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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321402

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis (AS) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, in which circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important regulatory roles. This research aimed to explore the biological role of circSCAP (hsa_circ_0001292) in AS development. Real-time PCR or western blot assay was conducted to analyze RNA or protein expression. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry. The levels of lipid accumulation-associated indicators and oxidative stress factors were detected using commercial kits. The levels of inflammatory cytokines were examined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Intermolecular interaction was verified via dual-luciferase reporter analysis or RNA pull-down analysis. CircSCAP and phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B) levels were elevated, whereas miR-221-5p level was decreased in AS patients and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced THP-1 cells. CircSCAP absence suppressed lipid deposition, inflammation, and oxidative stress in ox-LDL-induced THP-1 cells. MiR-221-5p was a target of circSCAP, and anti-miR-221-5p largely reversed si-circSCAP-induced effects in ox-LDL-induced THP-1 cells. PDE3B was a target of miR-221-5p, and PDE3B overexpression largely counteracted miR-221-5p accumulation-mediated effects in ox-LDL-induced THP-1 cells. NF-κB signaling pathway was regulated by circSCAP/miR-221-5p/PDE3B axis in ox-LDL-induced THP-1 cells. In conclusion, circSCAP facilitated lipid accumulation, inflammation, and oxidative stress in ox-LDL-induced THP-1 macrophages by regulating miR-221-5p/PDE3B axis.

2.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(13): 7361-7374, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181729

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a common modification on endogenous RNA transcripts in mammalian cells. Technologies to precisely modify the RNA m6A levels at specific transcriptomic loci empower interrogation of biological functions of epitranscriptomic modifications. Here, we developed a bidirectional dCasRx epitranscriptome editing platform composed of a nuclear-localized dCasRx conjugated with either a methyltransferase, METTL3, or a demethylase, ALKBH5, to manipulate methylation events at targeted m6A sites. Leveraging this platform, we specifically and efficiently edited m6A modifications at targeted sites, reflected in gene expression and cell proliferation. We employed the dCasRx epitranscriptomic editor system to elucidate the molecular function of m6A-binding proteins YTHDF paralogs (YTHDF1, YTHDF2 and YTHDF3), revealing that YTHDFs promote m6A-mediated mRNA degradation. Collectively, our dCasRx epitranscriptome perturbation platform permits site-specific m6A editing for delineating of functional roles of individual m6A modifications in the mammalian epitranscriptome.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Adenosina/metabolismo , Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase/genética , Proteínas Associadas a CRISPR/genética , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Proteína Forkhead Box M1/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box M1/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Metiltransferases/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , RNA Mensageiro/química , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
3.
J Phys Chem A ; 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861064

RESUMO

To clarify the contentions about dissociative photoionization mechanism of nitrogen dioxide via the a3B2 and b3A2 ionic states, a new threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence (TPEPICO) velocity imaging has been conducted in the 12.8-14.0 eV energy range at the Hefei Light Source. The fine vibrational-resolved threshold photoelectron spectrum agrees well with the previous measurements. The ro-vibrational distributions of NO+, as the unique fragment ion in the dissociation of NO2+ in specific vibronic levels of a3B2 and b3A2 states, are derived from the recorded TPEPICO velocity images. A "cold" vibrational (v+ = 0) and "hot" rotational population is observed at the a3B2(0,3,0) and (0,4,0) vibronic levels, while the dissociation of NO2+ in b3A2(0,0,0) leads to the NO+ fragment with both hot vibrational and rotational populations. With the aid of the quantum chemical calculations at the time-dependent B3LYP level, minimum energy paths on the potential energy surfaces of the a3B2 and b3A2 states clarify their adiabatic dissociation mechanisms near the thresholds, and this study proposes reliable explanations for the observed internal energy distributions of fragment ions. Additionally, this study provides valuable insights into the application of the classical "impulsive" model on an overall slow dissociation process.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890587

