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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19518, 2020 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177541

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI), the leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide, is a disease in which multiple environmental and genetic factors are involved. Recently, researches suggested that insertion/deletion (ins/del) variation of NFKB1 gene rs28362491 is a functional polymorphism. In the present study, we aimed to explore the relation between variation of NFKB1 gene rs28362491 and MI by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 359 MI patients and 1085 control participants. Gensini score was used to evaluate the degree of coronary artery stenosis in MI patients. The plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, malonaldehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were randomly measured by ELISA both in MI patients and control participants. We found that the detected frequencies of D allele (41.2% vs. 36.4%, P = 0.021) and DD genotype (17.5% vs. 12.0%, P = 0.022) were significantly higher in MI patients than in control participants. Compared with II or ID genotype carriers, the Gensini score in MI patients with DD genotype was 32-43% higher (both P < 0.001). Moreover, DD genotype carries had more diseased coronary arteries (P = 0.001 vs. II or ID genotype). Of note, IL-6 levels in MI patients carrying DD genotype were significantly higher than that in control participants and other genotype carriers in MI patients (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, NFKB1 gene rs28362491 DD genotype was associated with a higher risk of MI and more severe coronary artery lesion, which also had a potential influence on the level of inflammatory cytokine IL-6.

2.
Environ Pollut ; : 115989, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190985

RESUMO

In recent years, the biomass was directly used extensively in agriculture due to its low cost and convenience. Increasingly serious soil pollution of heavy metals may pose threats and risks to human health. Directly addition of biomass to soil may affect the bioavailability and content of heavy metals. Here, we reviewed the impact of direct application of oil cake, manure, sewage sludge, straw and municipal waste to soil on the form and concentration of heavy metals in soil, and also emphasized the role of biomass in soil heavy metals remediation. Heavy metals can be activated in a short term by the content of heavy metals in biomass, the production of low-molecular-weight organic acids by biomass application, and the oxidation of sulfides (except for ammoniation). However, heavy metals in soil can be immobilized by humic substances. These can be produced by biomass during a long-term application to soil. Moreover, the degree of immobilization depended on the kind of biomass. Biomass contaminated by heavy metals cannot be returned to the field directly. Therefore, Mitigating the activation of heavy metals in the early stage of biomass application is meaningful, especially for application of these biomass such as straw, sewage sludge and municipal waste. Future researches should focus on the heavy metal control on direct use of biomass in agricultural.

3.
J Vis Exp ; (165)2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226031

RESUMO

Protein analysis of small numbers of human cells is primarily achieved by targeted proteomics with antibody-based immunoassays, which have inherent limitations (e.g., low multiplex and unavailability of antibodies for new proteins). Mass spectrometry (MS)-based targeted proteomics has emerged as an alternative because it is antibody-free, high multiplex, and has high specificity and quantitation accuracy. Recent advances in MS instrumentation make MS-based targeted proteomics possible for multiplexed quantification of highly abundant proteins in single cells. However, there is a technical challenge for effective processing of single cells with minimal sample loss for MS analysis. To address this issue, we have recently developed a convenient protein carrier-assisted one-pot sample preparation coupled with liquid chromatography (LC) - selected reaction monitoring (SRM) termed cLC-SRM for targeted proteomics analysis of small numbers of human cells. This method capitalizes on using the combined excessive exogenous protein as a carrier and low-volume one-pot processing to greatly reduce surface adsorption losses as well as high-specificity LC-SRM to effectively address the increased dynamic concentration range due to the addition of exogeneous carrier protein. Its utility has been demonstrated by accurate quantification of most moderately abundant proteins in small numbers of cells (e.g., 10-100 cells) and highly abundant proteins in single cells. The easy-to-implement features and no need for specific devices make this method readily accessible to most proteomics laboratories. Herein we have provided a detailed protocol for cLC-SRM analysis of small numbers of human cells including cell sorting, cell lysis and digestion, LC-SRM analysis, and data analysis. Further improvements in detection sensitivity and sample throughput are needed towards targeted single-cell proteomics analysis. We anticipate that cLC-SRM will be broadly applied to biomedical research and systems biology with the potential of facilitating precision medicine.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230794

