.6±0.9) weeks and (1 255±227) g in the EISA group. The duration of surfactant infusion and the length of whole procedure in the MISA group were significantly longer than that in the EISA group (60 (18, 270) s vs. 50 (30, 60) s, Z=3.009, P=0.003; 90 (60, 300) s vs. 60 (44, 270) s, Z=3.365, P=0.001). For the outcomes, the incidence of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) were lower in the MISA group than in the EISA group (36% (17/47) vs. 67% (30/45), χ(2)=8.556, P=0.003; 26% (12/47) vs. 47% (21/45), χ(2)=4.464, P=0.035). Conclusions: Minimally invasive surfactant administration is applicable in preterm infants ≤30 weeks gestational age with NRDS. Although the length of whole procedure is longer than route endotracheal administration, the benefit of decreasing the incidences of hsPDA and BPD outweighs this demerit.

3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 387-391, 2020 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392954

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current situation of human milk (HM) feeding in hospitalized very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Methods: The study retrospectively extracted the data of 601 infants with birth weight <1 500 g, and admitted within 24 hours after birth to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. The infants were grouped into exclusive mother's-own-milk (MOM) group, donor human milk (DHM) group (partial or none MOM), and mixed (HM and formula) feeding group according to the feeding strategy. Qualitative and quantitative variables in the three groups were compared with One-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, Chi-square test or Fisher exact test. Kappa and McNemar test were used for consistency testing. Results: Among the 601 infants (309 boys and 292 girls), 6 (1.0%) infants had never been fed with MOM. The gestational age and birth weight were (29.3±1.9) weeks and 1 260(1 115, 1 400) g in 601 infants. A total of 8 (1.3%) infants were grouped into MOM group, 542 (90.2%) were grouped into DHM group, and 51 (8.5%) were grouped into mixed feeding group. The percentage of enteral feedings with MOM in the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d, 8-14 d and 15-28 d were 73.6% (42.9%, 86.7%), 97.5% (78.6%, 100.0%) and 99.3% (93.0%, 100.0%), respectively (H=414.95, P<0.01), and the pairwise comparison suggested that the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d was the lowest (adjusted both P<0.05). The average weight adjusted daily dose of MOM were 9.7 (4.3, 18.2), 59.1 (26.5, 93.5) and 116.0 (60.3, 142.6) ml/(kg·d) in the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d, 8-14 d and 15-28 d, respectively (H=759.75, P<0.01), and the pairwise comparison suggested that the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d was the lowest (adjusted both P<0.05). The weight adjusted daily dose of MOM in exclusive MOM group, DHM and Mixed feeding group were 95.2 (40.0, 117.2), 82.9(53.6, 103.1) and 55.7 (16.6, 97.5) ml/(kg·d), respectively (H=10.78, P=0.005).Additionally, the percentage and weight adjusted daily dose of MOM showed a general consistency of 0.703 (P>0.05, Kappa=0.408). Conclusions: The rate of exclusive MOM feeding is low, especially during the first 7 days of hospitalization. The percentage of total enteral feedings with MOM and the average weight adjusted daily dose of MOM can well evaluate the situation of HM feeding during hospitalization quantitively.

4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 357-360, 2020 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392981
5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(4): 319-325, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32403884