RESUMO

2-Methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MBO232) is a biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC), and has a large percentage of emission into the atmosphere. The vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photochemistry of BVOCs is of great importance for atmospheric chemistry. Studies have been carried out on several BVOCs but have not extended to MBO232. In the present report, the photoionization and dissociation processes of MBO232 in the energy range of 8.0-15.0 eV have been studied by tunable VUV synchrotron radiation coupled with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. By measuring the photoionization spectra, the adiabatic ionization energy (AIE) of MBO232 and the appearance energies (AEs) of the eight identified fragment ions (i.e., C4H7O+, C3H7O+, C5H9+, C3H6O+, CH3CO+, CH3O+, C4H5+, and C3H5+) were determined. High-level quantum chemistry calculations suggest that there are 3 direct channels and 5 indirect channels via transition states and intermediates accountable for these fragments. Among the reaction channels, the direct elimination of CH3 is the most dominant channel and produces the resonance-stabilized radical cation. Most interestingly, our results show that the CH3 selectively migrates towards the cation, which leads to the different indirect channels. The CH3 migration is a rare process in the dissociative photoionization of metal-free organic molecules. We explain the process by molecular orbital calculations and electron localization function analysis and explore the non-conventional dissociation channels via the CH3 roaming mechanism. We further perform kinetics analysis using RRKM theory for the channels of interest. The activation barrier, and rate constants are analyzed for the branching fractions of the products. These results provide important implications for the VUV photochemistry of BVOCs in the atmosphere.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(24): 13808-13817, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538400

RESUMO

Dissociative ionization of trifluoromethane (CHF3) is investigated in the 13.9-18.0 eV energy range using the threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence (TPEPICO) technique coupled to a vacuum ultraviolet synchrotron radiation source. Four electronic states of CHF3+, i.e., the X2A1, A2A2, B2E, and C2E states, are populated upon ionization. In this energy range, the parent CHF3+ ions fully dissociate. For the CHF3+ ions in the ground state, the analysis of the time-of-flight profile of the unique CF3+ fragment ions suggests statistical dissociation. For the electronically excited CHF3+ ions, the C-F bond cleavage preferentially occurs to predominantly produce CHF2+ + F. Moreover, all TPEPICO images of the CHF2+ ions exhibit identical patterns, with a weak central spot revealing a previously unobserved statistical decomposition pathway, and the predominant ring in the images documents a fast nonstatistical dissociation channel. The unimolecular decomposition mechanisms of the CHF3+ ions are illuminated with the aid of the one-dimensional potential energy curves along the C-H and C-F coordinates calculated using the time-dependent density-functional theory. Moreover, a comparison of the dissociation dynamics of CHF3+ in these low-lying states with those of CF3Cl+ strongly suggests a substituent effect of chlorine atoms on the binding structure.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(21): e15737, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124953

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Solitary fibrous tumors of central nervous system are rare spindle-cell mesenchymal tumors. Although most are benign in nature, malignant transformation and extracranial metastasis have been reported. Up to now, only one case of CSF dissemination was described. Here we described an extremely rare case of intracranial Solitary fibrous tumors arising from the pineal region with a delayed ectopic metastasis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 35-year-old female presented with double vision, memory disturbance and unsteady gait was referred to our center. MRI showed an irregular mass in the pineal region. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed as pineal tumor, with unknown pathology. INTERVENTIONS: Gross total resection was achieved and the pathologic studies confirmed a solitary fibrous tumor. Thirty-nine months later local recurrence occurred and gamma-knife radiotherapy was offered. Seven months later, MRI found a metastasis in the left temporal lobe. Surgical resection was conducted and pathological analysis revealed changes in cell morphology, counts and Ki-67 level, confirmed the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (WHO Grade III). The patient received post-operational radiotherapy. OUTCOMES: The patient was followed up for 7 months with no signs of recurrence. LESSONS: Here, we report an extremely rare case of primary solitary fibrous tumor of pineal region with delayed intracranial ectopic metastasis, together with literature review of metastatic solitary fibrous tumors. Strict surveillance is strongly recommended, considering the malignant potential of this seemingly benign disease entity. Complete resection of the tumor is the treatment of first choice and radiotherapy might be an effective adjuvant therapy for high grade SFT/HPCs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Glândula Pineal/patologia , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários/patologia , Adulto , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários/diagnóstico , Tumores Fibrosos Solitários/terapia
7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(9): 4998-5005, 2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762039