RESUMO

The total contents and chemical speciation analysis of Zn, Cu, Pb, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cd, and As in pig manure (PM), liquefaction residues (LRs), and bio-oils (BOs) derived from PM by liquefaction with ethanol as a solvent at 180-300 °C were thoroughly investigated in this study. The environment risk assessment, leachability, and bioavailability of heavy metals in PM and LRs were studied. The results showed that more than 75% of heavy metals remained in LRs. The total contents of heavy metals in LRs were markedly elevated, but those in BOs gradually decreased with the increase in liquefaction temperature. Moreover, the acid soluble/exchangeable fraction and reducible fraction (F1 + F2) of heavy metals in LRs and BOs was significantly reduced, while oxidizable fraction and stable fraction (F3 + F4) desirably increased after liquefaction. Furthermore, the potential risk of heavy metals in LRs was decreased in comparison to that in PM, but the risk of Pb, Mn, and As had not been obviously reduced; therefore, the LRs from the liquefaction of PM should be pretreated before recycling. Temperatures from 220 to 260 °C were the optimum conditions for disposing of PM by liquefaction with ethanol.

5.
Ann Neurol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016348

RESUMO

NOTCH2NLC GGC repeat expansions were recently identified in neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID); however, it remains unclear whether they occur in other neurodegenerative disorders. This study aimed to investigate the role of intermediate-length NOTCH2NLC GGC repeat expansions in Parkinson disease (PD). We screened for GGC repeat expansions in a cohort of 1,011 PD patients and identified 11 patients with intermediate-length repeat expansions ranging from 41 to 52 repeats, with no repeat expansions in 1,134 controls. Skin biopsy revealed phospho-alpha-synuclein deposition, confirming the PD diagnosis in 2 patients harboring intermediate-length repeat expansions instead of NIID or essential tremor. Fibroblasts from PD patients harboring intermediate-length repeat expansions revealed NOTCH2NLC upregulation and autophagic dysfunction. Our results suggest that intermediate-length repeat expansions in NOTCH2NLC are potentially associated with PD. ANN NEUROL 2020.

6.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) possess hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific immunoregulatory effects in chronic HBV infection. The role of Tregs in spontaneous seroclearance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) remains to be determined. METHODS: We recruited treatment-naive chronic HBV patients achieving spontaneous HBsAg seroclearance (experimental group) and matched HBsAg-positive controls. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated using the Ficoll-Paque density gradient centrifugation method. The frequency of Tregs and inhibitory phenotypes and immunoregulatory cytokines of Tregs were detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients with HBsAg seroclearance (mean age: 52.40±6.00 y, 55.6% male) and 27 matched controls were recruited. Median HBsAg and HBV DNA levels in the control group were 2.80 (1.24 to 3.43) and 3.16 (1.68 to 3.85) log IU/mL, respectively. Mean frequencies of Tregs and expressions of FoxP3 Tregs were comparable in both groups (both P>0.05). The mean expression of programmed death 1 (PD-1) and glucocorticoid-induced TNFR family-related gene (GITR) in total CD4 T cells were significantly downregulated in the experimental group when compared with the control group (10.62% vs. 13.85%, P=0.003; 16.20% vs. 27.02%, P=0.002, respectively). When compared with the control group, PD-1CD4 Tregs expression in the experimental group was significantly downregulated (13.85% vs. 10.62%, P=0.003). A similar phenomenon was noted for GITRCD8 Tregs (20.16% vs. 14.08%, P=0.049). Intracellular cytokine productions showed no significant differences (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The reduced expression of PD-1 and GITR might attenuate the immunosuppressive capability of Tregs. Decreased expression on CD4 T cells might represent an enhanced antiviral function, playing a role in initiating the "functional cure" of chronic HBV infection.