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics among types of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and explore the new classification criteria for judging the prognosis of acute-on-chronic liver failure, so as to provide a basis for the formulation of more precise therapeutic schedule. Methods: 388 cases with ACLF diagnosed in two tertiary level hospitals were included. Patients demographic characteristics, clinical examination information, diagnostic and treatment process information were collected. Laboratory examination data of day 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, 28 and of week 12 or prior to discharge after improvement and at 24 h prior to liver transplantation or death from the diagnosis of ACLF were collected. According to the change trend of the patient's prothrombin activity (PTA), the changes within 4 weeks and 12 weeks were divided into: increased to > 40 %, increase but still ≤ 40%, progressively decreasing or not continuously rising. Moreover, the change trend of total bilirubin (TBil) was divided into: decreasing degree≥50%, decreasing degree < 50%, progressively increasing or not decreasing. Patients meeting the requirements of dynamic classification were screened. PTA and TBil variation tendency of each patient at week 4 and 12 was synthesized, and prognostic condition for dynamic classification was formulated. The clinical characteristics of ACLF patients were analyzed by χ (2) test. Results: A total of 262 screened cases were enrolled. At the 4th week of the course of disease, 45% of the patients' PTA had increased to > 40%, and 40.8% of the patients' TBIL had decreased by 50%. When the course of disease was progressed to 12 weeks, 65.3% of the patients' PTA had increased to > 40%, and 63.4% of the patients' TBIL had decreased by 50%. Combined with the prognosis of the patients at the 4th and 12th week, the patients' disease evolution process was divided into five types: Type A: 60 cases (22.9%) of rapid progression; Type B: 82 cases (31.3%) of rapid recovery; Type C: 48 cases (18.3%) of slow progression; Type D: 43 cases (16.4%) of slow recovering; Type E: 29 cases (11.1%) of slow persistence. The proportions of patients with rapid progression combined with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatic encephalopathy, and acute renal injury were 16.7%, 33.3%, and 33.3%, respectively; while the above-mentioned complications accounted for 3.7%, 7.3%, and 12.2% only in the rapid recovery type, χ (2) = 14.411, 20.060, 12.140, P < 0.05, and the differences were statistically significant. Fungal infection rates were 21.7%, and 10.4% in patients who died of disease or liver transplantation (i.e., patients with rapid progression and slow-progressing types), respectively, and 1.2%, 14%, and 6.9% in patients with rapid progression type, slow-recovering type, and slow persistence type, respectively, and the difference between the rapid progression type and the rapid recovery type was significant, χ (2) = 18.925, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The course of disease progression in ACLF patients can be divided into rapid progression type, rapid recovery type, slow progression type, slow recovering type, and slow persistence type. The basis of liver disease, accompanied with fungal infection, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatic encephalopathy and acute renal injury can affect the development of ACLF.

6.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 24(3): 287-294, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The quality of paediatric clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the management of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is unclear. We aimed to comprehensively assess the quality of these CPGs and identify areas requiring improvement.DESIGN: CPGs were systematically searched and identified before being appraised by independent reviewers using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) and Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in HealThcare (RIGHT) tools. Inter-rater reliability was assessed using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC).RESULTS: Twenty-five CPGs were evaluated. All CPG agreements among four reviewers were good (ICC 0.753-0.939). The mean CPG score was 50.5% (23.5-78.4%), and seven CPGs were recommended for use. The mean scores of three domains were low: 38% for stakeholder involvement (5.6-93.1%), 38.4% for rigour of development (1-97.4%) and 36.3% for applicability (12.5-64.6%). The mean reporting rate of Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in HealThcare fields was 41.8%, and the evidence field had the highest reporting rate (63.1%), while the review and quality assurance field had the lowest rate (15.4%) for CPGs that include methods.CONCLUSION: The methodological and reporting quality of the CPGs was variable and poor, respectively. More effort is needed in stakeholder involvement, rigour of development, applicability domains and reporting to produce higher-quality CPGs.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 2836-2842, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of osteopontin (OPN) on the chondrocyte proliferation in osteoarthritis (OA) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided in the control group (n=10), model group (n=10), and OPN knockdown group (n=10). No treatment was performed in the control group, while OA rats were administrated with control adenovirus in the model group and OPN knockdown adenovirus in the OPN knockdown group. After sampling, the degree of OA was evaluated via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the mRNA expression of OPN was detected. Moreover, the expression of the proliferation-associated protein cyclin D1 was detected using immunohistochemistry. The chondrocytes were isolated from the normal rats, cultured, and transfected with OPN overexpression vector or si-OPN. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was adopted to determine the proliferative capacity of chondrocytes, and Caspase3 activity was measured to evaluate the changes in the apoptotic capacity of chondrocytes. Meanwhile, Western blotting was performed to verify the influences of OPN on the pathways on chondrocyte proliferation. RESULTS: After the OA model was established, the expression level of OPN significantly increased. According to HE staining results, OPN knockdown effectively inhibited the onset of OA. Compared with that in the control group, the expression level of cyclin D1 in the model group was raised. However, upregulated cyclin D1 in OA rats was repressed in OPN knockdown group. OPN overexpression promoted the proliferation of chondrocytes, but suppressed their apoptosis, while OPN knockdown had the opposite effects. Besides, OPN overexpression upregulated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and NF-κB knockdown eliminated the regulatory effects of OPN on proliferation and apoptosis of chondrocytes. CONCLUSIONS: OPN promotes the expression of NF-κB signals to accelerate chondrocyte proliferation, thereby inducing OA in rats.