RESUMO

The dissociative photoionization of CF3Cl was investigated using threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence (TPEPICO) imaging in the energy range of 12.30-18.50 eV. The coincident time-of-flight mass spectra and three-dimensional time-sliced images of the CF2Cl+ fragment were recorded at a few specific photon energies. Two fragmentation pathways were observed that led to the breakage of the C-Cl and C-F bonds, while the branching ratio elicited an energy-dependent relationship. The CF3+ fragment was dominant in the dissociation of the X2E, A2A' and B2A'' states, while CF2Cl+ became the predominant fragment and its branching ratio remained constant in the energy range associated with the C2E and D2E states. Based on the inflection point in the energy-dependent curve of the fragment branching ratios, the adiabatic ionization energy (IEa) of C2E is suggested to be 15.46 eV. Although the excess energy increased considerably from C2E to D2E, the kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) of CF2Cl+ were similar. Moreover, the anisotropy parameters ß for the F-loss channel were positive and larger than those for the Cl-loss channel. The calculated F-loss potential energy curves of CF3Cl+ suggested that for the C2E and D2E states, the C-F bond rupture occurred via the internal conversion to the A2A' state followed by the dissociation attributed to the crossing of the barrier along the C-F coordinate. Based on the experimental and theoretical conclusions, the internal conversion is the rate-determining step in the dissociative photoionization of CF3Cl via the C2E and D2E ionic states, irrespective of whether the C-F and C-Cl bonds rupture.

8.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(10): 1929-1936, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30811197

RESUMO

Criegee intermediates have raised much attention in atmospheric chemistry because of their significance in ozonolysis mechanism. The simplest Criegee intermediate, CH2OO, and its reactions with acrylic acid including cycloadditions and insertions as main entrance channels have been investigated at CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ//M06-2X/6-31G(d,p) level. Temperature- and pressure-dependent kinetics were predicted by solving the time-dependent master equations based on Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory using MESS program, with temperatures from 200 to 500 K and pressures from 0.001 to 1000 atm. Variational transition state theory (VTST) was used for barrierless pathways and conventional transition state theory (CTST) for pathways with distinct barriers. Results indicate that hydroperoxymethyl acrylate is the dominant product under atmospheric conditions. The combination of two reactants will reduce the volatility and makes a possible factor that induces formation of secondary organic aerosols, which suggests CH2OO's entangled role in ever-increasing air pollution.

9.
Chemosphere ; 221: 263-269, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30640009

RESUMO

Reactions between chlorine and unsaturated esters in gas phase are examined in a slow-flow reaction tube inside the laboratory-built photoionization mass spectrometer at the energy range of 8-11 eV. 248 nm laser radiation is used to initiate the reaction. Products are distinguished, C5H8O2Cl for addition, and C5H7O2, C5H7O2Cl and C5H9O2Cl for abstraction. The direct or indirect products are detected, indicating secondary reactions. And experimental ionization potentials are procured for direct adducts of methyl methacrylate to be 8.30 eV and for that of ethyl acrylate to be 9.95 eV which are well consistent with theoretical ionization potentials of likely isomers. Theoretical reaction channels are also accounted for, optimized under M06-2X/6-31 + G(d,p) level and ionization potentials of products are calculated under M06-2X/6-31 + G(d,p) level also. Differences between experimental and theoretical details are discussed.


Assuntos
Acrilatos/química , Cloro/química , Metilmetacrilato/química , Ésteres/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Síncrotrons
10.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(1): 103-110, 2019 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501195

RESUMO

The thermal decomposition of furfural is investigated in a flow tube reactor at 30 Torr by synchrotron vacuum ultraviolet photoionization mass spectrometry (SVUV-PIMS) at temperatures from 1023 to 1273 K. Over 20 kinds of pyrolysis products, including short-lived radicals, stable oxygen-containing compounds, and hydrocarbons, are identified from the scanning photoionization efficiency (PIE) spectra. Vinylketene (CH2═CH-CH═C═O), which has been shown to be an important primary product, is also directly observed. The possible steps of hydrogen atom addition and hydrogen atom abstraction in the thermal decomposition of furfural are studied by theoretical calculations at the CBS-QB3 level. In addition to unimolecular decomposition, hydrogen atom addition followed by ring opening can lead to the production of vinylketene.