7.
J Pathol ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044755

RESUMO

SETDB1 is a histone lysine methyltransferase that has critical roles in cancers. However, its potential role in gastric cancer (GC) remains obscure. Here, we mainly investigate the clinical significance and the possible role of SETDB1 in GC. We find that SETDB1 expression is upregulated in GC tissues and its high-level expression was a predictor of poor prognosis in patients. Overexpression of SETDB1 promoted cell proliferation and metastasis, while SETDB1 suppression had an opposite effect both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, SETDB1 was shown to interact with ERG to promote the transcription of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) through binding to their promoter regions. In addition, the expression of SETDB1 was also enhanced by the transcription factor TCF4 at the transcriptional level in GC. Furthermore, SETDB1 expression was found to be induced by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in a TCF4-dependent manner. Taken together, our results indicate that SETDB1 is aberrantly overexpressed in GC and plays key roles in gastric carcinogenesis and metastasis via upregulation of CCND1 and MMP9. Our work also suggests that SETDB1 could be a potential oncogenic factor and a therapeutic target for GC. © 2020 The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

8.
Asia Pac Psychiatry ; : e12427, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089622

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: China has been severely affected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) since December 2019. Military healthcare workers in China have experienced many pressures when combating COVID-19. This study aimed to investigate the current psychological status and associated risk factors among military healthcare workers. METHODS: We collected data from 194 military healthcare workers from three inpatient wards in two specialized COVID-19 hospitals using a web-based cross-sectional survey. The survey covered demographic information, the patient health questionnaire-9, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, and the patient health questionnaire-15. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to explore potential risk factors for mental health problems. RESULTS: The overall prevalence rates of depressive, generalized anxiety, and somatic symptoms were 37.6%, 32.5%, and 50%, respectively. Rates of severe depression, generalized anxiety, and somatic symptoms were 5.2%, 3.6%, and 15.5%, respectively. In 22.7% of cases, comorbidities existed between depression, generalized anxiety, and somatization. A junior-grade professional title was associated with depression, older age was associated with generalized anxiety and somatization, and short sleep duration and poor sleep quality were associated with all three symptoms. DISCUSSION: The prevalence of depression, generalized anxiety, and somatic symptoms among military healthcare workers in specialized COVID-19 hospitals is high during the current COVID-19 outbreak. A junior-grade professional title, older age, short sleep duration, and poor sleep quality significantly affect military healthcare workers' mental health. Continuous surveillance and monitoring of the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak should be routine to promote mental health among military healthcare workers.

9.
Plant Cell ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004618

RESUMO

Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) is an essential membrane signature for both autophagy and endosomal sorting that is synthesized in plants by the class-III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) complex, consisting of the VPS34 kinase, together with ATG6, VPS15, and either VPS38 or ATG14 as the fourth subunit. While Arabidopsis plants missing the three core subunits are infertile, vps38 mutants are viable but have aberrant leaf, root and seed development, sucrose sensing, and endosomal trafficking, suggesting that VPS38 and ATG14 are non-redundant. Here, we evaluated the role of ATG14 through a collection of CRISPR/Cas9 and T-DNA insertion mutants disrupting the two Arabidopsis paralogs. atg14a atg14b double mutants were relatively normal phenotypically but displayed autophagy defects, including reduced accumulation of autophagic bodies and cargo delivery during nutrient stress. Unexpectedly, homozygous atg14a atg14b vps38 triple mutants were viable but showed severely compromised rosette development and reduced fecundity, pollen germination and autophagy, consistent with a need for both ATG14 and VPS38 to fully actuate PI3P biology. However, the triple mutants still accumulated PI3P, but were hypersensitive to the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin, indicating that the ATG14/VPS38 component is not essential for PI3P synthesis. Collectively, the ATG14/VPS38 mutant collection now permits the study of plants altered in specific aspects of PI3P biology.

10.
Reprod Sci ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078329

RESUMO

To investigate whether additional growth hormone (GH) treatment can improve pregnancy outcomes in poor ovarian responders (POR), this systematic review and meta-analysis is prospectively designed and has been registered in PROSPERO (Registration number: CRD42019137866). Literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from January 2010 to June 2019, and studies before 2010 were included based on a Cochrane review published in 2010. Only English articles and randomized clinical trial studies were included. A total of 12 studies were included for analysis. GH treatment in poor ovarian responders significantly increased the clinical pregnancy rate (odds ratio (OR) = 1.75 (1.23, 2.50)), and the live birth rate also tended to increase after GH treatment (OR = 1.51 (0.97, 2.35)). Other outcomes including the gonadotropin requirement, oocyte retrieval number, endometrium thickness, and the number of patients with available embryos for transfer were also improved by growth hormone treatment (weighted mean differences (WMD) = - 0.78 (- 1.23, - 0.33), 1.41 (0.72, 2.09), 0.36 (0.18, 0.53), OR = 2.67 (1.47, 4.68), respectively). Based on the current study, GH treatment in POR can increase clinical pregnancy rate and show a higher but not statistically significant likelihood of live birth rate. The effect is likely to be mediated by improving ovarian response and endometrium thickness. The effect of GH treatment on live birth rate should be tested by further studies with a larger sample size.