9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 395-399, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294842

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the trend of smoking prevalence and its risk factors among adults in Shaanxi province from 2007 to 2015. Methods: We used data from China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2015. The current smoking prevalence and trends of the four surveys were calculated. Its risk factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression from each survey and then from all pooled data of the three surveys. Results: The number of participants in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2015 was 1 542, 3 000, 10 166 and 6 330, respectively. The current smoking prevalence dropped from 34.34% in 2007 to 26.22% in 2013, but increased to 28.33% in 2015 (trend χ(2) test: Z=2.53, P=0.01). The results from four pooled data showed that the current smoking prevalence of men was higher than that of women (OR=75.03, 95%CI: 63.57-88.55). The current smoking prevalence of people aged 45-59 was higher than that of people aged 18-44 (OR=1.28, 95%CI: 1.15-1.41). In addition, the current smoking prevalence of those who were educated for 7-9 years and more than 9 years were higher than those who were educated for less than 6 years (people with education for 7-9 years OR=1.44, 95%CI: 1.29-1.61; people with education >9 years OR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.26-1.63). The current smoking prevalence of the single was lower than those of married/cohabitants (OR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.37-0.77). The current smoking prevalence of retirees were lower than those of employees (OR=0.46, 95%CI: 0.38-0.57) and smoking prevalence of alcohol drinkers were higher than those of non-drinkers (OR=2.92, 95%CI: 2.67-3.19). Conclusion: From 2007 to 2015, the current smoking prevalence of Shaanxi population was high and the trends remained stable. It is necessary to strengthen smoking control and health education for men, people over 45 years old, people with education level 7 years and above, and working personnel in Shaanxi province.

12.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520916400, 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339468

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia adversely affects bone metabolism, often resulting in compromised osseointegration and implant loss. In addition, genetic networks associated with osseointegration have been proposed. Serologically defined colon cancer antigen 3 (Sdccag3) is a novel endosomal protein that functions in actin cytoskeleton remodeling, protein trafficking and secretion, cytokinesis, and apoptosis, but its roles in the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and in implant osseointegration under hyperlipidemic conditions have not been uncovered. Here, we performed microarray and RNA sequencing analysis to determine the differential expression of the Sdccag3 gene and related noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) and to assess the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MSTRG.97162.4-miR-193a-3p-Sdccag3 coexpression network in bone tissues within the region 0.5 mm around implants in hyperlipidemic rats. In this experiment, we found that Sdccag3 and the previously uncharacterized lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4 were downregulated during hyperlipidemia, while miR-193a-3p was upregulated. Sdccag3 overexpression increased new trabecular formation, the bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) (1.24-fold), and bone-implant combination ratio (BIC%) (1.26-fold). An RNA pulldown experiment revealed that Sdccag3 protein targeted lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4 nucleotides 361 to 389. In addition, lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4 overexpression significantly enhanced Sdccag3 (2.78-fold) expression and increased BV/TV (1.45-fold) and BIC% (1.07-fold) at the bone-implant interface. Taken together, these findings indicate that Sdccag3 overexpression enhances implant osseointegration under hyperlipidemic conditions by binding to lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4. Furthermore, miR-193a-3p overexpression inhibited lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4 (0.63-fold) and Sdccag3 (0.88-fold) expression and induced poor implant osseointegration (BV/TV, 0.86-fold; BIC%, 0.82-fold), while miR-193a-3p downregulation produced the opposite results (lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4, 10.69-fold; Sdccag3, 6.96-fold; BV/TV, 1.20-fold; BIC%, 1.26-fold). Therefore, our findings show that Sdccag3 promotes implant osseointegration, and its related lncRNA-MSTRG.97162.4 and miR-193a-3p play an important role in osseointegration during hyperlipidemia, which might be a promising therapeutic target for improving dental implantation success rates.

13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(4): 323-326, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340425

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of free medial plantar perforator flap in repairing deep burn wound on palm with assistance of three dimensional computed tomography angiography (CTA). Methods: From March 2015 to January 2018, 11 patients with deep burn wounds of palm were admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang City, including 6 males and 5 females, aged 19-53 years. The wound area after debridement was 3.0 cm×2.5 cm-8.0 cm×6.0 cm. Before the operation, CTA of the foot was performed, and the three dimensional digital model was reconstructed by computer software to observe the initial position, course, and distribution of the arteries and veins in the donor site. The medial plantar perforator flap was designed according to the area and shape of the wound, with area of 3.5 cm×3.0 cm-8.5 cm×6.5 cm. After the wound was covered by the flap, the perforating branch of the medial plantar artery was anastomosed end to end with the carpal epithelial branch of the ulnar artery, the accompanying vein or the branch of the great saphenous vein was anastomosed end to end with the accompanying vein of the carpal epithelial branch of the ulnar artery, and the terminal branch of the saphenous nerve or the medial dorsal cutaneous nerve was anastomosed end to end with the superficial palmar branch of the ulnar nerve. The wound of donor site was covered with full-thickness skin graft from the outer thigh of the same side. The perforators of the medial plantar artery observed during the operation were compared with the reconstructed three dimensional CTA images. The survival of flap was observed, and the appearance and function of the flap were followed up and evaluated with trial standard for the evaluation of the functions of the upper limbs of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association. Results: The initial position, course, and distribution of the perforator of the medial plantar artery during the operation were basically the same as those of the reconstructed three dimensional CTA images before the operation. All the flaps of patients survived after the operation. During the 6 months to 1 year follow-up, the appearance of flap was good, with no obvious swelling or pigmentation, but with good elasticity. The discrimination distance between the two points was 5.0-8.0 mm, and the flaps were evaluated as excellent in 4 cases, good in 6 cases, and fair in 1 case. Conclusions: The free medial plantar perforator flap is an ideal choice for repair of the deep burn wound on palm. Three dimensional CTA before the operation can detect condition of vascular variation, with high accuracy of vascular anastomosis during operation.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145956