11.
J Neuroinflammation ; 15(1): 347, 2018 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation is closely associated with functional outcome in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. Our recent study demonstrated that fluoxetine inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation and attenuated necrotic cell death in early brain injury after SAH, while the effects and potential mechanisms of fluoxetine on neuroinflammation after SAH have not been well-studied yet. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-three male SD rats were subjected to the endovascular perforation model of SAH. Fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) was administered intravenously at 6 h after SAH induction. TAK-242 (1.5 mg/kg), an exogenous TLR4 antagonist, was injected intraperitoneally 1 h after SAH. SAH grade, neurological scores, brain water content, Evans blue extravasation, immunofluorescence/TUNEL staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and western blot were performed. RESULTS: Fluoxetine administration attenuated BBB disruption, brain edema, and improved neurological function after SAH. In addition, fluoxetine alleviated the number of Iba-1-positive microglia/macrophages, neutrophil infiltration, and cell death. Moreover, fluoxetine reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, downregulated the expression of TLR4 and MyD88, and promoted the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65, which were also found in rats with TAK-242 administration. Combined administration of fluoxetine and TAK-242 did not enhance the neuroprotective effects of fluoxetine. CONCLUSION: Fluoxetine attenuated neuroinflammation and improved neurological function in SAH rats. The potential mechanisms involved, at least in part, TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Fluoxetina/uso terapêutico , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/fisiopatologia , Edema Encefálico/tratamento farmacológico , Edema Encefálico/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas/mortalidade , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/metabolismo , Interleucina-3/metabolismo , Masculino , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/mortalidade , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
12.
Talanta ; 187: 106-112, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29853021

RESUMO

The nanomaterials function as the substrate to trap analytes, absorb energy from the laser irradiation and transfer energy to the analytes to facilitate the laser desorption process. In this work, the signal intensity and reproducibility of analytes with nanomaterials as matrices were explored by laser desorption postionization mass spectrometry (LDPI-MS). Herein, the desorbed neutral species were further ionized by vacuum ultraviolet (VUV, 118 nm) and analyzed by mass spectrometer. Compared with other nanomaterial matrices such as graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) exhibited much higher desorption efficiency under infrared (IR) light and produced no background signal in the whole mass range by LDPI-MS. Additionally, this method was successfully and firstly exploited to in situ detection and imaging for drugs of low concentration in intact tissues, which proved the utility, facility and convenience of this method applied in drug discovery and biomedical research.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(7): 4917-4925, 2018 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384156

RESUMO

The dissociative photoionization of CF3Cl was investigated in the photon energy range of 12.30-18.50 eV. The low-lying electronic states of CF3Cl+ cations were prepared by the method of threshold photoelectron-photoion coincidence (TPEPICO). The threshold photoelectron spectrum and the coincident time-of-flight mass spectra at the specific photon energies were recorded. Only a CF3+ fragment was observed at lower energy, while a CF2Cl+ fragment appeared for C2E and D2E states. As Cl-loss from the ground ionic state is statistical, the total kinetic energy release distribution (KERD) is represented as a Boltzmann profile, and a 0 K appearance energy of AP0 =12.79 ± 0.02 eV is derived from the statistical modelling of the breakdown diagram from 12.60 to 12.85 eV without taking into account the kinetic shift. For the A2A1 and B2A2 states of CF3Cl+ cations, the total KERDs are bimodal, where a parallel faster dissociation appears together with the statistical distribution. At higher energies like the C2E and D2E ionic states, a bimodal distribution similar to that of the A2A1 and B2A2 states is also observed for the KERD. With the aid of the calculated Cl-loss potential energy curves, the dissociative mechanisms of internal energy-selected CF3Cl+ cations are proposed.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(10): 7351-7360, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29485656

RESUMO

Water molecules, which serve as both hydrogen bond donors and acceptors, have been found to influence the conformational landscape of gas-phase phenyl-ß-d-glucopyranoside. Herein, tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol (THFA), a sugar-like molecule without chromophores (e.g. phenyl-substitution), was used as the model sugar molecule for exploring the behaviour of water molecules on the conformational landscape of a pentose sugar such as deoxyribose. We used mass selected infrared-vacuum ultraviolet (IR-VUV) (118 nm) spectroscopy to investigate the hydrated neutral THFA and its complex cation in a supersonic jet. High level density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to ascertain the experimental results. The results revealed that the water molecule tends to insert into the twisted conformer at a position where two stronger intermolecular hydrogen bonds were formed by breaking the weak intramolecular interactions. We found that the twisted conformer of the hydrated neutral THFA complex is more stable than the envelope conformation, while the latter is more stable for the THFA molecule. However, the conformational landscape of the hydrated THFA complex cation did not significantly change on microsolvation with water molecules. These results indicated that the dominant structural landscape of the hydrated cationic complex is the twisted configuration with a trans-hydroxymethyl group. This finding provides valuable insight into the microsolvation of gas-phase sugar molecules.