11.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of patients at risk for persistent organ failure (POF) early in the course of acute pancreatitis (AP) is critical for early intervention. Heparin-binding protein (HBP) levels are closely related to inflammation. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between HBP levels and POF in patients with AP. METHODS: This observational cohort study analyzed 66 patients with AP and 14 healthy volunteers between June 2019 and December 2019. Baseline characteristics, laboratory data, and severity scores of patients with different degrees of AP were compared. Levels of HBP were measured by ELISA. Serum HBP levels were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic curves to identify POF in AP. RESULTS: Concentrations of serum HBP in healthy volunteers, MAP, MSAP, and SAP groups were 3.9 (range: 3.4-5) ng/ml, 5.2 (3.9-6.8) ng/ml, 5.9 (4.6-7.7) ng/ml, and 11 (8.0-13.8) ng/ml, respectively. The level of HBP in SAP patients was significantly elevated compared to the other groups (P < 0.01). HBP levels ≥ 7 ng/ml showed a specificity of 74%, a sensitivity of 90%, and an AUC of 0.82 for predicting POF. CONCLUSIONS: HBP levels in patients with POF were significantly elevated. HBP is a useful marker for predicting severe AP.

12.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cancer treatment requires attentiveness to its broader effect on the body. Cancer's effect on appetite, strength, and body composition is contained in the summary term malnutrition. The tools used to detect malnutrition are a critical part of effective cancer care. In clinical care, selection of any specific tool is random. The relative validity of these tools have not been systematically compared. Using hierarchical Bayesian latent-class meta-analysis methods, this report compares three tools used for adult cancer patients - the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) and the Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). METHOD: Drawing from English and Chinese language databases, a broad pool of eligible studies were identified for further selection and assessment. Using the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic (HSROC) model, pooled sensitivity, specificity, and other measurements the accuracy of the three tools were compared. RESULT: A total of 37 eligible studies involving the MNA, NRS-2002 and PG-SGA were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity was 0.910 (95% CI: 0.763 to 0.970) for MNA, 0.747 (95% CI: 0.680 to 0.804) for NRS-2002, and 0.964 (95% CI: 0.913 to 0.986) for PG-SGA. The pooled specificity was 0.720 (95% CI: 0.623 to 0.800) for MNA, 0.854 (95% CI: 0.808 to 0.891) for NRS-2002, 0.905 (95% CI: 0.807 to 0.956) for PG-SGA, respectively. The back-calculated likelihood ratio (LR) showed that MNA had a low negative likelihood ratio (LR-), NRS-2002 corresponded to a high positive likelihood ratio (LR+) and PG-SGA represented the best LR+ and LR-. CONCLUSIONS: While there is no standard approach to assessment of malnutrition, the PG-SGA has the best diagnostic performance with cancer patients. Further work is needed to refine the utility of these tools in larger clinical samples.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14280, 2020 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868861