RESUMO

We have retrospectively analysed the predictive value of intraparotid nodal metastases in patients having neck dissection for parotid mucoepidermoid cancer. The main outcomes were intraparotid nodal metastases, a new system for staging metastatic parotid nodes, and recurrence-free survival. The overall rate of intraparotid metastasis was 30/122 (25%), and seven patients had deep parotid nodal metastases. This metastasis was significantly related to tumour stage, neck disease, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, and pathological tumour grade. The sensitivity of intraparotid nodal metastases in predicting neck disease was 50%, and the specificity of them predicting neck disease was 89%. The stages of the intraparotid nodes were as follows: P0 (n=92 patients), P1 (n=10), P2 (n=16), and P3 (n=4). A Cox's model analysis confirmed that the stage of the intraparotid nodes was an independent prognostic factor for recurrence, so the presence of intraparotid nodal metastases is associated with a higher risk for recurrence of disease.

17.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147762

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between hematuria, clinicopathological features and renal outcomes in patients with biopsy-proven diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS: This cohort study included 261 patients with DN. Participants were divided into two groups according to number of red blood cells per high-power field (RBC/hpf) in urine sediment: the hematuria (-) group (≤ 3 RBC/hpf) and the hematuria (+) group (> 3 RBC/hpf). Basic clinical parameters were measured at the time of renal biopsy; relationships between hematuria and clinicopathological features and renal outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients in the hematuria (+) group often had overt proteinuria. Interstitial inflammation was more severe in the hematuria (+) group than in the hematuria (-) group. Glomerular arteriolar hyalinosis, interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy were comparable between groups. For patients with early DN (eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2), urinary RBC/hpf at baseline was positively correlated with glomerular classification, interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy scores and interstitial inflammation scores. In prognostic analysis, hematuria was associated with a higher risk of progression to end-stage renal disease. Hematuria remained an independent predictor after adjustment for confounding factors such as sex, age, duration of diabetes, serum glucose level, hypertension, cholesterol, eGFR and urine protein excretion, especially in patients with early DN and in male patients. CONCLUSION: In this study, hematuria was associated with more severe renal pathologic lesions in patients with DN. The presence of hematuria could be an independent predictor of renal outcome in patients with early DN.

18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(5): 643-648, 2020 03 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164401

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 has spread quickly across 114 countries/territories/areas in six continents worldwide and has been announced as a pandemic by WHO. This study analyzed global COVID-19 epidemiological trends, examined impact of the pandemic on global health security, diplomacy, and social environment in China, and provided short- and long-term strategic policy recommendations for China's subsequent preparedness and responses.

19.
Sci Adv ; 6(8): eaax5783, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128395

RESUMO

Synaptic transmission is the predominant form of communication in the brain. It requires functionally specialized molecular machineries constituted by thousands of interacting synaptic proteins. Here, we made use of recent advances in cross-linking mass spectrometry (XL-MS) in combination with biochemical and computational approaches to reveal the architecture and assembly of synaptic protein complexes from mouse brain hippocampus and cerebellum. We obtained 11,999 unique lysine-lysine cross-links, comprising connections within and between 2362 proteins. This extensive collection was the basis to identify novel protein partners, to model protein conformational dynamics, and to delineate within and between protein interactions of main synaptic constituents, such as Camk2, the AMPA-type glutamate receptor, and associated proteins. Using XL-MS, we generated a protein interaction resource that we made easily accessible via a web-based platform (http://xlink.cncr.nl) to provide new entries into exploration of all protein interactions identified.

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