15.
J Phys Chem A ; 121(25): 4743-4753, 2017 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28581756

RESUMO

The dissociative photoionization of vinyl chloride (C2H3Cl) in the 11.0-14.2 eV photon energy range was investigated using threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence (TPEPICO) velocity map imaging. Three electronic states, namely, A2A', B2A″, and C2A', of the C2H3Cl+ cation were prepared, and their dissociation dynamics were investigated. A unique fragment ion, C2H3+, was observed within the excitation energy range. TPEPICO three-dimensional time-sliced velocity map images of C2H3+ provided the kinetic energy release distributions (KERD) and anisotropy parameters in dissociation of internal-energy-selected C2H3Cl+ cations. At 13.14 eV, the total KERD showed a bimodal distribution consisting of Boltzmann- and Gaussian-type components, indicating a competition between statistical and non-statistical dissociation mechanisms. An additional Gaussian-type component was found in the KERD at 13.65 eV, a center of which was located at a lower kinetic energy. The overall dissociative photoionization mechanisms of C2H3Cl+ in the B2A″ and C2A' states are proposed based on time-dependent density functional theory calculations of the Cl-loss potential energy curves. Our results highlight the inconsistency of previous conclusions on the dissociation mechanism of C2H3Cl+.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(19): 13554-63, 2016 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27141555

RESUMO

Photoionization and dissociation of the 1-propanol dimer and subsequent fragmentations have been investigated by synchrotron vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoionization mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. Besides the protonated monomer cation (C3H7OH)·H(+) (m/z = 61) and Cα-Cß bond cleavage fragment CH2O·(C3H7OH)H(+) (m/z = 91), the measured mass spectrum at an incident photon energy of 13 eV suggests a new dissociation channel resulting in the formation of the (C3H7OH)·H(+)·(C2H5OH) (m/z = 107) fragment. The appearance energies of the fragments (C3H7OH)·H(+), CH2O·(C3H7OH)H(+) and (C3H7OH)·H(+)·(C2H5OH) are measured at 10.05 ± 0.05 eV, 9.48 ± 0.05 eV, and 12.8 ± 0.1 eV, respectively, by scanning photoionization efficiency (PIE) spectra. The 1-propanol ion fragments as a function of VUV photon energy were interpreted with the aid of theoretical calculations. In addition to O-H and Cα-Cß bond cleavage, a new dissociation channel related to Cß-Cγ bond cleavage opens. In this channel, molecular rearrangement (proton transfer and hydrogen transfer after surmounting an energy barrier) gives rise to the generated complex, which then dissociates to produce the mixed propanol/ethanol proton bound cation (C3H7OH)·H(+)·(C2H5OH). This new dissociation channel has not been reported in previous studies of ethanol and acetic acid dimers. The photoionization and dissociation processes of the 1-propanol dimer are described in the photon energy range of 9-15 eV.

17.
J Mass Spectrom ; 51(2): 169-81, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26889934

RESUMO

In this work, photoionization and dissociation of cyclohexene have been studied by means of coupling a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer with the tunable vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) synchrotron radiation. The adiabatic ionization energy of cyclohexene as well as the appearance energies of its fragment ions C6 H9 (+) , C6 H7 (+) , C5 H7 (+) , C5 H5 (+) , C4 H6 (+) , C4 H5 (+) , C3 H5 (+) and C3 H3 (+) were derived from the onset of the photoionization efficiency (PIE) curves. The optimized structures for the transition states and intermediates on the ground state potential energy surfaces related to photodissociation of cyclohexene were characterized at the ωB97X-D/6-31+g(d,p) level. The coupled cluster method, CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ, was employed to calculate the corresponding energies with the zero-point energy corrections by the ωB97X-D/6-31+g(d,p) approach. Combining experimental and theoretical results, possible formation pathways of the fragment ions were proposed and discussed in detail. The retro-Cope rearrangement was found to play a crucial role in the formation of C4 H6 (+) , C4 H5 (+) and C3 H5 (+) . Intramolecular hydrogen migrations were observed as dominant processes in most of the fragmentation pathways of cyclohexene. The present research provides a clear picture of the photoionization and dissociation processes of cyclohexene in the 8- to 15.5-eV photon energy region.