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia is one of the main risk factors that contributed to atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD). In the present study, our objective was to explore whether some genetic variants of human IDOL gene were associated with hyperlipidemia among Han population in Xinjiang, China. We designed a case-control study. A total of 1,172 subjects (588 diagnosed hyperlipidemia cases and 584 healthy controls) of Chinese Han were recruited. We genotyped three SNPs (rs9370867, rs909562, and rs2072783) of IDOL gene in all subjects by using the improved multiplex ligation detection reaction (iMLDR) method. Our study demonstrated that the distribution of the genotypes, the dominant model (AA vs GG + GA), and the overdominant model (AA + GG vs GA) of the rs9370867 SNP had significant differences between the case group and controls (all P < 0.001). For rs909562 and rs2072783, the distribution of the genotypes, the recessive model (AA + GA vs GG) showed significant differences between the case subjects and controls (P = 0.002, P = 0.007 and P = 0.045, P = 0.02, respectively). After multivariate adjustment for several confounders, the rs9370867 SNP is still an independent risk factor for hyperlipidemia [odds ratio (OR) = 1.380, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.201-1.586, P < 0.001]. The rs9370867 of human IDOL gene was associated with hyperlipidemia in Han population.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 106875, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNAs are closely associated with many human major diseases, however, the roles of lncRNAs in sepsis-induced lung injury remain unclear. METHODS: High-throughput sequencing was used to detect the changes in lncRNA expression profile in alveolar macrophages after LPS stimulation. The BALF of patients with sepsis-induced lung injury was collected. Rats with CLP-induced septic lung injury were treated with sh-lncRNA-5657 via intravenous injection. NR8383 cells were transfected with lentiviral vectors expressing lncRNA-5657, lncRNA-5657 smart silencer, or si-spns2. The BALF cells expression levels of lncRNA-5657 and proinflammatory cytokines in BALF of patients and rats as well as in rat macrophages were measured. Changes in histopathologic score, lung wet/dry weight ratio, and spns2 expression in macrophages were examined. The relationship between lncRNA-5657 and its potential target gene spns2 was validated using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: The lncRNA expression profile of LPS-stimulated macrophages demonstrated that lncRNA-5657 showed the greatest fold-change. The BALF cells of patients with sepsis-induced ARDS and the lung tissue of rats with CLP-induced sepsis had significantly increased lncRNA-5657 levels. LncRNA-5657 silencing alleviated CLP-induced lung inflammation in rats. In NR8383 cells, lncRNA-5657 overexpression enhanced, whereas lncRNA-5657 silencing attenuated the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and spns2. A dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that lncRNA-5657 interacted with the promoter of the spns2 gene. Spns2 silencing alleviated LPS-induced inflammatory response and blocked the proinflammatory function of lncRNA-5657 in alveolar macrophages. CONCLUSION: LncRNA-5657 is closely associated with sepsis-induce lung injury. In vitro and in vivo data demonstrated that LncRNA-5657 silencing alleviates sepsis-induced lung injury by inhibiting lung inflammatory response via suppressing spns2 expression.

15.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia tends to affect cardiovascular system and cause cardiovascular damage. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of myocardial injury and risk factors for mortality in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. METHOD: Two hundred and twenty-four consecutive patients with confirmed diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection and definite outcomes (discharge or death) were retrospectively analyzed. Laboratory results including myocardial biomarkers, oxygen saturation, inflammatory indicators and coagulation function were compared between survivors and non-survivors. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression model were used to explore risk factors for in-hospital mortality, and a chart with different combinations of risk factors was constructed to predict mortality. RESULTS: Two hundred and three patients were included in the final analysis, consisting of 145 patients who recovered and 58 patients who died. Compared with survivors, non-survivors were older, with more comorbidities, more severe inflammation and active coagulation function, higher levels of myocardial biomarkers and lower SaO2. 28 (50%) non-survivors and 9 (6%) survivors developed myocardial injury, which was associated with disease severity at admission. Elevated d-dimer (OR = 9.51, 95% CI [3.61-25.0], P < 0.001), creatinine kinase-myocardial band (OR = 6.93, 95% CI [1.83-26.2], P = 0.004), Troponin I (OR = 10.1, 95% CI [3.1-32.8], P < 0.001) and C-reactive protein (OR = 15.1, 95% CI [1.7-129.3], P = 0.013) were risk factors for mortality. Patients with abnormal levels of d-dimer, Troponin I and CRP were predicted to have significantly higher probability of death. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that SARS-CoV-2 infection may induce myocardial injury and consequently exacerbate the clinical course and worsen prognosis. Abnormal d-dimer, CK-MB, Troponin I and CRP are risk factors for short-term mortality.