Assuntos
Cicloexenos/análise , Cicloexenos/química , Íons/análise , Íons/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Modelos Moleculares , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Síncrotrons , Vácuo
18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 37(9): 3634-3641, 2016 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29964802

RESUMO

Biochar is known to be a good soil amendment to improve soil physical and biochemical characteristics, to increase crop yield, and to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from soils. In this study, five addition levels of apple tree branches-derived biochar (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 t·hm-2) were used in field plot test. The effects of biochar on soil temperature, soil aggregates, NO3--N, NH4+-N, microbial biomass carbon and greenhouse gas fluxes were investigated during the whole pepper growth season. The results showed that biochar amendment increased the temperature moderation capability of soil and increased the content of soil macro-aggregates, especially the content of aggregates with sizes >5 mm, 5-2 mm and 1-0.5 mm. As compared with the control, the contents of NO3--N, NH4+-N and microbial biomass carbon increased by 4.9%-33.9%, 9.1%-41.1% and 11.8%-38.5% with the increase of biochar content respectively. Biochar amendment increased CO2 emissions and CH4 uptake by 6.73%-23.35% and 3.62%-14.17%, respectively. N2O emissions and global warming potential (GWP) decreased at biochar levels of 20 and 40 t·hm-2 and increased when the biochar levels were 60 and 80 t·hm-2 as compared with the control. The results suggested that as a soil conditioner, biochar improved soil quality, soil fertility and function of agriculture soil on carbon sequestion and decreased emission cut. In addition, the choice of biochar level is very important.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/análise , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Agricultura , Capsicum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dióxido de Carbono , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malus
19.
J Chem Phys ; 142(2): 024306, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25591352

RESUMO

While methyl transfer is well known to occur in the enzyme- and metal-catalyzed reactions, the methyl transfer in the metal-free organic molecules induced by the photon ionization has been less concerned. Herein, vacuum ultraviolet single photon ionization and dissociation of ethanol dimer are investigated with synchrotron radiation photoionization mass spectroscopy and theoretical methods. Besides the protonated clusters cation (C2H5OH)⋅H(+) (m/z = 47) and the ß-carbon-carbon bond cleavage fragment CH2O⋅(C2H5OH)H(+) (m/z = 77), the measured mass spectra revealed that a new fragment (C2H5OH)⋅(CH3)(+) (m/z = 61) appeared at the photon energy of 12.1 and 15.0 eV, where the neutral dimer could be vertically ionized to higher ionic state. Thereafter, the generated carbonium ions are followed by a Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement and then dissociate to produce this new fragment, which is considered to generate after surmounting a few barriers including intra- and inter-molecular methyl migrations by the aid of theoretical calculations. The appearance energy of this new fragment is measured as 11.55 ± 0.05 eV by scanning photoionization efficiency curve. While the signal intensity of fragment m/z = 61 starts to increase, the fragments m/z = 47 and 77 tend to slowly incline around 11.55 eV photon energy. This suggests that the additional fragment channels other than (C2H5OH)⋅H(+) and CH2O⋅(C2H5OH)H(+) have also been opened, which consume some dimer cations. The present report provides a clear description of the photoionization and dissociation processes of the ethanol dimer in the range of the photon energy 12-15 eV.


Assuntos
Dimerização , Etanol/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Síncrotrons , Raios Ultravioleta , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
20.
J Phys Chem A ; 118(34): 7096-103, 2014 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25080068

RESUMO

In present report, we explored hyperconjugation effects on the site- and bond-selective dissociation processes of cationic ethanol conformers by the use of theoretical methods (including configuration optimizations, natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis, and density of states (DOS) calculations, etc.) and the tunable synchrotron vacuum ultraviolet (SVUV) photoionization mass spectrometry. The dissociative mechanism of ethanol cations, in which hyperconjugative interactions and charge-transfer processes were involved, was proposed. The results reveal Cα-H and C-C bonds are selectively weakened, which arise as a result of the hyperconjugative interactions σCα-H → p in the trans-conformer and σC-C → p in gauche-conformer after being ionized. As a result, the selective bond cleavages would occur and different fragments were observed.


Assuntos
Cátions/química , Etanol/química , Elétrons , Espectrometria de Massas , Modelos Químicos
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