16.
Pharmacol Res ; 161: 105107, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739424

RESUMO

Currently, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly around the world. This study aimed to investigate whether the presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) might increase the risk of severe infection and fatality in COVID-19 patients. We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, MedRxiv and COVID-19 academic research communication platforms for studies reporting severe infection rates and case-fatality rates in COVID-19 patients with and without AKI up to June 20, 2020. The main outcomes were the comparisons of the severe infection rates and fatality rates in COVID-19 patients with and without AKI and the estimation of the odds ratio (OR) and its 95 % confidence interval (CI) for severe infection and mortality. Statistical analyses were performed with R statistical software. A total of 40 studies involving 24,527 patients with COVID-19 were included in our meta-analysis. The incidence of AKI was 10 % (95 % CI 8%-13 %) in COVID-19 patients. The patients had higher severe infection and fatality rates (55.6 % vs. 17.7 % and 63.1 % vs. 12.9 %, respectively, all P < 0.01) with COVID-19. AKI was a predictor of fatality (OR = 14.63, 95 % CI: 9.94-21.51, P < 0.00001) and severe infection (OR = 8.11, 95 % CI: 5.01-13.13, P < 0.00001) in patients with COVID-19. Higher levels of serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were associated with a significant increase in fatality [Scr: mean difference (MD): 20.19 µmol/L, 95 % CI: 14.96-25.42, P < 0.001; BUN: MD: 4.07 mmol/L, 95 % CI: 3.33-4.81, P < 0.001] and severe infection (Scr: MD: 7.78 µmol/L, 95 % CI: 4.43-11.14, P < 0.00001, BUN: MD: 2.12 mmol/L, 95 % CI: 1.74-2.50, P < 0.00001) in COVID-19 patients. In conclusion, AKI is associated with severe infection and higher fatality rates in patients with COVID-19. Clinicians should pay more attention to the monitoring and treatment of COVID-19 patients with AKI.

17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5377-5387, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32848384

RESUMO

Background: Periodontal pathogenic bacteria promote the destruction of periodontal tissues and cause loosening and loss of teeth in adults. However, complete removal of periodontal pathogenic bacteria, at both the bottom of the periodontal pocket and the root bifurcation area, remains challenging. In this work, we explored a synergistic antibiotic and photothermal treatment, which is considered an alternative strategy for highly efficient periodontal antibacterial therapy. Methods: Mesoporous silica (MSNs) on the surface of Au nanobipyramids (Au NBPs) were designed to achieve the sustained release of the drug and photothermal antibacterials. The mesoporous silica-coated Au NBPs (Au NBPs@SiO2) were mixed with gelatin methacrylate (GelMA-Au NBPs@SiO2). Au NBPs@SiO2 and GelMA-Au NBPs@SiO2 hybrid hydrogels were characterized, and the drug content and photothermal properties in terms of the release profile, bacterial inhibition, and cell growth were investigated. Results: The GelMA-Au NBPs@SiO2 hybrid hydrogels showed controllable minocycline delivery, and the drug release rates increased under 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. The hydrogels also exhibited excellent antibacterial properties, and the antibacterial efficacy of the antibiotic and photothermal treatment was as high as 90% and 66.7% against Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), respectively. Moreover, regardless of NIR irradiation, cell viability was over 80% and the concentration of Au NBPs@SiO2 in the hybrid hydrogels was as high as 100 µg/mL. Conclusion: We designed a new near-infrared light (NIR)-activated hybrid hydrogel that offers both sustained release of antibacterial drugs and photothermal treatment. Such sustained release pattern yields the potential to rapidly eliminate periodontal pathogens in the periodontal pocket, and the photothermal treatment maintains low bacterial retention after the drug treatment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacocinética , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ouro/química , Hidrogéis/farmacocinética , Hidrogéis/efeitos da radiação , Lasers , Metacrilatos/química , Camundongos , Minociclina/química , Minociclina/farmacocinética , Minociclina/farmacologia , Nanoestruturas/química , Doenças Periodontais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Periodontais/microbiologia , Fototerapia/métodos , Dióxido de Silício/química
18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 205: 111162, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32836158

RESUMO

The mechanisms of intercropping increasing plant biomass, cadmium accumulation, and organic acids secreted in rhizosphere soil are still unclear. Oilseed rape and intercrops were grown in boxes separated either with no barrier between the compartments or by a nylon mesh barrier (37 µm) to license partial root interaction, or a solid barrier to stop any root interactions. Two intercropping systems (oilseed rape-faba bean and oilseed rape-ryegrass) were carried out in soil with Cd content of 5 mg/kg. The intermingling of roots between oilseed rape and faba bean enhanced the biomass of oilseed rape. However, the biomass was negatively affected implying the higher nutrient apportionment to the ryegrass than oilseed rape. Oilseed rape intercropping with both faba bean and ryegrass played a positive role in the shoot Cd concentration of oilseed rape. The intermingling of roots played a positive role in the citric and malic acids when intercropping with faba bean. A remarkable increase in water-soluble Cd and DTPA-Cd content was observed during oilseed rape-faba bean complete root interaction treatment, up to 175.00% and 46.65%, respectively, which compare with the monoculture treatment. In both systems, the translocation factor values were higher for oilseed rape (O-F system) than for the other test plants and were always >1. Thus the Cd removal potential of oilseed rape can be further improved in the future by optimizing agronomic practices and intercropping with faba bean.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cádmio/metabolismo , Produção Agrícola/métodos , Lolium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Vicia faba/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bioacumulação , Biomassa , Brassica napus/metabolismo , China , Lolium/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Rizosfera , Solo/química , Vicia faba/metabolismo
19.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 45(5): 686-701, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is one of the major causes of acute renal failure which seriously endangers the health and life of patients. Currently, there is still lack of comprehensive knowledge of the molecular mechanism of renal IR injury, and the regulatory role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in renal IR damage remains poorly understood. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the expression spectrum of lncRNA in renal IR damage in mice and to explore specific lncRNA that may be involved in regulating the development of human renal IR injury. METHODS: RNA-Seq was used to investigate the lncRNA profile of renal IR injury in a mouse model, and conservation analysis was performed on mouse lncRNAs with differential expression (fragments per kilobase of transcript per million mapped reads ≥2) by BLASTN. The potential functions and associated pathways of the differentially expressed lncRNA were explored by bioinformatics analysis. The cell hypoxia model was used to detect the expression of the candidate lncRNA. RESULTS: Of the 45,923 lncRNA transcripts detected in the samples, and 5,868 lncRNAs were found to be significantly differentially expressed (p < 0.05 and fold change ≥ 2) in 24-h IR kidney tissue compared to the expression in the control group. It was found that 56 differently expressed mouse lncRNA transcripts have human homology by analyzing the conserved sequences. We also found that lncRNA-NONHSAT183385.1 expression significantly increased in HK2 cells after 24 h of hypoxia and increased further 6 h after reoxygenation, and after 24 h of reoxygenation it was dramatically downregulated, indicating that NONHSAT183385.1 may be involved in the pathophysiological process of renal tubular epithelial cells in response to ischemia in human renal IR. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed differentially expressed lncRNAs in renal IR damage in mice and identified a set of conserved lncRNAs, which would help to explore lncRNAs that may play important regulatory roles in human renal IR injury.

20.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 145, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that solid tumors display the features of collective invasion, however, the molecular mechanisms are far from clear. This study aims to verify the role and the underlying mechanisms of CD147 in collective invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: Immunostaining was used to analyze human hepatocellular carcinoma specimens and three-dimensional cultures. Three-dimensional invasion model was established to mimic in vivo invasion. RNA-sequencing was used to identify downstream effectors. RESULTS: Human hepatocellular carcinoma underwent collective invasion and CD147 was observed to be upregulated at the invasive front of tumor cell groups. CD147 was demonstrated to promote collective invasion using the modified three-dimensional invasion model, which recapitulated the main features of collective invasion. Through transcriptome analysis and enzyme activity assay, we found that CD147 enhanced cathepsin B expression and activity. Upregulated cathepsin B in hepatocellular carcinoma cells facilitated migration and invasion, which mediated CD147-induced invasive phenotype in hepatocellular carcinoma. In terms of mechanism, we found that CD147 promoted cathepsin B transcription by activating ß-catenin signaling as a result of reduced GSK-3ß expression. Furthermore, we found that elevated expression of CD147 as well as cathepsin B were correlated with poor prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: CD147 promotes hepatocellular carcinoma cells collective invasion via upregulating cathepsin B expression and targeting CD147 would be valuable for the development of novel therapeutic modalities against invasion and metastasis of cancer.

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